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Cesarean And Vbac Rates Among Immigrant Vs. Native-Born Women: A Retrospective Observational Study From Taiwan Cesarean Delivery And Vbac Among Immigrant Women In Taiwan, Jung-Chung Fu, Sudha Xirasagar, Jihong Liu, Janice C. Probst 2010 University of South Carolina - Columbia

Cesarean And Vbac Rates Among Immigrant Vs. Native-Born Women: A Retrospective Observational Study From Taiwan Cesarean Delivery And Vbac Among Immigrant Women In Taiwan, Jung-Chung Fu, Sudha Xirasagar, Jihong Liu, Janice C. Probst

Faculty Publications

Background:Cultural and ethnic roots impact women’s fertility and delivery preferences This study investigated whether the likelihood of cesarean delivery, primary cesarean, and vaginal delivery after cesarean (VBAC) varies by maternal national origin.

Mehods: We conducted a nation-wide, population-based, observational study using secondary data from Taiwan. De-identified data were obtained on all 392,246 singleton live births (≥500 g; ≥20 weeks) born to native-born Taiwanese, Vietnamese and mainland Chinese-born mothers between January 1 2006 and December 31 2007 from Taiwan’s nation-wide birth certificate data. Our analytic samples consisted of the following: for overall cesarean likelihood 392,246 births, primary cesarean 336,766 (excluding …


The Prognostic Potential Of The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor And Nuclear Factor Kappa B Pathways And Associated Therapeutic Strategies In Patients With Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Head And Neck, Pamela Wirth 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Prognostic Potential Of The Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor And Nuclear Factor Kappa B Pathways And Associated Therapeutic Strategies In Patients With Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Head And Neck, Pamela Wirth

Theses and Dissertations

Little is known about the signaling pathways that contribute to treatment response in advanced stage head and neck tumors. Increased expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and downstream pathways such as nuclear factor kappa B (NFκB) are implicated in aggressive tumor phenotypes and limited response to therapy. This study explored the rationale for combining the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib with the EGFR inhibitor gefitinib in a subset of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas with high EGFR gene amplification. Drug responses of gefitinib and bortezomib as single agents and in combination within head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines …


The Effects Of Pet Ownership On Physical Well-Being In Older Adults, Tami Pohnert 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Effects Of Pet Ownership On Physical Well-Being In Older Adults, Tami Pohnert

Theses and Dissertations

A large percentage of Americans own pets which may impact their health. This study examines pet ownership’s effect on well being in older adults looking at race/ethnicity. A sample of 6,565 older adults (>60) was selected from the Third National Health and Nutrition Survey. Pet owners comprised 28.3% of the sample. The theories of symbolic interaction and social integration were used to examine pet ownership’s effect on physical components of well-being. The descriptive results showed statistically significant differences in age, education, income, and marital status between pet owners and non-pet owners. Pet owners were younger, more educate, higher income …


Merging Informatics And Respiratory To Improve Research And Patient Care Outcomes, Diane Horoski, Robert Leshko BS,RRT, Kenneth Miller MEd, RRT-NPS, Angela Lutz BS, RRT-NPS 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Merging Informatics And Respiratory To Improve Research And Patient Care Outcomes, Diane Horoski, Robert Leshko Bs,Rrt, Kenneth Miller Med, Rrt-Nps, Angela Lutz Bs, Rrt-Nps

Patient Care Services / Nursing

No abstract provided.


The Development Of A Formal Preceptor Model To Improve Departmental Mentorship, Angela Lutz BS, RRT-NPS, Kenneth Miller MEd, RRT-NPS, Linda Cornman BS, RRT-NPS, Uma Bhatt RRT, Bryn Surgeoner RRT 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

The Development Of A Formal Preceptor Model To Improve Departmental Mentorship, Angela Lutz Bs, Rrt-Nps, Kenneth Miller Med, Rrt-Nps, Linda Cornman Bs, Rrt-Nps, Uma Bhatt Rrt, Bryn Surgeoner Rrt

Patient Care Services / Nursing

No abstract provided.


Is Fetal Fibronectin (Ffn) A Markerof Intra-Amniotic Inflammation In Patients With Midtrimester Short Cervix?, Orion Rust MD, Daniel G. Kiefer MD, Sean M. Keeler MD, Michael Demishev MD, Jolene C. Muscat MD, Eran Bornstein MD, Nazeeh Hanna MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Is Fetal Fibronectin (Ffn) A Markerof Intra-Amniotic Inflammation In Patients With Midtrimester Short Cervix?, Orion Rust Md, Daniel G. Kiefer Md, Sean M. Keeler Md, Michael Demishev Md, Jolene C. Muscat Md, Eran Bornstein Md, Nazeeh Hanna Md

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


Rare Diagnosis Of Vaginal Atresia In A Patient With Vater Syndrome And Primary Amenorrhea, Doreen Kyere MD, MPH, Rochelle Steiner-Friel MD, Sarah Stevens MD, MPH 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Rare Diagnosis Of Vaginal Atresia In A Patient With Vater Syndrome And Primary Amenorrhea, Doreen Kyere Md, Mph, Rochelle Steiner-Friel Md, Sarah Stevens Md, Mph

