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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Increasing The Importance Of Sleep Education In College Students, Mireya Ysena Cortez May 2021

Increasing The Importance Of Sleep Education In College Students, Mireya Ysena Cortez

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

What is sleep education? How can one take accountability in teaching college students the importance of sleep and the effects on their overall health and wellbeing? By implementing sleep knowledge in school curriculums, especially in emerging adults, will aid gaps within the educational system. In a culture of "pulling all nighters," university students risk detrimental health risks and psychological issues during college and throughout the rest of their life. The purpose of this project is to shed light on the issue of Increasing the importance of sleep education in college students. In an environment that entails a high degree of ...


The Impact Of Teacher Training On Adhd: Assessing Classroom Interventions And Teacher's Self-Efficacy, Cheryl Young Hamilton Apr 2021

The Impact Of Teacher Training On Adhd: Assessing Classroom Interventions And Teacher's Self-Efficacy, Cheryl Young Hamilton

Doctoral Dissertations and Projects

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been a topic that has gained widespread attention, especially in the last decade. Researchers have attempted to study the growing epidemic in numerous ways, from understanding the cause to helping children and adults learn how to deal with the lifelong diagnosis. More recently, the mainstream topic has leaned towards institutional factors that continuously a lack of support for teachers within the classroom. Teachers and educators around the world have been placed at the forefront to manage something that may appear foreign. Consequently, school districts are left with the daunting task of following federal regulations that ...


Defining And Detecting Toxicity On Social Media: Context And Knowledge Are Key, Amit Sheth, Valerie Shalin, Ugur Kursuncu Apr 2021

Defining And Detecting Toxicity On Social Media: Context And Knowledge Are Key, Amit Sheth, Valerie Shalin, Ugur Kursuncu

Publications

As the role of online platforms has become increasingly prominent for communication, toxic behaviors, such as cyberbullying and harassment, have been rampant in the last decade. On the other hand, online toxicity is multi-dimensional and sensitive in nature, which makes its detection challenging. As the impact of exposure to online toxicity can lead to serious implications for individuals and communities, reliable models and algorithms are required for detecting and understanding such communications. In this paper We define toxicity to provide a foundation drawing social theories. Then, we provide an approach that identifies multiple dimensions of toxicity and incorporates explicit knowledge ...


Knowledge, Beliefs And Practices Of The Covid-19 Pandemic Among Nigerians, Kennedy Arebamen Eiriemiokhale Phd, Oluwole Akanmu Odunola Phd, Adetoun Omolola Idowu Prof. Apr 2021

Knowledge, Beliefs And Practices Of The Covid-19 Pandemic Among Nigerians, Kennedy Arebamen Eiriemiokhale Phd, Oluwole Akanmu Odunola Phd, Adetoun Omolola Idowu Prof.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Nigeria has adopted unprecedented measures to control the rapid spread of COVID-19 pandemic in the country. Citizens’ adherence to control measures is affected by their knowledge, beliefs, and Practices towards COVID-19. This study investigated the knowledge, beliefs and practices of the Covid-19 pandemic among Nigerians. The study adopted a cross-sectional web-based survey. The population of the study comprised Nigeria population of 200,000000 and a sample of 384 was drawn from the population. Data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics at 0.05 level of significance. The results of the study revealed that the respondents’ knowledge of the ...


Assessment Of Rural Women Farmers’ Knowledge On Selected Soya Bean Products And Accessibility To Nutrition Education Sources In Ekiti State, Nigeria, Olalekan Odefadehan Dr., Temitope Omoyungbo, Ayotunde Owolabi, Tolulope Akinbobola Mar 2021

Assessment Of Rural Women Farmers’ Knowledge On Selected Soya Bean Products And Accessibility To Nutrition Education Sources In Ekiti State, Nigeria, Olalekan Odefadehan Dr., Temitope Omoyungbo, Ayotunde Owolabi, Tolulope Akinbobola

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study assessed the accessibility to nutrition education sources and level of knowledge on soya bean products as alternative/cheap source of protein by rural women. Multistage sampling procedure was utilized in selecting 234 respondents in the study area. Interview schedule and focus group discussion was used to collect information from the rural women. Data was analysed through descriptive statistics (percentages, frequencies and means) and inferential statistics (Analysis of variance). The results showed that the women had access to nutrition education on soya beans mostly through; family and friends (x̅= 0.82), local health centres (x̅= 0.78), radio (x ...


