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Mixing It Up: The Impact Of Episodic Introgression On The Evolution Of High-Latitude Mesocarnivores, Jocelyn P. Colella 2022 University of New Mexico

Mixing It Up: The Impact Of Episodic Introgression On The Evolution Of High-Latitude Mesocarnivores, Jocelyn P. Colella

Biology ETDs

At high latitudes, climatic oscillations have triggered repeated episodes of organismal divergence by geographically isolating populations. For terrestrial species, extended isolation in glacial refugia – ice-free regions that enable terrestrial species persistence through glacial maxima – is hypothesized to stimulate allopatric divergence. Alternatively, upon glacial recession, divergent populations expanded from independent glacial refugia and often contacted other diverging populations. In the absence of reproductive isolating mechanisms, this biogeographic process may trigger hybridization and ultimately, gene flow between divergent taxa. My dissertation research aims to understand how these episodic periods of isolation and contact have impacted the evolution of high latitude species. To ...


The Neurobiology Of The Healing Arts: Expressive Arts Therapy As An Effective Treatment For Adults Diagnosed With Complex Ptsd Due To Complex Trauma In Childhood: A Literature Review, Cheryl Ratliff 2022 Lesley University

The Neurobiology Of The Healing Arts: Expressive Arts Therapy As An Effective Treatment For Adults Diagnosed With Complex Ptsd Due To Complex Trauma In Childhood: A Literature Review, Cheryl Ratliff

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Empirically based therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been found to be less effective in treating more severe trauma presentations such as complex PTSD (CPTSD). Neurobiological investigation provides a framework for examining the physical and psychological effects of trauma on brain and nerve structures and provides insight into how to effectively treat CPTSD. This literature review examined symptomology of CPTSD resulting from complex trauma in childhood, neurobiological effects of trauma and their implications for treatment, and the efficacy of the current treatment models, primarily those of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), narrative exposure therapy (NET), and somatic psychotherapies ...


Understanding Caribou Population Cycles, Jack R. St. John 2022 University of Montana

Understanding Caribou Population Cycles, Jack R. St. John

Undergraduate Theses, Professional Papers, and Capstone Artifacts

The complex population dynamics of caribou (Rangifer tarandus) were studied to determine the patterns of their population cycles and the processes driving them. It is well established, via previous archaeological research and Indigenous knowledge, that large migrating caribou herds found in and around the tundra at northern latitudes experience population boom and busts roughly every several decades. However, the processes driving the dynamics of these cycles are relatively unknown, which makes managing caribou herds for recreational and subsistence harvests difficult. It has been hypothesized that a combination of intrinsic and extrinsic factors shape these cycles, with density-dependence, predation, harvest, climate ...


Restoring Polyhyrdoxybutyrate (Phb) Depolymerase Expression In A Bald Mutant Of Streptomyces Sp. Sfb5a, Youmna Moawad 2021 Bridgewater College

Restoring Polyhyrdoxybutyrate (Phb) Depolymerase Expression In A Bald Mutant Of Streptomyces Sp. Sfb5a, Youmna Moawad

Honors Projects

Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is a biodegradable, plastic-like polymer produced by some bacteria and degraded by others. The filamentous bacterium Streptomyces sp. SFB5A degrades PHB for growth using an extracellular PHB depolymerase, encoded by the phaZ gene. A morphological mutant of this bacterium, bld4, cannot form aerial filaments and cannot produce PHB depolymerase, despite having the phaZ gene. The inability to synthesize PHB depolymerase may be due to a mutation in a gene encoding one of its transcriptional regulators. A gene (lrp) coding for a potential transcriptional regulator is located 2,700 base pairs upstream from phaZ. Our goal was to clone ...


Rare And Low Frequency Genomic Variants Impacting Neuronal Functions Modify The Dup7q11.23 Phenotype, Farah Qaiser, Yue Yin, Carolyn B. Mervis, Colleen A. Morris, Bonita P. Klein-Tasman, Elaine Tam, Lucy R. Osborne, Ryan K.C. Yuen 2021 University of Toronto

Rare And Low Frequency Genomic Variants Impacting Neuronal Functions Modify The Dup7q11.23 Phenotype, Farah Qaiser, Yue Yin, Carolyn B. Mervis, Colleen A. Morris, Bonita P. Klein-Tasman, Elaine Tam, Lucy R. Osborne, Ryan K.C. Yuen

School of Medicine Faculty Publications

© 2021, The Author(s). Background: 7q11.23 duplication (Dup7) is one of the most frequent recurrent copy number variants (CNVs) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but based on gold-standard assessments, only 19% of Dup7 carriers have ASD, suggesting that additional genetic factors are necessary to manifest the ASD phenotype. To assess the contribution of additional genetic variants to the Dup7 phenotype, we conducted whole-genome sequencing analysis of 20 Dup7 carriers: nine with ASD (Dup7-ASD) and 11 without ASD (Dup7-non-ASD). Results: We identified three rare variants of potential clinical relevance for ASD: a 1q21.1 microdeletion (Dup7-non-ASD) and two ...


