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Explorations In Homeoviscous Adaptation And Mass Spectral Analysis Of Membrane Lipids, Michael Douglas Timmons 2010 University of Kentucky

Explorations In Homeoviscous Adaptation And Mass Spectral Analysis Of Membrane Lipids, Michael Douglas Timmons

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

The focus of this dissertation is centered on the mass spectral analysis of lipids and changes occurring in keeping with the concept of homeoviscous adaptation [1]. Homeoviscous adaptation is the process of modification of membrane lipids in response to environmental stimuli [1]. Dissertation investigations applied this concept to prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms, and expanded the perception of environmental factors from exogenous organic solvents to intracellular environment.

The field of lipidomics deals with the analysis of phospholipid and fatty acid components of membranes the changes that occur due to environmental stimuli and their biological significance [2-6]. The high sensitivity of mass ...


Functionalization Of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes In Epoxy Composites, Chris Fitzwater 2010 University of Kentucky

Functionalization Of Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes In Epoxy Composites, Chris Fitzwater

University of Kentucky Master's Theses

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) are a relatively new allotrope of carbon that have potentially useful properties that may improve polymer composites. The work of this thesis explores the interactions between MWNTs and functionalized MWNTs within epoxy matrix and the properties of the MWNT/epoxy composite. These interactions were characterized with an emphasis on finding how well the MWNT/epoxy composite flows and how conductive it is after curing.


Non-Portland Cement Activation Of Blast Furnace Slag, Anne Elizabeth Oberlink 2010 University of Kentucky

Non-Portland Cement Activation Of Blast Furnace Slag, Anne Elizabeth Oberlink

University of Kentucky Master's Theses

The purpose of this project was to produce a “greener” cement from granulated ground blast furnace slag (GGBS) using non-Portland cement activation. By eventually developing “greener” cement, the ultimate goal of this research project would be to reduce the amount of Portland cement used in concrete, therefore reducing the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere during cement production.

This research studies the behavior of mineral binders that do not contain Portland cement but instead comprise GGBS activated by calcium compounds or fluidized bed combustion (FBC) bottom ash. The information described in this paper was collected from experiments including ...


Hygroscopic Growth And Deliquescence Of Nacl Nanoparticles Mixed With Surfactant Sds, Christopher W. Harmon, Ronald L. Grimm, Theresa M. McIntire, Mark D. Peterson, Bosiljka Njegic, Vanessa M. Angel, Ahmad Alshawa, Joelle S. Underwood, Douglas J. Tobias, R. Benny Gerber, Mark S. Gordon, John C. Hemminger, Sergey A. Nizkorodov 2010 University of California - Irvine

Hygroscopic Growth And Deliquescence Of Nacl Nanoparticles Mixed With Surfactant Sds, Christopher W. Harmon, Ronald L. Grimm, Theresa M. Mcintire, Mark D. Peterson, Bosiljka Njegic, Vanessa M. Angel, Ahmad Alshawa, Joelle S. Underwood, Douglas J. Tobias, R. Benny Gerber, Mark S. Gordon, John C. Hemminger, Sergey A. Nizkorodov

Chemistry Publications

Several complementary experimental and theoretical methodologies were used to explore water uptake on sodium chloride (NaCl) particles containing varying amounts of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) to elucidate the interaction of water with well-defined, environmentally relevant surfaces. Experiments probed the hygroscopic growth of mixed SDS/NaCl nanoparticles that were generated by electrospraying aqueous 2 g/L solutions containing SDS and NaCl with relative NaCl/SDS weight fractions of 0, 5, 11, 23, or 50 wt/wt %. Particles with mobility-equivalent diameters of 14.0(±0.2) nm were size selected and their hygroscopic growth was monitored by a tandem nano-differential mobility analyzer ...


Transition Metal-Mediated Higher-Order Cycloaddition Reactions: Application To The Total Synthesis Of Complex Natural Products, Bilal Abou Aleiwi 2010 Wayne State University

Transition Metal-Mediated Higher-Order Cycloaddition Reactions: Application To The Total Synthesis Of Complex Natural Products, Bilal Abou Aleiwi

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

TRANSITION METAL-MEDIATED HIGHER-ORDER CYCLOADDITION REACTIONS: APPLICATION TO THE TOTAL SYNTHESIS OF COMPLEX NATURAL PRODUCTS

by

BILAL ABOU ALEIWI

October 2010

Advisor: Dr. James H. Rigby

Major: Chemistry (Organic)

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

Chromium (0)-mediated [6ð + 2ð] and [6ð + 2ð + 2ð] cycloaddition reactions between cyclic trienes and alkynes is reported. The development, investigation and the application of these reactions in the total synthesis of complex ring systems and natural products is described. Two natural products, namely, ∆ 9(12) -Capnellene and Echinopines A and B were targeted.