Law Library Blog (March 2021): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Mar 2021

Law Library Blog (March 2021): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Analysis Of The Knowledge And Stigmatizing Attitude Of Ghanaians And Nigerians Towards Covid-19 Survivors, Emmanuel Lamptey, Dorcas Serwaa, Maxwell Hubert Antwi, Theckla Ikome Ms, Nkechi Odogwu Feb 2021

A Comparative Analysis Of The Knowledge And Stigmatizing Attitude Of Ghanaians And Nigerians Towards Covid-19 Survivors, Emmanuel Lamptey, Dorcas Serwaa, Maxwell Hubert Antwi, Theckla Ikome Ms, Nkechi Odogwu

Journal of Refugee & Global Health

Introduction: In Africa, COVID-19 associated stigmatization still remains the contextual factor that poses a challenge for the mitigation and suppression of COVID-19 spread, especially among the illiterate populations. This comparative study was therefore conducted to assess the knowledge and willingness of Ghanaians and Nigerians to associate with COVID-19 survivors.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to collect information from 290 Ghanaian and 220 Nigerian nationals aged 18 years and above between 11th July-30th October 2020. An electronic-based questionnaire was developed to collect information on the public. The data were analyzed with SPSS v 22 and factors influencing knowledge and willingness ...


From Classroom To The Field Of Library Practice: The Gaps And Its Cost In The Librarianship Profession., Oluwaseun Lekan Ipadeola, Aderonke Ayobami Ogungbade Miss Feb 2021

From Classroom To The Field Of Library Practice: The Gaps And Its Cost In The Librarianship Profession., Oluwaseun Lekan Ipadeola, Aderonke Ayobami Ogungbade Miss

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Librarianship is a service-oriented profession which focuses on managing relevant information resources to meet diverse needs of users. The goals of librarianship, particularly its role in transmission of knowledge cannot be achieved without users occupying a huge portion in the process of information services; this preoccupation has implications for how librarianship is and will be practiced.

In modern usage, professions tend to have certain qualities in common. A profession is always held by a person, and it is generally that person's way of generating income.

A specialized knowledge of the concerned field is needed by the professional. Those persons ...


“Pick A Card, Any Card”: Learning To Deceive And Conceal – With Care, Brian Rappert Jan 2021

“Pick A Card, Any Card”: Learning To Deceive And Conceal – With Care, Brian Rappert

Secrecy and Society

Because of the asymmetries in knowledge regarding the underlying hidden mechanisms as well as because of the importance of intentional deception, entertainment magic is often presented as an exercise in power, manipulation, and control. This article challenges such portrayals and through doing so common presumptions about how secrets are kept. It does so through recounting the experiences of the author as a beginner learning a craft. Regard for the choices and tensions associated with the accomplishment of mutually recognized deception in entertainment magic are marshalled to consider how it involves ‘reciprocal action’ between the audience and the performer. Attending to ...


The Rhetorical Devices Of The Keepers Of State Secrets, Stephane Lefebvre Jan 2021

The Rhetorical Devices Of The Keepers Of State Secrets, Stephane Lefebvre

Secrecy and Society

This article examines a set of rhetorical devices forming a linguistic practice that are used repeatedly by secret keepers in the United States and the United Kingdom when legally and popularly arguing against the disclosure of state secrets. Each of these devices (using lists, using the future conditional, arguing from ignorance and authority, arguing from consequences, and arguing by analogy) play a role in shaping our social understanding of state secrecy. More importantly, these devices provide secret keepers a means by which to assert their knowledge and expertise, and to legitimize, if judges agree with them, the nondisclosure of state ...


