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Measuring Parental Barriers To Childhood Immunizations: The Development And Validation Of The Searching For Hardships And Obstacles To Shots (Shots) Instrument, Victoria Niederhauser 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Measuring Parental Barriers To Childhood Immunizations: The Development And Validation Of The Searching For Hardships And Obstacles To Shots (Shots) Instrument, Victoria Niederhauser

Victoria Niederhauser

There is a plethora of literature on barriers to immunizations; however, these studies lack standardization of measurement. The aim of this study was to develop and establish an initial psychometric evaluation of an instrument to measure parental barriers to childhood immunizations. This was a cross-sectional study design. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, reliability estimates, item analysis, and factor analysis. Six hundred and fifty-five participants completed the survey. The Searching for Hardships and Obstacles to Shots instrument was developed with 60 items and reduced to 23 items thorough multiple statistical computations; the best factor model was a three-factor solution (Access to ...


Bovine Enucleation: A Retrospective Study Of 53 Cases (1998-2006)., K. Schulz, David Anderson 2009 Kansas State University

Bovine Enucleation: A Retrospective Study Of 53 Cases (1998-2006)., K. Schulz, David Anderson

David Edgar Anderson, DVM, MS, DACVS

Medical records of 53 cattle undergoing enucleation (1998-2006) were reviewed. Assessments of the outcomes were done via client surveys. Descriptive statistics were generated on the affected population, the underlying disease, the complications, and the length of retention within the herd. Hereford cattle comprised the majority of the cases (30/53; 57%). Most cattle (84.9%) were diagnosed with ocular squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Follow-up information was available for 22 cattle. Para-orbital infection was documented in 10 of 53 cattle (19%). Five cattle died of various causes 2 months to several years after enucleation. One cow was culled due to recurrence ...


Parelaphostrongylus Tenuis-Associated Meningoencephalitis In A Sika Deer (Cervus Nippon), Richard Gerhold Jr., M Keel, K Arnold, D Hotton, R Beckstead 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Parelaphostrongylus Tenuis-Associated Meningoencephalitis In A Sika Deer (Cervus Nippon), Richard Gerhold Jr., M Keel, K Arnold, D Hotton, R Beckstead

Richard W. Gerhold Jr., DVM, MS, PhD

An adult, female, free-ranging, sika deer (Cervus nippon yakushimae) from Wicomico County, Maryland, USA, was found circling and having no fear of humans. The animal was euthanized and submitted for a postmortem exam. There were no gross lesions and the deer was negative for rabies. Microscopic examination revealed lymphoplasmacytic, neutrophilic, and eosinophilic meningoencephalitis with intralesional adult nematodes, larvae, and eggs consistent with nematodes in the family Protostrongylidae. Parelaphostrongylus tenuis was identified by polymerase chain reaction and DNA sequencing. To our knowledge, this is the first report of P. tenuis-associated encephalitis in a sika deer.


Characterization Of Multiple Acquired Portosystemic Shunts Using Transplenic Portal Scintigraphy, Federica Morandi, Patricia Sura, Dorothy Sharp, Gregory Daniel 2009 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Characterization Of Multiple Acquired Portosystemic Shunts Using Transplenic Portal Scintigraphy, Federica Morandi, Patricia Sura, Dorothy Sharp, Gregory Daniel

Federica Morandi

We describe the scintigraphic patterns observed in 14 patients with confirmed multiple portosystemic shunts imaged via transplenic portal scintigraphy. Parameters evaluated included presence of multiple anomalous vessels, presence of hepatofugal flow caudal to spleen, and/or to cranial margin of the kidneys, slow absorption resulting in longer spleen to heart transit time, and presence of biphasic or fragmented bolus. Twenty-eight additional patients, 14 with a confirmed single portocaval and 14 with a portoazygos shunt, were used for comparison. Nine of 14 (64.3%) patients with multiple shunts had multiple vessels, five (35.7%) had a biphasic bolus, 13 (92.9 ...


