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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Time To Stop Worrying: A Correlational Study On Individualist Versus Collectivist Time Perspectives And Anxiety, Anna Waldron Apr 2021

Time To Stop Worrying: A Correlational Study On Individualist Versus Collectivist Time Perspectives And Anxiety, Anna Waldron

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Presentation Location: Weber Center, Room 101

Abstract

Purpose

Research has indicated a significant relationship between anxiety and time perspective (TP), which is the way one views life in terms of the past, present or future. TP is broken down into five facets based on the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI), including past negative (PN), past positive (PP), present fatalistic (PF), present hedonistic (PH), and future (F) time perspectives (Zimbardo & Boyd, 1999). Time perspective is thought to be impacted by one’s culture, although there is a lack of representation in studies on TP cross-culturally which makes it difficult to generalize ...


Preaching The Same Message: Economic Populism On Both Sides Of The Atlantic, Paul R. Koch Apr 2020

Preaching The Same Message: Economic Populism On Both Sides Of The Atlantic, Paul R. Koch

Scholar Week 2016 - present

In a lecture delivered at Illinois Wesleyan University three years ago, Gro Harlem Brundtland, the former Prime Minister of Norway and Director-General of the World Health Organization, observed that Americans who maintain that “Washington is the problem,” and Europeans who assert that “Brussels is the problem,” are essentially making the same argument. Since the global financial crisis of the late 2000’s, many discussions of economic policy around the world have centered around the rise of “populist” sentiments. Examples of these developments would include the “Brexit” process in the United Kingdom, the "America First” agenda of the Trump Administration in ...


Mental Health First Aid Training For College Students: Evaluation Of Effects On Students’ Knowledge And Responses To Mental Health Issues In Their Peers, Erica Sandtorv Apr 2019

Mental Health First Aid Training For College Students: Evaluation Of Effects On Students’ Knowledge And Responses To Mental Health Issues In Their Peers, Erica Sandtorv

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Background

Mental health literacy, or the public’s knowledge and beliefs about mental health, has been shown to be lacking; therefore, the proper first aid actions are not always taken to recognize and encourage treatment for psychological disorders. This issue is particularly relevant in a university setting where mental health issues are common and students often rely on their peers for support. Studies have shown mental health first aid (MFHA) training to be successful in equipping people with the skills they need to help others in acute mental health crises.

Methods

To assess the efficacy of a brief mental MHFA ...


Racial Socialization: Relationship Between Black Identity, Perceptions Of Discrimination, And Academic Outcomes, Levar Ammons Apr 2018

Racial Socialization: Relationship Between Black Identity, Perceptions Of Discrimination, And Academic Outcomes, Levar Ammons

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Racial tension in the academic environment has been prevalent in American society since Brown v. The Board of Education. Racial socialization serves as a practice utilized by Black American parents to provide their children with a cultural orientation as to what it means to be Black in America. Educators’ ability to create and maintain meaningful relationships across cultural differences impacts students’ perceptions on how they are being treated. Because perceived discrimination is associated with depressive symptomatology, it is critical to understand how Black American adolescents make racial meaning of themselves, particularly in the learning environment. The researcher utilized a quantitative ...


21st Century Church Leadership And Pastor Preparation, Veronica Abney Apr 2018

21st Century Church Leadership And Pastor Preparation, Veronica Abney

Scholar Week 2016 - present

This study examined 21st-century American churches and the pastors who lead them to determine whether those pastors who attended seminaries, traditional universities, or denominational institutions were more academically prepared to grow church membership, increase weekly attendance, retain members, manage high-impact leadership teams, and engage in local church formation than were pastors who did not attend or complete any academic institution. The researcher examined the academic completion levels, leadership and church growth characteristics, and professional training of the participating pastors from six broadly defined categories: (a) pastors who participated in the 2014-2015 Outreach/LifeWay magazine survey; (b) pastors who participated in ...


Shots Fired: Examining Cues In Polic Use Of Force Encounters, Ronald Gaines Jr. Apr 2018

Shots Fired: Examining Cues In Polic Use Of Force Encounters, Ronald Gaines Jr.

