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Detection And Classification Of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Deep Learning Models, Aishat Olatunji 2024 East Tennessee State University

Detection And Classification Of Diabetic Retinopathy Using Deep Learning Models, Aishat Olatunji

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Healthcare analytics leverages extensive patient data for data-driven decision-making, enhancing patient care and results. Diabetic Retinopathy (DR), a complication of diabetes, stems from damage to the retina’s blood vessels. It can affect both type 1 and type 2 diabetes patients. Ophthalmologists employ retinal images for accurate DR diagnosis and severity assessment. Early detection is crucial for preserving vision and minimizing risks. In this context, we utilized a Kaggle dataset containing patient retinal images, employing Python’s versatile tools. Our research focuses on DR detection using deep learning techniques. We used a publicly available dataset to apply our proposed neural network and …


Detection Of Jamming Attacks In Vanets, Thomas Justice 2024 East Tennessee State University

Detection Of Jamming Attacks In Vanets, Thomas Justice

Undergraduate Honors Theses

A vehicular network is a type of communication network that enables vehicles to communicate with each other and the roadside infrastructure. The roadside infrastructure consists of fixed nodes such as roadside units (RSUs), traffic lights, road signs, toll booths, and so on. RSUs are devices equipped with communication capabilities that allow vehicles to obtain and share real-time information about traffic conditions, weather, road hazards, and other relevant information. These infrastructures assist in traffic management, emergency response, smart parking, autonomous driving, and public transportation to improve roadside safety, reduce traffic congestion, and enhance the overall driving experience. However, communication between the …


Decentralized Unknown Building Exploration By Frontier Incentivization And Voronoi Segmentation In A Communication Restricted Domain, Huzeyfe M. Kocabas 2024 Utah State University

Decentralized Unknown Building Exploration By Frontier Incentivization And Voronoi Segmentation In A Communication Restricted Domain, Huzeyfe M. Kocabas

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Exploring unknown environments using multiple robots poses a complex challenge, particularly in situations where communication between robots is either impossible or limited. Existing exploration techniques exhibit research gaps due to unrealistic communication assumptions or the computational complexities associated with exploration strategies in unfamiliar domains. In our investigation of multi-robot exploration in unknown areas, we employed various exploration and coordination techniques, evaluating their performance in terms of robustness and efficiency across different levels of environmental complexity.

Our research is centered on optimizing the exploration process through strategic agent distribution. We initially address the challenge of city roadway coverage, aiming to minimize …


Pedestrian Pathing Prediction Using Complex Contextual Behavioral Data In High Foot Traffic Settings, Laurel Bingham 2024 Utah State University

Pedestrian Pathing Prediction Using Complex Contextual Behavioral Data In High Foot Traffic Settings, Laurel Bingham

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations, Fall 2023 to Present

Ensuring the safe integration of autonomous vehicles into real-world environments requires a comprehensive understanding of pedestrian behavior. This study addresses the challenge of predicting the movement and crossing intentions of pedestrians, a crucial aspect in the development of fully autonomous vehicles.

The research focuses on leveraging Honda's TITAN dataset, comprising 700 unique clips captured by moving vehicles in high-foot-traffic areas of Tokyo, Japan. Each clip provides detailed contextual information, including human-labeled tags for individuals and vehicles, encompassing attributes such as age, motion status, and communicative actions. Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) networks were employed and trained on various combinations of contextual …


Learning Adversarial Semantic Embeddings For Zero-Shot Recognition In Open Worlds, Tianqi LI, Guansong PANG, Xiao BAI, Jin ZHENG, Lei ZHOU, Xin NING 2024 Singapore Management University

Learning Adversarial Semantic Embeddings For Zero-Shot Recognition In Open Worlds, Tianqi Li, Guansong Pang, Xiao Bai, Jin Zheng, Lei Zhou, Xin Ning

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Zero-Shot Learning (ZSL) focuses on classifying samples of unseen classes with only their side semantic information presented during training. It cannot handle real-life, open-world scenarios where there are test samples of unknown classes for which neither samples (e.g., images) nor their side semantic information is known during training. Open-Set Recognition (OSR) is dedicated to addressing the unknown class issue, but existing OSR methods are not designed to model the semantic information of the unseen classes. To tackle this combined ZSL and OSR problem, we consider the case of “Zero-Shot Open-Set Recognition” (ZS-OSR), where a model is trained under the ZSL …


