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A Revision Of The Argentinean Endemic Genus Eucranium Brullé (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) With Description Of One New Species And New Synonymies, Federico C. Ocampo 2010 CCT-CONICET Mendoza

A Revision Of The Argentinean Endemic Genus Eucranium Brullé (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) With Description Of One New Species And New Synonymies, Federico C. Ocampo

University of Nebraska State Museum: Entomology Papers

The South American genus Eucranium Brullé has been revised and now includes six species: E. arachnoides Brullé, E. belenae Ocampo new species, E. cyclosoma Burmeister, E. dentifrons Guérin-Méneville, E. planicolle Burmeister, and E. simplicifrons Fairmaire. Eucranium pulvinatum Burmeister is a new junior synonym of Eucranium arachnoides Brullé, and Eucranium lepidum Burmeister is a new junior synonym of E. dentifrons Guérin-Méneville. The following lectotypes and neotypes are designated: Eucranium pulvinatum Burmeister, lectotype; Eucranium planicolle Burmeister, lectotype; Psammotrupes dentifrons Guérin-Méneville, neotype; and Eucranium lepidum Burmeister, neotype. Description of the genus and new species, diagnosis and illustrations, and distribution maps are provided for …


Degree-Day Requirements For Alfalfa Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Development In Eastern Nebraska, A. R. Stilwell, Robert J. Wright, Thomas E. Hunt, Erin E. Blankenship 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Degree-Day Requirements For Alfalfa Weevil (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) Development In Eastern Nebraska, A. R. Stilwell, Robert J. Wright, Thomas E. Hunt, Erin E. Blankenship

Department of Entomology: Faculty Publications

The alfalfa weevil, Hypera postica (Gyllenhal), is a serious, yet sporadic defoliator of alfalfa, Medicago sativa L., in Nebraska. A 2-yr study was conducted in 2005 and 2006 to test for variation in degree-day requirements by location in eastern Nebraska. Sampling took place along a latitudinal gradient in three regions of eastern Nebraska. Three fields were sampled in each region during the 2 yr of the study. Alfalfa weevil larval degree-day requirements were found to vary by latitude in eastern Nebraska. Alfalfa weevil larvae were discovered in southern regions after fewer developmental degree-days had accumulated than in fields in the …


The Prospects For Sequencing The Western Corn Rootworm Genome, Nicholas Miller, S. Richards, T. W. Sappington 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

The Prospects For Sequencing The Western Corn Rootworm Genome, Nicholas Miller, S. Richards, T. W. Sappington

Department of Entomology: Faculty Publications

Historically, obtaining the complete sequence of eukaryotic genomes has been an expensive and complex task. For this reason, efforts to sequence insect genomes have largely been confined to model organisms, species that are important to human health and representative species from a few insect orders. This situation is set to change as a number of ‘next generation’ sequencing technologies are making largescale DNA sequencing both affordable and accessible. Sequencing the genome of the western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, is likely to become a realistic proposition within the next 2 years. In the meantime, there is an active community …


Modeling Evolution Of Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) To Transgenic Corn With Two Insecticidal Traits, David W. Onstad, Lance J. Meinke 2010 University of Illinois, Urbana

Modeling Evolution Of Diabrotica Virgifera Virgifera (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) To Transgenic Corn With Two Insecticidal Traits, David W. Onstad, Lance J. Meinke

Department of Entomology: Faculty Publications

Asimulation model of the population dynamics and genetics of western corn rootworm, Diabrotica virgifera virgifera LeConte (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), was created to evaluate the use of refuges in the management of resistance to transgenic insecticidal corn, Zea mays L., expressing one or two toxin traits. Hypothetical scenarios and a case study of a corn hybrid pyramided with existing toxins are simulated. In the hypothetical situations, results demonstrated that evolution is generally delayed by pyramids compared with deployment of a single-toxin corn hybrid. However, soil insecticide use in the refuge reduced this delay and quickened the evolution of resistance. Results were sensitive …


Biotic And Abiotic Influences On Within-Plant Distribution Of Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae: Aphis Glycines), Tierney R. Brosius, Leon G. Higley, Thomas E. Hunt 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Biotic And Abiotic Influences On Within-Plant Distribution Of Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae: Aphis Glycines), Tierney R. Brosius, Leon G. Higley, Thomas E. Hunt