An investigation led to the successful development of a methodology to form the ...


I-Kinetic And Mechanistic Investigations Of Amino Acid Substrates Reactivities With Ferryl Species, Ahmed Ibrahim Youssef Abouelatta 2010 Wayne State University

I-Kinetic And Mechanistic Investigations Of Amino Acid Substrates Reactivities With Ferryl Species, Ahmed Ibrahim Youssef Abouelatta

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

I-KINETIC AND MECHANISTIC INVESTIGATIONS OF AMINO ACID SUBSTRATES REACTIVITIES WITH FERRYL SPECIES

II-SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF DERIVATIVES OF THE BN-TPEN LIGAND AND THEIR METAL COMPLEXES

by

AHMED IBRAHIM YOUSSEF ABOUELATTA

MAY 2011

Advisor: Dr. Jeremy Jacob Kodanko

Major: Chemistry (Organic)

Degree: Doctor of philosophy

The reactivity of tryptophan, methionine, aspartic acid, glutamic acid, histidine and hydrochloride salt of lysine amino acid substrates with the N4Py ferryl species was studied by UV-vis spectroscopy and product characterization. Based on kinetic isotope effect studies and product analysis, an ET-PT mechanism was proposed for the reaction of tryptophan substrate with N4Py ferryl and ...


Experimental And Theoretical Analysis Of The Electronic Behavior In Five-Coordinate Iron(Iii) And Six-Coordinate Cobalt(Iii) Complexes With Electroactive Phenol-Rich Ligands, Marco Mathieu Allard 2010 Wayne State University

Experimental And Theoretical Analysis Of The Electronic Behavior In Five-Coordinate Iron(Iii) And Six-Coordinate Cobalt(Iii) Complexes With Electroactive Phenol-Rich Ligands, Marco Mathieu Allard

Wayne State University Dissertations

Three 5 coordinate high-spin Iron(III) complexes containing pentadentate N2O5 ligands were synthesized and characterized, namely, (1) [FeIII(L1)] and (2) [FeIII(L2)]. Structural differences in ligand design,N,N,N'-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)benzene-1,2-diamine for (1) and N,N,N'-tris-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)-N'-methyl-benzene-1,2-diamine for (2), result in complexes that due to their forced geometry, asymmetry, and slightly different electronic structures are able to foster phenoxyl radicals although show a sensitive dependence to both the solvent and the electrolyte system in the cyclic voltammetry. In the presence of TBAClO4 (1) exhibits a two-electron oxidation, whereas in ...


Synthetic Levers Enabling Control Of Phase, Size And Morphology In Transition Metal Phosphide Nanoparticles (Fe, Ni), Elayaraja Muthuswamy 2010 Wayne State University

Synthetic Levers Enabling Control Of Phase, Size And Morphology In Transition Metal Phosphide Nanoparticles (Fe, Ni), Elayaraja Muthuswamy

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

SYNTHETIC LEVERS ENABLING CONTROL OF PHASE, SIZE AND MORPHOLOGY IN TRANSITION METAL PHOSPHIDE NANOPARTICLES (FE, NI)

by

ELAYARAJA MUTHUSWAMY

May 2011

Advisor:Dr. Stephanie L. Brock

Major: Chemistry

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

This dissertation study focuses on (1) development of a synthetic strategy to control phase in nanoscale iron phosphides; (2) extension of the developed phase control strategy to the nanoscale nickel phosphide system with simultaneous control on size and morphology and (3) illustration of the enhanced reactivity of nanoscale oxide systems.

A synthetic strategy to control phase in nanoscale iron phosphides was developed to prepare phase-pure samples of ...


The Synthesis, Structure, And Properties Of Group 2 Poly(Pyrazolyl)Borates And Their Use For The Atomic Layer Deposition Of Group 2 Borates, Mark J. Saly 2010 Wayne State University

The Synthesis, Structure, And Properties Of Group 2 Poly(Pyrazolyl)Borates And Their Use For The Atomic Layer Deposition Of Group 2 Borates, Mark J. Saly

Wayne State University Dissertations

A series of heavy alkaline earth complexes containing TpR2-based ligands has been synthesized, structurally characterized, and their properties were investigated. Salt metathesis routes involving MI2 (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) with either KTpEt2 or KTpnPr2 afforded MTpEt22 or MTpnPr22 in good to moderate yields. All of these complexes are volatile and exceptionally thermally stable, and have acceptable properties for use as group 2 atomic layer deposition (ALD) precursors. In addition, a series of group 2 complexes containing BpR2-based ligand systems were synthesized. Treatment of MI2 (M = Ca, Sr, Ba) with two equivalents of TlBptBu2, KBp, and KBpiPr2 in tetrahydrofuran at ambient ...


