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Pathological And Clinical Findings And Tissue Distribution Of Salmonella Gallinarum Infection In Turkey Poults, LATİFE BEYAZ, AYHAN ATASEVER, FUAT AYDIN, K. SEMİH GÜMÜŞSOY, SEÇİL ABAY 2010 TÜBİTAK

Pathological And Clinical Findings And Tissue Distribution Of Salmonella Gallinarum Infection In Turkey Poults, Lati̇fe Beyaz, Ayhan Atasever, Fuat Aydin, K. Semi̇h Gümüşsoy, Seçi̇l Abay

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study aimed to experimentally induce Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis (Salmonella Gallinarum) infection in turkey poults in order to detect S. Gallinarum using immunohistochemical, bacteriological, and histological procedures. The study included 90 white turkey poults that were divided into 3 groups (1-day-old, 3-week-old, and 2-month-old), each of which was orally inoculated with an inoculum of 0.3 mL of S. Gallinarum strain 9 broth culture that contained approximately 2 × 10^4, 1 × 10^6, and 1 × 10^9 cfu/mL, respectively. The duration of the experiment was 18 days. Clinical, pathological, and bacteriological findings were evaluated daily until 18 days …


Preliminary Findings Of Behavioral Patterns In Captive Alpine Musk Deer (Moschus Sifanicus) And Prospects For Future Conservation, XIUXIANG MENG, HONG YANG, QISEN YANG, ZUOJIAN FENG, XU PENG, GENEVIEVE C. PERKINS 2010 TÜBİTAK

Preliminary Findings Of Behavioral Patterns In Captive Alpine Musk Deer (Moschus Sifanicus) And Prospects For Future Conservation, Xiuxiang Meng, Hong Yang, Qisen Yang, Zuojian Feng, Xu Peng, Genevieve C. Perkins

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Captive farming of alpine musk deer (Moschus sifanicus) in China has been used for conservation and harvesting of musk since the mid 1950s. Despite this long history, management practices and captive breeding have been primarily based on trial and error due to lack of behavioral and ecological information about this vulnerable species. Understanding behavioral patterns plays a vital part in determining appropriate management systems; hence the aim of this study was to determine the effect of captivity on behavioral patterns of alpine musk deer by comparing wild-caught and the captive-born alpine musk deer. From August 2002 to January 2003, the …


Effect Of Urea And Oregano Oil Supplementation On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Lamb Fed Diets Containing Different Amounts Of Energy And Protein, ÖNDER CANBOLAT, ALİ KARABULUT 2010 TÜBİTAK

Effect Of Urea And Oregano Oil Supplementation On Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Lamb Fed Diets Containing Different Amounts Of Energy And Protein, Önder Canbolat, Ali̇ Karabulut

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The experiment was carried out using a 4 × 4 factorial design. There were 16 experimental groups. Each group consisted of 3 lambs. The experiment lasted 56 days. During the experiment, the oregano oil (0 and 5 g/kg DM) and urea (0, 6, 12, and 18 g/head per day) were given to lambs consuming low energy/low protein diets (2350 Kcal/kg DM/ 10.80% CP/DM, respectively) and normal energy/normal protein (2600 Kcal/kg DM, 14.97% CP/DM, respectively) diets. Daily body weight gain of lambs consuming normal energy/normal protein diets and supplemented with 6, 12 and 18 g/head per day urea were significantly (P …


The Effect Of Feeding Frequency On The Hormonal Profile, Carcass Characteristics, And Feedlot Performance In Iranian Holstein Calves, ARMIN TOWHIDI, ABOULFAZL ZALI, ABBAS KHOSHSOKHAN, HOMAYOON KHAZALI, MEHDI ZHANDI, KAMRAN REZAYAZDI, REZA MASOUMI, HAMID GHOLAMI 2010 TÜBİTAK

The Effect Of Feeding Frequency On The Hormonal Profile, Carcass Characteristics, And Feedlot Performance In Iranian Holstein Calves, Armin Towhidi, Aboulfazl Zali, Abbas Khoshsokhan, Homayoon Khazali, Mehdi Zhandi, Kamran Rezayazdi, Reza Masoumi, Hamid Gholami

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of feeding frequency on body weight, carcass characteristics, and hormonal profile in Iranian Holstein calves. The study included 12 Holstein bull calves that were assigned to 2 groups according to initial live body weight. The animals were fed a TMR ration based on live body weight. The calves were fed a standard diet for 31 weeks; control calves were fed twice a day and treatment calves were fed 7 times a day. Live body weights were recorded every 21 days. Blood samples were collected 1 h after the final …


