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Synthesis And Catalytic Activity Of Nanostructured Cerium Oxide, Neil J. Lawrence 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Synthesis And Catalytic Activity Of Nanostructured Cerium Oxide, Neil J. Lawrence

Department of Chemistry: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

Cerium oxide (ceria, CeO2-x where x is 0 to 0.5) has been one of the most widely used heterogeneous catalysts particularly in three way catalytic converters. Most of the catalytic traits can be attributed to two properties of ceria: first, the high mobility and storage capacity of oxygen within the lattice; second, the ease with which cerium changes between Ce3+ and Ce4+ states. These properties, combined with the abundance of cerium on earth, make ceria a low-cost highly effective alternative to noble metal catalysts. Recent research has been focused on the nanoscale properties of ceria.

The effect …


Enhanced Electrochemistry Of Nanoparticle-Embedded Polyelectrolyte Films: Interfacial Electronic Coupling And Distance Dependence, Callie E. Dowdy, Michael C. Leopold 2010 University of Richmond

Enhanced Electrochemistry Of Nanoparticle-Embedded Polyelectrolyte Films: Interfacial Electronic Coupling And Distance Dependence, Callie E. Dowdy, Michael C. Leopold

Chemistry Faculty Publications

Factors affecting the electronic communication believed to be responsible for the enhanced solution electrochemistry observed at electrodes modified with hybrid polyelectrolyte–nanoparticle (PE–NP) film assemblies were systematically investigated. Specifically, the faradaic current and voltammetric peak splitting recorded for cyclic voltammetry of ferricyanide redox species (Fe(CN)63−/4−) at films constructed with various architectures of citrate-stabilized gold NPs embedded in polyelectrolyte films composed of poly-l-lysine and poly-S-styrene were used to establish the relative importance of both distance and electronic coupling. Layer-by-layer construction of PE–NP films allowed for the position and density of NPs to be varied within the film to assess electronic coupling between …


Energetyka Niskoemisyjna, Wojciech M. Budzianowski 2010 Wroclaw University of Technology

Energetyka Niskoemisyjna, Wojciech M. Budzianowski

Wojciech Budzianowski

No abstract provided.


Cyanoscorpionates And Transition Metal Complexes., Donald Martin Johnson 2010 East Tennessee State University

Cyanoscorpionates And Transition Metal Complexes., Donald Martin Johnson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The new dihydrobis(4-cyano-3-tert-butylpyrazolylborate) ligand has been synthesized. Isolated crystals of the thallium complex were collected and structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction. Transition metal complexes of the ligand are currently under investigation.


New Electrochemical And Optical Detection Methods For Biological And Environmental Applications, Royce Nicholas Dansby-Sparks 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

New Electrochemical And Optical Detection Methods For Biological And Environmental Applications, Royce Nicholas Dansby-Sparks

Doctoral Dissertations

Detection of chromium and vanadium is of interest for biomedical and environmental applications. The two metals have narrow limits between being essential and toxic for humans. Ultra-sensitive techniques have been studied to measure Cr and V at low concentrations found in human blood and environmental samples. Bismuth film and mercury-alloy electrodes have been developed as alternatives to traditional Hg-based electrodes for Cr and V detection. While catalytic adsorptive stripping voltammetry (CAdSV) has been used to detect Cr and V, little is known about the process. The mechanisms of CAdSV have been probed to provide a better understanding of its exceptional …


Synthesis And Reactions Of A Tungsten Dioxo Complex, Deborah Bryant 2010 Marquette University

Synthesis And Reactions Of A Tungsten Dioxo Complex, Deborah Bryant

Master's Theses (2009 -)

Metal dioxo complexes are largely known for their ability to epoxidize olefins. The importance of these reactions is reflected in the patents for the ARCO and Halcon processes from the late 1960's. It is very difficult to find literature that shows other indications for metal dioxo complexes.

Catalytic olefin dimerization has become significant in the realm of green chemistry for "atom economical" reactions. Many transition metals have been examined as catalysts for olefin dimerization, but the largest volume of work has been performed using group 8 transition metals, particularly nickel, palladium and platinum. This is especially true for the specific …


High Temperature Rare Earth Compounds: Synthesis, Characterization And Applications In Device Fabrication, Joseph R. Brewer 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

High Temperature Rare Earth Compounds: Synthesis, Characterization And Applications In Device Fabrication, Joseph R. Brewer

Department of Chemistry: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

As the area of nanotechnology continues to grow, the development of new nanomaterials with interesting physical and electronic properties and improved characterization techniques are several areas of research that will be remain vital for continued improvement of devices and the understanding in nanoscale phenomenon. In this dissertation, the chemical vapor deposition synthesis of rare earth (RE) compounds is described in detail. In general, the procedure involves the vaporization of a REClx (RE = Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Sm, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho) in the presence of hydride phase precursors such as decaborane and ammonia at high temperatures and low …


Electronic Structure Of Lithium Tetraborate, David J. Wooten 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Electronic Structure Of Lithium Tetraborate, David J. Wooten

