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246,703 full-text articles. Page 6 of 7561.

Regenera+.Uy: Designing A Co-Innovation Process To Apply The Principles Of Regenerative Livestock Production, Oscar Blumetto, M. Bustamante, A. Castagna, D. Caresani, G. Ciappesoni, R. Baptista, I. De Barbieri 2024 National Institute of Agriculture Research, Uruguay

Regenera+.Uy: Designing A Co-Innovation Process To Apply The Principles Of Regenerative Livestock Production, Oscar Blumetto, M. Bustamante, A. Castagna, D. Caresani, G. Ciappesoni, R. Baptista, I. De Barbieri

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Consumers around the world are beginning to demand products whose production systems have environmental guarantees. Among them, those derived from regenerative agriculture have a growing demand in many markets. A comprehensive environmental assessment was carried out in 9 case studies of mixed livestock production farms (cattle and sheep) in Uruguay as a basis for the development of a system redesign process following the principles of regenerative agriculture. The results show that emission intensity was 16.0, 10.5, and 49.2 kg CO2 eq kg-1 of beef, sheep meat, and greasy wool, respectively. Also, a simulation exercise shows a significative reduction of emission …


Estimating Forage Biomass Using Unmanned Ground And Aerial Vehicles, B. A. Koc, J. Singh, M. J. Aguerre, 2024 Clemson University

Estimating Forage Biomass Using Unmanned Ground And Aerial Vehicles, B. A. Koc, J. Singh, M. J. Aguerre,

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The assessment of the amount of biomass in the field is one of the critical factors that helps to manage and optimize numerous operations associated with forage management in the livestock industry. Pasture management decisions about stocking rate, grazing duration, and fertilizer application rate depend on accurate forage availability measurements. The objective of this study was to develop different nondestructive methods of forage biomass estimation using unmanned vehicles based on the relationship between crop height (CH) and the measured above-ground biomass. The unmanned vehicle-based methods were developed and tested on Alfalfa (Medicago Sativa) and Tall Fescue (Schedonorus …


Genetic Modification – Applications For Forage And Grassland Production Systems, J. R. Caradus 2024 Grasslanz Technology Ltd, Palmerston North, New Zealand

Genetic Modification – Applications For Forage And Grassland Production Systems, J. R. Caradus

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Genetic modification has been extensively used in crops for 25 years but has rarely been a technology used to advance trait expression in forage and grassland species. The exceptions are the use of herbicide tolerance and low lignin traits in alfalfa which are currently commercially available. In crop species genetic modification has been a valuable option for delivering improved economic and environmental outcomes through providing solutions for many of the challenges facing mankind. There are a many beneficial characteristics that genetic modification has the potential to provide in forage and grassland species. Managing these in the environment and understanding consumer …


A Framework For Promoting Diverse Perennial Circular Forage Systems For More Resilient Agricultural Landscapes: Developing Extension And Educational Tools For Resilience And Sustainability, Cassida K. A., W. Lamp, S. Gruss 2024 Michigan State University

A Framework For Promoting Diverse Perennial Circular Forage Systems For More Resilient Agricultural Landscapes: Developing Extension And Educational Tools For Resilience And Sustainability, Cassida K. A., W. Lamp, S. Gruss

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The Resilience CAP Team seeks to use diverse, perennial, circular forage systems (DPCFS) to enhance biodiversity, improve soil and plant health, support ecosystem service, all towards achieving greater resilience to global change and improving the farm economy and quality of life. Our project will design a transdisciplinary framework that combines agronomic, ecological, economic, and sociological factors to achieve greater resilience and stability in agricultural systems through use of DPCFS. In this paper, we describe two of the project’s six objectives. Objective 5 is our extension/outreach arm where we will develop extension media, activities, and actionable decision tools to communicate concepts …


Convalescing Soil Functionality Of Degraded Lands: An Experience From Semi-Arid India, A. Chandra, H. Baradwal, A. Ghosh, A. K. Singh, S. S. Manjangouda 2024 ICAR-Indian Grassland and Fodder Research Institute, India

Convalescing Soil Functionality Of Degraded Lands: An Experience From Semi-Arid India, A. Chandra, H. Baradwal, A. Ghosh, A. K. Singh, S. S. Manjangouda

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Land loss is not only whittling away India’s gross domestic product by 2.5% every year and affecting its crop yield but also exacerbating climate change events in the country. To test applicability of alternate land use systems for improving soil functionality in restored ecologies, soils were sampled from the 0-15, 15-30 and 30-45 cm layers of Leucaena leucocephala (LL), Hardwickia binata (HB), Emblica officinalis (EO), Azadiracta indica (AI) based silviculture systems, Acacia nilotica-based silvipasture systems (AN), and natural grassland (NG) and compared with a fallow land (F). They were evaluated for carbon management index (CMI), nutrient supply capacity (NSC), …