A Comparitive Study On Traumatic Reticuloperitonitis And Traumatic Pericarditis In Egyptian Cattle, MOHAMED M. GHANEM 2010 TÜBİTAK

A Comparitive Study On Traumatic Reticuloperitonitis And Traumatic Pericarditis In Egyptian Cattle, Mohamed M. Ghanem

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study was carried out on 15 Holstein cows divided into 3 groups of 5. Group 1 was the control, group 2 had traumatic reticuloperitonitis (TRP), and group 3 had traumatic pericarditis (TP). Comparison between the groups included clinical, hematological, biochemical, and ultrasonographic changes. TRP cows had arched backs, a sharp decrease in milk yield, and a reluctance to move, with abduction of the fore limbs. TP cows had edema of the brisket and submandibular region, with jugular vein distension and pulsation. TRP cows had a significant increase in PCV, leukocytes, and neutrophils, and a significant decrease in RBC, hemoglobin, …


The Effectiveness Of Grass Pea (Lathyrus Sativus L.) Seeds In Pig Feed, ANNA WINIARSKA-MIECZAN, MALGORZATA KWIECIEN 2010 TÜBİTAK

The Effectiveness Of Grass Pea (Lathyrus Sativus L.) Seeds In Pig Feed, Anna Winiarska-Mieczan, Malgorzata Kwiecien

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The aim of this study was to assess the usefulness of raw grass pea seeds in pig feed, and the usefulness of supplementing mixtures that contain raw grass pea seeds with a probiotic and an enzymatic preparation. The study included 96 fattening pigs (Polish Landrace × Polish Large White) × Pietrain that were divided into 4 feeding groups. Two experimental nutritional agents were used. The first was the source of protein in the diet: soybean meal and raw grass pea seeds (amounting to 50% of feed protein). The other experimental agent was mixtures containing raw grass pea seeds supplemented with …


Immune Response To Type-2 Porcine Circovirus In Weaned Pigs, HONG CHEN, KE-YING ZHANG, XUE-MEI DING, ZHI-WEN XU, DAI-WEN CHEN, GANG TIAN 2010 TÜBİTAK

Immune Response To Type-2 Porcine Circovirus In Weaned Pigs, Hong Chen, Ke-Ying Zhang, Xue-Mei Ding, Zhi-Wen Xu, Dai-Wen Chen, Gang Tian

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Sixteen crossbred barrows (Duroc × Landrace × Yorkshire) weaned at 28 days with an initial body weight of 5.12-8.64 kg and no antibodies to PCV2 were used in a 5-week trial to evaluate the immune response after intranasal inoculation with type-2 porcine circovirus. The percentage of peripheral blood ANAE+ T cells, PCV2 antibody titer, immunoglobulins, and serum IFN-\gamma, IL-2, and sIL-2R levels were determined. The results show that the percentage of peripheral blood ANAE+ T cells was notably higher in inoculated pigs 5 days post-inoculation (dpi) and significantly lower 21 dpi than in the control group. The anti-PCV2 titer in …


Identification And Characterization Of Salmonella Isolates From Captured House Sparrows, SARA MIRZAIE, MOHAMMAD HASSANZADEH, IRADJ ASHRAFI 2010 TÜBİTAK

Identification And Characterization Of Salmonella Isolates From Captured House Sparrows, Sara Mirzaie, Mohammad Hassanzadeh, Iradj Ashrafi

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of Salmonella in a population of house sparrows, which are commonly found around poultry houses, and to characterize the obtained Salmonella isolates via serotyping, multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and antibiotic resistance analysis. Samples of visceral organs (gastrointestinal tract, liver, and heart) from 470 house sparrows were subjected to culture and the results show that 18 (3.8%) were positive for Salmonella. Of the 18 Salmonella isolates characterized, the most predominant serovars were Salmonella Typhimurium and S. Enteritidis (9 and 8 cases each, respectively), whereas only 1 serovar belonged to S. …


Reference Values For Some Haematological, Haematochemical, And Electrophoretic Parameters In The Girgentana Goat, GIUSEPPE PICCIONE, STEFANIA CASELLA, LUCIO LUTRI, IRENE VAZZANA, VINCENZO FERRANTELLI, GIOVANNI CAOLA 2010 TÜBİTAK

