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Judges In Lawyerless Courts, Anna E. Carpenter, Colleen F. Shanahan, Jessica K. Steinberg, Alyx Mark 2022 S.J. Quinney College of Law, University of Utah

Judges In Lawyerless Courts, Anna E. Carpenter, Colleen F. Shanahan, Jessica K. Steinberg, Alyx Mark

Utah Law Faculty Scholarship

The typical American civil trial court is lawyerless. In response to the challenge of pro se litigation, scholars, advocates, judges, and courts have embraced a key solution: reforming the judge’s traditional role. The prevailing vision calls on trial judges to set aside traditional judicial passivity, simplify court procedures, and offer a range of assistance and accommodation to people without counsel.

Despite widespread support for judicial role reform, we know little of whether and how judges are implementing pro se assistance recommendations. Our lack of knowledge stands in stark contrast to the responsibility civil trial judges bear – and the power ...


White Supremacy, Police Brutality, And Family Separation: Preventing Crimes Against Humanity Within The United States, Elena Baylis 2022 University of Pittsburgh School of Law

White Supremacy, Police Brutality, And Family Separation: Preventing Crimes Against Humanity Within The United States, Elena Baylis

Articles

Although the United States tends to treat crimes against humanity as a danger that exists only in authoritarian or war-torn states, in fact, there is a real risk of crimes against humanity occurring within the United States, as illustrated by events such as systemic police brutality against Black Americans, the federal government’s family separation policy that took thousands of immigrant children from their parents at the southern border, and the dramatic escalation of White supremacist and extremist violence culminating in the January 6, 2021 attack on the U.S. Capitol. In spite of this risk, the United States does ...


How Should Inheritance Law Remediate Inequality?, Felix B. Chang 2022 University of Cincinnati College of Law

How Should Inheritance Law Remediate Inequality?, Felix B. Chang

Faculty Articles and Other Publications

This Essay argues that trusts and estates (“T&E”) should prioritize intergenerational economic mobility—the ability of children to move beyond the economic station of their parents—above all other goals. The field’s traditional emphasis on testamentary freedom fosters the stickiness of inequality. For wealthy settlors, dynasty trusts sequester assets from the nation’s system of taxation and stream of commerce. For low-income decedents, intestacy splinters property rights and inhibits their transfer, especially to nontraditional heirs.

Holistically, this Essay argues that T&E should promote mean regression of the wealth distribution curve over time. This can be accomplished by loosening spending in ultrawealthy households and spurring savings and investment in low-income households.

T&E scholars are tackling inequality with greater urgency than ever before; yet basic questions remain. The Essay contributes to these conversations by articulating a comprehensive framework for progressive inheritance law that redresses long-term inequality.


Liberal Feminist Jurisprudence: Foundational, Enduring, Adaptive, Linda C. McClain, Brittany K. Hacker 2022 Boston University School of Law

Liberal Feminist Jurisprudence: Foundational, Enduring, Adaptive, Linda C. Mcclain, Brittany K. Hacker

Faculty Scholarship

Liberal feminism remains a significant strand of feminist jurisprudence in the U.S. Rooted in 19th and 20th century liberal and feminist political theory and women’s rights advocacy, it emphasizes autonomy, dignity, and equality. Liberal feminism’s focus remains to challenge unjust gender-based restrictions based on assumptions about men’s and women’s proper spheres and roles. Second wave liberal legal feminism, evident in Ruth Bader Ginsburg’s constitutional litigation, challenged pervasive sex-based discrimination in law and social institutions and shifted the Supreme Court’s interpretation of the Equal Protection Clause to a more skeptical review of gender-based classifications ...


Vulnerable Populations And Vaccine Injury Compensation: The Need For Legal Reform, Katharine A. Van Tassel, Sharona Hoffman 2022 Case Western University School of Law

Vulnerable Populations And Vaccine Injury Compensation: The Need For Legal Reform, Katharine A. Van Tassel, Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

This chapter argues that the potential for vaccine-related harms raises acute concerns for vulnerable populations. These harms have a disparate impact on low-income people, who are disproportionately non-White, and who have limited financial resources to obtain medical care, weather job losses, and pursue injury compensation. When a vaccine is given as a countermeasure during a declared public health emergency (PHE), the problem is acute because of the limited availability of injury compensation.


