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222,866 full-text articles. Page 5 of 6488.

Inter-Annual Variability In Growth And Maturation Of The Swordtip Squid Uroteuthis Edulis In Yilan Bay Off Northeastern Taiwan, Jing-Yu Chen, Tzu-Yun Ching, Chih-Shin Chen 2022 Institute of Marine Affairs and Resource Management, National Taiwan Ocean University, Keelung 20224, Taiwan

Inter-Annual Variability In Growth And Maturation Of The Swordtip Squid Uroteuthis Edulis In Yilan Bay Off Northeastern Taiwan, Jing-Yu Chen, Tzu-Yun Ching, Chih-Shin Chen

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

The swordtip squid Uroteuthis edulis, distributed in the temperate and tropical neritic waters in the Indo-Pacific region, is a crucial component of marine ecosystems and is a target species of fisheries in the Northwest Pacific. Although studies have elucidated the growth and maturation of the squid in the southern East China Sea (ECS) shelf, few have assessed the population biology of the squid in waters in the vicinity of the southern ECS. We collected samples of swordtip squid from a trawler in Yilan Bay (YLB) between January 2011 and December 2012 to examine the growth and maturation of the squid ...


Study On The Improved Radiation Boundary Conditions Based On The Quadratic B-Spline Rankine Panel Method, Ming-Chung Fang, Chun-Hsien Wu 2022 Department of Systems and Naval Mechatronic Engineering, National Cheng Kung University

Study On The Improved Radiation Boundary Conditions Based On The Quadratic B-Spline Rankine Panel Method, Ming-Chung Fang, Chun-Hsien Wu

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

This study presents a higher-order Rankine source method that is based on a biquadratic B-spline scheme with an improved radiation boundary condition. This method solves flow problems under all conditions, where , including the undercritical condition ( < 0.25); this condition is present when a ship undergoes slow translational motion. The proposed method is thus more flexible than the many Rankine-source models in the literature that are applicable only to the overcritical condition ( > 0.25). Specifically, the improved radiation boundary condition is derived from upstream Seto radiation boundary conditions and by incorporating the Rayleigh damping distribution over a free surface; the improved condition is explicit and efficient for solving flow problems. In evaluations, the proposed method yields accurate solutions for unsteady flows, which are produced by an oscillating, translationally moving submerged singularity. The method is also compared against ...


Sensitive Analysis Of The Static Response Of Compliant Vertical Access Risers, Fuheng Li, Haiyan Guo, Xiaomin Li, Honglu Gu 2022 College of Engineering, Ocean University of China, Qingdao, 266100, China

Sensitive Analysis Of The Static Response Of Compliant Vertical Access Risers, Fuheng Li, Haiyan Guo, Xiaomin Li, Honglu Gu

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

Compliant vertical access risers (CVARs) are considered as efficient and robust alternative options to achieve cost efficiency and safety. Design uncertainties emerge owing to the limited understanding of the effects of various parameters related to the structural properties and marine loads. In this paper, a reasonable three-dimensional (3D) numerical model of CVAR with internal flow is presented based on the slender rod theory. Accordingly, the finite element method combined with a Newton-Raphson scheme is employed to discretize and solve the equations. A sensitivity analysis is performed to investigate the influence of the structural and external load parameters on the static ...


Influence Of Boundary Conditions And Internal Fluid Types On Dynamic Characteristics Of A Deepwater Riser, Lei Guo, Zong-Ming Zhu, Zhong-Jian Pan, Zhi-Ming Guo 2022 College of Electromechanical Engineering, Changsha University, Changsha, China.

Influence Of Boundary Conditions And Internal Fluid Types On Dynamic Characteristics Of A Deepwater Riser, Lei Guo, Zong-Ming Zhu, Zhong-Jian Pan, Zhi-Ming Guo

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

Deepwater Steel Catenary Riser (DSCR) is the key structure of oil and gas production system in the ocean. To design an optimized DSCR system, the dynamic characteristics of the DSCR are analyzed by setting some different boundary condi-tions and internal fluid types. The main vibration mode of the DSCR is found orthogonal to both mass and stiffness according to the normalization condition of the main mode, and then the regular mode function and the jth order principal stiffness Kpj are obtained. Under different initial conditions, the transverse responses of DSCR represented by regular coordinates under arbitrary excitation are obtained. Then ...


