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Addressing Ethical Issues In The Design Of Smart Home Technology For Older Adults And People With Disabilities., Jonathan Turner, Dympna O'Sullivan, Damian Gordon, Yannis Stavrakakis, Brian Keegan, Emma Murphy 2022 Technological University Dublin

Addressing Ethical Issues In The Design Of Smart Home Technology For Older Adults And People With Disabilities., Jonathan Turner, Dympna O'Sullivan, Damian Gordon, Yannis Stavrakakis, Brian Keegan, Emma Murphy

Articles

Unique ethical, privacy and safety implications arise for people who are reliant on home-based smart technology due to health conditions or disabilities. In this paper we highlight a need for a reflective, inclusive ethical framework that encompasses the life cycle of smart home technology. We present key ethical considerations for smart home technology for older adults and people with disabilities and argue for ethical frameworks which combine these key considerations with existing models of design and development.


Co-Design To Support Engagement In Activities Of Daily Living And Meaningful Activities For People Living With Dementia, Michael Wilson, Julie Doyle, Ann Marron, Jonathan Turner, Ciaran Nugent, Dympna O'Sullivan 2022 Dundalk Institute of Technology

Co-Design To Support Engagement In Activities Of Daily Living And Meaningful Activities For People Living With Dementia, Michael Wilson, Julie Doyle, Ann Marron, Jonathan Turner, Ciaran Nugent, Dympna O'Sullivan

Articles

Dementia is a chronic and progressive neurodegenerative illness, which can lead to significant difficulties in a person’s capacity to perform activities of daily living and engage in meaningful activities. The Smart Dementia Care project aims to establish an understanding of how best to design digital tools that persons with dementia and their carers will find useful and usable for care planning and goal setting. This paper discusses the first phase of this project and describes how co-design is being used to support engagement in activities of daily living and meaningful activities for people living with the early stages of ...


A Mean-Field Markov Decision Process Model For Spatial Temporal Subsidies In Ride-Sourcing Markets, Zheng ZHU, Jintao KE, Hai WANG 2022 Singapore Management University

A Mean-Field Markov Decision Process Model For Spatial Temporal Subsidies In Ride-Sourcing Markets, Zheng Zhu, Jintao Ke, Hai Wang

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Ride-sourcing services are increasingly popular because of their ability to accommodate on-demand travel needs. A critical issue faced by ride-sourcing platforms is the supply-demand imbalance, as a result of which drivers may spend substantial time on idle cruising and picking up remote passengers. Some platforms attempt to mitigate the imbalance by providing relocation guidance for idle drivers who may have their own self-relocation strategies and decline to follow the suggestions. Platforms then seek to induce drivers to system-desirable locations by offering them subsidies. This paper proposes a mean-field Markov decision process (MF-MDP) model to depict the dynamics in ride-sourcing markets ...


Time Dependent Orienteering Problem With Time Windows And Service Time Dependent Profits, M. Khodadadian, A. Divsalar, C. Verbeeck, Aldy GUNAWAN, P. Vansteenwegen 2022 Singapore Management University

Time Dependent Orienteering Problem With Time Windows And Service Time Dependent Profits, M. Khodadadian, A. Divsalar, C. Verbeeck, Aldy Gunawan, P. Vansteenwegen

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This paper addresses the time dependent orienteering problem with time windows and service time dependent profits (TDOPTW-STP). In the TDOPTW-STP, each vertex is assigned a minimum and a maximum service time and the profit collected at each vertex increases linearly with the service time. The goal is to maximize the total collected profit by determining a subset of vertices to be visited and assigning appropriate service time to each vertex, considering a given time budget and time windows. Moreover, travel times are dependent of the departure times. To solve this problem, a mixed integer linear model is formulated and a ...


Are You Really Muted?: A Privacy Analysis Of Mute Buttons In Video Conferencing Apps, Yucheng Yang, Jack West, George K. Thiruvathukal, Neil Klingensmith, Kassem Fawaz 2022 University of Wisconsin - Madison

Are You Really Muted?: A Privacy Analysis Of Mute Buttons In Video Conferencing Apps, Yucheng Yang, Jack West, George K. Thiruvathukal, Neil Klingensmith, Kassem Fawaz

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

In the post-pandemic era, video conferencing apps (VCAs) have converted previously private spaces — bedrooms, living rooms, and kitchens — into semi-public extensions of the office. And for the most part, users have accepted these apps in their personal space, without much thought about the permission models that govern the use of their personal data during meetings. While access to a device’s video camera is carefully controlled, little has been done to ensure the same level of privacy for accessing the microphone. In this work, we ask the question: what happens to the microphone data when a user clicks the mute ...


