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Effects On Bacon Quality Of Feeding Increasing Glycerol And Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles To Finishing Pigs, B L. Goehring, Terry A. Houser, Joel M. DeRouchey, Melvin C. Hunt, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, B M. Gerlach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, John A. Unruh 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects On Bacon Quality Of Feeding Increasing Glycerol And Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles To Finishing Pigs, B L. Goehring, Terry A. Houser, Joel M. Derouchey, Melvin C. Hunt, Michael D. Tokach, Steven S. Dritz, B M. Gerlach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, John A. Unruh

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 84 barrows (PIC 337 x 1050, initially 68.3 lb) were fed a corn-soybean meal-based diet with added dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS; 0 or 20%) and increasing glycerol (0, 2.5, or 5%) to determine the effects on belly quality. Criteria that were evaluated included: belly length, thickness, firmness, and slice yield; proximate and fatty acid analyses; iodine values; and sensory characteristics. There were no (P > 0.08) DDGS x glycerol interactions on any criteria measured. Inclusion of 20% DDGS in the diet decreased belly firmness (P < 0.04), as measured by the belly flop test (fat-side down method). Twenty percent DDGS decreased (P < 0.01) the percentage of myristic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, vaccenic acid, total saturated fatty acids, and total monounsaturated fatty acids. In contrast, 20% DDGS increased (P < 0.01) the percentage of linoleic acid, α-linolenic acid, eicosadienoic acid, total polyunsaturated fatty acids, unsaturated:saturated fatty acid ratios, polyunsaturated:saturated fatty acid ratios, and iodine values. The inclusion of 0, 2.5, and 5% glycerol in swine diets did not affect any measured criteria in this study. In conclusion, feeding DDGS at a level of 20% decreased belly firmness and changed the fatty acid profile; however, it did not affect belly processing or sensory characteristics. Glycerol fed at 2.5 or 5.0% did not affect belly quality, fatty acid profile, or sensory characteristics of bacon.; Swine Day, Manhattan, KS, November 18, 2010


Effects Of Wheat Middlings And Choice White Grease In Diets On The Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Carcass Fat Quality In Growing-Finishing Pigs, J A. Barnes, Joel M. DeRouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects Of Wheat Middlings And Choice White Grease In Diets On The Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, And Carcass Fat Quality In Growing-Finishing Pigs, J A. Barnes, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 288 pigs (PIC TR4 x 1050, initially 93.3 lb) were used in an 87-d study to determine the effects of wheat middlings and choice white grease (CWG) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and carcass fat quality of growing-finishing pigs. Pens of pigs were randomly allotted by initial weight and gender (4 barrows and 4 gilts per pen) to 1 of 6 dietary treatments with 6 replications per treatment. Treatments were arranged in a 2 x 3 factorial arrangement with the main effects of added wheat middlings (0 or 20%) and CWG (0, 2.5, or 5%). Dietary treatments …


The Importance Of Defining The Method In Particle Size Analysis By Sieving, Adam C. Fahrenholz, Leland J. McKinney, C E. Wurth, Keith C. Behnke 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

The Importance Of Defining The Method In Particle Size Analysis By Sieving, Adam C. Fahrenholz, Leland J. Mckinney, C E. Wurth, Keith C. Behnke

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

The American Society of Agricultural and Biological Engineers (ASABE) publishes a standard for identifying particle size by sieving (ASABE S319.4). However, this standard includes a number of options that allow the test to be conducted differently, and different laboratories may analyze a single sample with different results. Options include the type of sieve shaker used, the use of sieve agitators, the use of a dispersion agent, and the sieving time. A small study was conducted to examine the effect of varying these methods on the calculated geometric mean diameter by weight (dgw) and geometric standard deviation by weight (sgw). Results …


The Effects Of Biomin Product A And Vomitoxin On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs, H L. Frobose, K Soltwedel, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. DeRouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

The Effects Of Biomin Product A And Vomitoxin On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs, H L. Frobose, K Soltwedel, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 340 barrows (PIC 1050, initially 25.7 lb ± 0.2 lb BW and 35 d of age) were used in a 28-d growth trial examining the effects on nursery pig growth performance of adding Biomin Product A (Biomin; Herzogenburg, Austria) to diets contaminated with deoxynivalenol (DON), or vomitoxin on nursery pig growth performance. Also, 5% water was added in a diet with Biomin Product A as a means of potentially enhancing the activity of the product. Pigs were allotted to pens by weight, and pens were assigned to 1 of 8 treatments in a randomized complete block design …