Department of Entomology: Faculty Publications

The within-plant distribution of soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura has been attributed to various causes, yet it is unclear which factor or combination of factors most influence aphid within-plant distribution. Understanding soybean aphid distribution within the soybean canopy is important both in developing sampling programs and in evaluating injury. Because natural enemies have the potential to alter aphid dispersion, we examined how within-plant distribution of soybean aphid was influenced by different natural enemies. Field cages of different mesh diameters were used to exclude different sizes of natural enemies from aphid infested plots. Plots were surveyed and both natural enemy density …


Morphological And Genetic Analyses In The Melanoplus Packardii Group (Orthoptera: Acrididae), Mathew L. Brust, Erica J. Lindroth, W. Wyatt Hoback, Robert Wright, Kathryn J. Hanford, John E. Foster 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Morphological And Genetic Analyses In The Melanoplus Packardii Group (Orthoptera: Acrididae), Mathew L. Brust, Erica J. Lindroth, W. Wyatt Hoback, Robert Wright, Kathryn J. Hanford, John E. Foster

Department of Entomology: Faculty Publications

Melanoplus packardii Scudder was described in 1897. Three additional closely-related species were later described and their status as species has been questioned on numerous occasions. We examined morphology from specimens collected in Nebraska which fit descriptions of three of the four forms and specimens that appeared to be hybrids. We found distinct morphological characters suggesting species status for M. foedus and M. packardii, but not for M. foedus fluviatilis. Examination of aedeagi of these three forms suggests that M. foedus and M. packardii are each distinct, but that the aedeagi of M. f. fluviatilis and M. f. foedus cannot …


Niche Specialization And Conservation Biology Of Cicindela Nevadica Lincolniana, Tierney R. Brosius 2010 University of Nebraska at Lincoln

Niche Specialization And Conservation Biology Of Cicindela Nevadica Lincolniana, Tierney R. Brosius

Department of Entomology: Dissertations, Theses, and Student Research

As with many organisms across the globe, Cicindela nevadica lincolniana is threatened with extinction. Understanding ecological factors that contribute to extinction vulnerability and what methods aid in the recovery of those species is essential in developing successful conservation programs. Here we examine behavioral mechanisms for niche partitioning along with improving techniques for captive rearing protocol and increasing public awareness about the conservation of this local insect. Ovipositional selectivity was examined for Cicindela nevadica lincolniana, Cicindela circumpicta, Cicindela togata, Cicindela punctulata, and Cicindela fulgida. Models reflect that these species of co-occurring tiger beetles select different ranges of salinity in which to …


Evolutionary Perspective Of Nicotine To Nornicotine Conversion, Its Regulation And Characterization Of Ein2 Mediated Ethylene Signaling In Tobacco, Manohar Chakrabarti 2010 University of Kentucky

Evolutionary Perspective Of Nicotine To Nornicotine Conversion, Its Regulation And Characterization Of Ein2 Mediated Ethylene Signaling In Tobacco, Manohar Chakrabarti

University of Kentucky Doctoral Dissertations

Nicotine, nornicotine, anabasine and anatabine are four major alkaloids in tobacco, of which nicotine is predominant. In many tobacco cultivars and also in other Nicotiana species, nicotine is converted to nornicotine, which in turn gives rise to potent carcinogen NNN. Nicotine to nornicotine conversion via nicotine-N-demethylation is mediated by the CYP82E family of P450 enzymes. Tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) converts in senescing leaves, while its diploid progenitors N.tomentosiformis and N.sylvestris convert in both green and senescing and only in senescing leaves, respectively. Previously it has been shown that N.tomentosiformis has different active conversion loci in green and senescing leaves. …


Tourist Behavior And Decibel Levels Correlate With Threat Frequency In Tibetan Macaques (Macaca Thibetana) At Mt. Huangshan, China, Lucy A. Ruesto, Lori K. Sheeran, Megan D. Matheson, Jin-Hua Li, R. Steven Wagner 2010 Central Washington University