Reference Values For Some Haematological, Haematochemical, And Electrophoretic Parameters In The Girgentana Goat, Giuseppe Piccione, Stefania Casella, Lucio Lutri, Irene Vazzana, Vincenzo Ferrantelli, Giovanni Caola

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The purpose of this study was to determine haematological, haematochemical, and electrophoretic reference values for the Girgentana goat in order to form a basis for clinical interpretation. The study included 348 female Girgentana goats aged from 1 to 6 years. The animals were divided into 3 groups: goats aged 1-2 years (group A), goats aged 3-4 years (group B), and goats aged 5-6 years (group C). Blood samples were collected from each animal every morning at the same time (0800) by means of jugular venipuncture, and red blood cell (RBC), white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil (NEU), lymphocyte (LYM), monocyte (MONO), …


Identification Of Babesia And Theileria Species In Small Ruminants In Central Anatolia (Turkey) Via Reverse Line Blotting, ABDULLAH İNCİ, ANIL İÇA, ALPARSLAN YILDIRIM, ÖNDER DÜZLÜ 2010 TÜBİTAK

Identification Of Babesia And Theileria Species In Small Ruminants In Central Anatolia (Turkey) Via Reverse Line Blotting, Abdullah İnci̇, Anil İça, Alparslan Yildirim, Önder Düzlü

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

This study was conducted between January 2006 and September 2008 to identify Babesia and Theileria species in sheep and goats in Central Anatolia via reverse line blotting (RLB). In total, 421 sheep and 152 goats were randomly selected from herds located in Kayseri, Yozgat, and Sivas provinces (all in central Turkey). The amplified hypervariable V4 region of the 18S rRNA gene of ovine piroplasm species, including Theileria lestoquardi, T. ovis, Babesia ovis, B. motasi, and B. crassa, was hybridized against species-specific probes. Theileria ovis and B. ovis were observed in the study animals. Among the 573 small ruminants included in …


First Reported Case Of Chironomid Midge Larva Infestations In Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss Walbaum 1792) Eggs, ŞEVKİ KAYIŞ, İLHAN ALTINOK, FİKRİ BALTA 2010 TÜBİTAK

First Reported Case Of Chironomid Midge Larva Infestations In Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus Mykiss Walbaum 1792) Eggs, Şevki̇ Kayiş, İlhan Altinok, Fi̇kri̇ Balta

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Six days after transfer of eyed stage rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) eggs into an incubator, egg mortality occurred during the winter of 2007. During the outbreak, approximately 30% of the eggs died. Rheocricotopus fuscipes (Kieffer, 1909) and Eukiefferiella claripennis (Lundbeck, 1898) (subfamily Orthocladiinae), Chironomid midge larvae were observed on the eggs by examining the eggs under the microscope. Histological sections of the infested eggs exhibited midge bite marks. This is the first report of Chironomid midges preying on fish eggs.


Histomorphology Of The Oviduct Epithelium In The Angora Rabbit, ASUMAN ÖZEN, EMEL ERGÜN, AYTÜL KÜRÜM 2010 TÜBİTAK

Histomorphology Of The Oviduct Epithelium In The Angora Rabbit, Asuman Özen, Emel Ergün, Aytül Kürüm

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The present study was undertaken to investigate cyclic changes in the structure of oviduct epithelial cells, and the content of oviductal mucus in the Angora rabbit using light and electron microscopy. Ten female Angora rabbits, 5 of which were in the estrual stage and the other 5 were in the luteal stage of the estrous cycle, were used in the study. Tissue samples taken from the fimbria, ampulla and isthmus of the oviduct were examined under light and electron microscope. Ciliated cells were demonstrated to be predominant in the fimbria and ampulla, whereas secretory cells were determined to be most …


Anatomical Study Of The Brain Of The African Ostrich, KE-MEI PENG, YUEPING FENG, GAOYING ZHANG, HUAZHEN LIU, HUI SONG 2010 TÜBİTAK

Anatomical Study Of The Brain Of The African Ostrich, Ke-Mei Peng, Yueping Feng, Gaoying Zhang, Huazhen Liu, Hui Song

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The anatomical characteristics of the African ostrich brain were investigated in this study. The average weight, length, and width of the total brain are 26.34 g, 59.26 mm, and 42.30 mm, respectively. The cerebellum appears relatively well developed and obviously protrudes dorsally. The posterior superior part of the cerebellar vermis almost forms an angle of 130°. The ostrich brain has many more transverse fissures of the cerebellar vermis than do the brains of domestic fowls. Therefore, the surface area of the African ostrich's cerebellum is larger. The formation of the cerebrum is an obtuse triangle. Its surface is smooth, without …


