Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Diseases Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

14,651 Full-Text Articles 41,135 Authors 3,785,248 Downloads 336 Institutions

All Articles in Diseases

Faceted Search

14,651 full-text articles. Page 6 of 640.

The Potential Of Stem Cell Therapy In Multiple Sclerosis Treatment: A Review, Sorina Amarculesei, Ava O'Meara Cushen, Cathy Brougham 2023 Athlone Institute of Technology

The Potential Of Stem Cell Therapy In Multiple Sclerosis Treatment: A Review, Sorina Amarculesei, Ava O'Meara Cushen, Cathy Brougham

SURE Journal: Science Undergraduate Research Experience Journal

Multiple Sclerosis is an autoimmune and neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system. There are currently 2.8 million people living with Multiple Sclerosis worldwide, including 9000 people in Ireland, with a prevalence of 193 per 100,000 people. Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis include sensory loss, fatigue, cognitive dysfunction, spasticity, depression, optic neuritis, gait ataxia, diplopia, and loss of bladder control. Currently, there is no standardised treatment or cure for Multiple Sclerosis with many strategies focusing on symptoms. Stem cells have emerged as promising approaches for Multiple Sclerosis therapeutics. Clinical trials primarily focus on mesenchymal stem cell-based therapies for Multiple Sclerosis. Furthermore, …


Tiny But Mighty, An Exploration Of Microbes And Plants As Sources Of Small Novel Bioactive Compounds Against Invasive Mycoses., Hannah Mai Peacock, James Anthony O'Connor 2023 Munster Technological University

Tiny But Mighty, An Exploration Of Microbes And Plants As Sources Of Small Novel Bioactive Compounds Against Invasive Mycoses., Hannah Mai Peacock, James Anthony O'Connor

SURE Journal: Science Undergraduate Research Experience Journal

Despite the high mortality rate involved with invasive cerebral mycoses, there is a relative lack of research available around antifungals capable of crossing the blood brain barrier.

In this study the metabolites of four plants (Crocus vernus, Miniature Narcissus (daffodil), Osmanthus delavayi and Taraxacum officinale (common dandelion)) and two bacteria (Lacticaseibacillus paracasei and Staphylococcus epidermidis) were extracted and assayed for antifungal activity against Candida albicans and Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Thin layer chromatography and bioautography were then employed to assess the activity of the constituent components of sources showing antifungal activity.

Metabolites of S.epidermidis, and extracts …


Treatment Response Of Gingival Squamous-Cell Carcinoma To Palliative Intent Immunotherapy, Natalia Trehan, Angelina Debbas, Mykaihla Sternick, Jennifer Johnson, James Gates 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

Treatment Response Of Gingival Squamous-Cell Carcinoma To Palliative Intent Immunotherapy, Natalia Trehan, Angelina Debbas, Mykaihla Sternick, Jennifer Johnson, James Gates

Department of Medical Oncology Faculty Papers

The use of PD-1 immune checkpoint inhibitor medications has become a common practice in the treatment of recurrent and metastatic head and neck squamous-cell carcinomas. Success in this setting has led to the investigation of their efficacy in locally advanced cases as a part of first-line therapy. In this report, we detail the treatment response to palliative intent immunotherapy of three geriatric patients with mandibular gingival squamous-cell carcinoma who decided against surgical intervention. Patient #1 was treated with pembrolizumab, a PD-1 inhibitor, and displayed complete clinical and radiologic response of the gingival mass after three months of treatment, which is …


Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Intraoperative Radiotherapy In Treatment Of Unifocal Invasive Breast Cancer, Julie Schultz, Annie M. Oslund 2023 James Madison University

Investigation Of The Effectiveness Of Intraoperative Radiotherapy In Treatment Of Unifocal Invasive Breast Cancer, Julie Schultz, Annie M. Oslund

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: Assess the 5 year local recurrence rate of intraoperative radiotherapy (IORT) in relation to the conventional treatment of external breast radiotherapy (EBRT) in eligible females diagnosed with breast cancer over age 40.