Tourist Behavior And Decibel Levels Correlate With Threat Frequency In Tibetan Macaques (Macaca Thibetana) At Mt. Huangshan, China, Lucy A. Ruesto, Lori K. Sheeran, Megan D. Matheson, Jin-Hua Li, R. Steven Wagner

Biology Faculty Scholarship

Tourism is a common component of management practices directed toward endangered species and habitats, but few studies have explored the potential stressors that may occur to nonhumans as objects of tourism. We examined the impact that tourists have on provisioned, habituated Tibetan macaques (Macaca thibetana). Data were collected during August 2005 at the Valley of the Wild Monkeys (VWM), Mt. Huangshan, China. From a tourist viewing platform, we measured tourist densities, behaviors (for example, foot, hand, and mouth noises; mimicking monkeys; throwing objects or food), and decibel levels. Frequencies of monkey threats in the provisioning area of their …


Specombined Estradiol And Lithium Increase Er-Α Mrna In Embryonic C57bl/6j Primary Hippocampal Cultures, James J. Valdés, Ophelia Weeks 2010 Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University

Specombined Estradiol And Lithium Increase Er-Α Mrna In Embryonic C57bl/6j Primary Hippocampal Cultures, James J. Valdés, Ophelia Weeks

Department of Biological Sciences

Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) is commonly prescribed during menopause. Post-menopausal women also tend to suffer from bipolar disorders and as a result are prescribed mood stabilizers – in addition to ERT. There is a paucity of data on how combined hormones and mood stabilizers interact in regulating gene expression that led us to hypothesize that in primary cultures of mixed brain cells predominated by glia, combined 17β-estradiol (E2) and lithium chloride (LiCl) (E2/LiCl) will alter estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-α) mRNA expression. We quantified mRNA expression of ER-α using the cDNA of treated primary cultures of mixed brain cells from a previous …


Lithium Enhances Cortical Mrna Expression In Ovariectomized C57bl/6j Mice, James J. Valdés, Franchesca M. Ramirez, Barbara Juarez, Ophelia Weeks 2010 Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University

Lithium Enhances Cortical Mrna Expression In Ovariectomized C57bl/6j Mice, James J. Valdés, Franchesca M. Ramirez, Barbara Juarez, Ophelia Weeks

Department of Biological Sciences

The hippocampus and cortex of the mammalian brain are regions involved in learning and long-term memory. Estrogen and lithium affect similar learning and memory molecular processes. We hypothesized that in ovariectomized mice lithium treatment will enhance genetic factors in the brain that are involved in neuroprotection, learning and memory. Our study used bilaterally ovariectomized (bOVX) C57BL÷6J mice treated for one month with 14.2 mM LiCl in their drinking water. Results indicate that LiCl-treated bOVX mice show enhanced cortical increases in mRNA expression of ER-alpha, NR1, Bcl-2, BDNF, and CaMkII-alpha; hippocampal mRNA showed no changes. Our results indicate that in bOVX …


Role Stress, Emotional Exhaustion, And Job Satisfaction In The Hotel Industry: The Moderating Role Of Supervisory Support, Osman M. Karatepe 2010 Eastern Mediterranean University

Role Stress, Emotional Exhaustion, And Job Satisfaction In The Hotel Industry: The Moderating Role Of Supervisory Support, Osman M. Karatepe

Hospitality Review

The purpose of this study is to investigate supervisory support as a moderator of the effects of role conflict and role ambiguity on emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. This study also examines the moderating role of supervisory support on the relationship between emotional exhaustion and job satisfaction. Data were collected from a sample of frontline hotel employees in Northern Cyprus. The aforementioned relationships were tested based on hierarchical multiple regression analysis. The results demonstrate that supervisory support mitigates the impact of role conflict on emotional exhaustion and further reveal that supervisory support reduces the effect of emotional exhaustion on job …


Seasonal Differences In The Co2 Exchange Of A Short-Hydroperiod Florida Everglades Marsh, Jessica L. Schedlbauer, Steven F. Oberbauer, Gregory Starr, Kristine L. Jimenez 2010 Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University

Seasonal Differences In The Co2 Exchange Of A Short-Hydroperiod Florida Everglades Marsh, Jessica L. Schedlbauer, Steven F. Oberbauer, Gregory Starr, Kristine L. Jimenez

