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Estudio Sobre El Comportamiento Y Salud En Los Jóvenes Escolares De La República Dominicana: Resultados De 2009, Juan B. Peña, Elián P. Cabrera-Nguyen, Diana Chaves, Rosa Fernández 2009 Washington University in St Louis

Estudio Sobre El Comportamiento Y Salud En Los Jóvenes Escolares De La República Dominicana: Resultados De 2009, Juan B. Peña, Elián P. Cabrera-Nguyen, Diana Chaves, Rosa Fernández

Elián P. Cabrera-Nguyen

This scientific report on risk behaviors among adolescents in the Dominican Republic (DR) was prepared for the DR Ministry of Education. The study used a stratified cluster design of public high schools in the DR with sample weights. The questionnaire included items from the 2009 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Results of this nationally representative survey were presented to a delegation from the DR Ministry of Education at Washington University's Brown School. This report was also presented at the Autonomous University of Santo Domingo. Dr. Juan Peña, assistant professor at Washington University's Brown School, was the PI and is ...


Gender Differences In Fatigue Associated With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Ann L. Eckhardt, Michelle M. Fennessy, Anne M. Fink, Jessica Jones, Donna K. Kruse, Kathryn J. VanderZwan, Catherine J. Ryan, Julie Johnson Zerwic 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

Gender Differences In Fatigue Associated With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Ann L. Eckhardt, Michelle M. Fennessy, Anne M. Fink, Jessica Jones, Donna K. Kruse, Kathryn J. Vanderzwan, Catherine J. Ryan, Julie Johnson Zerwic

Ann L. Eckhardt

Fatigue is a symptom of acute myocardial infarction (AMI); however, few studies have characterized the fatigue associated with AMI in men and women.


Association Between Weekend Hospital Presentation And Stroke Fatality, Gustavo Saposnik 2009 St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto

Association Between Weekend Hospital Presentation And Stroke Fatality, Gustavo Saposnik

Gustavo Saposnik

No abstract provided.


Risk Of Premature Stroke In Recent Immigrants (Presario): Population-Based Matched Cohort Study., Gustavo Saposnik 2009 St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto

Risk Of Premature Stroke In Recent Immigrants (Presario): Population-Based Matched Cohort Study., Gustavo Saposnik

Gustavo Saposnik

No abstract provided.


Myocardial Infarction Associated With Recency Of Immigration To Ontario., Gustavo Saposnik 2009 St Michael's Hospital, University of Toronto

Myocardial Infarction Associated With Recency Of Immigration To Ontario., Gustavo Saposnik

Gustavo Saposnik

No abstract provided.


Research Domain Criteria (Rdoc): Toward A New Classification Framework For Research On Mental Disorders, Thomas R. Insel, Bruce N. Cuthbert, Marjorie A. Garvey, Robert K. Heinssen, Daniel S. Pine, Kevin J. Quinn, Charles A. Sanislow, Philip S. Wang 2009 Wesleyan University

Research Domain Criteria (Rdoc): Toward A New Classification Framework For Research On Mental Disorders, Thomas R. Insel, Bruce N. Cuthbert, Marjorie A. Garvey, Robert K. Heinssen, Daniel S. Pine, Kevin J. Quinn, Charles A. Sanislow, Philip S. Wang

Charles A. Sanislow, Ph.D.

Current versions of the DSM and ICD have facilitated reliable clinical diagnosis and research. However, problems have increasingly been documented over the past several years, both in clinical and research arenas (e.g., 1, 2). Diagnostic categories based on clinical consensus fail to align with findings emerging from clinical neuroscience and genetics. The boundaries of these categories have not been predictive of treatment response. And, perhaps most important, these categories, based upon presenting signs and symptoms, may not capture fundamental underlying mechanisms of dysfunction. One consequence has been to slow the development of new treatments targeted to underlying pathophysiological mechanisms.


The Effects Of Short- And Long-Term Hypoxia On Hemolymph Gas Values In The American Horseshoe Crab (Limulus Polyphemus) Using A Point-Of-Care Analyzer, Matthew C. Allender, Juergen Schumacher, Robert George, Jennifer Milam, Agricola Odoi 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

The Effects Of Short- And Long-Term Hypoxia On Hemolymph Gas Values In The American Horseshoe Crab (Limulus Polyphemus) Using A Point-Of-Care Analyzer, Matthew C. Allender, Juergen Schumacher, Robert George, Jennifer Milam, Agricola Odoi

Agricola Odoi

Hemolymph gas parameters were evaluated using a point-of-care analyzer in healthy American horseshoe crabs (Limulus polyphemus) at rest and after short- and long-term removal from water. Baseline vascular pH, partial pressure of oxygen (PO2), partial pressure of carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, base excess, total carbon dioxide, and lactate concentrations were determined from hemolymph samples collected from 10 horseshoe crabs (group 1) submerged in water and were compared with values after removal from water for 5 min, and after recovery in water for 10 min and for longer than 60 min (range, 61-221 min). Hemolymph gas parameters were also determined in 12 ...


