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Effect Of Her2 Expression On Nupl2 Protein In Cervical Cancer Cells, Mary E. Eichholz, Margaret J. Ballou, Tristan J. Haight, Jennifer L. Minton, Ryan N. Oates, Jacob J. Adler 2021 Brescia University

Effect Of Her2 Expression On Nupl2 Protein In Cervical Cancer Cells, Mary E. Eichholz, Margaret J. Ballou, Tristan J. Haight, Jennifer L. Minton, Ryan N. Oates, Jacob J. Adler

Kentucky Journal of Undergraduate Scholarship

Recurring cervical cancer patients frequently present overexpressed Human Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor 2 (HER2) protein, which promotes the growth of the cancer. Some HER2-expressing cells and cervical cancer patients have enhanced gene expression of Nucleoporin-like 2 (NUPL2). As part of the nuclear pore complex, the NUPL2 protein serves to selectively export substances from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. In this experiment, HER2 was expressed in cervical cancer cells to examine its effect on NUPL2 protein expression and localization. Interestingly, there was no difference in NUPL2 protein levels between HER2-expressing and non-expressing cells. Importantly, consistent instances of NUPL2 protein localization specific ...


Identifying The Cell Composition And Clonal Diversity Of Supratentorial Ependymoma Using Single Cell Rna-Sequencing, James He 2021 University of Connecticut

Identifying The Cell Composition And Clonal Diversity Of Supratentorial Ependymoma Using Single Cell Rna-Sequencing, James He

Honors Scholar Theses

Ependymoma is a primary solid tumor of the central nervous system. Supratentorial ependymoma (ST-EPN), a subtype of ependymomas, is driven by an oncogenic fusion between the ZFTA and RELA genes in 70% of cases. We introduced this fusion into neural progenitor cells of mice embryos via in utero electroporation of a non-viral binary piggyBac transposon system containing ZFTA-RELA. From preliminary data in the LoTurco lab, inducing the expression of ZFTA-RELA into different neural progenitor cells produces tumors of varying lethality and cellular composition. To define the cellular composition and subclonal diversity of ST-EPN tumors, we used single cell RNA-sequencing to ...


Identifying The Cell Composition And Clonal Diversity Of Supratentorial Ependymoma Using Single Cell Rna-Sequencing, James He 2021 University of Connecticut

Identifying The Cell Composition And Clonal Diversity Of Supratentorial Ependymoma Using Single Cell Rna-Sequencing, James He

University Scholar Projects

Ependymoma is a primary solid tumor of the central nervous system. Supratentorial ependymoma (ST-EPN), a subtype of ependymomas, is driven by an oncogenic fusion between the ZFTA and RELA genes in 70% of cases. We introduced this fusion into neural progenitor cells of mice embryos via in utero electroporation of a non-viral binary piggyBac transposon system containing ZFTA-RELA. From preliminary data in the LoTurco lab, inducing the expression of ZFTA-RELA into different neural progenitor cells produces tumors of varying lethality and cellular composition. To define the cellular composition and subclonal diversity of ST-EPN tumors, we used single cell RNA-sequencing to ...


Novel Hsp40/J-Domain Protein Inhibitors To Deplete Misfolded Mutant P53, Shigeto Nishikawa 2021 Department of Hematology & Oncology, Children’s Mercy Research Institute, MO

Novel Hsp40/J-Domain Protein Inhibitors To Deplete Misfolded Mutant P53, Shigeto Nishikawa

Research Days

Background: Accumulation of oncogenic mutant p53 (mutp53) greatly contributes to cancer progression. Heat shock protein 40 (HSP40), also known as J-domain proteins (JDPs), has been implicated in stabilization of misfolded forms of mutp53. Specifically, we demonstrate that DNAJA1, a member of HSP40/JDPs, binds to and stabilizes misfolded mutp53, while knockdown of DNAJA1 results in CHIP ubiquitin ligase-mediated degradation of misfolded mutp53 and inhibition of tumor growth. Since no HSP40/JDPs inhibitors are currently available in clinics, these findings prompted us to identify inhibitors for DNAJA1 or HSP40/JDPs.