Inhibition Of Feline Herpesvirus 1 Replication In Vitro By Small Interfering Rnas, Rebecca Wilkes, Stephen Kania 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Inhibition Of Feline Herpesvirus 1 Replication In Vitro By Small Interfering Rnas, Rebecca Wilkes, Stephen Kania

Stephen A Kania

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the ability of 5 small interfering RNAs (siRNAs) targeting mRNA of the feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1) DNA polymerase gene to reduce in vitro viral replication and gene expression of FHV-1, to evaluate combinations of these siRNAs with siRNAs that target the glycoprotein D gene of FHV-1, and to determine the combination or combinations of siRNAs that yield the greatest inhibition of in vitro viral replication. SAMPLE POPULATION: Cultured Crandell-Rees feline kidney (CRFK) cells. PROCEDURES: CRFK cells were transfected with siRNAs designed to target mRNA of the FHV-1 DNA polymerase gene. Effective treatment was determined by quantification of the ...


Testing Self-Efficacy As A Pathway That Supports Self Care Among Family Caregivers In A Psychoeducational Intervention, Marie Savundranayagam, M. Brintnall-Peterson 2009 Western University

Testing Self-Efficacy As A Pathway That Supports Self Care Among Family Caregivers In A Psychoeducational Intervention, Marie Savundranayagam, M. Brintnall-Peterson

Marie Y Savundranayagam

This study investigated the extent to which a psychoeducational intervention supports family-centered care by influencing health risk and self-care behaviors of caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (N = 325). Moreover, this study investigated the extent to which changes in self-efficacy explained changes in health risk and self-care behaviors. Data were analyzed using repeated measures and multivariate analysis of variance and multiple regression. Qualitative written accounts of the impact of the intervention augmented the quantitative findings. The study's findings revealed that family caregivers experienced reductions in health risk behaviors and improvements in exercise, stress management, and relaxation activities as ...


The Relation Of Aerobic Fitness To Neuroelectric Indices Of Cognitive And Motor Task Preparation, Jason Themanson, Keita Kamijo, Kevin O'leary, Matthew Pontifex, Charles Hillman 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

The Relation Of Aerobic Fitness To Neuroelectric Indices Of Cognitive And Motor Task Preparation, Jason Themanson, Keita Kamijo, Kevin O'Leary, Matthew Pontifex, Charles Hillman

Jason R. Themanson, Ph.D

The relation of aerobic fitness to task preparation was examined in a sample of young adults separated into higher- and lower-fit groups according to their maximal oxygen consumption. Participants performed a modified Sternberg working memory task under speed and accuracy instructions while measures of task performance and contingent negative variation (CNV) were collected. Analyses revealed no significant fitness differences between groups on task performance measures. However, frontal CNVamplitude was significantly larger for lower-fit participants compared to higher-fit participants during the speed instructions, an effect not found for the accuracy instructions. These results suggest that lower-fit individuals may rely to a ...


(99m)Tc-Dtpa Diuretic Renal Scintigraphy In Dogs With Nephroureterolithiasis, Silke Hecht, Meg Lawson, India Lane, Dorothy Sharp, Gregory Daniel 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

(99m)Tc-Dtpa Diuretic Renal Scintigraphy In Dogs With Nephroureterolithiasis, Silke Hecht, Meg Lawson, India Lane, Dorothy Sharp, Gregory Daniel

India F. Lane

This study evaluated the results of diuretic renal scintigraphy in dogs with urolithiasis. Eighty-three kidneys with nephroureterolithiasis +/- renal pelvis/ureteral dilation were included in the study. Sixty-three kidneys showed a non-obstructive pattern, with a steep drop or gradual downward slope of renal time-activity curve (TAG). Excretion half-time of radiopharmaceutical (T-1/2) was 3.99 (2.99 to 7.95) min. Three kidneys showed an obstructive pattern, with continuous rise of the TAG and median T-1/2 of -10.71 (-5.20 to -17.56) min. Fifteen kidneys had non-diagnostic studies characterized by flat TAG. Individual kidney glomerular filtration rate was ...


