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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

'The Closet Of The Third Person'; Susan Sontag, Sexual Dissidence, And Celebrity, Guy R. Davidson Dec 2011

'The Closet Of The Third Person'; Susan Sontag, Sexual Dissidence, And Celebrity, Guy R. Davidson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this essay I argue that the tension between Susan Sontag's status as a postmodern celebrity and her devotion to the modernist cult of impersonality may be productively related to her sexuality. Beginning with her famous essay ‘Notes of Camp’ (1964), Sontag aligned herself (somewhat uneasily) with metropolitan gay culture. On the other hand, Sontag was one of the most famous undeclared lesbians in recent history. While she largely eschewed life writing, her fiction, essays, and interviews have often been read by critics for their autobiographical resonances. I extend this critical tendency by attending to the articulation and elision ...


Is A Us Marine Base In Darwin Really A Good Idea?, Anthony Ashbolt Nov 2011

Is A Us Marine Base In Darwin Really A Good Idea?, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The American alliance is simply too costly for Australia both in terms of human lives and international relations. While our political leaders prattle on about “getting the job done”, an Orwellian nightmare persists in Afghanistan and the police we train torture detainees and are deeply enmeshed in the drug trade, the troops we train turn into Taliban and the Government we prop up is no better, in moral or philosophical terms, than its enemy in the field.

The American Century is well and truly over and it is time to forge new associations and to think not in terms of ...


Dietary Shiitake Mushroom (Lentinus Edodes) Prevents Fat Deposition And Lowers Triglyceride In Rats Fed A High-Fat Diet, D Handayani, J-Z Chen, Barbara J. Meyer, Xu-Feng Huang Oct 2011

Dietary Shiitake Mushroom (Lentinus Edodes) Prevents Fat Deposition And Lowers Triglyceride In Rats Fed A High-Fat Diet, D Handayani, J-Z Chen, Barbara J. Meyer, Xu-Feng Huang

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

High-fat diet (HFD) induces obesity. This study examined the effects of Shiitake mushroom on the prevention of alterations of plasma lipid profiles, fat deposition, energy efficiency, and body fat index induced by HFD. Rats were given a low, medium, and high (7, 20, 60 g/kg = LD-M, MD-M, HD-M) Shiitake mushroom powder in their high-fat (50% in kcal) diets for 6 weeks. The results showed that the rats on the HD-M diet had the lowest body weight gain compared to MD-M and LD-M groups (P < 0.05). The total fat deposition was significantly lower (-35%, P < 0.05) in rats fed an HD-M diet than that of HFD group. Interestingly, plasma triacylglycerol (TAG) level was significantly lower (-55%, P < 0.05) in rats on HD-M than HFD. This study also revealed the existence of negative correlations between the amount of Shiitake mushroom supplementation and body weight gain, plasma TAG, and total fat masses.


Developing Our Careers, Transforming Ourselves: The Uow New Professionals Network, Kristy Newton, Jennifer Mclean, Kimberley Williams, Amy Hardy, Melanie Thompson Sep 2011

Developing Our Careers, Transforming Ourselves: The Uow New Professionals Network, Kristy Newton, Jennifer Mclean, Kimberley Williams, Amy Hardy, Melanie Thompson

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

The New Professionals Network was formed in response to an emerging awareness of the desire for peer to peer support at the University of Wollongong Library, particularly among new and recently graduated professionals. The purpose of the Network is to provide a space for staff in the first five years of their careers to discuss professional development issues, facilitate experience and knowledge sharing, and develop effective communication skills through articulating their experiences and opinions. As the Network has evolved, it has served as a valuable tool for personal and professional metamorphosis. Members report a higher level of professional confidence, a ...


Public Education And The Public Good, Anthony Ashbolt Mar 2011

Public Education And The Public Good, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

When Julia Gillard became Minister for Education and Everything Else That Moves, as well as de facto Prime Minister, she expressed a desire to have a conversation about school funding. This politics of inclusion (social inclusion is one of her many portfolios after all) was short-lived and it became clear that conversation was code for acceptance of the status quo. So Julia went off and had a conversation of her own with utopian dreamers whose vision of the good society revolves around testing regimes, job credentialism, disciplinary control of schools (particularly teachers), and whose heights of ecstasy are only achieved ...


Rethinking Reusability: Implications From A Longitudinal Study Of Online Role Play In Australian Higher Education, Sandra Wills Feb 2011

Rethinking Reusability: Implications From A Longitudinal Study Of Online Role Play In Australian Higher Education, Sandra Wills

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

In a study about designing “reusable e-learning activities”, the author used online role play as a containable, but pedagogically rich, sample. 53 online role plays in Australian higher education were identified and tracked between 1990 and 2006 (Wills, 2010). As a result of interviews and surveys, it was calculated that 45 role plays were a reuse of another role play, demonstrating that the topic of reusability is an important one in higher education.

