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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Breaking News Stories In The Age Of Citizen Journalism: Daily Nation’S Utilisation Of User Comments On Facebook, Agewa Waruguru Wainaina Jan 2024

Breaking News Stories In The Age Of Citizen Journalism: Daily Nation’S Utilisation Of User Comments On Facebook, Agewa Waruguru Wainaina

Theses & Dissertations

This study examines how the Nation Media Group (NMG) utilises comments made on its social media platform to break, update, and ultimately publish stories on social media platforms, the study focused on Facebook. Previous studies have established that the audience has the power to determine what content media houses publish, even forcing social media editors to delete or change stories they publish online. Thus, media practitioners must understand how to best engage with their online consumers while delivering quality journalistic content and maintaining integrity. Through the literature review of similar studies, it was found that scholars have determined that audience …


Covid-19 Disruptions And Coping Strategies For Media Houses In Uganda: Case Of Next Media Services, Aurthur Matsiko Jan 2024

Covid-19 Disruptions And Coping Strategies For Media Houses In Uganda: Case Of Next Media Services, Aurthur Matsiko

Theses & Dissertations

News production in the legacy media houses occurs in enclosed spaces. Editors, reporters, sub-editors, and news producers discuss and develop story ideas for production and dissemination on television, radio and print platforms. However, the Covid-19 pandemic presented a significant change in the traditional operation of the newsroom. This disruption interfered with the journalistic norms of story ideation, news sourcing, gatekeeping and distribution. Local and regional media organisations struggled through the Covid-19 pandemic because technological adoption mechanisms had long been dragged. By the time the pandemic hit Ugandan newsrooms, most media houses lacked fall-back plans, which led to several changes such …


Print Media Framing Of Kenya’S Presidential Campaigns During The 2022 General Election, Brian Owens Ocharo Jan 2024

Print Media Framing Of Kenya’S Presidential Campaigns During The 2022 General Election, Brian Owens Ocharo

Theses & Dissertations

The media can mould public perspectives and sway voters toward a specific candidate or political faction. This study aimed to analyse the print media framing of news on Kenya’s presidential campaigns in the run-up to the 2022 General Election. Specifically, the study sought to find out the framing of messages on the four presidential candidates ahead of the 2022 General Election, the extent of print media coverage of the four presidential aspirants during the presentation of their candidatures and factors that influenced the framing of news on presidential candidates by the print media ahead of Kenya’s 2022 General Election. The …


Print Media Coverage Of Digital Land Registration In Kenya: A Case Of Daily Nation And Standard Newspapers., Olgah Aluoch Atellah Jan 2024

Print Media Coverage Of Digital Land Registration In Kenya: A Case Of Daily Nation And Standard Newspapers., Olgah Aluoch Atellah

Theses & Dissertations

Kenya's nascent digital land registration system has already captured the attention of the nation's print media. This study investigated how two prominent newspapers, The Daily Nation and The Standard, framed and presented this complex issue, potentially shaping public perception and influencing policy decisions. Key findings reveal a contrasting media landscape. While existing research explored media coverage of digital land registration elsewhere, understanding its portrayal within Kenya remained a critical gap. Anchored in Framing Theory and agenda-setting Theory, the study employed a strategic selection approach where months were strategically chosen based on their significance or key events because of the buildup …


An Analysis Of Status Of Journalism Following Transitions Of Journalists From Newsrooms In Kenya, Asha Bekidusa Jan 2024

An Analysis Of Status Of Journalism Following Transitions Of Journalists From Newsrooms In Kenya, Asha Bekidusa

Theses & Dissertations

One of the major issues facing media managers and many newsrooms today is the retention of journalists. It requires action to motivate journalists to stay at the company longer. On the other hand, firms utilize creative methods to retain top talent due to fierce rivalry in the job market. The activities in newsrooms are impacted because many seasoned journalists have left for alternative careers. This study analyses the status of journalism following the transitions of seasoned journalists from newsrooms in Kenya. It also examines adjusting mechanisms adopted by newsrooms to maintain the quality of journalism after the departure of seasoned …


