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The Invisible Line: Students As Partners Or Students As Colleagues?, Michelle J. Eady, Corinne Green Jan 2020

The Invisible Line: Students As Partners Or Students As Colleagues?, Michelle J. Eady, Corinne Green

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Prospective Associations With Physiological, Psychosocial And Educational Outcomes Of Meeting Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Amanda Watson, Rachel Duckham, Anthony D. Okely, Dylan P. Cliff, Alison Carver, Kylie Hesketh Jan 2020

Prospective Associations With Physiological, Psychosocial And Educational Outcomes Of Meeting Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Trina Hinkley, Anna Timperio, Amanda Watson, Rachel Duckham, Anthony D. Okely, Dylan P. Cliff, Alison Carver, Kylie Hesketh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Several countries have released movement guidelines for children under 5 that incorporate guidelines for sleep, physical activity and sedentary behavior. This study examines prospective associations of preschool children's compliance with the 24-Hour Australian movement guidelines (sleep, physical activity, screen time) and physiological, psychosocial and educational outcomes during primary school. METHODS: Data were from the Healthy Active Preschool and Primary Years Study (Melbourne, Australia; n = 471; 3-5 years; 2008/9). Follow-ups occurred at 3 (2011/12; 6-8 years), 6 (2014/15; 9-11 years) and 7 (2016; 10-12 years) years post baseline. Multiple regression models assessed associations between compliance with ...


Loneliness Among People With Substance Use Problems: A Narrative Systematic Review, Isabella Ingram, Peter James Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Amanda Baker, Melvin Goh, Dayle Raftery, Genevieve A. Dingle Jan 2020

Loneliness Among People With Substance Use Problems: A Narrative Systematic Review, Isabella Ingram, Peter James Kelly, Frank P. Deane, Amanda Baker, Melvin Goh, Dayle Raftery, Genevieve A. Dingle

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs Issues: Despite the serious implications of loneliness on health and wellbeing, little is understood about this experience across people with substance use problems. This systematic review aimed to examine: (i) correlates and predictors of loneliness; (ii) theories underpinning loneliness; (iii) methods employed to measure loneliness; and (iv) loneliness interventions for people with substance use problems. Approach: Empirical sources were identified from key databases for all publications preceding February 2019. Overall, 41 studies met the eligibility criteria and were included in the review. Key Findings: Findings from this review suggest that loneliness ...


Fight For Freedom: New Research To Map Violence In The Forgotten Conflict In West Papua, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jaime Swift, Michael Westaway, Nathan Wright Jan 2020

Fight For Freedom: New Research To Map Violence In The Forgotten Conflict In West Papua, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jaime Swift, Michael Westaway, Nathan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Indonesia has recently indicated it is considering investigating the killings of hundreds of thousands of people in the 1965 "anti-communist" purge under authoritarian leader Suharto. If the inquiry goes ahead, it would mark a shift in the government's long-standing failure to address past atrocities. It is unclear if they will include other acts of brutality alleged to have been committed by the Indonesian regime in the troubled region of West Papua.


Environmental Influences On Children's Physical Activity In Early Childhood Education And Care, Karen L. Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Environmental Influences On Children's Physical Activity In Early Childhood Education And Care, Karen L. Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: To examine the relationship between attributes of early childhood education and care (ECEC) settings and children's physical activity and sedentary behavior. Methods: Cross-sectional study involving 490 children aged 2-5 years from 11 ECECs. The ECEC routine, size of the outdoor environment, and time spent in the outdoor environment were calculated for each center. Children's physical activity and sedentary time were measured using accelerometers. Multivariate linear regressions were used to examine associations of the attributes of ECEC centers with the outcome variables, adjusting for the effects of center clustering and gender. Results: Children in ECECs that offered free ...


Animal Geographies I: Hearing The Cry And Extending Beyond, Leah Maree Gibbs Jan 2020

Animal Geographies I: Hearing The Cry And Extending Beyond, Leah Maree Gibbs

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research on animal geographies is burgeoning. This report identifies key themes emerging in the sub-discipline over the past two to three years. It begins with an overview of the growing empirical, conceptual and methodological diversity of the field. It then explores two themes, which seek, in turn, to look very closely at the animal and beyond it. The first theme incorporates efforts to attend to the lived experiences of animals and the nonhuman side of human-animal relations: to ‘hear the cry’ of the nonhuman. The second includes attempts to move beyond both the kinds of animals most commonly considered within ...


