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Stress As A Contributing Factor For Pediatric Obesity: Literature Review And Internship Experience, Jessica Handley 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Stress As A Contributing Factor For Pediatric Obesity: Literature Review And Internship Experience, Jessica Handley

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

This article is an examination of how stress drives diet and physical activity behaviors that contribute to pediatric obesity in the United States. An increasing rate of childhood obesity is being reported in the United States and therefore a multitude of studies and reviews have been conducted on the topic. This review of the literature systematically analyzes how stress, diet, and physical activity behaviors contribute to this rising rate of pediatric obesity. An analysis of the chosen articles for review indicates that stress and its counterpart (resilience) tend to be driving forces in how American children and adolescents participate in ...


The Opioid Crisis: Evaluating Current Practices And Outcomes For Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Deborah A. Mendoza 2021 Dominican University of California

The Opioid Crisis: Evaluating Current Practices And Outcomes For Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome, Deborah A. Mendoza

Nursing | Senior Theses

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) in the infant are severe symptoms from opioid exposure in utero. These symptoms include: “central nervous system irritability, autonomic over-reactivity, and gastrointestinal tract dysfunction” (Ko et al., 2016). The treatment for NAS can be a combination of drug therapy and non-pharmacological interventions, but a standardized treatment is lacking. A review of this literature aims to evaluate the available interventions that lead to decreased symptom severity, reduction of length of hospital stay, and a reduction in the use of drug therapy. As a result of the literature review, the nurse researcher supports the standardization of treatment and ...


Treatment Anxiety Education For Pediatric Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Patients, An Evidence Based Project, Mary Nagel 2021 University of San Diego

Treatment Anxiety Education For Pediatric Cardiac Neurodevelopmental Patients, An Evidence Based Project, Mary Nagel

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Abstract

Background

Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common birth defect and affects almost 1% of all live births. Treatment anxiety is common among children with CHD who undergo multiple procedures early in their lifetime. Dramatically increased life spans for this cardiac population has led to a shift from focusing on survival to their long-term health outcomes.

Methods:

Administration of the Peds QL Cardiac Module 3.0 assesses health related quality of life (HRQOL) during annual visits to a Cardiac Neurodevelopmental (ND) Clinic by evaluating the level of Treatment Anxiety a patient experiences during healthcare appointments. The questionnaire scores ...


Managing Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis In The Allergy Clinic: Use Of An Eczema Action Plan To Improve Caregiver Understanding And Self-Efficacy, A Pilot Study, Danielle Hubacek 2021 University of San Diego

Managing Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis In The Allergy Clinic: Use Of An Eczema Action Plan To Improve Caregiver Understanding And Self-Efficacy, A Pilot Study, Danielle Hubacek

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Eczema, or atopic dermatitis, is a complex and chronic condition that affects approximately 10% of children throughout the United States (Brown et al., 2018). The American Academy of Allergy Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) (2017) estimates the average cost of eczema management for each patient is approximately $3,302 per year. The complex nature of atopic dermatitis indicates a need for individualized treatment plans. Research has shown that standardized patient teaching, written education materials, and Eczema Action Plans (EAP) reinforce patient teaching, parental understanding, and improve quality of life. This evidence-based practice (EBP) project introduces the use of a written Eczema Action ...


Sunscreen Use And Screening In College Athletes: An Evidence-Based Pilot Project, Nicole Brustkern BSN, RN, CPN, Sharon Boothe-Kepple PhD, MSN, FNP-C, PHN (Chickasaw) 2021 University of San Diego Hahn School of Nursing

Sunscreen Use And Screening In College Athletes: An Evidence-Based Pilot Project, Nicole Brustkern Bsn, Rn, Cpn, Sharon Boothe-Kepple Phd, Msn, Fnp-C, Phn (Chickasaw)

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Background: Melanoma is the third most common cancer in individuals ages 15 – 29. The greatest risk for melanoma is ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun. Collegiate athletes are exposed to 1,000 more sun hours per year than the average adult, placing them at higher risk for melanoma. Evidence supports sunscreen education and screening to promote protective behaviors in young adults.