Design: Systematic literature review.

Methods: PubMed was searched using the following limits and terms: breast neoplasms, intraoperative radiotherapy, randomized control trial, clinical trial, females, English, and published in the last 10 years.

Results: Three studies were found to directly compare IORT and EBRT regarding 5 year local recurrence rates.

Conclusion: IORT was shown to be non-inferior to EBRT in two of the three studies that were examined; …


Myod-Skp2 Axis Boosts Tumorigenesis In Fusion Negative Rhabdomyosarcoma By Preventing Differentiation Through P57kip2 Targeting, Silvia Pomella, Matteo Cassandri, Lucrezia D’Archivio, Antonella Porrazzo, Cristina Cossetti, Doris Phelps, Clara Perrone, Michele Pezzella, Antonella Cardinale, Marco Wachtel, Sara Aloisi, David Milewski, Marta Colletti, Prethish Sreenivas, Zoë S. Walters, Giovanni Barillari, Angela Di Giannatale, Giuseppe Maria Milano, Cristiano De Stefanis, Rita Alaggio, Sonia Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Nadia Carlesso, Christopher R. Vakoc, Enrico Velardi, Beat W. Schafer, Ernesto Guccione, Susanne A. Gatz, Lucio Miele 2023 IRCCS Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino Gesù

Myod-Skp2 Axis Boosts Tumorigenesis In Fusion Negative Rhabdomyosarcoma By Preventing Differentiation Through P57kip2 Targeting, Silvia Pomella, Matteo Cassandri, Lucrezia D’Archivio, Antonella Porrazzo, Cristina Cossetti, Doris Phelps, Clara Perrone, Michele Pezzella, Antonella Cardinale, Marco Wachtel, Sara Aloisi, David Milewski, Marta Colletti, Prethish Sreenivas, Zoë S. Walters, Giovanni Barillari, Angela Di Giannatale, Giuseppe Maria Milano, Cristiano De Stefanis, Rita Alaggio, Sonia Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Nadia Carlesso, Christopher R. Vakoc, Enrico Velardi, Beat W. Schafer, Ernesto Guccione, Susanne A. Gatz, Lucio Miele

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS) are pediatric mesenchymal-derived malignancies encompassing PAX3/7-FOXO1 Fusion Positive (FP)-RMS, and Fusion Negative (FN)-RMS with frequent RAS pathway mutations. RMS express the master myogenic transcription factor MYOD that, whilst essential for survival, cannot support differentiation. Here we discover SKP2, an oncogenic E3-ubiquitin ligase, as a critical pro-tumorigenic driver in FN-RMS. We show that SKP2 is overexpressed in RMS through the binding of MYOD to an intronic enhancer. SKP2 in FN-RMS promotes cell cycle progression and prevents differentiation by directly targeting p27Kip1 and p57Kip2, respectively. SKP2 depletion unlocks a partly MYOD-dependent myogenic transcriptional program and strongly affects stemness and tumorigenic …


Utility Of Bariatric Surgery In The Remission Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Christine Ercoline, Alyssa Bower, Corinne Singh 2023 James Madison University

Utility Of Bariatric Surgery In The Remission Of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, Christine Ercoline, Alyssa Bower, Corinne Singh

Physician Assistant Capstones, 2020-current

Objective: Assess whether bariatric surgery is more effective than lifestyle modification and medication in the long-term reduction of hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose among obese adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Design: Systematic literature review. Methods: A PubMed search was performed utilizing the terms bariatric surgery, type 2 diabetes and remission. In PubMed the following limits and terms were used: published in the last 10 years, humans, full text, clinical trial, randomized control trial, and English. Results: An analysis of three randomized control trials (RCTs) supports bariatric surgery as a modality to induce the remission of type 2 …


Enhancing Diabetic Patient Continuous Glucose Monitoring Access, Colleen Ildefonso 2023 The University of San Francisco

Enhancing Diabetic Patient Continuous Glucose Monitoring Access, Colleen Ildefonso

Master's Projects and Capstones

Problem: Diabetic patients utilize treatments that require frequent monitoring and medication changes based on their blood sugar results. Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM) is more commonly used for diabetes management as time in range is becoming more prevalent to measure diabetes outcomes. Many diabetic patients find CGM use more accessible than finger sticks and glucometers. In contrast, others utilize the technology to closely monitor their blood sugars for interventions throughout the day. However, older adults have difficulty facilitating new CGM technology and may require further reinforcement using additional education methods such as teach-back.

