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33,485 full-text articles. Page 7 of 1151.

Weather And Climate Change Drive Annual Variation Of Reproduction By An Aerial Insectivore, Michael T. Murphy, Lucas J. Redmond, Amy C. Dolan, Nathan W. Cooper, Karen Shepherdson, Christopher Michael Chutter, Sarah Cancellieri 2022 Portland State University

Weather And Climate Change Drive Annual Variation Of Reproduction By An Aerial Insectivore, Michael T. Murphy, Lucas J. Redmond, Amy C. Dolan, Nathan W. Cooper, Karen Shepherdson, Christopher Michael Chutter, Sarah Cancellieri

Biology Faculty Publications and Presentations

For many bird species, but especially aerial insectivores, reproduction depends on weather. Climate change is likely to intensify effects, but with uncertain consequences. We report 22 years of data on Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus) reproduction for two populations located in different hygric environments undergoing climate change; mesic central New York, USA, (NY; 12 years) and xeric southeastern Oregon, USA, (OR: 10 years). Laying date became earlier with increasing temperature in the 30-day period preceding laying in identical fashion at both sites, and in years of early laying, clutch size was larger, length of laying season increased, and failed …


Removal Of Heavy Metals From Stormwater Runoff Using Granulated Drinking Water Treatment Residuals, Viravid Na Nagara, Dibyendu Sarkar, Evert J. Elzinga, Rupali Datta 2022 Stevens Institute of Technology

Removal Of Heavy Metals From Stormwater Runoff Using Granulated Drinking Water Treatment Residuals, Viravid Na Nagara, Dibyendu Sarkar, Evert J. Elzinga, Rupali Datta

Michigan Tech Publications

Stormwater runoff is a significant source of heavy metals, including cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), and nickel (Ni), which pose ecological and human health problems. Various filter media have been evaluated for heavy metal removal from stormwater via adsorption, most involving chemical- or energy-intensive processes. Aluminum-based drinking water treatment residuals (WTR), a non-hazardous byproduct of drinking water treatment, are an inexpensive sorbent for heavy metals. However, the low permeability of WTR is a problem and requires mixing with sand and carbon materials to improve flow; but such amendments also reduce its sorption capacity. To overcome this problem, a granulated WTR sorbent …


Heterodimerization Between Chemokine Receptors Cxcr4 And Ccr7 And Its Role In Cancer, Maryam Naveed Muhammad Tariq 2022 United Arab Emirates University

Heterodimerization Between Chemokine Receptors Cxcr4 And Ccr7 And Its Role In Cancer, Maryam Naveed Muhammad Tariq

Theses

In physiology, the functional and physical interactions between cell surface receptors for signal molecules such as hormones, neurotransmitters, and cytokines, provides an important mechanism of diversity and regulation of signal transduction. Therefore, investigating the functional interactions between these receptors is of great importance for understanding their role in physiology and pathophysiology with potential application in drug discovery. In this context, numerous evidences support the implication of two chemokine receptors, CXCR4 and CCR7, in many cancer types. In this study, we hypothesized that the functional, and perhaps the physical interaction, occurring between CXCR4 and CCR7 may constitute one of the key …


Maternal Effects On Growth Parameters Of Chloris Gayana Under Co2 Enrichment, Ahmed Adnan Mohammed Mashli 2022 United Arab Emirates University

Maternal Effects On Growth Parameters Of Chloris Gayana Under Co2 Enrichment, Ahmed Adnan Mohammed Mashli

Theses

Rhodes grass, Chloris gayana, is commonly used forage plant for grazers, livestock, and cattle. It significantly improves soil fertility and its overall structure by preventing nematode flourishment in soil. It is also used as a cover crop to upgrade soil health by reducing soil erosion and increasing water availability. The present study assessed the effects of CO2 on the growth, development and maternal effects of C. gayana. The experimental setup was made in such a way that the potential impacts of CO2 can be measured on the eco-physiological growth of C. gayana by studying successive generations. Generation 1 …