Print Media Coverage Of Conflict Among Pastoral Communities In Northern Kenya: A Case Study Of Nation And The Standard Newspapers., Faith Sudi Wamalwa Jan 2024

Print Media Coverage Of Conflict Among Pastoral Communities In Northern Kenya: A Case Study Of Nation And The Standard Newspapers., Faith Sudi Wamalwa

Theses & Dissertations

Media coverage of conflict is central to public interpretations of these conflicts. This public comprises policymakers who, among key of their mandates, is developing policies that protect the masses' lives and properties. Conflicts among pastoral communities have been endemic for decades. Media as a channel through which the masses get informed has been found by research worldwide to have an effect on conflicts through coverage. This media influence is mirrored through how it frames stories of conflict and who it quotes in those stories. Frames and sources used to determine how the audience perceives and interprets those conflicts. This study …


Media Coverage Of The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Case Of New Vision And Daily Monitor In Uganda., Eve Atukunda Jan 2024

Media Coverage Of The Covid-19 Pandemic: A Case Of New Vision And Daily Monitor In Uganda., Eve Atukunda

Theses & Dissertations

The media performs a significant role in shaping and transforming public perceptions during pandemics. This study analysed the media coverage of COVID-19 in Uganda, focusing on its impact on public awareness, government response, and societal behaviour. The study applied a quantitative approach to content analysis of news articles and official government communication, with interviews of journalists at the helm of COVID-19 reporting. The analysis assessed the framing of COVID-19 news in print media platforms. It examined the dynamics between media, government, and public health officials, evaluating the effectiveness of information dissemination and management of misinformation. The initial focus of media …


Examining The Role And Implications Of Twitter On News Production In Ugandan Newsrooms: A Case Of Nation Media Group Uganda, Elizabeth Amongin Jan 2024

Examining The Role And Implications Of Twitter On News Production In Ugandan Newsrooms: A Case Of Nation Media Group Uganda, Elizabeth Amongin

Theses & Dissertations

Social Media, particularly Twitter, has increased and eased the news production process by enhancing sourcing, gathering, and distributing news content. This study examined the implications of applying or using witter in the news production process in Ugandan newsrooms. This study focused on Nation Media Group -Uganda (NMG-U) and the New Media Theory guided it. The study applied a qualitative study approach and indepth interviews to collect data from 22 journalists and editors who were purposely selected. The study used a case study design to establish the role of Twitter in news sourcing and the attribution of quotes This study found …


Digital Media And Democratization: The Role Of X In Promoting Participatory Democracy In Rwanda., Christophe Hitayezu Jan 2024

Digital Media And Democratization: The Role Of X In Promoting Participatory Democracy In Rwanda., Christophe Hitayezu

Theses & Dissertations

Amidst the ever-evolving landscape of digital media's impact on democracy, this study explored the nuanced relationship between X and participatory democracy in Rwanda. Anchored on the Theory of Public Sphere and New Media Theory, this research shed light on the multifaceted interactions between citizens and politicians on X in Rwanda. By quantifying the interactions between politicians and citizens, finding out whether accountability mechanisms exist on the platform, and citizen-driven concerns; the study aimed to offer a comprehensive understanding of X's role in promoting participatory democracy in Rwanda. Situated within the Rwandan political context, this study gains significance as it navigates …


News Media Coverage Of Court Matters Involving Children In Kenya., Lenox Omondi Otieno Jan 2024

News Media Coverage Of Court Matters Involving Children In Kenya., Lenox Omondi Otieno

Theses & Dissertations

The pivotal role of news media as the fourth estate in society cannot be overstated; it profoundly influences public opinion, shapes perceptions, and mirrors a nation's values. Much like in other countries, in Kenya, media assumes a central role in reporting legal proceedings, especially those involving children. The manner in which these events are covered carries significant consequences, directly impacting the welfare and rights of the children concerned. This study critically examines the news media's coverage of court proceedings involving children in Kenya, focusing on mainstream television channels, namely Citizen TV, NTV, and KTN News, owing to their substantial viewership. …