Conception Rates For Standing Estrus And Fixed-Time Insemination In Dairy Heifers Synchronized With Gnrh And Pgf_{2\Alpha}, SAMIR Z. EL-ZARKOUNY 2010 TÜBİTAK

Conception Rates For Standing Estrus And Fixed-Time Insemination In Dairy Heifers Synchronized With Gnrh And Pgf_{2\Alpha}, Samir Z. El-Zarkouny

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of GnRH PGF-based protocols on reproductive outcome in Holstein heifers. Heifers were randomly assigned to the control group (n = 14), or treatment groups (n = 50) treated with GnRH (day -7) and PGF_{2\alpha} (day 0). Heifers that exhibited estrus were inseminated (Select Synch, n = 34) and heifers that did not exhibit estrus up to 48 h after PGF_{2\alpha} injection received a second GnRH injection and were fixed-time inseminated (Ovsynch, n = 16). Conception rates were 40%, 55.9%, and 31.3%, and overall pregnancy rates (P < 0.05) were 64.3%, 97%, and 87.5% in the control, Select Synch, and Ovsynch groups, respectively. Ovsynch heifers had 1.8 ± 0.5 and 3.2 ± 0.6 ng mL^{–1} of serum P4, versus 3.3 ± 0.5 and 3.8 ± 0.6 ng mL–1 in the Select Synch heifers at the time of the first GnRH and PGF_{2\alpha} injection, respectively. Conception rates were 55.6% and 58.3% when P4 concentrations were high, and were 50% and 25% when P4 concentrations were low at the time of the first GnRH and PGF_{2\alpha} injection, respectively. Dairy heifers synchronized with GnRH and PGF_{2\alpha} should be inseminated when estrus is observed, and heifers that do not exhibit estrus up to 48 h after PGF_{2\alpha} injection should be given a second GnRH injection and fixed-time inseminated 16-20 h later.


Expression And Tissue Distribution Of Extracellular Calcium-Sensing Receptor (Casr) Mrna In Chickens, GUANGCUN DENG, JIANMIN BI, JIAN QIAO, GUIEI HE, BONING WU, MIAOJIE ZHANG, NANA LV 2010 TÜBİTAK

Expression And Tissue Distribution Of Extracellular Calcium-Sensing Receptor (Casr) Mrna In Chickens, Guangcun Deng, Jianmin Bi, Jian Qiao, Guiei He, Boning Wu, Miaojie Zhang, Nana Lv

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

Extracellular calcium-sensing receptor (CaSR) is a recently discovered G-protein-coupled receptor that may play a key role in regulating parathyroid hormone secretion and calcium homeostasis. In the present study, based on the reported sequence of the chicken CaSR gene (GenBank accession: XM_416491), specific primers were designed and synthesized, and CaSR gene mRNA expression and tissue distribution in chickens were analyzed using semiquantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. It was observed that CaSR mRNA was expressed in the kidney and parathyroid to a greater degree than in the small intestine, oviduct, and brain (P < 0.01). Sequence analysis of the PCR products obtained from the 5 tissues showed that these cDNAs shared 100% homology with each other and the corresponding region of the reported CaSR cDNA. The results may provide a basis and additional insight for understanding the physiological function of CaSR in chickens.


Effect Of Pre-Evisceration, Skin-On Carcass Decontamination Sanitation Strategies For Reducing Bacterial Contamination Of Cattle During Skinning, MEHMET ÇALICIOĞLU, DENNIS R. BUEGE, JOHN B. LUCHANSKY 2010 TÜBİTAK

Effect Of Pre-Evisceration, Skin-On Carcass Decontamination Sanitation Strategies For Reducing Bacterial Contamination Of Cattle During Skinning, Mehmet Çalicioğlu, Dennis R. Buege, John B. Luchansky

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The effectiveness of pre-evisceration, skin-on carcass sanitation on reducing bacterial contamination of beef carcasses was tested using 3 cattle per treatment and 3 cattle as controls at each of 3 abattoirs in southern Wisconsin. The sanitation procedure included stunning, bleeding, tying off the esophagus, sealing the anus, and then sanitizing the hide with: i) 20% trisodium phosphate, ii) 200 ppm iodophor, iii) 75% ethanol, or iv) hot water (ca. 80 °C). Two sets of combined sponge samples (3 × 100 cm^2) were taken from the hide before and after the sanitation step, as well as from the carcass after the …