On The Statistical Accuracy Of Biomarker Assays Of Hiv Incidence, Ron Brookmeyer 2009 University of California, Los Angeles

On The Statistical Accuracy Of Biomarker Assays Of Hiv Incidence, Ron Brookmeyer

Ron Brookmeyer

Objective: To evaluate the statistical accuracy of estimates of current HIV incidence rates from cross-sectional surveys, and to identify characteristics of assays that improve accuracy.

Methods: Performed mathematical and statistical analysis of the cross-sectional estimator of HIV incidence to evaluate bias and variance. Developed probability models to evaluate impact of long tails of the window period distribution on accuracy.

Results: The standard cross-sectional estimate of HIV incidence rate is estimating a time-lagged incidence where the lag time, called the shadow, depends on the mean and the coefficient of variation of window periods. Equations show how the shadow increases with the ...


The Meaning Management Challenge: Making Sense Of Health, Illness, And Disease, Thomas Lawrence Long, Zhenyi Li 2009 University of Connecticut - Storrs

The Meaning Management Challenge: Making Sense Of Health, Illness, And Disease, Thomas Lawrence Long, Zhenyi Li

Thomas Lawrence Long

No abstract provided.


Descending Branch Of The Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery - Arterial Genicular Anastomoses, Maher Sabalbal 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Descending Branch Of The Lateral Circumflex Femoral Artery - Arterial Genicular Anastomoses, Maher Sabalbal

Vivian C. McAlister

Genicular collateral arterial circulation is required for perfusion of the lower leg should the superficial femoral artery (SFA) become obstructed by trauma or disease. When describing the anatomy, textbooks only provide a schematic representation of the genicular collateral circulation and suggest that the descending branch of the lateral circumflex artery (DBLCFA) plays a critical role. The DBLCFA may be removed for bypass and reconstructive surgeries; therefore, a sound anatomical description of this artery is essential. This study combines dissection with 3D reconstruction to describe the anatomy of the DBLCFA and to provide a morphological description of its involvement in the ...


Work Transition Tips 3-2010 Developing A Network Of Supports, Lynn Shaw Dr. 2009 Western University

Work Transition Tips 3-2010 Developing A Network Of Supports, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Prevalence And Correlates Of Physical Disability And Functional Limitation Among Community Dwelling Older People In Rural Malaysia, A Middle Income Country, Awang Bulgiba 2009 Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

Prevalence And Correlates Of Physical Disability And Functional Limitation Among Community Dwelling Older People In Rural Malaysia, A Middle Income Country, Awang Bulgiba

Awang Bulgiba Awang Mahmud

Background: The prevalence and correlates of physical disability and functional limitation among older people have been studied in many developed countries but not in a middle income country such as Malaysia. The present study investigated the epidemiology of physical disability and functional limitation among older people in Malaysia and compares findings to other countries. Methods: A population-based cross sectional study was conducted in Alor Gajah, Malacca. Seven hundred and sixty five older people aged 60 years and above underwent tests of functional limitation (Tinetti Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment Tool). Data were also collected for self reported activities of daily living ...


The Modified Ncep Atp Iii Criteria Maybe Better Than The Idf Criteria In Diagnosing Metabolic Syndrome Among Malays In Kuala Lumpur, Moy Foong Ming, Awang Bulgiba Awang Mahmud 2009 Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Building, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, MALAYSIA

The Modified Ncep Atp Iii Criteria Maybe Better Than The Idf Criteria In Diagnosing Metabolic Syndrome Among Malays In Kuala Lumpur, Moy Foong Ming, Awang Bulgiba Awang Mahmud

Moy Foong Ming

Background. Metabolic Syndrome is associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. However, different diagnostic criteria have been recommended by different expert groups. In Malaysia, there is a lack of research comparing these different diagnostic criteria. Therefore, it is our aim to study the concordance between the IDF and the modified NCEP ATP III definitions of Metabolic Syndrome among a Malay cohort in Kuala Lumpur; and to demonstrate if all participants have the same cardiometabolic risks. Methods. This was an analytical cross sectional study. Ethics approval was obtained and informed consent was given by all participants. Anthropometric ...


Work Transition Tips 1-2010, Lynn Shaw Dr. 2009 Western University

Work Transition Tips 1-2010, Lynn Shaw Dr.

Lynn Shaw

No abstract provided.