FCE LTER Journal Articles

Although wetlands are among the world's most productive ecosystems, little is known of long-term CO2 exchange in tropical and subtropical wetlands. The Everglades is a highly managed wetlands complex occupying >6000 km2 in south Florida. This ecosystem is oligotrophic, but extremely high rates of productivity have been previously reported. To evaluate CO2 exchange and its response to seasonality (dry vs. wet season) in the Everglades, an eddy covariance tower was established in a short-hydroperiod marl marsh. Rates of net ecosystem exchange and ecosystem respiration were small year-round and declined in the wet season relative to the dry …


Fire And Grazing In A Mesic Tallgrass Prairie: Impacts On Plant Species And Functional Traits, Marko J. Spasojevic, Rebecca J. Aicher, Gregory R. Koch, Emily S. Marquardt, Nicholas Mirotchnick, Tiffany G. Troxler, Scott Collins 2010 Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California-Irvine

Fire And Grazing In A Mesic Tallgrass Prairie: Impacts On Plant Species And Functional Traits, Marko J. Spasojevic, Rebecca J. Aicher, Gregory R. Koch, Emily S. Marquardt, Nicholas Mirotchnick, Tiffany G. Troxler, Scott Collins

FCE LTER Journal Articles

Fire is a globally distributed disturbance that impacts terrestrial ecosystems and has been proposed to be a global “herbivore.” Fire, like herbivory, is a top-down driver that converts organic materials into inorganic products, alters community structure, and acts as an evolutionary agent. Though grazing and fire may have some comparable effects in grasslands, they do not have similar impacts on species composition and community structure. However, the concept of fire as a global herbivore implies that fire and herbivory may have similar effects on plant functional traits. Using 22 years of data from a mesic, native tallgrass prairie with a …


The Engaged University: Providing A Platform For Research That Transforms Society, Ali Whitmer, Laura Ogden, John Lawton, Pat Sturner, Peter M. Groffman, Laura Schnieder, David Hart, Benjamin Halpern, William Schlesinger, Steve Raciti, Sonia Ortega, Lindsey Rustad, Steward TA Pickett, Mary Killilea 2010 Georgetown University

The Engaged University: Providing A Platform For Research That Transforms Society, Ali Whitmer, Laura Ogden, John Lawton, Pat Sturner, Peter M. Groffman, Laura Schnieder, David Hart, Benjamin Halpern, William Schlesinger, Steve Raciti, Sonia Ortega, Lindsey Rustad, Steward Ta Pickett, Mary Killilea

FCE LTER Journal Articles

Despite a growing recognition that the solutions to current environmental problems will be developed through collaborations between scientists and stakeholders, substantial challenges stifle such cooperation and slow the transfer of knowledge. Challenges occur at several levels, including individual, disciplinary, and institutional. All of these have implications for scholars working at academic and research institutions. Fortunately, creative ideas and tested models exist that provide opportunities for conversation and serious consideration about how such institutions can facilitate the dialogue between scientists and society


Antidepressant Stimulation Of Cdp-Diacylglycerol Synthesis Does Not Require Monoamine Reuptake Inhibition, Ashiwel S. Undieh, Marwa A. Aboukhatwa 2010 CUNY City College

Antidepressant Stimulation Of Cdp-Diacylglycerol Synthesis Does Not Require Monoamine Reuptake Inhibition, Ashiwel S. Undieh, Marwa A. Aboukhatwa

Publications and Research

Background: Recent studies demonstrate that diverse antidepressant agents increase the cellular production of the nucleolipid CDP-diacylglycerol and its synthetic derivative, phosphatidylinositol, in depression-relevant brain regions. Pharmacological blockade of downstream phosphatidylinositide signaling disrupted the behavioral antidepressant effects in rats. However, the nucleolipid responses were resistant to inhibition by serotonin receptor antagonists, even though antidepressant-facilitated inositol phosphate accumulation was blocked. Could the neurochemical effects be additional to the known effects of the drugs on monoamine transmitter transporters? To examine this question, we tested selected agents in serotonin-depleted brain tissues, in PC12 cells devoid of serotonin transporters, and on the enzymatic activity of …


