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2007

Iowa State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 324

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Technical Appendix To 'Temporary Stabilizations, Sudden Stops, And Asset Prices', Rajesh Singh, Chetan Subramanian Dec 2007

Technical Appendix To 'Temporary Stabilizations, Sudden Stops, And Asset Prices', Rajesh Singh, Chetan Subramanian

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

This is a technical appendix to our publication 'Temporary stabilizations, sudden stops, and asset prices' in the Review of Development Economics, Vol. 13 no. 2 (May 2009): 333-347.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Dec 2007

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Work Opportunity Tax Credit Extended To Employees Residing In "Rural Renewal Counties", Neil E. Harl Dec 2007

Work Opportunity Tax Credit Extended To Employees Residing In "Rural Renewal Counties", Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The Small Business and Work Opportunity Tax Act of 20071, in addition to other changes in the Work Opportunity Tax Credit,2 the 2007 tax act extended the credit to newly-hired employees residing in a “rural renewal county.”3 The credit amount is up to a maximum of 40 percent of the first $6,000 of “qualified first-year wages” paid to an eligible employee who is a “designated community resident” and who works for at least 400 hours during the first year of employment.4 Thus, the credit could be as much as $2400 for each eligible employee.5


Index To Volume 18, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest Dec 2007

Index To Volume 18, Nos. 1-24, Agricultural Law Digest

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Rice Steps Down As Executive Editor, Marlin E. Rice Dec 2007

Rice Steps Down As Executive Editor, Marlin E. Rice

Integrated Crop Management News

During the past 19 years, I have served as the executive editor of this newsletter, and at the end of this year, I will step down from that responsibility. When I first assumed this role in 1988, the newsletter was known as Crops, Soils and Pests Newsletter, and it was printed on yellow paper with no photographs. During that year, there were 1,464 paid subscribers.


New Distribution Format For Icm Newsletter, Wendy Wintersteen, Gerald A. Miller Dec 2007

New Distribution Format For Icm Newsletter, Wendy Wintersteen, Gerald A. Miller

Integrated Crop Management News

The print version of the Integrated Crop Management (ICM) Newsletter will be discontinued at the close of the 2007 calendar year. A new distribution format of the ICM Newsletter is planned for 2008. Discontinuation of the printed version was a difficult decision. However, in recent years, we have experienced a steady decrease in the number of subscribers for the print version and a steady increase in printing, design, handling and shipping costs. During the newsletter’s 19-year run, ISU was the first land-grant university to publish a full color crops newsletter and deliver it to subscribers that same week. This ...


Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll: 2007 Summary Report, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Peter Korsching, Paul Lasley, Trevalyn Gruber Dec 2007

Iowa Farm And Rural Life Poll: 2007 Summary Report, J. Gordon Arbuckle, Peter Korsching, Paul Lasley, Trevalyn Gruber

Extension Community and Economic Development Publications

Iowa farm families have both hopes and concerns associated with changes unfolding across the state, especially those related to the rapid development of the “bioeconomy.” The increasing focus on renewable fuels, especially ethanol and biodiesel, brings both great expectations for grain prices and economic growth as well as worries about impacts on the environment and the structure of agriculture. The 2007 Iowa Farm and Rural Life Poll asked questions about these issues and related topics such as land use and future farm plans. The poll was created in 1982 by Iowa State University Extension, the Iowa Agriculture and Home Economics ...


Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein Dec 2007

Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

A university-community partnership assessed the food security and health status of food pantry participants in a midwestern urban community. Eighty percent of households surveyed were food insecure, and 40% experienced fair or poor health. The sample experienced higher rates of chronic disease than the general population. A nutrition education program designed to meet specific nutrition and health-related needs of pantry participants was developed. Implications include training pantry staff about chronic disease and its relationship to nutrition, identifying pantry foods that provide positive health benefits, and developing consumer publications focused on selecting and preparing pantry foods when one has chronic disease.