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Officer-involved shootings lead to a costly process where lives are lost, careers are ruined, and taxpayer dollars are spent on investigation and litigation costs. The purpose of this study was to examine the cues that are associated with incidents that resulted in a police officer’s use of lethal as opposed to less than lethal force to increase awareness, enhance police safety, and improve training and supervision. Through the current quantitative correlational study, the researcher aimed to add to the discussion on police use of force. The researcher collected and analyzed preexisting sets of data from tactical response reports obtained ...


A Descriptive Study Investigating Accounting Students' Job Selection Preferences, Richard Wesley Apr 2018

A Descriptive Study Investigating Accounting Students' Job Selection Preferences, Richard Wesley

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Many accounting students are selecting accounting audit firms without exhausting a thorough research about the firms or getting an idea of the firms’ expectation. Moreover, accounting firms are hiring students without getting a clear understanding of the students’ job selection preference. As a result, both the students and employers are finding a cultural mismatch. Often employers and students have different perspectives about the nature of the professional skills that are required for a successful accounting career. Once hired, many students soon leave because they become disillusioned with job-related realities. The value of this research adds to the body of research ...


An Analysis Of Underrepresented Minorities' Exposure To Allied Health Fields, Loshay Willis Apr 2018

An Analysis Of Underrepresented Minorities' Exposure To Allied Health Fields, Loshay Willis

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Despite a more diverse U.S. population, racial and ethnic minorities are underrepresented in the U.S. healthcare professions. Further, increasing the enrollment of Underrepresented Minority (URM) students in health professions is a challenging and urgent issue. The literature had not explored a comparison of racial and ethnic groups’ exposure to allied health professions. This current study investigated URM and non-URMs’ exposure to and knowledge of allied health fields; in order to determine, whether some of the groups are getting exposed differentially to different methods, and to identify the resources necessary to expose and provide knowledge of allied health professions ...


Attracting Millennials: An Examination Of Millennial Participation In Assembly Of God Churches, Kenneth Hansen Apr 2018

Attracting Millennials: An Examination Of Millennial Participation In Assembly Of God Churches, Kenneth Hansen

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The greatest decline in church attendance of any age group has occurred among Millennials, which are individuals born between 1980 and the early 2000s. This decline in Millennial church attendance has created great concern among church leaders about the future of the church. Church leaders have struggled to understand Millennials, which has led to an inability to attract and maintain Millennial participation in the church. The purpose of this study was to determine what, if any, characteristics caused Millennials to be attracted to certain Assembly of God churches in Illinois and not others. The population for the current study was ...


Examining Police Officer Resistance To Change And Body-Worn Cameras, Wayne Jakobitz Jr. Apr 2018

Examining Police Officer Resistance To Change And Body-Worn Cameras, Wayne Jakobitz Jr.

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Police departments are adopting the body-worn camera as an important tool in the restoration of trust and accountability for police officers. Although body-worn cameras can be beneficial to their work, police officers might resist the use of cameras. The purpose of the current study was to examine whether experiences with technology or the perceived usefulness of body-worn cameras predict resistance to the cameras in order to determine where resistance to body-worn cameras possibly exists. The current study employed a quantitative design that examined 48 (n = 48) police officers’ responses about resistance to body-worn cameras in relationship to the following variables ...


Emotional Intelligence: The Effect On Social Media Use, Interpersonal Violence, And Gender, Gail Grabczynski Apr 2018

Emotional Intelligence: The Effect On Social Media Use, Interpersonal Violence, And Gender, Gail Grabczynski

Scholar Week 2016 - present

This study investigated the relationship between Emotional Intelligence (EI), social media use, interpersonal violence and gender. EI is a relatively new topic of research that has been of interest to many organizations due to the proposition that EI assists in the development of individuals. With the proliferation of social media, interpersonal violence and women in the workforce, a determination of a relationship between EI and those variables was warranted. The study was conducted at a small private Christian university. An online survey was administered to 123 sophomores. This study was a cross-sectional quantitative design, that utilized three established instruments to ...