Biopedagogies And Family Life: A Social Class Perspective, Lisette Burrows, Jan Wright Jan 2020

Biopedagogies And Family Life: A Social Class Perspective, Lisette Burrows, Jan Wright

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In this chapter we draw on our work with young people and families to explore the utility of poststructural theoretical resources in understanding engagement with health imperatives. While we suggest that concepts like biopedagogies, discourse and subjectivity (amongst others) usefully frame our research, we also focus on what cannot be thought/understood with these resources alone. We explore how the complexity of family life, the ways culture, class and biopedagogies of the body intersect in ‘real’ lives and the translation of school-based health messages to home environs may require alternate theories.


Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho Jan 2020

Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Suicide is a major public health problem globally. Data on the factors influencing suicidal behaviours that can inform prevention policies are limited in Bhutan. This study used the dataset of the nationally-representative Bhutan STEPS Survey conducted in 2014 that assessed the non-communicable disease risk factors. Using a backward elimination approach, multiple logistic regression analysis accounting for the complex survey design was performed to identify the factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in adults separately. The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt was 3.1% and 0.7%, respectively. We found female gender, being unemployed, low and middle ...


Walking City Streets: Spatial Qualities, Spatial Justice, And Democratising Impulses, Elaine Stratford, Gordon R. Waitt, Theresa Harada Jan 2020

Walking City Streets: Spatial Qualities, Spatial Justice, And Democratising Impulses, Elaine Stratford, Gordon R. Waitt, Theresa Harada

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The information, practices and views in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the opinion of the Royal Geographical Society (with IBG). 2019 Royal Geographical Society (with the Institute of British Geographers). Walking fosters self-efficacy, empathy, and connection, and large and small democratic actions. Such capacity seems especially the case when walking is attended by certain spatial qualities that engender, for instance, physical accessibility, a capacity to socialise, a sense of safety, or a pleasing aesthetic. Sometimes, adverse spatial alternatives dominate and then - at very least - indifference seems to loom large and spatial injustices ...


Exploring Stakeholders' Perceptions Of The Acceptability, Usability, And Dissemination Of The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Christian F. Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2020

Exploring Stakeholders' Perceptions Of The Acceptability, Usability, And Dissemination Of The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years, Rebecca M. Stanley, Rachel A. Jones, Christian F. Swann, Hayley Christian, Julie Sherring, Trevor Shilton, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for the Early Years were recently developed. To maximize the uptake of the guidelines, perceptions of key stakeholders were sought. Methods: Thirty-five stakeholders (11% Aboriginal or Torres Strait Islander descent) participated in focus groups or key informant interviews. Stakeholders included parents of children aged 0-5 years, early childhood educators, and health and policy professionals, recruited using convenience and snowballing techniques. Focus groups and interviews were audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Data were analyzed inductively using thematic analysis. Results: There was general acceptance of the Movement Guidelines. The stakeholders suggested that the Guidelines were highly aspirational and ...


Sustainability Of Identification And Response To Domestic Violence In Antenatal Care: The Sustain Study, Kelsey Hegarty, Jo Spangaro, Jane Koziol-Mclain, Jeannette Walsh, Amelia Lee, Minerva Kyei-Onanjiri, Robyn Matthews, Jodie Valpied, Jenny Chapman, Leesa Hooker, Elizabeth Mclindon, Kitty Novy, Kim Spurway Jan 2020

Sustainability Of Identification And Response To Domestic Violence In Antenatal Care: The Sustain Study, Kelsey Hegarty, Jo Spangaro, Jane Koziol-Mclain, Jeannette Walsh, Amelia Lee, Minerva Kyei-Onanjiri, Robyn Matthews, Jodie Valpied, Jenny Chapman, Leesa Hooker, Elizabeth Mclindon, Kitty Novy, Kim Spurway

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This project set out to understand and support the integration of evidence-based, effective screening, risk assessment and first-line response to domestic violence (DV) into the complex system of antenatal care. It built on existing resources and research to focus on women assessed as currently in "lower risk" situations, who are often not in contact with DV services but attended health services for pregnancy.