Context: The endocrinology clinic serves a patient population, …


Patient Education Improvement Initiative For Self-Management Of Congestive Heart Failure Among Senior Residents Of A Long-Term Care Facility, Abigail A. Abella, Brooke Sheck, Daniela Ramos, Ivy H. Nguyen, Mary Tran, Roshni Nagarajan 2023 University of San Francisco

Patient Education Improvement Initiative For Self-Management Of Congestive Heart Failure Among Senior Residents Of A Long-Term Care Facility, Abigail A. Abella, Brooke Sheck, Daniela Ramos, Ivy H. Nguyen, Mary Tran, Roshni Nagarajan

Master's Projects and Capstones

The purpose of this quality improvement project was to use evidence-based practices to determine if personalized education on disease self-management would lead to improved treatment adherence in a residential facility. The target population consisted of four elderly female patients who had been diagnosed with congestive heart failure (CHF) and were struggling with the self-management of their disease. Contributing barriers to effective CHF self-management were determined using a root cause analysis, and included a lack of educational templates, declining cognitive ability of the residents, and no electronic health record (EHR). Using the Self-Determination theory, the interventions were implemented. Phase one was …


Numerical Investigation Of Subglottal Stenosis Effects On Human Voice Production, Dariush Bodaghi 2023 University of Maine

Numerical Investigation Of Subglottal Stenosis Effects On Human Voice Production, Dariush Bodaghi

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation aimed to advance knowledge of how subglottal stenosis impacts voice production physiology. An in-house fluid-structure-acoustic interaction approach based on the hydrodynamic/acoustic splitting technique was employed. This technique was rigorously verified for simulating phonation by matching the acoustic behavior to a compressible flow solver for phonation-relevant geometries. Simulations of an idealized 2D vocal tract model demonstrated the effects of supraglottal acoustic resonance on vocal fold kinematics and glottal flow waveform. Results showed that the acoustic coupling between higher harmonics and formats generated pressure oscillations, modifying vocal fold dynamics and glottal flow rate.

A major novelty was the incorporation and …


Differential Diagnostic Considerations In A Patient With New Onset Apathy: A Case Study On Frontal Lobe Glioblastoma Multiforme, Joy Zarandy, Sarah Yoon, Sharnikha Saravanan, Sanjana Das, Sarah Thomas 2023 Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine

Differential Diagnostic Considerations In A Patient With New Onset Apathy: A Case Study On Frontal Lobe Glioblastoma Multiforme, Joy Zarandy, Sarah Yoon, Sharnikha Saravanan, Sanjana Das, Sarah Thomas

The Journal of Integrated Primary Care

This case study involves a 50 year-old previously healthy female presenting with a two-week history of clinically significant apathy. The patient and her family assume her symptoms are due to a potential underlying psychiatric condition; however, neurologic and systemic disorders should also be considered when evaluating a patient with sudden personality change. After a thorough history and physical exam, further evaluation with neuroimaging is performed due to suspicion of neurological etiology. A sizable ring-enhancing lesion in the frontal lobe is noted on MRI, and a diagnosis of glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is confirmed with biopsy. GBM, or grade 4 astrocytoma, is …


In Memoriam: Prof. Dr. Rer. Nat. Jeanette Erdmann, Pashmina Wiqar Shah, Satwat Hashmi, Tobias Reinberger, Nadine Odenthal, Luis Eichelmann, Daria Kosenko, Ilyas Ahmad, Jaafar Al-Hasani, Till Joscha Demal, Zouhair Aherrahrou 2023 Universität zu Lübeck, Germany

In Memoriam: Prof. Dr. Rer. Nat. Jeanette Erdmann, Pashmina Wiqar Shah, Satwat Hashmi, Tobias Reinberger, Nadine Odenthal, Luis Eichelmann, Daria Kosenko, Ilyas Ahmad, Jaafar Al-Hasani, Till Joscha Demal, Zouhair Aherrahrou

Department of Biological & Biomedical Sciences

No abstract provided.


