Characterization Of Prostate Cancer In Transgender Women, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Characterization Of Prostate Cancer In Transgender Women, Simita Gaglani, Rajveer Purohit, Ashutosh Tewari, Dara Lundon, Natasha Kyprianou
Background: The risk of developing prostate cancer (PC) in transgender women is unknown. Many patients are unaware that the prostate is not removed during male-to-female surgical transition. It is unclear what the exposure of estrogens and androgen blockers in these transgender patients has on the prostate. Our aim was to examine and characterize the different presentations of PC in published cases and augment this with an additional case series from one institute.
Methods: A retrospective review of prospectively maintained medical records was performed identifying features of PC diagnoses in transgender women. These included age, duration of feminizing hormone therapy, PSA …
The Importance Of A Broad Differential Diagnosis: Hepatitis C Virus Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
The Importance Of A Broad Differential Diagnosis: Hepatitis C Virus Associated Cryoglobulinemic Vasculitis, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Christine E. Loftis, Juan Naranjo, Emilia Dulgheru
Introduction: Mixed cryoglobulinemia syndrome (MCS) is a systemic inflammatory syndrome affecting small-medium sized vessels due to the presence of type II or III cryoglobulins in the serum. MSC can manifest as systemic vasculitis with symptoms varying from weakness, arthralgia, palpable purpura, peripheral neuropathy, and renal involvement. The most common cause of MCS includes lymphoproliferative disorders, autoimmune diseases and viral infections, with hepatitis C virus (HCV) being the most common etiology.
Case Presentation: A 60-year-old lady was referred to our office for evaluation of rheumatoid arthritis. She reported history of bilateral thumb pain, bilateral knee pain associated with episodes of swelling, …
Granulomatous Mastitis: A Rare Or An Underdiagnosed Disease?, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Granulomatous Mastitis: A Rare Or An Underdiagnosed Disease?, Shadi Jafari-Esfahani, Juan Naranjo, Christine E. Loftis, Emilia Dulgheru
Introduction:Granulomatous mastitis (GM) is a benign chronic inflammatory breast disease that is poorly understood, with no universal agreement on underlying etiologies and treatment protocol. The proposed etiologies include trauma, metabolic processes, hormonal changes, autoimmune disorders, and infections. This entity commonly presents with unilateral painful firm and erythematous breast mass, and less frequently with areolar retraction, fistula formation and ulceration. The disease is more common in Hispanic and Asian population. Due to its inflammatory nature, the mainstay of treatment includes a tapered course of high-dose corticosteroid, and methotrexate has proven to be effective in some cases.
Case Presentation: A 47-year-old …
Recognizing Fatal Electrocardiography Rhythm Changes In A Patient With Severe Hyperkalemia And Prevention Of Cardiac Arrest With Medical Management In Small Hospitals, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Recognizing Fatal Electrocardiography Rhythm Changes In A Patient With Severe Hyperkalemia And Prevention Of Cardiac Arrest With Medical Management In Small Hospitals, Semenawit B. Burka, Eduardo Flores, Johnathan Gyebi-Agyepong
Background: Hyperkalemia is one of the most potentially lethal electrolyte disorders. Severe hyperkalemia is defined as a serum potassium level of >6.5 mEq/L. The risk of arrhythmias increases with potassium values >6.5 mEq/L. Small elevation above this value can cause peaked T waves to quickly progress to ventricular fibrillation or asystole. The longer the patient has elevated potassium concentrations, the greater the risk of sudden deterioration. Therefore, recognizing ECG changes and acting quickly to decrease potassium concentration is important to prevent hyperkalemic cardiac arrest.