However, there were only eight instances of reuse of the same role play itself (18%). Predictably these eight instances were a reuse within the same discipline. Meanwhile ...


Source S Of Inter-Learner Variation In The Ba Construction, Xiaoping Gao Jan 2011

Source S Of Inter-Learner Variation In The Ba Construction, Xiaoping Gao

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Variability in interlanguage has received growing attention in SLA. However, the variation and its sources in the interlanguage of L2 Chinese remain under-researched. This study investigated sources of inter-learner variation in the use of the ba construction (BC) by English and Korean speaking learners of L2 Chinese. A total of 110 adult learners were examined both in New Zealand and in China, with 22 native speakers of Chinese as control. A battery of three tasks (i.e., an oral production task prompted by video clips, an oral imitation task, and an untimed grammaticality judgement task conducted orally) was used to ...


The Bush And The Garden In The Writing Of Drusilla Modjeska And Kate Llewellyn, Elizabeth Hicks Jan 2011

The Bush And The Garden In The Writing Of Drusilla Modjeska And Kate Llewellyn, Elizabeth Hicks

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Through the gardens depicted in their Blue Mountains texts of the 1980s and 1990s, Australian writers Drusilla Modjeska and Kate Llewellyn forge a feminist aesthetic in which the binaries of nature/culture, male/female and bush/city co-exist. These texts depict Australia as a nation that no longer looks predominantly to Britain but is a hybrid and transcultural entity which embraces its rich migrant experience.


Contesting Civilizations: Literature Of Australia In Japan And Singapore, Alison E. Broinowski Jan 2011

Contesting Civilizations: Literature Of Australia In Japan And Singapore, Alison E. Broinowski

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Australia and Japa n emerged simultaneously as modernizing states in a shared region, and Singapore joined them in the 1960s. Interaction between Australia and Japan is more than 150 years old, while its Australia/Singapore counterpart is much more recent. But mutual perceptions appear in both cases to be characterized by concerns about cultural superiority or inferiority, and by complex contests over the deference due to civilizations. Here, I will trace the workings of civilizational contestation in Australian, Japanese and Singaporean fiction.


Physical Cinema: Practitioners And Recent Practice, Michael G. Leggett Jan 2011

Physical Cinema: Practitioners And Recent Practice, Michael G. Leggett

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Physical theatre, Live Art and Cinema have through performer and filmmaker established a vigorous practice in recent years, challenging the confines of more traditional art forms. Practitioners have come together with audiences to create between them a physical cinema converging as a series of spatial modes.This paper will outline some recent developments in this interdisciplinary field.


Unreal Estate, Lucas M. Ihlein Jan 2011

Unreal Estate, Lucas M. Ihlein

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

[extract] ZINNY: Can you tell us a bit about the real estate beauties you have advertised? What impact does it have on the city, these buildings being left empty for so long? DIEGO: SquatSpace has concerned itself with the polincs of space from the start, and in some ways the topic is what defines the group's trajectory. UnReal Estate is yet another playful look at the loop holes: buildings are left abandoned for speculation purposes, creating focus areas for urban renewals, while at the same time denying living possibilities.


4 Poems Published In "Australian Poetry Since 1788", Alan R. Wearne Jan 2011

4 Poems Published In "Australian Poetry Since 1788", Alan R. Wearne

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Alan Wearne was born and grew up in Melbourne. He became friendly with Laurie Duggan and John Scott at Monash University, where he studied history, which he describes as his only intellectual love. He hosted "Conversations with a Dead Poet" (1999) a television documentary about his friend, John Forbes. A supporter of Essendon, the Australian Rules football club, since 1954 he helped found the Nunawading District Junior Football League and has published a prose satire about Melbourne's Australian Rules culture. He now teaches creative writing at the University of Wollongong, living part of the year in Wollongong and part ...


Market Mechanisms, Ecological Sustainability And Equity, Sharon Beder Jan 2011

Market Mechanisms, Ecological Sustainability And Equity, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Economists are commonly asked for advice on environmental policy. In Australia, for example, it was economist Ross Garnaut who was asked to prepare the major report on climate change policy. Not surprisingly, economists tend to advocate market mechanisms to achieve environmental protection. But can market mechanisms aim to maximise economic efficiency rather than environmental effectiveness or equity.


Japan's Queer Cultures, Mark J. Mclelland Jan 2011

Japan's Queer Cultures, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

When reflecting on the history of “queer” or non-normative, non-heterosexual sexual relations in the Japanese context, it is important to consider that same-sex sexuality, particularly as practiced between men, has only comparatively recently come to be considered unusual and been consigned to the pathological side of a “normal”/”abnormal” divide. During the Edo period (1603-1867) there was no normative connection made between gender and sexual preference because all men, whether samurai, priest or commoner were able to engage in both same- and opposite-sex affairs. At the time, men’s same-sex relationships were governed by a code of ethics described as ...