An Analysis Of The Contribution Of Training Grants To The Ugandan Media: A Case Study Of The New Vision And Daily Monitor., Julius Odeke Jan 2024

An Analysis Of The Contribution Of Training Grants To The Ugandan Media: A Case Study Of The New Vision And Daily Monitor., Julius Odeke

Theses & Dissertations

The training of journalists has become an important element in enhancing the development of the media due to the popular global conjecture that a developed media consequently helps citizens to make informed decisions. But a number of factors like the choice of areas for training that needs funding and challenges media experiences in enhancing media development have over the time stifled the operations of the Ugandan media limiting its ability to advance issues of public interest (McChesney, 2008:37;Nyarko, 2015).This study therefore sought to identify areas covered by the training grants in the past five years (2019-2023), analyse the contribution of …


Examining Audience Perceptions And Role Of Cookies In Select News Websites In Kenya: A Case Of Nation Africa And The Standard, Isabel Mwendwa Radoli Jan 2024

Examining Audience Perceptions And Role Of Cookies In Select News Websites In Kenya: A Case Of Nation Africa And The Standard, Isabel Mwendwa Radoli

Theses & Dissertations

This thesis investigates the audience perceptions and the role of cookies in the user experience of selected news websites in Kenya. In an era dominated by digital media consumption, understanding how users interact with online news platforms is crucial for media practitioners and technology developers. The study focuses on the Kenyan context, exploring the unique dynamics that shape user engagement with news content and the impact of cookies on their online experience. The research employed a mixed-methods approach, combining a quantitative survey focused on audience perceptions of cookies and interactions with cookie consent notices and in-depth interviews with commercial website …


An Investigation On Gender Perceptions In Credibility Of Male And Female News Anchors In Kenya., Ngumbau Maluti Musau Jan 2024

An Investigation On Gender Perceptions In Credibility Of Male And Female News Anchors In Kenya., Ngumbau Maluti Musau

Theses & Dissertations

The success and survival of media houses is based on viewership as informed on audience loyalty that is pegged on perceived credibility of the news items, news anchors and media houses. But, extent of credibility perception as influenced by gender under the gender disparity concept has not been assessed within the Kenyan media space; which forms the focus of this study. The main objective was to investigate gender perceptions in the credibility of male and female news anchors in Kenya. Specifically, the study assessed the perceived credibility of male news anchors in presenting hard news items in Kenya and examined …


A Study Of How Leadership Influences Newsroom Convergence In Radio Africa Group., Francis Mureithi Gatimu Jan 2024

A Study Of How Leadership Influences Newsroom Convergence In Radio Africa Group., Francis Mureithi Gatimu

Theses & Dissertations

This study sought how media houses have been implementing convergence from a leadership perspective due to digital disruption and shrinking resources to run newsrooms with Radio Africa Group (RAG) being picked for case study. Four objectives guided it: 1) Examination of newsroom integration processes employed by Kenyan media houses in their transition to converged newsrooms 2) Examination of the role played by newsroom leaders in driving newsroom convergence 3) An assessment of factors associated with successful implementation of newsroom convergence 4) Exploration of the challenges Kenyan newsrooms face in the implementation of convergence. The study used Media Convergence theory, where …


Examining High School Girls’ Experiences In A Global Leadership Program: A Constructivist Grounded Theory Study, Erika Haskins Dec 2023

Examining High School Girls’ Experiences In A Global Leadership Program: A Constructivist Grounded Theory Study, Erika Haskins

Theses & Dissertations

The proportion of women in influential leadership positions continues to grow at a slow pace (Beaupre, 2022; Hoyt & Johnson, 2012). Inequalities are still present in the representation of leadership and salary wages (Catalyst, Inc., 2022; Choi, 2018). While progress is evident in regard to diversity and inclusion policies and practices in the workplace, barriers continue to exist that hinder opportunities for women who strive to achieve higher-level positions (Elias, 2018). With more women in leadership positions, advocacy for women and girls can occur, such as access to leadership development programs in schools and organizations (Beaupre, 2022; Shier et al., …