Spirituality: Relationship Between Grit, Equanimity, Spiritual Qualities And First-Generation College Students, Janett Cordoves Apr 2018

Spirituality: Relationship Between Grit, Equanimity, Spiritual Qualities And First-Generation College Students, Janett Cordoves

Scholar Week 2016 - present

This study investigated the relationship between spirituality and first-generation, undergraduate and graduate college students’ grit, equanimity, and spiritual qualities. The researcher, a higher education professional, sought to highlight spirituality, not religion, as an intervention method for first-generation college students’ retention and success at the university. The results indicated a significant relationship between first-generation college students’ level of grit and equanimity as well as a direct relationship between grit and spiritual qualities. These results help inform educators and highlight that first-generation college students are both resilient as well as calm and centered in the midst of adversity and uncertainty. Participants’ narratives ...


Mentorship Matters, Emily Vankuren, Jessica Carara, Alejandra Zamudio, Julia Swanson Apr 2018

Mentorship Matters, Emily Vankuren, Jessica Carara, Alejandra Zamudio, Julia Swanson

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The researchers have identified the creation of a successful farming cooperative as a goal for the Pembroke Farming Family Association (PFFA), and have examined the literature to determine the components of such cooperatives. A literature review revealed that increased education in many areas is strongly correlated with successful farming cooperatives. The researchers determined that education through mentorship is an evidence based practice which could be implemented as an intervention. Then, the researchers located the measurement instrument of seasonal pre-test and post-test surveys, which would require additional questions related to specifics of farming in Pembroke. Finally, the researchers found that dependent ...


At The Crossroads Of Childhood And Crime Where Do We Draw The Line?, Capitol Hill Gang, Criminal Justice Students Apr 2018

At The Crossroads Of Childhood And Crime Where Do We Draw The Line?, Capitol Hill Gang, Criminal Justice Students

Scholar Week 2016 - present

At the Crossroads of Childhood and Crime Where Do We Draw the Line?

There is historical evidence pointing toward the accusation that juvenile courts and adult courts have not fully united in respect to criminal procedure and adherence to constitutional law. The Supreme Court has ruled on several issues such as preventative detention of juveniles and the right of a juvenile defendant to a jury trial. Scholars suggest the pendulum is now swinging towards rehabilitation and treatment. Science and the law recognize that the cognitive and psychological needs of juvenile offenders must be addressed. However, a closer look reveals significant ...


East African Perspectives Of Family And Community, And How They Can Inform Western Ecclesiology, Ben Strait Apr 2018

East African Perspectives Of Family And Community, And How They Can Inform Western Ecclesiology, Ben Strait

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Research into the daily lives of East Africans is either outdated or too narrowly focused. This presentation is the result of field research done in East Africa, especially focusing on how East Africans view and practice family and community living. It answers the questions of: What is "family" to an East African? What does community living look like in East Africa? And how can Westerners apply these intercultural ideas in practical ways?


Grief Off-The-Clock: Supporting Hospice Professionals Through Personal Loss, Rachel A. Guimond Apr 2018

Grief Off-The-Clock: Supporting Hospice Professionals Through Personal Loss, Rachel A. Guimond

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Working with clients who die can have a major impact on the way professionals address their own grief. Daily exposure to the possibility of death alters the process of mourning and can leave professionals feeling disconnected from family and friends during times of grief. This presentation will look at the challenges that hospice workers, clergy members, social workers and other professionals face when they experience grief in their own lives. Evidence-based strategies for supporting professionals in their grief will also be explored.


Evaluation And Revision Of Bsri Trait Selection, Valerie Seehafer Apr 2018

Evaluation And Revision Of Bsri Trait Selection, Valerie Seehafer

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) is a tool created by Sandra Bem in the 1970’s aimed at measuring individual’s androgyny. Critiques concerning the theoretical and methodological framework suggest that it may be in need of an update. The purpose of my research was to determine if and what adjustments were needed for the BSRI. An adjusted version of the short form of the BSRI was distributed to undergraduate students on a small Christian university campus in the Midwest. Respondents rated traits from the BSRI in regards to social desirability, personal desirability, and gendered connotation. The results exhibited that ...


Do Your Words Portray Or Betray Your Values? The Rhetorical Choices We Make Every Time We Speak, Beth Patrick-Trippel, Rachel Schramm, Jazmin Rangle, Becca Williams, Kaitlyn Altmann Apr 2018

Do Your Words Portray Or Betray Your Values? The Rhetorical Choices We Make Every Time We Speak, Beth Patrick-Trippel, Rachel Schramm, Jazmin Rangle, Becca Williams, Kaitlyn Altmann

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Dr. Beth Patrick-Trippel presents the theoretical constructs used by all four students as well as a brief explanation of the nature of the research being done.

