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Genetic And Phenotypic Parameter Estimates For Feed Intake And Other Traits In Growing Beef Cattle, Kelsey Rolfe, Merlyn K. Nielsen, Calvin L. Ferrell, Thomas G. Jenkins 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Genetic And Phenotypic Parameter Estimates For Feed Intake And Other Traits In Growing Beef Cattle, Kelsey Rolfe, Merlyn K. Nielsen, Calvin L. Ferrell, Thomas G. Jenkins

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

The goal of this study was to estimate genetic and phenotypic parameters for growth, feed intake, feed efficiency, and temperament traits in a mixed-breed composite population of growing beef cattle. Intake and gain:feed (G:F) were moderately heritable; however, residual feed intake (RFI) was more heritable than other measures of feed efficiency. Adjusting RFI and G:F for carcass fatness had little effect on heritability and correlations with remaining traits. Flight speed was moderately heritable and highly repeatable. Flight speed was not highly correlated with measures of intake or feed efficiency. Some small breed effects were observed. High heritability estimates indicate that …


Effects Of Using Wet Distillers Grains With Solubles To Adapt Cattle To Finishing Diets On Feed Intake, Ruminal Ph, And Ruminal Hydrogen Sulfide Concentration, Kelsey Rolfe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Judson Vasconcelos 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Effects Of Using Wet Distillers Grains With Solubles To Adapt Cattle To Finishing Diets On Feed Intake, Ruminal Ph, And Ruminal Hydrogen Sulfide Concentration, Kelsey Rolfe, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Judson Vasconcelos

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

An adaptation strategy with wet distillers grains with solubles (WDGS) fed at decreasing levels (87.5 to 35%) was compared to a traditional grain adaptation with decreasing forage (45 to 7.5%) when adapting steers to a common finishing diet. Traditionally adapted steers had higher intake in steps one through three compared to steers adapted with distillers grains. However, DMI was not different between the two adaptation systems in step four, or when steers were on the finishing diet. Ruminal pH was higher for traditionally adapted steers compared to steers adapted to distillers grains in adaptation diets two and three. Ruminal hydrogen …


Plant And Animal Responses To Grazing Systems In The Nebraska Sandhills, Walter H. Schacht, Jerry D. Volesky, Mitchell B. Stephenson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Don C. Adams 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Plant And Animal Responses To Grazing Systems In The Nebraska Sandhills, Walter H. Schacht, Jerry D. Volesky, Mitchell B. Stephenson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Don C. Adams

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Short duration grazing (SDG) and deferred rotation (DR) were compared in a 10-year study conducted on uplandnativepastures in the northern NebraskaSandhills. Herbage production of cool-season grasses and sedges was less on the SDG pastures, although total herbage production (including warm and cool season herbage) did not differ consistently between the two grazing systems. The decline in diet quality (CP and IVOMD) through the 5-month grazing season did not differ consistently between the two systems, and ADG of spayed heifers was similar. The lack of increased forage production and animal performance responses to SDG indicate that the higher input costs associated …


Wet Distillers Grains Diets Supplemented With Vitamin E Alter The Mineral Composition Of Beef M. Longissimus Lumborum And M. Psoas Major, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. de Mello Jr., Galen E. Erickson 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Wet Distillers Grains Diets Supplemented With Vitamin E Alter The Mineral Composition Of Beef M. Longissimus Lumborum And M. Psoas Major, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. De Mello Jr., Galen E. Erickson

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Crossbred yearlings (n = 90) were allotted to one of 10 diets containing 0, 20 or 40% wet distillers grains (WDG) with or without vitamin E supplementation and distillers solubles (DS). Strip loin and tenderloin steaks were obtained and tested for their mineral (Ca, P, K, Mg, Zn, Fe, Mn, Cu, S, and Na) compositions using atomic absorption spectroscopy. Cattle fed DS diets had higher (P ≤ 0.05) levels of Ca, Fe, P, Mn, and S in strip loins than cattle fed non-DS diets. Feeding DS significantly reduced Mg and Na in tenderloins. Neither WDG nor vitamin E diets significantly …


Intramuscular Tenderness Mapping And Muscle Fiber Directions Of Small Muscles In The Beef Round, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. de Mello Jr., Jeremy H. Hinkle, Siroj Pokharel 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Intramuscular Tenderness Mapping And Muscle Fiber Directions Of Small Muscles In The Beef Round, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. De Mello Jr., Jeremy H. Hinkle, Siroj Pokharel

