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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

'The Closet Of The Third Person'; Susan Sontag, Sexual Dissidence, And Celebrity, Guy R. Davidson Dec 2011

'The Closet Of The Third Person'; Susan Sontag, Sexual Dissidence, And Celebrity, Guy R. Davidson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this essay I argue that the tension between Susan Sontag's status as a postmodern celebrity and her devotion to the modernist cult of impersonality may be productively related to her sexuality. Beginning with her famous essay ‘Notes of Camp’ (1964), Sontag aligned herself (somewhat uneasily) with metropolitan gay culture. On the other hand, Sontag was one of the most famous undeclared lesbians in recent history. While she largely eschewed life writing, her fiction, essays, and interviews have often been read by critics for their autobiographical resonances. I extend this critical tendency by attending to the articulation and elision ...


Is A Us Marine Base In Darwin Really A Good Idea?, Anthony Ashbolt Nov 2011

Is A Us Marine Base In Darwin Really A Good Idea?, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The American alliance is simply too costly for Australia both in terms of human lives and international relations. While our political leaders prattle on about “getting the job done”, an Orwellian nightmare persists in Afghanistan and the police we train torture detainees and are deeply enmeshed in the drug trade, the troops we train turn into Taliban and the Government we prop up is no better, in moral or philosophical terms, than its enemy in the field.

The American Century is well and truly over and it is time to forge new associations and to think not in terms of ...


Public Education And The Public Good, Anthony Ashbolt Mar 2011

Public Education And The Public Good, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

When Julia Gillard became Minister for Education and Everything Else That Moves, as well as de facto Prime Minister, she expressed a desire to have a conversation about school funding. This politics of inclusion (social inclusion is one of her many portfolios after all) was short-lived and it became clear that conversation was code for acceptance of the status quo. So Julia went off and had a conversation of her own with utopian dreamers whose vision of the good society revolves around testing regimes, job credentialism, disciplinary control of schools (particularly teachers), and whose heights of ecstasy are only achieved ...


Source S Of Inter-Learner Variation In The Ba Construction, Xiaoping Gao Jan 2011

Source S Of Inter-Learner Variation In The Ba Construction, Xiaoping Gao

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Variability in interlanguage has received growing attention in SLA. However, the variation and its sources in the interlanguage of L2 Chinese remain under-researched. This study investigated sources of inter-learner variation in the use of the ba construction (BC) by English and Korean speaking learners of L2 Chinese. A total of 110 adult learners were examined both in New Zealand and in China, with 22 native speakers of Chinese as control. A battery of three tasks (i.e., an oral production task prompted by video clips, an oral imitation task, and an untimed grammaticality judgement task conducted orally) was used to ...


The Bush And The Garden In The Writing Of Drusilla Modjeska And Kate Llewellyn, Elizabeth Hicks Jan 2011

The Bush And The Garden In The Writing Of Drusilla Modjeska And Kate Llewellyn, Elizabeth Hicks

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Through the gardens depicted in their Blue Mountains texts of the 1980s and 1990s, Australian writers Drusilla Modjeska and Kate Llewellyn forge a feminist aesthetic in which the binaries of nature/culture, male/female and bush/city co-exist. These texts depict Australia as a nation that no longer looks predominantly to Britain but is a hybrid and transcultural entity which embraces its rich migrant experience.


Contesting Civilizations: Literature Of Australia In Japan And Singapore, Alison E. Broinowski Jan 2011

Contesting Civilizations: Literature Of Australia In Japan And Singapore, Alison E. Broinowski

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Australia and Japa n emerged simultaneously as modernizing states in a shared region, and Singapore joined them in the 1960s. Interaction between Australia and Japan is more than 150 years old, while its Australia/Singapore counterpart is much more recent. But mutual perceptions appear in both cases to be characterized by concerns about cultural superiority or inferiority, and by complex contests over the deference due to civilizations. Here, I will trace the workings of civilizational contestation in Australian, Japanese and Singaporean fiction.