Case Presentation: A 26-Year-old man with a history of congenital hypoaldosteronism presented to the emergency department …
Neurologic Outcomes For Adult Spinal Cord Ependymomas Stratified By Tumor Location: A Retrospective Cohort Study And 2-Year Outlook, 2023 Thomas Jefferson University
Neurologic Outcomes For Adult Spinal Cord Ependymomas Stratified By Tumor Location: A Retrospective Cohort Study And 2-Year Outlook, Keanu Chee, Grégoire P Chatain, Michael W Kortz, Stephanie Serva, Keshari Shrestha, Timothy H Ung, Jens-Peter Witt, Michael Finn
Department of Neurosurgery Faculty Papers
Determine whether craniocaudal spinal cord tumor location affects long-term neurologic outcomes in adults diagnosed with spinal ependymomas (SE). A retrospective cohort analysis of patients aged ≥ 18 years who underwent surgical resection for SE over a ten-year period was conducted. Tumor location was classified as cervical, thoracic, or lumbar/conus. Primary endpoints were post-operative McCormick Neurologic Scale (MNS) scores at < 3 days, 6 weeks, 1 year, and 2 years. One-way ANOVA was performed to detect significant differences in MNS scores between tumor locations. Twenty-eight patients were identified. The average age was 44.2 ± 15.4 years. Sixteen were male, and 13 were female. There were 10 cervical-predominant SEs, 13 thoracic-predominant SEs, and 5 lumbar/conus-predominant SEs. No significant differences were observed in pre-operative MNS scores between tumor locations (p = 0.73). One-way ANOVA testing demonstrated statistically significant differences in post-operative MNS scores between tumor locations at < 3 days (p = 0.03), 6 weeks (p = 0.009), and 1 year (p = 0.003); however, no significant difference was observed between post-operative MNS scores at 2 years (p = 0.13). The mean MNS score for patients with thoracic SEs were higher at all follow-up time points. Tumors arising in the thoracic SE are associated with worse post-operative neurologic outcomes in comparison to SEs arising in other spinal regions. This is likely multifactorial in etiology, owing to both anatomical differences including spinal cord volume as well as variations in tumor characteristics. No significant differences in 2-year MNS scores were observed, suggesting that patients ultimately recover from neurological insult sustained at the time of surgery.
Erk Required For Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Tlr4 Internalization In Macrophages, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Erk Required For Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Tlr4 Internalization In Macrophages, Sara M. Reyna, Phoebe Fang-Mei Chang
Background: Insulin resistance is associated with low circulating levels of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Binding of LPS to Toll like receptor 4 (TLR4) leads to the internalization and trafficking of TLR4 resulting in activation of downstream signaling pathways. TLR4 internalization in macrophages leads to the activation of pro-inflammatory signaling pathways and production of factors linked to the development of insulin resistance. The extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1 and 2) are activated downstream of TLR4 and are associated with insulin resistance. We hypothesized that ERK1 and ERK2 regulate TLR4 internalization in macrophages when exposed to LPS.
Methods: We examined whether inhibition …
A Moyamoya Case Report On A Patient With Slurred Speech And Right-Hand Weakness, 2023 Manipal Academy of Higher Education
A Moyamoya Case Report On A Patient With Slurred Speech And Right-Hand Weakness, Priyasha Suri, Mery Bartl, Don Rajan, Natalia Pinto, Daniela Hernandez
Background: Moyamoya angiopathy (MMA) is a cerebrovascular disease affecting about one in a million people. It is characterized by progressive stenosis of the terminal portion of the internal carotid arteries leading to cerebral hypo-perfusion which in turn induces neo-angiogenesis in the deep parts of the brain. Patients are predisposed to ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. Diagnosis is usually made with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) to evaluate the brain and its blood vessels. Symptomatic patients should undergo surgical interventions. A few studies have shown that the superficial temporal artery to middle cerebral artery bypass combined with …
Without A Rash! A Diagnostic Dilemma For Vzv Vasculopathy, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Without A Rash! A Diagnostic Dilemma For Vzv Vasculopathy, Paulina Vega Enriquez, Jose E. Campo Maldonado
Varicella zoster virus vasculopathy is a condition that can classically present with a dermatomal zoster rash followed by a neurological deficit. The possible neurological manifestations and disease range are extensive. Diagnosis becomes more challenging in patients whose presentation does not include a rash, often causing cognitive errors and delay in treatment. We present a case of an 85-year-old patient, who developed stroke-like symptoms, initially with normal MRI, to later progress to multiple evolving enhancing lesions seen in subsequent MRIs. This case also represents the anchoring, that we as physicians can have when a patient with risk factors for stroke or …
Taking The Load Off: Device Lead-Induced Severe Tricuspid Regurgitation And Right-Sided Heart Failure Treated With Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (Tavi), 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Taking The Load Off: Device Lead-Induced Severe Tricuspid Regurgitation And Right-Sided Heart Failure Treated With Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (Tavi), Nina Shyama Appareddy, Michaela Iglesia, Ayman Khaddam, Henry Kwang, Eduardo Flores
Background: Interference of device leads with closure of the tricuspid leaflets can cause severe tricuspid regurgitation (TR) and right-sided heart failure, as can heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) and left sided valve disease. We report a case treated with transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) with improved TR.