Objectives/Goal: The goal of this study is to identify and ...


Purification Of Pcbp2 And Its Effect On The Formation Of Dna I-Motifs And Secondary Structures, Nathan Redden 2021 University of Mississippi

Purification Of Pcbp2 And Its Effect On The Formation Of Dna I-Motifs And Secondary Structures, Nathan Redden

Honors Theses

Several secondary, non-B forms of DNA are associated with the promoter regions of many oncogenes, including the intensely studied c-MYC gene that codes for a transcription factor. Two such secondary structures, G-quadruplexes, and i-motifs, have become topics of interest due to their prevalence within oncogenic promoters, as well as their potential accessibility for drug targeting. B-form DNA can adopt alternative structures under certain conditions. These alternative structures are favored when there is an asymmetric distribution of guanosine and cytosine on complimentary DNA strands. The strand rich in guanosine is able to form a quadruple stranded DNA complex termed a G-quadruplex ...


Effects Of Heme Oxygenase 1 Inducer, T-Bhq On Growth Of Multiple Myeloma Cell Lines, And On Osteoblast And Osteoclast Differention, Alyaa Alansari 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

Effects Of Heme Oxygenase 1 Inducer, T-Bhq On Growth Of Multiple Myeloma Cell Lines, And On Osteoblast And Osteoclast Differention, Alyaa Alansari

Theses and Dissertations

Expansion of plasma cells within the bone marrow constitutes the onset of multiple myeloma (MM). This disease manifests clinically primarily through the formation of osteolytic bone lesions that can lead to osteoporosis. The reason for the development of such lesions is the disruption of the equilibrium between bone resorption and bone formation as a result of proliferation of osteoclasts and reduction in the number of osteoblasts in the process of differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). The maintenance of bone architecture is critically dependent on osteoblasts and osteoclasts, the activity of which is underpinned by a range of soluble factors ...


Determining The Effect Of A Cbc-Based Oxime On Cell Viability And Apoptosis In Sea Urchin Embryos, Nevin B. Hoenninger, Jack Preston 2021 Susquehanna University

Determining The Effect Of A Cbc-Based Oxime On Cell Viability And Apoptosis In Sea Urchin Embryos, Nevin B. Hoenninger, Jack Preston

Senior Scholars Day

Natural products are an important source of existing and potential new anti-cancer drugs. We have previously shown that cannabichromene (CBC) oxime and several CBC oxime esters have potent anti-mitotic activity when used in bioassays with sea urchin embryos. In this study we explored the effect of the CBC oxime on cell viability and apoptosis in sea urchin embryos. Newly fertilized or gastrula stage embryos were combined with 10µM or 50uM CBC oxime as well as a DMSO only control. At various timepoints, samples of the embryos were removed from the cultures and stained with three different fluorescent dyes. NucBlue (ThermoFisher ...


022— Examining P27 Expression And Quiescence In Clobetasol-Exposed Umscv-4 Vulvar Cancer Cells, Nina Mustico, Vincent Scalcione, Jani E. Lewis 2021 SUNY Geneseo

022— Examining P27 Expression And Quiescence In Clobetasol-Exposed Umscv-4 Vulvar Cancer Cells, Nina Mustico, Vincent Scalcione, Jani E. Lewis

GREAT Day

Vulvar cancer is rare, mostly afflicting women aged 60 and older [1]. The cancer is often preceded by a common vulvar rash, lichen sclerosus, that is usually treated with the ultra-potent corticosteroid, clobetasol propionate. This treatment may, in turn, be associated with vulvar carcinogenesis. Our previous findings suggest that clobetasol is causing UMSCV-4 vulvar carcinoma cells to enter a state of quiescence. Quiescence is temporary removal from the cell cycle and can be thought of as a dormant state in which cells are not actively dividing [2]. There is growing evidence suggesting that quiescence may play a role in allowing ...