Deep Learning Uncertainty Quantification For Clinical Text Classification, Alina Peluso, Ioana Danciu, Hong-Jun Yoon, Jamaludin Mohd Yusof, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Adam Spannaus, Noah Schaefferkoetter, Eric B. Durbin, Xiao-Cheng Wu, Antoinette Stroup, Jennifer Doherty, Stephen Schwartz, Charles Wiggins, Linda Coyle, Lynne Penberthy, Georgia D. Tourassi, Shang Gao 2023 Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN

Deep Learning Uncertainty Quantification For Clinical Text Classification, Alina Peluso, Ioana Danciu, Hong-Jun Yoon, Jamaludin Mohd Yusof, Tanmoy Bhattacharya, Adam Spannaus, Noah Schaefferkoetter, Eric B. Durbin, Xiao-Cheng Wu, Antoinette Stroup, Jennifer Doherty, Stephen Schwartz, Charles Wiggins, Linda Coyle, Lynne Penberthy, Georgia D. Tourassi, Shang Gao

School of Public Health Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: Machine learning algorithms are expected to work side-by-side with humans in decision-making pipelines. Thus, the ability of classifiers to make reliable decisions is of paramount importance. Deep neural networks (DNNs) represent the state-of-the-art models to address real-world classification. Although the strength of activation in DNNs is often correlated with the network's confidence, in-depth analyses are needed to establish whether they are well calibrated. METHOD: In this paper, we demonstrate the use of DNN-based classification tools to benefit cancer registries by automating information extraction of disease at diagnosis and at surgery from electronic text pathology reports from the US National …


Glaucoma Neovascular, Una De Las Consecuencias De La Oclusión De La Vena Central De La Retina, Nicol Daniela Jiménez Rojas 2023 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Glaucoma Neovascular, Una De Las Consecuencias De La Oclusión De La Vena Central De La Retina, Nicol Daniela Jiménez Rojas

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

Objetivo. Estudiar y describir la relación entre la oclusión de la vena central de la retina y el glaucoma neovascular, su etiología, epidemiología, fisiopatología, factores de riesgo, presentación clínica y tratamientos. Metodología. Revisión de la literatura acerca del glaucoma neovascular secundario a oclusión de la vena central de la retina, tomando artículos comprendidos entre 2014 y 2022, con criterios de exclusión artículos de series de casos. Resultados. El glaucoma neovascular (GNV) es una afectación patológica ocular, secundaria a una afección ocular y/o sistémica hipóxica que conduce a isquemia retiniana, dentro de las etiologías más comunes (33 %) se encuentra la …


Impacto De La Pandemia Por Covid-19 En La Decisión De Los Pacientes Sometidos A Cirugía Refractiva En Una Institución Privada En Bogotá, Colombia, Juliana Palacio Varona, Brian Pérez Riaño, María Paula Castro Mora, María Andrea Estevez Florez, Luis Guillermo Isaza Gómez, Diana V. Rey-Rodríguez 2023 Universidad El Bosque

Impacto De La Pandemia Por Covid-19 En La Decisión De Los Pacientes Sometidos A Cirugía Refractiva En Una Institución Privada En Bogotá, Colombia, Juliana Palacio Varona, Brian Pérez Riaño, María Paula Castro Mora, María Andrea Estevez Florez, Luis Guillermo Isaza Gómez, Diana V. Rey-Rodríguez