Case: A 78-year-old male with coronary artery disease status post remote myocardial infarction and coronary bypass, HFrEF with left ventricular ejection fraction 35-40%, and inducible ventricular tachycardia status post AICD placement presented with worsening dyspnea on exertion, easy fatigue, lower extremity edema, anasarca and abdominal bloating. Transthoracic echocardiography demonstrated severe aortic …
Subtotal Iliac Vein Occlusion Secondary To May-Thurner Syndrome, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Subtotal Iliac Vein Occlusion Secondary To May-Thurner Syndrome, Nina Shyama Appareddy, Jose Ramos, Usman Sheriff
Background: May Thurner Syndrome (MTS), an anatomical variant present in over 20% of the population, can present with iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) caused by compression of the common iliac vein by the adjacent iliac artery.
Case: An 86 year old male with coronary artery disease presented with left lower extremity swelling. Ultrasound revealed acute iliofemoral region DVT. This clot, extending from the groin to the ankle, placed him at high risk for pulmonary embolism and post-thrombotic syndrome.
Decision-making: Patient was placed on heparin drip. Venogram performed at 48 hours showed extensive clot in the superficial femoral, common femoral and …
Socio-Contextual Factors Predicting Pericardial Effusion And Mortality In Patients With Confirmed Sars-Cov2 In A South Texas Hospital. A Preliminary Analysis, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Socio-Contextual Factors Predicting Pericardial Effusion And Mortality In Patients With Confirmed Sars-Cov2 In A South Texas Hospital. A Preliminary Analysis, Nina Shyama Appareddy, Cesar Peralta, Juan Carlos Alvarenga, Charles Mild
Introduction: Few pericardial effusion (PEf) cases have been reported in the literature amongst adult hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV2. The goal of our study is to determine the frequency and risk factors of PEf amongst adult hospitalized patients with SARS-CoV2 and its effect on mortality.
Methods: This preliminary analysis included 48 consecutive patients with confirmed SARS-CoV2 admitted from 08/01-08/31/2021. Socio-demographic data and risk factors for coronary artery disease were recorded. Echocardiography was reviewed for evidence of PEf. A comparison of patients with effusion, no effusion, and no echo was performed with chi-square, t-test, ANOVA, and probability of death using logistic regression …
Alzheimer’S Disease Studies In The Tex-Mex Border: Dissecting A Complex Multifactorial Problem, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Alzheimer’S Disease Studies In The Tex-Mex Border: Dissecting A Complex Multifactorial Problem, Ney Alliey-Rodriguez, Rosa V. Pirela, Alvaro Diaz-Badillo, Karla Lopez Lorenzo, Noe Garza, Frank Gilliam, Eron G. Manusov, Gladys E. Maestre
Purpose: Alzheimer’s Disease (ALZ) is the leading cause of dementia in the aging population, and Latinos have >3 times higher risk to develop dementia than the overall US population. Although several studies have examined for possible causes of this increased risk, lack of comprehensive information plus a reduced number of Latino samples available in each study have hindered the answers.