Exploring Practical Measures As An Approach For Measuring Elementary Students’ Attitudes Towards Computer Science, Umar Shehzad, Mimi M. Recker, Jody E. Clarke-Midura 2024 Utah State University

Exploring Practical Measures As An Approach For Measuring Elementary Students’ Attitudes Towards Computer Science, Umar Shehzad, Mimi M. Recker, Jody E. Clarke-Midura

Publications

This paper presents a novel approach for predicting the outcomes of elementary students’ participation in computer science (CS) instruction by using exit tickets, a type of practical measure, where students provide rapid feedback on their instructional experiences. Such feedback can help teachers to inform ongoing teaching and instructional practices. We fit a Structural Equation Model to examine whether students' perceptions of enjoyment, ease, and connections between mathematics and CS in an integrated lesson predicted their affective outcomes in self-efficacy, interest, and CS identity, collected in a pre- post- survey. We found that practical measures can validly measure student experiences.


Stopguess: A Framework For Public-Key Authenticated Encryption With Keyword Search, Tao XIANG, Zhongming WANG, Biwen CHEN, Xiaoguo LI, Peng WANG, Fei CHEN 2024 Singapore Management University

Stopguess: A Framework For Public-Key Authenticated Encryption With Keyword Search, Tao Xiang, Zhongming Wang, Biwen Chen, Xiaoguo Li, Peng Wang, Fei Chen

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Public key encryption with keyword search (PEKS) allows users to search on encrypted data without leaking the keyword information from the ciphertexts. But it does not preserve keyword privacy within the trapdoors, because an adversary (e.g., untrusted server) might launch inside keyword-guessing attacks (IKGA) to guess keywords from the trapdoors. In recent years, public key authenticated encryption with keyword search (PAEKS) has become a promising primitive to counter the IKGA. However, existing PAEKS schemes focus on the concrete construction of PAEKS, making them unable to support modular construction, intuitive proof, or flexible extension. In this paper, our proposal called “StopGuess” …


Simulated Annealing With Reinforcement Learning For The Set Team Orienteering Problem With Time Windows, Vincent F. YU, Nabila Y. SALSABILA, Shih-W LIN, Aldy GUNAWAN 2024 Singapore Management University

Simulated Annealing With Reinforcement Learning For The Set Team Orienteering Problem With Time Windows, Vincent F. Yu, Nabila Y. Salsabila, Shih-W Lin, Aldy Gunawan

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

This research investigates the Set Team Orienteering Problem with Time Windows (STOPTW), a new variant of the well-known Team Orienteering Problem with Time Windows and Set Orienteering Problem. In the STOPTW, customers are grouped into clusters. Each cluster is associated with a profit attainable when a customer in the cluster is visited within the customer's time window. A Mixed Integer Linear Programming model is formulated for STOPTW to maximizing total profit while adhering to time window constraints. Since STOPTW is an NP-hard problem, a Simulated Annealing with Reinforcement Learning (SARL) algorithm is developed. The proposed SARL incorporates the core concepts …


Transiam: Aggregating Multi-Modal Visual Features With Locality For Medical Image Segmentation, Xuejian LI, Shiqiang MA, Junhai XU, Jijun TANG, Shengfeng HE, Fei GUO 2024 Central South University

Transiam: Aggregating Multi-Modal Visual Features With Locality For Medical Image Segmentation, Xuejian Li, Shiqiang Ma, Junhai Xu, Jijun Tang, Shengfeng He, Fei Guo

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Automatic segmentation of medical images plays an important role in the diagnosis of diseases. On single-modal data, convolutional neural networks have demonstrated satisfactory performance. However, multi-modal data encompasses a greater amount of information rather than single-modal data. Multi-modal data can be effectively used to improve the segmentation accuracy of regions of interest by analyzing both spatial and temporal information. In this study, we propose a dual-path segmentation model for multi-modal medical images, named TranSiam. Taking into account that there is a significant diversity between the different modalities, TranSiam employs two parallel CNNs to extract the features which are specific to …


Screening Through A Broad Pool: Towards Better Diversity For Lexically Constrained Text Generation, Changsen YUAN, Heyan HUANG, Yixin CAO, Qianwen CAO 2024 Singapore Management University

Screening Through A Broad Pool: Towards Better Diversity For Lexically Constrained Text Generation, Changsen Yuan, Heyan Huang, Yixin Cao, Qianwen Cao