Variance Of Td-Mosaic Dual-Vortex Interactions Between In-Fa And Cempaka (2021) In The North Pacific, Tsorng-Lin Chia, Guang-Yang Pan, Ji-Chyun Liu 2022 Department of Computer and Communication Engineering, Ming Chuan University, Taoyuan, Taiwan 333, R.O.C.

Variance Of Td-Mosaic Dual-Vortex Interactions Between In-Fa And Cempaka (2021) In The North Pacific, Tsorng-Lin Chia, Guang-Yang Pan, Ji-Chyun Liu

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

A study of the different types of dual-vortex interactions or “Fujiwara effects” between two storms is crucial for considerably improving weather forecasts. This study combined remote sensing images, empirical formulas based on the possibility of storm interaction (Liou–Liu formula), and vector addition techniques to accurately analyze In-Fa and Cempaka typhoons and the surrounding weather patterns during the 2021 typhoon season in the North Pacific. Although the distance separating the typhoons In-Fa and Cempaka was 1,800–2,040 km, the influence of middle air flow and a tropical depression (TD) caused a "vector superposition TD-mosaic double-vortex" interaction between the ...


Optimal Deployment Of Flood Emergency Response Materials Under Stochastic Demands, Shangyao Yan, Jenn-Rong Lin, Chia-Fu Ku 2022 Department of Civil Engineering, National Central University, Taoyuan 32001, Taiwan

Optimal Deployment Of Flood Emergency Response Materials Under Stochastic Demands, Shangyao Yan, Jenn-Rong Lin, Chia-Fu Ku

Journal of Marine Science and Technology

This study aims to develop a planning model for the deployment of flood emergency response materials under stochastic demands. For ease of modeling, a deterministic demand model is first proposed, from which the stochastic model is further extended. These models are used to determine the allocation of materials the transport truck routes and distribution of the stockpiled materials to emergency sites. The models are formulated as multiple integer network flow problems with special side constraints which are characterized as NP-hard in terms of optimization. To solve the complicated stochastic model efficiently, we also develop a solution algorithm based on a ...


Hydrodynamic Limitations To Mangrove Seedling Retention In Subtropical Estuaries, Kelly M. Kibler, Christian Pilato, Linda Walters, Melinda Donnelly, Jyotismita Taye 2022 University of Central Florida

Hydrodynamic Limitations To Mangrove Seedling Retention In Subtropical Estuaries, Kelly M. Kibler, Christian Pilato, Linda Walters, Melinda Donnelly, Jyotismita Taye

Flow-biota Interaction and Natural Infrastructure Design

Mangrove forest sustainability hinges upon propagule recruitment and seedling retention. This study evaluates biophysical limitations to mangrove seedling persistence by measuring anchoring force of two mangrove species (Rhizophora mangle and Avicennia germinans). Anchoring force was measured in 362 seedlings via lateral pull-tests administered in mangrove forests of two subtropical estuaries and in laboratory-based experiments. Removal mechanism varied with seedling age: newly-established seedlings failed due to root pull-out while seedlings older than 3 months failed by root breakage. Anchoring force of R. mangle seedlings was consistently and significantly greater than A. germinans (GLM: p = 0.002), however force to remove A ...