Market Mechanisms, Ecological Sustainability And Equity, Sharon Beder Jan 2011

Market Mechanisms, Ecological Sustainability And Equity, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Economists are commonly asked for advice on environmental policy. In Australia, for example, it was economist Ross Garnaut who was asked to prepare the major report on climate change policy. Not surprisingly, economists tend to advocate market mechanisms to achieve environmental protection. But can market mechanisms aim to maximise economic efficiency rather than environmental effectiveness or equity.


Japan's Queer Cultures, Mark J. Mclelland Jan 2011

Japan's Queer Cultures, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

When reflecting on the history of “queer” or non-normative, non-heterosexual sexual relations in the Japanese context, it is important to consider that same-sex sexuality, particularly as practiced between men, has only comparatively recently come to be considered unusual and been consigned to the pathological side of a “normal”/”abnormal” divide. During the Edo period (1603-1867) there was no normative connection made between gender and sexual preference because all men, whether samurai, priest or commoner were able to engage in both same- and opposite-sex affairs. At the time, men’s same-sex relationships were governed by a code of ethics described as ...


Contemporary Korean Cinema: Challenges And The Transformation Of ‘Planet Hallyuwood’, Brian Yecies, Ae-Gyung Shim Jan 2011

Contemporary Korean Cinema: Challenges And The Transformation Of ‘Planet Hallyuwood’, Brian Yecies, Ae-Gyung Shim

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This article examines how the South Korean cinema has undergone a transformation from an ‘antiquated cottage industry’ in the 1980s into a thriving international cinema – albeit with a host of new challenges and tensions – in the ‘post-boom’ years of the 2000s right up to the present. Its analysis of film culture in the 1980s sets the stage for the Korean cinema’s transnational development over the last decade, and points to a longer historical continuum involving the ‘re-emergence’ in the 1980s of a ‘cinema of quality’ that was marked by widespread critical acclaim. Additionally, this article canvasses the key issues ...


Tiny Leaf Men And Other Tales From Outer Suburbia: Re-Presenting The Suburb In Australian Children's Literature, Kelly E. Oliver Jan 2011

Tiny Leaf Men And Other Tales From Outer Suburbia: Re-Presenting The Suburb In Australian Children's Literature, Kelly E. Oliver

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores how, through word and image, Tan’s Tales From Outer Suburbia challenges stereotypical representations of the suburban. Typically, suburban spaces have been represented as aesthetically bland, mundane, and ornamental. Tan takes these tropes and ironically re-deploys them anew, and in doing so undermines anti-suburban sentiment, which has dominated Australian literary and popular culture.

Although the notion of anti-suburbanism in Australian fiction has been well documented, its presence in children’s literature has received far less attention. As a case study, Tales From Outer Suburbia, signals the ability of children’s literature to present more positive representations of ...


Delaying Repatriation: Japanese Technicians In Early Post War China, Rowena G. Ward Jan 2011

Delaying Repatriation: Japanese Technicians In Early Post War China, Rowena G. Ward

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Research on the Japanese living in Manchukuo in August 1945 has generally fostered the assumption that all Japanese there wanted to return to Japan as soon as possible. Yet, some made the conscious and voluntary decision to stay, at least for the short to medium term. Among those who chose to delay repatriation were a number of technicians employed by Mantetsu’s (South Manchurian Railroad Company) Ch¯uo Shikenjo. This paper looks at the political and personal realities faced by these technicians when making their decisions as whether to stay or leave in terms of the concepts of voluntary and ...


Transnational (Il)Literacies: Reading The "New Chinese Literature In Australia" In China, Wenche Ommundsen Jan 2011

Transnational (Il)Literacies: Reading The "New Chinese Literature In Australia" In China, Wenche Ommundsen

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

THE TRANSNATIONAL "TURN" IN AUSTRALIAN LITERARY studies was the subject of lively critical debate at the time my colleagues Alison Broinowski, Paul Sharrad and I in 2008 embarked on the ARC-supported project "Globalising Australian literature: Asian Australian writing, Asian perspectives on Australian literature." Robert Dixon's 2007 essay "Australian Literature - International Contexts" charted the development of Australian literary studies from the cultural nationalist phase of the early years through to "the inter- or trans-national perspectives that have emerged in a number of humanities disciplines since the 1990s", and outlined his proposal of a research agenda for "a transnational practice of ...


