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Using Ground Penetrating Radar To Investigate Controls On Pedogenic Calcium Carbonate Distribution In Dryland Critical Zones, Nohemi Valenzuela Garay 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Using Ground Penetrating Radar To Investigate Controls On Pedogenic Calcium Carbonate Distribution In Dryland Critical Zones, Nohemi Valenzuela Garay

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Caliche or pedogenic calcium carbonate (CaCO3) layers are a common feature of arid soils, but the environmental controls on their distribution are not fully understood. Caliche layers are thought to play an important role in shallow subsurface water storage and movement, due to their water retention capacity and ability to impede vertical water transport (Hennessy et al., 1983). Therefore, caliche distribution and stability play a role in controlling water distribution in arid lands. However, due to its largely subsurface nature, caliche can be difficult to investigate and map without significant effort. I hypothesize that noninvasive geophysical methods, such as ground-penetrating …


Glacier Segmentation From Remote Sensing Imagery Using Deep Learning, Bibek Aryal 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Glacier Segmentation From Remote Sensing Imagery Using Deep Learning, Bibek Aryal

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Large-scale study of glaciers improves our understanding of global glacier change and is imperative for monitoring the ecological environment, preventing disasters, and studying the effects of global climate change. In recent years, remote sensing imagery has been preferred over riskier and resource-intensive field visits for tracking landscape level changes like glaciers. However, periodic manual labeling of glaciers over a large area is not feasible due to the considerable amount of time it requires while automatic segmentation of glaciers has its own set of challenges. Our work aims to study the challenges associated with segmentation of glaciers from remote sensing imagery …


Decision Making Under Uncertainty With A Special Emphasis On Geosciences And Education, Laxman Bokati 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Decision Making Under Uncertainty With A Special Emphasis On Geosciences And Education, Laxman Bokati

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

In many practical situations, we need to make a decision. In engineering, we need to decideon the best design of a system, and, for existing systems - on the best control strategy. In financial applications, we need to decide what is the best way to invest money. In geosciences, we need to decide whether we should explore a possible mineral deposit - or whether we should perform more experiments and measurements (and what exactly). In some cases, we can compute the exact consequences of each decision - e.g., if we are controlling a satellite. However, in many other cases, we …


Reprocessing Groundwater Resistivity Surveys In The Lower Mesilla Basin, New Mexico, And Texas, Leslie Bernal 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Reprocessing Groundwater Resistivity Surveys In The Lower Mesilla Basin, New Mexico, And Texas, Leslie Bernal

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

The Mesilla Basin is part of the Rio Grande Basin System. Its northern boundary is definedby the Doña Ana Mountains in New Mexico and to the south by Sierra San Blas, Sierra Almirez, and Sierra La Candelaria in Mexico, where the basin changes its name to Conejos-Médanos. It supplies water for irrigation and public use to the cities of Las Cruces, NM, El Paso, TX, and Ciudad Juárez, Mexico. The southern part of the basin in the U.S. territory, known as the Lower Mesilla Basin, is bounded to the east by the Franklin Mountains, to the west by the Potrillo …


Applications Of Micro-X-Ray Fluorescence (Μxrf) Techniques To Ore Formation Questions In Economic Geology, Hannah Adwoa Buamono 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Applications Of Micro-X-Ray Fluorescence (Μxrf) Techniques To Ore Formation Questions In Economic Geology, Hannah Adwoa Buamono

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Advances in x-ray optics over the past decade have enabled a new generation of benchtop micro energy-dispersive x-ray fluorescence (µXRF/EDS) instruments to analyze samples with an x-ray spot size of 25 microns or less and detection limits of tens to hundreds of parts per million. The analysis of samples from mineral (ore) deposits may illustrate some of the capabilities and limitations of these instruments applied to geoscience problems. The qualitative elemental analysis process allows the production of detailed elemental maps which, together with line scan profiles and other petrographic and geochemical evidence, leads to a better definition of key chemical, …


Implementation Of Structure From Motion (Sfm) Technology For Edcuational Lessons, Valeria Veronica Martinez 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Implementation Of Structure From Motion (Sfm) Technology For Edcuational Lessons, Valeria Veronica Martinez

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

Education is the most important obligation the humanity race has in order to evolve and thrive in the modern world. There are various applications for educators to teach valuable lessons to students, and not all deliveries will be the same for every lesson and for every student. Lesson being taught, the lesson delivery from educator to student often changes every time the lesson is implemented, depending on the learning ability of the students. Students have the ability to learn in different ways, such as the visual, auditory, kinesthetic, reading and writing learners (Oxford 2003). As educators aware of the four …


Hydrothermal Alteration Targeting And Geophysical Mineral Exploration Of Eureka And Sylvanite Mining Districts, Southwest New Mexico, Kenneth Singh 2022 University of Texas at El Paso

Hydrothermal Alteration Targeting And Geophysical Mineral Exploration Of Eureka And Sylvanite Mining Districts, Southwest New Mexico, Kenneth Singh