The Effects Of Ichthyophthiriasis On Some Haematological Parameters In Common Carp, MALGORZATA WITESKA, ELZBIETA KONDERA, KATARZYNA LUGOWSKA 2010 TÜBİTAK

The Effects Of Ichthyophthiriasis On Some Haematological Parameters In Common Carp, Malgorzata Witeska, Elzbieta Kondera, Katarzyna Lugowska

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The present study examined the haematological effects of ichthyophthiriasis in common carp. Blood was collected from 4 groups of juvenile carp: 1. healthy; 2. with minor symptoms of ichthyophthiriasis; 3. with severe symptoms of ichthyophthiriasis (moribund); survivors of ichthyophthiriasis after a 3-week recovery period. Blood was subjected to a standard haematological procedure and the following parameters were evaluated: haematocrit (Ht), haemoglobin concentration (Hb), erythrocyte (RBC) and leukocyte (WBC) counts, mean cell volume (MCV), mean cell haemoglobin (MCH), and mean cell haemoglobin concentration (MCHC). The differential leukocyte count and thrombocyte count were calculated using stained blood smears. No change in Ht …


All-Trans Retinoic Acid Regulates Intracellular Redox Status In Marc-145 Cells Infected With Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Virus, YAN LIN, DE WU 2010 TÜBİTAK

All-Trans Retinoic Acid Regulates Intracellular Redox Status In Marc-145 Cells Infected With Porcine Reproductive And Respiratory Syndrome Virus, Yan Lin, De Wu

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

A relationship between oxidative stress, and apoptosis and/or death has been suggested for many years. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA) on the cell survival rate and the antioxidant defense system. MARC-145 cells were treated with ATRA after infection with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV). The cell survival rate, total antioxidant capability (T-AOC), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-P_X) activity, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity, and glutathione (GSH) content were determined in samples collected from cells incubated with ATRA for 24 or 48 h. The results show that PRRSV …


Maedi-Visna Virus In Turkish Sheep: A Preliminary Serological Survey Using Elisa Tests, SILVIA PREZIUSO, MEHMET ERMAN OR, MONICA GIAMMARIOLI, ABDULLAH KAYAR, FRANCESCO FELIZIANI, REMZİ GÖNÜL, SILVANA FARNETI, CAĞLA PARKAN YARAMIŞ, CARLO VALENTE, VINCENZO CUTERI 2010 TÜBİTAK

Maedi-Visna Virus In Turkish Sheep: A Preliminary Serological Survey Using Elisa Tests, Silvia Preziuso, Mehmet Erman Or, Monica Giammarioli, Abdullah Kayar, Francesco Feliziani, Remzi̇ Gönül, Silvana Farneti, Cağla Parkan Yaramiş, Carlo Valente, Vincenzo Cuteri

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

The maedi-visna virus (MVV) is distributed worldwide and, to date, no epidemiological surveys have been carried out using ELISA testing in Turkey. The aims of this study were as follows: i) to verify the diagnostic performance of a home-made ELISA test (HM-ELISA) using Turkish ovine sera in comparison with other commercially available ELISA tests, and ii) to perform a preliminary epidemiological survey in İstanbul province. The MVV seroprevalence in İstanbul province was 15.3%. Older sheep were 5 times more likely to be positive than younger animals, ewes were 3 times more likely to be positive than rams, and all the …


Successful Management Of A Delayed Case Of A Corneal Foreign Body In A Cow, MUJEEB-UR-REHMAN FAZILI, BASHIR AHMED BUCHOO, HIRANYA KUMAR BHATTACHARYYA 2010 TÜBİTAK

Successful Management Of A Delayed Case Of A Corneal Foreign Body In A Cow, Mujeeb-Ur-Rehman Fazili, Bashir Ahmed Buchoo, Hiranya Kumar Bhattacharyya

Turkish Journal of Veterinary & Animal Sciences

A crossbred Jersey cow had been suffering from severe pain for 3 days due to a corneal foreign body. Tranquilization using intravenous triflupromazine (20 mg) followed by Peterson nerve block with 2% lidocaine hydrochloride (13 mL) facilitated examination of the eye and removal of a 12-mm-long (7 mm penetrated plus 5 mm protruding out) dry plant awn from the cornea. Corneal opacity was noted around the puncture site. Direct ophthalmoscopy did not reveal any abnormality in the ocular media. Topical gentamycin (3 mg/mL) and systemic gentamycin (5 mg/kg), along with meloxicam (0.2 mg/kg) for 3 days, followed (on the basis …


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