Applicability Of A Video Intervention To Increase Informed Decision Making For Prostate Specific Antigen (Psa) Testing Among African-American Men With Different Levels Of Health Literacy, Levi Ross, Alicestine D. Ashford, Sherese J. Bleechington, Tyra Dark, Deborah C. Erwin 2009 Georgia Southern University

Applicability Of A Video Intervention To Increase Informed Decision Making For Prostate Specific Antigen (Psa) Testing Among African-American Men With Different Levels Of Health Literacy, Levi Ross, Alicestine D. Ashford, Sherese J. Bleechington, Tyra Dark, Deborah C. Erwin

Levi Ross

Purpose: To evaluate the applicability of an evidence-based video intervention to promote informed decision making for prostate cancer (CaP) screening among African-American men with different levels of health literacy.

Methods: Forty nine African-American men participated in interviewer-administered, pretest-posttest interviews between January and March 2008. Health literacy status was assessed with the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA). Repeated measures analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), McNemar or binomial distributions were computed to assess pretest/posttest differences in knowledge. Descriptive statistics were produced to describe participants’ perceptions of the information presented in the video.

Results: Results indicated that men with functional ...


Semiparametric Analysis Of Recurrent Events: Artificial Censoring, Truncation, Pairwise Estimation And Inference, Debashis Ghosh 2009 Penn State University

Semiparametric Analysis Of Recurrent Events: Artificial Censoring, Truncation, Pairwise Estimation And Inference, Debashis Ghosh

Debashis Ghosh

The analysis of recurrent failure time data from longitudinal studies can be complicated by the presence of dependent censoring. There has been a substantive literature that has developed based on an artificial censoring device. We explore in this article the connection between this class of methods with truncated data structures. In addition, a new procedure is developed for estimation and inference in a joint model for recurrent events and dependent censoring. Estimation proceeds using a mixed U-statistic based estimating function approach. New resampling-based methods for variance estimation and model checking are also described. The methods are illustrated by application to ...


Falls, Fall Sequale, And Healthcare In Aging Community Dwelling Elderly Cancer Survivors, Sandra Spoelstra 2009 Grand Valley State University

Falls, Fall Sequale, And Healthcare In Aging Community Dwelling Elderly Cancer Survivors, Sandra Spoelstra

Sandra L. Spoelstra, PhD, RN, FGSA, FAAN

The influence of cancer on elderly is examined in a Home and Community Based Waiver program during 2002-2007. A comparison of with cancer (865) to without cancer (8617) on falls, fractures and healthcare use occurred. Data were obtained from Minimum Data Set assessments, vital records, and claims. Mean age was 77.1 years, 67.8% female, 74.0% Caucasian. Cancers was 92.7% > stage 2. Falls were 35.9% (304) with cancer and 25.3% (2,174) with non-cancer, a significant difference (p-value 0.01); hip fractures were 4.6% (38) and 5.3% (449) p-value 0.38; service use ...


The Influence Of Medications On Falls In Community Dwelling Elderly, Sandra Spoelstra 2009 Grand Valley State University

The Influence Of Medications On Falls In Community Dwelling Elderly, Sandra Spoelstra

Sandra L. Spoelstra, PhD, RN, FGSA, FAAN

Problem Statement Medication use can place older adults at risk for falls and increased health care utilization. A need exists to better understand medication use in the community dwelling elderly and how it may contribute to falls and utilization of health care services. This study compares and contrasts those elderly with a significant amount of medications to those without a significant amount of medications to determine if certain types, as well as the number of medications impacts falls. The hypothesis is that there is a relationship between patients with more medications or between certain of these drug classes and falls ...


Frailty And Falls In Commuity Dwelling Elderly Cancer Survivors, Sandra Spoelstra 2009 Grand Valley State University

Frailty And Falls In Commuity Dwelling Elderly Cancer Survivors, Sandra Spoelstra

Sandra L. Spoelstra, PhD, RN, FGSA, FAAN

Aim:
Cancer survivors are diagnosed at an older age, with treatment often complicated by comorbidities which may exacerbate functional decline. The purposes of this study were to examine1) the effect of cancer diagnosis on frailty (activities of daily living, cognition, depression, incontinence, weight loss, vision, and hearing) and 2) differences in falls by site, stage, or cancer treatment. The hypothesis is that elderly cancer survivors experience the influence of the disease or treatment of cancer, and have increased frailty and falls. A synthesized aging and nursing model of care is being used.
 
Method:
This is a longitudinal, retrospective, cohort study ...


Judicial Decision Making About Forensic Mental Health Evidence, Richard E. Redding, Daniel C. Murrie 2009 Chapman University School of Law

Judicial Decision Making About Forensic Mental Health Evidence, Richard E. Redding, Daniel C. Murrie

Richard E. Redding

Judges play a central role in decision making in the justice system. This chapter reviews the extant empirical research on judicial decision making in criminal, juvenile, and civil cases. We discuss judges’ decision making about forensic mental health evidence introduced in these cases, judicial receptivity to various kinds of evidence, and their understanding of clinical and scientific evidence as well as the ways they make rulings about such evidence. We focus on decision making at the trial court level, in those arenas that are most relevant to the forensic mental health practitioner (psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker) who is called ...


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