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1993

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 20, No. 4 (December 1993) Dec 1993

Journal Of Sociology & Social Welfare Vol. 20, No. 4 (December 1993)

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • EDITORIAL: THE FIRST TWENTY YEARS - Robert D. Leighninger, Jr.
  • AFRICAN-AMERICAN MALES IN PRISON: ARE THEY DOING TIME OR IS THE TIME DOING THEM? - Anthony E. O. King, Ph.D.
  • THE OBSERVER AS AN INSTRUMENT IN QUALITATIVE COMMUNITY STUDIES: A THIRD WORLD PERSPECTIVE - Pranab Chatterjee
  • THE EMPLOYED HOMELESS: A CRISIS IN PUBLIC POLICY - Frederick A. DiBlasio, Ph.D., John R. Belcher, Ph.D., Kathleen A. Connors, Ph.D.
  • JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AND THE TRANSITION TO MONOPOLY CAPITALISM - Kevin I. Minor
  • THE POLITICAL ACTIVITY OF SOCIAL WORKERS: A POST-REAGAN UPDATE - Mark Ezell, Ph.D.
  • THE DUAL FACE OF EMPOWERMENT: …


Book Notes Dec 1993

Book Notes

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

BOOK NOTES

  • Pure and Applied Sociological Theory: Problems and Issues. Calvin J. Larson.
  • Postmodernization: Change in Advanced Society. Stephen Crook, Jan Pakulski and Malcolm Waters.
  • Introduction to Macrosociology. James W. Russell
  • The Renascence of Sociological Theory. Henry Etzkowitz and Ronald M. Glassman
  • Erving Goffman and Modern Sociology. Philip Manning
  • Pragmatism and Social Theory. Hans Joas


Review Of "Structure De La Phrase Et Théorie Du Liage" By H.-G. Obenauer And A. Zribi-Hertz, Donna Jo Napoli Dec 1993

Review Of "Structure De La Phrase Et Théorie Du Liage" By H.-G. Obenauer And A. Zribi-Hertz, Donna Jo Napoli

Linguistics Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Review Of Citizens And Statesmen: A Study Of Aristotle's Politics, By Mary P. Nichols; The Public And The Private In Aristotle's Political Philosophy, By Judith A. Swanson, Stephen G. Salkever Dec 1993

Review Of Citizens And Statesmen: A Study Of Aristotle's Politics, By Mary P. Nichols; The Public And The Private In Aristotle's Political Philosophy, By Judith A. Swanson, Stephen G. Salkever

Political Science Faculty Research and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Cult Of Number Oneness - More Strange Motivational Technique, Richard C. Crepeau Dec 1993

The Cult Of Number Oneness - More Strange Motivational Technique, Richard C. Crepeau

On Sport and Society

Who is number one? Numero Uno. Primero. The Top Dog. The Best. The Greatest. This is the issue. This is the prime topic of all those sports talk shows that moan on and on through the long night of multiple time zones across America; Or on the twenty four hours of endless babble networks.


Review Of "Syntax And The Lexicon" By T. Stowell And E. Wehrli, Donna Jo Napoli Dec 1993

Review Of "Syntax And The Lexicon" By T. Stowell And E. Wehrli, Donna Jo Napoli

Linguistics Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


St. Dominic Deaf Center, December 1993 Dec 1993

St. Dominic Deaf Center, December 1993

Saint Dominic Deaf Center

A newsletter published for Deaf Catholics in Houston, TX

Saint Dominic Deaf Center Finding Aid


Exclusion And Embrace: Theological Reflection In The Wake Of "Ethnic Cleansing", Miroslav Volf Dec 1993

Exclusion And Embrace: Theological Reflection In The Wake Of "Ethnic Cleansing", Miroslav Volf

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Catholic Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Society Of Madison, December 1993 Dec 1993

Catholic Deaf And Hard Of Hearing Society Of Madison, December 1993

Catholic Deaf and Hard of Hearing Society of Madison

A newsletter published for Deaf Catholics in Madison, WI

Catholic Deaf and Hard of Hearing Society of Madison Finding Aid


Second Order Approximation In The Partially Linear Regression Model, Oliver B. Linton Dec 1993

Second Order Approximation In The Partially Linear Regression Model, Oliver B. Linton

Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers

We examine the second order properties of various quantities of interest in the partially linear regression model. We obtain a stochastic expansion with remainder o P ( n -2µ ), where µ < 1/2, for the standardized semiparametric least squares estimator, a standard error estimator, and a studentized statistic. We use the second order expansions to correct the standard error estimates for second order effects, and to define a method of bandwidth choice. A Monte Carlo experiment provides favorable evidence on our method of bandwidth choice.


