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Understanding Students’ Global Interdependence In Science Instruction, Walter S. Smith 2021 Texas Tech University

Understanding Students’ Global Interdependence In Science Instruction, Walter S. Smith

Journal of Global Education and Research

Multiple American educational organizations such as the National Education Association, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, and the Council of Chief State School Officers have advocated for globalizing the K-12 curriculum. The National Science Teaching Association (NSTA) in a position statement on international education and the Next Generation Science Standards have produced goals and standards for internationalizing the science curriculum by addressing topics such as climate change, environment, and disease that cross borders. In contrast to those pronouncements on the curriculum, this article views global science education through an instructional lens that focuses on a students’ global interdependence in science ...


Physical Chemistry, Ruth E. Stark 2021 CUNY City College

Physical Chemistry, Ruth E. Stark

Open Educational Resources

This is a provisional syllabus for Physical Chemistry I (Thermodynamics), to be taught using an OER Textmap in Fall, 2021.


Calibration Of Gas Flow Meters Using Choked Flow And An Evacuated Vessel, Max B. Trueblood, Otmar Schmid, Nicholas Altese, Christian J. Hurst, Wenyan Liu, Teresa Gelles, Steven C. Achterberg, Philip D. Whitefield, Donald E. Hagen 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Calibration Of Gas Flow Meters Using Choked Flow And An Evacuated Vessel, Max B. Trueblood, Otmar Schmid, Nicholas Altese, Christian J. Hurst, Wenyan Liu, Teresa Gelles, Steven C. Achterberg, Philip D. Whitefield, Donald E. Hagen

Chemistry Faculty Research & Creative Works

The measurement of gas flow rates is of great importance in a wide range of modern technologies. This paper introduces a simple, yet accurate technique for in-house calibration of gas FMs (mass and volumetric) even under harsh environmental conditions such as encountered during field measurement campaigns. The method requires only readily available, low cost components: a vessel of known volume, an air pump, a pressure sensor and a metal plate orifice or a needle valve to act as a CO. The unique property of choked flow in the CO is used here for flow calibration. In the method presented here ...


Stay Calm And Focus On The Learning Outcomes: Tools For Taking Biophysical Chemistry Online, Maria Ballester, Brian L. Van Hoozen Jr., Arthur Sikora 2021 Nova Southeastern University

Stay Calm And Focus On The Learning Outcomes: Tools For Taking Biophysical Chemistry Online, Maria Ballester, Brian L. Van Hoozen Jr., Arthur Sikora

Chemistry and Physics Faculty Articles

Course specific learning outcomes are an important tool to define the scope of a course and can be very helpful when designing experiments and assessments. With slight modification, these learning outcomes can serve as a guide when transitioning to the distance learning format especially in courses with a traditional lab. Here we present such an example for the biophysical chemistry course.


Automated Parsing Of Flexible Molecular Systems Using Principal Component Analysis And K-Means Clustering Techniques, Matthew J. Nwerem 2021 Chapman University

Automated Parsing Of Flexible Molecular Systems Using Principal Component Analysis And K-Means Clustering Techniques, Matthew J. Nwerem

Computational and Data Sciences (MS) Theses

Computational investigation of molecular structures and reactions of biological and pharmaceutical interests remains a grand scientific challenge due to the size and conformational flexibility of these systems. The work requires parsing and analyzing thousands of conformations in each molecular state for meaningful chemical information and subjecting the ensemble to costly quantum chemical calculations. The current status quo typically involves a manual process where the investigator must look at each conformation, separating each into structural families. This process is time-intensive and tedious, making this process infeasible in some cases, and limiting the ability of theoreticians to study these systems. However, the ...


Foliar Photodegradation In Pesticide Environmental Modeling, Sean M. Lyons 2021 Utah State University

Foliar Photodegradation In Pesticide Environmental Modeling, Sean M. Lyons

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The work described here was conducted to better understand how pesticides will behave following their application to crops or soil. This understanding will allow for better use of pesticides which will protect the environment and non-target organisms while remaining effective against pests. The Pesticide Dissipation form Agricultural Land (PeDAL) model was developed to simulate pesticide behavior following application and laboratory experiments focused on the photodegradation of select pesticides on alfalfa leaves were conducted to support this model.