Corporate Discourse On Climate Change, Sharon Beder Jan 2011

Corporate Discourse On Climate Change, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Corporations seek to manage democracies to suit their own interests through the exercise of persuasion, propaganda, political influence and financial power. This is particularly evident when corporate interests conflict with the public interest, as is the case with environmental protection. Effective government measures to avoid global warming have been thwarted for three decades as a result of corporate efforts. Corporations have sought to undermine public pressure for government action by casting doubt on global warming predictions by funding and promoting dissident scientists, front groups and think tanks. They have diverted blame from themselves in industry-sponsored educational materials. They have ensured ...


Merleau-Ponty And The Affective Maternal-Foetal Relation, Jane M. Lymer Jan 2011

Merleau-Ponty And The Affective Maternal-Foetal Relation, Jane M. Lymer

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The belief that the emotional state of the mother can impact upon her child’s development during pregnancy is long held and cross cultural. Yet within many developed nations the possibility of a maternal-foetal relation or communication has been poorly understood and not often researched. Recently however it has been found that many maternal affective states such as depression, stress, and anxiety have negative outcomes for foetal development and flourishing.

Consequently, within the contemporary literature there has been the beginning of a shift in thinking, and in some instances a call for more research, into the nature of this suspected ...


The Flip Side: Women In The Redex Around Australia Reliability Trials Of The 1950s, Georgine W. Clarsen Jan 2011

The Flip Side: Women In The Redex Around Australia Reliability Trials Of The 1950s, Georgine W. Clarsen

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In August 1953 almost 200 cars set off from the Sydney Showgrounds in what popular motoring histories have called the biggest, toughest, most ambitious, demanding, ‘no-holds-barred’ race, which ‘caught the public imagination’ and ‘fuelled the nation with excitement’.1 It was the first Redex Around Australia Reliability Trial and organisers claimed it would be more testing than the famous Monte Carlo Rally through Europe and was the longest and most challenging motoring event since the New York-to-Paris race of 1908.2 That 1953 field circuited the eastern half of the continent, travelling north via Brisbane, Mt Isa and Darwin, passing ...


Anti-Representationalism: Not A Well-Founded Theory Of Cognition, Michael Kirchhoff Jan 2011

Anti-Representationalism: Not A Well-Founded Theory Of Cognition, Michael Kirchhoff

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This article argues for the conclusion that anti-representationalism in the cognitivesciences is not a well-founded theory of cognition. This conclusion is supported by the observationthat the link between the sceptical demonstrations and the anti-representational conclusion is tooweak for the demonstrations to justify anti-representationalism in general. Rather than denying theneed for internal representation, this article aim to establish that representational explanation -reconstructed within a dynamical agent-environment characterization - serves a necessary epistemicand ontological aim: It enables us to demarcate activities that presuppose intentionality andbehavioral autonomy from activities that are merely reactive and situation-determined.


Science Fiction, Cultural Knowledge And Rationality: How Stem Cell Researchers Talk About Reproductive Cloning, Nicola J. Marks Jan 2011

Science Fiction, Cultural Knowledge And Rationality: How Stem Cell Researchers Talk About Reproductive Cloning, Nicola J. Marks

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Laž I Liberalna Demokracija (Lies And Liberal Democracy), David I. Simpson Jan 2011

Laž I Liberalna Demokracija (Lies And Liberal Democracy), David I. Simpson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The relationship of morality and politics is an unavoidable problem for philosophers, political thinkers, politicians, and ordinary citizens. This issue is particularly topical in our time, when the dramatic developments in domestic and international policy put to the test of moral principles which should guide and organicavati political activity, and our trust in politicians often greatly undermined the statements and actions of politicians themselves,


Review Of Hasan, Ruqaiya [J. Webster, Ed.], Semantic Variation: Meaning In Society And Sociolinguistics (The Collected Works Of Ruqaiya Hasan, Vol. 2), Claire Scott Jan 2011

Review Of Hasan, Ruqaiya [J. Webster, Ed.], Semantic Variation: Meaning In Society And Sociolinguistics (The Collected Works Of Ruqaiya Hasan, Vol. 2), Claire Scott

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The prolific and influential writings of Emeritus Professor Ruqaiya Hasan over more than three decades have been very significant in the field of systemic functional linguistics and beyond, particularly in the areas of research concerned with child language development, cohesion and stylistics, semantics, and context. Her papers are now being collected together in a series of volumes commendably edited by Jonathan Webster (who also edited the recent ten volume series of the Collected Works of M. A. K. Halliday published by Continuum). Semantic Variation: Meaning in Society and in Sociolinguistics is the second volume in this seven volume series (volumes ...


