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Articles 1 - 9 of 9

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Clusterin Is A Secreted Mammalian Chaperone, M. R. Wilson, S. B. Easterbrook-Smith Jan 2000

Clusterin Is A Secreted Mammalian Chaperone, M. R. Wilson, S. B. Easterbrook-Smith

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] By any criteria, clusterin is an interesting protein. It was first described in 1983 as a secreted glycoprotein in ram rete testis fluid that enhanced aggregation (“clustering”) of a variety of cells in vitro 1. Many homologues in other species were subsequently discovered. Typically, each “discovery” of clusterin in a different species or by a different research group led to it being assigned another name. By the early 1990s clusterin was known under many aliases 2, some of which persist in the literature. However, the inaugural international workshop on clusterin (Cambridge, 1992) agreed to the name clusterin, in deference ...


Contribution To The Theory Of Scarpland Development From Observations In Central Queensland, Australia, R. W. Young, R. A. Wray Jan 2000

Contribution To The Theory Of Scarpland Development From Observations In Central Queensland, Australia, R. W. Young, R. A. Wray

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Theories of scarpland geomorphology developed over the past century have been characterised by divergent conceptual frameworks and have been hindered by language barriers. Here, we review the main theories and assess them with reference to field evidence from central Queensland, Australia.


Thyroid Hormones And Their Effects: A New Perspective, A. J. Hulbert Jan 2000

Thyroid Hormones And Their Effects: A New Perspective, A. J. Hulbert

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The thyroid hormones are very hydrophobic and those that exhibit biological activity are 3',5',3,5-ltetraiodothyronine (T4), 3',5,3-l-triiodothyronine (T3), 3',5',3-l-triiodothyronine (rT3) and 3,5,-ldiiodothyronine (3,5-T2). At physiological pH, dissociation of the phenolic -OH group of these iodothyronines is an important determinant of their physical chemistry that impacts on their biological effects. When non-ionized these iodothyronines are strongly amphipathic. It is proposed that iodothyronines are normal constituents of biological membranes in vertebrates. In plasma of adult vertebrates, unbound T4 and T3 are regulated in the picomolar range whilst protein-bound T4 and T3 are maintained ...


Desiccation Tolerance Of Three Moss Species From Continental Antarctica, Sharon A. Robinson, J. Wasley, M. Popp, C. E. Lovelock Jan 2000

Desiccation Tolerance Of Three Moss Species From Continental Antarctica, Sharon A. Robinson, J. Wasley, M. Popp, C. E. Lovelock

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Tolerance of desiccation was examined in three species of moss, Grimmia antarctici Card., Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid. and Bryum pseudotriquetrum (Hedw.) Gaertn., Meyer et Scherb. collected from two sites of contrasting water availability in the Windmill Islands, continental Antarctica. Physiological tolerance to desiccation was measured using chlorophyll fluorescence in plugs of moss during natural drying in the laboratory. Differences in relative water contents, rates of drying and the response of photosynthesis to desiccation were observed among the three species and between sites. Of the three species studied, G. antarctici showed the lowest capacity to sustain photosynthetic processes during desiccation, B ...


Tracing Beach Sand Provenance And Transport Using Foraminifera: Preliminary Examples From Northwest Europe And Southeast Australia, S. K. Haslett, Edward A. Bryant, R. H. Curr Jan 2000

Tracing Beach Sand Provenance And Transport Using Foraminifera: Preliminary Examples From Northwest Europe And Southeast Australia, S. K. Haslett, Edward A. Bryant, R. H. Curr

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Foraminifera are marine Sarcodine Protozoa that possess tests (shells) that are preservable in the fossil record. These tests may either be constructed using organically cemented detritus (agglutinating or arenaceous forms), or secreted using calcium carbonate (calcareous forms). Their ecology embraces planktonic and benthonic modes, although planktonic forms generally inhabit the open ocean and seldom live in coastal waters in any abundance, while benthonic foraminifera exist on substrates from abyssal plains to high intertidal areas. There are many species of foraminifera that are niche-specific, making them ideal for palaeoenvironmental analysis (Boersma, 1978; Brasier, 1980; Murray, 1991; Culver, 1993).