Experiences Of Indigenous Women With Maternal Nutrition In Climate Change (Cold Weather) In Rural Bajaur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: Implications For Maternal-Infant Health, Ihsan Ullah Nov 2023

Experiences Of Indigenous Women With Maternal Nutrition In Climate Change (Cold Weather) In Rural Bajaur, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan: Implications For Maternal-Infant Health, Ihsan Ullah

Theses & Dissertations

Background: Pakistan is one of the countries that is most susceptible to the effects of climate change. The country’s Northern regions have experienced several extreme cold weather events, including floods, heavy snowfall, and heavy rains, in recent years, significantly impacting maternal and infant health. Indigenous child-bearing age women in the northern rural areas are the most vulnerable populations experiencing food insecurity, disruptive food systems, increasing food prices, and disrupting food production due to climate change exacerbation.
Aim of the study: The study aimed to explore the experiences of indigenous women with maternal nutrition in harsh winter caused by climate change …


Teaching Peer Imitation To Preschool-Aged Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder Using A Video Modeling Treatment Package, Megan M. Harper Aug 2023

Teaching Peer Imitation To Preschool-Aged Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder Using A Video Modeling Treatment Package, Megan M. Harper

Theses & Dissertations

Peer imitation is a skill that serves to promote the acquisition of new play skills, problem-solving skills, and academic skills through observation of one’s peers. Although peer imitation is an important pre-requisite for learning from peers, many autistic children experience deficits in this area. In the present study, we evaluated a video model treatment package to teach autistic children to imitate their peers. Additionally, we conducted free play probes pre- and post-training to assess the transfer of training to a natural play setting. The results of the current study are mixed. One participant’s imitation skills generalized to the in-vivo sessions …


Where Are All The Latinas In Information Technology? Understanding And Engaging "La Fuerza Potente" Of A Powerful Demographic, Diana Orozco Aug 2023

Where Are All The Latinas In Information Technology? Understanding And Engaging "La Fuerza Potente" Of A Powerful Demographic, Diana Orozco

Theses & Dissertations

This study was inspired while I was researching other studies on employee motivational factors for non-profit organizations. I stumbled across the employment factors of Latinas in IT. This led me down a path of researching numbers, facts, organizational campaigns, and employment statistics. Latinas represent only 1% of the IT workforce, despite educational and organizational hiring campaigns and efforts. This led me to further inquire: What are the obstacles, what are the motivators, what is the solution and finally how would the resolutions be implemented? With many qualitative and quantitative studies that identify the deficiency, there has been little done to …


Feel The Burn(Out) And (Mom)Guilt Of Doctorate Programs Amongst Latina Mothers: A Testiomonio Reflection, Judyann Armijo Aug 2023

Feel The Burn(Out) And (Mom)Guilt Of Doctorate Programs Amongst Latina Mothers: A Testiomonio Reflection, Judyann Armijo

Theses & Dissertations

Research Focus. This research aims to explore the experiences of Latina mothers residing in San Antonio, Texas, using testimonios as a form of data collection; asynchronous interviews were completed to obtain the participants' experiences as they journeyed through their respective doctoral programs. Through this qualitative study, the research provided an in-depth analysis to understand the relationship between motherhood, academia, and culture in relation to advanced degrees. In this study, LatCrit served as the leading theoretical framework, allowing the researcher to understand the obstacles the participants underwent not only as doctoral students but also as the other critical roles in …


Equalizing Community Voice In An International Service-Learning Project: A Narrative Inquiry Of A Social Entrepreneurial Peruvian Women's Group, Monica D. Hernandez Aug 2023

Equalizing Community Voice In An International Service-Learning Project: A Narrative Inquiry Of A Social Entrepreneurial Peruvian Women's Group, Monica D. Hernandez