The Ethical, Legal And Social Implications Of Using Artificial Intelligence Systems In Breast Cancer Care, Stacy M. Carter, Wendy Rogers, Khin Than Win, Helen Frazer, Bernadette Richards, Nehmat Houssami Jan 2020

The Ethical, Legal And Social Implications Of Using Artificial Intelligence Systems In Breast Cancer Care, Stacy M. Carter, Wendy Rogers, Khin Than Win, Helen Frazer, Bernadette Richards, Nehmat Houssami

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Breast cancer care is a leading area for development of artificial intelligence (AI), with applications including screening and diagnosis, risk calculation, prognostication and clinical decision-support, management planning, and precision medicine. We review the ethical, legal and social implications of these developments. We consider the values encoded in algorithms, the need to evaluate outcomes, and issues of bias and transferability, data ownership, confidentiality and consent, and legal, moral and professional responsibility. We consider potential effects for patients, including on trust in healthcare, and provide some social science explanations for the apparent rush to implement AI solutions. We conclude by anticipating future ...


Crossing Boundaries: Rethinking The Ways That First-In-Family Students Navigate 'Barriers' To Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea Jan 2020

Crossing Boundaries: Rethinking The Ways That First-In-Family Students Navigate 'Barriers' To Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This article explores how one cohort of first-in-family students narrated their movement into and through university, proposed as a form of boundary crossing. These metaphors emerged from the stories that students told about their persistence, with references ranging from institutional or organisational boundaries through to those imposed by self and others. Applying the sensitizing lens of boundary crossing, an analysis is provided of how learners navigated their transition into university and the types of persistence behaviours adopted. The focus is on those who traversed these boundaries, considering the nature of incursions and the ways these were negotiated within students' everyday ...


The Stereoscopic Advantage For Vection Persists Despite Reversed Disparity, Stephen Palmisano, Shinji Nakamura, Robert S. Allison, Bernhard E. Riecke Jan 2020

The Stereoscopic Advantage For Vection Persists Despite Reversed Disparity, Stephen Palmisano, Shinji Nakamura, Robert S. Allison, Bernhard E. Riecke

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research has shown that consistent stereoscopic information improves the vection (i.e. illusions of self-motion) induced in stationary observers. This study investigates the effects of placing stereoscopic information into direct conflict with monocular motion signals by swapping the observer's left and right eye views to reverse disparity. Experiments compared the vection induced by stereo-consistent, stereo-reversed and flat-stereo patterns of: (1) same-size optic flow, which contained monocular motion perspective information about self-motion, and (2) changing-size optic flow, which provided additional monocular information about motion-in-depth based on local changes in object image sizes. As expected, consistent stereoscopic information improved the vection-in-depth ...


Better Health Choices: Feasability And Preliminary Effectiveness Of A Peer Delivered Healthy Lifestyle Intervention In A Community Mental Health Setting, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Naomi Fagan, Alyna Turner, Frank P. Deane, Rebecca Mcketin, Robin Callister, Clare Collins, Isabella Ingram, Keren Wolstencroft, Camilla Townsend, Briony Osborne, Adam Zimmermann Jan 2020

Better Health Choices: Feasability And Preliminary Effectiveness Of A Peer Delivered Healthy Lifestyle Intervention In A Community Mental Health Setting, Peter James Kelly, Amanda Baker, Naomi Fagan, Alyna Turner, Frank P. Deane, Rebecca Mcketin, Robin Callister, Clare Collins, Isabella Ingram, Keren Wolstencroft, Camilla Townsend, Briony Osborne, Adam Zimmermann

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 Elsevier Ltd Background: To reduce smoking and improve other health behaviours of people living with severe mental illness, healthy lifestyle interventions have been recommended. One approach to improving the availability of these types of interventions is to utilise the mental health peer workforce. The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility of peer-workers facilitating a telephone delivered healthy lifestyle intervention within community based mental health settings. The study also examined preliminary outcomes of the intervention. Methods: The study was conducted as a randomised controlled feasibility trial. In addition to treatment as usual, participants randomised to the Treatment Condition were ...