Discerning The True Dilemma Of Diabetes Among Hispanics, Ramon Ponce 2021 Dominican University of California

Discerning The True Dilemma Of Diabetes Among Hispanics, Ramon Ponce

Nursing | Senior Theses

There is a common misconception that the primary role of nurses is to follow doctors’ orders and treat patients who are currently suffering and experiencing pain. Chronic illnesses such as diabetes can be prevented and better managed if the population who is greatest at risk is better informed and educated on the disease. Different cultures and ethnicities have different foods that unfortunately puts them at risk to get diabetes. Hispanics typically follow a diet that is high in carbohydrates, saturated fats, and sugars that greatly contribute to the development of diabetes. Often, Hispanics are not educated enough to comprehend the ...


Understanding Students’ Global Interdependence In Science Instruction, Walter S. Smith 2021 Texas Tech University

Understanding Students’ Global Interdependence In Science Instruction, Walter S. Smith

Journal of Global Education and Research

Multiple American educational organizations such as the National Education Association, Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development, and the Council of Chief State School Officers have advocated for globalizing the K-12 curriculum. The National Science Teaching Association (NSTA) in a position statement on international education and the Next Generation Science Standards have produced goals and standards for internationalizing the science curriculum by addressing topics such as climate change, environment, and disease that cross borders. In contrast to those pronouncements on the curriculum, this article views global science education through an instructional lens that focuses on a students’ global interdependence in science ...


Environmental Rnai Pathways In The Two-Spotted Spider Mite, Mosharrof Mondal, Jacob Peter, Obrie Scarbrough, Alex Flynt 2021 The University of Arizona

Environmental Rnai Pathways In The Two-Spotted Spider Mite, Mosharrof Mondal, Jacob Peter, Obrie Scarbrough, Alex Flynt

Faculty Publications

© 2020, The Author(s).

Background:RNA interference (RNAi) regulates gene expression in most multicellular organisms through binding of small RNA effectors to target transcripts. Exploiting this process is a popular strategy for genetic manipulation and has applications that includes arthropod pest control. RNAi technologies are dependent on delivery method with the most convenient likely being feeding, which is effective in some animals while others are insensitive. The two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, is prime candidate for developing RNAi approaches due to frequent occurrence of conventional pesticide resistance. Using a sequencing-based approach, the fate of ingested RNAs was explored to identify ...


Local Environmental Variables Are Key Drivers Of Ant Taxonomic And Functional Beta-Diversity In A Mediterranean Dryland, Clara Frasconi Wendt, Ana Ceia-Hasse, Alice Nunes, Robin Verble, Giacomo Santini, Mário Boieiro, Cristina Branquinho 2021 Missouri University of Science and Technology

Local Environmental Variables Are Key Drivers Of Ant Taxonomic And Functional Beta-Diversity In A Mediterranean Dryland, Clara Frasconi Wendt, Ana Ceia-Hasse, Alice Nunes, Robin Verble, Giacomo Santini, Mário Boieiro, Cristina Branquinho

Biological Sciences Faculty Research & Creative Works

The decomposition of beta-diversity (β-diversity) into its replacement (βrepl) and richness (βrich) components in combination with a taxonomic and functional approach, may help to identify processes driving community composition along environmental gradients. We aimed to understand which abiotic and spatial variables influence ant β-diversity and identify which processes may drive ant β-diversity patterns in Mediterranean drylands by measuring the percentage of variation in ant taxonomic and functional β-diversity explained by local environmental, regional climatic and spatial variables. We found that taxonomic and functional replacement (βrepl) primarily drove patterns in overall β-diversity (βtot). Variation partitioning analysis showed ...


