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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Prospects For Corn Ethanol In Argentina, Bruce A. Babcock, Miguel Carriquiry Jul 2012

Prospects For Corn Ethanol In Argentina, Bruce A. Babcock, Miguel Carriquiry

CARD Staff Reports

Countries that export biofuel feedstocks such as grain or sugar and that are also importers of motor fuels will have a natural competitive advantage over other countries in the production of biofuels. Argentina is one of a very few countries that both export potential feedstocks and import gasoline and diesel. This combination means that an Argentine ethanol plant will pay less for feedstock and receive a higher price for ethanol than an ethanol plant located in a country that imports feedstocks and exports motor fuels.

Argentina is the world’s second-largest exporter of corn. This export status, when combined with ...


Costs And Benefits To Taxpayers, Consumers, And Producers From U.S. Ethanol Policies, Bruce A. Babcock, Kanlaya J. Barr, Miguel Carriquiry Jul 2010

Costs And Benefits To Taxpayers, Consumers, And Producers From U.S. Ethanol Policies, Bruce A. Babcock, Kanlaya J. Barr, Miguel Carriquiry

CARD Staff Reports

The U.S. ethanol industry is lobbying hard for an extension of existing ethanol import tariffs and blenders tax credits before they expire at the end of 2010. The purpose of this study is to examine the likely consequences on the U.S. ethanol industry, corn producers, taxpayers, fuel blenders, and fuel consumers if current policy is not extended. Impacts of different ethanol policies in both 2011 and 2014 were estimated.

Estimates were obtained by developing a new stochastic model that calculates market-clearing prices for U.S. ethanol, Brazilian ethanol, and U.S. corn. The model is stochastic because market-clearing ...


An Exploration Of Certain Aspects Of Carb's Approach To Modeling Indirect Land Use From Expanded Biodiesel Production, Bruce A. Babcock, Miguel Carriquiry Feb 2010

An Exploration Of Certain Aspects Of Carb's Approach To Modeling Indirect Land Use From Expanded Biodiesel Production, Bruce A. Babcock, Miguel Carriquiry

CARD Staff Reports

This report provides insight into four aspects of modeling indirect land use caused by expanded biofuels production. The report was motivated by the National Biodiesel Board's interest in better understanding how the California Air Resources Board (CARB) estimated an indirect land-use factor for soybean-based biodiesel of 66 gCO2e/MJ, which is more than three times greater than the direct emissions from the fuel. Four aspects of CARB's modeling approach were examined: (1) why CARB estimates that more U.S. forest than pasture will be converted to cropland; (2) whether CARB's predicted land-use changes are consistent with observed ...


The 2007/08 Iowa Grain And Biofuel Flow Study: A Survey Report, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Chad E. Hart Aug 2009

The 2007/08 Iowa Grain And Biofuel Flow Study: A Survey Report, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Chad E. Hart

CARD Staff Reports

Driven by the expanding production of biofuels, the linkage between the agricultural and energy markets is evolving, and that has changed the market for agricultural commodities dramatically. These developments in agricultural markets consequently shifted the distribution of domestic grains and feeds and the utilization of shipping modes for these agricultural products. As the leading producer of corn, soybeans, and biofuels, Iowa is at the forefront of this shift. Because of the importance of maintaining an adequate state transportation system to accommodate the evolving patterns of grain and biofuel flows, it is important to have current information about grain flows from ...


The 2006/07 Iowa Grain And Biofuel Flow Study: A Survey Report, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Chad E. Hart Oct 2008

The 2006/07 Iowa Grain And Biofuel Flow Study: A Survey Report, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Chad E. Hart

CARD Staff Reports

This report is divided into two sections. The first part reports the statewide results for each of five surveyed groups: Iowa grain marketers, Iowa grain handlers, Iowa corn processors, Iowa soybean processors, and Iowa biodiesel producers. The state-level results provide a general idea of the grain and biofuel flows that occurred and the transportation that was utilized in the biofuel-boom era. In order to gain further insights into the regional level data, we present the survey results of grain marketers and handlers in each crop reporting district (CRD) in the second part of the report.


Emerging Biofuels: Outlook Of Effects On U.S. Grain, Oilseed, And Livestock Markets, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad E. Hart, John C. Beghin Jul 2007

Emerging Biofuels: Outlook Of Effects On U.S. Grain, Oilseed, And Livestock Markets, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid, Jacinto F. Fabiosa, Dermot J. Hayes, Bruce A. Babcock, Tun-Hsiang (Edward) Yu, Fengxia Dong, Chad E. Hart, John C. Beghin

CARD Staff Reports

Projections of U.S. ethanol production and its impacts on planted acreage, crop prices, livestock production and prices, trade, and retail food costs are presented under the assumption that current tax credits and trade policies are maintained. The projections were made using a multi-product, multi-country deterministic partial equilibrium model. The impacts of higher oil prices, a drought combined with an ethanol mandate, and removal of land from the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP) relative to baseline projections are also presented. The results indicate that expanded U.S. ethanol production will cause long-run crop prices to increase. In response to higher feed ...