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Movements And Resource Selection Of Wild Pigs Associated With Growth Stages Of Corn, Bethany A. Friesenhahn, Randall W. DeYoung, Michael J. Cherry, Humberto L. perotto-Baldivieso, Kurt C. VerCauteren, Nathan P. Snow 2023 Texas A&M University

Movements And Resource Selection Of Wild Pigs Associated With Growth Stages Of Corn, Bethany A. Friesenhahn, Randall W. Deyoung, Michael J. Cherry, Humberto L. Perotto-Baldivieso, Kurt C. Vercauteren, Nathan P. Snow

USDA Wildlife Services - Staff Publications

Wild pigs (Sus scrofa) are one of the most successful invasive species globally and are often implicated in agricultural damage. This damage is expected to increase as ranges of wild pigs expand, impacting the human food supply and increasing costs of food production. Our objective was to evaluate movement behaviors of wild pigs relative to resource availability and landscape features in an agriculture-dominated landscape, with a goal of informing management practices for reducing damage to corn. We monitored hourly movements of adult wild pigs relative to corn crops using GPS collars during the 2019 and 2020 growing seasons (Feb–Sept) in …


The Relationship Between Parasite Infection, Body Condition, And Migration In White-Crowned Sparrows And California Towhees, Madeline Galbraith 2023 Claremont Colleges

The Relationship Between Parasite Infection, Body Condition, And Migration In White-Crowned Sparrows And California Towhees, Madeline Galbraith

CMC Senior Theses

Long-distance animal migration plays a large role in the spread of infectious disease, potentially causing an increase or a decrease in infection. These outcomes can be serious, as infection has the ability to induce a variety of effects on the host, all which may impact their overall health. The consequences of infection on a host can be measured using body condition. Changes to an individual’s body condition are central to the mechanisms involved in migration’s ability to both increase (ex: susceptibility) and decrease infection (ex: migratory culling). Therefore, when assessing potential migratory effects, it is important to consider relationships between …


The Relationship Between Maternal Emotion Socialization And Child Executive Functioning And Behavior: Exploring The Moderating Role Of Cortisol, Mayela Norwood 2023 Claremont Colleges

The Relationship Between Maternal Emotion Socialization And Child Executive Functioning And Behavior: Exploring The Moderating Role Of Cortisol, Mayela Norwood

CMC Senior Theses

In the early years of life, the development of children’s executive functioning (EF) and behavior regulation are critical to their later growth and self-sufficiency. Previous studies have indicated that one pathway by which children learn to regulate their emotions is through their immediate social environments (de Cock et al., 2017). Parents, in particular, play a significant role in the development of their children‘s emotion regulation and executive functioning (Fernandes et al., 2022). At the same time, physiological responses to stress also matter. Cortisol, the end product of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, has also been associated with children’s executive functioning and behavior …


Analysis Of Biologically Effective Dose For Retroactive Yttrium-90 Trans-Arterial Radioembolization Treatment Optimization, MJ Lindsey 2023 Claremont McKenna College

Analysis Of Biologically Effective Dose For Retroactive Yttrium-90 Trans-Arterial Radioembolization Treatment Optimization, Mj Lindsey

CMC Senior Theses

Trans-arterial radioembolization (TARE) is a protracted modality of radiation therapy where radionuclides labeled with Yttrium-90 (90Y) are inserted inside a patient's hepatic artery to treat hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). While TARE has been shown to be a clinically effective and safe treatment, there is little understanding of the radiobiological relationship between absorbed dose and tissue response, and thus there is no dosimetric standard for treatment planning. The Biologically Effective Dose (BED) formalism, derived from the Linear-Quadratic model of radiobiology, is used to weigh the absorbed dose by the time pattern of delivery. BED is a virtual dose that can …


Movement As Medicine: Dance/Movement Therapy For Individuals With Autism, Parkinson’S Disease, And Cancer, Alessia Zanobini 2023 Claremont McKenna College

Movement As Medicine: Dance/Movement Therapy For Individuals With Autism, Parkinson’S Disease, And Cancer, Alessia Zanobini