The Effects Of A Survivorship Care Plan On Hospital Readmission Rates In Allogenic Stem Cell Transplant Patients, Chantaney Williams 2021 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville

The Effects Of A Survivorship Care Plan On Hospital Readmission Rates In Allogenic Stem Cell Transplant Patients, Chantaney Williams

The Eleanor Mann School of Nursing Student Works

Stem cell transplants (SCTs) are complicated treatments utilized to treat hematologic malignancies and other disorders, such as multiple myeloma, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, acute myeloid leukemia, neuroblastomas, germ cell tumors, amyloidosis, and autoimmune disorders such as systemic lupus erythematosus and systemic sclerosis. The complex care of patients undergoing SCTs place them at high risk for adverse outcomes, including infection, cytomegalovirus, graft vs host disease, secondary new cancers, infertility, and sexual dysfunction (American Cancer Society, 2020). Survivorship care plans (SCPs) are a vital part of the discharge process to educate allogenic SCT patients about post-transplantation care. SCPs are implemented ...


Role Of Ampk And Akt In Triple Negative Breast Cancer Lung Colonization, Jeremy Johnson, Zeta Chow, Eun Young Lee, Heidi L. Weiss, B. Mark Evers, Piotr G. Rychahou 2021 University of Kentucky

Role Of Ampk And Akt In Triple Negative Breast Cancer Lung Colonization, Jeremy Johnson, Zeta Chow, Eun Young Lee, Heidi L. Weiss, B. Mark Evers, Piotr G. Rychahou

Pathology and Laboratory Medicine Faculty Publications

Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive disease with a 5-y relative survival rate of 11% after distant metastasis. To survive the metastatic cascade, tumor cells remodel their signaling pathways by regulating energy production and upregulating survival pathways. AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and Akt regulate energy homeostasis and survival, however, the individual or synergistic role of AMPK and Akt isoforms during lung colonization by TNBC cells is unknown. The purpose of this study was to establish whether targeting Akt, AMPKα or both Akt and AMPKα isoforms in circulating cancer cells can suppress TNBC lung colonization. Transient silencing of Akt1 ...


Toxic Effect Of Crotalus Adamanteus Acidic Phospholipase A2 On Mcf-7 Cell Line, Daniel J. Petra 2021 University of South Dakota

Toxic Effect Of Crotalus Adamanteus Acidic Phospholipase A2 On Mcf-7 Cell Line, Daniel J. Petra

Honors Thesis

We are investigating the effect of Crotalus adamanteus acidic phospholipase A2 on MCF-7 cells using the MTS assay. Understanding these interactions and isolated effects is critical to developing new ways to treat envenomation. By understanding the effects of individual toxins within a whole venom, we are set to better understand the effects of the whole venom and investigate synergistic actions between venom toxins. In this paper, we are quantifying the amount of MCF-7 cell death caused by Crotalus adamanteus phospholipase A2 on MCF-7 using the MTS assay. Analysis of the amount of cells death caused by the phospholipase ...


Redefining Cancer Of Unknown Primary: Is Precision Medicine Really Shifting The Paradigm?, Timothée Olivier, Eugenio Fernandez, Intidhar Labidi-Galy, Pierre-Yves Dietrich, Veronica Rodriguez-Bravo, Giulia Baciarello, Karim Fizazi, Anna Patrikidou 2021 Geneva University Hospital

Redefining Cancer Of Unknown Primary: Is Precision Medicine Really Shifting The Paradigm?, Timothée Olivier, Eugenio Fernandez, Intidhar Labidi-Galy, Pierre-Yves Dietrich, Veronica Rodriguez-Bravo, Giulia Baciarello, Karim Fizazi, Anna Patrikidou

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

The concept of Cancer of Unknown Primary (CUP) has evolved with the advent of medical oncology. CUP can be difficult to diagnose and represents 2 to 5% of new cancers, therefore not exceptionally rare. Within CUPs can be identified a subset of favourable prognosis tumours, however the vast majority of CUP patients belongs to a poor prognosis group. CUP features significant oncological challenges, such as unravelling biological and transversal issues, and most importantly, improving patient's outcomes. In that regard, CUP patients’ outcomes regrettably showed minimal improvement for decades and CUP remains a cancer group of very poor prognosis. The ...