Professional Speech At Scale, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Sharona Hoffman 2022 Case Western University School of Law

Professional Speech At Scale, Cassandra Burke Robertson, Sharona Hoffman

Faculty Publications

Regulatory actions affecting professional speech are facing new challenges from all sides. On one side, the Supreme Court has grown increasingly protective of professionals’ free speech rights, and it has subjected regulations affecting that speech to heightened levels of scrutiny that call into question traditional regulatory practices in both law and medicine. On the other side, technological developments, including the growth of massive digital platforms and the introduction of artificial intelligence programs, have created brand new problems of regulatory scale. Professional speech is now able to reach a wide audience faster than ever before, creating risks that misinformation will cause ...


Employment Status For “Essential Workers”: The Case For Gig Worker Parity, Miriam A. Cherry 2022 Saint Louis University School of Law

Employment Status For “Essential Workers”: The Case For Gig Worker Parity, Miriam A. Cherry

All Faculty Scholarship

This Article explores what I call the “essential worker paradox”: During the pandemic, gig workers have been recognized as providing critical and important services. At the same time, the law has yet to recognize gig workers fully and to commit to providing them with the same basic protections as employees. The Article argues that the stark difference in treatment between gig workers and regular employees has long created unfairness. While views of gig work as a side hustle or work driven by customer convenience may have prevailed in the past, now the meal delivery driver and the on-demand grocery shopper ...


Climate Justice And The Etos, Sara L. Seck 2021 Dalhousie University Schulich School of Law

Climate Justice And The Etos, Sara L. Seck

Articles, Book Chapters, & Popular Press

This chapter will explore whether the Maastricht Principles have contributed to the clarification of ETOs for human rights in relation to climate justice. I will first consider some conceptual issues of relevance to both the ETOs and the quest for climate justice. Second, with reference to several examples, I will illustrate how the concept of extraterritoriality may create confusion rather than clarity in the climate context. I will then illustrate how this confusion may be overcome if attention is paid to the precise nature of the relationships at issue to which obligations attach, rather than reinforcing the bright line of ...


Personal Data Privacy And Protective Federal Legislation: An Exploration Of Constituent Position On The Need For Legislation To Control Data Reliant Organizations Collecting And Monetizing Internet-Obtained Personal Data, Giovanni De Meo 2021 University of San Diego

Personal Data Privacy And Protective Federal Legislation: An Exploration Of Constituent Position On The Need For Legislation To Control Data Reliant Organizations Collecting And Monetizing Internet-Obtained Personal Data, Giovanni De Meo

Dissertations

In the past twenty years, the business of online personal data collection has grown at the same rapid pace as the internet itself, fostering a multibillion-dollar personal data collection and commercialization industry. Unlike many other large industries, there has been no major federal legislation enacted to monitor or control the activities of organizations dealing in this flourishing industry. The combination of these factors together with the lack of prior research encouraged this research designed to understand how much voters know about this topic and whether there is interest in seeing legislation enacted to protect individual personal data privacy.

To address ...


A Bibliography Of Faculty Scholarship, Law Library 2021 The Catholic University of America, Columbus School of Law

A Bibliography Of Faculty Scholarship, Law Library

Scholarly Articles and Other Contributions

The purpose of this bibliography is to record in one place the substantial body of scholarship produced by the current faculty at the Catholic University, Columbus School of Law. From its humble beginnings under the tutelage of founding Dean William Callyhan Robinson, through its adolescent period when, like so many other American law schools, it was trying to define its pedagogical niche, to its eventual merger with the Columbus University Law School in 1954, the law school at Catholic University has always retained a scholarly and remarkably productive faculty. The sheer quantity of writing, the breadth of research and the ...


Analisis Yuridis Pemutusan Kontrak Kerjasama Pengadaan Barang Atau Jasa Secara Sepihak Antara Kontraktor Kontrak Kerjasama Industri Hulu Minyak Dan Gas Dengan Pelaksana Kontrak, Satria Winisuddha 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Analisis Yuridis Pemutusan Kontrak Kerjasama Pengadaan Barang Atau Jasa Secara Sepihak Antara Kontraktor Kontrak Kerjasama Industri Hulu Minyak Dan Gas Dengan Pelaksana Kontrak, Satria Winisuddha

Dharmasisya

in the implementation of services in a procurement contract for goods or service, parties that require services and goods are represented by the Pejabat Pembuat Komitmen (PPK), while the parties that provide the goods or services are called vendors. In the particular case of the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry, the ones who act as the Pejabat Pembuat Komitmen are the Cooperative Contract Contractor, What is meant by a Cooperative Contractor is that the company are the ones producing the upstream oil and gas. The process of agreement between the contractor and the contract executor must begin with agreement between ...