Ending Tb In Australia: Organizational Challenges For Regional Tuberculosis Programs, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Carroll, Justin Denholm, Ben Marais, Angus Dawson Jan 2020

Ending Tb In Australia: Organizational Challenges For Regional Tuberculosis Programs, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Carroll, Justin Denholm, Ben Marais, Angus Dawson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 Elsevier B.V. The World Health Organization's End TB Strategy aims to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2050. Low-burden countries such as Australia are targeted for early elimination (2035), which will require an increase in the intensity and scope of case finding and treatment of people with latent TB infection (LTBI). Because 80 % of TB disease in Australia occurs in metropolitan Sydney (New South Wales) and Melbourne (Victoria), the commitment to move towards elimination has major implications for TB programs in these jurisdictions. We report on a case study analysis that compares and contrasts key attributes of each of ...


Concurrent Validity Of The Actigraph Gt3x+ And Activpal For Assessing Sedentary Behaviour In 2-3-Year-Old Children Under Free-Living Conditions, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sa, Zhiguang Zhang, Dylan P. Cliff, Rute Santos Jan 2020

Concurrent Validity Of The Actigraph Gt3x+ And Activpal For Assessing Sedentary Behaviour In 2-3-Year-Old Children Under Free-Living Conditions, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Eduarda Sousa-Sa, Zhiguang Zhang, Dylan P. Cliff, Rute Santos

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives

ActiGraph accelerometer cut-points are commonly used to classify sedentary behaviour (SB) in young children. However, they vary from 5counts/5 s to 301counts/15 s, resulting in different estimates and inconsistent findings. The aim was to examine the concurrent validity of ActiGraph GT3X + cut-points against the activPAL for measuring SB in 2–3-year-olds during free-living conditions.

Design

Observational validation-study.

Methods

Sixty children were fitted with the activPAL and ActiGraph simultaneously for at least 2 h. Nine ActiGraph cut-points ranging from 60 to 1488 counts per minute were used to derive SB. Bland & Altman plots and equivalent tests were performed to assess agreement between methods.

Results

Estimates of SB according to the different ActiGraph cut-points were not within the activPAL ±10% equivalent interval (-4.05; 4.05%). The ActiGraph cut-points that showed ...


"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2020

"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Inquiry into learning to teach pronunciation is a growing area within the second language teacher education research paradigm. To what extent this learning process extends into instructors' early years of teaching pronunciation has yet to be explored. This article is a response to this need by exploring the 3.5-year trajectory of five teachers learning to teach English pronunciation. The study was conducted in two phases. In Phase 1, pre- and post-course questionnaires, weekly observations of the lectures, focus groups interviews, final post-course interviews, and the participants' final assessment task were triangulated to examine the development of participants' cognitions during ...


Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase Jan 2020

Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In 2017 the Office of Widening Participation conducted a program- wide analysis of the Social Return On Investment (SROI) to evaluate the impact of four Widening Participation programs at Western Sydney University (WSU). The programs evaluated were Fast Forward, Strive Towards Educational Participation and Success (STEPS), First Foot Forward, and Pasifika Achievement To Higher Education (PATHE). The overlapping aim amongst the four programs is to increase higher education participation rates, particularly for students coming from low socio-economic backgrounds. The SROI framework provided a holistic analysis by intertwining qualitative and quantitative data. The analysis showed that each program-albeit with differences-produced a ...


Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


A Systematic Review Of Parent And Caregiver Mental Health Literacy, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian Swann, Mark S. Allen, Helen L. Ferguson, Stewart A. Vella Jan 2020

A Systematic Review Of Parent And Caregiver Mental Health Literacy, Diarmuid Hurley, Christian Swann, Mark S. Allen, Helen L. Ferguson, Stewart A. Vella

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019, Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature. This study aimed to systematically review the current body of research on parent and caregiver mental health literacy. Electronic databases were searched in January 2018 with 21 studies meeting inclusion criteria. A narrative synthesis of quantitative and qualitative studies was conducted. Findings across studies suggest that parents and caregivers had limited mental health knowledge. Factors associated with help-seeking included cultural and religious beliefs, financial and knowledge barriers, fear and mistrust of treatment services, and stigma. Notable limitations include non-representative samples, cross-sectional research designs, and use of inconsistent and non-validated study ...