Development And Applications Of Thioacids In Peptide Chemistry And Exploration Of Methods Toward The Stereochemical Elucidation And Synthesis Of Virgineone, Kasinath Sana 2010 Wayne State University

Development And Applications Of Thioacids In Peptide Chemistry And Exploration Of Methods Toward The Stereochemical Elucidation And Synthesis Of Virgineone, Kasinath Sana

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

DEVELOPMENT AND APPLICATIONS OF THIOACIDS IN PEPTIDE CHEMISTRY AND EXPLORATION OF METHODS TOWARD THE STEREOCHEMICAL ELUCIDATION AND SYNTHESIS OF VIRGINEONE

by

KASINATH SANA

December 2010

Advisor: David Crich

Major: Chemistry

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

This dissertation describes investigations toward the development of methods for the synthesis of peptidyl thioacids and thioesters, with particular emphasis on applications in peptide chemistry, and the exploration of methods toward the assignment of the relative and absolute configuration of virgineone and its total synthesis.

The first part of chapter one introduces the general characteristics and reactivity of thioacids, and describes their potential for application ...


Metal Chalcogenide Nanocrystal Assembly: From Synthesis To Applications, Qinghong Yao 2010 Wayne State University

Metal Chalcogenide Nanocrystal Assembly: From Synthesis To Applications, Qinghong Yao

Wayne State University Dissertations

This dissertation study is focused on (1) the application of an oxidation-induced sol-gel assembly method to formation of CdTe aerogels; (2) extension of existing aerogel compositions and properties by an alternative synthetic approach: cation-exchange reactions; and (3) probing the functionality of CdSe aerogels as optical sensors of Lewis base analytes.

Highly porous CdTe aerogels were successfully synthesized by sol-gel assembly of CdTe nanocrystals with thiolate or nonthiolate (phosphine oxide) ligated surfaces by treatment with tetranitromethane. Both phosphine oxide-capped and the thiolate-capped aerogels exhibit similar structure, morphology and porosimetry properties, suggesting that precursor ligation does not have a no major effect ...


A Bioarchaeological Study Of A Prehistoric Michigan Population: Fraaer-Tyra Site (20sa9), Allison June Muhammad 2010 Wayne State University

A Bioarchaeological Study Of A Prehistoric Michigan Population: Fraaer-Tyra Site (20sa9), Allison June Muhammad

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

The Saginaw Valley Region has been the focus of Michigan archaeology for many decades. The Late Woodland period of the Saginaw Valley has been characterized as an area that prehistoric people abandoned as a permanent resident, but exploited seasonally during times of scarcity. Furthermore, the valley's resources were exploited by a diverse group of prehistoric peoples, both native to Michigan and those Mississippian `intruders' (Halsey 1976; Holman and Brashler 1999; Norder et al. 2003; Stothers 1999). Though previous studies of the Frazer-Tyra site (20SA9) have included ceramic and lithic analysis (Andrews 1995; Halsey 1976) and a study of ...


Synthesis And Characterization Of Metal Complexes Containing Tetrazolate, Poly(Tetrazolyl)Borate, And Aryl Pentazole Ligands As High Energy Density Materials, Dongmei Lu 2010 Wayne State University

Synthesis And Characterization Of Metal Complexes Containing Tetrazolate, Poly(Tetrazolyl)Borate, And Aryl Pentazole Ligands As High Energy Density Materials, Dongmei Lu

Wayne State University Dissertations

Heavier alkaline earth metal tetrazolates have been prepared as cryatals contain aqua ligands and as anhydrous powders, and were characterized by spectral and analytical methods. Potassium bis(tetrazolyl)borate complexes K(BH2(RCN4)2)(H2O)n (R = H, Me, NMe2, and NiPr2) and their 18-crown-6 adducts have been synthesized. In the solid state, complexes where R = H and Me have B-N bonds to the nitrogen atoms proximal to the carbon atom, whereas those with R = NMe2 and NiPr2 possess isomeric B-N bonds to the nitrogen atoms distal to the core carbon. With ...


Dynamic Path Bifurcation For The Beckmann Reaction: Observation And Implication, H. Yamataka, M. Sato, H. Hasegawa, Salai Cheettu Ammal 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Dynamic Path Bifurcation For The Beckmann Reaction: Observation And Implication, H. Yamataka, M. Sato, H. Hasegawa, Salai Cheettu Ammal

Faculty Publications

The reaction of oximes to amides, known as the Beckmann rearrangement, may undergo fragmentation to form carbocations + nitriles instead of amides when the cations have reasonable stability. The reactions of oxime derivatives of 1-substituted-phenyl-2-propanones and 3-substituted-phenyl-2-butanones in aqueous solvents gave both rearrangement and fragmentation products, the ratio of which was dependent on substituents. Transition state (TS) optimizations and intrinsic reaction coordinate (IRC) calculations for the reaction of 1-phenyl-2-propanone oximes showed that there is a single TS for each substituted compound. The IRC path from the TS either led to a rearrangement product or a fragmentation product depending on the substituent ...