Research Collection School Of Computing and Information Systems

Lexically constrained text generation (CTG) is to generate text that contains given constrained keywords. However, the text diversity of existing models is still unsatisfactory. In this paper, we propose a lightweight dynamic refinement strategy that aims at increasing the randomness of inference to improve generation richness and diversity while maintaining a high level of fluidity and integrity. Our basic idea is to enlarge the number and length of candidate sentences in each iteration, and choose the best for subsequent refinement. On the one hand, different from previous works, which carefully insert one token between two words per action, we insert …


Butterworth Filter To Reduce Reactivity Fluctuations, Daniel Suescún-Díaz, Geraldyne Ule-Duque, Luis E. Cardoso-Páez 2024 Department of Natural Sciences, Avenida Pastrana, Universidad Surcolombiana, Neiva, Huila, Colombia

Butterworth Filter To Reduce Reactivity Fluctuations, Daniel Suescún-Díaz, Geraldyne Ule-Duque, Luis E. Cardoso-Páez

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

In this study, we introduce the calculation of reactivity in nuclear reactors. The proposed method uses the Euler-Maclaurin series to approximate the integral in the inverse equation of point kinetics. The approximation is done with the first three terms, the first term represents the approximation of a zero-order sum, the second term the trapezoidal rule and the third term the first Bernoulli number. These three terms improve the approximation, along with an estimate of the neutron density using the prompt jump approximation. To reduce neutron density fluctuations, a second-order Butterworth filter for the reactivity calculation was implemented, which offers the …


Sustainability Considerations Of Generative A.I., Thomas Pantazes 2024 West Chester University of Pennsylvania

Sustainability Considerations Of Generative A.I., Thomas Pantazes

Sustainability Research & Practice Seminar Presentations

Dr. Thomas Pantazes of the WCU Teaching and Learning Center shares Sustainability Considerations of Generative A.I.


Mri Image Regression Cnn For Bone Marrow Lesion Volume Prediction, Kevin Yanagisawa 2024 Rowan University

Mri Image Regression Cnn For Bone Marrow Lesion Volume Prediction, Kevin Yanagisawa

Theses and Dissertations

Bone marrow lesions (BMLs), occurs from fluid build up in the soft tissues inside your bone. This can be seen on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans and is characterized by excess water signals in the bone marrow space. This disease is commonly caused by osteoarthritis (OA), a degenerative join disease where tissues within the joint breakdown over time [1]. These BMLs are an emerging target for OA, as they are commonly related to pain and worsening of the diseased area until surgical intervention is required [2]–[4]. In order to assess the BMLs, MRIs were utilized as input into a regression …


Machine Learning Model And Molecular Docking For Screening Medicinal Plants As Hiv-1 Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, Muthia Rahayu Iresha, Firdayani Firdayani, Agam Wira Sani, Nihayatul Karimah, Shelvi Listiana, Irfansyah Yudhi Tanasa, Arief Sartono, Ayu Masyita 2024 Research Center for Vaccine and Drugs, National Research and Innovation Agency (BRIN), South Tangerang, Indonesia

Machine Learning Model And Molecular Docking For Screening Medicinal Plants As Hiv-1 Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors, Muthia Rahayu Iresha, Firdayani Firdayani, Agam Wira Sani, Nihayatul Karimah, Shelvi Listiana, Irfansyah Yudhi Tanasa, Arief Sartono, Ayu Masyita

Karbala International Journal of Modern Science

The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) plays a significant role in viral replication and is one of the targets for anti-HIV. However, a mutation in viral strains rapidly developed the resistance of the com-pounds to the protein, reducing the effectiveness of the inhibitors. This work seeks to utilize machine learning-based quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis in combination with molecular docking simulations to forecast the presence of active compounds derived from medicinal plants. Specifically, the objective is to identify com-pounds that have the potential to operate as inhibitors of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT), encompassing both wild-type and …


Emergent Ai, Jillian A. Bick 2024 Gettysburg College

Emergent Ai, Jillian A. Bick

CAFE Symposium 2024

For many years, artificial intelligence (AI) was considered to be limited in its abilities due to being confined to a pre-defined set of data. Currently, however, AI models have grown in complexity and size, leading to some previously impossible behaviors. These behaviors, known as "emergent AI behaviors," are unpredictable and not pre-programmed. Their existence suggests that AI is expanding in adaptability and may one day rival human intelligence. Media often portrays AI as having emotions and having the ability to operate autonomously, but what behaviors are AI really capable of?


