Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Oil, Gas, and Energy

Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 1018

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Economic Feasibility Of Mixed Plastic Waste Pyrolysis Using Twin Reactor System In Northwest Arkansas, Carol Rogers, Patricia Means, Renato Gonzalez, Kaida Sheets, Hayden Townsend May 2021

Economic Feasibility Of Mixed Plastic Waste Pyrolysis Using Twin Reactor System In Northwest Arkansas, Carol Rogers, Patricia Means, Renato Gonzalez, Kaida Sheets, Hayden Townsend

Chemical Engineering Undergraduate Honors Theses

Plastic waste generation is increasing at an unsustainable rate while recycling solutions remain stagnant. As a chemical means of recycling, mixed plastic waste pyrolysis can generate synthetic oil appropriate for use as fuel in power generation from plastic waste that otherwise accumulates in landfills. With the scaling of a commercial plastic pyrolysis process in Northwest Arkansas (NWA) modeled after an operational sawdust pyrolysis unit in Huntsville, Arkansas, economic analysis resulted in 26.3% internal rate of return. Therefore, construction of a commercial mixed plastic-to-fuel pyrolysis plant is economically justified and should be pursued. To effectively implement the proposed design, NWA ...


A Multiperiod Consensus-Based Transactive Energy System For Unbalanced Distribution Networks, Rui Cheng, Leigh Tesfatsion, Zhaoyu Wang Apr 2021

A Multiperiod Consensus-Based Transactive Energy System For Unbalanced Distribution Networks, Rui Cheng, Leigh Tesfatsion, Zhaoyu Wang

Economics Working Papers

This study develops a consensus-based transactive energy system design managed by an independent distribution system operator (DSO) for an unbalanced radial distribution network. The network is populated by welfare-maximizing customers with price-sensitive and fixed (non-price-sensitive) demands who make multiple successive power decisions during each real-time operating period OP. The DSO and customers engage in an iterative negotiation process in advance of each OP to determine retail price-to-go sequences for OP that align customer power decisions with network reliability constraints in a manner that respects customer privacy. The convergence properties of a dual decomposition algorithm developed to implement this negotiation process ...


Willingness To Participate In Demand Response In The Us Midwest: A Market With Great Potential?, Abigail Morton, Yu Wang, Wendong Zhang Feb 2021

Willingness To Participate In Demand Response In The Us Midwest: A Market With Great Potential?, Abigail Morton, Yu Wang, Wendong Zhang

CARD Policy Briefs

Demand response uses smart technologies to lower peak electricity load by either shifting demand to non-peak hours or directly shaving peak demand. DR is a fast-growing market in which commercial and industrial customers are the primary providers of resources; however, DR helps heavy electrical consumers save energy and avoid demand charges, and it helps utilities save money and deter investment on expensive transmission and distribution lines. DR also has great potential to balance renewables by providing ramping and flexibility services to the electricity market. This capacity is increasingly important to electrical grids, as is the integration of more renewable energy.


The Traded Water Footprint Of Global Energy From 2010 To 2018, Christopher M. Chini, Rebecca A. M. Peer Jan 2021

The Traded Water Footprint Of Global Energy From 2010 To 2018, Christopher M. Chini, Rebecca A. M. Peer

Faculty Publications

The energy-water nexus describes the requirement of water-for-energy and energy-for-water. The consumption of water in the production and generation of energy resources is also deemed virtual water. Pairing the virtual water estimates for energy with international trade data creates a virtual water trade network, facilitating analysis of global water resources management. In this database, we identify the virtual water footprints for the trade of eleven different energy commodities including fossil fuels, biomass, and electricity. Additionally, we provide the necessary scripts for downloading and pairing trade data with the virtual water footprints to create a virtual water trade network. The resulting ...