Theses and Dissertations

Due to interest as neutron detection material, an investigation of Li2B4O7(110) and Li2B4O7(100) was undertaken, utilizing photoemission and inverse photoemission spectroscopic techniques. The measured band gap depended on crystallographic direction with the band gaps ranging from 8.9±0.5 eV to 10.1±0.5 eV. The measurement yielded a density of states that qualitatively agreed with the theoretical results from model bulk band structure calculations for Li2B4O7; albeit with a larger band gap than predicted, but consistent with the known deficiencies of LDA and DFT calculations. …


Synthesis Of Meta-Terphenyl Scaffolded Molecules For Catalysis And Sensor Applications, Brad Morgan 2010 Clemson University

Synthesis Of Meta-Terphenyl Scaffolded Molecules For Catalysis And Sensor Applications, Brad Morgan

All Dissertations

The utility of the m-terphenyl has been observed in a wide variety of applications since its first discovery. The tunable conformational flexibility contributes to the unique properties and resulting applications thereof. Chapter 1 goes into detail about the concepts used throughout and defines the tools needed to understand the chemistry in the
resulting chapters.
The primary use of the m-terphenyl herein is as a canopy that shields a pocket created underneath the central ring. Functionalization within this pocket allows metal binding in defined coordination environments. with the use of donor ligands attached to the flanking rings. The applications of these …


Classification, Synthesis And Characterization Of Pyridyl Porphyrin Frameworks, Lucas D. DeVries 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Classification, Synthesis And Characterization Of Pyridyl Porphyrin Frameworks, Lucas D. Devries

Department of Chemistry: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

CLASSIFICATION, SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF PYRIDYL PORPHYRIN FRAMEWORKS

Lucas D. DeVries, M.S. University of Nebraska, 2010 Adviser: Wonyoung Choe

Structural analysis of a solid-state material is vital because the structure often determines the physical (or chemical) properties of the material. An understanding of the relationship between structural components and bulk properties can be used to design materials with specific properties. To achieve such understanding, two things are required: a rigorous structural analysis method and a study of the properties of materials with noteworthy structural features.

In this thesis, the author reviews 44 pyridyl porphyrin frameworks in an effort to determine …


Study Of The Anomalous Thermochemical Behavior Of 1,2-Diazines By Correlation-Gas Chromatography, Dmitry Lipkind, James S. Chickos, Joel F. Liebman 2010 University of Missouri–St. Louis

Study Of The Anomalous Thermochemical Behavior Of 1,2-Diazines By Correlation-Gas Chromatography, Dmitry Lipkind, James S. Chickos, Joel F. Liebman

James Chickos

No abstract provided.


The Reaction Of A Water Soluble Platinum Compound With Methionine And Derivatives, Yueh Ying Liao 2010 Western Kentucky University

The Reaction Of A Water Soluble Platinum Compound With Methionine And Derivatives, Yueh Ying Liao

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Water soluble platinum complexes are a recent area of emphasis of cisplatin chemistry. The water soluble complexes could have a reduced toxicity compared with cisplatin. Oxaliplatin, which has an oxalate leaving group, has previously been shown to have less nephro-toxicity and higher water solubility than cisplatin. [Pt(en)(oxalate)] (en = ethylenediamine) has been prepared from Pt(en)Cl2 and silver oxalate. This complex has been reacted with methionine and N-acetylmethionine at different molar ratios. At high Pt: methionine ratios, chelates with the sulfur and nitrogen atoms of the methionine are dominant; at lower Pt: methionine ratios, a bis-methionine product is formed. The en …


Changes To Electrical Conductivity In Irradiated Carbon-Nickel Nanocomposites, David F. Coy 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Changes To Electrical Conductivity In Irradiated Carbon-Nickel Nanocomposites, David F. Coy

Theses and Dissertations

Pre and post irradiation resistivity and XAFS measurements have been conducted to examine the effects of 0.5 MeV electron irradiations on nickel-carbon composites. Results showed a decrease in surface resistivity in all sample types of 14-30% following irradiation with a total electron exposure of 4 x 10-16 cm-2. Results also showed a corresponding decrease in NiO content for the irradiated samples as compared to measurements of non-irradiated samples. Surface resistivity measurement capabilities were established and measurement techniques refined to produce repeatable results of sufficient precision to discern changes in resistivity for an exposure of 2 x 10 …


Improved Modeling Of Midlatitude D-Region Ionospheric Absorption Of High Frequency Radio Signals During Solar X-Ray Flares, Evelyn A. Schumer 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Improved Modeling Of Midlatitude D-Region Ionospheric Absorption Of High Frequency Radio Signals During Solar X-Ray Flares, Evelyn A. Schumer

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to improve modeling of midlatitude D-region ionospheric absorption of high frequency radio signals during solar X-ray flares through analysis of HF propagation data obtained during the HF Investigation of D-region Ionospheric Variation Experiment (HIDIVE) and obtained at the Canadian Space Agency NORSTAR riometer in Pinawa, Manitoba, Canada and X-ray flux data, as reported by GOES satellites. The findings of the data analysis were then used to validate and suggest improvements for two existing HF absorption models, the operational Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) D-region Absorption model and the physical AbbyNormal model. Analysis of the …