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

The intramuscular tenderness variation of m. pectineus (PT), m. sartorius (SR), m. gracilis (GL), m. vastus intermedius (VI), and m. vastus medialis (VM) was investigated. The PT, SR, VI, and VM muscles (n=10 each) were grilled as whole muscles, whereas the GL was grilled after cutting into anterior and posterior regions. Grilled muscles were cut into equal size sections perpendicular to the long axis from proximal to distal. Cores were prepared from each section and Warner-Bratzler shear force (WBSF) was measured. The overall mean WBSF values for PT, SR, VI, GL, and VM were 8.29, 9.79, 10.54, 10.47, and 9.35 …


Wet Distillers Grains Diets Supplemented With Vitamin E Affect Sensory Attributes Of Beef M. Longissimus Lumborum, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. de Mello Jr., Galen E. Erickson 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Wet Distillers Grains Diets Supplemented With Vitamin E Affect Sensory Attributes Of Beef M. Longissimus Lumborum, Lasika S. Senaratne, Chris R. Calkins, Amilton S. De Mello Jr., Galen E. Erickson

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

The effects of feeding 0% or 40% wet distillers grains plus distillers solubles (WDGS) with or without vitamin E (E) supplementation on sensory attributes (tenderness, juiciness, connective tissue content, and off-flavor intensity) of 7-day and 28-day aged beef strip steaks during retail display were investigated by a trained panel. Feeding WDGS or E did not influence tenderness, juiciness, or connective tissue ratings. However, feeding WDGS significantly increased the off-flavor intensity of 7-day aged beef following retail display. Feeding WDGS increased the incidence of livery off-flavor. The protective ability of vitamin E supplementation against livery flavor production was significant in beef …


Evaluation Of Proternative Stress Formula And Proternative Continuous Fed Formula In A High Energy Feedlot Diet, Sarah J. Vanness, Matt K. Luebbe, Joshua R. Benton Benton, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Justin Sindt 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Evaluation Of Proternative Stress Formula And Proternative Continuous Fed Formula In A High Energy Feedlot Diet, Sarah J. Vanness, Matt K. Luebbe, Joshua R. Benton Benton, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein, Justin Sindt

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Cross-bred yearling steers were used in a feeding trial to compare the use of two different direct fed microbials (DFM), ProTernative CF (DFM-CF) and ProTernative SF (DFM-SF). The treatment design was a 2x2 factorial with a control (no DFM), DFM-CF, DFM-SF, and both (CF+SF). Diets consisted of 40% WCGF with high moisture corn with no feed additives other than the DFM treatments. No differences were observed in feedlot performance or carcass characteristics.


Relating Hydrogen Sulfide Levels To Polioencephalomalacia, Sarah J. Vanness, William A. Griffin, Virgil R. Bremer Bremer, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Relating Hydrogen Sulfide Levels To Polioencephalomalacia, Sarah J. Vanness, William A. Griffin, Virgil R. Bremer Bremer, Galen E. Erickson, Terry J. Klopfenstein

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Data from a finishing trial and a metabolism study were used to relate incidence of polioencephalomalacia (polio) with ruminal hydrogen sulfide gas concentration. The finishing trial included different inclusion levels of byproducts with differing alfalfa hay levels. Similar diets were used in the metabolism study. The feedlot trial had 12 cases of polio on a 75% byproduct diet with no alfalfa and no cases of polio when alfalfa was included at 7.5%. The metabolism study reported the highest concentration of H2S with the high byproduct diet with no grass hay, and lower concentrations when grass hay was included. These data …


The Economic Impact Of Feeding Wet Corn Co-Products In Nebraska, Josie A. Waterbury, Darrell R. Mark, Richard K. Perrin Perrin 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Economic Impact Of Feeding Wet Corn Co-Products In Nebraska, Josie A. Waterbury, Darrell R. Mark, Richard K. Perrin Perrin

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Isoquants that illustrate combinations of various inputs to produce a given level of output were estimated for wet corn co-products using UNL cattle feeding trial data and applied to actual producer data. Producer economic benefits from feeding wet co-products compared to corn were calculated. Although the combined producer savings from all three wet co-products totaled nearly $39 million, this value was not net of all cost differences between co-products and corn, including transportation, storage, and handling costs.