An Analysis Of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Adoption For Household Cooking In Nigeria, Saheed Olanrewaju Lasisi Jan 2021

An Analysis Of Liquefied Petroleum Gas Adoption For Household Cooking In Nigeria, Saheed Olanrewaju Lasisi

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The Nigerian government established a domestic liquefied petroleum gas penetration program (DLPGPP) to support Nigerian households that still use traditional fuels, which are inefficient and hazardous for users while polluting and degrading the environment. Little is known about the relationships that exist among liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) accessibility, LPG affordability, and LPG adoption to guide DLPGPP implementation. Narrowing this gap was the purpose of this study using the general framework of consumer theory. The study's research questions addressed the effects of LPG affordability and LPG accessibility on LPG adoption for cooking in Nigeria’s households. A cross-sectional, correlational survey ...


The Economic And Environmental Costs And Benefits Of The Renewable Fuel Standard, Luoye Chen, Deepayan Debnath, Jia Zhong, Kelsie Ferin, Andy Vanloocke, Madhu Khanna Jan 2021

The Economic And Environmental Costs And Benefits Of The Renewable Fuel Standard, Luoye Chen, Deepayan Debnath, Jia Zhong, Kelsie Ferin, Andy Vanloocke, Madhu Khanna

Agronomy Publications

Mandates, like the renewable fuel standard (RFS), for biofuels from corn and cellulosic feedstocks, impact the environment in multiple ways by affecting land use, nitrogen (N)-leakage, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. We analyze the differing trade-offs these different types of biofuels offer among these multi-dimensional environmental effects and convert them to a monetized value of environmental damages (or benefits) that can be compared with the economic costs of extending these mandates over the 2016–2030 period. The discounted values of cumulative net benefits (or costs) are then compared to those with a counterfactual level of biofuels that would have ...


Relationship Between Hotels' Design Adequacy And Hoteliers' Perception Of Sustainable Energy Management In Abuja, Nigeria, Aisha Isa Shehu, Bala Ishiyaku, Hadiza Balarabe Kudan, Sani Inusa Milala Dec 2020

Relationship Between Hotels' Design Adequacy And Hoteliers' Perception Of Sustainable Energy Management In Abuja, Nigeria, Aisha Isa Shehu, Bala Ishiyaku, Hadiza Balarabe Kudan, Sani Inusa Milala

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Energy is a sustainability issue receiving primary global concern. Improving energy efficiency and utilizing renewable resources are important in building energy sustainability. An energy-efficient design is a basis for controlling energy efficiency in buildings, and it is highly motivated by the sustainable energy management perception of relevant stakeholders. Hotels have high energy intensities and high working costs. This study investigates the relationship between hotel design adequacy and hoteliers' perception of sustainable energy management in Abuja, Nigeria. The investigation embraces quantitative structure utilizing exploratory and elucidating techniques. The mean ranking and Pearson product-moment correlation results revealed substantial and weak positive correlations ...


Industrial Biotechnology—An Industry At An Inflection Point, Nathan Danielson, Sarah Mckay, Paul Bloom, Jennifer Dunn, Neal Jakel, Timothy Bauer, John Hannon, Michael C. Jewett, Brent H. Shanks Dec 2020

Industrial Biotechnology—An Industry At An Inflection Point, Nathan Danielson, Sarah Mckay, Paul Bloom, Jennifer Dunn, Neal Jakel, Timothy Bauer, John Hannon, Michael C. Jewett, Brent H. Shanks

Chemical and Biological Engineering Publications

Industrial biotechnology is poised for dramatic growth. A confluence of consumer demand; attractive feedstock quantity, quality, and price; and technical innovation has created a perfect situation for the industry to significantly expand. Since the 2004 Werpy and Peterson paper, “Top Value Added Chemicals from Biomass,” the biobased manufacturing industry and the technologies that make these processes and products possible has evolved significantly.1 New technology continues to advance, and there is increasing consumer and industry demand for biobased materials. Paired with increasing on-farm efficiency and sustainability considerations, these are all factors that are driving the bioeconomy forward. This paper reviews ...