Comparison Of Protein Extraction Protocols And Allergen Mapping From Black Soldier Fly Hermetia Illucens, Utpal Bose, James A. Broadbent, Angéla Juhász, Shaymaviswanathan Karnaneedi, Elecia B. Johnston, Sally Stockwell, Keren Byrne, Vachiranee Limviphuvadh, Sebastian Maurer-Stroh, Andreas L. Lopata, Michelle L. Colgrave 2022 Edith Cowan University

Comparison Of Protein Extraction Protocols And Allergen Mapping From Black Soldier Fly Hermetia Illucens, Utpal Bose, James A. Broadbent, Angéla Juhász, Shaymaviswanathan Karnaneedi, Elecia B. Johnston, Sally Stockwell, Keren Byrne, Vachiranee Limviphuvadh, Sebastian Maurer-Stroh, Andreas L. Lopata, Michelle L. Colgrave

Research outputs 2022 to 2026

Exploration of important insect proteins — including allergens — and proteomes can be limited by protein extraction buffer selection and the complexity of the proteome. Herein, LC-MS/MS-based proteomics experiments were used to assess the protein extraction efficiencies for a suite of extraction buffers and the effect of ingredient processing on proteome and allergen detection. Discovery proteomics revealed that SDS-based buffer yields the maximum number of protein groups from three types of BSF samples. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that buffer composition and ingredient processing could influence allergen detection. Upon applying multi-level filtering criteria, 33 putative allergens were detected by comparing the detected …


Administration Of Broadly Neutralizing Anti-Hiv-1 Antibodies At Art Initiation Maintains Long-Term Cd8+ T Cell Immunity, Miriam Rosás-Umbert, Jesper D. Gunst, Marie H. Pahus, Rikke Olesen, Mariane H. Schleimann, Paul W. Denton, Victor Ramos, Adam R. Ward, Natalie N. Kinloch, Dennis C. Copertino, Tuixent Escribà, Anuska Llano, Zabrina L. Brumme, R. Brad Jones, Beatriz Mothe, Christian Brander, Julie Fox, Michel C. Nussenzweig, Sarah Fidler, Marina Caskey, Martin Tolstrup, Ole S. Søgaard 2022 University of Nebraska at Omaha

Administration Of Broadly Neutralizing Anti-Hiv-1 Antibodies At Art Initiation Maintains Long-Term Cd8+ T Cell Immunity, Miriam Rosás-Umbert, Jesper D. Gunst, Marie H. Pahus, Rikke Olesen, Mariane H. Schleimann, Paul W. Denton, Victor Ramos, Adam R. Ward, Natalie N. Kinloch, Dennis C. Copertino, Tuixent Escribà, Anuska Llano, Zabrina L. Brumme, R. Brad Jones, Beatriz Mothe, Christian Brander, Julie Fox, Michel C. Nussenzweig, Sarah Fidler, Marina Caskey, Martin Tolstrup, Ole S. Søgaard

Biology Faculty Publications

In simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV)-infected non-human primates, broadly neutralizing antibodies (bNAbs) against the virus appear to stimulate T cell immunity. To determine whether this phenomenon also occurs in humans we measured HIV-1-specific cellular immunity longitudinally in individuals with HIV-1 starting antiviral therapy (ART) with or without adjunctive bNAb 3BNC117 treatment. Using the activation-induced marker (AIM) assay and interferon-γ release, we observe that frequencies of Pol- and Gag-specific CD8+ T cells, as well as Gag-induced interferon-γ responses, are significantly higher among individuals that received adjunctive 3BNC117 compared to ART-alone at 3 and 12 months after starting ART. The observed changes in …


Comparison Of The Humoral Immune Response Following Both Bacterial Challenge And Rnai Of Major Factors On Proliferation Of Bartonella Quintana In The Human Louse, Jake Zina 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Comparison Of The Humoral Immune Response Following Both Bacterial Challenge And Rnai Of Major Factors On Proliferation Of Bartonella Quintana In The Human Louse, Jake Zina

Masters Theses

Human body lice, Pediculus humanus humanus, and head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis, have been hematophagous ectoparasites of humans for thousands of years. Despite being ecotypes, only body lice are known to transmit bacterial diseases to humans, and it appears that lower humoral and cellular immune responses allow body lice to possess a higher vector competence. We previously observed that the transcription level of the defensin 1 gene was up-regulated only in head lice following oral challenge of Bartonella quintana, a causative agent of trench fever, and also that body lice excreted more viable B. quintana in their …