CMC Senior Theses

Dance/movement therapy (D/MT) is the psychotherapeutic use of expressive, creative movement to support holistic well-being. D/MT views the human being as a single body-mind unit and movement as a manifestation of life experiences. While typically practiced as a mental health intervention, D/MT can be adapted for a variety of populations. This thesis evaluates scientific data for the non-traditional use of D/MT for three conditions: autism, Parkinson’s disease, and cancer. For individuals on the autism spectrum, D/MT can strengthen attunement skills, provide creative communication outlets, and relieve harmful physical manifestations of autism. For individuals with Parkinson’s disease, D/MT can simultaneously ease …


Visualization And Characterization Of The Immunological Synapse Between Chlorotoxin Chimeric Antigen (Cltx-Car) Redirected T Cells And Targeted Glioblastoma Tumors, Arianna Livi 2023 Claremont Colleges

Visualization And Characterization Of The Immunological Synapse Between Chlorotoxin Chimeric Antigen (Cltx-Car) Redirected T Cells And Targeted Glioblastoma Tumors, Arianna Livi

CMC Senior Theses

Chimeric Antigen Receptor T (CAR-T) cells have demonstrated anti-tumor activity against aggressive and invasive cancers such as glioblastoma (GBM); however, clinical response rates remain low in clinical trial studies. Tumor heterogeneity and tumor microenvironment conditions pose significant challenges for treatment of GBM, thus continuous optimization of CAR-T cell therapies and identification of novel, widely expressed, and highly specific GBM antigens are vital to better patient outcomes. A newly developed CAR-T cell construct incorporating chlorotoxin (CLTX) as the targeting domain exhibited broad GBM-targeting capabilities and elicited potent cytotoxic effects during preclinical studies and is currently being tested in a phase I …


The Role Of Herbal Medicines In Central American Indigenous Communities; Improving Accessibility To Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Treatment, Sarai Ortega 2023 Claremont Colleges

The Role Of Herbal Medicines In Central American Indigenous Communities; Improving Accessibility To Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Treatment, Sarai Ortega

CMC Senior Theses

Indigenous communities in Central America have used various plant medications to treat illnesses and diseases for centuries. Clinicians must consider improving traditional healthcare methods that are intrinsic to indigenous communities in order to increase access to effective treatments, particularly for diseases that these communities are more at risk for. This work aims to propose a method to identify whether traditional preparations of five plants (Anacardium occidentale L., Hamelia patens Jacq., Momordica charantia L, Neurolaena lobota L. R. Br. Ex Cass., and Tecoma stans L. juss. ex Kunth) can reduce blood glucose levels in rats with type two diabetes. Additionally, …


Pre–Post Intervention Exploring Cognitive Function And Relationships With Weight Loss, Intervention Adherence And Dropout, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Laura E. Martin, Cary R. Savage, Richard A. Washburn, Joseph E. Donnelley 2023 The University of Kansas Medical Center

Pre–Post Intervention Exploring Cognitive Function And Relationships With Weight Loss, Intervention Adherence And Dropout, Amanda N. Szabo-Reed, Laura E. Martin, Cary R. Savage, Richard A. Washburn, Joseph E. Donnelley

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

Objective: To evaluate the association between baseline cognitive function, intervention dropout, adherence and 3-month weight loss (WL) when controlling for confounding demographic variables.

Methods: 107 (Mage = 40.9 yrs.), BMI in the overweight and obese range (BMI = 35.6 kg/m2), men (N = 17) and women (N = 90) completed a 3-month WL intervention. Participants attended weekly behavioral sessions, comply with a reduced calorie diet, and complete 100 min of physical activity (PA)/wk. Cognitive function tasks at baseline included Flanker (attention), Stroop (executive control) and working memory, demographics, body weight and cardiovascular fitness were assessed at baseline. Session attendance, adherence …


Higher Sexual Excitation Is Associated With An Increase In Sex-Linked Substance Use In Women With A History Of Unwanted Sexual Contact, Harper R. Jones, Tierney K. Lorenz 2023 University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Higher Sexual Excitation Is Associated With An Increase In Sex-Linked Substance Use In Women With A History Of Unwanted Sexual Contact, Harper R. Jones, Tierney K. Lorenz

Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior: Papers & Publications

Survivors of unwanted sexual contact have an increased likelihood of using substances in sexual situations, which puts them at heightened risk for intoxication-related harms. Separately, research has indicated that women may intentionally use substances in sexual situations to either enhance pleasure (i.e., increase sexual excitation) and/or reduce sexual anxiety or shame (i.e., reduce sexual inhibition), a phenomenon termed sex-linked substance use (SLSU). A predominant assumption in the literature is that women with unwanted sex histories are more likely to disengage during sex, suggesting greater inhibition-related SLSU; however, there is little prior research directly examining if women who have unwanted sex …