The Information Analysis And The Review Of Research Results As A Source Of Knowledge For The Mapping Of Advanced Research (Bibliometric Analysis Of The Research On The Citarum River), Cipta Endyana, Hanny Hafiar, Jimi Narotama Mahameruaji Jan 2021

The Information Analysis And The Review Of Research Results As A Source Of Knowledge For The Mapping Of Advanced Research (Bibliometric Analysis Of The Research On The Citarum River), Cipta Endyana, Hanny Hafiar, Jimi Narotama Mahameruaji

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Electronic resources, particularly journal literature, have become a major element of library collections around the world. One of them is a collection of articles that are indexed in the indexing portal. There have been several publications related to the research results on the Citarum River. The Citarum River is one of the rivers that has an important role for the people in West Java Province, Indonesia. The published articles have been indexed on the Garuda portal, which is the national index for scientific articles. However, the research results in the form of scientific publications have not been mapped integratively. So ...


Assessment Of The Potential For Youth Engagement In Mountain Gorilla Conservation In Uganda, Samson Elijah Werikhe Jan 2021

Assessment Of The Potential For Youth Engagement In Mountain Gorilla Conservation In Uganda, Samson Elijah Werikhe

Dissertations & Theses

Young people can play a vital role in contributing to protecting natural resources. However, their participation in efforts to support existence of the endangered mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) is relatively new and not well understood. Mountain gorillas are critically endangered and continue to face threats from the local farmers, although several mountain gorilla conservation strategies are under way. This study evaluates the potential of involving young people in the conservation of mountain gorillas by assessing their knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy and intentional behaviors. Attitudinal factors contribute to guiding behavior. Self-efficacy and outcome expectations are beliefs that influence young people’s ...


An Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Of The Kuantan Community On The Effects Of Monosaccharides On Cancer, Muhammad Alif Mazlan, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Afzan Mat Yusof, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa Dec 2020

An Assessment Of Knowledge, Attitude, And Practice Of The Kuantan Community On The Effects Of Monosaccharides On Cancer, Muhammad Alif Mazlan, Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan, Afzan Mat Yusof, Muhammad Lokman Md Isa

Makara Journal of Health Research

Background: Cancer knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) levels of communities are essential to be assessed to enhance cancer educational programs. This study aimed to determine the KAP level of the Kuantan community on the effects of monosaccharides on cancer. The association between the sociodemographic data and KAP level of the community has also been evaluated.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was performed among residents living in the Kuantan community. Only 303 of 380 responses were included in the data analysis using the chi-square test.

Results: The knowledge and practice levels were moderate, whereas the attitude was at a positive level. Moreover ...


Law School News: 'Law Isn't A Foreign Language Anymore' 11/24/2020, Michael M. Bowden Nov 2020

Law School News: 'Law Isn't A Foreign Language Anymore' 11/24/2020, Michael M. Bowden

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


The Structure, State, And Stream Of Mary Consciousness In The Quest For The Knowing Body, Christine Dennis Nov 2020

The Structure, State, And Stream Of Mary Consciousness In The Quest For The Knowing Body, Christine Dennis

Journal of Conscious Evolution

The science of consciousness has traditionally situated knowledge creation in the mind, and thus, marginalizes the knowing body. Returning to the body requires a decolonization of consciousness in Euro-Western research paradigms and in our bodies. This research is grounded in the spirituality indigenous to my Latinx matrilineage known as Mary consciousness, which frames the body as an epistemic pillar of knowledge creation. A feminist fleshing of the knowing body displaces the centrality of the mind by elevating indigenous ways of knowing. Material feminist worldviews contribute by expressing the degree to which the body has been marginalized as a valid source ...