Laboratory Investigation Of Cyanide Evolution During Reaction Between Hypochlorous Acid And Glycine, Luz Chavez 2021 California State University, San Bernardino

Laboratory Investigation Of Cyanide Evolution During Reaction Between Hypochlorous Acid And Glycine, Luz Chavez

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Fresh water treatment and conservation is of great importance in a society with a growing population. Ensuring water safety is a crucial task for water treatment plants. Advances in science and technology have allowed for the testing and study of potentially harmful side substances produced by water sanitation methods, one of those substances is cyanide (-CN). Previous research correlated a significant increase of cyanide levels in effluent water sanitized with a chlorination method. Research has also proposed a mechanism for the formation of cyanogen chloride (CNCl) from reactions with amino acids during the chlorination process. Flow injection analysis was chosen ...


Knn Based Piezo-Triboelectric Lead-Free Hybrid Energy Films, Abu Masa Abdullah, Muhtasim Ul Karim Sadaf, Farzana Tasnim, Horacio Vasquez, Karen Lozano, M. Jasim Uddin 2021 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

Knn Based Piezo-Triboelectric Lead-Free Hybrid Energy Films, Abu Masa Abdullah, Muhtasim Ul Karim Sadaf, Farzana Tasnim, Horacio Vasquez, Karen Lozano, M. Jasim Uddin

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

In recent times, the triboelectric and piezoelectric effects have garnered significant attention towards developing advanced material composites for energy harvesting and sensory applications. In this work, potassium sodium niobate (KNN) based energy films (EF) have been developed to utilize mechanical energy while simultaneously taking advantage of triboelectric and piezoelectric mechanisms. The KNN particles were synthesized using a wet ball milling technique and then incorporated into a polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) matrix together with addition of multi wall carbon nanotubes (MWCNT). The film was used to develop a piezoelectric nanogenerator (PENG) fitted with copper electrodes. The piezoelectric output of the film was ...


Degumming Of Hemp Fibers Using Combined Microwave Energy And Deep Eutectic Solvent, Bulbul Ahmed 2021 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Degumming Of Hemp Fibers Using Combined Microwave Energy And Deep Eutectic Solvent, Bulbul Ahmed

LSU Master's Theses

Hemp is considered as one of the sustainable agricultural fiber materials. Degumming or surface modification of hemp bast is needed to produce single fibers for ensuing textile and industrial applications. The traditional degumming process necessitates a high amount of alkali, which causes detrimental environmental pollution. This study offers a new method to degum hemp fibers with reduced use of harmful alkali and precious water resources. In this work, hemp bast fibers were degummed by using combined microwave energy and deep eutectic solvent (DES). The properties of hemp fibers manufactured by this method were investigated and compared with the traditional alkali ...


Bridging The 12-6-4 Model And The Fluctuating Charge Model, Pengfei Li 2021 Loyola University Chicago

Bridging The 12-6-4 Model And The Fluctuating Charge Model, Pengfei Li

Chemistry: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Metal ions play important roles in various biological systems. Molecular dynamics (MD) using classical force field has become a popular research tool to study biological systems at the atomic level. However, meaningful MD simulations require reliable models and parameters. Previously we showed that the 12-6 Lennard-Jones nonbonded model for ions could not reproduce the experimental hydration free energy (HFE) and ion-oxygen distance (IOD) values simultaneously when ion has a charge of +2 or higher. We discussed that this deficiency arises from the overlook of the ion-induced dipole interaction in the 12-6 model, and this term is proportional to 1/r ...


Genotoxicity And Inflammatory Potential Of Stainless Steel Welding Fume Particles: An In Vitro Study On Standard Vs Cr(Vi)-Reduced Flux-Cored Wires And The Role Of Released Metals., Sarah McCarrick, Valentin Romanovski, Zheng Wei, Elin M Westin, Kjell-Arne Persson, Klara Trydell, Richard Wagner, Inger Odnevall, Yolanda S Hedberg, Hanna L Karlsson 2021 Western University

Genotoxicity And Inflammatory Potential Of Stainless Steel Welding Fume Particles: An In Vitro Study On Standard Vs Cr(Vi)-Reduced Flux-Cored Wires And The Role Of Released Metals., Sarah Mccarrick, Valentin Romanovski, Zheng Wei, Elin M Westin, Kjell-Arne Persson, Klara Trydell, Richard Wagner, Inger Odnevall, Yolanda S Hedberg, Hanna L Karlsson