Stoloniferous Forage Legumes For Sustainable Mixed Pastures In The Tropics, R. M. Boddey, C de P Rezende, J. Marques Pereira, C. A. dos Santos, Animal Husbandry Station of the Extreme South of Bahia, Brazil, I. O. Ramalho, R. M. Macedo, B. C. G. Homem, D. R. Casagrande, S. Urquiaga, B. J. R. Alves 2024 Embrapa Agrobiologia, Brazil

Stoloniferous Forage Legumes For Sustainable Mixed Pastures In The Tropics, R. M. Boddey, C De P Rezende, J. Marques Pereira, C. A. Dos Santos, Animal Husbandry Station Of The Extreme South Of Bahia, Brazil, I. O. Ramalho, R. M. Macedo, B. C. G. Homem, D. R. Casagrande, S. Urquiaga, B. J. R. Alves

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Brazil has over 80 million ha of tropical pastures formed with species of Brachiaria (syn. Urochloa), mostly grazed by beef cattle and with low fertilizer inputs, especially nitrogen. Recent investigations by our team show that stoloniferous legumes such as forage peanut (Arachis pintoi) and Desmodium ovalifolium are able to persist in mixed swards with Brachiaria brizantha (cv. Marandu) if grazing height is regulated (maximum 30 cm) so that radiation can reach the soil surface allowing stolons to take root. These legumes can persist in mixed pastures and produce milk or animal weight gains similar to the application …


Ecosystem Benefits Of Invasive Annual Grass Removal, S. L. Clark 2024 Envu

Ecosystem Benefits Of Invasive Annual Grass Removal, S. L. Clark

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Invasive winter annual grasses (IAGs) are altering rangeland ecosystems across millions of hectares in the western US. These winter annuals outcompete native plants for soil moisture and nutrients, leading to devastating impacts on ecosystem functions. The IAG seedbank is short-lived and often does not persist beyond 3 years. Past tools for IAG control have only provided short-term control or caused injury to the native plant community, making it difficult for researchers to assess the ecosystem benefits of IAG removal. A newer herbicide option, indaziflam, provides IAG control for three or more years. Indaziflam’s extended soil residual control and tolerance of …


Exploring Profitable, Sustainable Livestock Businesses In An Increasingly Variable Climate, B. R. Cullen, M. T. Harrison, D. Mayberry, D. Cobon, N. Reichelt, A. Sinnet, KM Christie, F. Bilotto, D-A An-Vo, C. Stokes, L. Perry, T. Davison 2024 University of Melbourne, Australia

Exploring Profitable, Sustainable Livestock Businesses In An Increasingly Variable Climate, B. R. Cullen, M. T. Harrison, D. Mayberry, D. Cobon, N. Reichelt, A. Sinnet, Km Christie, F. Bilotto, D-A An-Vo, C. Stokes, L. Perry, T. Davison

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Livestock production systems will need to change in many regions of the world to meet the dual challenges of adaptation to a changing climate and reducing net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The ‘Nexus project’ is exploring these options using seven case studies in eastern Australia spanning a range of production systems from semi-arid beef production in northern Australia to mixed beef and sheep production in cool temperate climates of southern Australia. Regional reference groups, made up of 4-6 local farmers and advisers, identified a series of farm systems changes that could be made to meet these challenges. Options were categorised …


Curbing Crop Farmers And Herders Clashes In Nigeria: The Ranching Option, T. T. Akpensuen, M. B. Foreman 2024 University of Jos, Nigeria

Curbing Crop Farmers And Herders Clashes In Nigeria: The Ranching Option, T. T. Akpensuen, M. B. Foreman

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Nigeria is a West African country with a huge population and over 70% of the population are peasant and subsistence farmers scattered in rural areas. Due to a decrease in arable and grazing lands, there are clashes between crop farmers and herders which have increased significantly in the last two decades. Some of the causes of the clashes include the destruction of crops by cattle, contamination of drinking water sources, sexual harassment of women by herders, animal rustling and killings, impunity and ineffective governance security agencies, tremendous increase in population, urbanization, desertification, industrialisation, insurgency, banditry, ethnic and religious inclination, effects …


Public Policies For The Development Of A Sustainable, Forage-Based Cattle Sector In Colombia, Argentina, And Costa Rica: A Comparative Analysis, S. Burkart, M. Diaz, Moreno Lerma 2024 The Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT, Colombia

Public Policies For The Development Of A Sustainable, Forage-Based Cattle Sector In Colombia, Argentina, And Costa Rica: A Comparative Analysis, S. Burkart, M. Diaz, Moreno Lerma