Digbug—Pre/Post-Processing Operator Selection For Accurate Bug Localization, Kisub KIM, Sankalp GHATPANDE, Kui LIU, Anil KOYUNCU, Dongsun KIM, Tegawendé F. BISSYANDE, Jacques KLEIN, Yves LE TRAON 2022 Singapore Management University

Digbug—Pre/Post-Processing Operator Selection For Accurate Bug Localization, Kisub Kim, Sankalp Ghatpande, Kui Liu, Anil Koyuncu, Dongsun Kim, Tegawendé F. Bissyande, Jacques Klein, Yves Le Traon

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Bug localization is a recurrent maintenance task in software development. It aims at identifying relevant code locations (e.g., code files) that must be inspected to fix bugs. When such bugs are reported by users, the localization process become often overwhelming as it is mostly a manual task due to incomplete and informal information (written in natural languages) available in bug reports. The research community has then invested in automated approaches, notably using Information Retrieval techniques. Unfortunately, reported performance in the literature is still limited for practical usage. Our key observation, after empirically investigating a large dataset of bug reports ...


Irrelevant Pixels Are Everywhere: Find And Exclude Them For More Efficient Computer Vision, Caleb Tung, Abhinav Goel, Xiao Hu, Nick Eliopoulos, Emmanuel Amobi, George K. Thiruvathukal, Vipin Chaudhary, Yung-Hisang Lu 2022 Purdue University

Irrelevant Pixels Are Everywhere: Find And Exclude Them For More Efficient Computer Vision, Caleb Tung, Abhinav Goel, Xiao Hu, Nick Eliopoulos, Emmanuel Amobi, George K. Thiruvathukal, Vipin Chaudhary, Yung-Hisang Lu

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Computer vision is often performed using Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). CNNs are compute-intensive and challenging to deploy on power-constrained systems such as mobile and Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices. CNNs are compute-intensive because they indiscriminately compute many features on all pixels of the input image. We observe that, given a computer vision task, images often contain pixels that are irrelevant to the task. For example, if the task is looking for cars, pixels in the sky are not very useful. Therefore, we propose that a CNN be modified to only operate on relevant pixels to save computation and energy. We propose a ...


Ultrametric Diffusion, Rugged Energy Landscapes And Transition Networks, Wilson A. Zuniga-Galindo 2022 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Ultrametric Diffusion, Rugged Energy Landscapes And Transition Networks, Wilson A. Zuniga-Galindo

Mathematical and Statistical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

In this article we introduce the ultrametric networks which are p" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: inline-block; line-height: normal; font-size: 16.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px; position: relative;">p-adic continuous analogs of the standard Markov state models constructed using master equations. A p" role="presentation" style="box-sizing: border-box; margin: 0px; padding: 0px; display: inline-block; line-height: normal; font-size: 16.2px; word-spacing: normal; overflow-wrap: normal; white-space: nowrap; float: none; direction: ltr; max-width: none; max-height: none; min-width: 0px; min-height: 0px; border: 0px ...


Method Of Hybrid Control Based Of Dynamic Objects Of Neuro-Fuzzy Inference, Noilakhon Yakubova 2022 Tashkent State Technical University

Method Of Hybrid Control Based Of Dynamic Objects Of Neuro-Fuzzy Inference, Noilakhon Yakubova

Karakalpak Scientific Journal

The Results of interaction of the work is development of a method of control that allows simplifying, automating and unifying the process of design of the hybrid systems which are a basis of modern automation. To achieve a definite purpose, a method of control of a technical object based on the construction of an adaptive system of neuro-fuzzy inference is developed. The objects of the system of neuro-fuzzy inference are the classical and neuro-fuzzy models of control. Information exchange between models is provided by means of the developed hybrid control system. The result of the interaction of the two models ...


Application Of A Synergetic Approach To The Problem Of Synthesizing An Intelligent Control System For Chemical Reactors, Komil Usmanov 2022 Tashkent Chemical-Technological Institute

Application Of A Synergetic Approach To The Problem Of Synthesizing An Intelligent Control System For Chemical Reactors, Komil Usmanov

Karakalpak Scientific Journal

The article deals with the synthesis of effective algorithms for controlling a chemical reactor and developed a intelligent synergistic controller for a class of indefinite nonlinear dynamic systems. A synergetic control scheme is proposed for solving the control problem for nonlinear systems. Non-linear systems with configurations and parameters that change over time require a completely non-linear model and adaptive control scheme for a practical operating environment. The synthesis of control laws is performed by the method of analytical design of aggregated controllers (ADAR).