Rachel Schramm: Picturing Race and Sports on the Big Screen. What can we learn from “Remember the Titans” and “Glory Road” using Richard Weaver’s Ideas of the Ideal?

Jazmin Rangle: Instagram, social media and the Rhetoric of Kim Kardashian-West. Can the rhetoric of Richard Weaver keep up with the Kardashians?

Becca Williams: What value messages cause us to laugh at Dwight’s awkwardness in “The Office?” Can we understand our own rhetorical choices ...


The Hot-Cold Empathy Gap And Persuasion: Does Fatigue Boost Or Reduce The Argument Quality Effect?, Alison I. Young Apr 2018

The Hot-Cold Empathy Gap And Persuasion: Does Fatigue Boost Or Reduce The Argument Quality Effect?, Alison I. Young

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Research on the hot-cold empathy gap (Nordgren et al., 2007) suggests that participants currently experiencing some visceral state (e.g., fatigue) empathize more with others in that same state and evaluate them more positively when their behavior is impacted by it (e.g., a tired mother yelling at a cashier). Research on persuasion suggests that the quality of a persuasive message (strong vs. weak) has more of an impact among people for whom that message is more relevant (Ajzen, Brown & Rosenthal, 1996), but less of an impact among those who are distracted (Petty, Wells & Brock, 1976). In this study, I ...


Stigma As A Predictor Of Parental Willingness To Seek Mental Health Services For Their Children In Rural America, Reed M. Smith Apr 2018

Stigma As A Predictor Of Parental Willingness To Seek Mental Health Services For Their Children In Rural America, Reed M. Smith

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Background

Stigma exists in some capacity towards mental illness. This stigma is a barrier to mental health services for some people. Rural populations are known to have more stigma than their urban counterparts. This can be partly attributed to the rural value system and the lack anonymity in the tight-knit communities. This is on top of already lacking access to mental health services. This especially affects children. A 2015 study on low-income, urban, African-Americans found self-stigma as a predictor of help seeking. The first study focusing on parental stigma of seeking mental health services for their children in rural America ...


The Relationship Between Musicianship, Academic Motivation, Academic Achievement, And Self-Esteem, Ellie Krumsieg Apr 2018

The Relationship Between Musicianship, Academic Motivation, Academic Achievement, And Self-Esteem, Ellie Krumsieg

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Background

Past research indicates that music education has a positive influence on academic achievement and self-esteem. Intrinsic motivation is an accepted predictor of high academic achievement, and research suggests that students involved in music are intrinsically motivated. One study showed that undergraduate musicians possessed high levels of academic intrinsic motivation. This study attempts to explore the motivation, academic achievement, and self-esteem of collegiate musicians as compared to collegiate non-musicians.

Methods and Procedures

A survey link was emailed to all undergraduate students at a small, Christian university in the Midwest. Participants answered questions pertaining to their music involvement prompting for music ...


Accessing Healthfulness Through Intrapersonal Communication: The Correlations Between Health Locus Of Control And Health Outcomes Behaviors, And Perceptions, Laura S. Gavin-Breier Apr 2017

Accessing Healthfulness Through Intrapersonal Communication: The Correlations Between Health Locus Of Control And Health Outcomes Behaviors, And Perceptions, Laura S. Gavin-Breier

Scholar Week 2016 - present

No abstract provided.


Empowerment Theological Action Model (Eta): A Qualitative Narrative Design Analysis Among Inner City Youth Exposed To Violence, Timothy F. Brown Apr 2017

Empowerment Theological Action Model (Eta): A Qualitative Narrative Design Analysis Among Inner City Youth Exposed To Violence, Timothy F. Brown

Scholar Week 2016 - present

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Leadership Style And Volunteer Intention To Staymark, Mark E. Smith Apr 2017

The Relationship Between Leadership Style And Volunteer Intention To Staymark, Mark E. Smith

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Cohort XI


The Political Glass Cliff: Potential Causes Of Female Underrepresentation In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Erica Browning Apr 2017

The Political Glass Cliff: Potential Causes Of Female Underrepresentation In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Erica Browning

Scholar Week 2016 - present

The "glass cliff’ effect has been studied widely within the business sphere, but there is limited research in how the effect applies to political bodies. This effect suggests that women are elected into positions of leadership during times of crisis or upheaval. This research will be an archival study of the 2006, 2008, and 2010 congressional elections, and to determine if female candidates are disproportionately represented in hard to win districts by their parties. Results show that while the underrepresentation of women can be partially mediated by winnability as determined by the parties previous success, there is still a significant ...