The Effects Of Public Commitment And Group Feedback Of Curbside Recycling, Iser Guillermo Deleón Dec 1993

The Effects Of Public Commitment And Group Feedback Of Curbside Recycling, Iser Guillermo Deleón

Masters Theses

Several methods for increasing recycling have been presented in the psychology literature. However, many rely on incentive systems that require individual response monitoring for differential delivery of consequences, thus rendering them prohibitively expensive on a community-wide scale. This study examined the effects of three community interventions which may circumvent this limitation: public commitment, group feedback, and a combination of both. The Commitment Only intervention produced no substantial increase in recycling when superimposed upon a curbside recycling baseline. The Feedback Only intervention and the Combined Intervention produced increases of 25.47% and 40.00%, respectively. A no-intervention Control Group decreased in amount recycled …


Niela M. Eliason "City In Transition" Collection [Finding Aid], Nelson Poynter Memorial Library. Special Collections And University Archives., James Anthony Schnur, Niela M. Eliason Dec 1993

Niela M. Eliason "City In Transition" Collection [Finding Aid], Nelson Poynter Memorial Library. Special Collections And University Archives., James Anthony Schnur, Niela M. Eliason

Special Collections and University Archives Finding Aids: All Items

In November 1993, Niela M. Eliason, a free-lance writer and St. Petersburg resident, permitted the Nelson Poynter Memorial Library to copy the contents of two scrapbooks in her possession. The “City in Transition” series documented the social and cultural history of St. Petersburg through the voices of civic leaders and common citizens alike. As stated in the first column, these essays examined "a changing community--the people, the buildings, the activities, the attitudes and reactions, the progress and deterioration." This collection contains photocopies of her 123 City in Transition articles, as well as photographs from the St. Petersburg area. Her writings …


The Nuclear Contamination Of Kazakhstan, Rebecca Marie Matter Dec 1993

The Nuclear Contamination Of Kazakhstan, Rebecca Marie Matter

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

This thesis studies the radioactive contamination of Kazakhstan's environment, concentrating on the period between February 1989 and January 1993. For each type of nuclear degradation in Kazakhstan the thesis asks the questions: what is its cause and extent, what are its consequences for humans, and what are the human responses. The main causes of Kazakhstan's nuclear devastation are atomic weapons' tests, uranium mining, manufacturing of uranium fuel, and the operation of a fast breeder reactor power generator unit. The amount of radioactive contamination is colossal. The consequences for the health of the population, especially at Semey, are severe. The human …


Quasi-Flag Of Convenience Shipping: The Wave Of The Future, Rex S. Toh, Sock Yong Phang Dec 1993

Quasi-Flag Of Convenience Shipping: The Wave Of The Future, Rex S. Toh, Sock Yong Phang

Research Collection School Of Economics

Many articles and books have been written to extol the advantages and virtues of flags of convenience (FOC) shipping, argue its necessi ty, and defend the practice. However, from the earliest days there has been opposition to FOC shipping, and lately the disenchantment over this questionable form of open registry has led to the potentially rapid growth of what can be termed as quasi-FOC arrangements. This article will first briefly trace the trend from FOCs to quasi-FOCs, outline the legal framework for regulating international shipping, then discuss the problems, opposition, and legal challenges to open registries. Finally, it will trace …


Ua68/2 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xii, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies Dec 1993

Ua68/2 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xii, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by WKU Latin American Studies program regarding science, politics and economic advances in Latin America as well as cooperative projects between WKU and universities across Latin America. The newsletter is written in both English and Spanish.


The Biomechanical Analysis Of Two Types Of Place Kicks: The Toe And Instep Kicks, Kaylynn Albers Dec 1993

The Biomechanical Analysis Of Two Types Of Place Kicks: The Toe And Instep Kicks, Kaylynn Albers

Masters Theses

This study described the biomechanical differences between two styles of the place kick; the toe kick and instep kick. The biomechanical variables included joint angles, velocities, and displacements. Five high school age subjects kicked five trials of the toe kick and five trials of the instep kick at both 20 and 35 yards. The place kicks were filmed with a high speed camera, digitized and analyzed with peak 4.2 computer software.

