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300,097 full-text articles. Page 11903 of 11911.

Effects Of Duration Of Untreated Psychosis On Long-Term Outcome Of ‘People Hospitalized With First Episode Schizophrenia”, Amresh Srivastava, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, Gurusamy Chinnasamy, Nilesh Shah 2009 University of Western Ontario

Effects Of Duration Of Untreated Psychosis On Long-Term Outcome Of ‘People Hospitalized With First Episode Schizophrenia”, Amresh Srivastava, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, Gurusamy Chinnasamy, Nilesh Shah

Amresh Srivastava

AIM: Duration of untreated psychosis (DUP), which has emerged as a reliable predictor of outcome continues to remain under scientific scrutiny . The present study examines effect of differential periods of DUP on long-term outcome of first episode schizophrenia at Mumbai, India. Method: This is a prospective, ten year follow up naturalistic study. Hospitalized patients of first episode schizophrenia were selected and followed up Results: The mean DUP was higher for group, which showed clinical recovery on Clinical Global Impression Scale [14.0 months (SD=8.0) in recovered and 10.8 months (SD=5.7) in non-recovered group (p=0.091)]. DUP was not found to be …


Conducting A Needs Assessment For A Nurse-Managed Multidisciplinary Clinic, Sharon Strang, D. Glick, L. Hulton 2009 James Madison University

Conducting A Needs Assessment For A Nurse-Managed Multidisciplinary Clinic, Sharon Strang, D. Glick, L. Hulton

Sharon L. Strang

No abstract provided.


Testing Self-Efficacy As A Pathway That Supports Self Care Among Family Caregivers In A Psychoeducational Intervention, Marie Savundranayagam, M. Brintnall-Peterson 2009 Western University

Testing Self-Efficacy As A Pathway That Supports Self Care Among Family Caregivers In A Psychoeducational Intervention, Marie Savundranayagam, M. Brintnall-Peterson

Marie Y Savundranayagam

This study investigated the extent to which a psychoeducational intervention supports family-centered care by influencing health risk and self-care behaviors of caregivers of individuals with Alzheimer's disease (N = 325). Moreover, this study investigated the extent to which changes in self-efficacy explained changes in health risk and self-care behaviors. Data were analyzed using repeated measures and multivariate analysis of variance and multiple regression. Qualitative written accounts of the impact of the intervention augmented the quantitative findings. The study's findings revealed that family caregivers experienced reductions in health risk behaviors and improvements in exercise, stress management, and relaxation activities as a …


The Relation Of Aerobic Fitness To Neuroelectric Indices Of Cognitive And Motor Task Preparation, Jason Themanson, Keita Kamijo, Kevin O'leary, Matthew Pontifex, Charles Hillman 2009 Illinois Wesleyan University

The Relation Of Aerobic Fitness To Neuroelectric Indices Of Cognitive And Motor Task Preparation, Jason Themanson, Keita Kamijo, Kevin O'Leary, Matthew Pontifex, Charles Hillman

Jason R. Themanson, Ph.D

The relation of aerobic fitness to task preparation was examined in a sample of young adults separated into higher- and lower-fit groups according to their maximal oxygen consumption. Participants performed a modified Sternberg working memory task under speed and accuracy instructions while measures of task performance and contingent negative variation (CNV) were collected. Analyses revealed no significant fitness differences between groups on task performance measures. However, frontal CNVamplitude was significantly larger for lower-fit participants compared to higher-fit participants during the speed instructions, an effect not found for the accuracy instructions. These results suggest that lower-fit individuals may rely to a …


Go To Ruth's House: Ruth Lubic And Public Advocacy, Julie Fairman 2009 University of Pennsylvania

Go To Ruth's House: Ruth Lubic And Public Advocacy, Julie Fairman

Julie A Fairman

No abstract provided.


Improved Schizophrenia Patient’S Ability To Work And Live Independently In The Community: A Ten-Year Long-Term Outcome Study From Mumbai, India, Amresh Srivastava, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, Nilesh Shah, Gurusamy Chinnasamy 2009 University of Western Ontario

Improved Schizophrenia Patient’S Ability To Work And Live Independently In The Community: A Ten-Year Long-Term Outcome Study From Mumbai, India, Amresh Srivastava, Larry Stitt, Meghana Thakar, Nilesh Shah, Gurusamy Chinnasamy

Amresh Srivastava

Background: The outcome of schizophrenia has several determinants. Socio-ecological factors, particularly living conditions, migration, community and culture, not only affect the level of risk but also the outcome. Mega cities around the world show a unique socio-ecological condition which has several challenges for mental health. The present study reports the long-term status of patients with schizophrenia in such a mega city - Mumbai, India. Aim: This study aims to reveal long-term outcome of patients suffering from schizophrenia with special reference to clinical symptoms and social functioning. Methods: The cohort for this study was drawn from a 10-year follow-up of first …


Considerations For Culturally Appropriate Hiv/Aids Education Strategies In Belize: An Analytical Study Exploring The Relationship Between Knowledge And Stigma, C. McInnes, Treena Orchard, E. Druyts, R. Baird, W. Zhang, R. Hogg, P. VanDeusen 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Considerations For Culturally Appropriate Hiv/Aids Education Strategies In Belize: An Analytical Study Exploring The Relationship Between Knowledge And Stigma, C. Mcinnes, Treena Orchard, E. Druyts, R. Baird, W. Zhang, R. Hogg, P. Vandeusen

Dr. Treena Orchard

No abstract provided.