Words And Power In Conflict: Rwanda Under Mrnd Rule, Allan T. Moore Ph.D. Nov 2020

Words And Power In Conflict: Rwanda Under Mrnd Rule, Allan T. Moore Ph.D.

Peace and Conflict Studies

Rwanda under the rule of President Juvenal Habyarimana and the MRND government was a de facto totalitarian governed society, and throughout Habyarimana’s twenty-one year rule, it has been established that there was clear propaganda and hatred directed toward those citizens identified as Tutsi through their national identification records. This article examines the effects of centralized power harbored by Habyarimana and the MRND during this time utilizing a theoretical framework based on the intersection of complementary theory from Foucault, Dahl and Weber. The methodology includes a novel critical discourse analysis (CDA) of transcribed speeches delivered by Habyarimana and Leon Mugesera ...


Relationships Among Librarians’ Knowledge Of, Attitude To And Social Media Use For Information Dissemination In Universities In South-South, Nigeria., Victor Okeoghene Idiedo, Bassil E. Posigha Dr. Oct 2020

Relationships Among Librarians’ Knowledge Of, Attitude To And Social Media Use For Information Dissemination In Universities In South-South, Nigeria., Victor Okeoghene Idiedo, Bassil E. Posigha Dr.

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Abstract

The study investigated relationships among librarians’ knowledge of, attitude to and social media use for information dissemination in South-South Universities Nigeria. The study was necessitated by the under-utilization of information resources and services in university libraries, as a result of inadequate dissemination of information about the available resources and services to library users. The study adopted the correlational research design. The population of the study comprised all the 176 librarians working in all the 12 federal and state university libraries in South-South Nigeria. The entire population was used for the study because of its relatively small size. Three instruments ...


Awareness And Application Of Organizational Knowledge Management By Academic Librarians In University Libraries In South- East Nigeria, Angela Njideka Anike, Anthonia Ukamaka Echedom Oct 2020

Awareness And Application Of Organizational Knowledge Management By Academic Librarians In University Libraries In South- East Nigeria, Angela Njideka Anike, Anthonia Ukamaka Echedom

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Application of organizational knowledge management is crucial to effective information service delivery in university libraries. Its implementation in Nigeria is still at the initial stage while the level of awareness and application in university libraries in South-East is yet to be determined. This study investigated the level of awareness and application of organizational knowledge management by academic librarians in University libraries in South-East Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted. The population comprised 175 academic librarians from ten public universities. The instrument used for data collection was questionnaire. Percentages and mean were used to answer the research questions while t-test was ...


Determinants Of Gluten-Free Diet Adoption Among Individuals Without Celiac Disease Or Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, Kristina Arslain, Christopher Gustafson, Pratiksha Baishya, Devin Rose Sep 2020

Determinants Of Gluten-Free Diet Adoption Among Individuals Without Celiac Disease Or Non-Celiac Gluten Sensitivity, Kristina Arslain, Christopher Gustafson, Pratiksha Baishya, Devin Rose

Faculty Publications: Agricultural Economics

Objectives: Gluten free (GF) foods are typically less nutritious and more expensive than their gluten-containing variants, yet people without a diagnosed gluten sensitivity continue to adopt this diet. There is a lack of research about what factors drive people without Celiac disease or non-Celiac gluten sensitivity to follow the GF diet. Methods: A nationally representative sample of 2982 US residents without a diagnosed gluten sensitivity were surveyed about their attitudes, perceptions, and experiences with the GF diet. Logistic regression was used to compare respondents who were currently avoiding or had avoided gluten previously (GF consumer) to respondents who had never ...


Law Library Blog (September 2020): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law Sep 2020

Law Library Blog (September 2020): Legal Beagle's Blog Archive, Roger Williams University School Of Law

Law Library Newsletters/Blog

No abstract provided.