Effects Of Vomitoxin Concentration In Nursery Pig Diets And The Effectiveness Of Commercial Products To Mitigate Its Effects, J A. Barnes, Joel M. DeRouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects Of Vomitoxin Concentration In Nursery Pig Diets And The Effectiveness Of Commercial Products To Mitigate Its Effects, J A. Barnes, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 180 pigs (PIC TR4 x 1050, initially 22.8 lb and 34 d of age) were used in a 21-d trial to evaluate the effects of vomitoxin concentration in nursery pig diets and the effectiveness of commercial products to mitigate vomitoxin's negative effects on performance. Pens of pigs were balanced by initial weight and were randomly allotted to 1 of 5 dietary treatments with 6 replications per treatment. Dietary treatments included a control diet consisting of corn-soybean meal and regular dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS; low vomitoxin), a negative control diet containing 4 ppm dietary vomitoxin (from …


A Comparison Of Denagard, Denagard/Ctc And Pulmotil On Nursery Pig Growth Performance And Economic Return, K M. Sotak, M Hammer, J Y. Jacela, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

A Comparison Of Denagard, Denagard/Ctc And Pulmotil On Nursery Pig Growth Performance And Economic Return, K M. Sotak, M Hammer, J Y. Jacela, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 880 weanling pigs (initially 15.6 lb and 16 to 20 d of age) were used in a 41-d experiment to compare the effects of different antibiotic regimens on growth performance and economic return in the nursery phase. Pigs were alloted to 1 of 5 treatment groups based on weight within gender. The antibiotic regimens included: (1) control diets containing no antibiotic throughout the trial, (2) a combination of Denagard (Novartis Animal Health, Greensboro, NC) at 35g/ton and chlortetracycline at 400g/ton (Denagard/CTC) for the entire 41-d trial, (3) a Pulmotil (Elanco, Greenfield, IN) regimen of 363g/ton from d …


Effects Of Mat-Feeding Duration And Different Waterer Types On Nursery Pig Performance In A Wean-To-Finish Barn, M L. Potter, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. DeRouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects Of Mat-Feeding Duration And Different Waterer Types On Nursery Pig Performance In A Wean-To-Finish Barn, M L. Potter, Michael D. Tokach, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 3,680 weanling pigs were used in 2 experiments to determine the effects of mat-feeding strategies and different waterer types on pig performance and removal rates. In Exp. 1, a total of 24 pens (58 pigs per pen) were blocked by source farm and allotted to 1 of 4 gender (barrow or gilt) x feeding (control or mat-fed) treatments in a 27-d trial. Pigs were initially 15.4 lb. Control pigs did not receive any pelleted feed placed on mats, while pigs assigned to the mat-fed treatment were given 1.1 lb of pelleted diet on the mats 3 times …


Effects Of Extrusion Processing On The Nutritional Value Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles In Diets For Nursery Pigs, S M. Williams, C B. Paulk, S Issa, Terry L. Gugle, Joe D. Hancock 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects Of Extrusion Processing On The Nutritional Value Of Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles In Diets For Nursery Pigs, S M. Williams, C B. Paulk, S Issa, Terry L. Gugle, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 224 pigs (PIC TR4 x 1050, initially 18.7 lb avg BW) were used in a 21-d experiment to determine the effects of extrusion processing on the nutritional value of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) in diets for nursery pigs. The pigs were weaned at 21 d of age, sorted by sex and ancestry, and blocked by BW. All pigs were fed a common diet for 11 d postweaning and the experimental treatments for the next 21 d. Treatments were a corn-soybean meal-based control and 3 diets formulated with 30% DDGS. The 3 DDGS treatments were either …


Effects Of Feeding Excess Dietary Crude Protein From Soybean Meal And Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles On Nursery Pig Performance, S M. Williams, C B. Paulk, S Issa, Terry L. Gugle, Joe D. Hancock 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effects Of Feeding Excess Dietary Crude Protein From Soybean Meal And Dried Distillers Grains With Solubles On Nursery Pig Performance, S M. Williams, C B. Paulk, S Issa, Terry L. Gugle, Joe D. Hancock

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Two experiments were conducted to determine the effects of feeding excess dietary CP to nursery pigs. In Exp. 1, a total of 105 nursery pigs (PIC TR4 x 1050, initially 22.9 lb and 35 d of age) were used in a 21-d growth assay to determine the effects of feeding excess CP from soybean meal to nursery pigs. The pigs were fed a pelleted commercial starter diet for the first 14 d after weaning, and the experimental treatments were fed for the next 21 d. Treatments consisted of 3 corn-soybean meal-based diets formulated to different CP levels: (1) 22.5%, (2) …


The Influence Of Hamlet Protein 300 And Fish Meal On Nursery Pig Performance, W Ying, Joel M. DeRouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