International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett Jan 2020

International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology In 1999, the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) published "IFCN Guidelines for topographic and frequency analysis of EEGs and EPs" (Nuwer et al., 1999). Here a Workgroup of IFCN experts presents unanimous recommendations on the following procedures relevant for the topographic and frequency analysis of resting state EEGs (rsEEGs) in clinical research defined as neurophysiological experimental studies carried out in neurological and psychiatric patients: (1) recording of rsEEGs (environmental conditions and instructions to participants; montage of the EEG electrodes; recording settings); (2) digital storage of rsEEG and control data; (3) computerized visualization of ...


Social Anhedonia And Social Functioning: Loneliness As A Mediator, Melody Tan, Amy Shallis, Emma Barkus Jan 2020

Social Anhedonia And Social Functioning: Loneliness As A Mediator, Melody Tan, Amy Shallis, Emma Barkus

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 The Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd Social anhedonia is associated with reduced social functioning and diminished reward from social interactions. Individuals expressing social anhedonia are likely to experience reduced social connectedness and feel lonely. Loneliness is also associated with reduced social functioning. Therefore, loneliness could account for the relationship between social anhedonia and social functioning. We aimed to determine whether loneliness mediates the relationship between social anhedonia and reduced social functioning. In total, 824 young adults (M age = 21.03, SD = 5.59; 72.3% female) completed the Revised-Social Anhedonia Scale (RSAS), University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale, and the Social Functioning Scale (SFS). Scores on thee SFS were summed into six subscales: Social Withdrawal, Relationships, Social Activities, Recreational Activities, Independence (Competence), and Independence (Performance). Negative affect (Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scales-21 [DASS] total score) was included as a covariate. Both the RSAS and the UCLA Loneliness Scale were negatively correlated with overall and all social functioning subscales. The DASS-21 positively correlated with all variables of interest. Mediation analyses ...


Normal Variations In Personality Predict Eating Behavior, Oral Health, And Partial Syndrome Bulimia Nervosa In Adolescent Girls, Mark S. Allen, Davina A. Robson, Sylvain Laborde Jan 2020

Normal Variations In Personality Predict Eating Behavior, Oral Health, And Partial Syndrome Bulimia Nervosa In Adolescent Girls, Mark S. Allen, Davina A. Robson, Sylvain Laborde

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2020 The Authors. Food Science & Nutrition published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Eating disorders are among the most prevalent disorders in adolescence and can have negative consequences including poor quality of life, medical complications, and even death. This study addresses whether normal variations in personality relate to eating behavior and eating disorder symptomatology in adolescent girls. Participants were a near-representative sample of Australian adolescent girls (n = 1,676). Three personality traits (neuroticism, extraversion, and conscientiousness) were assessed at age 12 and again at age 14, and self-reported eating and weight management behaviors were assessed at age 14. After controlling for sociodemographic ...


A Crisis Of Underinsurance Threatens To Scar Rural Australia Permanently, Chloe Lucas, Christine Eriksen, David M. J. S Bowman Jan 2020

A Crisis Of Underinsurance Threatens To Scar Rural Australia Permanently, Chloe Lucas, Christine Eriksen, David M. J. S Bowman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Australia is in the midst of a bushfire crisis that will affect local communities for years, if not permanently, due to a national crisis of underinsurance. Already more than 1,500 homes have been destroyed - with months still to go in the bushfire season. Compare this to 2009, when Victoria's "Black Saturday" fires claimed more than 2,000 homes in February, or 1983, when the "Ash Wednesday" fires destroyed about 2,400 homes in Victoria and South Australia, also in February. The 2020 fire season could end up surpassing these tragedies, despite the lessons learned and improvements in preparedness ...


