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An Investigation Of Healthcare Supports For Those With Food Allergy In Ireland, Joseph Bolger, Nicola Blake, Sneha Vinod 2021 Munster Technological University

An Investigation Of Healthcare Supports For Those With Food Allergy In Ireland, Joseph Bolger, Nicola Blake, Sneha Vinod

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

Introduction: In Ireland, around 5% of children and 3% adults have food allergy (134,000 people). This current paper describes a survey that was carried out on a subset of service-users with the aim of identifying whether there is a need for increased specialist medical services and/or for a funded charity such as Anaphylaxis Ireland, defunct since 2015.

Materials & Methods: These needs were assessed via an online survey using Google Forms. The survey was conducted from 17-27th February 2020. There were 31 questions in total, relating to topics such as symptoms, clinical wait times, satisfaction with care provided and ...


Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021, 2021 Munster Technological University

Full Issue: The International Undergraduate Journal Of Health Sciences, Volume 1, Issue 1, June 2021

International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences

The full June 2021 issue (Volume 1, Issue 1) of the International Undergraduate Journal of Health Sciences


Understanding Older Adults Living In Medically Underserved Areas Perspectives Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Care Received, Christopher Rogers 2021 Seton Hall University

Understanding Older Adults Living In Medically Underserved Areas Perspectives Regarding Type 2 Diabetes Care Received, Christopher Rogers

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Older adults with type 2 diabetes living in medically underserved areas (MUAs) have unique health and social needs that must be taken into consideration when supporting their type 2 diabetes treatment and management care. Effective treatment and management of type 2 diabetes for older adults living in MUAs requires incorporating the preferences, desires, needs, values, and goals of the person at the center of the care into his/her care plan. Shifting care to be conducive to the treatment and management goals and plans co-created with older adults living in MUAs based on their individual physical, psychological, social, and spiritual ...


The Role Of A Monoclonal Gammopathy Of Undetermined Significance Diagnosis In Healthcare Utilization, Maira A. Castaneda-Avila 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Role Of A Monoclonal Gammopathy Of Undetermined Significance Diagnosis In Healthcare Utilization, Maira A. Castaneda-Avila

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Background

Monoclonal Gammopathy of Undetermined Significance (MGUS) is an understudied precursor of multiple myeloma (MM), the second most prevalent hematologic malignancy in the United States. This dissertation was designed to: (1) Describe the trajectories of serum biomarkers over time in patients with an MGUS diagnosis, (2) Determine if an MGUS diagnosis is associated with changes in healthcare service utilization, and (3) explore the patient- and provider-level drivers of healthcare utilization in patients with MGUS.

Methods

Data sources include health claims and electronic health records from a community-based population of patients seeking care in central Massachusetts and primary qualitative data collected ...


County-Level Factors That Influenced The Trajectory Of Covid-19 Incidence In The New York City Area, Ashley Wendell Kranjac, Dinko Kranjac 2021 Chapman University

County-Level Factors That Influenced The Trajectory Of Covid-19 Incidence In The New York City Area, Ashley Wendell Kranjac, Dinko Kranjac

Sociology Faculty Articles and Research

More than a century of research has shown that sociodemographic conditions affect infectious disease transmission. In the late spring and early summer of 2020, reports of the effects of sociodemographic variables on the spread of COVID- 19 were used in the media with minimal scientific proof attached. With new cases of COVID-19 surging in the United States at that time, it became essential to better understand how the spread of COVID-19 was varying across all segments of the population. We used hierarchical exponential growth curve modeling techniques to examine whether community socioeconomic characteristics uniquely influence the incidence of reported COVID-19 ...


Medicare Support For Dental And Podiatry Graduate Medical Education Programs., Candice Chen, YoonKyung Chung, Geoffrey Broadbent, Elizabeth Mertz 2021 George Washington University

Medicare Support For Dental And Podiatry Graduate Medical Education Programs., Candice Chen, Yoonkyung Chung, Geoffrey Broadbent, Elizabeth Mertz

Health Policy and Management Faculty Publications

Importance: Oral health care faces ongoing workforce challenges that affect patient access and outcomes. While the Medicare program provides an estimated $14.6 billion annually in graduate medical education (GME) payments to teaching hospitals, including explicit support for dental and podiatry programs, little is known about the level or distribution of this public investment in the oral health and podiatry workforce.

Objective: To examine Medicare GME payments to teaching hospitals for dental and podiatry residents from 1998 to 2018, as well as the distribution of federal support among states, territories, and the District of Columbia.

Design, Setting, and Participants: This ...