Go To Ruth's House: Ruth Lubic And Public Advocacy, Julie Fairman 2009 University of Pennsylvania

Go To Ruth's House: Ruth Lubic And Public Advocacy, Julie Fairman

Julie A Fairman

No abstract provided.


Congenital Skin Diseases, Mark Bohling 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Congenital Skin Diseases, Mark Bohling

Mark W. Bohling DVM, PhD

No abstract provided.


Improved Schizophrenia Patient’S Ability To Work And Live Independently In The Community: A Ten-Year Long-Term Outcome Study From Mumbai, India, Amresh Srivastava, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, Nilesh Shah, Gurusamy Chinnasamy 2009 University of Western Ontario

Improved Schizophrenia Patient’S Ability To Work And Live Independently In The Community: A Ten-Year Long-Term Outcome Study From Mumbai, India, Amresh Srivastava, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, Nilesh Shah, Gurusamy Chinnasamy

Amresh Srivastava

Background: The outcome of schizophrenia has several determinants. Socio-ecological factors, particularly living conditions, migration, community and culture, not only affect the level of risk but also the outcome. Mega cities around the world show a unique socio-ecological condition which has several challenges for mental health. The present study reports the long-term status of patients with schizophrenia in such a mega city - Mumbai, India. Aim: This study aims to reveal long-term outcome of patients suffering from schizophrenia with special reference to clinical symptoms and social functioning. Methods: The cohort for this study was drawn from a 10-year follow-up of first episode ...


Considerations For Culturally Appropriate Hiv/Aids Education Strategies In Belize: An Analytical Study Exploring The Relationship Between Knowledge And Stigma, C. McInnes, Treena Orchard, E. Druyts, R. Baird, W. Zhang, R. Hogg, P. VanDeusen 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Considerations For Culturally Appropriate Hiv/Aids Education Strategies In Belize: An Analytical Study Exploring The Relationship Between Knowledge And Stigma, C. Mcinnes, Treena Orchard, E. Druyts, R. Baird, W. Zhang, R. Hogg, P. Vandeusen

Dr. Treena Orchard

No abstract provided.


Consumption Smoothing And Hiv/Aids: The Case Of Two Communities In South Africa, Sebastian Linnemayr 2009 Rand Corporation

Consumption Smoothing And Hiv/Aids: The Case Of Two Communities In South Africa, Sebastian Linnemayr

Sebastian Linnemayr

HIV/AIDS threatens to overstretch the already frail informal safety nets in countries heavily affected by the epidemic, potentially making it difficult for households with HIV‐positive members to keep up appropriate consumption levels when experiencing shocks. These households may, in addition, face exclusion from informal insurance networks because of widespread stigmatization. Surprisingly, the resilience of informal networks to HIV‐related shocks and their uncertain worth for afflicted households in particular have not been empirically tested to date. Using 3 years of a novel panel data set from two poor South African communities experiencing HIV‐related illnesses and deaths, we ...


Grape Seed Proanthocyanidin Suppression Of Breast Cell Carcinogenesis Induced By Chronic Exposure To Combined 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone And Benzo[A]Pyrene, X Song, Kusum Rathore, N Siriwardhana, D Lin, Hwa-Chain Wang 2009 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

Grape Seed Proanthocyanidin Suppression Of Breast Cell Carcinogenesis Induced By Chronic Exposure To Combined 4-(Methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-Pyridyl)-1-Butanone And Benzo[A]Pyrene, X Song, Kusum Rathore, N Siriwardhana, D Lin, Hwa-Chain Wang

Kusum Rathore MS, PhD, College of Veterinary Medicine

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among women in northern America and northern Europe; dietary prevention is a cost-efficient strategy to reduce the risk of this disease. To identify dietary components for the prevention of human breast cancer associated with long-term exposure to environmental carcinogens, we studied the activity of grape seed proanthocyanidin extract (GSPE) in suppression of cellular carcinogenesis induced by repeated exposures to low doses of environmental carcinogens. We used combined carcinogens 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) and benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), at picomolar concentrations, to repeatedly treat noncancerous, human breast epithelial ...