Kewenangan Pelaksanaan Perizinan Investasi Oleh Pemerintah Daerah Berdasarkan Peraturan Perundang-Undangan, 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Kewenangan Pelaksanaan Perizinan Investasi Oleh Pemerintah Daerah Berdasarkan Peraturan Perundang-Undangan

Dharmasisya

Peraturan perundangan- undangan Indonesia terhadap Pemerintahan daerah telah menganut sistem desentralisasi yang mana daerah telah mendapatkan kewenangan yang lebih besar untuk mengatur sendiri pemerintahannya, Adapun kewenangan propinsi, Kabupaten dan Kota, berdasarkan Pasal 13 dan Pasal 14 UU No 23 Tahun 2014, dapat digolongkan kepada urusan wajib yang menjadi kewenangan pemerintahan daerah dan urusan pemerintahan yang bersifat pilihan. Dalam pengaturannya setidaknya terdapat 31 sektor pemerintahan yang merupakan urusan pemerintahan yang di- desentralisasikan ke daerah baik yang terkait dengan urusan yang bersifat wajib untuk menyelenggarakan pelayanan dasar maupun urusan yang bersifat pilihan untuk menyelenggarakan pengembangan sektor ekonomi yang menjadi unggulan dari daerah ...


Akibat Hukum Yang Ditimbulkan Oleh Masa Depan Organisasi Perdagangan Regional, Rossa Amanda Santika 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Akibat Hukum Yang Ditimbulkan Oleh Masa Depan Organisasi Perdagangan Regional, Rossa Amanda Santika

Dharmasisya

Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) are a prominent future of multilateral trading system. The number of RTAs has been increasing and this trend will be further strengthened by the many RTAs being proposed and those currently under negotiation the impasse in the Doha Round exacerbates the gap between the preferential and the MFN paths to trade liberalization. The proliferation of RTAs presents WTO Members with challenges and opportunities; the promotion of free trade through preferential agreements can foster trade liberalization and benefit economic development by integrating developing countries into the world economy; yet the development of complex networks of non-MFN trade ...


Pencabutan Hak Memilih Dan Dipilih Terhadap Narapidana Tindak Pidana Korupsi Dalam Jabatan Publik, Rona Puspita 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Pencabutan Hak Memilih Dan Dipilih Terhadap Narapidana Tindak Pidana Korupsi Dalam Jabatan Publik, Rona Puspita

Dharmasisya

The phenomenon of the proliferation of public officials and political figures who have been caught up in corruption cases has caused enough efforts by law enforcement officials to stop it. Article 10 letter b number 1 of the Criminal Code states that additional sanctions can be in the form of revocation of certain rights. This study aims to determine the regulation regarding revocation of the right to vote and be elected in public office as an additional crime for perpetrators of corruption in terms of human rights perspective. This research used descriptive analytical, which describes the facts in the form ...


Implikasi Mengenai Pencabutan Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 27 Tahun 2009 Tentang Pedoman Penetapan Izin Gangguan Di Daerah Sebagaimana Telah Diubah Dengan Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 22 Tahun 2016 Terhadap Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Dki Jakarta Nomor 15 Tahun 2011 Tentang Perizinan Tempat Usaha Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Gangguan, 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Implikasi Mengenai Pencabutan Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 27 Tahun 2009 Tentang Pedoman Penetapan Izin Gangguan Di Daerah Sebagaimana Telah Diubah Dengan Peraturan Menteri Dalam Negeri Nomor 22 Tahun 2016 Terhadap Peraturan Daerah Provinsi Dki Jakarta Nomor 15 Tahun 2011 Tentang Perizinan Tempat Usaha Berdasarkan Undang-Undang Gangguan

Dharmasisya

On March 29 2017, the Government issued a regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs of Republic of Indonesia Number 19 of 2017 concerning the revocation of regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs Number 27 of 2009 about the Guidelines for Determination of Disturbance Permit in Regions that were approved as amended by Minister of Home Affairs Regulation Number 27 of 2009 about Guidelines Establishment of Disturbance Permit in the Regions. The Government assesses that regulation of the Minister of Home Affairs Number 27 of 2009 on the guidelines for the Establishment of Disturbance Permit in the Region is ...