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

En el 2020, durante la pandemia por covid-19, disminuyeron los procedimientos en los centros de cirugía refractiva, pero resurgieron para octubre de ese mismo año, ya que aumentaron un 4 % en comparación con el 2019. Existe una información limitada sobre el impacto de la pandemia en la realización de cirugías y la razón que obedece a dicho aumento. Objetivo: identificar el efecto de la pandemia por covid-19 en la cirugía refractiva mediante la delimitación de las principales motivaciones para la realización del procedimiento. Métodos: estudio descriptivo observacional de corte transversal, por medio de la respuesta de un cuestionario sobre …


Prevalencia De Astenopia En Niños Escolares De 6 A 17 Años, Por El Uso De Pantallas Digitales Durante La Pandemia Por Covid-19 (2020-2022): Revisión Sistemática, Jenny Paola Acosta Castellanos, Nancy Piedad Molina-Montoya 2023 Universidad de La Salle, Bogotá

Prevalencia De Astenopia En Niños Escolares De 6 A 17 Años, Por El Uso De Pantallas Digitales Durante La Pandemia Por Covid-19 (2020-2022): Revisión Sistemática, Jenny Paola Acosta Castellanos, Nancy Piedad Molina-Montoya

Ciencia y Tecnología para la Salud Visual y Ocular

Introducción: El uso de dispositivos electrónicos es primordial en la vida cotidiana a nivel mundial y gracias a la emergencia sanitaria por COVID-19 se incrementó, obligando a los estudiantes a tomar clases virtuales, y esto aumento la prevalencia de astenopia. Objetivo General: Determinar la prevalencia de astenopia reportada por la literatura en niños escolares de 6 a 17 años, por el uso de pantallas digitales durante la pandemia por COVID-19. Método de Investigación: Se realizo una revisión sistemática cualitativa mediante la pregunta PECO; la búsqueda bibliográfica de realizo en bases las bases de datos, con ecuaciones construidas con palabras clave …


The Importance Of Triple Panel Testing For Hepatitis B And The Burden Of Isolated Anti-Hepatitis B Core Antibodies Within A Community Sample, Catherine Freeland, Vivek Sreepathi, Richard Hass, Jonathan Fenkel, Jessie Torgersen, Kenneth Rothstein, Chari Cohen, Robert Gish 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

The Importance Of Triple Panel Testing For Hepatitis B And The Burden Of Isolated Anti-Hepatitis B Core Antibodies Within A Community Sample, Catherine Freeland, Vivek Sreepathi, Richard Hass, Jonathan Fenkel, Jessie Torgersen, Kenneth Rothstein, Chari Cohen, Robert Gish

College of Population Health Faculty Papers

Within the United States (US), 2.4 million individuals are living with chronic hepatitis B, but less than 20% are diagnosed. Isolated anti-hepatitis B core (iAHBc) antibodies indicate serology in an individual that is positive for anti-HBc antibodies, while negative for surface antigen (HBsAg) and surface antibodies (anti-HBs). A result of iAHBc could indicate a chronic occult bloodstream infection, necessitating further testing. This study assesses the prevalence and risk factors associated with anti-HBc and iAHBc within community high-risk screening in Greater Philadelphia. Participants (n = 177) were screened for HBsAg, anti-HBs, and anti-HBc during community screening events in 2022. Chi-square tables …


Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Perspectives In Black Men Who Have Sex With Men Taking Preexposure Prophylaxis In New Orleans, Meredith E. Clement, Jeremy Beckford, Aish Lovett, Julia Siren, Marie Adorno, Sara Legrand, Marsha Bennett, Jamilah Taylor, Emily Hanlen-Rosado, Brian Perry, Amy Corneli 2023 LSU Health Sciences Center - New Orleans

Sexually Transmitted Infection Prevention Perspectives In Black Men Who Have Sex With Men Taking Preexposure Prophylaxis In New Orleans, Meredith E. Clement, Jeremy Beckford, Aish Lovett, Julia Siren, Marie Adorno, Sara Legrand, Marsha Bennett, Jamilah Taylor, Emily Hanlen-Rosado, Brian Perry, Amy Corneli

