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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Evaluation Of The Evidence Between Consumption Of Refined Grains And Health Outcomes, Peter G. Williams Feb 2012

Evaluation Of The Evidence Between Consumption Of Refined Grains And Health Outcomes, Peter G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This review evaluates the available evidence on the relationship between consumption of refined grains and health outcomes. A total of 135 relevant articles were identified from database searches of studies published between 2000 and 2010. The great majority found no associations between the intake of refined grain foods and cardiovascular disease, diabetes, weight gain or overall mortality. A few studies found that very high intakes might be associated with some types of cancers, but at moderate levels of consumption the risks were not significant. The totality of evidence shows that consumption of up to 50% of all grain foods as ...


Poor Food And Nutrient Intake Among Indigenous And Non-Indigenous Rural Australian Children, Josephine D. Gwynn, Victoria M. Flood, Catherine A. D'Este, John R. Attia, Nicole Turner, Janine Cochrane, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, John H. Wiggers Jan 2012

Poor Food And Nutrient Intake Among Indigenous And Non-Indigenous Rural Australian Children, Josephine D. Gwynn, Victoria M. Flood, Catherine A. D'Este, John R. Attia, Nicole Turner, Janine Cochrane, Jimmy Chun Yu Louie, John H. Wiggers

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to describe the food and nutrient intake of a population of rural Australian children particularly Indigenous children. Participants were aged 10 to 12 years, and living in areas of relative socio-economic disadvantage on the north coast of New South Wales. METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study 215 children with a mean age of 11.30 (SD 0.04) years (including 82 Indigenous children and 93 boys) completed three 24-hour food recalls (including 1 weekend day), over an average of two weeks in the Australian summer of late 2005. RESULTS: A high proportion of ...


Phonic Respiration And Its Impact On Carbon Dioxide Rebreathing In Respiratory Protective Devices, Carmen L. Smith, Jane L. Whitelaw, Brian Davies Jan 2012

Phonic Respiration And Its Impact On Carbon Dioxide Rebreathing In Respiratory Protective Devices, Carmen L. Smith, Jane L. Whitelaw, Brian Davies

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the International Society for Respiratory Protection Sixteenth Biennial Conference, 23-27 September 2012, Boston, United States


Relationship Between Breast-Feeding And Adiposity In Infants And Pre-School Children, Bamini Gopinath, Indhu Subramanian, Victoria M. Flood, Louise A. Baur, Natalie Pfund, George Burlutsky, Paul Mitchell Jan 2012

Relationship Between Breast-Feeding And Adiposity In Infants And Pre-School Children, Bamini Gopinath, Indhu Subramanian, Victoria M. Flood, Louise A. Baur, Natalie Pfund, George Burlutsky, Paul Mitchell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives: We aimed to establish associations of duration of breast-feeding with mean BMI and waist circumference, as well as the likelihood of being overweight/ obese, during early childhood. Design: Cross-sectional, population-based study. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured and BMI calculated. Interviewer-administered questionnaire determined whether the child was ever breast-fed and the duration of breast-feeding. Setting: Sydney, Australia. Subjects: Infants and pre-school children (n 2092) aged 1-6 years were examined in the Sydney Paediatric Eye Disease Study during 2007-2009. Results: Of the children aged 1-6 years, 1270 had been breast-fed compared with 822 who were never breast-fed. After multivariable ...