Boron Toxicity Induces Sulfate Transporters At Transcriptional Level In Arabidopsis Thaliana, CEYHUN KAYIHAN, EMRE AKSOY, SU NAZ MUTLU 2023 TÜBİTAK

Boron Toxicity Induces Sulfate Transporters At Transcriptional Level In Arabidopsis Thaliana, Ceyhun Kayihan, Emre Aksoy, Su Naz Mutlu

Turkish Journal of Botany

Plants activate glutathione (GSH)-dependent detoxification pathways at biochemical and molecular levels under boron (B) toxicity. Sulfate uptake and transport are necessary for GSH biosynthesis in plants. Therefore, the transcriptional regulation of some sulfate transporters was determined in this study to clarify the importance of these transporters in leaf and root tissues of Arabidopsis thaliana under toxic B conditions. The expression level of SULTR1;3 was dramatically increased in leaf and root tissues under moderate and severe toxic B conditions, suggesting source-to-sink sulfate translocation under B toxicity. Stable expression levels of SULTR2;1, SULTR2;2, and low SULTR3;5 expression might restrict the sulfate movement …


Sorghum Wrky Transcription Factor Sbwrky45 Enhanced Seed Germination Under Drought Stress In Transgenic Arabidopsis, ELAMIN BAILLO, Muhammad Sajid Hanif, Ping Xu, Zhengbin Zhang 2023 TÜBİTAK

Sorghum Wrky Transcription Factor Sbwrky45 Enhanced Seed Germination Under Drought Stress In Transgenic Arabidopsis, Elamin Baillo, Muhammad Sajid Hanif, Ping Xu, Zhengbin Zhang

Turkish Journal of Botany

The WRKY transcription factors (TFs) family is an important family of plant-specific TFs, playing vital roles in various abiotic and biotic stress responses. WRKY TFs are gaining considerable attention due to their significant roles in stress responses. However, their functions in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) are lagging behind. In this study, a WRKY gene designated as SbWRKY45 was isolated and characterized from sorghum. SbWRKY45, belonging to Group IIa, consists of one intron and two exons and encodes 430 amino acids. SbWRKY45 is located in chromosome 4. The cis-element prediction analysis showed that the promoter region of SbWRKY45 has several abiotic …


Ecological Quality Status Of The Turkish Coastal Waters By Using A Marine Macrophytic Biotic Index (Eei-C), ERGÜN TAŞKIN, İBRAHİM TAN, MURAT ÇAKIR, ÖZGE SUNGUR, ORKİDE MİNARECİ, ERSİN MİNARECİ, HAKAN ATABAY 2023 TÜBİTAK

Ecological Quality Status Of The Turkish Coastal Waters By Using A Marine Macrophytic Biotic Index (Eei-C), Ergün Taşkin, İbrahi̇m Tan, Murat Çakir, Özge Sungur, Orki̇de Mi̇nareci̇, Ersi̇n Mi̇nareci̇, Hakan Atabay

Turkish Journal of Botany

The present study includes the results of the second benthic macrophytes? monitoring period of a survey of ecological status from the Turkish coasts. The biotic index Ecological Evaluation Index (EEI-c) was used to assess the ecological status classes (ESC) and MA-LUSI the anthropogenic pressures. Sampling was made by the quadrat (20 × 20 cm) method, and the samples were collected from 93 sites in Turkish coastal waters between 2017 and 2019. In total, 240 taxa were found in the Turkish marine waters. Forty sites were classified into High ESC, 24 sites into Good, 12 sites into Moderate, 13 sites into …


Wood And Leaf Remains Of Palms With Affinities To Sabal Adans., From The Middle Eocene Of Turkey, ÜNAL AKKEMİK, STANILA IAMANDEI, EUGINIA IAMANDEI, FİKRET KOÇBULUT, HÜSEYİN TUNCAY GÜNER, HAKAN ÇELİK, UMUT TUNÇ 2023 TÜBİTAK