Contemporary Korean Cinema: Challenges And The Transformation Of ‘Planet Hallyuwood’, Brian Yecies, Ae-Gyung Shim Jan 2011

Contemporary Korean Cinema: Challenges And The Transformation Of ‘Planet Hallyuwood’, Brian Yecies, Ae-Gyung Shim

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This article examines how the South Korean cinema has undergone a transformation from an ‘antiquated cottage industry’ in the 1980s into a thriving international cinema – albeit with a host of new challenges and tensions – in the ‘post-boom’ years of the 2000s right up to the present. Its analysis of film culture in the 1980s sets the stage for the Korean cinema’s transnational development over the last decade, and points to a longer historical continuum involving the ‘re-emergence’ in the 1980s of a ‘cinema of quality’ that was marked by widespread critical acclaim. Additionally, this article canvasses the key issues ...


Tiny Leaf Men And Other Tales From Outer Suburbia: Re-Presenting The Suburb In Australian Children's Literature, Kelly E. Oliver Jan 2011

Tiny Leaf Men And Other Tales From Outer Suburbia: Re-Presenting The Suburb In Australian Children's Literature, Kelly E. Oliver

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores how, through word and image, Tan’s Tales From Outer Suburbia challenges stereotypical representations of the suburban. Typically, suburban spaces have been represented as aesthetically bland, mundane, and ornamental. Tan takes these tropes and ironically re-deploys them anew, and in doing so undermines anti-suburban sentiment, which has dominated Australian literary and popular culture.

Although the notion of anti-suburbanism in Australian fiction has been well documented, its presence in children’s literature has received far less attention. As a case study, Tales From Outer Suburbia, signals the ability of children’s literature to present more positive representations of ...


Delaying Repatriation: Japanese Technicians In Early Post War China, Rowena G. Ward Jan 2011

Delaying Repatriation: Japanese Technicians In Early Post War China, Rowena G. Ward

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Research on the Japanese living in Manchukuo in August 1945 has generally fostered the assumption that all Japanese there wanted to return to Japan as soon as possible. Yet, some made the conscious and voluntary decision to stay, at least for the short to medium term. Among those who chose to delay repatriation were a number of technicians employed by Mantetsu’s (South Manchurian Railroad Company) Ch¯uo Shikenjo. This paper looks at the political and personal realities faced by these technicians when making their decisions as whether to stay or leave in terms of the concepts of voluntary and ...


The Art And Craft Of Radio Documentary: Some Australian Accents., Siobhan A. Mchugh Jan 2011

The Art And Craft Of Radio Documentary: Some Australian Accents., Siobhan A. Mchugh

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Archive Fever In A Typingspace: Physicality, Digital Storage, And The Online Presence Of Derek Motion, Sally Evans Jan 2011

Archive Fever In A Typingspace: Physicality, Digital Storage, And The Online Presence Of Derek Motion, Sally Evans

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper analyses the divergences between Derrida's notion of the archive and hypermedia theory as it emerges in the late twentieth century through the writings of George P. Landow. The online presence of Australian poet Derek Motion is examined in order to demonstrate the distinction between the physicalised archive and the virtual electronic space of hypertexts, and to explicate some of the issues of legitimacy that exist around electronic texts.


Radical Uncertainty: Judith Butler And A Theory Of Character, Shady E. Cosgrove Jan 2011

Radical Uncertainty: Judith Butler And A Theory Of Character, Shady E. Cosgrove

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper will develop a theory of character based on Judith Butler's ideas of subjectivity and gender construction. It will summarise Butler's position and explore the practicalities of reading realist characters as performative repetitions. Then, it will discuss Butler's notion of agency and the subversive repetition, and how realist characters can demonstrate the radical uncertainty inherent in Butler's notion of agency s specifically when texts are rewritten in such a way that characters `question' their `original' depictions. The example of interest here will be Jean Rhys's Wide Sargasso Sea in relation to Charlotte Bronte's ...


David Haines And Joyce Hinterding - A Radiostation From The Sun, Su Ballard Jan 2011

David Haines And Joyce Hinterding - A Radiostation From The Sun, Su Ballard

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

As part of Energetics and Informatics The 6th ADA Network Symposium in Whanganui December 2010, I organised for the Sargeant Gallery to present a new work Ozinal (2010) (a radio station from the sun) by Joyce Hinterding and David Haines.

Ozinal makes a gallery sound differently. An ultrasound speaker high on a wall focuses tympanic sounds recorded from the sun into a single beam. Like a light ray caught between clouds the beam of noise is reflected bouncing across the ear drum of the gallery. Slowly those fragments become dissipated, and realise curatorial fears as they begin to invade the ...