Access To Healthcare For The Hispanic/Latino Population, Rebecca Loritz 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Access To Healthcare For The Hispanic/Latino Population, Rebecca Loritz

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Background: The U.S. Hispanic/Latino population faces significant barriers to accessing healthcare. The most common barriers Latinos face are language barriers, cost barriers, immigration statuses, insurance coverage barriers, transportation barriers, health literacy and education barriers, as well as lack of access to healthcare providers. These barriers impact not only their ability to access healthcare but also the quality of healthcare they receive.

Purpose: To synthesize the existing literature evaluating that identifies barriers to healthcare.

Methods: CINAHL and PubMed were systematically searched, along with a manual internet search for journal articles that studied access to care issues for the Latino ...


Medicare-Paid Naloxone: Trends In Non-Metropolitan And Metropolitan Areas, Chris Delcher, Yue Cheng, Minji Sohn, Jeffery C. Talbert, Patricia R. Freeman 2021 University of Kentucky

Medicare-Paid Naloxone: Trends In Non-Metropolitan And Metropolitan Areas, Chris Delcher, Yue Cheng, Minji Sohn, Jeffery C. Talbert, Patricia R. Freeman

Rural & Underserved Health Research Center Publications

Overview of Key Findings

  • Medicare pays for the largest share (> 30%) of naloxone dispensed from retail pharmacies in non-metropolitan areas.
  • Medicare-paid dispensing has grown since 2013, but from 2017-2018 dispensing growth in non-metropolitan areas slowed considerably compared to metropolitan areas (42% v 121%, respectively).
  • As of 2018, the rate of naloxone dispensing to Medicare enrollees in metropolitan areas was approximately double that in non-metropolitan areas (4.9 v 2.9 per 1,000 enrollees, respectively).


Message Reframing & Covid-19 Safety Precautions, Elise Coberly 2021 William & Mary

Message Reframing & Covid-19 Safety Precautions, Elise Coberly

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Past research found that the personality aspect Orderliness was more strongly associated with conservatism, while Compassion was more strongly associated with liberalism. The present research aimed to examine whether framing COVID-19 safety precautions (about mask wearing, social distancing, and vaccination) with an Orderliness or Compassion focus would make the message more receptive to liberals and conservatives. We hypothesized that reframing the messages to match with the participants’ personality and ideological leanings would lead to greater support for the message. In our study (N = 679), participants read a COVID-19 safety precaution message with either an Orderliness or Compassion frame for one ...


Agreement Success Plan, Miranda Holtz 2021 California State University, Monterey Bay

Agreement Success Plan, Miranda Holtz

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Monterey County Health Department’s Administration Bureau works with contracts and agreements for the Public Health Bureau, which detail what services programs will complete so that they can receive funding or maintain a partnership with the County. The problem was that a large portion of the management analyst’s time was dedicated towards technical support for agreements. The Agreement Success Pan is aimed to increase efficiency by aiding program staff with agreements through a Prezi, which is similar to a self-paced webinar. The project had three phases; interviews of program supervisors or managers, gathering supporting documents, and final launch. Afterward ...


Exposure To Weight Management Counseling Among Students At 8 U.S. Medical Schools, Karen M. Ashe, Alan C. Geller, Jyothi A. Pendharkar, Lori Pbert, Sybil L. Crawford, Melissa A. Clark, Christine F. Frisard, Cassie A. Eno, Jamie Faro, Judith K. Ockene 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Exposure To Weight Management Counseling Among Students At 8 U.S. Medical Schools, Karen M. Ashe, Alan C. Geller, Jyothi A. Pendharkar, Lori Pbert, Sybil L. Crawford, Melissa A. Clark, Christine F. Frisard, Cassie A. Eno, Jamie Faro, Judith K. Ockene

University of Massachusetts Medical School Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: Clinical guidelines support physician intervention consistent with the Ask, Advise, Assess, Assist, Arrange framework for adults who have obesity. However, weight management counseling curricula vary across medical schools. It is unknown how frequently students receive experiences in weight management counseling, such as instruction, observation, and direct experience.

METHODS: A cross-sectional survey, conducted in 2017, of 730 third-year medical students in 8 U.S. medical schools assessed the frequency of direct patient, observational, and instructional weight management counseling experiences that were reported as summed scores with a range of 018. Analysis was completed in 2017.

RESULTS: Students reported the least ...