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital Payment On The Provision Of Hospital Uncompensated Care And Quality Of Care, Hui-Min Hsieh 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Impact Of Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital Payment On The Provision Of Hospital Uncompensated Care And Quality Of Care, Hui-Min Hsieh

Theses and Dissertations

Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) payment is one of the major funds supporting health care providers as they treat low-income patients. However, Medicaid DSH payments have been targeted for major budget cuts in many health policy reforms. This study examines the association between the changes in Medicaid DSH payments resulting from the BBA policy changes and hospital outcomes, in terms of hospital provision of uncompensated care and quality of care. Economic theory of non-profit hospital behavior is used as a conceptual framework, and longitudinal data for California short-term, non-federal general acute care hospitals for 1996-2003 are examined. California was especially …


Stomach “Gyri” With Protein Losing Enteropathy: Report Of A New Perpetrator, Mennal Kapoor MD, Jesenia DuPrey KM, Shameer Ahmed, Yehia Y. Mishriki MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Stomach “Gyri” With Protein Losing Enteropathy: Report Of A New Perpetrator, Mennal Kapoor Md, Jesenia Duprey Km, Shameer Ahmed, Yehia Y. Mishriki Md

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


The Role Of The Methyl Dna Binding Domain Protein 2 (Mbd2) In Breast Cancer, Omar Mian 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

The Role Of The Methyl Dna Binding Domain Protein 2 (Mbd2) In Breast Cancer, Omar Mian

Theses and Dissertations

Methyl-CpG Binding Proteins (MCBPs) are thought to function as the interpreters of epigenetic information encoded in cytosine methylation. Their ability to translate DNA methylation into local transcriptional repression has sparked interest in the role of Methyl-Binding Domain Proteins (MBDs) in cancer, where repatterning of CpG methylation is common. In this dissertation I summarize and discuss observations made in the Ginder Lab linking MCBPs to the progression of neoplastic disease. It is clear from our work that the Methyl Binding Domain Protein 2 (MBD2) is necessary for the persistent repression of critical tumor suppressor genes in breast cancer. We show that …


Alternative Regulation Of The Alginate Algd Operon By An Activated Algb In Nonmucoid Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Is Dependent On Sigma 54, Jean Kim 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

Alternative Regulation Of The Alginate Algd Operon By An Activated Algb In Nonmucoid Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Is Dependent On Sigma 54, Jean Kim

Theses and Dissertations

Alginate overproduction by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, which causes a mucoid phenotype, is a major virulence factor associated with chronic pulmonary infections in cystic fibrosis patients. Expression of the algD operon for alginate biosynthesis requires three major regulators in association with the ECF sigma factor, σ22, in mucoid strains that are typically defective in anti-sigma factor, MucA. One such algD regulator is AlgB, a member of the NtrC family of two-component systems, which typically utilize σ54. However, neither σ54 nor the cognate sensor kinase (KinB) of AlgB are required for algD expression in such mucoid strains. I hypothesized that KinB-phosphorylated AlgB must …


In-Vitro Metabolism And Protein Binding Of 5-Hmf, A Potential Antisickling Agent, Taghrid Obied 2010 Virginia Commonwealth University

In-Vitro Metabolism And Protein Binding Of 5-Hmf, A Potential Antisickling Agent, Taghrid Obied

Theses and Dissertations

Purpose. 5-HMF is a potential antisickling agent forming a Schiff-adduct with hemoglobin (Hb). In-vitro studies were designed to identify the metabolic pathways of 5-HMF in human hepatic cytosol, to assess inter-species differences in its hepatic metabolism, and to predict in-vivo PK properties. Moreover, metabolism of 5-HMF in human RBCs was investigated. Finally, in-vitro studies were done to characterize 5-HMF binding kinetics with human Hb and albumin (HSA). Methods. NAD+ reduction was monitored at 340 nm in human hepatic cytosol for 5-HMF (26 mM) and prototypical ADH and ALDH substrates in the presence or absence of their inhibitors. Furthermore, concentration-dependency studies …


Primary And Preventive Care In Ob-Gyn Interventions In Assessment And Documentation, Kimberly McGill MD, Joseph Patruno MD 2010 Lehigh Valley Health Network

Primary And Preventive Care In Ob-Gyn Interventions In Assessment And Documentation, Kimberly Mcgill Md, Joseph Patruno Md

Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology

No abstract provided.


Ada News Convention Daily - 2010 Day 3, American Dental Association, Publishing Division 2010 American Dental Association

Ada News Convention Daily - 2010 Day 3, American Dental Association, Publishing Division

ADA News

The ADA News Daily (also called the ADA News Convention Daily) is a special edition of the ADA News published each day during American Dental Association Annual Sessions.