Multiomic Analysis Of The Arabian Camel (Camelus Dromedarius) Kidney Reveals A Role For Cholesterol In Water Conservation, Fernando Alvira-Iraizoz, Benjamin T. Gillard, Panjiao Lin, Alex Paterson, Audrys G. Pauža, Mahmoud A. Ali, Ammar H. Alabsi, Pamela A. Burger, Naserddine Hamadi, Abdu Adem, David Murphy, Michael P. Greenwood 2021 Bristol Medical School

Multiomic Analysis Of The Arabian Camel (Camelus Dromedarius) Kidney Reveals A Role For Cholesterol In Water Conservation, Fernando Alvira-Iraizoz, Benjamin T. Gillard, Panjiao Lin, Alex Paterson, Audrys G. Pauža, Mahmoud A. Ali, Ammar H. Alabsi, Pamela A. Burger, Naserddine Hamadi, Abdu Adem, David Murphy, Michael P. Greenwood

All Works

The Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius) is the most important livestock animal in arid and semi-arid regions and provides basic necessities to millions of people. In the current context of climate change, there is renewed interest in the mechanisms that enable camelids to survive in arid conditions. Recent investigations described genomic signatures revealing evolutionary adaptations to desert environments. We now present a comprehensive catalogue of the transcriptomes and proteomes of the dromedary kidney and describe how gene expression is modulated as a consequence of chronic dehydration and acute rehydration. Our analyses suggested an enrichment of the cholesterol biosynthetic process and an ...


Physiological Processes, Chirag B. Raval 2021 CUNY City College

Physiological Processes, Chirag B. Raval

Open Educational Resources

Physiological Processes is designed to introduce fundamental concepts of physiology to biomedical engineering learners. Areas covered include: neural, muscular, cardiovascular, respiratory and renal system function; bioelectrical signals, capillary-level transport, organ-level exchange. Whenever possible, analysis will be quantitative in order to fulfill the course goals and to build the foundation for the subsequent biomedical engineering curriculum. This course is for Biomedical Engineering majors only.


Influence Of A Hydrocarbon Side Chain On The Performance Of Physaria Fendleri-Castor Oil Polyurethane Packaging Adhesives, Alexandra Ivey, Joey Talbert, Roque Evangelista, Keith Vorst, Greg Curtzwiler 2021 Iowa State University

Influence Of A Hydrocarbon Side Chain On The Performance Of Physaria Fendleri-Castor Oil Polyurethane Packaging Adhesives, Alexandra Ivey, Joey Talbert, Roque Evangelista, Keith Vorst, Greg Curtzwiler

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Polyurethanes (PU) are an important class of materials used in various applications across industries. With increased global interest in sustainable and environmentally benign packaging, there is high demand to replace traditional petroleum-based materials with renewable, bio-derived sources. This research developed PU adhesives for multilayer flexible food packaging using Physaria fendleri oil (formerly Lesquerella fendleri) and Ricinus communis (Castor oil), each possessing naturally occurring hydroxyl functional groups. Physaria oil has, on average, hydroxyl functionality on two of the three fatty acids compared to all three for Castor oil; therefore systematically varying the concentration of each oil and maintaining a constant crosslink ...


Insights Into Halophilic Microbial Adaptation: Analysis Of Integrons And Associated Genomic Structures And Characterization Of A Nitrilase In Hypersaline Environments, Sarah Sonbol 2021 American University in Cairo

Insights Into Halophilic Microbial Adaptation: Analysis Of Integrons And Associated Genomic Structures And Characterization Of A Nitrilase In Hypersaline Environments, Sarah Sonbol

Theses and Dissertations

Hypersaline environments are extreme habitats that can be exploited as biotechnological resources. Here, we characterized a nitrilase (NitraS-ATII) isolated from Atlantis II Deep brine pool. It showed higher thermal stability and heavy metal tolerance compared to a closely related nitrilase.

We also studied integrons in halophiles and hypersaline environments. Integrons are genetic platforms in which an integron integrase (IntI) mediates the excision and integration of gene cassettes at specific recombination sites. In order to search for integrons in halophiles and hypersaline metagenomes, we used a PCR-based approach, in addition to different bioinformatics tools, mainly IntegronFinder.

We found that integrons and ...


Tree Responses To Moderate And Extreme Drought In The Northeastern United States, Ruth A. van Kampen 2021 University of Maine

Tree Responses To Moderate And Extreme Drought In The Northeastern United States, Ruth A. Van Kampen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Climate change is expected to lead to novel drought conditions in the Northeastern United States. Therefore, experimental studies that mimic these conditions are crucial to understand the potential impact on forests. Further, recent large scale dendrochronological studies suggest that spring and summer droughts may immediately impact tree growth while fall droughts may cause delayed impacts on growth the following growing season. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the impacts of six-week-long spring, summer, and fall droughts on the physiology and intra-annual growth on 288 saplings of six tree species native to the Northeastern United States. These species (deciduous broadleaf angiosperms ...