Puerto Rico’S Electric Power System: An Analysis Of Contemporary Failures And The Opportunity To Rebuild A More Resilient Grid, Including The Development Of A Utility-Scale Solar Farm On The Island Municipality Of Culebra, Federico Sotomayor Dec 2020

Puerto Rico’S Electric Power System: An Analysis Of Contemporary Failures And The Opportunity To Rebuild A More Resilient Grid, Including The Development Of A Utility-Scale Solar Farm On The Island Municipality Of Culebra, Federico Sotomayor

International Development, Community and Environment (IDCE)

Puerto Rico’s grid was decimated in 2017 after experiencing back-to-back hurricanes – Maria and Irma. Although the hurricanes caused tremendous damage and hardship to the island, it also created the right circumstances for the local energy landscape to transition toward a more resilient and sustainable model. Through an analysis of recent challenges by the local electric utility PREPA, and subsequent fallout from the hurricanes, we see that they now hold a unique opportunity to redeem themselves by taking advantage of catalyzed resources to rebuild a better system. One region that could greatly benefit from an improved and reimagined grid are ...


Analysis Of Oil Tanker Collisions In The Republic Of Korea Using A Hybrid Approach, Byungchurl Ku Nov 2020

Analysis Of Oil Tanker Collisions In The Republic Of Korea Using A Hybrid Approach, Byungchurl Ku

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Mind The Cap : Case Study Of Sulpher 2020 Cap For Vietnam Tanker Joint Stock Company, Tran Hai Au La Nov 2020

Mind The Cap : Case Study Of Sulpher 2020 Cap For Vietnam Tanker Joint Stock Company, Tran Hai Au La

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Elaia 2020, Stephen Case Oct 2020

Elaia 2020, Stephen Case

ELAIA

No abstract provided.


Energy Demand And Economic Growth: Public Opinion And Mutual Exclusivity, Nicholas L. Silvis Oct 2020

Energy Demand And Economic Growth: Public Opinion And Mutual Exclusivity, Nicholas L. Silvis

Student Publications

The world is currently undergoing an energy transition from primarily fossil fuels to cleaner energy. The developing world is becoming more advanced, spawning relentless economic growth and an increase in energy consumption. Energy demand and economic growth are inextricably linked which poses a paradoxical question about future economic growth during a period of energy transition. Unfortunately, the transition requires large upfront costs with no guaranteed net benefit. A multitude of studies depict the impact of education, party identification, and age on how individuals perceive alternative energy. This study shows that views on governmental spending and party membership have a paradoxical ...


Spatiotemporal Variations Of City-Level Carbon Emissions In China During 2000–2017 Using Nighttime Light Data, Yu Sun, Sheng Zheng, Yuzhe Wu, Uwe Schlink, Ramesh P. Singh Sep 2020

Spatiotemporal Variations Of City-Level Carbon Emissions In China During 2000–2017 Using Nighttime Light Data, Yu Sun, Sheng Zheng, Yuzhe Wu, Uwe Schlink, Ramesh P. Singh

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

China is one of the largest carbon emitting countries in the world. Numerous strategies have been considered by the Chinese government to mitigate carbon emissions in recent years. Accurate and timely estimation of spatiotemporal variations of city-level carbon emissions is of vital importance for planning of low-carbon strategies. For an assessment of the spatiotemporal variations of city-level carbon emissions in China during the periods 2000–2017, we used nighttime light data as a proxy from two sources: Defense Meteorological Satellite Program’s Operational Linescan System (DMSP-OLS) data and the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership satellite’s Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite ...


Odu Researchers Lead Team That Secured Department Of Defense Offshore Wind Grant, News @ Odu Aug 2020

Odu Researchers Lead Team That Secured Department Of Defense Offshore Wind Grant, News @ Odu

News Items

No abstract provided.


Economic Analysis Of Vessel Sox Emission Reduction Measures In The Context Of China, Peng Guan Aug 2020

Economic Analysis Of Vessel Sox Emission Reduction Measures In The Context Of China, Peng Guan

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Notes On The Gridlab-D Household Equivalent Thermal Parameter Model, Leigh Tesfatsion, Swathi Battula Jul 2020

Notes On The Gridlab-D Household Equivalent Thermal Parameter Model, Leigh Tesfatsion, Swathi Battula

Economics Working Papers

GridLAB-D (GLD) is an agent-based platform, developed by researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, that permits users to accurately simulate the state dynamics of power distribution systems at time scales ranging from sub-seconds to years. The purpose of this study is to present, in careful comprehensive form, a complete analytical state-space control representation for a version of the GLD Household Equivalent Thermal Parameter Model as support documentation for model users. This model is a physically-based implementation of a household with multiple price-responsive and conventional appliances whose thermal dynamics are determined over successive days by resident appliance usage and external weather ...


