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Data Visualization, Licensing, And Other Generative Ai Initiatives At Minnesota State University Mankato, Evan Rusch, Nat Gustafson-Sundell 2024 Minnesota State University, Mankato

Data Visualization, Licensing, And Other Generative Ai Initiatives At Minnesota State University Mankato, Evan Rusch, Nat Gustafson-Sundell

Library Services Publications

At Minnesota State University Mankato (MNSU), we’ve undertaken several experiments and initiatives focused on Generative Artificial Intelligence. At the start of the fall semester, we collaborated with university Information Technology Services to present a professional development session for returning faculty through the MNSU Center for Excellence in Teaching & Learning on “5 Tips for Teaching with AI.” We also presented to librarians across the regional consortium, Minitex, on “The Library & Generative AI.” This presentation included several demonstrations. It was offered as an introduction to Generative AI focused on topics most relevant to librarians, including information literacy, as well as …


Federated Learning Based Autoencoder Ensemble System For Malware Detection On Internet Of Things Devices, Steven Edward Arroyo 2024 Rowan University

Federated Learning Based Autoencoder Ensemble System For Malware Detection On Internet Of Things Devices, Steven Edward Arroyo

Theses and Dissertations

New technologies are being introduced at a rate faster than ever before and smaller in size. Due to the size of these devices, security is often difficult to implement. The existing solution is a firewall-segmented “IoT Network” that only limits the effect of these infected devices on other parts of the network. We propose a lightweight unsupervised hybrid-cloud ensemble anomaly detection system for malware detection. We perform transfer learning using a generalized model trained on multiple IoT device sources to learn network traffic on new devices with minimal computational resources. We further extend our proposed system to utilize federated learning …


The Robot On The Hill, James Ryan 2024 DePaul University

The Robot On The Hill, James Ryan

College of Computing and Digital Media Dissertations

“The Robot on the Hill” is a rogue-like autobattler that procedurally models the state of the individual in the information age. The game abruptly transitions between diverse framings - a hill, a bedroom, a pond, a chessboard, the void - in order to highlight the disjointedness that is present in the informationalizing of self and reality. It dialogues with Byung Chul Han and Heidegger to portray what Han describes as a ‘narrative crisis’ in modernity and the devaluation of experience. When the value of experience diminishes and disintegrates, “all that is left is bare life, a kind of survival.” …


Designing Of Human Serum Albumin Nanoparticles For Drug Delivery: A Potential Use Of Anticancer Treatment, Ali Al-Ani, Rasha Alsahlanee 2024 Department of Chemistry, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Designing Of Human Serum Albumin Nanoparticles For Drug Delivery: A Potential Use Of Anticancer Treatment, Ali Al-Ani, Rasha Alsahlanee

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Human serum albumin (HSA) nanoparticles have been widely used as versatile drug delivery systems for improving the efficiency and pharmaceutical properties of drugs. The present study aimed to design HSA nanoparticle encapsulated with the hydrophobic anticancer pyridine derivative (2-((2-([1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidin-3-yl)methylene)hydrazine-1-carbothioamide (BIPHC)). The synthesis of HSA-BIPHC nanoparticles was achieved using a desolvation process. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis showed the average size of HSA-BIPHC nanoparticles was 80.21 nm. The percentages of entrapment efficacy, loading capacity and production yield were 98.11%, 9.77% and 91.29%, respectively. An In vitro release study revealed that HSA-BIPHC nanoparticles displayed fast dissolution at pH 7.4 compared to pH …


Modified Toulmin's Argumentation Model Based On Prior Experiences, Ali Hadi Hasan, Mohamad Ab. Saleh, Ahmed T. Sadiq 2024 Department of Software, College of Information Technology, University of Babylon , Babylon, IRAQ

Modified Toulmin's Argumentation Model Based On Prior Experiences, Ali Hadi Hasan, Mohamad Ab. Saleh, Ahmed T. Sadiq