Environmental Economics And Ecological Economics: The Contribution Of Interdisciplinarity To Understanding, Influence And Effectiveness, Sharon Beder Jan 2011

Environmental Economics And Ecological Economics: The Contribution Of Interdisciplinarity To Understanding, Influence And Effectiveness, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper reviews developments in both environmental economics and ecological economics with respect to their progress towards environmental interdisciplinarity and towards providing solutions to environmental problems. The concepts, methods, theories and assumptions of each field of knowledge are reviewed and the extent to which they depart from the dominant neoclassical paradigm of economics is assessed. The contribution that interdisciplinarity has made to the success of each field is analysed in terms of understanding, influence and effectiveness and the constraints that it has imposed upon that success. Environmental economics has adopted the dominant economic neoclassical paradigm, including the power of the ...


Halliday's Model Of Register Revisited And Explored, Annabelle Lukin, Alison R. Moore, Maria Herke, Rebekah Wegener, Canzhong Wu Jan 2011

Halliday's Model Of Register Revisited And Explored, Annabelle Lukin, Alison R. Moore, Maria Herke, Rebekah Wegener, Canzhong Wu

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Halliday’s description of register as ‘a variety of language, corresponding to a variety of situation’, with situation interpreted ‘by means of a conceptual framework using the terms “field”, “tenor” and “mode”’ (Halliday, 1985/89: 29, 38) is revisited to reflect on the theoretical work the term ‘register’ does within the SFL paradigm. In doing so, we recognize that the concepts of a linguistic theory are ‘ineffable’ (Halliday, 2002 [1988]); i.e. that ‘providing definitions of a theoretical term ... requires that it be posi- tioned vis-à-vis other concepts in the theory’ (Hasan, 2004: 16). It follows that chang- ing the ...


Embodied Memories, Emotional Geographies: Nakamoto Takako's Diary Of The Anpo Struggle, Vera Mackie Jan 2011

Embodied Memories, Emotional Geographies: Nakamoto Takako's Diary Of The Anpo Struggle, Vera Mackie

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this article I carry out a close reading of Nakamoto Takako's book, My Diary of the Anpo Struggle (1963). Nakamoto was a writer and activist who was active in leftwing politics, the labour movement and the proletarian literature movement in the 1920s and 1930s and returned to the movement after 1945. Her published diary recounts her participation in the struggle against the renewal of the US-Japan Security Treaty and her other political activities. The book is a mixture of personal memory and political history and provides us with a distinctive ‘map’ of one person's emotional geography of ...


Desire And Ethics, Ian M. Buchanan Jan 2011

Desire And Ethics, Ian M. Buchanan

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper argues that it is problematic for the future of Deleuze studies that it is difficult if not impossible to answer the question `what is the right thing to do?' from a Deleuzian perspective. It then argues that one of the key reasons Deleuze studies has made limited progress in this area is its over-emphasis on desire and the corresponding tendency to extrapolate 'ought' from 'is', which as Hume showed is a category mistake. It proposes that to develop a workable ethical discourse from Deleuze's work we need to rethink how we read his work and approach it ...


America, The Forbidden Fruit: Anti-American Sentiment In "Robbery Under Arms", James Dahlstrom Jan 2011

America, The Forbidden Fruit: Anti-American Sentiment In "Robbery Under Arms", James Dahlstrom

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

While anti-America n sentiment and questions of Americanization in Australian Literature emerged in earnest after World War II (Mosler and Catley 26–7), historical research suggests that Australians have had a love–hate relationship with Americans since the establishment of the first colonies.