Objective: This evidence-based pilot project implements the standardized screening of sunscreen use and sun protective behaviors in women’s soccer players ages 18 to 21 years old at the University of San Diego.

Methods: The Sun Exposure and Protection ...


Identifying Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) In A Federally Qualified Health Center Using The Pediatric Aces And Related Life Events Screener, Melody Albarran-Slovin, BSN, RN 2021 University of San Diego Hahn School of Nursing

Identifying Adverse Childhood Experiences (Aces) In A Federally Qualified Health Center Using The Pediatric Aces And Related Life Events Screener, Melody Albarran-Slovin, Bsn, Rn

Doctor of Nursing Practice Final Manuscripts

Background: Evidence links adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) to health issues later in life. Most research has been conducted in adults but there is a lack of recent research on the impact of ACEs in the pediatric population particularly in relation to mental health conditions. Utilizing the Pediatric ACEs Screener (PEARLS) health care providers can screen for ACEs at earlier ages.

Purpose: The aim of this evidence-based project is to determine if there is an increase of newly diagnosed mental health related disorders when using PEARLS compared to not using PEARLS in the previous months before implementation.

Methods: ACEs were identified ...


A Systematic Review: The Impact Of Social Support Programs On Caregiver Burnout For Caregivers Of Children With Cancer, Vanessa Otamendi, Jalaya Graves, Autumn Whitley, Joanna Juarez, Helena Walker 2021 Kennesaw State University

A Systematic Review: The Impact Of Social Support Programs On Caregiver Burnout For Caregivers Of Children With Cancer, Vanessa Otamendi, Jalaya Graves, Autumn Whitley, Joanna Juarez, Helena Walker

Symposium of Student Scholars

Title: A Systematic Review: The Impact of Social Support Programs on Caregiver Burnout for Caregivers of Children with Cancer

Background: In addition to children diagnosed with cancer, their caregivers may also experience hardship. While caregivers handle their own personal responsibilities, they also provide emotional, physical, and financial support to their children. In addition to the likely stress that occurs from caring for a child with a long-term illness, lack of social support, educational resources, or support programs may lead to caregiver burnout.

Objective: The purpose of the systematic review was to review published research focused on caregiver burnout for caregivers ...


Optimizing Mri Experience For Children Living With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Lyn Tran 2021 The University of San Francisco

Optimizing Mri Experience For Children Living With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Lyn Tran

Master's Theses

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in pediatric patients living with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is often complicated by challenges. The child perceives the MRI environment as abnormal and uncertain of the implications of the procedure. The child may exhibit distress becoming anxious and frightened, reluctant to enter the scanner, and unable to remain still throughout the duration of the procedure. The issue lies within the child’s mental and behavioral challenges to understand and follow the task demands to ensure safety and accurate acquisition of image artifacts. After reviewing literature, observing MRI protocol for pediatric patients, and conducting multiple nursing staff ...


Effects Of Insulin Delivery Pumps On Diabetic Adherence To Treatment In Children And Adolescents, Bailey Brott, Aubrey Crawford, Kynley Swain, Ally Williams, Virattana Phravorachit 2021 Kennesaw State University

Effects Of Insulin Delivery Pumps On Diabetic Adherence To Treatment In Children And Adolescents, Bailey Brott, Aubrey Crawford, Kynley Swain, Ally Williams, Virattana Phravorachit

Symposium of Student Scholars

Abstract

Effects of Insulin Delivery Pumps on Diabetic Adherence to Treatment in Children and Adolescents

Background: Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a chronic disease characterized by the inability of the body to create and release its own insulin to lower blood sugar. Automatic insulin delivery pumps are a substitute for glucose finger sticks and multiple daily injections to treat DM. These pumps measure patients' glucose levels and administer insulin as needed which may lead to better overall treatment adherence for children and adolescents diagnosed with DM.

Objective: This systematic review aimed to compare the effectiveness of insulin pumps on increased adherence ...


Optimizing Pediatric Experiences In Mri, Ryan Jann 2021 University of San Francisco

Optimizing Pediatric Experiences In Mri, Ryan Jann

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Over the past decade, the prevalence of children with sensory processing disorders has had a steep upward trend. Youth with hyposensitivity and hypersensitivity conditions often develop enhanced stress and anxiety during the pre-operative admission process in preparation for MRI procedures.