A Call To Action: Preventing Opioid And Substance Abuse In South Florida Youth, Julie A. Jacko, Katherine P. Cohen, Cathaerina Appadoo, Arkene S. Levy, Timothy F. Page, Michael J. Parker, Solina Pierre-Gilles, Francois Sainfort 2021 Nova Southeastern University

A Call To Action: Preventing Opioid And Substance Abuse In South Florida Youth, Julie A. Jacko, Katherine P. Cohen, Cathaerina Appadoo, Arkene S. Levy, Timothy F. Page, Michael J. Parker, Solina Pierre-Gilles, Francois Sainfort

HCA Healthcare Journal of Medicine

The opioid crisis poses a substantial threat to youth throughout the nation. This crisis has been exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, reversing some of the positive national trends in the fight against the opioid epidemic. Some risk factors for youth opioid use have been identified nationally. The South Florida tri-county region of Miami-Dade, Broward and Palm Beach is a culturally distinct region which may not follow national trends and likely has unique risk and protective factors. To address the concerning spike in youth opioid use in South Florida, a community coalition was formed to identify factors unique to South Florida ...


Marketing To Food Insecure College Students: An Investigation Into The University Of Mississippi’S Food Pantry, Dandridge Parks 2021 University of Mississippi

Marketing To Food Insecure College Students: An Investigation Into The University Of Mississippi’S Food Pantry, Dandridge Parks

Honors Theses

College students are documented to suffer food insecurity at a high rate, and student-run food pantries have aimed to alleviate some of this burden. However, these pantries operate inefficiently and struggle to adequately meet student needs. In particular, many students are unaware of the pantry or have barriers to use. Research has found that only 14% of food insecure college students use their campus food pantries. The objective of the following work is to improve future marketing for campus run food pantries, with a specific focus on the University of Mississippi’s pantry.

In the last year, the University of ...


Testing Of Patients First In A Real-World Setting, As A Patient Experience Accreditation Tool For Hospitals And Clinics, Carlos Bezos, Rosa M. Salazar, María Caballero 2021 Instituto paraa la Experiencia del Paciente

Testing Of Patients First In A Real-World Setting, As A Patient Experience Accreditation Tool For Hospitals And Clinics, Carlos Bezos, Rosa M. Salazar, María Caballero

Patient Experience Journal

Many healthcare providers are developing patient experience strategies and investing in this area. Yet, patients have no means to know if a hospital is following proper patient experience standards. For this reason, it is important to certify that hospitals and clinics follow own a patient experience policy and apply patient experience standards. This is the reason why the accreditation Patients First was developed. The goal of this study is to test the accreditations’ feasibility in a real-life environment. The accreditation was tested at the Guadarrama Hospital, nearby Madrid in Spain. A mixed team between Guadarrama staff and the Institute for ...


Patient And Provider Perspectives Regarding Criteria For Patient Prioritization In Two Specialized Rehabilitation Programs, Julien Déry, Angel Ruiz, François Routhier, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, André Côté, Daoud Ait-Kadi, Valérie Bélanger, Marie-Eve Lamontagne 2021 Université Laval

Patient And Provider Perspectives Regarding Criteria For Patient Prioritization In Two Specialized Rehabilitation Programs, Julien Déry, Angel Ruiz, François Routhier, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, André Côté, Daoud Ait-Kadi, Valérie Bélanger, Marie-Eve Lamontagne

Patient Experience Journal

To increase fairness and equity in access to rehabilitation services, a strategy emerging from the literature is patient prioritization. Selecting explicit prioritization criteria is a complex task because it is important to simultaneously consider the objectives of all stakeholders. The of this study was to compare service users’ and service providers’ perspectives regarding patient prioritization criteria in two rehabilitation programs. We conducted a multiple case study in two rehabilitation programs, i.e., a driving evaluation program and a compression garment manufacturing program. We sent a web-based survey asking two groups (patients and providers) to individually produce a set of criteria ...


Exploring Mental Health Experience In Individuals Living With Temporomandibular Disorders, Wafaa Safour, Richard Hovey 2021 Mcgill University / Sebha University

Exploring Mental Health Experience In Individuals Living With Temporomandibular Disorders, Wafaa Safour, Richard Hovey

Patient Experience Journal

Despite the evidence supporting deteriorating mental health because of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) conditions, there is limited evidence of TMD patients' experience regarding how their mental health is affected by the disorders. As a sequence of these conditions, TMD patients suffer from physical and mental complications, not to mention the loss of food enjoyment. In this study, we aim to explore TMD patients' lived experiences who had changed their dietary habits concerning their mental health. Six participants were interviewed to answer open-ended questions during semi-structured interviews regarding their mental health experiences with TMD-related food routine changes. These interviews were held face-to-face ...