Description: The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley has joined two large studies looking for multiple biomarkers associated with ALZ: The South Texas Alzheimer’s Center Clinical Data Repository and Biobank (STAC) and the Texas Alzheimer’s Research and Care Consortium (TARCC). …
Clinical Characteristics And Risk Factors For Mortality During The 'First Wave' Of Covid-19 In Reynosa, Tamaulipas, 2023 Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Clinical Characteristics And Risk Factors For Mortality During The 'First Wave' Of Covid-19 In Reynosa, Tamaulipas, Luis G. Vargas Garcia, Francisco E. Díaz Cisneros, Antonio Gutiérrez Sierra, Juan Rosales Martínez, Manlio F. Lara Duck, Netzahualcoyotl Mayek Pérez
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted public health in Mexico. As of February 2020, there have been at least four "waves" of contagion that resulted in 5.82 million positive cases and more than 325 thousand deaths. At the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, hospital and population-based information was available, frequently with non-specific symptoms. Little was known about the risk factors for mortality in specific conditions. We described the clinical characteristics of patients with COVID-19 in Reynosa, Tamaulipas during 2020 and identified the risk factors for mortality.
Methods: The COVID-19 cases registered from March to November 2020 in Reynosa were divided …
Unusual Inflammatory Presentation For Locally Advanced Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Unusual Inflammatory Presentation For Locally Advanced Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma, Ana I. Vargas, Samuel K. Snyder
Background: Thyroid cancer usually presents as a thyroid nodule. If the history implies rapid growth of the nodule, new onset hoarseness or presence of ipsilateral cervical lymphadenopathy then it should raise concern for malignancy. Deep neck infection/inflammation has rarely been reported as initial presentation and these patients are potentially misdiagnosed.
Case Presentation: We present a 56-year-old male who comes to clinic for evaluation of left neck nodule. He started two weeks prior with sudden neck swelling associated with erythema and pain in his lower neck that caused choking sensation and swallowing discomfort, he was prescribed Bactrim and prednisone with improvement …
Understanding The Resources, Barriers, Facilitators And Interests About Aging And Dementia Research Of Community Members From The Rio Grande Valley, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Understanding The Resources, Barriers, Facilitators And Interests About Aging And Dementia Research Of Community Members From The Rio Grande Valley, Karla Daniela Lopez Lorenzo, Rosa V. Pirela Mavarez, Gabriela Osuna, Kendra Stine, Nahalie Chacon De Alvarez, Noe Garza, Gladys E. Maestre
Background: One of ten people aged 65 develops Alzheimer’s Disease and it is one of the sixth-leading cause of death in the United States. The Rio Grande Valley (RGV) is mostly constituted by Hispanic/Latinos (93%), a population that has a 1.5X increased risk of AD onset. Nevertheless, there are not enough resources to support people living with dementia and their care partners. This study will leverage research efforts deployed by the RGV Alzheimer’s Disease Resource Center for Minority Aging Research to understand the social representations about the resources, barriers, facilitators, and interests of the RGV community about dementia and Alzheimer’s …
Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia In A Patient With Long Standing Behcet’S Syndrome, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia In A Patient With Long Standing Behcet’S Syndrome, Juan C. Naranjo, Shadi J. Estefahani, Christine E. Loftis, Emilia Dulgheru
Background: Behcet’s syndrome (BS) is a multisystemic disease that frequently manifests as oral and genital ulcers. Pulmonary involvement occurs in approximately 18% of patients and can have complex clinical manifestations, including vascular disease, hemorrhage, infarctions, and organizing pneumonia. Broad-spectrum radiological findings like loss of lung volume, lung opacities, and indistinct nodular or reticular lesions have been described. There is little data on the association between Behcet’s disease and eosinophilic pneumonitis; the latest is usually characterized by eosinophilic infiltration of the lung parenchyma caused by a hypersensitivity reaction to an inhaled antigen. Patients usually present with nonproductive cough, dyspnea, fever, and …
That Which Keeps On Giving - A Case Of Class Iv Diffuse Proliferative Lupus Nephritis In A Hispanic Woman With Underlying Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
That Which Keeps On Giving - A Case Of Class Iv Diffuse Proliferative Lupus Nephritis In A Hispanic Woman With Underlying Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, Josenny L. Rodriguez-Paez, Christine E. Loftis, Rosa White-Guedez
Background: Glomerulonephritis is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Lupus nephritis is characterized by immune complex deposition in the mesangium leading to complement activation and hypocomplementemia. Studies show that up to 60% of adults with lupus develop renal involvement and it has been well established that Hispanic patients show poorer outcomes than Caucasians despite advances in treatment. Preserved kidney function with new-onset proteinuria should raise clinical suspicion for acute lupus nephritis. Further evaluation with a kidney biopsy is paramount in establishing a diagnosis, helping to define treatment strategy, and determining response to treatment.