Debating Vaccination: Understanding The Attack On The Australian Vaccination Network, Brian Martin Jan 2011

Debating Vaccination: Understanding The Attack On The Australian Vaccination Network, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The Australian Vaccination Network (AVN), a citizen group advocating parental choice in whether children should be vaccinated, has come under an extraordinary attack by advocates of vaccination. Controversies over vaccination involve both disagreements about scientific matters, such as the effectiveness of vaccination to prevent disease, and clashes of values, including compulsion versus free choice. To help understand the attack on the AVN, I give an overview of the nature of scientific controversies, including the roles of evidence, vested interests, solutions, paradigms and methods of debate. I analyse a formal complaint against the AVN to highlight the assumptions underlying the anti-AVN ...


Supporting Interaction And Collaboration In The Language Classroom Through Computer Mediated Communication, Mariolina Pais Marden, Jan Herrington Jan 2011

Supporting Interaction And Collaboration In The Language Classroom Through Computer Mediated Communication, Mariolina Pais Marden, Jan Herrington

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper describes the design and implementation of a technology supported learning environment that enabled interaction and collaboration between a group of sixteen intermediate and advanced level university students of Italian and a group of seven Italian native speaker facilitators. For one semester students and facilitators worked together to complete two authentic tasks and interacted with each other through the communication tools and resources of an online learning management system. These resources included both asynchronous and synchronous communication tools such as an online threaded class discussion forum, a group discussion forum, chat and email. This paper discusses the theoretical underpinnings ...


Tales Of The City, Vera C. Mackie Jan 2011

Tales Of The City, Vera C. Mackie

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Every day millions of people pass through Shinjuku Station, the massive transport hub in Western Toyko, transferring between public and private railways, subways and bus lines. In the underground passageway near the western exit is a ten-metre-wide acrylic sculpture, known as 'Shinjuku no Me'/'L'Oeil de Shinjuku' (The Eye of Shinjuku). This gigantic eye. set into the wall, has looked out over the commuters since some time in 1969. Most people just walk past the sculpture without paying much attention on their way to the high-rise buildings just outside the western exit, or on their way to the nearby ...


Review Of Weizmann, Elda. (2008), Positioning In Media Dialogue: Negotiating Roles In The News Interview, Claire Emily Scott Jan 2011

Review Of Weizmann, Elda. (2008), Positioning In Media Dialogue: Negotiating Roles In The News Interview, Claire Emily Scott

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This book presents an investigation of interactional discourse features of news interviews in Israeli (Hebrew) television media, focussing on the way interviewers and interviewees are discursively positioned with respect to each other. The study is based on two sets of data, comprising a 24-hour corpus of news interviews from the “New Evening” (Erev Xadash) program on Israeli national television, and a corpus of meta-comments from leading Israeli media figures.


Mobbing Y Anulación De La Disidencia/Descontento: Tras Las Huellas De Sus Interrelaciones, Brian Martin, Florencia Peña Jan 2011

Mobbing Y Anulación De La Disidencia/Descontento: Tras Las Huellas De Sus Interrelaciones, Brian Martin, Florencia Peña

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

From google translator (part of the introduction) In diverse organizations, including the work places, daily there is dynamic cradles in talent, commitment, support, solidarity, amiability, friendship, camaraderie and work set for the sake of achieving the objectives that are common. Nevertheless, with too much frequency the internal discords give rise to conflicts, in addition, the common thing is that groups inside such organizations form, sometimes being generated among them created interests that lead to true battles to reach or to maintain the power to control processes and resources, as well as to impose points of view. Tie destructive games to ...


Changing Media Understandings Of Gender Relations: Japan's Equal Employment Opportunity Law In 1985 And 1997, Kirsti Rawstron Jan 2011

Changing Media Understandings Of Gender Relations: Japan's Equal Employment Opportunity Law In 1985 And 1997, Kirsti Rawstron

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the portrayal of gender relations and issues in theJapanese media through a case study of discussions in mainstreamnewspapers surrounding the introduction in 1985 of the Equal EmploymentOpportunity Law (EEOL) in Japan. This law was introduced as part of Japan's ratification of the United Nations Convention on the Elimination of AllForms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). The debate surroundingthe changing EEOL is examined through articles from three mainstreamdaily national newspapers, notably the Asahi Shinbun, the Nihon KeizaiShinbun and the Yomiuri Shinbun. The articles reflect and reinforce thechanging cultural understanding of gender relations in Japan over thisperiod. The ...