Alone Yet Not Alone: Networks And Regional Facilitation In Leading A University Campus, Robbie Collins Jan 2012

Alone Yet Not Alone: Networks And Regional Facilitation In Leading A University Campus, Robbie Collins

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Abstract presented at the London Women's Leadership Symposium, The Oxford and Cambridge Club, London, 8-9 December 2012


Comparison Of The Dietadvice Website In The Clinical Trial And Primary Healthcare Contexts, Yasmine Probst, Kathryn Boyd, Virva Walkington, Linda C. Tapsell Jan 2012

Comparison Of The Dietadvice Website In The Clinical Trial And Primary Healthcare Contexts, Yasmine Probst, Kathryn Boyd, Virva Walkington, Linda C. Tapsell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of the DietAdvice website, a self-administered online dietary assessment, in the context of a dietary intervention randomized controlled trial [ACTRN 12608000425392]. Data available from a total of n=118 volunteers recruited to the dietary trial and using the website in the clinic at t=0, 3 and 12mo was compared with that obtained from diet histories (DH) and 3-day food record (FR). Fasting blood samples from these time points were also correlated with the macronutrient values obtained. Complete web based records were obtained for 65% of participants at t=0 ...


The Face Inversion Effect Following Pitch And Yaw Rotations: Investigating The Boundaries Of Holistic Processing., Simone K. Favelle Jan 2012

The Face Inversion Effect Following Pitch And Yaw Rotations: Investigating The Boundaries Of Holistic Processing., Simone K. Favelle

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Upright faces are thought to be processed holistically. However, the range of views within which holistic processing occurs is unknown. Recent research by McKone (2008) suggests that holistic processing occurs for all yaw-rotated face views (i.e., full-face through to profile). Herewe examined whether holistic processing occurs for pitch, aswell as yaw, rotated face views. In this face recognition experiment: (i) participants made same/different judgments about two sequentially presented faces (either both upright or both inverted); (ii) the test face was pitch/yaw rotated by between 0° and 75° from the encoding face (always a full-face view). Our logic ...


Perception Of Mooney Faces By Young Infants: The Role Of Local Feature Visibility, Contrast Polarity And Motion, Yumiko Otsuka, Harold C. H Hill, So Kanazawa, Masami K. Yamaguchi, Branka Spehar Jan 2012

Perception Of Mooney Faces By Young Infants: The Role Of Local Feature Visibility, Contrast Polarity And Motion, Yumiko Otsuka, Harold C. H Hill, So Kanazawa, Masami K. Yamaguchi, Branka Spehar

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

We examined the ability of young infants (3- and 4-month-olds) to detect faces in the two-tone images often referred to as Mooney faces. In Experiment 1, this performance was examined in conditions of high and low visibility of local features and with either the presence or absence of the outer head contour. We found that regardless of the presence of the outer head contour, infants preferred upright over inverted two-tone face images only when local features were highly visible (Experiment 1a). We showed that this upright preference disappeared when the contrast polarity of twotone images was reversed (Experiment 1b), reflecting ...


Vection Can Be Induced Without Global-Motion Awareness, Takeharu Seno, Stephen A. Palmisano, Hiroyuki Ito, Shoji Sunaga Jan 2012

Vection Can Be Induced Without Global-Motion Awareness, Takeharu Seno, Stephen A. Palmisano, Hiroyuki Ito, Shoji Sunaga

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

A new vection illusion is reported. Vection was induced even though there was no consciously perceived global display motion corresponding to the self-motion. The resulting experience can be summarised as: ``I feel that I am moving but I do not know why''.


A Comparison Of Treatment Outcomes For Individuals With Substance Use Disorder Alone And Individuals With Probable Dual Diagnosis, Elizabeth K. Cridland, Frank P. Deane, Ching-I Hsu, Peter J. Kelly Jan 2012

A Comparison Of Treatment Outcomes For Individuals With Substance Use Disorder Alone And Individuals With Probable Dual Diagnosis, Elizabeth K. Cridland, Frank P. Deane, Ching-I Hsu, Peter J. Kelly

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The co-occurrence of substance use and mental health problems, often referred to as dual diagnosis (DD), is increasingly recognised as commonplace within substance abuse treatment programs. Two-hundred and thirty-four individuals from 9 Australian Salvation Army drug and alcohol rehabilitation programs completed a 3-month post-discharge telephone follow-up. Using a cut-off score from the Psychiatric Subscale of the Addiction Severity Index (5th ed.), 66.7% were classified as likely to have DD and 33.3% as substance use disorder only (SUD). Both groups reported comparable and decreased substance use levels at follow-up, yet DD individuals perceived less improvement in substance use problems ...