Analytical Scuc/Sced Optimization Formulation For Ames V5.0, Leigh Tesfatsion, Swathi Battula Jul 2020

Analytical Scuc/Sced Optimization Formulation For Ames V5.0, Leigh Tesfatsion, Swathi Battula

Economics Working Papers

U.S. centrally-managed wholesale power markets currently rely on Security-Constrained Unit Commitment (SCUC) and Security Constrained Economic Dispatch (SCED) optimizations to determine unit commitments, reserve, and scheduled dispatch levels for generating units during future operating periods. AMES V5.0 is an open source Java/Python platform that implements a combined SCUC/SCED optimization capturing salient features of these actual market SCUC/SCED optimizations. This report provides extensive documentation for the analytical formulation of the AMES V5.0 SCUC/SCED optimization.


Will Urbanization In Developing Countries Reduce Carbon Emissions? Panel Data Evidence From Pakistani Household Surveys, Syed M. Hasan, Wendong Zhang May 2020

Will Urbanization In Developing Countries Reduce Carbon Emissions? Panel Data Evidence From Pakistani Household Surveys, Syed M. Hasan, Wendong Zhang

Economics Working Papers

Using four rounds of nationwide household survey data from the Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey from 2005 to 2014, we provide the first empirical estimates of districts’ carbon emissions and their changes over time based on representative households’ energy consumption. We find that hotspots for carbon emissions in Pakistan tend to cluster around megacities—Islamabad has the highest per capita carbon emissions. This is contradictory to the compact city hypothesis that denser cities are greener, with lower per-capita carbon emissions, than remote cities, and suggest that urbanization in developing countries may not reduce carbon emissions. Our results also ...


Crude Intentions: Evaluating The Growing Risks Of Arctic Alaskan Oil Production, Eliot Stein Apr 2020

Crude Intentions: Evaluating The Growing Risks Of Arctic Alaskan Oil Production, Eliot Stein

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The discovery of oil on Alaska’s North Slope in the 1920s began a century of fossil fuel exploration, development, and production in the Arctic region. Alaska became integral to the nation’s growing energy dominance. However, since 1988, oil production on the North Slope has been in steady decline. In 2015, Shell, followed by several other oil majors, terminated their Arctic Alaska operations. This past year, BP made waves by ending six decades of operations in Alaska. Most recently, five of the six major U.S. banks announced they would no longer finance Arctic oil and gas projects. This ...


Indigenous Communities Versus Oil Companies: Identifying Trends In Tactics And Success Of Indigenous-Led Anti-Petroleum Movements In The Ecuadorian Amazon, Ella V. H. Carlson Apr 2020

Indigenous Communities Versus Oil Companies: Identifying Trends In Tactics And Success Of Indigenous-Led Anti-Petroleum Movements In The Ecuadorian Amazon, Ella V. H. Carlson

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

In roughly the last 50 years, the Ecuadorian Amazon has become the epicenter of petroleum production in Ecuador. As oil companies attempt to exploit more and more of the rainforest, they have encroached on indigenous lands, leading to violations of indigenous rights through environmental destruction. As their territories have been invaded, indigenous groups throughout the Amazon have formed movements large and small in resistance to petroleum activities. Scholars have studied select campaigns in the past, but the literature lacks a comparative review of the characteristics of those movements. This paper compiles histories of seven campaigns against petroleum in the Ecuadorian ...


Kitchen Chronicles And Crude Expectations: Understanding Everyday Life In The Upper Ecuadorian Amazon, Emily A. Babb Apr 2020

Kitchen Chronicles And Crude Expectations: Understanding Everyday Life In The Upper Ecuadorian Amazon, Emily A. Babb

Senior Theses

My thesis examines the everyday life of my Ecuadorian, Kichwa host family in an attempt to better understand how, if at all, they interact with and think about oil companies on a regular basis. In this way, I attempted to supplement the current literature, which tends to focus on the large, contentious interactions between indigenous people and the petroleum industry. It was my hope to expand the understanding of their identities both within and outside the context of oil and to show the complexity of their relationship with petroleum companies.