The findings for joint angles were consistent with those found in the literature. The velocity for the kicking foot and the ball were lower in this study than found …


Pastwatch - December 1993, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina Dec 1993

Pastwatch - December 1993, South Carolina Institute Of Archaeology And Anthropology--University Of South Carolina

SCIAA Newsletter - Legacy & PastWatch

Contents:

ART Tour.....p. 1
Voyage.....p. 1
Pee Dee Wreck.....p. 2
Director's Vista.....p. 3
Search for Francis Marion.....p. 4
Sport Diver Program.....p. 5
Courses Offered.....p. 5
International Conference.....p. 6
South in Uruguay.....p. 7
Donor Plaque Update.....p. 8


Effects Of Cocaine On Fixed-Ratio Responding Of Rats: Modulation By Required Response Force, Malath Makhay Dec 1993

Effects Of Cocaine On Fixed-Ratio Responding Of Rats: Modulation By Required Response Force, Malath Makhay

Masters Theses

The effects of acute cocaine administrations (5. 6 to 32 mg/kg) were determined in rats responding under a multiple fixed-ratio 15 fixed-ratio 15 schedule of food delivery. The minimum response effort required in one schedule component was 25 g, whereas in the other component it was 200 g. Cocaine produced generally dose-dependent decreases in rate of responding and increases in pre-ratio pause times under each component. There was, however, a significant interaction between force and drug dose, and the magnitude of drug effects were larger in the component requiring 200 g for lever operation. Although a number of other parameters …


The Assessment Of Political Personality: A Psychodiagnostically Relevant Conceptualization And Methodology, Aubrey Immelman Dec 1993

The Assessment Of Political Personality: A Psychodiagnostically Relevant Conceptualization And Methodology, Aubrey Immelman

Psychology Faculty Publications

The purpose of this article is to narrow the conceptual and methodological gap between existing formulations in psychodiagnostic theory and current practice in political personality. It is suggested that accurate assessment of the personalities of high-level leaders can significantly improve the prediction of political outcomes but that this endeavor has been hampered by inadequate transposition from the source disciplines of personality theory and psychodiagnostics to the target discipline of contemporary political psychology. It is proposed that Theodore Millon’s personological model offers a viable integrative framework for the study of political personality. The present article explicates Millon’s model, specifies the relevance …


Behavioral Effects Of Tyrosine During Sustained Wakefulness, D. L. Wiegmann, D. F. Neri, R. R. Stanny, S. A. Shappell, A. H. Mccardie, D. L. Mckay Dec 1993

Behavioral Effects Of Tyrosine During Sustained Wakefulness, D. L. Wiegmann, D. F. Neri, R. R. Stanny, S. A. Shappell, A. H. Mccardie, D. L. Mckay

Publications

The fatigue and cognitive performance deficits associated with sleep loss and stress, like that experienced during sustained flight operations and nighttime flying, have motivated the search for effective nonpharmacological countermeasures. The behavioral effects of the potential countermeasure tyrosine, an amino-acid precursor to dopamine and norepinephrine, were examined during an episode of continuous nighttime work involving one night's sleep loss. Volunteers performed nine iterations of a battery of cognitive and subjective tasks for approximately 13 h, beginning at 1930 and ending at 0820 the following morning. Subjects remained awake throughout the day on which the experiment began and were awake for …


The Catholic-Jewish And Polish-Jewish Dialogue In New Poland, Waldemar Chrostowski Dec 1993

The Catholic-Jewish And Polish-Jewish Dialogue In New Poland, Waldemar Chrostowski

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Church Life In The Novgorod Diocese, A Bovkalo, A Galkin Dec 1993

Church Life In The Novgorod Diocese, A Bovkalo, A Galkin

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


Jantzen's "The Wrong Side Of The Wall: An American In East Berlin During The Peaceful Revolution" - Book Review, John P. Burgess Dec 1993

Jantzen's "The Wrong Side Of The Wall: An American In East Berlin During The Peaceful Revolution" - Book Review, John P. Burgess

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


The Effects Of Changing Subsistence Strategies On The Degree Of Sexual Dimorphism Of Skeletons From The Southeastern United States, William Edward Grant Dec 1993