Context: Specialized interventions and accommodations are a necessity for this population however, no preventative measures have been utilized within the outpatient surgical center.

Interventions: Resources were created to better prepare patients and guardians for their MRI visits including: a Social Story Video, Picture & Activity Book, as well as an MRI Toolkit. In addition, a one hour staff inservice on ...


Effect Of Infant Breastfeeding Versus Formula Feeding For A Minimum Of One Month On Cognitive Outcomes In Early Childhood, Mary K. Bosson, Sarah Michelle Hodges, Madison Victoria Cavalli, Kaitlyn Grace Carmichael 2021 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

Effect Of Infant Breastfeeding Versus Formula Feeding For A Minimum Of One Month On Cognitive Outcomes In Early Childhood, Mary K. Bosson, Sarah Michelle Hodges, Madison Victoria Cavalli, Kaitlyn Grace Carmichael

EURēCA: Exhibition of Undergraduate Research and Creative Achievement

Cognitive development is an important part of infant growth since intellectual predilections in infancy set enduring patterns. Evidence supports that exclusive or mixed breastfeeding for at least one month may improve general child cognition scores. Breast milk contains nutrients such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), arachidonic acid (AA), zinc, choline, and vitamin B12 that enhance myelination in the brain to improve cognition. Even if formula is able to be fortified with these vitamins and minerals, formula-fed infants tend to experience slower digestion with less nutrient absorption. Despite the potential nutritional gains of breastfeeding, there is a knowledge gap regarding how long ...


Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Glycemic Control In Children And Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes, Julianna Morgan 2021 Duquesne University

Effects Of Socioeconomic Status On Glycemic Control In Children And Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes, Julianna Morgan

Undergraduate Research and Scholarship Symposium

The purpose of this research presentation is to identify the relationship between socioeconomic status and glycemic control in children and young adults living with Type 1 diabetes. Poor blood glucose regulation can often lead to various lasting complications such as chronic kidney disease, loss of eyesight, infection, and even death. These can be devastating to an individual, yet preventable. The complications resulting from the lack of strict glucose regulation are a significant problem currently facing healthcare and disproportionally affecting patients from lower socioeconomic groups. Using CINAHL, research studies about the relationship between type 1 diabetes control and socioeconomic status were ...


Tiny Tusks Internship: The Effect Of Health Care Providers' Education And Attitudes Toward Breastfeeding On The Mother's Decision To Breastfeed, Jocelyn Clark 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Tiny Tusks Internship: The Effect Of Health Care Providers' Education And Attitudes Toward Breastfeeding On The Mother's Decision To Breastfeed, Jocelyn Clark

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

There is a stigma surrounding breastfeeding in the public community, places of employment, and health care facilities. This paper focuses on the impact health care workers have on the mother's decision to breastfeed her infant, and her ability to continue breastfeeding as the primary source of infant nutrition. This paper includes experiences from an internship with Tiny Tusks, which provides breastfeeding support to mothers in the Northwest Arkansas area. Tiny Tusks allows for a better understanding of the community's breastfeeding needs and provides support to breastfeeding mothers in order to reduce the stigma associated with breastfeeding. In health ...


Tiny Tusks Internship: The Importance Of Breastfeeding Education In The Workplace, Gianna Hogan 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Tiny Tusks Internship: The Importance Of Breastfeeding Education In The Workplace, Gianna Hogan

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Breastfeeding education in public, especially in the workplace, is a concept that has a multitude of different perspectives. Research has shown that breastfeeding has many positive effects on mother and baby, that can be lessened due to the lack of breastfeeding support in various organizations. In this literature review, barriers to breastfeeding in the workplace were analyzed in order to understand the effects these barriers have on breastfeeding duration. In addition, this review helped emphasize the need for policies to be enacted in the workplace to better support breastfeeding mothers, and the impact these policies have on employee retention rates ...