The Influence Of Hamlet Protein 300 And Fish Meal On Nursery Pig Performance, W Ying, Joel M. Derouchey, Robert D. Goodband, Michael D. Tokach, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 360 nursery pigs (PIC 1050 barrows) were used in a 24-d study to evaluate the effects on growth performance of nursery diets containing Hamlet Protein 300 (HP 300) or fish meal. Pigs were weaned at approximately 21 d of age and placed on a pretest diet for 7 d before dietary treatments began. Pens of pigs were balanced by initial weight and randomly allotted to 1 of 7 dietary treatments with 9 replications per treatment. The 7 dietary treatments included a control diet containing no specialty protein sources or the control diet with 2, 4 or 6% …


Effect Of Standardized Ileal Digestible Lysine Level On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs From 15 To 25 Lb, J E. Nemechek, J Usry, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effect Of Standardized Ileal Digestible Lysine Level On Growth Performance Of Nursery Pigs From 15 To 25 Lb, J E. Nemechek, J Usry, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 294 nursery pigs (PIC TR4 x 1050, initially 14.9 lb and 3 d postweaning) were used in a 28-d growth trial to evaluate the effects of standardized ileal digestible (SID) lysine level on pig growth performance. Pigs were allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments. There were 7 pigs per pen and 7 pens per treatment. Pigs and feeders were weighed on d 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28 to calculate ADG, ADFI, and F/G. A 2-phase diet series was used, with treatment diets fed from d 0 to 14 and a common diet fed from d …


The Effects Of Diet Form And Feeder Design On The Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Growing-Finishing Pigs, A J. Myers, J R. Bergstrom, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

The Effects Of Diet Form And Feeder Design On The Growth Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Growing-Finishing Pigs, A J. Myers, J R. Bergstrom, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 1,290 growing pigs (PIC 1050 x 337, initially 103.1 lb) were used in a 91-d study to evaluate the effects of diet form (meal vs. pellet) and feeder design (conventional dry vs wet-dry) on finisher pig performance. The treatments were arranged in a 2 x 2 factorial with 11 replications per treatment and 25 to 27 pigs per pen. Half of the pens were equipped with a 5-hole conventional dry feeder while the other half had a double-sided wet-dry feeder. All pigs were fed a corn-soybean meal-based diet containing 45 to 65% by-products in 4 phases. The …


Effect Of Increasing Standardized Ileal Digestible Valine To Lysine Ratio On Growth Performance Of 15- To 25-Lb Nursery Pigs, J E. Nemechek, J Usry, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. DeRouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Effect Of Increasing Standardized Ileal Digestible Valine To Lysine Ratio On Growth Performance Of 15- To 25-Lb Nursery Pigs, J E. Nemechek, J Usry, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Joel M. Derouchey, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 294 nursery pigs (PIC TR4 x 1050, initially 15.1 lb, 3 d postweaning) were used in a 28-d growth trial to evaluate the effects of increasing standardized ileal digestible valine:lysine ratio on growth performance. Pigs were allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments. A 2-phase diet series was used, with treatment diets fed from d 0 to 14 and a common diet fed from d 14 to 28. All diets were in meal form. The 6 standardized ileal digestible (SID) valine:lysine ratios were 57.4, 59.9, 62.3, 64.7, 67.2, and 69.6%. The SID lysine level of the diet …


Feed Additives For Swine: Fact Sheets – Flavors And Mold Inhibitors, Mycotoxin Binders, And Antioxidants, J Y. Jacela, Joel M. DeRouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, David G. Renter, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Feed Additives For Swine: Fact Sheets – Flavors And Mold Inhibitors, Mycotoxin Binders, And Antioxidants, J Y. Jacela, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, David G. Renter, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Under the conditions of modern swine production, pigs need to be fed a balanced diet that meets their daily nutritional requirement for maintenance, growth, and reproduction. However, nutrient intake is largely determined by voluntary feed intake, which is greatly influenced by the chemical senses of olfaction and taste. Thus, it is essential to make sure that diets being offered to pigs are highly palatable to ensure high feed intake. This is especially important during times when pigs have decreased appetite, such as the first few days post weaning. Therefore, it is believed that enhancement of taste or smell through the …


Evaluation Of Feed Budgeting, Complete Diet Blending, And Corn-Supplement Blending On Finishing-Pig Performance, R C. Sulabo, G A. Papadopoulos, J R. Bergstrom, D Ryder, Joel M. DeRouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

Evaluation Of Feed Budgeting, Complete Diet Blending, And Corn-Supplement Blending On Finishing-Pig Performance, R C. Sulabo, G A. Papadopoulos, J R. Bergstrom, D Ryder, Joel M. Derouchey, Michael D. Tokach, Robert D. Goodband, Jim L. Nelssen, Steven S. Dritz