Wood And Leaf Remains Of Palms With Affinities To Sabal Adans., From The Middle Eocene Of Turkey, Ünal Akkemi̇k, Stanila Iamandei, Euginia Iamandei, Fi̇kret Koçbulut, Hüseyi̇n Tuncay Güner, Hakan Çeli̇k, Umut Tunç

Turkish Journal of Botany

Two new fossil species based on the study of wood remains and leaf imprints from the middle Eocene Çekerek Formation (central-northern part of Turkey) are assigned to the palm family Arecaceae. Standard thin sections from the two samples of fossil wood were investigated and identified as Palmoxylon sabaloides Greguss 1969, with close xylotomical affinities to the modern genus Sabal Adans. The leaf imprints are weakly costapalmate and correspond to the genus Sabal as well. Based on the short petiole extension (costa), the leaves resemble the fossil-species Sabal lamanonis (Brongn.) Heer, 1855. This fossil-species was abundant in Paleogene strata of western …


A New Annual Satureja (Lamiaceae) Species From Turkey With Molecular Evidence, And Lectotypification Of Two Species, HAYRİ DUMAN, TUNCAY DİRMENCİ, TANER ÖZCAN 2023 TÜBİTAK

A New Annual Satureja (Lamiaceae) Species From Turkey With Molecular Evidence, And Lectotypification Of Two Species, Hayri̇ Duman, Tuncay Di̇rmenci̇, Taner Özcan

Turkish Journal of Botany

A new species, Satureja hasturkii, is described using morphological characters and molecular studies in this study. The new species is closely related to S. hortensis but differs from it by very lax thyrsoid inflorescence, longer pedicels, shorter calyx, upper and lower calyx teeth, and corolla. In order to support the morphological data, molecular studies are also done using nrITS and cptrnL-F gene regions. nrITS data gives better results in phylogenetic analysis. It is pointed out that the closest relatives of S. hasturkii are S. hortensis and S. laxiflora. The fact that having annual life forms of …


Seed Morphology Of Some Plantago (Plantaginaceae) Species In Iran And Its Systematic And Phylogenetic Implications, Saeed MOHSENZADEH, MASOUD SHEIDAI, FAHIMEH KOOHDAR 2023 TÜBİTAK

Seed Morphology Of Some Plantago (Plantaginaceae) Species In Iran And Its Systematic And Phylogenetic Implications, Saeed Mohsenzadeh, Masoud Sheidai, Fahimeh Koohdar

Turkish Journal of Botany

Plantago is a cosmopolitan genus with approximately 200 species and various infrageneric classifications have been reported. In this study, the seed morphologies of 19 species of Plantago from Iran were studied and documented in detail using scanning electron microscopy and light microscopy. The studied species were grouped by using statistical analyses such as a minimum spherical cluster method based on Euclidean distance, principal coordinate analysis, and multidimentional scaling. We have described four types based on the seed shape and states of the inner side of the studied seeds: convex- angular type, convex-elliptic type, flat-elliptic type, and concave-elliptic type. In this …


The Most Environmentally Sustainable Diet For Adolescents In Terms Of Land Use, Food Waste, And Greenhouse Gas Emissions., lina tarek 2023 American University in Cairo

The Most Environmentally Sustainable Diet For Adolescents In Terms Of Land Use, Food Waste, And Greenhouse Gas Emissions., Lina Tarek

Papers, Posters, and Presentations

The current food system is directly responsible for much environmental damage including severe climate change, biodiversity loss, and land scarcity. This research aims to find some strategies to mitigate these damages through diet by specifically targeting adolescents because they are potential problem-solvers. This period is also when personality and habits are articulated. By focusing on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, land use, and food waste, a more environmentally sustainable diet can be formulated. The key findings of the research can be summarized by reducing ultra-processed foods, choosing sustainably produced food, generally reducing meat consumption from the current rate, substituting red and …


Evaluation Of Micro-Dwarf Tomato Cultivars For Controlled Environment Research, Noah Langenfeld, Bruce Bugbee 2023 Utah State University

Evaluation Of Micro-Dwarf Tomato Cultivars For Controlled Environment Research, Noah Langenfeld, Bruce Bugbee