Directionless Vection: A New Illusory Self-Motion Perception, Takeharu Seno, Y Yamada, Stephen A. Palmisano Jan 2012

Directionless Vection: A New Illusory Self-Motion Perception, Takeharu Seno, Y Yamada, Stephen A. Palmisano

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

We report a new visual illusion, "directionless vection." When expanding and contracting optic flows are simultaneously presented in the same depth plane, observers can perceive illusory self-motion (vection) without direction


'Is A True Story Always True?' : An Approach To Fictionalizing Matthew Flinders' Narrative Of Tom Thumb's Cruize To Canoe Rivulet, Catherine Mckinnon Jan 2012

'Is A True Story Always True?' : An Approach To Fictionalizing Matthew Flinders' Narrative Of Tom Thumb's Cruize To Canoe Rivulet, Catherine Mckinnon

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

First-person narrations of historical events are powerful. Yet readers, gripped by the story, often neglect to question the narrative form. What strategies guided their progression through the story? Were those strategies employed to shape their judgments about the people and events portrayed? One of the tales in the creative component of my recently completed practice-led PhD was based on Matthew Flinders’ Narrative of Tom Thumb’s cruize to Canoe Rivulet (Flinders 1985): a first-person account of the exploration trip Flinders, George Bass, and Bass’s servant, William Martin, took along the south coast of New South Wales. I was writing ...


Heightened Potentials: Assisting Students To Work Independently And Collaboratively In The Creative And Performing Arts Disciplines, Lotte Latukefu, Marcus O'Donnell, Grant N. Ellmers Jan 2012

Heightened Potentials: Assisting Students To Work Independently And Collaboratively In The Creative And Performing Arts Disciplines, Lotte Latukefu, Marcus O'Donnell, Grant N. Ellmers

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Australian universities are currently engaged in a number of important intersecting curriculum review and quality assurance process. These include development of university-based Graduate Qualities and development of national, discipline-based Standards. It is increasingly apparent that identifying, clarifying, measuring and promoting these markers of quality will play a vital role in the evolution of rigorous curriculum standards in the next few years. The aims of the current research project are to identify how learning and assessment are organised in music, theatre, graphic design and journalism programs in a Faculty of Creative Arts to assist students to work independently and collaboratively in ...


Mobbing, Suppression Of Dissent/Discontent, Whistleblowing, And Social Medicine, Brian Martin, Florencia Pena Sanit Martin Jan 2012

Mobbing, Suppression Of Dissent/Discontent, Whistleblowing, And Social Medicine, Brian Martin, Florencia Pena Sanit Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Humans can be ruthless in attacking each other — even without any physical violence. Individuals can be targets, sometimes inside organisations, sometimes in domestic or public arenas. In workplaces, for example, individuals can be singled out for attack because they are different or because they are a threat or unwanted by those with power. Targets of attack often suffer enormously, with severe effects on their health and well-being. Society is also damaged through loss of conscientious workers and citizens and through squelching of ideas that deserve attention. To understand these sorts of dynamics, there are several concepts that are helpful, including ...


Power Of The Korean Film Producer: Dictator Park Chung Hee's Forgotten Film Cartel Of The 1960s Golden Decade And Its Legacy, Ae-Gyung Shim, Brian Yecies Jan 2012

Power Of The Korean Film Producer: Dictator Park Chung Hee's Forgotten Film Cartel Of The 1960s Golden Decade And Its Legacy, Ae-Gyung Shim, Brian Yecies

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

After censorship was eliminated in 1996, a new breed of writer-directors created a canon of internationally provocative and visually stunning genre-bending hit films, and new and established producers infused unprecedented venture capital into the local industry. Today, a bevy of key producers, including vertically integrated Korean conglomerates, maintain dominance over the film industry while engaging in a variety of relatively near-transparent domestic and international expansion strategies. Backing hits at home as well as collaborating with filmmakers in China and Hollywood have become priorities. In stark contrast to the way in which the film business is conducted today is Korean cinema ...