Economic Benefits Of Management Reform In The Gulf Of Mexico Grouper Fishery: A Semi-Parametric Analysis, Quinn Weninger Dec 2007

Economic Benefits Of Management Reform In The Gulf Of Mexico Grouper Fishery: A Semi-Parametric Analysis, Quinn Weninger

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

This paper uses a semi-parametric empirical model to estimate the economic benefits of adopting a property rights-based management program in the Gulf of Mexico grouper fishery. The analysis predicts that a rights-based fleet will be comprised of fewer, more cost efficient boats than under the current controlled access management program. Results indicate that in the year of our data, 1993, the smaller, more productive fleet could harvest the allowable reef fish catch at a cost saving of $2.92-$7.07 million, 12-30% less than under controlled access management. Recent tightening of controlled access regulations suggest that the benefits from ...


Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein Dec 2007

Research To Action: A Campus-Community Partnership To Address Health Issues Of The Food Insecure, Kimberly A. Greder, Steven Garasky, Susan Klein

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

A university-community partnership assessed the food security and health status of food pantry participants in a midwestern urban community. Eighty percent of households surveyed were food insecure, and 40% experienced fair or poor health. The sample experienced higher rates of chronic disease than the general population. A nutrition education program designed to meet specific nutrition and health-related needs of pantry participants was developed. Implications include training pantry staff about chronic disease and its relationship to nutrition, identifying pantry foods that provide positive health benefits, and developing consumer publications focused on selecting and preparing pantry foods when one has chronic disease.


Implementation Of The Federal Highway Administration Final Rule On Work Zone Safety And Mobility, Thomas J. Mcdonald, Jonathan D. Wiegand, Thomas H. Maze Dec 2007

Implementation Of The Federal Highway Administration Final Rule On Work Zone Safety And Mobility, Thomas J. Mcdonald, Jonathan D. Wiegand, Thomas H. Maze

InTrans Project Reports

The Federal Highway Administration published the final rule updating 23 CFR 630 Subpart J in September 2004. The revised rule requires agencies using federal funding to address both safety and mobility in planning and construction of roadway improvements. The Iowa Department of Transportation (Iowa DOT) requested the assistance of the Center for Transportation and Research in developing guidance for a policy and procedures to comply with the final rule.

This report describes an in-depth examination of current Iowa DOT project development processes for all types of improvements, including maintenance, as well as a detailed characterization of work zone impact considerations ...


The Allowable Discount For Potential Income Tax Liability On Corporate Stock At Death, Neil E. Harl Nov 2007

The Allowable Discount For Potential Income Tax Liability On Corporate Stock At Death, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Whatever doubt existed as to the amount of discount allowed on corporate stock at death for built-in capital gains tax liability was largely wiped out with a November, 2007, decision by the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals in Estate of Jelke III v. Commissioner.1 That case followed earlier Fifth Court of Appeals decisions in 2001 and 2002 which pioneered the idea that the date of death value of corporate stock was properly discounted, dollar-for-dollar, by the amount of built-in capital gain tax liability.2


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2007

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


An Update On Ehtanol, Biodiesel, Grain Markets, And Implications For Crop Rotations For The Next Few Years, Robert Wisner Nov 2007

An Update On Ehtanol, Biodiesel, Grain Markets, And Implications For Crop Rotations For The Next Few Years, Robert Wisner

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

As farmers, agronomists, and agribusiness managers are well aware, the rapid expansion in U.S. corn processing for ethanol has triggered large changes in the entire agricultural sector. This year, U.S. planted corn acreage was up by an unprecedented 20% from 2006, with accompanying impacts on seed, fertilizer, chemical, grain bin, and other input sales. With a modest increase in yields from 2006, U.S. corn supplies look fully adequate for the year ahead and are expected to create a modest reserve supply that can be used next year to help fill a growing need for corn for ethanol ...


Estimating A Cash Rental Rate For Cropland, Don Hofstrand, William Edwards Nov 2007

Estimating A Cash Rental Rate For Cropland, Don Hofstrand, William Edwards

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Cash rent lease agreements are popular because the lease is simple, the rent is fixed, and the owner is relieved of making operating and marketing decisions. Likewise, the tenant has maximum freedom to plan and develop the cropping and livestock programs. The risk and returns from changing prices, yields and costs are all borne by the tenant.