The Changing Face In The Workplace: The Arrival Of The Millennial Generation, Sarah Clonch 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Changing Face In The Workplace: The Arrival Of The Millennial Generation, Sarah Clonch

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

The entrance of the Millennial generation into the nursing workforce signifies a bright future for the nursing profession and the nursing workforce. This study began with a current review of available research that identified the Millennial generation and their views toward job satisfaction and work engagement, as compared with Baby Boomer and Generation X nurses.

PubMed, CINAHL Complete, and Google Scholar databases were employed to find 15 peer-reviewed articles for evaluation. The research findings suggest that Millennial nurses have lower rates of job satisfaction and work engagement, compared to nurses of older generations. Overall, the extracted data results were significant ...


Tiny Tusks Internship: Barriers To Breastfeeding, Cameron Watson 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Tiny Tusks Internship: Barriers To Breastfeeding, Cameron Watson

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Undergraduate Honors Theses

Tiny Tusks Breastfeeding and Infant Support Internship allows students to gain insight on breastfeeding practices through volunteering at University of Arkansas sporting events. Therefore, I chose to review prevalent barriers to breastfeeding that mothers in the United States face. These mothers were at least one of these: Hispanic, Marshallese, African American, disabled, employed, a veteran, living in a rural area, or a woman of the general American population. This topic is relevant because of the many benefits that breastfeeding provides for both the baby and the mother.


Provider Perceptions On The Outcome Of Postpartum Depression Screening During Well- Child Visits, Natasha Patterson 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Provider Perceptions On The Outcome Of Postpartum Depression Screening During Well- Child Visits, Natasha Patterson

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Student Works

The US Preventative Task Force and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services recommend screening for perinatal and postpartum depression (PPD) during well-child visits that occur during the first year of the baby’s life. Postpartum means the time after childbirth, and postpartum depression is defined as a variant of major depressive disorder that occur during pregnancy or within 4 weeks of delivery. Current pediatric guidelines recommend that PPD screening occur at three to five days after birth and at one, two, four, six, nine and twelve month well-child evaluations during the first year of life. This DNP clinical inquiry project ...


Effects Of Heavy Screen Time On The Adolescent, Taylor Lim 2021 Dominican University of California

Effects Of Heavy Screen Time On The Adolescent, Taylor Lim

Nursing | Senior Theses

In today’s modern age, the great majority of society utilizes many readily available technological inventions. Adults have incorporated these creations not only into their daily lives, but also into the lives of their children. The current Covid-19 pandemic has taken away a key component of pediatric development, which is in-person schooling. Most children are attending school via online classes and a laptop, which adds more time on top of their usual daily screen time exposure. The current literature has studied the effects of high screen time consumption on the pediatric patient pertaining to body mass index, sleeping patterns, lifestyle ...


Altruism And Self-Concept In Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Nurses: Is There A Relationship With Reports Of Workplace Violence?, Minnette Markus-Rodden 2021 Seton Hall University

Altruism And Self-Concept In Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Nurses: Is There A Relationship With Reports Of Workplace Violence?, Minnette Markus-Rodden

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Incidents of workplace violence (WPV) are pervasive in healthcare settings. WPV in the US occurs four times more frequently in the healthcare sector than in the private sector. However, the true incidence of WPV in healthcare settings is thought to be much higher secondary to significant under-reporting. The American Nurses Association (2019) reports, while one in four nurses are assaulted, only 20-60% of the incidents are reported. This extensive range is due to the lack of an accepted definition of what constitutes WPV, variable reporting mechanisms, and an overall perception by healthcare workers that WPV is “part of the job ...


The Benefits Of Dogs For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Emma Raugh 2021 Liberty University

The Benefits Of Dogs For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Emma Raugh

Senior Honors Theses

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a condition that primarily affects neurological development, causing decreased social aptness, diminished executive function, and abnormal sensory processing, among many other characteristic symptoms. Additional problems that often accompany ASD include anxiety disorders, depression, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Canine assisted animal therapy is one non-pharmacologic therapy option that has been researched for children with ASD to improve their social, psychological, mental, and other difficulties. Studies thus far have shown positive results in children with ASD who have dogs as pets or access to therapy dogs, including improved social functioning, decreased anxiety, overall improved behavior ...


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