Consumption Smoothing And Hiv/Aids: The Case Of Two Communities In South Africa, Sebastian Linnemayr 2009 Rand Corporation

Consumption Smoothing And Hiv/Aids: The Case Of Two Communities In South Africa, Sebastian Linnemayr

Sebastian Linnemayr

HIV/AIDS threatens to overstretch the already frail informal safety nets in countries heavily affected by the epidemic, potentially making it difficult for households with HIV‐positive members to keep up appropriate consumption levels when experiencing shocks. These households may, in addition, face exclusion from informal insurance networks because of widespread stigmatization. Surprisingly, the resilience of informal networks to HIV‐related shocks and their uncertain worth for afflicted households in particular have not been empirically tested to date. Using 3 years of a novel panel data set from two poor South African communities experiencing HIV‐related illnesses and deaths, we investigate the ability of …


An Overview Of Physical Growth And Maturation, Andrew Hills, Nuala Byrne 2009 Selected Works

An Overview Of Physical Growth And Maturation, Andrew Hills, Nuala Byrne

Nuala Byrne

No abstract provided.


Physical Inactivity, Appetite Regulation And Obesity, Neil King, Rachel Colley, Nuala Byrne, Andrew Hills 2009 Selected Works

Physical Inactivity, Appetite Regulation And Obesity, Neil King, Rachel Colley, Nuala Byrne, Andrew Hills

Nuala Byrne

No abstract provided.


A Review Of Autoimmune Diseases Associated With Cancer, Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Kurian Joseph, Thomas Miale 2009 University of Saskatchewan

A Review Of Autoimmune Diseases Associated With Cancer, Patricia Tai, Edward Yu, Kurian Joseph, Thomas Miale

Edward Yu

The focus of this review is on the relationships between autoimmune diseases and cancer from two closely related perspectives: 1.Those autoimmune diseases which are often associated with malignancies. 2.Those prevalent cancers which may increase the risks of developing autoimmune disorders. The review concludes with a brief discussion of some selected innovative approaches to cancer immunotherapy.


The Antecedents And Outcomes Of Attachment And Sponsor Image Within Charity Sport Events, Kevin Filo, Daniel Funk, Danny O'Brien 2009 Bond University

The Antecedents And Outcomes Of Attachment And Sponsor Image Within Charity Sport Events, Kevin Filo, Daniel Funk, Danny O'Brien

Danny O'Brien

Sport events benefiting a charitable cause have emerged as meaningful experiences for participants. These charity sport events may allow event sponsors to shape perceptions of corporate image among event participants. Using the Psychological Continuum Model (PCM) as the theoretical framework, the factors that contribute to participants' perceptions of event sponsors are examined. The influence of this image of event sponsors on behavioral outcomes among participants is also investigated. A post-event questionnaire was administered to participants in a sport event (A^ = 672) to investigate the relationships among motives, sponsor image, event attachment, purchase intent, and future participation intent. Results reveal …


Finding Information By "Design": Search Strategies For Cardiothoracic And Vascular Anesthesia Literature, Denise Hersey, Viji Kurup 2009 Yale University

Finding Information By "Design": Search Strategies For Cardiothoracic And Vascular Anesthesia Literature, Denise Hersey, Viji Kurup

Denise Hersey

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Desired Outcomes Of An Undergraduate Education In Psychology From Departmental, Student, And Societal Perspectives, R. Landrum, Bernard Beins, Mukul Bhalla, Karen Brakke, Deborah Briihl, Rita Curl-Langager, Thomas Pusateri, Jaye Van Kirk 2009 Boise State University

Desired Outcomes Of An Undergraduate Education In Psychology From Departmental, Student, And Societal Perspectives, R. Landrum, Bernard Beins, Mukul Bhalla, Karen Brakke, Deborah Briihl, Rita Curl-Langager, Thomas Pusateri, Jaye Van Kirk

R. Eric Landrum

What are the desired outcomes of an undergraduate education in psychology? It is vital to identify the desired outcomes that benefit departments, students, and society, because the pursuit of these goals helps psychology educators achieve the best possible learning experience for their students. We purposely take a different approach to what might be expected of an outcomes chapter in a review of undergraduate psychology education. We address methods that departments and educational institutions use to assess the outcomes of psychology education from the standpoint of departmental performance and student achievement. We identify goals of the undergraduate experience held by psychology …