Cybernetics: How It Compares To Science-Fiction And Future Possibilities, Anindo Majumder 2024 Gettysburg College

Cybernetics: How It Compares To Science-Fiction And Future Possibilities, Anindo Majumder

CAFE Symposium 2024

Cybernetics is a branch of science that studies how information is communicated in machines and electronic equipment compared to how information is communicated in the brain and nervous system. It also relates to the theory of automatic control and physiology, particularly the physiology of the nervous system. Usage of cybernetics is very popular in various science-fiction medium. This naturally leads one to be curious if its depictions might turn into reality one day. This research paper delves into the growth of cybernetics since its inception, current applications of cybernetics, and what the future might hold.


Board Of Directors Role In Data Privacy Governance: Making The Transition From Compliance Driven To Good Business Stewardship, David Warner, Lisa McKee 2024 University Colorado Colorado Springs

Board Of Directors Role In Data Privacy Governance: Making The Transition From Compliance Driven To Good Business Stewardship, David Warner, Lisa Mckee

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

Data collection, use, leveraging, and sharing as a business practice and advantage has proliferated over the past decade. Along with this proliferation of data collection is the increase in regulatory activity which continues to morph exponentially around the globe. Adding to this complexity are the increasing business disruptions, productivity and revenue losses, settlements, fines, and penalties which can amount to over $15 million, with many penalties now being ascribed to the organization’s leadership, to include the Board of Directors (BoD), the CEO and members of the senior leadership team (SLT). Thus, boards of directors can no longer ignore and in …


Privacy Principles And Harms: Balancing Protection And Innovation, Samuel Aiello 2024 Dakota State University

Privacy Principles And Harms: Balancing Protection And Innovation, Samuel Aiello

Journal of Cybersecurity Education, Research and Practice

In today's digitally connected world, privacy has transformed from a fundamental human right into a multifaceted challenge. As technology enables the seamless exchange of information, the need to protect personal data has grown exponentially. Privacy has emerged as a critical concern in the digital age, as technological advancements continue to reshape how personal information is collected, stored, and utilized. This paper delves into the fundamental principles of privacy and explores the potential harm that can arise from the mishandling of personal data. It emphasizes the delicate balance between safeguarding individuals' privacy rights and fostering innovation in a data-driven society. By …


Traffic Signal Optimization Using Multiobjective Linear Programming For Oversaturated Traffic Conditions, Mustafa Murat COŞKUN, Cevat ŞENER, İsmail Hakkı TOROSLU 2024 TÜBİTAK

Traffic Signal Optimization Using Multiobjective Linear Programming For Oversaturated Traffic Conditions, Mustafa Murat Coşkun, Cevat Şener, İsmail Hakkı Toroslu

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this study, we present a framework designed to optimize signals at intersections experiencing oversaturated traffic conditions, utilizing mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) techniques. The proposed MILP solutions were developed with different objective functions, namely a reduction in the total remaining queue and fair distribution of the remaining queue after each signal cycle. Our framework contains two distinct stages. The initial stage applies two distinct MILP methodologies, while the subsequent stage employs a neighborhood search method to further reduce the delays associated with the green signal timings derived from the first stage. Ultimately, to evaluate their effectiveness across various intersections, we …


Error Performance Enhancement And Complexity Reduction In Ofdm Systems Via Coordinate Interleaving Under Practical Impairments, Mustafa Anıl REŞAT, Armed TUSHA, Seda Doğan TUSHA, Serdar ÖZYURT, Hüseyin ARSLAN 2024 TÜBİTAK

Error Performance Enhancement And Complexity Reduction In Ofdm Systems Via Coordinate Interleaving Under Practical Impairments, Mustafa Anıl Reşat, Armed Tusha, Seda Doğan Tusha, Serdar Özyurt, Hüseyin Arslan

Turkish Journal of Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences

In this work, subcarrier coordinate interleaving (CI) is implemented to orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems with the aim of both enhancing the error performance and reducing the implementation complexity. To this end, the modulated symbols are independently chosen from a modified M-ary amplitude-shift keying signal constellation under a specific CI strategy. In addition to doubling the diversity level of the original OFDM scheme, the adopted CI approach also drastically reduces the inverse fast Fourier transform (IFFT) size at the transmit side by guaranteeing the first half of the input vector to be identical with the second half at the …


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