The Ssdna Theory Of Brcaness And Genotoxic Agents, Nicholas J. Panzarino 2021 University of Massachusetts Medical School

The Ssdna Theory Of Brcaness And Genotoxic Agents, Nicholas J. Panzarino

GSBS Dissertations and Theses

Cancers that are deficient in BRCA1 or BRCA2 are thought to be hypersensitive to genotoxic agents because they cannot prevent or repair DNA double strand breaks, but observations in patients suggest this dogma may no longer agree with experiment. Here, we propose that single stranded DNA underlies the hypersensitivity of BRCA deficient cancers, and that defects in double strand break repair and prevention do not. Specifically, in BRCA deficient cells, ssDNA gaps developed because replication was not effectively restrained in response to stress. In addition, we observed gaps could be suppressed by either restored fork restraint or by gap filling ...


Ex Vivo High Salt Activated Tumor-Primed Cd4+T Lymphocytes Exert A Potent Anti-Cancer Response, Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi, Michael Ivy, Elbert L. Myles, Roy Zent, Jeffrey C. Rathmell, Jens M. Titze 2021 Tennessee State University

Ex Vivo High Salt Activated Tumor-Primed Cd4+T Lymphocytes Exert A Potent Anti-Cancer Response, Venkataswarup Tiriveedhi, Michael Ivy, Elbert L. Myles, Roy Zent, Jeffrey C. Rathmell, Jens M. Titze

Biology Faculty Research

Cell based immunotherapy is rapidly emerging as a promising cancer treatment. A modest increase in salt (sodium chloride) concentration in immune cell cultures is known to induce inflammatory phenotypic differentiation. In our current study, we analyzed the ability of salt treatment to induce ex vivo expansion of tumor-primed CD4 (cluster of differentiation 4)+T cells to an effector phenotype. CD4+T cells were isolated using immunomagnetic beads from draining lymph nodes and spleens from tumor bearing C57Bl/6 mice, 28 days post-injection of Py230 syngeneic breast cancer cells. CD4+T cells from non-tumor bearing mice were isolated from splenocytes of ...


Influence Of Monovalent And Divalent Ions In The Conformational Change Of Caspase-Cleaved Par-4 (Cl-Par-4) Tumor Suppressor Protein, Krishna K. Raut, Komala Ponniah, Steven M. Pascal 2021 Old Dominion University

Influence Of Monovalent And Divalent Ions In The Conformational Change Of Caspase-Cleaved Par-4 (Cl-Par-4) Tumor Suppressor Protein, Krishna K. Raut, Komala Ponniah, Steven M. Pascal

College of Sciences Posters

Prostate apoptosis response-4 (Par-4) is a pro-apoptotic tumor suppressor protein. We have shown that this 38 kDa full-length Par-4 (Fl-Par-4) protein is predominantly intrinsically disordered in vitro. In vivo, Par-4 is cleaved by caspase-3 at Asp-131 to generate a 24 kDa functionally active cleaved Par-4 (cl-Par-4) fragment. The cl-Par-4 protein inhibits the NF-κB-mediated cell survival pathway and causes selective apoptosis in various tumor cells. Our laboratory is interested in how the disorder-order balance within Fl-Par-4 and cl-Par-4 may be related to the balance between cell survival and cell death. Currently, we are using biophysical techniques such as circular dichroism ...


A Mathematical Model Of Pancreatic Cancer Growth And Response To Treatment, Allison Cruikshank 2021 University of Nebraska - Lincoln

A Mathematical Model Of Pancreatic Cancer Growth And Response To Treatment, Allison Cruikshank

Honors Theses, University of Nebraska-Lincoln

Pancreatic cancer is one of the leading causes of death due to cancer in the United States. Analyzing the effects of radiation is extremely valuable in determining when a patient is allowed surgical resection, which is, presently, the only potentially curative treatment for pancreatic cancer. This study examines pancreatic tumor growth and shrinkage to predict tumor response and change of resectability for pancreatic cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy. This is done using ordinary differential equations as a mathematical model. Mathematical models have increasingly been applied to various biological systems/processes to analyze the principles involved. In our project, a population ...