Knowledge Sharing Practices Among Visually Impaired Students At Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India, Sufia Khowaja, Nishat Fatima Aug 2020

Knowledge Sharing Practices Among Visually Impaired Students At Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India, Sufia Khowaja, Nishat Fatima

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

The study is conducted with the purpose to determine the attitude, perception and the pattern of knowledge sharing among visually impaired students of Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. Appropriate pattern was formulated for data collection wherein schedule was used to gather data from 76 visually impaired students, the data so collected was analysed using SPSS (ver.23). The results formulated out of the analysis confirms that the visually impaired students consider knowledge sharing as a best practice as they frequently practicing it among their peer groups through various channels of communication e.g. audio material, URLs of websites, etc. The ...


Use Of Problem-Based Learning (Pbl) Model To Improve Learning Outcomes In Environmental Education, Indriyani Rachman, Chika Sugimaru, Toru Matsumoto Jul 2020

Use Of Problem-Based Learning (Pbl) Model To Improve Learning Outcomes In Environmental Education, Indriyani Rachman, Chika Sugimaru, Toru Matsumoto

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Wastewater and household trash have become serious problems in major Indonesian cities due to the lack of environmental education for children and society as a whole. This paper will examine the urban lifestyle and the processing of waste, followed by an analysis of problem-based learning (PBL) experiments in elementary schools in various cities. The analysis will be supplemented with a questionnaire distributed to the students before and after the PBL trial. The article aims to offer an alternative educational environment that will evoke maximum learning results. It has been prepared using cross-tabulation research methods for three groups: The first group ...


Decision-Making And Hydraulic Fracturing: The Case Of Local Policy Elites And The General Public In Arkansas And Oregon, Clayton Creed Tumlison Jul 2020

Decision-Making And Hydraulic Fracturing: The Case Of Local Policy Elites And The General Public In Arkansas And Oregon, Clayton Creed Tumlison

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the ways in which cultural value predispositions impact decision-making associated with hydraulic fracturing (fracking) among both local policy elites and the general public in Arkansas and Oregon. First, I examine the mediating role of (dis)trust in information provided by three groups associated with the fracking debate – the energy industry, environmental groups, and the government – in shaping benefit-risk perceptions associated with fracking, and compare this process between a sample of local policy elites and the general public in Arkansas and Oregon. Findings indicate that perceptions of trustworthiness are shaped by cultural value predispositions which, in turn, shape ...


Suicide Risk Assessment: An Evaluation Of Graduate Students With The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale, Savannah Hamilton Jun 2020

Suicide Risk Assessment: An Evaluation Of Graduate Students With The Columbia-Suicide Severity Rating Scale, Savannah Hamilton

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

The critical need for more sensitive suicide screening is highlighted by the fact that 75% of individuals who complete suicide has seen a health care provider within the previous 3 months (Graves et al., 2018). Additionally, health care providers play a crucial role in identifying patients who are at risk, but they often are not adequately trained. The current research project investigated the effectiveness of a risk assessment training to increase doctoral students’ general and applied knowledge in suicide risk assessment. The training was completed by a cohort of 23 first year doctoral students in the Graduate Psychology of Clinical ...


Librarians’ Perceptions And Knowledge Of The Use Of Whatsapp For The Enhancement Of Library Services In University Libraries In South- South, Nigeria, Gloria Ogheneghatowho Oyovwe-Tinuoye, Lucky Oji Akpojotor, Patrick Osaze Ijiekhuamhen May 2020

Librarians’ Perceptions And Knowledge Of The Use Of Whatsapp For The Enhancement Of Library Services In University Libraries In South- South, Nigeria, Gloria Ogheneghatowho Oyovwe-Tinuoye, Lucky Oji Akpojotor, Patrick Osaze Ijiekhuamhen

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study examined the librarians’ perceptions and knowledge of the use of WhatsApp for the enhancement of service in university libraries in South-South, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey design and a questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. Total enumeration (purposive sampling) technique was used to gather data from 169 librarians in 6 federal, 4 state and 3 private university libraries in South-South, Nigeria. This sample population size was considered appropriate because from the study the above mentioned institution uses WhatsApp in service delivery. However, only 141 librarians answered and returned the questionnaire at the specified time ...