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Projected increases in global food demand highlight the importance of Latin America as one of the major future food suppliers, particularly regarding animal-source foods such as beef or milk. Despite the importance of the cattle sector for the region, its negative environmental impacts are numerous and the shift towards sustainability is perceived as slow and uncoordinated. This study aims to identify achievements and difficulties in the implementation of public policies for a sustainable cattle sector in Colombia, Argentina, and Costa Rica, for which policies focused on the use of silvo-pastoral systems and forage-based solutions are prioritized. Based on the review …


Grasslands, Rangelands, Pastoralists – What Do We Mean?, D. M. Kelly, Ann Waters-Bayer, K. L. Johnson, Maryam Niamir-Fuller, Chris Magero, Tungalag Ulambayer 2024 University of Southern Queensland in Dubai

Grasslands, Rangelands, Pastoralists – What Do We Mean?, D. M. Kelly, Ann Waters-Bayer, K. L. Johnson, Maryam Niamir-Fuller, Chris Magero, Tungalag Ulambayer

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The terms grasslands and rangelands are often confused, but the terms used to describe the people who live and manage these areas are even more confusing. The myriad of words used about these people includes: pastoralists, farmers, ranchers, herders, transhumants, indigenous peoples, nomads, graziers, gauchos. The terms used vary across the world, and meanings vary across time and space. One definition of pastoralists is “livestock-keepers who specialise in taking advantage of variability, managing grazing itineraries at a variety of scales so that livestock feed better than without a herder” (Krätli 2019). The United Nations Decade of Family Farming defines farmers …


Barriers/Drivers Of Diverse Perennial Systems: Policy Recommendations, M. L. Krome, A. S. Finan, J. Obudzinski, N. Serrano 2024 Michael Fields Agricultural Institute

Barriers/Drivers Of Diverse Perennial Systems: Policy Recommendations, M. L. Krome, A. S. Finan, J. Obudzinski, N. Serrano

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Despite growing documentation of perennial- and grass-based systems’ importance in addressing many ecological, infrastructural, farmer profitability, and climate concerns, these systems do not predominate on most United States farm and ranch lands. To better understand what impedes their wider adoption, we undertook four focus groups of diverse current and potential farmers using perennial systems. We were especially interested in how these farmers access, or don’t, insurance, credit, and federal programs, identifying patterns among farmers embracing more sustainable practices. Our virtual focus groups comprised 16 farmers in ten states, transecting climate zones and representing both rural and urban production systems and …


A New Soil Erosion Model For Alpine Meadow In The Source Park Of The Yellow River, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China, Huilong Lin, Rong Tang 2024 Lanzhou University, China

A New Soil Erosion Model For Alpine Meadow In The Source Park Of The Yellow River, Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China, Huilong Lin, Rong Tang

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The source park of the Yellow River (SPYR), as a vital ecological shelter, is suffering different degrees of degradation and desertification, resulting in soil erosion in recent decades. It is urgent to find a soil erosion model suitable for the SPYR to grasp the amount and spatial distribution pattern of soil erosion, and to provide data support for soil erosion zoning and grading management. Base on largescale systematic sampling, 521 measured soil 137Cs data and environmental variables affecting soil erosion were used to verify the applicability of the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE) and the Revised Wind Erosion Equation …


Applying The Concepts Of Animal Husbandry To Human Health, John Madany 2024 University of Kentucky

Applying The Concepts Of Animal Husbandry To Human Health, John Madany

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Instead of a new paradigm, we need to modify an old paradigm. We must focus on restoring soil health and reviving human health. Ruminants can be used to heal the land and the people. Pastoralists, by managing ruminants, can preserve their own health while promoting soil health.


Challenges Of Grassland Policies Implementation In Kenya And The Sustainable Development Goals, N. Daari 2024 Mekerere University, Kenya

Challenges Of Grassland Policies Implementation In Kenya And The Sustainable Development Goals, N. Daari

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Since independence, Kenya has found herself at the crossroads caused by economic recession, criminality, corruption and ineptitude leadership that has led to persistent household extreme poverty. It is time now to search for solutions to address the challenges facing sustainable livelihood development in Kenya. This study, therefore examines the challenges of grasslands related policies and their implementation in Kenya and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). A review study of the literature on grasslands and rangelands related policies and laws, SDGs frameworks, government and academic literature was carried out. The study results show that; Kenya has faced challenges of grasslands policies …


Below Ground Benefits Of Cactus Opuntia Stricta Under Rangeland Conditions In Laikipia, Kenya, K. T. Oduor, Jose C. B. Dubeux, W. O. Owino, M. Ruiz-Moreno, L. M. D. Queiroz, I. L. Bretas 2024 University of Florida