Theses & Dissertations

Traditionally, international service-learning (ISL) programs are created and led by host groups, which frequently overlook the international communities’ learning process and perspectives and the long-term impact of service missions on the community. Fundamentally, ISL is meant to address community needs. With the principal focus being on enriching students’ learning, community voice is often eclipsed. The research aim was to investigate the empowerment and efficacy of an ISL project to strengthen relationships between engaged scholars and international communities and improve future service-learning trips. Using a qualitive narrative research design, I investigated a 2021-2022 ISL Based Photovoice Project applying Kolb’s Experiential Learning …


Translating A Pediatric Weight Management Intervention Into Medically Underserved Areas, Caitlin Golden May 2023

Translating A Pediatric Weight Management Intervention Into Medically Underserved Areas, Caitlin Golden

Theses & Dissertations

Despite substantial prevention and treatment efforts, childhood obesity remains a pressing public health concern. Disparities persist in obesity prevalence among children of lower socioeconomic status, racial and ethnic minority groups, and those residing in rural areas. The vast majority of efficacious pediatric weight management interventions (PWMIs) have been based in larger cities and urban areas delivered through inter-disciplinary teams in a hospital or medical center, and the degree to which these or other efficacious PWMIs have been translated to, and are feasible in, typical rural or micropolitan areas is unclear. This dissertation describes a dissemination strategy and a systematic approach …


Testimonios Of Latinas In The Federal Government Senior Executive Service: Honoring Women Who Excel In Public Service, Amarylis Lopez May 2023

Testimonios Of Latinas In The Federal Government Senior Executive Service: Honoring Women Who Excel In Public Service, Amarylis Lopez

Theses & Dissertations

The Senior Executive Service (SES) is the highest tier of executive management and leadership in the federal government. The Latino/a population has significantly increased in the past three decades with no corresponding increase in the federal workforce and the number of Latinos/as serving in the SES remains low. As Latinos/as in the SES are largely underrepresented, their ability to influence federal policies is significantly undermined. The purpose of this study is to explore the testimonios (testimonies) of Latinas in the SES to better understand their experiences while navigating entry into the SES and maintaining their respective positions.

This study used …


Understanding The Significance Of Building A School In Belize Through Action Research, Stephen Todd Speer May 2023

Understanding The Significance Of Building A School In Belize Through Action Research, Stephen Todd Speer

Theses & Dissertations

Research Focus. In Central America, the country of Belize shares its border with Guatemala and Mexico. These countries, with El Salvador and Honduras, are known as the most dangerous areas in our world outside active war zones (Dudlry, 2012; Edwards & Gill, 2002; UNODC, 2019). Crime is the largest contributor to instability in the region and creates a dangerous environment that must be reduced. Reduction of crime can correlate to an increase in available educational opportunities (Edwards, 2002; OSAC, 2019). The U.S. government conducts foreign humanitarian programs that increase educational opportunities in hope of reducing crime and stabilizing the region …


An Assessment Of High-Performance Work System On The Survival Of The Print Media In Tanzania, Frank Sanga Mar 2023

An Assessment Of High-Performance Work System On The Survival Of The Print Media In Tanzania, Frank Sanga

Theses & Dissertations

This study assessed the high-performance work system (HPWS) on the survival of print media in Tanzania. The study was guided by three specific objectives namely; (i) to assess the extent to which the high-performance work system is practised in Mwananchi and Nipashe newsrooms, (ii) to assess the correlation between the high-performance work system and the performance of Mwananchi and Nipashe newspapers, and (iii) to examine challenges of practicing HPWS in Mwananchi and Nipashe newspapers. The study was based on qualitative research approach. This approach was applied for the purpose of getting in-depth information from the sample of 24 respondents from …


Social Media And Journalism: A Study Of Whatsapp Use In Newsroom Convergence At Nation Media Group In Kenya, Bernard Mwinzi Feb 2023

Social Media And Journalism: A Study Of Whatsapp Use In Newsroom Convergence At Nation Media Group In Kenya, Bernard Mwinzi