Dual-Axis Solar Tracker, Bryan Kennedy Jan 2020

Dual-Axis Solar Tracker, Bryan Kennedy

All Undergraduate Projects

Renewable energies, and fuels that are not fossil fuel-based, are one of the prolific topics of debate in modern society. With climate change now becoming a primary focus for scientists and innovators of today, one of the areas for the largest amount of potential and growth is that of the capturing and utilization of Solar Energy. This method involves using a mechanical system to track the progression of the sun as it traverses the sky throughout the day. A dual-axis solar tracker such as the one designed and built for this project, can follow the sun both azimuthally and in ...


Coal Mining Sector Contribution To Environmental Conditions And Human Development Index In East Kalimantan Province, Kunny Izza Indah Afkarina, Sindhung Wardana, Poerborini Damayanti Dec 2019

Coal Mining Sector Contribution To Environmental Conditions And Human Development Index In East Kalimantan Province, Kunny Izza Indah Afkarina, Sindhung Wardana, Poerborini Damayanti

Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development

Coal mining has been one of the issues that led to pros and cons in Indonesia. Research shows that mining activities are one of the factors that affect people’s incomes and local and national economic development. However, mining is a lucrative activity that leads to construction booms that attract population growth and lead to deforestation, thus affecting the environmental conditions of a region. The coal mining industry of Indonesian province of East Kalimantan, on the island of Borneo, provides most of the economic base needed to build the infrastructure and provide energy of the country. Kalimantan Province accounts for ...


A Test System For Ercot Market Design Studies: Development And Application, Swathi Battula, Leigh Tesfatsion, Thomas E. Mcdermott Dec 2019

A Test System For Ercot Market Design Studies: Development And Application, Swathi Battula, Leigh Tesfatsion, Thomas E. Mcdermott

Economics Working Papers

The ERCOT Test System developed in this study is an open-source library of Java/Python software classes, together with a synthetic grid construction method, specifically designed to facilitate the study of ERCOT market operations over successive days. In default form, these classes permit a high-level modeling of existing ERCOT market operations. Users can conduct a broad range of computational experiments under alternative parameter settings. In addition, users can readily extend these classes to model additional existing or envisioned ERCOT market features to suit different research purposes. An 8-bus test case is used to illustrate the capabilities of the test system ...


Environmental Regulation Of Emerging Offshore Oil And Gas Activities In Somalia, Abubakar Mohamud Abubakar Nov 2019

Environmental Regulation Of Emerging Offshore Oil And Gas Activities In Somalia, Abubakar Mohamud Abubakar

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Assessing The Limitations Of Integrating Energy And Environmental Standards Into Seaports Of Small Island Developing States, Matthew Kensen Nov 2019

Assessing The Limitations Of Integrating Energy And Environmental Standards Into Seaports Of Small Island Developing States, Matthew Kensen

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


The Significance Of Marine Autonomous Surface Ships: Prospects To The Philippine Maritime Industry, Dennis A. Pandeagua Nov 2019

The Significance Of Marine Autonomous Surface Ships: Prospects To The Philippine Maritime Industry, Dennis A. Pandeagua

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan: Analysis Of Biofouling Effect On Co2 Emission Performance Of Iraq Non-Trading Fleet, Oudah Salim Mohammed Ali Alshawi, Tsitskishvili Avtandil Nov 2019

Ship Energy Efficiency Management Plan: Analysis Of Biofouling Effect On Co2 Emission Performance Of Iraq Non-Trading Fleet, Oudah Salim Mohammed Ali Alshawi, Tsitskishvili Avtandil

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Study Of National Laws Of Vietnam On Compensation For Ship-Source Oil Pollution, Mai Thanh Truc Nguyen Nov 2019

A Study Of National Laws Of Vietnam On Compensation For Ship-Source Oil Pollution, Mai Thanh Truc Nguyen

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.