Can There Be A Progressive Bioethics?, Richard O. Lempert 2010 University of Michigan Law School

Can There Be A Progressive Bioethics?, Richard O. Lempert

Book Chapters

Progressive bioethics-the words are not an oxymoron. Far from it; they are more redundant than oppositional. Yet they leave me almost as uneasy, as if they were contradictory. My unease exists because bioethics should be neither progressive nor regressive, neither right wing nor left wing, neither liberal nor conservative. It should be just good, sound ethics applied to the often difficult moral problems posed by present-day medicine and the genomic revolution.

I do not mean to suggest by this that all bioethicists need agree. Respectable ethicists using established modes of ethical analysis have long disagreed on and argued for different …


Special Issues In Transcultural, Transracial, And Gay And Lesbian Parenting And Adoption, Frank E. Vandervort, Robert B. Sanoshy 2010 University of Michigan Law School

Special Issues In Transcultural, Transracial, And Gay And Lesbian Parenting And Adoption, Frank E. Vandervort, Robert B. Sanoshy

Book Chapters

The adoption of children whose natural parents are unable to or incapable of caring for them by adults who are able to provide for them has existed throughout human history in one form or another (In re Smith Estate 1955; Miller et al. 2007). Before the mid-1800s, however, there was no formal mechanism for a person interested in adopting a child in the United States to do so (Bartholet 1999). In 1851, the Massachusetts legislature enacted the Massachusetts Adoption of Children Act (General Court of Massachusetts 1851). Though enacted more than 150 years ago, the act's basic structure is clearly …


The Role Of Fat Mass Index In Determining Obesity, Gerson Peltz, Maria Teresa Aguirre, Maureen Sanderson, Mary K. Fadden 2010 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley

The Role Of Fat Mass Index In Determining Obesity, Gerson Peltz, Maria Teresa Aguirre, Maureen Sanderson, Mary K. Fadden

Health & Biomedical Sciences Faculty Publications and Presentations

Objectives: The objective of this study is to compare body mass index (BMI), percent body fat (PBF), and fat mass index (FMI) and to investigate the accuracy of FMI as a convenient tool for assessing obesity.

Design: Anthropometric measurements and bioelectrical impedance analyses were performed on 538 Mexican Americans (373 women and 165 men). Correlations between BMI and PBF and between FMI and PBF were investigated. The percentage of persons misclassified as obese using different classifications was calculated. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to generate predictive models of FMI for males and females separately.

Results: BMI and PBF were …


In Vivo And In Vitro Pathogenesis Of Francisella Asiatica In Tilapia Nilotica (Oreochromis Niloticus), Esteban Soto 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

In Vivo And In Vitro Pathogenesis Of Francisella Asiatica In Tilapia Nilotica (Oreochromis Niloticus), Esteban Soto

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Francisella asiatica is a Gram negative, facultative intracellular pathogen that causes fish francisellosis. In this project, homologues to the F. tularensis iglABCD genes were found present in F. asiatica. As few as 23 F. asiatica bacteria injected in the peritoneum were found capable of causing mortalities in tilapia nilotica (Oreochromis niloticus), and even fewer were enough to cause pathological changes. We examined the in vivo and in vitro interaction of F. asiatica wild type (WT) and a ÄiglC strain with tilapia and tilapia head kidney derived macrophages (HKDM). The ÄiglC was found to be attenuated following intraperitoneal and immersion challenges …


Role Of Gastrointestinal Multidrug Resistance (Mdr1) Gene And P-Glycoprotein (P-Gp) In The Oral Absorption Of Methadone In Horses, Renata Lehn Linardi 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

Role Of Gastrointestinal Multidrug Resistance (Mdr1) Gene And P-Glycoprotein (P-Gp) In The Oral Absorption Of Methadone In Horses, Renata Lehn Linardi

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Methadone is a mu-opioid receptor agonist which is a very effective analgesic used to treat moderate to severe acute and chronic pain in humans. Due to methadone’s minimal undesirable side-effects in people, we believed it could be of use in horses as an analgesic agent. As found with the majority of lipophilic drugs, absorption of methadone occurs primarily in the small intestine via transcellular transport and its absorption is regulated by P-glycoprotein. P-glycoprotein is a transmembrane transporter protein encoded by the multidrug resistance gene, which is constitutively expressed in the apical membrane of enterocytes of various species. This protein may …


The Auxiliary System Of Typically Developing Children Acquiring African American English, Brandi Lynette Newkirk 2010 Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College

The Auxiliary System Of Typically Developing Children Acquiring African American English, Brandi Lynette Newkirk

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

This study’s purpose was to examine the acquisition and use of BE, DO, and modal auxiliaries by African American English (AAE)-speaking children. The impetus for this work was the lack of information regarding the developmental trajectory of these auxiliary types and their use, in AAE relative to what is known about auxiliary acquisition and use in Mainstream American English (MAE). The study used two datasets of language samples: one that contained 48 language samples from 3 ½-year-old children and one that contained 36 longitudinal language samples of five children who were between 18 and 51 months of age. Results from …


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