Dwarf Crops

Controlled environment research on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is often hindered by large plant size. Desired cultivar traits for research include a compact plant size, fast flowering time, and good fruit set. We grew eight micro-dwarf tomato cultivars to examine their suitability as model plants for research. The cultivar ‘Rejina Red’ had the highest harvest index and most ripe fruits among the red-fruited cultivars; ‘Jochalos’ had the highest harvest index and most ripe fruits among the yellow-fruited cultivars. ‘Microtina’ had a higher harvest index than ‘Rosy Finch’, but fruits were smaller, and growth was less determinate. ‘Monetka’ had a …


Neural Systems Underlying Rdoc Social Constructs: An Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis, Rosario Pintos Lobo, Katherine L. Bottenhorn, Michael C. Riedel, Afra I. Toma, Megan M. Hare, Donisha D. Smith, Alexandra C. Moor, Isis K. Cowan, Javier A. Valdes, Jessica E. Bartley, Taylor Salo, Emily R. Boeving, Brianna Pankey, Matthew T. Sutherland, Erica D. Musser, Angela R. Laird 2023 Old Dominion University

Neural Systems Underlying Rdoc Social Constructs: An Activation Likelihood Estimation Meta-Analysis, Rosario Pintos Lobo, Katherine L. Bottenhorn, Michael C. Riedel, Afra I. Toma, Megan M. Hare, Donisha D. Smith, Alexandra C. Moor, Isis K. Cowan, Javier A. Valdes, Jessica E. Bartley, Taylor Salo, Emily R. Boeving, Brianna Pankey, Matthew T. Sutherland, Erica D. Musser, Angela R. Laird

Psychology Faculty Publications

Neuroscientists have sought to identify the underlying neural systems supporting social processing that allow interaction and communication, forming social relationships, and navigating the social world. Through the use of NIMH’s Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) framework, we evaluated consensus among studies that examined brain activity during social tasks to elucidate regions comprising the “social brain”. We examined convergence across tasks corresponding to the four RDoC social constructs, including Affiliation and Attachment, Social Communication, Perception and Understanding of Self, and Perception and Understanding of Others. We performed a series of coordinate-based meta-analyses using the activation likelihood estimate (ALE) method. Meta-analysis was performed …


Ecological Factors Influencing The Breeding Performance Of Great Tits (Parus Major) In Artificial Nest Boxes, DONG-HO LEE, JAE-KANG LEE, TAE-KYUNG EOM, HO-KYOUNG BAE, HYEONGYU KO, SHIN-JAE RHIM 2023 TÜBİTAK

Ecological Factors Influencing The Breeding Performance Of Great Tits (Parus Major) In Artificial Nest Boxes, Dong-Ho Lee, Jae-Kang Lee, Tae-Kyung Eom, Ho-Kyoung Bae, Hyeongyu Ko, Shin-Jae Rhim

Turkish Journal of Zoology

Installing an artificial nest box has a positive effect on the cavity nesters such as great tit (Parus major). Beyond the process of installing an artificial nest box, a study on the effect of ecological factors on breeding performance is necessary. This study was conducted to evaluate the ecological factors influencing breeding performance of great tits (Parus major) in artificial nest boxes in temperate mixed forests. In this study, the first egg-laying date and percentage of shrub were closely related among ecological factors. Variable influencing clutch size was date of first egg-laying date. Percentage of shrub …


The Red-Footed Falcon Falco Vespertinus Population In The Danube Delta And Its Habitat Selection For Breeding, LUCIAN-EUGEN BOLBOACA, ALEXANDRU-CATALIN DOROSENCU, MIHAI MARINOV, MARTA PERAITA, MAXYM YAKOVLIEV, VASILE ALEXE 2023 TÜBİTAK

The Red-Footed Falcon Falco Vespertinus Population In The Danube Delta And Its Habitat Selection For Breeding, Lucian-Eugen Bolboaca, Alexandru-Catalin Dorosencu, Mihai Marinov, Marta Peraita, Maxym Yakovliev, Vasile Alexe

Turkish Journal of Zoology

The Danube Delta is an atypical and complex ecosystem on the border of the slowly shrinking breeding distribution of Falco vespertinus. In this paper, we study the population that breeds in this area and intend to understand its relationship with the environment in these circumstances. We registered 231 breeding pairs (bp), with a local density of 0.034 bp/km$^{2}$. We made a Nearest Neighbour Analysis which confirmed the natural condition of the facultative colonial nesting character of this species. In addition, in order to study its habitat preferences for nesting we did a binary logistic regression model and complemented its …


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