Law School News: Dean's Distinguished Service Award: Raquel Ortiz 05-22-2020, Michael M. Bowden May 2020

Law School News: Dean's Distinguished Service Award: Raquel Ortiz 05-22-2020, Michael M. Bowden

Life of the Law School (1993- )

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Culturally-Tailored Education On Knowledge And Behavior Related To Screening And Lifestyle Management Of Blood Pressure In African Immigrants, Sarah Erskine May 2020

The Impact Of Culturally-Tailored Education On Knowledge And Behavior Related To Screening And Lifestyle Management Of Blood Pressure In African Immigrants, Sarah Erskine

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

The number of African Immigrants in the United States is increasing. The prevalence of hypertension among Blacks, including African Immigrants are high. In addition to the increased susceptibility to hypertension, lack of disease awareness and unhealthy lifestyle are documented barriers to achieving adequate blood pressure control. The purpose of this project was to determine the impact of implementing a 30-minute, culturally-tailored, evidence based educational session on hypertension to promote knowledge and initiate behavior change in African Immigrants. This was a descriptive, cross-sectional study. Blood pressures were measured and survey instruments such as the Hypertension Evaluation of Lifestyle and Management scale ...


The End Of Postcolonialism? Postcolonial Critiques Seen Through The Political Imaginary Of Sub-Groups In Jordan: Identity, Colonial Legacies, And Constructs For A Peaceful, Postcolonial Future, Marcus N. Slonaker Apr 2020

The End Of Postcolonialism? Postcolonial Critiques Seen Through The Political Imaginary Of Sub-Groups In Jordan: Identity, Colonial Legacies, And Constructs For A Peaceful, Postcolonial Future, Marcus N. Slonaker

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The aim of the present research is to discover the various components of postcolonial studies to the Jordanian and Middle Eastern context through a pseudo-ethnographic study of the political imaginaries of various sub-groups in Jordan—the youth, urban refugees, general citizenry, and tribal sheikhs. In so doing, this study will apply a recognition of the politics of knowledge production (fundamental to postcolonialism) and of the worth of understanding cultures on their own terms (fundamental to anthropology) to uncover the understandings Jordanians and their neighbors have of the political circumstances which affect them. Based on key themes of the Geopolitics, International ...


College Student Perceptions Of Adhd: Links Between Prior Knowledge And Stigma, Caterina Langlois Apr 2020

College Student Perceptions Of Adhd: Links Between Prior Knowledge And Stigma, Caterina Langlois

Senior Honors Theses

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized by persistent inattention, which might or might not accompany hyperactivity and impulsivity, that noticeably interferes with functioning and development in at least two settings. It is a commonly diagnosed childhood mental health disorder. Public knowledge and attitudes towards ADHD are an important consideration for those who are going to potentially be working with that population. Research has shown older children and parents may attribute ADHD behavior to poor social skills or immaturity. Teachers often report feeling unprepared to have a student with ADHD and would like more training. Some research has shown the ...


Understanding And Identifying The Knowledge And Attitudes Of High School Coaches On Sport-Related Concussions, Marc A. Mortellaro Mar 2020

Understanding And Identifying The Knowledge And Attitudes Of High School Coaches On Sport-Related Concussions, Marc A. Mortellaro

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Background and Purpose of the Study: Sport-related concussions are a major public health issue, particularly so in the setting of sports. Sports dominate American culture and with millions of athletes of all ages participating in these sports these athletes predispose themselves to the risks of sport-related concussions. High-school athletes are of particular interest because of the heightened risks of long-term consequences and of particular note second impact syndrome, which is a catastrophic injury primarily reported in the adolescent aged athlete. Appropriate concussion assessment and management is necessary for reducing the possibility of these long- term effects of concussions. Properly trained ...