A Multidimensional Strategy To Detect Polypharmacological Targets In The Absence Of Structural And Sequence Homology, Jacob D. Durrant, Rommie E. Amaro, Lei Xie, Michael D. Urbaniak, Michael A. J. Ferguson, Antti Haapalainen, Zhijun Chen, Anne Marie Di Guilmi, Frank Wunder, Philip E. Bourne, J. Andrew McCammon 2010 University of California - San Diego

A Multidimensional Strategy To Detect Polypharmacological Targets In The Absence Of Structural And Sequence Homology, Jacob D. Durrant, Rommie E. Amaro, Lei Xie, Michael D. Urbaniak, Michael A. J. Ferguson, Antti Haapalainen, Zhijun Chen, Anne Marie Di Guilmi, Frank Wunder, Philip E. Bourne, J. Andrew Mccammon

Publications and Research

Conventional drug design embraces the ‘‘one gene, one drug, one disease’’ philosophy. Polypharmacology, which focuses on multi-target drugs, has emerged as a new paradigm in drug discovery. The rational design of drugs that act via polypharmacological mechanisms can produce compounds that exhibit increased therapeutic potency and against which resistance is less likely to develop. Additionally, identifying multiple protein targets is also critical for side-effect prediction. One third of potential therapeutic compounds fail in clinical trials or are later removed from the market due to unacceptable side effects often caused by off-target binding. In the current work, we introduce a multidimensional …


Mechanisms Of Ipsapirone-Mediated Neuroprotection Of Ethanol-Treated Fetal Rhombencephalic Neurons: Role Of Endogenous Antioxidants, Jongho Lee 2010 Loyola University Chicago

Mechanisms Of Ipsapirone-Mediated Neuroprotection Of Ethanol-Treated Fetal Rhombencephalic Neurons: Role Of Endogenous Antioxidants, Jongho Lee

Dissertations

Prenatal exposure to ethanol can cause serious damage to the developing central nervous system. Both in vivo and in vitro studies demonstrate the vulnerability of the developing serotonergic system to the damaging effects of ethanol. However, treatment with a serotonin-1A (5-HT1A) agonist prevents the ethanol-associated apoptosis in developing 5-HT neurons. One mechanism by which 5-HT1A agonists exert their neuroprotective effects appears to involve activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3'kinase (PI-3K) pro-survival pathway and activation of NF-κB dependent anti-apoptotic genes. Additional NF-κB dependent genes might also be involved with the neuroprotective effects of ipsapirone.

There is also considerable evidence that ethanol augments …


Waterfowl Of North America: Identification Key To North American Waterfowl, Paul A. Johnsgard 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Waterfowl Of North America: Identification Key To North American Waterfowl, Paul A. Johnsgard

Waterfowl of North America, Revised Edition (2010) by Paul A. Johnsgard

The key on the following pages provides an efficient means of identifying virtually all North American waterfowl that may be examined in the hand. The procedure for using it is comparable to that used for all such dual-choice or "dichotomous" keys. One simply chooses which of the initial descriptive couplets (A or A') best fits the unknown bird. Having chosen one of these, the pair of descriptive couplets (a and a') immediately below the chosen alternative is next considered, without further regard for the rejected one. Subsequent choices, which are sequentially numbered (1 and 1', 2 and 2', etc.) must …


Waterfowl Of North America: Hunting And Recreational Values Of North American Waterfowl, Paul A. Johnsgard 2010 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Waterfowl Of North America: Hunting And Recreational Values Of North American Waterfowl, Paul A. Johnsgard

Waterfowl of North America, Revised Edition (2010) by Paul A. Johnsgard

It is almost as difficult to find individuals opposed to waterfowl conservation as it is to hear Americans speaking out against motherhood or corn on the cob. Yet, in a real sense, it has been the American tradition of unchecked population expansion, taming the wilderness, and converting prairies and marshes into cornfields that has nearly spelled disaster for some of our native waterfowl. Of a wetland area in the United States that originally covered some 127 million acres, nearly 50 million acres have already been drained and lost as waterfowl habitat. Marshes have not only been converted to farmland but …


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