A Qualitative Review On Mammography Interventions Among Asian American Women, Sayeda Tazim Zaidi, Raisa Kabir, Chia-Liang Dai 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

A Qualitative Review On Mammography Interventions Among Asian American Women, Sayeda Tazim Zaidi, Raisa Kabir, Chia-Liang Dai

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters

Breast cancer (BC) is a leading type of malignancy and the second most common cause of cancer-related death among women around the world. The occurrence of BC has been increasing in Asian American (AA) women. Early detection through mammography is an effective means to reduce mortality associated with BC. However, there is a paucity of data and interventions regarding mammography promotion interventions among AA women. The purpose of this study was to evaluate current interventions for promoting mammography among AA women and suggest recommendations for designing successful interventions. A review for peer-reviewed journal articles in PubMed Central, MEDLINE, CINAHL, ERIC ...


Identifying Determinants Of Breast Cancer Screening Through Mammography Among Asian American Women, Sayeda Tazim Zaidi, Raisa Kabir, Chia-Liang Dai 2021 University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Identifying Determinants Of Breast Cancer Screening Through Mammography Among Asian American Women, Sayeda Tazim Zaidi, Raisa Kabir, Chia-Liang Dai

Undergraduate Research Symposium Posters

Breast cancer is the most common malignancy affecting women around the world. In the US, approximately 1 in 8 women will develop breast cancer over the course of their lifetime. There is a growing incidence of breast cancer among Asian American (AA) women. Breast cancer screening by mammography is the most effective early detection method to reduce mortality but AA women have the lowest utilization rates. This study aims to identify the determinants affecting mammography among AA women. A literature search in PubMed Central, MEDLINE, and CINAHL was undertaken to include all peer-reviewed studies published within the past 20 years ...


Association Of Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity With Bone Mass And Osteoporosis Risk In Korean Women: Analysis Of The Korea National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011, Donghyun Kim, Anna Han, Yongsoon Park 2021 Hanyang University

Association Of Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity With Bone Mass And Osteoporosis Risk In Korean Women: Analysis Of The Korea National Health And Nutrition Examination Survey 2008-2011, Donghyun Kim, Anna Han, Yongsoon Park

Department of Cancer Biology Faculty Papers

Antioxidant intake has been suggested to be associated with a reduced osteoporosis risk, but the effect of dietary total antioxidant capacity (TAC) on bone health and the risk of osteoporosis remains unclear. We aimed to assess the hypothesis that dietary TAC is positively associated with bone mass and negatively related to the risk of osteoporosis in Korean women. This cross-sectional study was performed using data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Dietary TAC was estimated using task automation and an algorithm with 24-h recall data. In total, 8230 pre-and postmenopausal women were divided into four groups according ...


Synthesis Of Novel Temozolomide-Fatty Acid Imide Hybrid Compounds For The Chemotherapeutic Treatment Of Glioblastoma Multiforme, Janice Pakkianathan 2021 Andrews University

Synthesis Of Novel Temozolomide-Fatty Acid Imide Hybrid Compounds For The Chemotherapeutic Treatment Of Glioblastoma Multiforme, Janice Pakkianathan

Honors Scholars & Undergraduate Research Poster Symposium Programs

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive form of brain cancer that originates from glial cells, which make up the supportive tissue surrounding neurons. Temozolomide (TMZ) is the current chemotherapeutic drug administered to treat GBM as it works to inhibit the growth of the cancer cells. This research study focuses on developing a method for synthesizing novel hybrid compounds that combines TMZ with various fatty acids known to have anticancer properties, forming a series of imide compounds with potential chemotherapeutic effects. Once the novel hybrid compounds are successfully synthesized, they will be tested for their anticancer properties on glioblastoma cells.


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