Below Ground Benefits Of Cactus Opuntia Stricta Under Rangeland Conditions In Laikipia, Kenya, K. T. Oduor, Jose C. B. Dubeux, W. O. Owino, M. Ruiz-Moreno, L. M. D. Queiroz, I. L. Bretas

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Cactus Opuntia stricta primarily invades arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs), which form more than 80% of Kenya’s landmass. The ability of the plant to tolerate poor soils and accumulate biomass under low precipitation has resulted in studies into its potential use by pastoral communities for biofuel and livestock feed. However, few studies have assessed the below-ground benefits associated with cactus under rangeland conditions. In this study, we evaluated the root contributions of the invasives cactus Opuntia stricta under rangeland conditions in Laikipia, Kenya. The experiment was laid out in a randomized complete block design with ten (10) replicates, each measuring …


Applying The Transdisciplinary Adaptive Systemic Approach To Securing The Long-Term Future Of Grassland Ecosystems, C. G. Palmer, Z. W. Tessema, A. Bantider, B. Gusha, J. Tanner 2024 Rhodes University, South Africa

Applying The Transdisciplinary Adaptive Systemic Approach To Securing The Long-Term Future Of Grassland Ecosystems, C. G. Palmer, Z. W. Tessema, A. Bantider, B. Gusha, J. Tanner

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Contemporary grasslands all exist as complex adaptive systems, specifically complex social-ecological systems – whether these are in protected areas or are part of private or communal agricultural landscapes. These systems are subject to the current planetary condition that includes rapidly growing human populations and demand for natural resources, the widespread use of pollutants, and climate change consequences. All complex adaptive systems have characteristics in common - they comprise multiple elements, which interact, and the multiple interactions cause intersecting feedback loops. As a result, a current system condition reflects its history, future condition is difficult to predict, and interventions have unpredictable …


Collaborative Management Of Common Pasture Resources: Institutional Concerns On Sustainable Pasture Use In Mongolia, Nyamdorj Doljinsuren, Tserendash Sainkhuu, Ariunbold Batkhuu 2024 University of Finance and Economics, Mongolia

Collaborative Management Of Common Pasture Resources: Institutional Concerns On Sustainable Pasture Use In Mongolia, Nyamdorj Doljinsuren, Tserendash Sainkhuu, Ariunbold Batkhuu

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Mongolia is a landlocked country which is elevated on average to 1,580 m above sea level with a range of 532 m (Khukh Nuur Lake depression) and 4,374 m (Khuiten mountain peak, Mongolian Altai range), in Asia. Historically, animal husbandry was dominantly widespread in the country. Today, 73% of the country's territory accounts for agriculture, where 31.6% of the national population belong. Agriculture contributes 13% of the gross domestic production of the country after mining and industry and construction sectors (The Statistical Yearbook 2021). Animal husbandry produces 96% of gross agriculture product, occupying 70% of the country's territory as pasture …


Saving Rangelands From Pastoralists? Understanding The Long-Term Socio-Ecological Consequences Of The Current Rangeland Conservation Model In The Indian Himalaya, Rashmi Singh 2024 Ambedkar University Delhi, India

Saving Rangelands From Pastoralists? Understanding The Long-Term Socio-Ecological Consequences Of The Current Rangeland Conservation Model In The Indian Himalaya, Rashmi Singh

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

Following the mainstream narrative of biodiversity conservation, state-led policies of pastoralist removal from protected areas have been a common practice across parts of Asia and Africa. In the Himalayan region, restrictive access and removal of pastoralist communities from protected areas have been assumed to be the best remedy for rangeland conservation. But does this practice translate into any benefits for conservation? This paper critiques the current conservation model adopted in the Indian Himalayas. I argue that this model simply recreates a landscape favouring the state’s interests, produces exclusions, and may also negatively affect both society and ecology. I build on …


The Impacts Of Collective Action In Common-Pool Resources ——Evidence From The Field Of Grassland Use, Wang Jizhe, Liu Min, Nie Zihan 2024 Lanzhou University, China

The Impacts Of Collective Action In Common-Pool Resources ——Evidence From The Field Of Grassland Use, Wang Jizhe, Liu Min, Nie Zihan

IGC Proceedings (1997-2023)

The deterioration of common-pool resources is a serious issue faced by over the world now. How to manage public resources sustainably is extremely urgent. Collective action plays an important role in the sustainable management of common-pool resources. It creates a common goal that makes resource users not only concern their individual interests, but also the collective interests, in order to avoid the common-pool resource dilemma. The extent of collective interests that resource users concern affects their decisions in collective action, which further impacts the sustainable use of common-pool resources. We use a grazing experiment to observe and measure collective action. …


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