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1,888 full-text articles. Page 39 of 41.

Phosphorous In Dairy Cattle Diets, Rhonda Miller, Allen Young, Jennifer Major, Lydia Trinca 2010 Utah State University Extension

Phosphorous In Dairy Cattle Diets, Rhonda Miller, Allen Young, Jennifer Major, Lydia Trinca

All Current Publications

No abstract provided.


Delivering Health And Wellness, Phillip S. Tong 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Delivering Health And Wellness, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


The Effect Of Claw Horn Disruption Lesions And Body Condition Score At Dry-Off On Survivability, Reproductive Performance, And Milk Production In The Subsequent Lactation, V. S. Machado, L. S. Caixeta, J. A. A. McArt, R. C. Bicalho 2010 Cornell University

The Effect Of Claw Horn Disruption Lesions And Body Condition Score At Dry-Off On Survivability, Reproductive Performance, And Milk Production In The Subsequent Lactation, V. S. Machado, L. S. Caixeta, J. A. A. Mcart, R. C. Bicalho

Farm Animal Welfare Collection

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of claw horn disruption lesions (CHDL; sole ulcers and white line disease) and body condition score (BCS) at dry-off on survivability, milk production, and reproductive performance during the subsequent lactation. An observational prospective cohort study was conducted on a large commercial dairy in Cayuga County, New York, from September 2008 until January 2009. A total of 573 cows enrolled at dry-off were scored for body condition and hoof trimmed; digits were visually inspected for the presence of CHDL. The BCS data were recategorized into a 3-level variable BCS group (BCSG), …


The Impact Of Antioxidant Addition On Flavor Of Cheddar And Mozzarella Whey And Cheddar Whey Protein Concentrate, I. W. Liaw, H. Eshpari, P. S. Tong, M. A. Drake 2010 North Carolina State University at Raleigh

The Impact Of Antioxidant Addition On Flavor Of Cheddar And Mozzarella Whey And Cheddar Whey Protein Concentrate, I. W. Liaw, H. Eshpari, P. S. Tong, M. A. Drake

Dairy Science

Lipid oxidation products are primary contributors to whey ingredient off-flavors. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the impact of antioxidant addition in prevention of flavor deterioration of fluid whey and spray-dried whey protein. Cheddar and Mozzarella cheeses were manufactured in triplicate. Fresh whey was collected, pasteurized, and defatted by centrifugal separation. Subsequently, 0.05% (w/w) ascorbic acid or 0.5% (w/w) whey protein hydrolysate (WPH) were added to the pasteurized whey. A control with no antioxidant addition was also evaluated. Wheys were stored at 3 °C and evaluated after 0, 2, 4, 6, and 8 d. In a subsequent experiment, …


The Challenges Of Making A Blastocyst-Stage Embryo: Impact Of Heat Stress & Technical Factors Associated With Ivp Procedures, Estanislao Peixoto 2010 University of Tennessee - Knoxville

The Challenges Of Making A Blastocyst-Stage Embryo: Impact Of Heat Stress & Technical Factors Associated With Ivp Procedures, Estanislao Peixoto

Masters Theses

It was hypothesized that technical factors associated with in vitro production (IVP) of embryos may influence rate of blastocyst development of oocytes matured at 38.5 or 41.0 C. To test this hypothesis, a retrospective meta-analysis was performed. Simple linear regression was performed to analyze continuous variables and ANOVA for categorical variables. Interactions among factors and maturation temperature on blastocyst development were analyzed using dummy regression for continuous variables, and using a factorial treatment design and ANOVA for categorical variables. Month of collection was the only variable that impacted responsiveness of ova to heat stress. Independent of maturation temperature, variables that …


Effects On Lactation Performance When Slick Hair Gene Is Simulated In Dairy Cattle In The Tropics, R. M. Mejía, J. A. Ortuño, G. J. Lascano, M. Vélez 2010 Zamorano University

Effects On Lactation Performance When Slick Hair Gene Is Simulated In Dairy Cattle In The Tropics, R. M. Mejía, J. A. Ortuño, G. J. Lascano, M. Vélez

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Digestibility Of Fresh Sugarcane-Based Diets With Slow-Release Non Protein Nitrogen Addition For Limit-Fed Dairy Heifers In The Tropics, G. J. Lascano, M. Velez, J. M. Tricarico, A. J. Heinrichs 2010 Pennsylvania State University

Digestibility Of Fresh Sugarcane-Based Diets With Slow-Release Non Protein Nitrogen Addition For Limit-Fed Dairy Heifers In The Tropics, G. J. Lascano, M. Velez, J. M. Tricarico, A. J. Heinrichs

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Dietary Starch Level And Dose Response Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae For Limit Fed-Dairy Heifers, G. J. Lascano, J. M. Tricarico, A. J. Heinrichs 2010 Pennsylvania State University

Dietary Starch Level And Dose Response Of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae For Limit Fed-Dairy Heifers, G. J. Lascano, J. M. Tricarico, A. J. Heinrichs

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Nutrient Utilization Of Different Levels Of Dietary Fiber In Dairy Heifers Limit-Fed High And Low Concentrate Diets, G. J. Lascano, A. J. Heinrichs 2010 Pennsylvania State University

Nutrient Utilization Of Different Levels Of Dietary Fiber In Dairy Heifers Limit-Fed High And Low Concentrate Diets, G. J. Lascano, A. J. Heinrichs

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


Dairy Farmer Attitudes And Empathy Toward Animals Are Associated With Animal Welfare Indicators, Camilla Kielland, Eystein Skjerve, Olav Østerås, Adroaldo José Zanella 2010 Norwegian School of Veterinary Science