Instructing, Constructing, Deconstructing: The Embodied And Disembodied Performances Of Yoko Ono, Vera Mackie Jan 2012

Instructing, Constructing, Deconstructing: The Embodied And Disembodied Performances Of Yoko Ono, Vera Mackie

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Modernism has been described as 'either a time-bound or a genre-bound art form'. In generic terms, modernist art has been described as 'experimental,formally complex, elliptical, contain[ing] elements of decreation as well as creation, and tend[ing] to associate notions of the artist's freedom from realism, materialism, traditional genre and form.... . Modernist art forms have further been described as those which are '.... aesthetically radical, contain striking technical innovation, emphasize spatial or "fugal" as opposed to chronological form, ten towards ironic modes, and involve a certain "dehumanization" of art'. Modernist art deploys the techniques of montage, collage, mixed-media assemblages ...


The 'Afghan Girls': Media Representations And Frames Of War, Vera Mackie Jan 2012

The 'Afghan Girls': Media Representations And Frames Of War, Vera Mackie

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this article, I survey almost a decade of visual representations of Afghan women, which have emanated from first world media organizations and have circulated in transnational media space. Only one of the photographs is explicitly linked with a political discussion. However, all of the photographs contribute to a set of possible statements about veiling and unveiling. Through discourse analysis informed by a genealogical approach, I demonstrate how these photographs contribute to the constitution of a set of power relations whereby the United States and its Allies have sovereignty and where it seems 'natural' that these sovereign nations can intervene ...


La Enseñanza De La Pronunciacion Del Castellano A Aprendices Irlandeses. Contrastes Dialectales De Interés, Alfredo Herrero De Haro, M Antonieta Andión Herrero Jan 2012

La Enseñanza De La Pronunciacion Del Castellano A Aprendices Irlandeses. Contrastes Dialectales De Interés, Alfredo Herrero De Haro, M Antonieta Andión Herrero

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper deals with the teaching of Spanish pronunciation to Irish students. If we want learners to achieve a good command of the sounds of Castilian Spanish, we must focus on the phonetic/phonological distance between English and Spanish; however, it is the phonetic/phonological distance between the regional variety of the L1 of the speaker and Castilian Spanish (the variety that we adopt as the target model) that will have the biggest influence in this learning process. After comparing linguistic peculiarities of the English language (RP), and of the variety of the Republic of Ireland, with those of Castilian ...


Book Review Of J. L. Collins And V. Mayer (2010) Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform And The Race To The Bottom Of The Low-Wage Labor Market, Scott Burrows Jan 2012

Book Review Of J. L. Collins And V. Mayer (2010) Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform And The Race To The Bottom Of The Low-Wage Labor Market, Scott Burrows

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Jane L Collins and Victoria Mayer's book, Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom of the Low-Wage Labor Market provides a timely analysis on the state of contemporary welfare reform in the USA with a focus on the lives of 33 women in Milwaukee and Racine, Wisconsin, As the book notes, these areas were formerly manufacturing centres but in the recent years have experienced deindustrialization and an emergent service-based economy that continues to have quite dramatic effects on the lives of low-wage workers.


Digital Media: The Cultural Politics Of Information, Andrew M. Whelan Jan 2012

Digital Media: The Cultural Politics Of Information, Andrew M. Whelan

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The term 'digital media' is contrastive - specifically, it is contrasted with 'analogue media'. This binary runs roughly in parallel with the distinction drawn between 'new' and 'old media', although, of course, new media are now not quite as 'new' as they once were. Technically speaking, where analogue technologies record signals as electric pulses (and usually to a fixed physical format, or intended for diffusion through such formats); digital technologies render those signals in binary form, as sequences of zeroes and ones. While the distinction is somewhat blurry, examples of analogue media include television, radio, vinyl records, video and audio cassettes ...