Distinct Mirnas Associated With Various Clinical Presentations Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection., Qiqi Zeng, Xin Qi, Junpeng Ma, Fang Hu, Xiaorui Wang, Hongyu Qin, Mengyang Li, Shaoxin Huang, Yong Yang, Yixin Li, Han Bai, Meng Jiang, Doudou Ren, Ye Kang, Yang Zhao, Xiaobei Chen, Xi Ding, Di Ye, Yankui Wang, Jianguo Jiang, Dong Li, Xi Chen, Ke Hu, Binghong Zhang, Bingyin Shi, Chengsheng Zhang 2022 The Jackson Laboratory

Distinct Mirnas Associated With Various Clinical Presentations Of Sars-Cov-2 Infection., Qiqi Zeng, Xin Qi, Junpeng Ma, Fang Hu, Xiaorui Wang, Hongyu Qin, Mengyang Li, Shaoxin Huang, Yong Yang, Yixin Li, Han Bai, Meng Jiang, Doudou Ren, Ye Kang, Yang Zhao, Xiaobei Chen, Xi Ding, Di Ye, Yankui Wang, Jianguo Jiang, Dong Li, Xi Chen, Ke Hu, Binghong Zhang, Bingyin Shi, Chengsheng Zhang

Faculty Research 2022

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been shown to play important roles in viral infections, but their associations with SARS-CoV-2 infection remain poorly understood. Here, we detected 85 differentially expressed miRNAs (DE-miRNAs) from 2,336 known and 361 novel miRNAs that were identified in 233 plasma samples from 61 healthy controls and 116 patients with COVID-19 using the high-throughput sequencing and computational analysis. These DE-miRNAs were associated with SASR-CoV-2 infection, disease severity, and viral persistence in the patients with COVID-19, respectively. Gene ontology and KEGG pathway analyses of the DE-miRNAs revealed their connections to viral infections, immune responses, and lung diseases. Finally, we ...


Environmental Toxins Disproportionately Affect Low Income And Minority Communities Along The Providence River, Jalynn Booker 2022 Providence College

Environmental Toxins Disproportionately Affect Low Income And Minority Communities Along The Providence River, Jalynn Booker

Biology Student Scholarship

The effects of environmental toxins emitted from the various industrial businesses along the Providence River and Allen’s Ave have been reported by residents to cause an incline in respiratory diseases and other illnesses in children and adults in nearby neighborhoods. Operations along Allen’s Ave consist of heavy toxin emitting practices such as hot asphalt mixing, fuels emissions, toxic runoff, gas leaks and piles of scrap metal. Many local news articles and blog posts have reported on the fact that this industrial waterfront has adversely impacted neighboring communities. However, there is little research explicitly comparing the socioeconomic differences between ...


Climate Effects On Butterfly Species Richness, Isabelle Heron 2022 Providence College

Climate Effects On Butterfly Species Richness, Isabelle Heron

Biology Student Scholarship

The effects of climate change on the surrounding biodiversity lead scientists to argue an “insect apocalypse” is approaching. Butterflies, as poikilothermic animals, meaning their activity is closely controlled by weather, represent a useful indicator to studying climate change. Scientists can detect changes in butterfly abundance which result in changes in distribution and abundance over a short period of time. BIO 340 final project


Asset Values Of Trees Vary Among Age And Condition, Aidan Castricone 2022 Providence College

Asset Values Of Trees Vary Among Age And Condition, Aidan Castricone

Biology Student Scholarship

Trees are utilized everywhere for visual, physical or functional means with an example being on Providence College campus. We have 1,403 trees part of an inventory and management plan. As part of this plan that was updated this past December 2021 each tree has an asset value calculated with consideration of the size, species, condition, and location. What was not clear in the management plan was whether one factor held more weight in the calculated value compared to another factor. This research focuses on the influence that the age and condition of the tree have on the tree asset ...


Lyme Disease Cases Dependent On Annual Snowfall, Andrew Jordan 2022 Providence College

Lyme Disease Cases Dependent On Annual Snowfall, Andrew Jordan

Biology Student Scholarship

Ticks are parasitic arachnids that inhabit every region of the United States. Ticks can spread diseases through feeding on the blood of mammals and birds. Lyme disease is a bacterial infection you can get from the bite of a Blacklegged tick (deer tick), which can lead to long term health effects and can ultimately lead to fatality. Depending on location, up to 50% of ticks in the given area can carry Lyme disease. Lyme disease is a problem and climate change could make it even worse. Whether or not a tick dies in the winter depends on how deep they ...