An Overview Of Physical Growth And Maturation, Andrew Hills, Nuala Byrne 2009 Selected Works

An Overview Of Physical Growth And Maturation, Andrew Hills, Nuala Byrne

Nuala Byrne

No abstract provided.


Physical Inactivity, Appetite Regulation And Obesity, Neil King, Rachel Colley, Nuala Byrne, Andrew Hills 2009 Selected Works

Physical Inactivity, Appetite Regulation And Obesity, Neil King, Rachel Colley, Nuala Byrne, Andrew Hills

Nuala Byrne

No abstract provided.


A Review Of Autoimmune Diseases Associated With Cancer, Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Kurian Joseph, Thomas Miale 2009 University of Saskatchewan

A Review Of Autoimmune Diseases Associated With Cancer, Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Kurian Joseph, Thomas Miale

Edward Yu

The focus of this review is on the relationships between autoimmune diseases and cancer from two closely related perspectives: 1.Those autoimmune diseases which are often associated with malignancies. 2.Those prevalent cancers which may increase the risks of developing autoimmune disorders. The review concludes with a brief discussion of some selected innovative approaches to cancer immunotherapy.


The Antecedents And Outcomes Of Attachment And Sponsor Image Within Charity Sport Events, Kevin Filo, Daniel Funk, Danny O'Brien 2009 Bond University

The Antecedents And Outcomes Of Attachment And Sponsor Image Within Charity Sport Events, Kevin Filo, Daniel Funk, Danny O'Brien

Danny O'Brien

Sport events benefiting a charitable cause have emerged as meaningful experiences for participants. These charity sport events may allow event sponsors to shape perceptions of corporate image among event participants. Using the Psychological Continuum Model (PCM) as the theoretical framework, the factors that contribute to participants' perceptions of event sponsors are examined. The influence of this image of event sponsors on behavioral outcomes among participants is also investigated. A post-event questionnaire was administered to participants in a sport event (A^ = 672) to investigate the relationships among motives, sponsor image, event attachment, purchase intent, and future participation intent. Results reveal that ...


Finding Information By "Design": Search Strategies For Cardiothoracic And Vascular Anesthesia Literature, Denise Hersey, Viji Kurup 2009 Yale University

Finding Information By "Design": Search Strategies For Cardiothoracic And Vascular Anesthesia Literature, Denise Hersey, Viji Kurup

Denise Hersey

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Desired Outcomes Of An Undergraduate Education In Psychology From Departmental, Student, And Societal Perspectives, R. Landrum, Bernard Beins, Mukul Bhalla, Karen Brakke, Deborah Briihl, Rita Curl-Langager, Thomas Pusateri, Jaye Van Kirk 2009 Boise State University

Desired Outcomes Of An Undergraduate Education In Psychology From Departmental, Student, And Societal Perspectives, R. Landrum, Bernard Beins, Mukul Bhalla, Karen Brakke, Deborah Briihl, Rita Curl-Langager, Thomas Pusateri, Jaye Van Kirk

R. Eric Landrum

What are the desired outcomes of an undergraduate education in psychology? It is vital to identify the desired outcomes that benefit departments, students, and society, because the pursuit of these goals helps psychology educators achieve the best possible learning experience for their students. We purposely take a different approach to what might be expected of an outcomes chapter in a review of undergraduate psychology education. We address methods that departments and educational institutions use to assess the outcomes of psychology education from the standpoint of departmental performance and student achievement. We identify goals of the undergraduate experience held by psychology ...


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