Early Intervention In Psychotic Disorders: Challenges And Relevance In The Indian Context, Matcheri Keshavan, Amresh Shrivastava, Bangalore Gangadhar 2009 Harvard University

Early Intervention In Psychotic Disorders: Challenges And Relevance In The Indian Context, Matcheri Keshavan, Amresh Shrivastava, Bangalore Gangadhar

Amresh Srivastava

Over the last two decades, there has been an increasing interest in the concept of early intervention (EI) in psychotic disorders, notably schizophrenia. Several lines of research underlie this emerging paradigm shift: (a) an increasingly well-established association between the duration of prolonged untreated illness and poor outcome; (b) evidence of progressive neurobiological changes in the early course of schizophrenia both in the pre-psychotic and psychotic phases, as evidenced by brain imaging studies in schizophrenia; and (c) emerging data, albeit preliminary, suggesting the efficacy and effectiveness of EI programs in improving the outcome in these patients. Mental health service systems across …


Pkc Inhibition Increases Gap Junction Intercellular Communication And Cell Adhesion In Human Neuroblastoma, M. Morley, C. Jones, M. Sidhu, V. Gupta, S. Bernier, W. Rushlow, Daniel Belliveau 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Pkc Inhibition Increases Gap Junction Intercellular Communication And Cell Adhesion In Human Neuroblastoma, M. Morley, C. Jones, M. Sidhu, V. Gupta, S. Bernier, W. Rushlow, Daniel Belliveau

Daniel J. Belliveau

Abstract Gap junction intercellular communication and cell–cell adhesion are essential for maintaining a normal cellular phenotype, including the control of growth and proliferation. Loss of either cell–cell adhesion or communication is common in cancers, while restoration of function is associated with tumor suppression. Protein kinase C (PKC) isozymes regulate a broad spectrum of cellular functions including growth and proliferation, and their overexpression has been correlated with carcinogenesis. Consequently, PKC inhibitors are currently undergoing clinical trials as an anti-cancer agents although the precise cellular alterations induced by PKC inhibitors remain to be elucidated. In the current study, the effects of PKC …


Weight-Gain In Psychiatric Treatment: Risks, Implications, And Strategies For Prevention And Management, Amresh Srivastava, Megan Johnston 2009 University of Western Ontario

Weight-Gain In Psychiatric Treatment: Risks, Implications, And Strategies For Prevention And Management, Amresh Srivastava, Megan Johnston

Amresh Srivastava

Weight-gain in psychiatric populations is a common clinical challenge. Many patients suffering from mental disorders, when exposed to psychotropic medications, gain significant weight with or without other side-effects. In addition to reducing the patients' willingness to comply with treatment, this weight-gain may create added psychological or physiological problems that need to be addressed. Thus, it is critical that clinicians take precautions to monitor and control weight-gain and take into account and treat all problems facing an individual. In this review, we examine some of the key issues surrounding weight-gain in individuals suffering from mental disorders for contemporary practitioners in community …


How To Professionalise Your Practice As A Health Professions Educator, Michelle McLean 2009 Bond University

How To Professionalise Your Practice As A Health Professions Educator, Michelle Mclean

Michelle McLean

No abstract provided.


Impaired Expression And Function Of Toll-Like Receptor 7 In Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Human Hepatoma Cells, Serena Chang, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo 2009 University of Massachusetts Medical School

Impaired Expression And Function Of Toll-Like Receptor 7 In Hepatitis C Virus Infection In Human Hepatoma Cells, Serena Chang, Karen Kodys, Gyongyi Szabo

Gyongyi Szabo

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) interferes with interferon (IFN)-mediated innate immune defenses. Toll-like receptor (TLR) 7 agonists robustly inhibit HCV infection. We hypothesize that HCV infection may interfere with the expression and/or function of TLR7, a sensor of single-stranded RNA. We identified reduced TLR7 RNA and protein levels in hepatoma cells expressing HCV (full-length, BB7-subgenomic, and JFH-1 clone) compared with control HCV-naive cells. The biological relevance of this finding was confirmed by the observation of decreased TLR7 RNA in livers of HCV-infected patients compared with controls. HCV clearance, by IFN-alpha treatment or restrictive culture conditions, restored the decreased TLR7 expression. Treatment …


Lessons Learned From Research In Prodromal Phase Of Schizophrenia, Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston 2009 The University of Western Ontario

Lessons Learned From Research In Prodromal Phase Of Schizophrenia, Amresh Shrivastava, Megan Johnston

Amresh Srivastava

In the last ten years, a significant amount of research data has accumulated to identify and predict the vulnerability of individuals to develop psychosis. At a time when DSM-V academia is becoming active with field trials, researchers in prodromal psychosis research are arguing for inclusion of 'risk syndrome for psychosis,' which has generated an interesting debate. Studies indicate that approximately 80-85% of cases experience subsyndromal symptoms for a period lasting from several months to several years prior to the onset of the illness, including impaired perception, thought processes, subjective cognitive functions and mood. Also, much of the functional decline associated …


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