Supplementing Dried Distillers Grains To Growing Calves On Smooth Bromegrass Pastures, Andrea K. Watson, Matt K. Luebbe, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Walter H. Schacht 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Supplementing Dried Distillers Grains To Growing Calves On Smooth Bromegrass Pastures, Andrea K. Watson, Matt K. Luebbe, Terry J. Klopfenstein Klopfenstein, Galen E. Erickson, Walter H. Schacht

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

Steers supplemented daily with dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) on non-fertilized smooth bromegrass pastures gained 1.9 lb/day compared to 1.46 lb/day for cattle on both fertilized and non-fertilized pastures. The fertilized and supplemented treatments were stocked at equal densities, and the non-fertilized pastures were stocked at 69% the density of the other two treatments. At a lower stocking rate, the non-fertilized pastures showed poorer forage production, but equal cattle performance compared to the fertilized pastures. The supplemented pastures showed slightly decreased forage production compared to the fertilized pastures, but at the same time showed increased cattle performance. Each lb …


Multiple Antimicrobial Interventions For The Control Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Very Small Beef Processing Facilities, Benjamin J. Williams, Dennis E. Burson, Bryce M. Gerlach Gerlach, Ace F. Van DeWalle, Harshavardhan Thippareddi 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Multiple Antimicrobial Interventions For The Control Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Very Small Beef Processing Facilities, Benjamin J. Williams, Dennis E. Burson, Bryce M. Gerlach Gerlach, Ace F. Van Dewalle, Harshavardhan Thippareddi

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

One-hundred and fifty beef carcasses from 3 very small beef processing plants were sponge sampled for aerobic plate count, generic E. coli, coliforms, Enterobacteriaceae, and E. coli O157:H7 before and after carcass intervention strategies. The control (C) treatment consisted of one 3% lactic acid (LA) wash applied at the end of slaughter, just prior to chilling. The multiple (M) intervention treatment received a 3% LA wash prior to evisceration, a hot water wash after carcass splitting and trimming, and a final LA wash just prior to chilling. The M treatment showed greater log reductions throughout the slaughter process prior to …


Statistics Used In The Nebraska Beef Report And Their Purpose, 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

Statistics Used In The Nebraska Beef Report And Their Purpose

Nebraska Beef Cattle Reports

The purpose of beef cattle and beef product research at UNL is to provide reference information that represents the various populations (cows, calves, heifers, feeders, carcasses, retail products, etc.) of beef production. Obviously, researchers cannot apply treatments to every member of a population; therefore, they must sample the population. The use of statistics allows researchers and readers of the Nebraska Beef Report the opportunity to evaluate separation of random (chance) occurrences and real biological effects of a treatment. Following is a brief description of the major statistics used in the beef report. For a more detailed description of the expectations …


The Power Of Empowerment: An Icf-Based Model To Improve Self-Efficacy And Upper Extremity Function Of Survivors Of Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Dana Howell 2010 University of Dayton

The Power Of Empowerment: An Icf-Based Model To Improve Self-Efficacy And Upper Extremity Function Of Survivors Of Breast Cancer, Mary Insana Fisher, Dana Howell

Physical Therapy Faculty Publications

Breast cancer is one of the most frequently diagnosed cancers among women. Breast cancer treatments often negatively impact the function of the arm, and quality of life and upper extremity function does not always return to a prediagnosis level. Survivors of breast cancer may also experience feelings of diminished self-efficacy related to functional deficits resulting from their physical limitations. The International Classification of Functioning (ICF) provides a framework for rehabilitation practitioners to address physical and psychological impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. Patient outcomes may be improved by fostering self-efficacy through empowerment. This paper explores how the ICF model and …


Thermocrinis Minervae Sp. Nov., A Hydrogen And Sulfur-Oxidizing, Thermophilic Member Of The Aquificales From A Costa Rican Terrestrial Hot Spring, Sara L. Caldwell, Yitai Liu, Isabel Ferrera, Terry Beveridge, Anna-Louise Reysenbach 2010 Portland State University

Thermocrinis Minervae Sp. Nov., A Hydrogen And Sulfur-Oxidizing, Thermophilic Member Of The Aquificales From A Costa Rican Terrestrial Hot Spring, Sara L. Caldwell, Yitai Liu, Isabel Ferrera, Terry Beveridge, Anna-Louise Reysenbach

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

A thermophilic bacterium, designated strain CR11T , was isolated from a filamentous sample collected from a terrestrial hot spring on the south-western foothills of the Rincón volcano in Costa Rica. The Gram-negative cells are approximately 2.4–3.9 mm long and 0.5–0.6 mm wide and are motile rods with polar flagella. Strain CR11T grows between 65 and 85 6C (optimum 75 6C, doubling time 4.5 h) and between pH 4.8 and 7.8 (optimum pH 5.9–6.5). The isolate grows chemolithotrophically with S0 , S2O2{ 3 or H2 as the electron donor and with O2 (up to 16 %, v/v) as the sole electron …


The Rural Firefighter, Issue 01-10--February 2010, 2010 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

The Rural Firefighter, Issue 01-10--February 2010

The Rural Firefighter

NFS is Moving!Nebraska Wildland Fire Academy;Tips From Tex;Nugget of the Day;One Stop Shopping for Fire Prevention Assistance;Smokey Bear & Fire Prevention Materials;Sandy’s Corner;Calendar of Events


The Effect Of Neuragen Pn® On Neuropathic Pain: A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial, Li Li 2010 Georgia Southern University

The Effect Of Neuragen Pn® On Neuropathic Pain: A Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo Controlled Clinical Trial, Li Li

Li Li

Background: A double blind, randomized, placebo controlled study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the naturally derived topical oil, "Neuragen PN®" for the treatment of neuropathic pain.