Implikasi Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2014 Tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan Terhadap Upaya Hukum Luar Biasa Dalam Sengketa Pertanahan, Rini Wulandari 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Implikasi Undang-Undang Nomor 30 Tahun 2014 Tentang Administrasi Pemerintahan Terhadap Upaya Hukum Luar Biasa Dalam Sengketa Pertanahan, Rini Wulandari

Dharmasisya

As stated in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia that the Indonesian state is a state based on the rule of law (rechtstaat). Indonesia as a state of law tends to be positivist, by creating laws and regulations as one of the fundamental instruments in running the country. The government regulates and restricts officials as well as citizens to act through legislation in order to materialize the country's goals. These restrictions are intended so that the authorities do not act arbitrarily because it has the potential in causing legal uncertainty and threats to justice acquired by the citizens ...


Hilangnya Mh370: Tanggung Jawab Maskapai Penerbangan Dalam Prespektif Konvensi Warsawa Dan Konvensi Montreal, Rian Fachmi Tobing 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Hilangnya Mh370: Tanggung Jawab Maskapai Penerbangan Dalam Prespektif Konvensi Warsawa Dan Konvensi Montreal, Rian Fachmi Tobing

Dharmasisya

This research aims to know whether Malaysia Airlines MH370 accident investigation authority has been in accordance with the provisions of International Law. The type of research was normative and prescriptive. The approach used statute approach and case approach. The source of this research are primary data source and secondary data source, while data collection techniques using literature techniques. Based on the study of the research, the result of observation is, in International Law aircraft accident investigation regulated in Chicago Convention 1944 on Annex 13 Aircraft Accident and Incident Investigation. When the plane crashed at high seas, the state of registry ...


Implikasi Yuridis Dalam Pembayaran Tagihan Tenaga Listrik Yang Tidak Sesuai Pemakaian Akibat Kerusakan Alat Pengukur Dan Pembatas, Retnowulan Sopiyani 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Implikasi Yuridis Dalam Pembayaran Tagihan Tenaga Listrik Yang Tidak Sesuai Pemakaian Akibat Kerusakan Alat Pengukur Dan Pembatas, Retnowulan Sopiyani

Dharmasisya

One of the rights and obligations of consumers and also PLN which is regulated by the Power Purchase Agreement (SPJBTL) is to pay electricity bills. The amount of electricity bills issued by PLN must comply with energy consumption, which is measured by the Limiting and Measuring Devices (APP). The problem occurs when there is damage to the APP, so it can not work as it should. As a results there is a mismatch between the energy used and measured. So that both parties could potentially suffer losses due to more or less electricity bills. Losses due to loss of energy ...


Tanggung Jawab Pengusaha Dan Pekerja Dalam Penerapan K3 Pada Proyek Konstruksi Ditinjau Dari Pelaksanaan Hak Dan Kewajiban Para Pihak, Rahadian Ratry 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Tanggung Jawab Pengusaha Dan Pekerja Dalam Penerapan K3 Pada Proyek Konstruksi Ditinjau Dari Pelaksanaan Hak Dan Kewajiban Para Pihak, Rahadian Ratry

Dharmasisya

Occupational Health and Safety is a matter that must be considered by all parties in a company. The implementation of this program is an effort to protect employees from the risks of work hazards and their impacts. Occupational Health and Safety is one of the supporting factors in increasing company productivity and the welfare of its employees. But there are still many people and companies, especially in the field of construction, who have not been aware of and adequately equipped about the importance of occupational health and safety in Indonesia. The parties, workers and employers, have the rights and obligations ...


Kewenangan International Criminal Court Dalam Mengadili Pelaku Kejahatan Perang Pada Negara Yang Tidak Meratifikasi Rome Statute 1998, R Gilang Wisnhu Dhuara 2021 Universitas Indonesia

Kewenangan International Criminal Court Dalam Mengadili Pelaku Kejahatan Perang Pada Negara Yang Tidak Meratifikasi Rome Statute 1998, R Gilang Wisnhu Dhuara

Dharmasisya

International Humanitarian Law is a part of the law that regulates provisions for protection of victims of war, the law of war that rule the war itself and everything that concerns the way of war itself. Rome Statute 1998 became the foundation of the International Criminal Court (ICC) is a permanent and independent court that can prosecute the perpetrators of serious crimes, one of them is war. to be able to do the jurisdiction of the ICC in a country, then the country must ratify the Statute. Furthermore, if a country does not ratify the Statute, how the ICC can ...


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