Strength From Perpetual Grief: How Aboriginal People Experience The Bushfire Crisis, Bhiamie Williamson, Jessica Weir, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2020

Strength From Perpetual Grief: How Aboriginal People Experience The Bushfire Crisis, Bhiamie Williamson, Jessica Weir, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

How do you support people forever attached to a landscape after an inferno tears through their homelands: decimating native food sources, burning through ancient scarred trees and destroying ancestral and totemic plants and animals? The fact is, the experience of Aboriginal peoples in the fire crisis engulfing much of Australia is vastly different to non-Indigenous peoples. Colonial legacies of eradication, dispossession, assimilation and racism continue to impact the lived realities of Aboriginal peoples. Added to this is the widespread exclusion of our peoples from accessing and managing traditional homelands. These factors compound the trauma of these unprecedented fires. As Australia ...


Measurement Of Spelling Ability: Construction And Validation Of A Phonological, Orthographic And Morphological Pseudo-Word Instrument For Students In Grades 3-6, Tessa Daffern, Ajay Ramful Jan 2020

Measurement Of Spelling Ability: Construction And Validation Of A Phonological, Orthographic And Morphological Pseudo-Word Instrument For Students In Grades 3-6, Tessa Daffern, Ajay Ramful

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Building on current theoretical understandings of how children learn to spell, this paper reports the design and validation of a new pseudo-word dictation test (labelled the Components of Spelling Test: Pseudo-word version) to measure three spelling components underpinning Standard English: phonology, orthography and morphology. For the first phase of the study, the instrument was tested on a calibration sample of 381 students from Grades 3 to 6, aged between 8 and 12 years. Two versions of the test were recursively developed for Grades 3 and 4 (Pseudo-word-G-3-4) and Grades 5 and 6 (Pseudo-word-G-5-6). In the second phase of the study ...


Friday Essay: This Grandmother Tree Connects Me To Country. I Cried When I Saw Her Burned, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2020

Friday Essay: This Grandmother Tree Connects Me To Country. I Cried When I Saw Her Burned, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

I remember brushing my teeth over the green enamel sink. I would gaze out the window at a prominent grandmother and ponder her age. This grandmother had soft pink skin, smooth and dimpled, and incredible curves that burled in places. She stood at least 25 metres tall. She was one of the sentinel trees which stood strong on the property where I grew up in Colo Heights, northwest of Sydney, at the edge of Darkinjung Country. Belonging to the Angophora costata family, she, like me, is part of human and non-human kinship networks that connect us with Country. To begin ...


'Social Screens' And 'The Mainstream': Longitudinal Competitors Of Non-Organized Physical Activity In The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff Jan 2020

'Social Screens' And 'The Mainstream': Longitudinal Competitors Of Non-Organized Physical Activity In The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Dylan P. Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) tends to decline during late childhood and adolescence. In Australia, this decline has been shown to occur particularly in non-organized PA (e.g. active play and informal sport). Using a social marketing approach, segments of youth may be identified and targeted based on their profile of alternative activities that compete with non-organized PA during the transition to adolescence. The objectives of this study were to identify and describe segments of youth whose participation in non-organized PA declined between 11 and 13 years, based on changes in other potential competing activities during this period. METHODS: Data were ...


Persisting Students' Explanations Of And Emotional Responses To Academic Failure, Rola Ajjawi, Mary Dracup, Nadine Zacharias, Sue Bennett, David J. Boud Jan 2020

Persisting Students' Explanations Of And Emotional Responses To Academic Failure, Rola Ajjawi, Mary Dracup, Nadine Zacharias, Sue Bennett, David J. Boud

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Academic failure is an important and personal event in the lives of university students, and the ways they make sense of experiences of failure matters for their persistence and future success. Academic failure contributes to attrition, yet the extent of this contribution and precipitating factors of failure are not well understood. To illuminate this world-wide problem, we analysed institutional data at a large, comprehensive Australian university and surveyed 186 undergraduate students who had failed at least one unit of study in 2016, but were still enrolled in 2017. Academic failure increased the likelihood of course attrition by 4.2 times ...