Predictable Politics: Whether Undergraduate Students’ College Majors Relate To Their Sociopolitical Views At Olivet Nazarene University, Joshua Dille Apr 2017

Predictable Politics: Whether Undergraduate Students’ College Majors Relate To Their Sociopolitical Views At Olivet Nazarene University, Joshua Dille

Scholar Week 2016 - present

By means of a campus-wide survey of current undergraduate ONU students, this correlational study (N = 1,277) determines the relationship between students’ chosen college major and their sociopolitical orientation. An online survey distributed in September 2016 collected information about students’ attitudes on various key issues, and the resulting data was analyzed in order to uncover patterns of sociopolitical orientation within specific groups of college majors. The results supported a statistically significant correlation between participants’ academic disciplines and sociopolitical views, even if the correlation was not very strong. These findings were assessed through the self-selection and socialization hypotheses as models for ...


Snapshots From The Fringe: Utilizing Photovoice To Discover Commuter Experiences At Onu, Dawn R. Broers, Jeff Gerstenberger, Caroline Miller Apr 2017

Snapshots From The Fringe: Utilizing Photovoice To Discover Commuter Experiences At Onu, Dawn R. Broers, Jeff Gerstenberger, Caroline Miller

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Abstract

Commuter students can make up about 75% of the student population on university campuses, but researchers have shown that retention is a great challenge among this population. This qualitative research study utilized photovoice to discover the experiences of the commuter population at ONU. Photovoice is a strategy used in participatory action research. Participants submitted photos that reflected their own lived experiences as a commuter student from their perspectives. These photographs, accompanying narratives, and a follow-up focus group led to the discovery of themes and proposed action plans that might improve their experiences. This workshop describes Photovoice and the results ...


Preparing Students For Applied Learning: Assessment Of Mentor Training, Denise Anderson, Michael Keigher Apr 2017

Preparing Students For Applied Learning: Assessment Of Mentor Training, Denise Anderson, Michael Keigher

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Applied learning plays an integral role in social work education. From the beginning of the program, social work majors complete a required 30 hour applied learning in a school setting where they mentor children. In order to better prepare the social work and other majors for the learning opportunity, this semester a 2 hour mentor training (that is offered to community members who mentor in the Kankakee School District) was required at the start of the semester. This presentation compares the post applied learning feedback from last semester and this semester (preliminary) to determine the impact of the training on ...


Teaching Comparative Economics In A Study-Abroad Program, Paul Koch Apr 2017

Teaching Comparative Economics In A Study-Abroad Program, Paul Koch

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Instruction in the field of comparative economics has changed dramatically over the past few decades. Once primarily a comparison of market capitalism and planned socialism, courses in this area now focus on the “varieties of capitalism,” including those manifestations which still retain a significant degree of governmental involvement. The continent of Europe provides an excellent case study in these contrasts. The International Business Institute (IBI) provides an excellent opportunity to teach these subjects in the context of the nations and regions under consideration.


An Examination Of How Sleep And Employment Variables Relate To Academic Success Among University Students, Sarah Albertson Apr 2017

An Examination Of How Sleep And Employment Variables Relate To Academic Success Among University Students, Sarah Albertson

Scholar Week 2016 - present

Author Abstract:

The goal of this research project is to identify whether or not there is a relationship between sleep, average hours students work, original motivation for employment and GPA. Previous research indicates a relationship between sleep and academic performance as well as a relationship between work habits and academic performance. This involved administering an online-format survey then performed a multiple regression analysis to determine whether average amount of sleep per week, quality of sleep, or original motivation for employment were significant predictors of GPA in students. The result of this study indicated that quality of sleep experienced by the ...