A Model For Understanding Epilepsy In Peromyscus, Kevin Ryan, Gabor Szalai 2010 University of South Carolina

A Model For Understanding Epilepsy In Peromyscus, Kevin Ryan, Gabor Szalai

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Xanthene Carboxamides: Indicators For The Assay Of N-Buli And Etmgbr, Shekelia Baccus, M. Perry Davis Jr., David R. Magnin 2010 University of South Carolina

Xanthene Carboxamides: Indicators For The Assay Of N-Buli And Etmgbr, Shekelia Baccus, M. Perry Davis Jr., David R. Magnin

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of The Sumter Wastewater Treatment Plant On The Survival And Reproduction Of Ceriodaphnia Dubia In Chronic Toxicity Tests, Erin Worley, Pearl R. Fernandes, S. Michele Harmon, Jeff Steinmetz 2010 University of South Carolina Aiken

The Effects Of The Sumter Wastewater Treatment Plant On The Survival And Reproduction Of Ceriodaphnia Dubia In Chronic Toxicity Tests, Erin Worley, Pearl R. Fernandes, S. Michele Harmon, Jeff Steinmetz

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


The Synthesis, Photophysical Characterization, And X‐Ray Structure Analysis Of Two Polymorphs Of 4,4′‐Diacetylstilbene, Ralph Isovitsch, Cameron Pye, Frank R. Fronczek 2010 Whittier College

The Synthesis, Photophysical Characterization, And X‐Ray Structure Analysis Of Two Polymorphs Of 4,4′‐Diacetylstilbene, Ralph Isovitsch, Cameron Pye, Frank R. Fronczek

Chemistry

A palladium(II) acetate‐catalyzed synthesis of 1 that utilizes the novel triazene 1‐{4‐[(E)‐morpholin‐4‐yldiazenyl]phenyl}ethanone as a synthon is described. The room temperature absorption spectra of 1 in various solvents exhibited a ππ* transition in the range of 330–350 nm. Compound 1 was observed to be luminescent, with room‐temperature solution and solid‐state emission spectra that exhibited maxima in the range 400–500 nm. All room‐temperature absorption and emission spectra exhibited some degree of vibrational structure. The emission spectrum of 1 at 77 K in propanenitrile glass was broad and ...


Trace Gas And Particle Emissions From Domestic And Industrial Biofuel Use And Garbage Burning In Central Mexico, Ted J. Christian, Robert Yokelson, B. Cardenas, L. T. Molina, G. Engling, S. C. Hsu 2010 University of Montana - Missoula

Trace Gas And Particle Emissions From Domestic And Industrial Biofuel Use And Garbage Burning In Central Mexico, Ted J. Christian, Robert Yokelson, B. Cardenas, L. T. Molina, G. Engling, S. C. Hsu

Chemistry and Biochemistry Faculty Publications

In central Mexico during the spring of 2007 we measured the initial emissions of 12 gases and the aerosol speciation for elemental and organic carbon (EC, OC), anhydrosugars, Cl(-), NO(3)(-), and 20 metals from 10 cooking fires, four garbage fires, three brick making kilns, three charcoal making kilns, and two crop residue fires. Global biofuel use has been estimated at over 2600 Tg/y. With several simple case studies we show that cooking fires can be a major, or the major, source of several gases and fine particles in developing countries. Insulated cook stoves with chimneys were earlier shown ...


2-(9-Anthrylmethyl­­Idene­Amino)-4-Methyl­Phenol, Ralph Isovitsch 2010 Whittier College

2-(9-Anthrylmethyl­­Idene­Amino)-4-Methyl­Phenol, Ralph Isovitsch

Chemistry

The title compound, C22H17NO, is a novel Schiff base synthesized via a condensation reaction between 9-anthracenecarboxaldehyde and 2-amino-p-cresol. The asymmetric unit contains two independent mol­ecules that are joined by an O—H⋯OH hydrogen bond. An intra­molecular O—H⋯N hydrogen bond occurs in each mol­ecule. π-stacking about inversion centers was observed between adjacent phenol rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.850 (2) Å] and adjacent anthracene rings [centroid–centroid distance = 3.834 (2) Å]. The C—N=C—C torsion angles between the phenol and anthracene rings are close to 180° with values of 174 ...


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