Dairy Farmer Attitudes And Empathy Toward Animals Are Associated With Animal Welfare Indicators, Camilla Kielland, Eystein Skjerve, Olav Østerås, Adroaldo José Zanella

Societal Attitudes Toward Animals Collection

Attitudes and empathy of farmers influence human–animal interaction, thereby affecting their behavior toward animals. The goal was to investigate how measures of attitude and empathy toward animals were associated with animal welfare indicators such as milk yield, mastitis incidence, fertility index, and the prevalence of skin lesions on cows. To assess empathy toward animals, a photo-based pain assessment instrument was developed depicting various conditions that could be associated with some degree of pain in cattle and included questions aimed at assessing attitudes toward animals. Photos of painful conditions are useful in eliciting measurable empathic responses to pain in humans. A …


Tb204: Organic Milk Production In Maine: Attributes, Costs, And Returns, Amelia L. Cook, Patrick S. Heacock, George K. Criner, Lisa A. Bragg 2010 The University of Maine

Tb204: Organic Milk Production In Maine: Attributes, Costs, And Returns, Amelia L. Cook, Patrick S. Heacock, George K. Criner, Lisa A. Bragg

Technical Bulletins

This report summarizes attributes, costs, and returns for organic dairy farms in Maine that responded to the 2008 dairy cost of production survey. This survey and analysis was conducted by the University of Maine in cooperation with the Maine Milk Commission. This publication reports on data collected over the 2007 production year. Analysis and discussion of the data revolve around four categories. The first category averages all 30 organic farms to create a statewide group. The authors then broke these 30 farms into three size groups (small, medium, and large) based on the number of cows on each farm. There …


Growth Hormone Alters Lipid Composition And Increases The Abundance Of Casein And Lactalbumin Mrna In The Mac-T Cell Line, Tasha L. Johnson, Brent A. S. Fujimoto, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Daniel G. Peterson 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Growth Hormone Alters Lipid Composition And Increases The Abundance Of Casein And Lactalbumin Mrna In The Mac-T Cell Line, Tasha L. Johnson, Brent A. S. Fujimoto, Rafael Jiménez-Flores, Daniel G. Peterson

Dairy Science

The MAC-T cell line has been used extensively to investigate bovine mammary epithelial cell function. A lactogenic phenotype is generally induced in this cell line by a combination of dexamethasone, insulin and prolactin and has typically been assessed by milk protein production. Few studies have focused on identifying other factors that may affect milk protein synthesis in the MAC-T cell line, and none have considered the lipid class distribution of MAC-T cells as a component of the lactogenic phenotype. Growth hormone (GH) has been shown to increase milk protein synthesis both in vivo and in mammary cell models, and has …


Lipid Rafts In The Bovine Milk Fat Globule Membrane Revealed By The Lateral Segregation Of Phospholipids And Heterogeneous Distribution Of Glycoproteins, Christelle Lopez, Marie-Noëlle Madec, Rafael Jiménez-Flores 2010 Science et Technologie du Lait et de l’Oeuf

Lipid Rafts In The Bovine Milk Fat Globule Membrane Revealed By The Lateral Segregation Of Phospholipids And Heterogeneous Distribution Of Glycoproteins, Christelle Lopez, Marie-Noëlle Madec, Rafael Jiménez-Flores

Dairy Science

This study reveals the lateral organisation of the milk fat globule membrane (MFGM). Using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and a lipid soluble molecule, an exogenous phospholipid and two lectins as fluorescent probes we located triacylglycerols in the core of fat globules and investigated the organisation of the polar lipids and glycoproteins of the MFGM, in situ in milk. Lipid rafts corresponding to the lateral segregation of sphingolipids in liquid-ordered phases surrounded by liquid-disordered domains composed by the glycerophospholipids were observed in the MFGM. These lipid rafts which correspond to rigid sphingolipid-rich domains have a circular shape at room temperature. …


Culturally Speaking: Beyond Yogurt, Phillip S. Tong 2010 California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Culturally Speaking: Beyond Yogurt, Phillip S. Tong

Dairy Science

No abstract provided.


W156-Clinical Mastitis Evaluation, The University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

W156-Clinical Mastitis Evaluation, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service

Animals/Livestock

No abstract provided.


W155-Clinical Mastitis And Treatment Record By Time Period, The University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

W155-Clinical Mastitis And Treatment Record By Time Period, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service

Animals/Livestock

No abstract provided.


W154-Clinical Mastitis And Treatment Record By Cow, The University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

W154-Clinical Mastitis And Treatment Record By Cow, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service

Animals/Livestock

No abstract provided.


W153-Forms Of Mastitis, The University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

W153-Forms Of Mastitis, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service

Animals/Livestock

No abstract provided.


W152-Estimating Losses Using Somatic Cell Counts, The University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

W152-Estimating Losses Using Somatic Cell Counts, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service

Animals/Livestock

No abstract provided.


W151-Bulk Tank Milk Quality Parameters, The University of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service 2010 University of Tennessee, Knoxville

W151-Bulk Tank Milk Quality Parameters, The University Of Tennessee Agricultural Extension Service

Animals/Livestock

Bacteria in milk, whether originating from the cow or from the environment, significantly impact the quality of dairy products and therefore consumer acceptance. Bacteria produce heatstable enzymes that can damage milk fat and milk protein. These enzymes are not affected by pasteurization and continue to cause damage in the final dairy product. High bacteria levels in raw milk result in off-flavors, bitter flavors, rancidity and reduced shelf life. The Pasteurized Milk Ordinance specifies safety standards of Grade A milk to protect public health, not to maximize product quality and shelf life. The PMO only sets limits on somatic cell count …


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