Conservation Systems And Soil And Water Quality Symposium, Mike Duffy Nov 2007

Conservation Systems And Soil And Water Quality Symposium, Mike Duffy

Proceedings of the Integrated Crop Management Conference

Iowa farmers have made a significant improvement in the amount of erosion occurring throughout the state. In spite of this improvement, however, the annual rate of erosion is still five tons per cropland acre.


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2007

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Final Regulations On Practice Before Irs Added To Circular 230, Neil E. Harl Nov 2007

Final Regulations On Practice Before Irs Added To Circular 230, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

Final regulations revising the rules governing practice before the Internal Revenue Service in Circular 230 were issued on September 26, 2007.1 The final regulations reflect amendments made by the American Jobs Creation Act of 2004.2 The legislation signed on May 25, 2007, the Small Business and Work Opportunity Tax Act of 2007,3 which amended several provisions of the Internal Revenue Code to extend the application of the income tax return preparer penalties to all tax return preparers, alter the standards of conduct that must be met to avoid imposition of penalties for preparing a return that reflects ...


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Nov 2007

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Can Section 179 Elections Be Made On Amended Returns After 2007?, Neil E. Harl Nov 2007

Can Section 179 Elections Be Made On Amended Returns After 2007?, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The permanent rule for elections to claim expense method depreciation1 for many years has been that elections had to be made on the original income tax return (whether or not timely) or on an amended return but only if filed within the time for filing a return (including extensions) for the taxable year.2 For taxable years beginning after 2002 and before 2008, a taxpayer is permitted to make an expense method depreciation election on an amended federal income tax return without the consent of the Commissioner.3 The amended return must be filed within the time prescribed for filing ...


Partially Identifying Treatment Effects With An Application To Covering The Uninsured, Brent Kreider, Steven C. Hill Nov 2007

Partially Identifying Treatment Effects With An Application To Covering The Uninsured, Brent Kreider, Steven C. Hill

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

We extend the nonparametric literature on partially identified probability distributions and use our analytical results to provide sharp bounds on the impact of universal health insurance on provider visits and medical expenditures. Our approach accounts for uncertainty about the reliability of self- reported insurance status as well as uncertainty created by unknown counterfactuals. We construct health insurance validation data using detailed information from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey. Imposing relatively weak nonparametric assumptions, we estimate that under universal coverage monthly per capita provider visits and expenditures would rise by less than 8% and 16%, respectively, across the nonelderly population.


Using The Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale To Examine The Psychological Wellness Of Today's Undergraduate Students, Joy M. Kozar, Sara B. Marcketti Nov 2007

Using The Multidimensional Students' Life Satisfaction Scale To Examine The Psychological Wellness Of Today's Undergraduate Students, Joy M. Kozar, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Life satisfaction, or the global evaluation of ones' own life, is an essential component of subjective well-being. The increasing formation of wellness programs in higher education settings is evidence of institutional efforts to enhance the quality of life, psychological well-being, and holistic development of students.


Impact Of The South Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement On The U.S. Livestock Sector, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Fengxia Dong Nov 2007

Impact Of The South Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement On The U.S. Livestock Sector, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Fengxia Dong

CARD Working Papers

The recently signed Korea-U.S. Free Trade Agreement (KORUS FTA) grants the U.S. livestock industry with preferential access to South Korea's import market. This study evaluates the likely impacts of the KORUS FTA on the U.S. livestock sector.

Using the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute's modeling system, we find that livestock prices increase by 0.5% to 3.8% under the agreement. And together with an expansion by 381 to 883 million pounds in meat exports, the value of U.S. exports increase by close to U.S.$2 billion, or a 15.2% increase ...


Coordinating To Eradicate Animal Disease, And The Role Of Insurance Markets, David A. Hennessy Nov 2007

Coordinating To Eradicate Animal Disease, And The Role Of Insurance Markets, David A. Hennessy

CARD Working Papers

Farmed animal production has traditionally been a dispersed sector. Biosecurity actions relevant to eradicating infectious diseases are generally non-contractible, and might involve inordinately high transactions costs if they were contractible. If an endemic disease is to be eradicated within a region, synchronized actions need to be taken to reduce incidence below a critical mass so that spread can be contained. Using a global game model of coordination under public and private information concerning the critical mass required, this paper characterizes the success probability in an eradication campaign. As is standard in global games, heterogeneity in private signals can support a ...