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

Our work focuses on the usefulness of previously stored correct extracted results, which form a sort of stored knowledge got from previous experiences, from enhancing Toulmin's argument model that deals with drug conflict problems in therapeutic diagnostics. New patients are entered using friendly user interface to store in files and then they are matched with the records of previous results, patients’ symptoms and histories datasets which also contain the correct best drugs extracted results. If the new entered record of a patient is matching with any previous record then the correct result of drug will be found immediately and displayed. …


A Meta-Ensemble Predictive Model For The Risk Of Lung Cancer, Sideeqoh Oluwaseun Olawale-Shosanya, Olayinka Olufunmilayo Olusanya, Adeyemi Omotayo Joseph, Kabir Oluwatobi Idowu, Oyelade Babatunde Eriwa, Adedeji Oladimeji Adebare, Morufat Adebola Usman 2024 Department of Computer Science, Tai Solarin University of Education, Ijagun, Ogun State, Nigeria

A Meta-Ensemble Predictive Model For The Risk Of Lung Cancer, Sideeqoh Oluwaseun Olawale-Shosanya, Olayinka Olufunmilayo Olusanya, Adeyemi Omotayo Joseph, Kabir Oluwatobi Idowu, Oyelade Babatunde Eriwa, Adedeji Oladimeji Adebare, Morufat Adebola Usman

Al-Bahir Journal for Engineering and Pure Sciences

The lungs play a vital role in supplying oxygen to every cell, filtering air to prevent harmful substances, and supporting defense mechanisms. However, they remain susceptible to the risk of diseases such as infections, inflammation, and cancer that affect the lungs. Meta-ensemble techniques are prominent methods used in machine learning to enhance the accuracy of classifier learning systems in making predictions. This work proposes a robust predictive model using a meta-ensemble method to identify high-risk individuals with lung cancer, thereby taking early action to prevent long-term problems benchmarked upon the Kaggle Machine Learning practitioners' Lung Cancer Dataset. Three machine learning …


Ai's Ethical Frontier, 2024 DePaul University

Ai's Ethical Frontier

DePaul Magazine

Artificial intelligence (AI) is affecting every aspect of the university and society. Experts from across DePaul share their insights on artificial intelligence's advantages and pitfalls. Learn about DePaul's new Artificial Intelligence Institute and research projects that use AI for societal benefit.


Machines Of The Absurd: Leveraging Generative Ai For Creativity, Humor, And Playfulness, Tyler Sanders 2024 DePaul University

Machines Of The Absurd: Leveraging Generative Ai For Creativity, Humor, And Playfulness, Tyler Sanders

College of Computing and Digital Media Dissertations

Machines of The Absurd is a collection of four projects exploring how generative AI can be leveraged for creativity, humor and playfulness.

1. neverOS — A node-based visual playground for interacting with large language models.

2. Other Calc — An iOS app with a calculator interface, where players can “calculate” text instead of numbers.

3. What Must Burn — An experiment where players type in text that can be dragged into a campfire to produce contextually appropriate sound effects.

4. Jazz vs Waffles — A turn-based comedy game, where players battle anything they type in.

Together, these projects make the …


Evaluating The Basement Design Of Low-Rise Building With Two-Stage Analysis Using Bim Integration: Hangar Study Case, Given Tohho, Jessica Sjah, Ayomi Dita Rarasati, Bambang Trigunarsyah 2024 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Evaluating The Basement Design Of Low-Rise Building With Two-Stage Analysis Using Bim Integration: Hangar Study Case, Given Tohho, Jessica Sjah, Ayomi Dita Rarasati, Bambang Trigunarsyah

Smart City

Building Information Modelling (BIM) has revolutionized the way the construction industry designs, constructs, and manages buildings. Certainly, the utilization of BIM can optimize the usage of materials in a construction project, considering the high level of concrete consumption globally and its significant environmental impact. The implementation of BIM is intended to calculate the volume of concrete and steel material usage in the design process of low-rise buildings with basements, exemplified in this case by a 5-story laboratory hangar with a 1-story basement. The building design is carried out through a two-stage analysis, which involves separating the upper portion from the …


Back To The Future: A Case For The Resurgence Of Approximation Theory For Enabling Data Driven “Intelligence”, Michael Dominic Ciocco 2024 Rowan University