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

INTRODUCTION: Profound sexual health disparities exist for Black men who have sex with men (MSM) in the US South, including a high prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sexually transmitted infection prevention strategies beyond condoms are needed for Black MSM taking preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP). METHODS: We conducted in-depth interviews with Black MSM taking PrEP in New Orleans, Louisiana. Informed by the Health Belief Model, we asked about participants' perceived susceptibility, severity, and concerns regarding STIs, and perceived benefits of STI prevention. We also asked about willingness to use various STI prevention strategies, including antibiotic prophylaxis. Interviews were audio-recorded and analyzed …


A Phenotypically Robust Model Of Spinal And Bulbar Muscular Atrophy In Drosophila, Kristin Richardson, Medha Sengupta, Alyson Sujkowski, Kozeta Libohova, Autumn C. Harris, Robert Wessells, Diane E. Merry, Sokol V. Todi 2023 Thomas Jefferson University

A Phenotypically Robust Model Of Spinal And Bulbar Muscular Atrophy In Drosophila, Kristin Richardson, Medha Sengupta, Alyson Sujkowski, Kozeta Libohova, Autumn C. Harris, Robert Wessells, Diane E. Merry, Sokol V. Todi

Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Faculty Papers

Spinal and bulbar muscular atrophy (SBMA) is an X-linked disorder that affects males who inherit the androgen receptor (AR) gene with an abnormal CAG triplet repeat expansion. The resulting protein contains an elongated polyglutamine (polyQ) tract and causes motor neuron degeneration in an androgen-dependent manner. The precise molecular sequelae of SBMA are unclear. To assist with its investigation and the identification of therapeutic options, we report here a new model of SBMA in Drosophila melanogaster. We generated transgenic flies that express the full-length, human AR with a wild-type or pathogenic polyQ repeat. Each transgene is inserted into the same safe …


The Effects Of Night Shift Work On Heart, Gut, And Reproductive Health, A Systematic Review, Courtney Grayson, Preeti Oza 2023 University of the Pacific

The Effects Of Night Shift Work On Heart, Gut, And Reproductive Health, A Systematic Review, Courtney Grayson, Preeti Oza

Pacific Journal of Health

Night shift work, a commonplace in today’s society, creates a variety of health-related challenges for individuals who participate in it. Often, the only adverse health effects discussed in relation to night shift work are sleep dysfunction and mental health issues. This systematic review examined the cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, and fertility health effects that plague individuals working night shift. The goal of this work is to illuminate these lesser known, but equally important, health effects in an effort to bring awareness to the issues. By educating night shift workers and health care providers of the acute risks associated with this type of …


Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis: Radiological And Microbiological Profile Of Patients Presented In An Outpatient Pulmonary Clinic In A Developing Country, Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan, Mustafa Bin Ali Zubairi, Maaha Ayub, Safia Awan, Kauser Jabeen, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi 2023 Aga Khan University

Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis: Radiological And Microbiological Profile Of Patients Presented In An Outpatient Pulmonary Clinic In A Developing Country, Nousheen Iqbal, Muhammad Irfan, Mustafa Bin Ali Zubairi, Maaha Ayub, Safia Awan, Kauser Jabeen, Ali Bin Sarwar Zubairi

Section of Pulmonary & Critical Care

There is limited data available about allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) in Pakistan. The aim of the study was to describe the radiological and microbiological profile of ABPA patients presenting to the outpatient pulmonary clinic of a tertiary care hospital in Karachi, Pakistan. A retrospective study was conducted on ABPA patients who presented to the pulmonary outpatient clinic at Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan, from January 2017 to December 2019. Data was collected on microbiology and radiology features on predesigned proforma. A total of 7759 asthmatic patients presented at the outpatient pulmonology clinic during the study period. Of the 245 …


Digital Commons powered by bepress