Deconstructing The Interaction Of Glu-Plasminogen With Its Receptor A-Enolase, N M. Andronicos, M S. Baker, M Lackmann, M Ranson Jan 2000

Deconstructing The Interaction Of Glu-Plasminogen With Its Receptor A-Enolase, N M. Andronicos, M S. Baker, M Lackmann, M Ranson

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Thermoregulation By Kangaroos From Mesic And Arid Habitats: Influence Of Temperature On Routes Of Heat Loss In Eastern Grey Kangaroos (Macropus Giganteus) And Red Kangaroos (Macropus Rufus), Terence J. Dawson, Cyntina E. Blaney, Adam J. Munn, Andrew Krockenberger, Shane K. Maloney Jan 2000

Thermoregulation By Kangaroos From Mesic And Arid Habitats: Influence Of Temperature On Routes Of Heat Loss In Eastern Grey Kangaroos (Macropus Giganteus) And Red Kangaroos (Macropus Rufus), Terence J. Dawson, Cyntina E. Blaney, Adam J. Munn, Andrew Krockenberger, Shane K. Maloney

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

We examined thermoregulation in red kangaroos (Macropus rufus) from deserts and in eastern grey kangaroos (Macropus giganteus) from mesic forests/woodlands. Desert kangaroos have complex evaporative heat loss mechanisms, but the relative importance of these mechanisms is unclear. Little is known of the abilities of grey kangaroos. Our detailed study of these kangaroos' thermoregulatory responses at air temperatures (T-a) From -5 degrees to 45 degrees C showed that, while some differences occur, their abilities are fundamentally similar. Both species show the basic marsupial characteristics of relatively low basal metabolism and body temperature (T-b). Within the thermoneutral zone, T-b was 36 ...


Ventilatory Accommodation Of Oxygen Demand And Respiratory Water Loss In Kangaroos From Mesic And Arid Environments, The Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Macropus Giganteus) And The Red Kangaroo (Macropus Rufus), Terence J. Dawson, Adam J. Munn, Cyntina E. Blaney, Andrew Krockenberger, Shane K. Maloney Jan 2000

Ventilatory Accommodation Of Oxygen Demand And Respiratory Water Loss In Kangaroos From Mesic And Arid Environments, The Eastern Grey Kangaroo (Macropus Giganteus) And The Red Kangaroo (Macropus Rufus), Terence J. Dawson, Adam J. Munn, Cyntina E. Blaney, Andrew Krockenberger, Shane K. Maloney

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

We studied ventilation in kangaroos from mesic and arid environments, the eastern grey kangaroo (Macropus giganteus) and the red kangaroo (Macropus rufus), respectively, within the range of ambient temperatures (T-a) from -5 degrees to 45 degrees C. At thermoneutral temperatures (T-a = 25 degrees C), there were no differences between the species in respiratory frequency, tidal volume, total ventilation, or oxygen extraction. The ventilatory patterns of the kangaroos were markedly different from those predicted from the allometric equation derived for placentals. The kangaroos had low respiratory frequencies and higher tidal volumes, even when adjustment was made for their lower basal metabolism ...


Enhanced Tumor Growth In Uv-Irradiated Skin Is Associated With An Influx Of Inflammatory Cells Into The Epidermis, Ronald Sluyter, Gary M. Halliday Jan 2000

Enhanced Tumor Growth In Uv-Irradiated Skin Is Associated With An Influx Of Inflammatory Cells Into The Epidermis, Ronald Sluyter, Gary M. Halliday

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

UV radiation causes a number of cellular changes within the skin which play a role in tumor outgrowth, including immunosuppression and production of growth-enhancing cytokines, Both of these enable tumors to grow but their relative importance in carcinogenesis is poorly defined. In this study, C3H/HeN mice were exposed to a single inflammatory dose of 410 mJ/cm(2) UVB radiation (plus 100 mJ/cm2 UVA radiation) followed by the inoculation of a regressor squamous cell carcinoma into or the painting of oxazolone onto the treated skin. Tumors transplanted 2 or 3 but not 4 days after irradiation had a ...