Back To The Future: A Case For The Resurgence Of Approximation Theory For Enabling Data Driven “Intelligence”, Michael Dominic Ciocco

Theses and Dissertations

Artificial Intelligence (AI) has exploded into mainstream consciousness with commercial investments exceeding $90 billion in the last year alone. Inasmuch as consumer-facing applications such ChatGPT offer astounding access to algorithms that were hitherto restricted to academic research labs, public focus of attention on AI has created an avalanche of misinformation. The nexus of investor-driven hype, “surprising” inaccuracies in the answers provided by AI models – now anthropomorphically labeled as “hallucinations”, and impending legislation by well-meaning and concerned governments has resulted in a crisis of confidence in the science of AI. The primary driver for AI’s recent growth is the convergence …


An Alternative Approach To Data Carving Portable Document Format (Pdf) Files, Kevin Hughes, Michael Black 2024 University of South Alabama

An Alternative Approach To Data Carving Portable Document Format (Pdf) Files, Kevin Hughes, Michael Black

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Traditional data carving relies on the successful identification of headers and trailers, unique hexadecimal signatures which are exclusive to specific file types. This can present a challenge for digital forensics examiners when pitted against modern anti-forensics techniques. The interest of this study is file signature obfuscation, a technique which alters headers and trailers. This research will focus on the development of a new, proof-of-concept algorithm that analyzes content in segments based on unique elements found within the body of a file. The file type being targeted is the Portable Document Format (PDF) and this research is built upon previously successful …


To Protect Or To Hide: An Investigation On Corporate Redacted Disclosure Motives Under New Fast Act Regulation, Yan MA, Qian MAO, Nan HU 2024 Xi'an Jiaotong University

To Protect Or To Hide: An Investigation On Corporate Redacted Disclosure Motives Under New Fast Act Regulation, Yan Ma, Qian Mao, Nan Hu

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

China adopted amendments allowing companies to redact filings without prior approval in 2016. Leveraging this change as a quasi-nature experiment, we explore whether managers utilize redacted information to withhold bad information in the more lenient regulatory environment. Our investigation uncovers a significant shift in managerial behavior: Since 2016, managers incline to employ redactions to obscure negative news rather than safeguarding proprietary data. Furthermore, we find that the poorer firm performance and a higher cost of equity are associated with the redacted disclosures after 2016, suggesting that investors perceive an increase in firm-specific risk attributed to withholding bad news through redactions.


Lang2views Capstone: The Importance Of A Conscientious Team Lead, Joseph D. Wornath 2024 Portland State University

Lang2views Capstone: The Importance Of A Conscientious Team Lead, Joseph D. Wornath

University Honors Theses

This review essay reflects the Lang2views capstone project from the perspective of a team lead. The Lang2views capstone project was a web-based user interface designed to simplify how the Lang2views corporation localizes videos into other languages for their clients. Our capstone group was split into three subgroups: front-end, back-end, and DevOps. The strategy for completing the project went through a major change midway through development wherein we changed our software development methodology from a more rigid Waterfall-type approach to a more flexible Agile methodology. Because of this, many of the initially planned features had to be reevaluated as out of …


For Discrete-Time Linear Dynamical Systems Under Interval Uncertainty, Predicting Two Moments Ahead Is Np-Hard, Luc Jaulin, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2024 ENSTA-Bretagne

For Discrete-Time Linear Dynamical Systems Under Interval Uncertainty, Predicting Two Moments Ahead Is Np-Hard, Luc Jaulin, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

In the first approximation, when changes are small, most real-world systems are described by linear dynamical equations. If we know the initial state of the system, and we know its dynamics, then we can, in principle, predict the system's state many moments ahead. In practice, however, we usually know both the initial state and the coefficients of the system's dynamics with some uncertainty. Frequently, we encounter interval uncertainty, when for each parameter, we only know its range, but we have no information about the probability of different values from this range. In such situations, we want to know the range …


What To Do If An Inflexible Tolerance Problem Has No Solutions: Probabilistic Justification Of Piegat's Semi-Heuristic Idea, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2024 The University of Texas at El Paso