Changes In Gene Expression From Long-Term Warming Revealed Using Metatranscriptome Mapping To Fac-Sorted Bacteria, Christopher A. Colvin 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Changes In Gene Expression From Long-Term Warming Revealed Using Metatranscriptome Mapping To Fac-Sorted Bacteria, Christopher A. Colvin

Masters Theses

Soil microbiomes play pivotal roles to the health of the environment by maintaining metabolic cycles. One question is how will climate change affect soil bacteria over time and what could the repercussions be. To answer these questions, the Harvard Forest Long-Term Warming Experiment was established to mimic predicted climate change by warming plots of land 5℃ above ambient conditions. In 2017, 14 soil core samples were collected from Barre Woods warming experiment to mark 15 years since the establishment of the soil warming in that location. These samples underwent traditional metatranscriptomics to generate an mRNA library as well as a …


Chemosensory Receptors In Berghia Stephanieae: Bioinformatics And Localization, Kelsi L. Watkins 2022 University of Massachusetts Amherst

Chemosensory Receptors In Berghia Stephanieae: Bioinformatics And Localization, Kelsi L. Watkins

Masters Theses

Chemosensation is achieved through the binding of chemical signals to chemoreceptor proteins embedded in the membranes of sensory neurons. The molecular identity of these receptors, as well as the downstream processing of chemosensory signals, has been well studied in arthropods and vertebrates. However, very little is known about molluscan chemosensation. The identity of chemoreceptor proteins in the nudibranch mollusc Berghia stephanieae are unknown. Data from other protostome and molluscan studies suggest Berghia may use ionotropic receptors for some forms of chemoreception. This study used a bioinformatics approach to identify potential chemosensory ionotropic receptors in the transcriptome of Berghia. A …


Root-Inhabiting And Rhizosphere Mycobiomes And Crop Yield Of Corn And Wheat, Marianna E. Wallace 2022 The University of Western Ontario

Root-Inhabiting And Rhizosphere Mycobiomes And Crop Yield Of Corn And Wheat, Marianna E. Wallace

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

The root mycobiome plays a direct role in plant productivity, and the study of its community composition allows for identification of organisms that influence plant health. To better understand the role of fungal community composition in crop productivity, the root-associated mycobiomes of historically high and low yield sites of corn and wheat planted in rotation were characterized and analyzed along with soil physicochemical variables and crop yield. In each field studied, root and rhizosphere mycobiomes reflected significant differences in fungal species composition. Several soil variables were found to be predictors of differences in composition of sample types including soil texture …


Utilizing Maternal Investment Strategies Of Sharks To Develop Management Tools To Aid In Shark Conservation, Dennis Deeken 2022 University of South Florida

Utilizing Maternal Investment Strategies Of Sharks To Develop Management Tools To Aid In Shark Conservation, Dennis Deeken

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Every generation, breeding females and males repopulate ecosystems with the next generation of offspring. Two models link maternal investments in offspring size and number to natural selection processes. In unstable resource environments, bet-hedging models predict a conservative tradeoff in maternal investments resulting in moderate egg size and clutch size within a given range of sizes for a given species. r/K selection models make predictions on maternal investments across species. In unstable resource environments, r-selected species invest in large broods of small offspring. In stable environments, K-selected species invest in small broods of large offspring. The maternal risk management model predicts …


Trick To The Treat Of Internships And Research: Health Literacy Project: Awareness Of Autism In Black And Brown Communities, Varun Kota, Mark Jaffe 2022 Nova Southeastern University

Trick To The Treat Of Internships And Research: Health Literacy Project: Awareness Of Autism In Black And Brown Communities, Varun Kota, Mark Jaffe

Trick to the Treat of Internships and Research

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Spirulina Major And Oscillatoria On Reducing The Acidity Of Freshwater Containing Antibacterial Liquid And Bar Soaps ., Kartik Valluri 2022 Spring Valley High School, Columbia, SC