Predicting The Spatiotemporal Exposure Of Aquatic Species To Intrusions Of Fire Retardant In Streams With Limited Data, Chris R. Rehmann, P. Ryan Jackson, Holly J. Puglis 2021 Iowa State University

Predicting The Spatiotemporal Exposure Of Aquatic Species To Intrusions Of Fire Retardant In Streams With Limited Data, Chris R. Rehmann, P. Ryan Jackson, Holly J. Puglis

Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering Publications

Because fire retardant can enter streams and harm aquatic species including endangered fish, agencies such as the U.S. Forest Service (USFS) must estimate the downstream extent of toxic effects every time fire retardant enters streams (denoted as an “intrusion”). A challenge in estimating the length of stream affected by the intrusion and the exposure time of species in the affected reach is the lack of data typically available on the stream's geometry and flow characteristics. Previously, the USFS estimated the affected reach length assuming instantaneous mixing of the retardant over the reach; however, this approach neglects key river ...


Bayesian Statistical Modeling Of Metagenomics Sequencing Data, Shuang Jiang 2021 Southern Methodist University

Bayesian Statistical Modeling Of Metagenomics Sequencing Data, Shuang Jiang

Statistical Science Theses and Dissertations

Microbiome count data are high-dimensional and usually suffer from uneven sampling depth, over-dispersion, and zero-inflation. In this thesis, we develop specialized analytical models for analyzing such count data. In Chapter 2, I develop a bi-level Bayesian hierarchical framework for microbiome differential abundance analysis. The bottom level is a multivariate count-generating process that links the observed counts to their latent normalized abundances. The top level is a mixture of Gaussian distributions with a feature selection scheme for differential abundance analysis. A simulation study on both simulated and synthetic data is conducted. A colorectal cancer case study demonstrates that a resulting diagnostic ...


Why Farmers Don't Always Practice 'Optimum' Management: Case Study Of Small Stock Ranching Systems In Southern Namibia, Stephanie E. Domptail, Alexander Popp, Ernst‐August Nuppenau 2021 Justus Liebig University Giessen, Germany

Why Farmers Don't Always Practice 'Optimum' Management: Case Study Of Small Stock Ranching Systems In Southern Namibia, Stephanie E. Domptail, Alexander Popp, Ernst‐August Nuppenau

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Contribution Of Mixed Farming Systems To Biodiversity Across Australia's Sheep‐Wheat Zone: The Grain & Graze Participatory Research Model, Kerry L. Bridle, Peter McQuillan, Dave Green, Janet Smith, Margy Fitzgerald, Ted Lefroy 2021 University of Tasmania, Australia

Assessing The Contribution Of Mixed Farming Systems To Biodiversity Across Australia's Sheep‐Wheat Zone: The Grain & Graze Participatory Research Model, Kerry L. Bridle, Peter Mcquillan, Dave Green, Janet Smith, Margy Fitzgerald, Ted Lefroy

International Grassland Congress Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Season Advancement Of Cool Season Cut Flower Crops Snapdragon And Peony, Maegen A. Lewis 2021 Utah State University

Season Advancement Of Cool Season Cut Flower Crops Snapdragon And Peony, Maegen A. Lewis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Demand and production of specialty cut flowers is growing across the U.S., but research is lacking in the U.S. Intermountain West, where the semi-arid and high elevation climate offers unique challenges for growers. The goal of this study was to evaluate the stem quality, harvest timing, and yield of snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) ‘Chantilly’, ‘Potomac’, and ‘Rocket’ and peony (Paeonia lactiflora) ‘Coral Charm’ as cool-season cut flower crops under high tunnel and field production in North Logan, Utah. Snapdragons were transplanted at three-week intervals beginning in early-February in high tunnels and ending in late-May in the field. Peony low-tunnel ...


Parents' Perceptions Of Life Skill Development And Satisfaction With Utah 4-H, Oakley G. Perry 2021 Utah State University

Parents' Perceptions Of Life Skill Development And Satisfaction With Utah 4-H, Oakley G. Perry

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The 4-H program is the nation’s largest youth development program with near six million members nationwide. Utah 4-H provides this program to the residents of Utah through Utah State University’s Extension Service. The program focuses on teaching life skills to youth to prepare them for their future using hands on educational programs tied to project areas, or particular topics like equine science or fine arts. Utah 4-H has many different stakeholders, one of which being the parents of its members. For youth programs to continue to be successful, these programs must show stakeholders their significance and ensure that ...


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