Improvement Of Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Of Diabetic Patients Seen At The Internal Medicine Clinic, 2023 The University of Texas Rio Grande Valley
Improvement Of Diabetic Retinopathy Screening Of Diabetic Patients Seen At The Internal Medicine Clinic, Jorge Nadal, Carol Soler, Mery Bartl, Jose Gomez, Michelle Lopez, Blesset Alexander, Gabriel Lora, Azucena Del Real, Maria Pesantez, Sergio Saenz, Jorge A. Bernal
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of vision loss globally. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) estimated the global population with diabetes to be 463 million in 2019 and 700 million in 2045. Retinopathy is a highly specific neurovascular complication of both type 1 and types 2 diabetes, and the prevalence strongly correlates to both the duration of diabetes and the level of glycemic control. Regular follow-up with early detection and treatment of vision-threatening retinopathy enables the prevention of up to 98% of visual loss due to diabetic retinopathy.
A Case Report Of A Primary Cerebral Abscess Due To Nocardia Asteroides In An Immunocompetent Patient, 2023 Pulmonary Sleep Center of the Valley
A Case Report Of A Primary Cerebral Abscess Due To Nocardia Asteroides In An Immunocompetent Patient, Ileana Elita Mendez, Nicole Marie Barreto, Alan Lanurias, Luis Alberto Rosas
Background: Brain abscesses caused by Nocardia are rarely reported and have high mortality. It usually affects patients who are immunocompromised and initiates as a lung infection that disseminates hematogenously, though it can also affect those immunocompetent. Cerebral nocardiosis imitates brain tumors, which can delay the initiation of the appropriate antibiotic therapy.
Case Description: We present a case of a 64-year-old immunocompetent male with multiple cerebral abscesses who presented with headaches, left-sided weakness, and ataxia. Upon imaging, multiple brain lesions were revealed. The patient underwent craniotomy and drainage of the mass. He was initially empirically treated, though cultures later grew Nocardia …
Cell-Based Experimental Evidence To The Anti-Covid-19 Potential Of Ashwagandha And Honeybee Propolis Ingredients, 2023 National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology (AIST)
Cell-Based Experimental Evidence To The Anti-Covid-19 Potential Of Ashwagandha And Honeybee Propolis Ingredients, Renu Wadhwa, Durai Sundar, Yoshiyuki Ishida, Keiji Terao, Sunil C. Kaul
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic emerged in December 2019 by a novel strain of SARS-CoV-2 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) has led to new endeavours in repurposing of existing drugs, anti-COVID-19 vaccine and drug development. Natural products, due to their general safety and wider availability, have attracted research and public attention. In this study, we report anti-COVID potential of compounds from honeybee propolis and Ayurvedic herb, Ashwagandha. Effect of active ingredients was studied on human cell surface receptors (ACE-2:Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-2/Spike protein and TMPRSS2:Transmembrane Protease Serine 2), critical for virus infection and virus main protease (Mpro, essential for virus replication), …