Methods: Sixty participants with plantar cutaneous (foot sole) pain due to all cause peripheral neuropathy were recruited from the community. Each subject was randomly assigned to receive one of two treatments (Neuragen PN® or placebo) per week in a crossover design. The primary outcome measure was acute spontaneous pain level as reported on a visual analog scale.

Results: There was an overall pain reduction for both treatments from pre to post application. …


Studies On Cytotoxicity Induced By Des And Sa In Vicia Faba Var. Major, MOHD GULFISHAN, AINUL HAQ KHAN, TARIK AHMAD BHAT 2010 TÜBİTAK

Studies On Cytotoxicity Induced By Des And Sa In Vicia Faba Var. Major, Mohd Gulfishan, Ainul Haq Khan, Tarik Ahmad Bhat

Turkish Journal of Botany

The effect of diethyl sulphate (DES) and sodium azide (SA) was studied on the meiotic behaviour of Vicia faba L. var. major in the M1 generation. Five concentrations of SA (0.01%, 0.02%, 0.03%, 0.04%, and 0.05%) were combined with DES (0.02%) to study the synergistic and antagonistic effects of these 2 mutagens. A dose-dependent increase in chromosomal aberrations was recorded in populations treated with both the mutagens individually and their combination doses. The main chromosomal aberrations were stickiness, precocious separations, univalents, multivalents, laggards, unequal separations of chromosomes, micronuclei, disturbed polarity, multinucleate condition, and cytomixis. The stickiness and stray bivalents at …


A New Record For Turkey: Michauxia Nuda A.Dc. (Campanulaceae), SERDAR ASLAN, MECİT VURAL, BİLAL ŞAHİN, ESRA ERGİN, ÖMER FARUK KAYA 2010 TÜBİTAK

A New Record For Turkey: Michauxia Nuda A.Dc. (Campanulaceae), Serdar Aslan, Meci̇t Vural, Bi̇lal Şahi̇n, Esra Ergi̇n, Ömer Faruk Kaya

Turkish Journal of Botany

Michauxia nuda A.DC. (Campanulaceae) is recorded for the first time (C8 Siirt province) from Turkey. The diagnostic characters of M. nuda are described and its habitat and conservation status are indicated. Besides, it is illustrated, and a distribution map is presented. Notes on collecting number of type specimen of this species are provided.


A New Record For The Flora Of Turkey: Scorzonera Ketzkhovelii Grossh. (Asteraceae), ERGİN HAMZAOĞLU, AHMET AKSOY, ESRA MARTİN, MÜNEVVER PINAR, HATİCE ÇÖLGEÇEN 2010 TÜBİTAK

A New Record For The Flora Of Turkey: Scorzonera Ketzkhovelii Grossh. (Asteraceae), Ergi̇n Hamzaoğlu, Ahmet Aksoy, Esra Marti̇n, Münevver Pinar, Hati̇ce Çölgeçen

Turkish Journal of Botany

Scorzonera ketzkhovelii Grossh. (Asteraceae) was recently collected from Yusufeli, Artvin (north-east Anatolia) and it has been reported as a new species record for the flora of Turkey. It is described and illustrated. In addition, its karyological features and pollen morphology are given.


The Effects Of Gibberellic Acid And Kinetin On Overcoming The Effects Of Juglone Stress On Seed Germination And Seedling Growth, İRFAN TERZİ, İSMAİL KOCAÇALIŞKAN 2010 TÜBİTAK

The Effects Of Gibberellic Acid And Kinetin On Overcoming The Effects Of Juglone Stress On Seed Germination And Seedling Growth, İrfan Terzi̇, İsmai̇l Kocaçalişkan

Turkish Journal of Botany

Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is an allelochemical responsible for walnut allelopathy. The effects of gibberellic acid (GA_{3}) and kinetin (KIN) on overcoming the effects of juglone stress on seed germination and seedling growth were investigated in barley, wheat, cucumber, alfalfa, and tomato. Seeds pre-treated with plant growth regulators were used to test their effects on the alleviation of juglone stress. It was observed that seed germination in tomato and wheat was inhibited by juglone and that the plant growth regulators alleviated it significantly. Elongation and dry weight of the seedlings of all the species used in the study were reduced significantly by …


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