Chemistry Publications

Welders are daily exposed to various levels of welding fumes containing several metals. This exposure can lead to an increased risk for different health effects which serves as a driving force to develop new methods that generate less toxic fumes. The aim of this study was to explore the role of released metals for welding particle-induced toxicity and to test the hypothesis that a reduction of Cr(VI) in welding fumes results in less toxicity by comparing the welding fume particles of optimized Cr(VI)-reduced flux-cored wires (FCWs) to standard FCWs. The welding particles were thoroughly characterized, and toxicity ...


Aromatic Substitution: Another View, Charles A. Kingsbury 2021 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Aromatic Substitution: Another View, Charles A. Kingsbury

Faculty Publications -- Chemistry Department

Electrophilic substitution on substituted benzenes is reviewed in terms of molecular orbitals. The HOMO falls into two classes. For all meta director C-X groups, a node passes through the ring and through the substituent C-X bond. With ortho/para director C-X groups, a node perpendicular to the one described above, passes through the ortho-meta bonds.


Enrolling Reactive Oxygen Species In Photon-To-Chemical Energy Conversion: Fundamentals, Technological Advances, And Applications, Irving D. Rettig, Theresa M. McCormick 2021 Portland State University

Enrolling Reactive Oxygen Species In Photon-To-Chemical Energy Conversion: Fundamentals, Technological Advances, And Applications, Irving D. Rettig, Theresa M. Mccormick

Chemistry Faculty Publications and Presentations

In theory, oxygen (O2) is an ideal chemical reagent because of its high relative abundance and negligible environmental toxicity. In practice however, by the nature of its ground state electronic configuration, many chemical reactions involving O2 are spin forbidden which dramatically decreases its reactivity and thus its utility in applications. More reactive forms of O2 can be achieved by changing its electronic configuration through the use of photochemical and photophysical methods. This review highlights the roll of photon-to-chemical energy conversion in two of these reactive oxygen species (ROS): superoxide (O2−) and singlet oxygen (1O2), which can be accessed through a ...


Insight Into The Acrab-Tolc Complex Assembly Process Learned From Competition Studies, Prasangi Rajapaksha, Isoiza Ojo, Ling Yang, Ankit Pandeya, Thilini Abeywansha, Yinan Wei 2021 University of Kentucky

Insight Into The Acrab-Tolc Complex Assembly Process Learned From Competition Studies, Prasangi Rajapaksha, Isoiza Ojo, Ling Yang, Ankit Pandeya, Thilini Abeywansha, Yinan Wei

Chemistry Faculty Publications

The RND family efflux pump AcrAB-TolC in E. coli and its homologs in other Gram-negative bacteria are major players in conferring multidrug resistance to the cells. While the structure of the pump complex has been elucidated with ever-increasing resolution through crystallography and Cryo-EM efforts, the dynamic assembly process remains poorly understood. Here, we tested the effect of overexpressing functionally defective pump components in wild type E. coli cells to probe the pump assembly process. Incorporation of a defective component is expected to reduce the efflux efficiency of the complex, leading to the so called “dominant negative” effect. Being one of ...


Cathodic Corrosion Of Metal Electrodes—How To Prevent It In Electroorganic Synthesis, Tom Wirtanen, Tobias Prenzel, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, Siegfried R. Waldvogel 2021 Johannes Gutenberg-Universität Mainz

Cathodic Corrosion Of Metal Electrodes—How To Prevent It In Electroorganic Synthesis, Tom Wirtanen, Tobias Prenzel, Jean-Philippe Tessonnier, Siegfried R. Waldvogel

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

The critical aspects of the corrosion of metal electrodes in cathodic reductions are covered. We discuss the involved mechanisms including alloying with alkali metals, cathodic etching in aqueous and aprotic media, and formation of metal hydrides and organometallics. Successful approaches that have been implemented to suppress cathodic corrosion are reviewed. We present several examples from electroorganic synthesis where the clever use of alloys instead of soft neat heavy metals and the application of protective cationic additives have allowed to successfully exploit these materials as cathodes. Because of the high overpotential for the hydrogen evolution reaction, such cathodes can contribute toward ...