Forest Aboveground Biomass In The Southwestern United States From A Misr Multi-Angle Index, 2000–2015, Mark Chopping, Zhousen Wang, Crystal Schaaf, Michael A. Bull, Rocio R. Duchesne 2022 Montclair State University

Forest Aboveground Biomass In The Southwestern United States From A Misr Multi-Angle Index, 2000–2015, Mark Chopping, Zhousen Wang, Crystal Schaaf, Michael A. Bull, Rocio R. Duchesne

Department of Earth and Environmental Studies Faculty Scholarship and Creative Works

Multi-angle surface reflectance data from the NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory Multi-angle Imaging Spectro-Radiometer (MISR) were used to map aboveground biomass density (AGB, Mg ha−1) in the forests of the southwestern United States inter-annually from 2000 to 2015. The approach uses a multi-angle index that has a loge relationship with AGB estimates in the National Biomass and Carbon Dataset 2000 (NBCD 2000). MISR Level 1B2 Terrain radiance data from May 15–June 15 of each year were converted to mapped surface bidirectional reflectance factors (BRFs) and leveraged to adjust the kernel weights of the RossThin-LiSparse-Reciprocal Bidirectional Reflectance Distribution Function (BRDF ...


Shadows Of A Schwarzschild Black Hole Surrounded By A Spherically Symmetric Dark Matter, Ahmad Ibrahim 2022 American University in Cairo

Shadows Of A Schwarzschild Black Hole Surrounded By A Spherically Symmetric Dark Matter, Ahmad Ibrahim

Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, using general relativity, the null geodesics and black hole shadow of a spherically symmetric configuration of a black hole (surrounded by a dark matter shell) are studied. First, the standard

results of the photon sphere of Schwarzschild de-Sitter black hole is revisited and analyzed more carefully. Secondly, using an ansatz (piecewise metric function) commonly used in the literature to describe the mass distribution of the spherically symmetric black hole - dark matter configuration, the null geodesics through vacuum and dark matter are analyzed. Assuming an observer located at a finite distance from the black hole outside the dark ...


Enhancing Vanadium Redox Battery Performance Using Tungsten-Bismuth-Based Oxide Nanostructures As Electrode Modifiers, Taher Al Najjar 2022 American University in Cairo

Enhancing Vanadium Redox Battery Performance Using Tungsten-Bismuth-Based Oxide Nanostructures As Electrode Modifiers, Taher Al Najjar

Theses and Dissertations

Renewable energy power plants require high efficiency conversion and storage systems that can store high amounts of energy and can be integrated with the electrical grid. Vanadium redox flow batteries are very promising for this application. However, one major drawback of VRFBs is their low power density which means that right now they cannot replace non-renewable energy sources. Different carbon materials are used as electrodes in VRFBs and each carbon material affects the battery’s performance in a different way. Modification of these electrodes can increase the power density of the battery. Some metal oxides like tungsten oxide can enhance ...


Single-Pass Inline Pipeline 3d Reconstruction Using Depth Camera Array, Zhexiong Shang, Zhigang Shen 2022 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Single-Pass Inline Pipeline 3d Reconstruction Using Depth Camera Array, Zhexiong Shang, Zhigang Shen

Faculty Publications in Construction Engineering & Management

A novel inline inspection (ILI) approach using depth cameras array (DCA) is introduced to create high-fidelity, dense 3D pipeline models. A new camera calibration method is introduced to register the color and the depth information of the cameras into a unified pipe model. By incorporating the calibration outcomes into a robust camera motion estimation approach, dense and complete 3D pipe surface reconstruction is achieved by using only the inline image data collected by a self-powered ILI rover in a single pass through a straight pipeline. The outcomes of the laboratory experiments demonstrate one-millimeter geometrical accuracy and 0.1-pixel photometric accuracy ...


Fractional Bernstein Operational Matrices For Solving Integro-Differential Equations Involved By Caputo Fractional Derivative, M.H.T. Alshbool, Mutaz Mohammad, Osman Isik, Ishak Hashim 2022 Zayed University

Fractional Bernstein Operational Matrices For Solving Integro-Differential Equations Involved By Caputo Fractional Derivative, M.H.T. Alshbool, Mutaz Mohammad, Osman Isik, Ishak Hashim

All Works

The present work is devoted to developing two numerical techniques based on fractional Bernstein polynomials, namely fractional Bernstein operational matrix method, to numerically solving a class of fractional integro-differential equations (FIDEs). The first scheme is introduced based on the idea of operational matrices generated using integration, whereas the second one is based on operational matrices of differentiation using the collocation technique. We apply the Riemann–Liouville and fractional derivative in Caputo’s sense on Bernstein polynomials, to obtain the approximate solutions of the proposed FIDEs. We also provide the residual correction procedure for both methods to estimate the absolute errors ...