What To Do If An Inflexible Tolerance Problem Has No Solutions: Probabilistic Justification Of Piegat's Semi-Heuristic Idea, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

In many practical situations, it is desirable to select the control parameters x1, ..., xn in such a way that the resulting quantities y1, ..., ym of the system lie within desired ranges. In such situations, we usually know the general formulas describing the dependence of yi on xj, but the coefficients of these formulas are usually only known with interval uncertainty. In such a situation, we want to find the tuples for which all yi's are in the desired intervals for all possible tuples of coefficients. But what if no such parameters are possible? Since we cannot guarantee the …


How To Make Ai More Reliable, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2024 The University of Texas at El Paso

How To Make Ai More Reliable, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

One of the reasons why the results of the current AI methods (especially deep-learning-based methods) are not absolutely reliable is that, in contrast to more traditional data processing techniques which are based on solid mathematical and statistical foundations, modern AI techniques use a lot of semi-heuristic methods. These methods have been, in many cases, empirically successful, but the absence of solid justification makes us less certain that these methods will work in other cases as well. To make AI more reliable, it is therefore necessary to provide mathematical foundations for the current semi-heuristic techniques. In this paper, we show that …


Why Magenta Is Not A Real Color, And How It Is Related To Fuzzy Control And Quantum Computing, Victor L. Timchenko, Yuriy P. Kondratenko, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2024 Admiral Makarov National University of Shipbuilding

Why Magenta Is Not A Real Color, And How It Is Related To Fuzzy Control And Quantum Computing, Victor L. Timchenko, Yuriy P. Kondratenko, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

It is well known that every color can be represented as a combination of three basic colors: red, green, and blue. In particular, we can get several colors by combining two of the basic colors. Interestingly, while a combination of two neighboring colors leads to a color that corresponds to a certain frequency, the combination of two non-neighboring colors -- red and blue -- leads to magenta, a color that does not correspond to any frequency. In this paper, we provide a simple explanation for this phenomenon, and we also show that a similar phenomenon happens in two other areas …


How To Propagate Uncertainty Via Ai Algorithms, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2024 The University of Texas at El Paso

How To Propagate Uncertainty Via Ai Algorithms, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Any data processing starts with measurement results. Measurement results are never absolutely accurate. Because of this measurement uncertainty, the results of processing measurement results are, in general, somewhat different from what we would have obtained if we knew the exact values of the measured quantities. To make a decision based on the result of data processing, we need to know how accurate is this result, i.e., we need to propagate the measurement uncertainty through the data processing algorithm. There are many techniques for uncertainty propagation. Usually, they involve applying the same data processing algorithm several times to appropriately modified data. …


Why Empirical Membership Functions Are Well-Approximated By Piecewise Quadratic Functions: Theoretical Explanation For Empirical Formulas Of Novak's Fuzzy Natural Logic, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2024 The University of Texas at El Paso

Why Empirical Membership Functions Are Well-Approximated By Piecewise Quadratic Functions: Theoretical Explanation For Empirical Formulas Of Novak's Fuzzy Natural Logic, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

Empirical analysis shows that membership functions describing expert opinions have a shape that is well described by a smooth combination of two quadratic segments. In this paper, we provide a theoretical explanation for this empirical phenomenon.


Why Is Grade Distribution Often Bimodal? Why Individualized Teaching Adds Two Sigmas To The Average Grade? And How Are These Facts Related?, Christian Servin, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich 2024 El Paso Community College

Why Is Grade Distribution Often Bimodal? Why Individualized Teaching Adds Two Sigmas To The Average Grade? And How Are These Facts Related?, Christian Servin, Olga Kosheleva, Vladik Kreinovich

Departmental Technical Reports (CS)

To make education more effective, to better use emerging technologies in education, we need to better understand the education process, to gain insights on this process. How can we check whether a new idea is indeed a useful insight? A natural criterion is that the new idea should explain some previously-difficult-to-explain empirical phenomenon. Since one of the main advantages of emerging educational technologies -- such as AI -- is the possibility of individualized education, a natural phenomenon to explain is the fact -- discovered by Benjamin Bloom -- that individualization adds two sigmas to the average grade. In this paper, …


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