The Effect Of Spirulina Major And Oscillatoria On Reducing The Acidity Of Freshwater Containing Antibacterial Liquid And Bar Soaps ., Kartik Valluri

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Rice Bran Oil As A Repellent For Aedes Aegypti Compared To Mineral Oil And Effective Natural Repellents, Aleena Chattha 2022 Spring Valley High School, Columbia, SC

The Effects Of Rice Bran Oil As A Repellent For Aedes Aegypti Compared To Mineral Oil And Effective Natural Repellents, Aleena Chattha

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


The Effectiveness Of Lithium Chloride In Eliciting A Taste Aversion Response In Blaptica Dubia, Ava Phelps 2022 Spring Valley High School, Columbia, SC

The Effectiveness Of Lithium Chloride In Eliciting A Taste Aversion Response In Blaptica Dubia, Ava Phelps

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


The Phytoremediation Of Escherichia Coli In Contaminated Water By Lemna Minor, Salvinia Minima, And Azolla Caroliniana, Madison Han 2022 Spring Valley High School, Columbia, SC

The Phytoremediation Of Escherichia Coli In Contaminated Water By Lemna Minor, Salvinia Minima, And Azolla Caroliniana, Madison Han

Journal of the South Carolina Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Interactions Between Juvenile Estuary-Dependent Fishes And Microalgal Dynamics, Ian C. Williams 2022 University of South Florida

Interactions Between Juvenile Estuary-Dependent Fishes And Microalgal Dynamics, Ian C. Williams

USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The ontogenetic movement of juvenile estuary-dependent fishes upstream in estuarine settings is a phenomenon observed around the world. These movements usually coincide with a shift in diet from smaller prey, such as calanoid copepods, to larger prey, such as mysids. However, the mechanism that drives this pattern has yet to be conclusively described. Prior to the current study, zooplankton/hyperbenthos (“zooplankton”), primary production, and water quality data were collected from the Caloosahatchee River estuary in two concurrent and coordinated studies over a two-year period. One of the products of these sampling efforts was a classification of primary-producer types at the sediment-water …


Global Education In Anatomy And Physiology During Covid-19: Lessons Learnt And Future Recommendations, Sean Mahajan, Sneh Patel, Santanu De 2022 Nova Southeastern University

Global Education In Anatomy And Physiology During Covid-19: Lessons Learnt And Future Recommendations, Sean Mahajan, Sneh Patel, Santanu De

Trick to the Treat of Internships and Research

The Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has disrupted several essential aspects of anatomy and physiology education worldwide. With this pandemic, dynamic instructional and technological interventions have been taking place rapidly in an effort to minimize the adverse repercussions of moving away from the traditional means of education in these critical scientific disciplines. COVID-19 has necessitated higher educational administrations, faculty, and students to pursue teaching, learning, and assessment of anatomy and physiology courses/curricula through innovative strategies without compromising on the quality or rigor of education. Our study encapsulates, for the first time, globally published reports on the key implications of …


Global Research In Anatomy And Physiology During Covid-19: Lessons Learnt And Future Recommendations, Harsh Chheda, Jeet Patel, Santanu De 2022 Nova Southeastern University

Global Research In Anatomy And Physiology During Covid-19: Lessons Learnt And Future Recommendations, Harsh Chheda, Jeet Patel, Santanu De

Trick to the Treat of Internships and Research

The ongoing Coronavirus Infectious Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has caused a significant disruption in several areas of research within the fields of Anatomy and Physiology. With the whole world coming to a standstill, research of any kind was difficult to pursue, especially in these disciplines requiring kinesthetic/tactile application of concepts or testing hypotheses through hands-on engagement, as the new social guidelines and risks to certain groups of people hindered up-to-date research-data collection. However, with new technology and protocols created or adopted, there has been an effort to better help students and scientists to conduct research remotely; such alternatives cannot effectively …


Trick To The Treat: Penn Medicine Princeton Health Hospital, Divya Papaiya 2022 Nova Southeastern University

Trick To The Treat: Penn Medicine Princeton Health Hospital, Divya Papaiya

Trick to the Treat of Internships and Research

No abstract provided.


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