The Impacts Of Ph On Biodiversity In Marine Environments, Matthew Rock 2022 Providence College

The Impacts Of Ph On Biodiversity In Marine Environments, Matthew Rock

Biology Student Scholarship

Climate change continues to impact each and every environment on Earth due to rising levels of greenhouse gasses. CO2 is the most pervasive of these gasses, and when mixed with seawater it creates carbonic acid increasing the pH of water. Ocean acidification has led to large-scale die-offs of more sensitive marine species like coral; therefore, this project serves to evaluate the interaction between pH and the biodiversity of coastal marine environments. BIO 340 final project


Bird Nesting Trends In Massachusetts, Dieter Rodriguez 2022 Providence College

Bird Nesting Trends In Massachusetts, Dieter Rodriguez

Biology Student Scholarship

Bird nesting data has long been documented for various species across the United States. While trends between temperature changes or precipitation on bird nesting have been studied for particular species, studies done on the effects of temperature due to climate change on bird nesting on the broader state level are lacking. Using bird nesting data and average annual temperature data for Massachusetts collected over a ten year period, I assessed the effects of temperature changes over time on bird nesting attempts and total eggs laid for all documented species within the state. BIO 340 final project


The Effect Of Temperature On Algal Blooms In New York State, Kylie Taylor 2022 Providence College

The Effect Of Temperature On Algal Blooms In New York State, Kylie Taylor

Biology Student Scholarship

Water shapes all flora and fauna. Urbanization, industrialization, and other human activities have negatively affected this important source. For example, algal blooms arise due to a combination of sunlight, warm temperatures, and excessive nutrient runoff. The nutrients are a result of fertilizer runoff which enters aquatic systems and cause algal blooms. Increased air temperatures cause increased water temperatures which creates ideal conditions for cyanobacteria growth which are responsible for blooms. Algal blooms affect the entire ecosystem by decreasing sunlight availability in the water. Decreased sunlight contributes to low oxygen dead-zones which negatively affect drinking water reservoirs. I examined the relationship ...


China In Global Landscape Of Life Sciences, Xian-En ZHANG 2022 State Key Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China Faculty of Synthetic Biology, Shenzhen Institute of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenzhen 518055, China

China In Global Landscape Of Life Sciences, Xian-En Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

The development of life science for over 150 years can be summarized into three stages:classical genetics, molecular genetics and molecular biology, life omics and systems biology. The contemporary life science is unprecedentedly prosperous, showing several new characteristics:original discoveries emerge in endlessly, promoting massive bottom-level innovations; the convergence of multiple disciplines promotes biological sciences from qualitative description to dynamic, precise and quantitative interpretation; scientific data sharing has become a common rule in the life science community; and the rise of synthetic biology and artificial intelligence (AI) provides a new paradigm for life science research. These characteristics enable the knowledge ...


A Mathematical Model For Biological Field Effect Tranistors, Ryan M. Evans, Seulki Cho, Arvind Ballijepalli, Anthony Kearsley 2022 National Institute of Standards and Technology

A Mathematical Model For Biological Field Effect Tranistors, Ryan M. Evans, Seulki Cho, Arvind Ballijepalli, Anthony Kearsley

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Using A Network Model To Control The Spread Of An Infectious Disease On A College Campus With Contact Tracing, Christopher R. Boyette 2022 Elon University

Using A Network Model To Control The Spread Of An Infectious Disease On A College Campus With Contact Tracing, Christopher R. Boyette

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Understanding Biofilm-Phage Interactions In Mathematical Framework, Blessing Emerenini 2022 Rochester Institute of Technology

Understanding Biofilm-Phage Interactions In Mathematical Framework, Blessing Emerenini

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


Optimal Intervention Strategies To Minimize Spread Of Infectious Diseases And Economic Impact On A Dynamic Small-World Network, Malindi Whyte, Danielle DaSilva 2022 Wake Forest University

Optimal Intervention Strategies To Minimize Spread Of Infectious Diseases And Economic Impact On A Dynamic Small-World Network, Malindi Whyte, Danielle Dasilva

Biology and Medicine Through Mathematics Conference

No abstract provided.


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