Theses & Dissertations

This study seeks to investigate how news organisations can tap into the interactivity, convenience and fast speeds of the social, multi-media networking site WhatsApp to aid in both news gathering and processing, as well as convergence. It is prompted by the fact that Kenyan media are at a crossroads. As they transition from analogue technologies, they are faced with the dilemma of choosing which new habits and processes to adopt. To make matters worse, even before they settle on the right technology, they are being forced to adopt the concept of convergence, where the various print, audio, and visual platforms …


Media's Impact On Cryptocurrency Adoption In Africa, Aly Z. Ramji Feb 2023

Media's Impact On Cryptocurrency Adoption In Africa, Aly Z. Ramji

Theses & Dissertations

The growing popularity of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin, blockchain, and Web 3.0, has sparked interest not only among industrialized nations but also among the African continent. The widespread adoption of cryptocurrencies in Africa can be attributed to several drivers, including high rates of mobile phone and internet penetration. Blockchain technology has the potential to increase efficiency and reduce transaction costs, contributing to the growth of cryptocurrencies on the continent. This sought to examine the impact of media on the adoption of cryptocurrencies in Africa. The research focused on how media frames events and issues, and how it influences people's thoughts, …


Television Coverage Of Women Politicians In The Run-Up To The 2022 General Elections In Kenya, Ivey Seleon Koin Feb 2023

Television Coverage Of Women Politicians In The Run-Up To The 2022 General Elections In Kenya, Ivey Seleon Koin

Theses & Dissertations

Media visibility is a crucial component for people seeking political mileage or people vying for electoral seats. To win the hearts of voters, a politician must embrace the media and the visibility that comes with it since the electorate tends to believe what the media highlights which in turn influences the decisions they make. Women leadership and women in politics are highly contested phenomena in Kenya and with it comes challenges especially considering the patriarchal nature of Kenyan politics. Using directed content analysis, this study sought to analyse media coverage of women politicians, the framing of women politicians and issued …


Transmedia Journalism And Financial Sustainability In Uganda’S Legacy Media, Yonah Ahabwe Nkirirehi Feb 2023

Transmedia Journalism And Financial Sustainability In Uganda’S Legacy Media, Yonah Ahabwe Nkirirehi

Theses & Dissertations

The media world over continues to ponder over the most viable business models to sustain their business considering the effect disruption has had on their revenues as a media, but most importantly maintain their relevancy as a profession. As a result, media houses continue to make management moves in response to the disruption, and part of those is transmedia journalism. This study is set to analyse the adoption of transmedia journalism by Ugandan legacy media houses in the effect to address revenue challenges, the quality of journalistic content produced by these media houses, and their financial viability. Using a survey …


A Study To Investigate The Uptake Of Digital Technology In Ruben Fm Radio Station, Nahashon Shisia Wasilwa Feb 2023

A Study To Investigate The Uptake Of Digital Technology In Ruben Fm Radio Station, Nahashon Shisia Wasilwa

Theses & Dissertations

Having realized the potential of digital technologies, radio stations in Kenya have embraced technology to improve “interactivity with their listeners”. However, the extent to which digital technologies are used at radio stations and existing challenges and opportunities in uptake is yet to be established. The research's primary goal was to investigate technology uptake in Ruben FM radio stations. Specifically, the study sought to examine the extent of use of the existing digital technologies in Ruben FM radio station, explore other digital technology opportunities for uptake in Ruben FM radio station and establish challenges facing digital technology uptake in Ruben FM …


How Climate Change Advocacy By Ngos In Kenya Is Covered By The Media, Victor Anyura Oluoch Feb 2023

How Climate Change Advocacy By Ngos In Kenya Is Covered By The Media, Victor Anyura Oluoch

Theses & Dissertations

The world is dealing with the effects of climate change, and the threats appear more menacing in developing countries like Kenya. The case for dealing with the effects of climate change is made more significant because Kenya’s economy largely depends on natural resources such as agriculture, tourism and energy to support its growing population. These challenges require the concerted efforts of various stakeholders to bring about meaningful solutions. With its power to set and influence agendas, the media is crucial, and so are environmental NGOs working with various communities to develop solutions. In this environment, NGOs and the news media …