At Wentworth Falls, Phillip Hall Jan 2011

At Wentworth Falls, Phillip Hall

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Radio Narrative: Considerations On Form And Aesthetic, Siobhan Mchugh Jan 2011

Radio Narrative: Considerations On Form And Aesthetic, Siobhan Mchugh

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Transnational (Il)Literacies: Reading The "New Chinese Literature In Australia" In China, Wenche Ommundsen Jan 2011

Transnational (Il)Literacies: Reading The "New Chinese Literature In Australia" In China, Wenche Ommundsen

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

THE TRANSNATIONAL "TURN" IN AUSTRALIAN LITERARY studies was the subject of lively critical debate at the time my colleagues Alison Broinowski, Paul Sharrad and I in 2008 embarked on the ARC-supported project "Globalising Australian literature: Asian Australian writing, Asian perspectives on Australian literature." Robert Dixon's 2007 essay "Australian Literature - International Contexts" charted the development of Australian literary studies from the cultural nationalist phase of the early years through to "the inter- or trans-national perspectives that have emerged in a number of humanities disciplines since the 1990s", and outlined his proposal of a research agenda for "a transnational practice of ...


Corporate Discourse On Climate Change, Sharon Beder Jan 2011

Corporate Discourse On Climate Change, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Corporations seek to manage democracies to suit their own interests through the exercise of persuasion, propaganda, political influence and financial power. This is particularly evident when corporate interests conflict with the public interest, as is the case with environmental protection. Effective government measures to avoid global warming have been thwarted for three decades as a result of corporate efforts. Corporations have sought to undermine public pressure for government action by casting doubt on global warming predictions by funding and promoting dissident scientists, front groups and think tanks. They have diverted blame from themselves in industry-sponsored educational materials. They have ensured ...


Merleau-Ponty And The Affective Maternal-Foetal Relation, Jane M. Lymer Jan 2011

Merleau-Ponty And The Affective Maternal-Foetal Relation, Jane M. Lymer

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The belief that the emotional state of the mother can impact upon her child’s development during pregnancy is long held and cross cultural. Yet within many developed nations the possibility of a maternal-foetal relation or communication has been poorly understood and not often researched. Recently however it has been found that many maternal affective states such as depression, stress, and anxiety have negative outcomes for foetal development and flourishing.

Consequently, within the contemporary literature there has been the beginning of a shift in thinking, and in some instances a call for more research, into the nature of this suspected ...


The Flip Side: Women In The Redex Around Australia Reliability Trials Of The 1950s, Georgine W. Clarsen Jan 2011

The Flip Side: Women In The Redex Around Australia Reliability Trials Of The 1950s, Georgine W. Clarsen

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In August 1953 almost 200 cars set off from the Sydney Showgrounds in what popular motoring histories have called the biggest, toughest, most ambitious, demanding, ‘no-holds-barred’ race, which ‘caught the public imagination’ and ‘fuelled the nation with excitement’.1 It was the first Redex Around Australia Reliability Trial and organisers claimed it would be more testing than the famous Monte Carlo Rally through Europe and was the longest and most challenging motoring event since the New York-to-Paris race of 1908.2 That 1953 field circuited the eastern half of the continent, travelling north via Brisbane, Mt Isa and Darwin, passing ...


Anti-Representationalism: Not A Well-Founded Theory Of Cognition, Michael Kirchhoff Jan 2011

Anti-Representationalism: Not A Well-Founded Theory Of Cognition, Michael Kirchhoff

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This article argues for the conclusion that anti-representationalism in the cognitivesciences is not a well-founded theory of cognition. This conclusion is supported by the observationthat the link between the sceptical demonstrations and the anti-representational conclusion is tooweak for the demonstrations to justify anti-representationalism in general. Rather than denying theneed for internal representation, this article aim to establish that representational explanation -reconstructed within a dynamical agent-environment characterization - serves a necessary epistemicand ontological aim: It enables us to demarcate activities that presuppose intentionality andbehavioral autonomy from activities that are merely reactive and situation-determined.


Science Fiction, Cultural Knowledge And Rationality: How Stem Cell Researchers Talk About Reproductive Cloning, Nicola J. Marks Jan 2011

Science Fiction, Cultural Knowledge And Rationality: How Stem Cell Researchers Talk About Reproductive Cloning, Nicola J. Marks

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Laž I Liberalna Demokracija (Lies And Liberal Democracy), David I. Simpson Jan 2011

Laž I Liberalna Demokracija (Lies And Liberal Democracy), David I. Simpson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The relationship of morality and politics is an unavoidable problem for philosophers, political thinkers, politicians, and ordinary citizens. This issue is particularly topical in our time, when the dramatic developments in domestic and international policy put to the test of moral principles which should guide and organicavati political activity, and our trust in politicians often greatly undermined the statements and actions of politicians themselves,