Opera And Spanish Jesuit Evangelization In The New World, Chad M. Gasta Nov 2007

Opera And Spanish Jesuit Evangelization In The New World, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Publications

As missionaries across the New World quickly discovered, Indians exhibited a strong attraction to music and song, but it was the Jesuits who were particularly adept at exploiting those musical interests to reinforce their argument that the Indians could adopt Christian faith, understand its principles, and live by its commands. One of the first operas in the New World is San Ignacio de Loyola (1720?), written by Domenico Zipoli, a famed Roman organ master, composer and Jesuit missionary. This essay brings to light the little known fact that Jesuit opera exists and also discusses how Zipoli's work was a ...


Costs, Returns, Production And Financial Efficiency Of Niche Pork Production In 2006, James Kliebenstein, David R. Stender, John W. Mabry, Gary Huber Oct 2007

Costs, Returns, Production And Financial Efficiency Of Niche Pork Production In 2006, James Kliebenstein, David R. Stender, John W. Mabry, Gary Huber

Iowa Pork Industry Center Reports

This report provides a summary of the costs, returns, and production and financial performance for participating niche pork producer s for the year 2006. There were 41 niche pork farrow-to-finish producers who completed records fo r 2006. Five of these were certified organic producers, four were purebred Berkshire producers, and 32 were ‘natural’ producers, meaning their pigs were raised without antibiotics using bedded pens with outdoor access. An initial evaluation of the data showed th at the average production efficien cies were similar between the organic, purebred Berkshire and other operations . Thus, all are combined for this analysis.


Proposed Regulations On Repairs, Neil E. Harl Oct 2007

Proposed Regulations On Repairs, Neil E. Harl

Agricultural Law Digest

The stunning defeat of the Internal Revenue Service in Ingram Industries, Inc & Subs. v Commissioner1 and the high profile loss in FedEx Corp. v. United States,2 provoked the Internal Service to mount a major regulatory overhaul in an effort to reshape the legal terrain over which both battles were fought.3 The controversy appears to be of only modest concern to farmers and ranchers other than for handling overhauls of engines and transmissions on tractors, combines and trucks but the 160 pages of regulations issued on August 21, 2006,4 if adopted, would represent a significant shift in ...


Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr Oct 2007

Cases, Regulations, And Statutes, Robert P. Achenbach Jr

Agricultural Law Digest

No abstract provided.


Strategic Environmental Policy Under Free Trade With Transboundary Pollution, Shiva Sikdar, Harvey E. Lapan Oct 2007

Strategic Environmental Policy Under Free Trade With Transboundary Pollution, Shiva Sikdar, Harvey E. Lapan

Economics Working Papers (2002–2016)

We analyze the effects of free trade on environmental policies in a strategic setting with transboundary pollution. Trade liberalization can result in a race to the bottom in environmental outcomes, making both countries worse off. With command and control policies (quotas), there is no race to the bottom. However, with internationally tradable permits, unless pollution is a pure global public bad, there is a race to the bottom in environmental policy. In our model carbon leakage alone, and not a terms of trade motive, drives countries to relax domestic environmental policy. Quantity-based tools strictly welfare-dominate price-based tools under free trade.


Food Security And Biofuels Development: The Case Of China, Fengxia Dong Oct 2007

Food Security And Biofuels Development: The Case Of China, Fengxia Dong

CARD Briefing Papers

Biofuels production is expanding rapidly all over the world, driven by rising crude oil prices, the desire of countries to be energy independent, and concerns about climate change. As developed countries, especially the United States, are expanding biofuels production, developing countries are expanding their biofuels industries as well, to power their growing economies. However, developing countries must address the food security issue when they develop biofuels. As China is a developing country with rapid economic growth, population growth, significant demand for fuels, and food security concerns, it serves as a good example for studying the opportunities and challenges faced by ...