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

A total of 283 pigs (PIC TR4 x 1050, initially 77.2 ± 1.4 lb BW) were used to compare phase feeding with blending finishing diets by using the FeedPro system (Feedlogic Corporation, Willmar, MN). There were 3 experimental treatments: (1) a standard 4-phase complete feed program, (2) blending high- and low-lysine complete diets over the entire experiment, and (3) blending ground corn and a separate complete supplement within each phase. FeedPro is an integrated feed dispensing system that can deliver and blend 2 separate diets while dispensing. The 4 phases were 77 to 120, 120 to 175, 175 to 221, …


K-State Turfgrass Research 2010, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station and Cooperative Extension Service 2010 Kansas State University Libraries

K-State Turfgrass Research 2010, Kansas State University. Agricultural Experiment Station And Cooperative Extension Service

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

Turfgrass Research 2010 contains results of projects conducted by Kansas State University faculty and graduate students. Some of these results will be presented at the Kansas Turfgrass Field Day on Aug. 5, 2010, at the Rocky Ford Turfgrass Research Center in Manhattan, Kan. Articles in this Report of Progress summarize research projects that were completed recently or will be completed in the next year or two. Specifically, this year's report presents summaries of research on turf and the environment, pest control, and turf evaluations.


Female Humpback Whale (Megaptera Novaeangliae) Reproductive Class And Male-Female Interactions During The Breeding Season, Meagan E. Jones 2010 Antioch University of New England

Female Humpback Whale (Megaptera Novaeangliae) Reproductive Class And Male-Female Interactions During The Breeding Season, Meagan E. Jones

Antioch University Full-Text Dissertations & Theses

This study examined whether female reproductive class (i.e., presence or absence of a calf) in humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) affects female behavior and male-female interactions on the Hawaiian breeding grounds. From 2003-2008, 295 female-calf groups (with or without a male escort) and 256 female no-calf groups (with a male) were observed. Forty-one female no-calf groups were confirmed male-female pairs by genetic sexing or photo-identification. Focal follows of 36 male-female pairs and 50 female-calf groups (29 escorted and 21 unescorted female-calf groups) were analyzed for time budget and movement estimates. Relative fluke size (fluke photogrammetry, n=30) and sighting histories …


Participatory Planning For A Promised Land: Citizen-Led, Comprehensive Land Use Planning In New York’S Adirondack Park, Ann Hope Ruzow Holland 2010 Antioch University of New England

Participatory Planning For A Promised Land: Citizen-Led, Comprehensive Land Use Planning In New York’S Adirondack Park, Ann Hope Ruzow Holland

Antioch University Full-Text Dissertations & Theses

New York’s Adirondack Park is internationally recognized for its biological diversity. Greater in size than Yellowstone, Everglades, Glacier, and Grand Canyon National Park combined, the Adirondacks are the largest protected area within the Northern Appalachian/Acadian Eco-Region and within the contiguous United States. Ecologists, residents of the Park, and others are concerned about rapid land use change occurring within the borders of the Park. Almost half of the six million acres encompassed by the Park boundary is privately-owned, where 80% of land use decisions fall within the jurisdiction of local governments. The comprehensive planning process of one such local government, the …


Differences In The Mechanism Of Collagen Lattice Contraction By Myofibroblasts And Smooth Muscle Cells, J. C. Dallon, H P. Ehrlich 2010 Brigham Young University

Differences In The Mechanism Of Collagen Lattice Contraction By Myofibroblasts And Smooth Muscle Cells, J. C. Dallon, H P. Ehrlich

Faculty Publications

Both rat derived vascular smooth muscle cells (SMC) and human myofibroblasts contain $\alpha$ smooth muscle actin (SMA), but they utilize different mechanisms to contract populated collagen lattices (PCLs). The difference is in how the cells generate the force that contracts the lattices. Human dermal fibroblasts transform into myofibroblasts, expressing $\alpha$-SMA within stress fibers, when cultured in lattices that remain attached to the surface of a tissue culture dish. When attached lattices are populated with rat derived vascular SMC, the cells retain their vascular SMC phenotype. Comparing the contraction of attached PCLs when they are released from the culture dish on …


Mental Reversal Of Imagined Melodies: A Role For The Posterior Parietal Cortex, R.J. Zatorre, Andrea Halpern, M. Bouffard 2010 Bucknell University

Mental Reversal Of Imagined Melodies: A Role For The Posterior Parietal Cortex, R.J. Zatorre, Andrea Halpern, M. Bouffard

Faculty Journal Articles

Two fMRI experiments explored the neural substrates of a musical imagery task that required manipulation of the imagined sounds: temporal reversal of a melody. Musicians were presented with the first few notes of a familiar tune (Experiment 1) or its title (Experiment 2), followed by a string of notes that was either an exact or an inexact reversal. The task was to judge whether the second string was correct or not by mentally reversing all its notes, thus requiring both maintenance and manipulation of the represented string. Both experiments showed considerable activation of the superior parietal lobe (intraparietal sulcus) during …


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