Three Dimensional Positron Annihilation Momentum Measurement Technique (3dpamm) Applied To Measure Oxygen-Atom Defects In 6h Silicon Carbide, Christopher S. Williams 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Three Dimensional Positron Annihilation Momentum Measurement Technique (3dpamm) Applied To Measure Oxygen-Atom Defects In 6h Silicon Carbide, Christopher S. Williams

Theses and Dissertations

A three-dimensional Positron Annihilation Spectroscopy System (3DPASS) capable to simultaneously measure three-dimensional electron-positron (e--e+) momentum densities measuring photons derived from e--e+ annihilation events was designed and characterized. 3DPASS simultaneously collects a single data set of correlated energies and positions for two coincident annihilation photons using solid-state double-sided strip detectors (DSSD). Positions of photons were determined using an interpolation method which measures a figure-of-merit proportional to the areas of transient charges induced on both charge collection strips directly adjacent to the charge collection strips interacting with the annihilation photons. The subpixel resolution was measured for both double-sided strip detectors (DSSD) and …


Optical Properties Of Si, Ge, Gaas, Gasb, Inas, And Inp At Elevated Temperatures, Thomas R. Harris 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Optical Properties Of Si, Ge, Gaas, Gasb, Inas, And Inp At Elevated Temperatures, Thomas R. Harris

Theses and Dissertations

Investigation of the optical and electrical behavior of some semiconductors at very high temperatures has not been an area of much study, at least not experimentally. The importance of such research becomes obvious due to the effects of high temperatures on semiconductor devices such as infrared detectors and light emitters. Besides the destructive effects of thermal stress and melting, changes in the optical properties of the material can greatly affect device performance. In this research, the infrared absorption of Si, Ge, GaAs, GaSb, InAs, and InP was measured from 0.6 to 25 μm at temperatures ranging from 295 up to …


Experimental Validation Techniques For The Heleeos Off-Axis Laser Propagation Model, John D. Haiducek 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

Experimental Validation Techniques For The Heleeos Off-Axis Laser Propagation Model, John D. Haiducek

Theses and Dissertations

The High Energy Laser End-to-End Operational Simulation (HELEEOS) off-axis scattering algorithm is designed to predict the irradiance that will be detected at a given off-axis location due to atmospheric scattering of a high-energy laser. The HELEEOS system models the propagation of the laser through the atmosphere, accounting for such effects as turbulence, thermal blooming, and atmospheric absorption. The HELEEOS off-axis scattering algorithm uses the scattering phase functions of the Mie scattering models to predict the amount of radiation that will be scattered toward a particular observation location from each point along the beam path, and the total irradiance that will …


In-Situ, Gate Bias Dependent Study Of Neutron Irradiation Effects On Algan/Gan Hfets, Janusz K. Mikina 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

In-Situ, Gate Bias Dependent Study Of Neutron Irradiation Effects On Algan/Gan Hfets, Janusz K. Mikina

Theses and Dissertations

AlGaN/GaN Heterostructure Field Effect Transistors (HFETs) have come under increased study in recent years due to their highly desirable material and electrical properties and survivability even during and after exposure to extreme temperature and radiation environments. In this study, unpassivated and SiN passivated Al0.27Ga0.73N/GaN HFETs were subjected to neutron radiation at 120 K. The primary focus of the research was the effects of neutron irradiation on drain current, gate leakage current, threshold voltage shift, gate-channel capacitance, and the effects of biasing the gate during irradiation. In-situ measurements were conducted on transistor current, gate-channel capacitance, and gate …


The Material Properties Of Cssnbr3 And Csbr:Sn-1% And Their Potential As Scintillator Detector Material, Neal B. Kleinschmidt 2010 Air Force Institute of Technology

The Material Properties Of Cssnbr3 And Csbr:Sn-1% And Their Potential As Scintillator Detector Material, Neal B. Kleinschmidt

Theses and Dissertations

The search for superior nuclear radiation detection materials is ongoing. Current scintillator materials using Thallium doped Sodium Iodide or Cesium Iodide are the benchmarks for ease of use and quick identification of isotope species. This research aims to explore Cesium Bromide doped with 1% molar tin (CsBr:Sn-1%) and Cesium Tin Bromide (CsSnBr3) as candidate materials for a new scintillator. The techniques of Extended X-Ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS), X-Ray Absorption Near Edge Structure (XANES) and Cathodoluminescence are used to determine the suit- ability of CsSnBr3 and CsBr:Sn-1% with Sn4+ as a potential scintillator materials and explore their …


Synthesis And Characterization Of Allylic Dinuclear Molybdenum Complexes With Bridging Oxygen And Sulfur Containing Ligands., Mazin Shatnawi, Samer Tanash, Saleem Al-Ahmad, Paul Challen, Gerald Henkel 2010 John Carroll University

Synthesis And Characterization Of Allylic Dinuclear Molybdenum Complexes With Bridging Oxygen And Sulfur Containing Ligands., Mazin Shatnawi, Samer Tanash, Saleem Al-Ahmad, Paul Challen, Gerald Henkel

Paul R. Challen

No abstract provided.


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