Ganglioside Alters Phospholipase Trafficking, Inhibits Nf-Κb Assembly, And Protects Tight Junction Integrity, John J. Miklavcic, Qun Li, Jordan Skolnick, Alan B. R. Thomson, Vera C. Mazurak, Michael Tom Clandinin 2021 Chapman University

Ganglioside Alters Phospholipase Trafficking, Inhibits Nf-Κb Assembly, And Protects Tight Junction Integrity, John J. Miklavcic, Qun Li, Jordan Skolnick, Alan B. R. Thomson, Vera C. Mazurak, Michael Tom Clandinin

Food Science Faculty Articles and Research

Background and Aims: Dietary gangliosides are present in human milk and consumed in low amounts from organ meats. Clinical and animal studies indicate that dietary gangliosides attenuate signaling processes that are a hallmark of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Gangliosides decrease pro-inflammatory markers, improve intestinal permeability, and reduce symptoms characteristic in patients with IBD. The objective of this study was to examine mechanisms by which dietary gangliosides exert beneficial effects on intestinal health.

Methods: Studies were conducted in vitro using CaCo-2 intestinal epithelial cells. Gangliosides were extracted from milk powder and incubated with differentiated CaCo-2 cells after exposure to pro-inflammatory stimuli ...


Tp-5801 In Vitro Kinase Screen Data, Joshua Andersen 2021 Brigham Young University

Tp-5801 In Vitro Kinase Screen Data, Joshua Andersen

ScholarsArchive Data

In vitro kinase screen data for TP-5801 to accompany Chan and Egbert et al., Nature Communications, 2021 (in press)


Electrochemical Reduction Of Hexavalent Chromium In Acetonitrile Using Glassy Carbon Electrodes, Temitope Jegede 2021 Louisiana State University

Electrochemical Reduction Of Hexavalent Chromium In Acetonitrile Using Glassy Carbon Electrodes, Temitope Jegede

LSU Master's Theses

Hexavalent chromium Cr(VI), a form of chromium mainly generated through industrial processes, has attracted great research interests due to its severe toxicity to biological systems. A common way to remove hexavalent chromium from industrial wastes is through reduction to the non-toxic trivalent state. To this end, methods such as chemical reduction, chemical precipitation and coagulation have been used. However, these methods are limited by poor removal efficiency, formation of secondary pollutants (sludge), and are mostly applicable to aqueous solutions. Recently, electrochemical methods have been investigated for reducing hexavalent chromium, but there is a lack of data on the reduction ...


Designing Stimuli-Responsive Nanocomposites To Investigate Interface Dynamics, Huyen Vu 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Designing Stimuli-Responsive Nanocomposites To Investigate Interface Dynamics, Huyen Vu

Doctoral Dissertations

Inspired by nature, this research focuses on designing multifunctional renewable nanocomposites with high toughness and stimuli-responsiveness. In recent years, cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) have been explored due to their abundance, renewable resource, and unique mechanical strength and structural coloration. CNCs naturally self-assemble into the helicoidal (Bouligand) structure that effectively endure high impacts but is brittle without an attendant soft phase. A thermoresponsive polymer, poly(diethylene glycol methyl ether methacrylate) (PMEO2MA), was incorporated into CNCs via evaporation-induced self-assembly to improve toughness of the resulting nanocomposites and to study responses in polymer dynamics under varying temperature and humidity conditions.

To study ...


Thermoelectric Transport In Disordered Organic And Inorganic Semiconductors, Meenakshi Upadhyaya 2021 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Thermoelectric Transport In Disordered Organic And Inorganic Semiconductors, Meenakshi Upadhyaya

Doctoral Dissertations

The need for alternative energy sources has led to extensive research on optimizing the conversion efficiency of thermoelectric (TE) materials. TE efficiency is governed by figure-of-merit (ZT) and it has been an enormously challenging task to increase ZT > 1 despite decades of research due to the interdependence of material properties. Most doped inorganic semiconductors have a high electrical conductivity and moderate Seebeck coefficient, but ZT is still limited by their high lattice thermal conductivity. One approach to address this problem is to decrease thermal conductivity by means of alloying and nanostructuring, another is to consider materials with an inherently low ...


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