Open Access Theses & Dissertations

As part of the southwestern North American porphyry copper province, mining of natural resources in New Mexico has historically played a crucial role in economic development for over 150 years including this project area in the Little Hatchet Mountains. The northern half of the Little Hatchet Mountains lies in Grant County and includes the Eureka Mining District (EMD) whereas the southern half is in Hidalgo County and includes the Sylvanite Mining District (SMD), 38 miles southeast of Lordsburg. The EMD, a copper and silver-lead mining district from 1880-1961, had a total estimated production from the Laramide veins of 2.9 million …


Unraveling Deformation Mechanisms And Kinematics In Metasedimentary Rocks Along The Southern Iberian Shear Zone, Kayla P. Kopinski 2022 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Unraveling Deformation Mechanisms And Kinematics In Metasedimentary Rocks Along The Southern Iberian Shear Zone, Kayla P. Kopinski

Theses and Dissertations

The primary goal of this project is to document deformation mechanisms in quartz-rich rocks across a 100 m wide ductile shear zone to evaluate whether strain localization at the brittle-ductile transition is accompanied by variations in active or dominant deformation mechanisms. A secondary goal of this project is to evaluate whether the kinematic framework varies across a shear zone with a major rheological boundary. The Southern Iberian Shear Zone (SISZ), a major terrane bounding shear zone within the Iberian Massif, is an ideal location to study these questions because it is a regional scale shear zone currently exposed at the …


Strain Development And Partitioning Across A Transpressional Shear Zone Along A Quartzite- Metagabbro Contact In The Black Hills Uplift, South Dakota, Eric L. Schuemann 2022 University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee

Strain Development And Partitioning Across A Transpressional Shear Zone Along A Quartzite- Metagabbro Contact In The Black Hills Uplift, South Dakota, Eric L. Schuemann

Theses and Dissertations

The Nemo region of South Dakota’s Black Hills offers an ideal location to study transpressional shear zones because it hosts an exposed Archean lithological boundary between two contrasting rheological units, the Boxelder Creek Quartzite (BCQ), a rift-depositional quartzite, and the Blue Draw Metagabbro (BDM), a metagabbro sill, deformed within a ductile shear zone that represents the beginning of main-phase formation of the North American continent as we know it today. The tectonic setting of the Black Hills is at the eastern edge of the Archean Wyoming province, located near the Trans-Hudson Orogeny suture zone that formed between the Wyoming and …


Increased Aerosols Can Reverse Twomey Effect In Water Clouds Through Radiative Pathway, Pradeep Khatri, Tadahiro Hayasaka, Brent N. Holben, Ramesh P. Singh, Husi Letu, Sachchida N. Tripathi 2022 Tohoku University

Increased Aerosols Can Reverse Twomey Effect In Water Clouds Through Radiative Pathway, Pradeep Khatri, Tadahiro Hayasaka, Brent N. Holben, Ramesh P. Singh, Husi Letu, Sachchida N. Tripathi

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Aerosols play important roles in modulations of cloud properties and hydrological cycle by decreasing the size of cloud droplets with the increase of aerosols under the condition of fixed liquid water path, which is known as the first aerosol indirect effect or Twomey-effect or microphysical effect. Using high-quality aerosol data from surface observations and statistically decoupling the influence of meteorological factors, we show that highly loaded aerosols can counter this microphysical effect through the radiative effect to result both the decrease and increase of cloud droplet size depending on liquid water path in water clouds. The radiative effect due to …


Emplacement Of The Franklin Large Igneous Province And Initiation Of The Sturtian Snowball Earth, Mark D. Schmitz 2022 Boise State University

Emplacement Of The Franklin Large Igneous Province And Initiation Of The Sturtian Snowball Earth, Mark D. Schmitz

Geosciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

During the Cryogenian (720 to 635 Ma ago) Snowball Earth glaciations, ice extended to sea level near the equator. The cause of this catastrophic failure of Earth’s thermostat has been unclear, but previous geochronology has suggested a rough coincidence of glacial onset with one of the largest magmatic episodes in the geological record, the Franklin large igneous province. U-Pb geochronology on zircon and baddeleyite from sills associated with the paleo-equatorial Franklin large igneous province in Arctic Canada record rapid emplacement between 719.86 ± 0.21 and 718.61 ± 0.30 Ma ago, 0.9 to 1.6 Ma before the onset of widespread glaciation. …


Mgrre_Thinsections_05_A_95, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_05_A_95, Mgrre

Thin Sections

No abstract provided.


Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_1, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_1, Mgrre

Thin Sections

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Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_2, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_2, Mgrre

Thin Sections

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Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_3, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_3, Mgrre

Thin Sections

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Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_4, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_4, Mgrre

Thin Sections

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Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_6, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_6, Mgrre

Thin Sections

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Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_7, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_7, Mgrre

Thin Sections

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Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_8, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_8, Mgrre

Thin Sections

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Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_10, MGRRE 2022 Western Michigan University

Mgrre_Thinsections_Mgrre-126_10, Mgrre

Thin Sections

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