Exploring The Effectiveness Of Multiple-Exemplar Training For Visual Analysis Of Ab-Design Graphs, Verena S. Bethke 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Exploring The Effectiveness Of Multiple-Exemplar Training For Visual Analysis Of Ab-Design Graphs, Verena S. Bethke

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In behavior analysis, data are usually analyzed using visual analysis of the graphed data. There are a wide range of methods used to visually analyze data, from a basic ‘textbook’ style approach to the use of visual aids, decision-rubrics, and computer-based approaches. In the literature, there have been some comparisons of the efficacy of different approaches. Visual analysis as a behavior can be taught using a variety of methods, independent of how the skill itself is to be performed. Teaching methods include lecture, online instruction, and equivalence-based instruction. There is not much research on the teaching of visual analysis specifically ...


Decomposing Generation Networks With Structure Prediction For Recipe Generation, Hao WANG, Guosheng LIN, Steven C. H. HOI, Chunyan MIAO 2022 Singapore Management University

Decomposing Generation Networks With Structure Prediction For Recipe Generation, Hao Wang, Guosheng Lin, Steven C. H. Hoi, Chunyan Miao

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Recipe generation from food images and ingredients is a challenging task, which requires the interpretation of the information from another modality. Different from the image captioning task, where the captions usually have one sentence, cooking instructions contain multiple sentences and have obvious structures. To help the model capture the recipe structure and avoid missing some cooking details, we propose a novel framework: Decomposing Generation Networks (DGN) with structure prediction, to get more structured and complete recipe generation outputs. Specifically, we split each cooking instruction into several phases, and assign different sub-generators to each phase. Our approach includes two novel ideas ...


The Zariski-Riemann Space As A Universal Model For The Birational Geometry Of A Function Field, Giovan Battista Pignatti Morano di Custoza 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

The Zariski-Riemann Space As A Universal Model For The Birational Geometry Of A Function Field, Giovan Battista Pignatti Morano Di Custoza

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Given a function field $K$ over an algebraically closed field $k$, we propose to use the Zariski-Riemann space $\ZR (K/k)$ of valuation rings as a universal model that governs the birational geometry of the field extension $K/k$. More specifically, we find an exact correspondence between ad-hoc collections of open subsets of $\ZR (K/k)$ ordered by quasi-refinements and the category of normal models of $K/k$ with morphisms the birational maps. We then introduce suitable Grothendieck topologies and we develop a sheaf theory on $\ZR (K/k)$ which induces, locally at once, the sheaf theory of each normal ...


Symmetries, Zero Modes And Light Transport In Non-Hermitian Photonics, Jose David Hernandez Rivero 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Symmetries, Zero Modes And Light Transport In Non-Hermitian Photonics, Jose David Hernandez Rivero

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

We approach some fundamental aspects of photonic dissipative systems treated by a non-Hermitian theory. Inspired by the possibilities provided by some major non-Hermitian symmetries, we study systematically the properties of the novel pseudochirality, pseudo-anti-Hermiticity, and supersymmetry. We analyze other aspect of photonics, the zero mode, which has a profound connection to non-Hermitian physics. We propose a scheme to realize a zero mode that exists even in the absence of symmetries. Finally, we approach light transport in non-Hermitian photonic systems, where the introduction of gain and loss can modify drastically the propagation speed of wavepackets.


Optical Studies Of Wide Bandgap Photonic Materials, Nikesh Maharjan 2022 The Graduate Center, City University of New York

Optical Studies Of Wide Bandgap Photonic Materials, Nikesh Maharjan

Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

In this dissertation work, optical properties of wide bandgap materials such as hexagonal Boron Nitride (h-BN) and Zinc Oxide (ZnO) have been studied. Deep UV photoluminescence spectroscopy was employed to study the optical properties of bulk h-BN and powder crystals using a laser of wavelength 200 nm, which is the fourth harmonic of Ti:Sapphire laser as excitation source. The properties and chemical compositions of annealed and unannealed bulk h-BN were investigated. The PL spectra from h-BN samples annealed at 900 ºC in ambient air, had strong phonon assisted band edge emissions along with a sharp atomic-like emission line at ...


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