The Effects Of Changing Subsistence Strategies On The Degree Of Sexual Dimorphism Of Skeletons From The Southeastern United States, William Edward Grant

Masters Theses

This study examines the effects of changing subsistence strategies on the degree of sexual dimorphism for prehistoric skeletal populations from the Southeastern United States. Changes in subsistence from hunting and gathering in the Archaic Period to intensive agriculture in the Mississippian Period caused increased levels of stress that affected growth and development, as well as incidence of disease. Eight long bone measurements were taken from 17 skeletal series (6 Middle/Late Archaic, 8 Early/Middle Woodland, and 3 Late Mississippian) from Tennessee and Alabama. These measurements were subjected to a series of univariate and multivariate statistical tests to determine whether or not …


The Churches In The Gdr Between Accommodation And Resistance, Johannes Althausen Dec 1993

The Churches In The Gdr Between Accommodation And Resistance, Johannes Althausen

Occasional Papers on Religion in Eastern Europe

No abstract provided.


African-American Males In Prison: Are They Doing Time Or Is The Time Doing Them?, Anthony E. O. King Dec 1993

African-American Males In Prison: Are They Doing Time Or Is The Time Doing Them?, Anthony E. O. King

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

African-American males comprise a disproportionate percentage of the individuals imprisoned in State correctional institutions across the United States. The purpose of this paper is to describe how incarceration affects African-American males. The author recommends more rigorous and systematic analysis of the prison experience, and how it affects the mental, physical, and social well-being of African-American males. Given this nation's commitment to using imprisonment as the principal means for punishing convicted felons, it is imperative that society ascertain the social, psychological, and economic effects of such confinement on millions of African-American males.


The Observer As An Instrument In Qualitative Community Studies, Pranab Chatterjee Dec 1993

The Observer As An Instrument In Qualitative Community Studies, Pranab Chatterjee

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

A qualitative study of leadership in local black communities was done by an Asian Indian scholar in Cleveland during the nineteen sixties and seventies. This paper narrates the conditions under which and the methodology with which the study was done. Using participant observation, interviews, and reviews of published and unpublished documents, the author develops ten propositions about organizational and electoral leadership in black communities. Further, three additional propositions about the adequacy of qualitative research are also developed from this research experience. A short comparative review of trends in these communities is appended.


The Political Activity Of Social Workers: A Post-Reagan Update, Mark Ezell Dec 1993

The Political Activity Of Social Workers: A Post-Reagan Update, Mark Ezell

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

This article reports the findings of a survey that examined the political activism of social workers and what changes may have occurred in their political participation during the Reagan years. Social workers are politically active largely by writing letters to public officials but also by discussing political issues with friends, by belonging to politically active organizations and by attending political meetings. In addition, a substantial proportion of social workers make campaign contributions and get involved in candidate elections. Among social workers, those with the highest educational degrees, those who are NASW members, those who are in macro type jobs, and …


Neighborhood-Based Initiative To Address Poverty: Lessons From Experience, Robert Halpern Dec 1993

Neighborhood-Based Initiative To Address Poverty: Lessons From Experience, Robert Halpern

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The neighborhood has long been an important locus for efforts to address the causes and consequences of poverty in American society. Over the course of the past century neighborhood- based initiatives have been called on to reduce class conflict, counter feelings of alienation, localize control of social institutions, create jobs and reverse neighborhood economic decline, improve human services, and address a variety of specific poverty-related problems, ranging from infant mortality to juvenile delinquency. In this essay I draw on the historical experience with neighborhood initiative to illuminate its strengths and limitations as a strategy for addressing poverty and its correlates. …


Access To Prenatal Care And County Size: Implications For Service Delivery, Ellen E. Whipple Dec 1993

Access To Prenatal Care And County Size: Implications For Service Delivery, Ellen E. Whipple

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

The impact of population size across twenty-three west Michigan counties was examined to determine access to prenatal care, low birth weight, and infant mortality. Surveys were completed by forty-five managers of hospitals and county health departments. Service availability, sociodemographic, system-related and lifestyle factors were examined as contributors to perinatal support utilization. Low birth weight and infant mortality were highest in the small- and large-sized counties. Positive birth outcomes in medium-sized counties may have been due to greater availability of infant and child health services through health departments, and the targeting of resources to specific problem areas, such as smoking cessation. …