Co-Production Of The Quality Of Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Partnerships Instrument For People With Mental Health Conditions, Karen L. Fortuna, Amanda Myers, Jessica Brooks, Caroline Collins-Pisano, Skyla Marceau, Sarah Pratt, Kathy Lyons, Robert Walker, Shavon Thompson, Kaycie Greene, Willie Pringle, Katina Carter 2021 Dartmouth College

Co-Production Of The Quality Of Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Partnerships Instrument For People With Mental Health Conditions, Karen L. Fortuna, Amanda Myers, Jessica Brooks, Caroline Collins-Pisano, Skyla Marceau, Sarah Pratt, Kathy Lyons, Robert Walker, Shavon Thompson, Kaycie Greene, Willie Pringle, Katina Carter

Patient Experience Journal

Mounting scientific evidence over the past decades in the field of psychiatry has shown community engagement in research produces more relevant research, increased uptake of research findings, and better clinical outcomes. Despite the need for the integration of community engagement methodologies into the scientific method, doctoral and master's level competencies in the field of psychiatry commonly do not include dedicated training or coursework on community engagement methodologies. Without appropriate training or research experience, attempts to facilitate community engagement are often ineffective and burdensome and leave stakeholders feeling disenfranchised. The goal of this study was to co-produce an instrument designed ...


The Experiences Of Rural British Columbians Accessing Surgical And Obstetrical Care, Aria Jazdarehee, Anshu Parajulee, Jude Kornelsen 2021 University of British Columbia Faculty of Medicine

The Experiences Of Rural British Columbians Accessing Surgical And Obstetrical Care, Aria Jazdarehee, Anshu Parajulee, Jude Kornelsen

Patient Experience Journal

The attrition of small volume surgical and maternity services in rural Canada over the past three decades has made access to these services especially challenging for rural citizens. While many of these closures have occurred as consequences of regionalization, a strategy to regionally centralize healthcare services, many studies investigating outcomes of regionalization have focused on costs and medical endpoints rather than the direct experiences of the rural patients affected. In this study, we aimed to understand and document the experiences of rural residents accessing procedural and maternity care both locally and away from home. This study is part of a ...


Needle Phobia: How To Improve The Child's Experience During Blood Drawing, Maria D. Navarro, Helena Illera, Bonaventura Ruíz, Montserrat Naudó, Núria Serrallonga, Sonia Tordera, David Kornmehl, Lola Crevillén, Ana Bosque, David Nadal, Mercedes Jabalera 2021 Sant Joan de Déu Children's Hospital, Barcelona, Spain

Needle Phobia: How To Improve The Child's Experience During Blood Drawing, Maria D. Navarro, Helena Illera, Bonaventura Ruíz, Montserrat Naudó, Núria Serrallonga, Sonia Tordera, David Kornmehl, Lola Crevillén, Ana Bosque, David Nadal, Mercedes Jabalera

Patient Experience Journal

Pediatric diseases, pain and hospitalization have an important impact on children and their families. This is especially significant when considering common invasive procedures, such as blood drawing. The objectives of the study were to assess the experience of children and families during the blood drawing procedure and suggest methods for improvement. The study was conducted in a children’s hospital in Barcelona, Spain, between 2018 and 2020. A mix-method design or combination of qualitative and quantitative methodologies was developed. We carried out a search of the literature, a design thinking approach, and a survey. Results from the qualitative approach identified ...


Surveying Pediatric Caregivers’ Readiness For Dyad Isolation In The Hospital During Covid-19, Shanqing Yin, Mei Zi Quek, Celestine Mun Ting Yeo, Sylvia Mun, Ronghui Li, Derrick Chan 2021 KK Women's & Children's Hospital

Surveying Pediatric Caregivers’ Readiness For Dyad Isolation In The Hospital During Covid-19, Shanqing Yin, Mei Zi Quek, Celestine Mun Ting Yeo, Sylvia Mun, Ronghui Li, Derrick Chan

Patient Experience Journal

The onset of any emerging outbreak is stressful for everyone. Singapore was one of many countries affected early by COVID-19. In response, many precautionary measures were quickly initiated, including the isolation of suspected COVID-19 pediatric cases, and their caregivers were isolated together with their hospitalized children as a result. Caregivers play an important role in facilitating their child’s health in the hospital. Rooming in with their children during hospitalization promotes the benefits of parental presence and reduces separation effects. However, sudden admission with strict movement restrictions poses stress to these caregivers too. This study ran a 3-part paper-based survey ...


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