Backfire Manual: Tactics Against Injustice, Brian Martin Jan 2012

Backfire Manual: Tactics Against Injustice, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In 1991, protesters in Dili, East Timor were massacred by Indonesian troops. This turned out to be a political disaster for the Indonesian government, greatly increasing international support for the East Timorese independence struggle. The massacre backfired on the Indonesian government. The Backfire Manual explains why. Imagine you're planning an action and think you might come under attack. Maybe it's a rally and there's a risk of police brutality. Maybe you're exposing government corruption and there could be reprisals against your group. To be prepared, you need to understand the tactics likely to be used by ...


Symptomatology And Racial Politics In Australia, Ian M. Buchanan Jan 2012

Symptomatology And Racial Politics In Australia, Ian M. Buchanan

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Jindabyne (a movie directed by Ray Lawrence, 2006) begins with the murder of a young aboriginal woman, but its real focus is the way people respond to this murder. In doing so, it tells several interesting truths about race relations in Australia today. I want to suggest that Jindabyne can usefully be read as a national allegory (in Jameson’s sense of the word). It maps or diagrams the cultural and political tropes of the present moment in history. My basic hypothesis is that it cannot be a coincidence that Jindabyne should give such prominence to the cultural problematic of ...


Disorderly, Valerie Harwood Jan 2012

Disorderly, Valerie Harwood

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Over the past thirty years the word disorderly has become increasingly linked to discourses of mental disorder. This change points to the effects that the social and cultural has in the production of ‘scientific’ knowledge of youth. Unlike uses in the mid twentieth century, the word disorderly is now medicalized, conjuring images of aberrant behavior together with psychopathology. Earlier depictions of disorderliness such as James Dean’s famous role as Jim Stark, the drunk and disorderly youth outsider in Rebel Without a Cause (Weisbart & Ray, 1955) were not underwritten with medicalized notions. Such representations linked youth with “out of order ...


Role-Based E-Learning For University Students : A Comparison Of Australian, American, British And Singapore Designs, Sandra Wills Jan 2012

Role-Based E-Learning For University Students : A Comparison Of Australian, American, British And Singapore Designs, Sandra Wills

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Role play in face-to-face contexts has been shown to be a powerful teaching design at all levels of education. The arrival of e-learning makes it possible to engage with different types of role play, for example inter-national and inter-institutional collaborations, role plays blending online and face-to-face interaction, role plays blending synchronous and asynchronous media including recordings of the sessions, and role play within distance learning contexts. It is now possible to conduct elaborate and responsive role play activities where the identity of the participants is not immediately apparent, where they may use avatars or inhabit 3D virtual worlds as part ...


Book Review - Developing College Skills In Students With Autism And Asperger's Syndrome, Kimberley Mcmahon-Coleman Jan 2012

Book Review - Developing College Skills In Students With Autism And Asperger's Syndrome, Kimberley Mcmahon-Coleman

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

The support and success of students with disabilities is a key aspect of the social inclusion agenda. This cohort has been identified by the Bradley Report as one of the under-represented student groups requiring attention. In recent years, Australian universities have reflected a marked increase in students with registered disabilities. Many of these are "invisible" disabilities such as learning disorders, mental health disorders, or students with Autism Spectrum Disorder.


"Out Of The Shadows" ..... Strategic Development Of An Institutional Repository, Michael K. Organ Jan 2012

"Out Of The Shadows" ..... Strategic Development Of An Institutional Repository, Michael K. Organ

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

This presentation outlines strategic developments at the University of Wollongong during 2012 which impacted upon the profile and functionality of the open access institutional repository Research Online.


Supporting The Language And Learning Development Of Eal Students In Australian Higher Education, Paul J. Moore Jan 2012

Supporting The Language And Learning Development Of Eal Students In Australian Higher Education, Paul J. Moore

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

The role of learning advising in improving the educational outcomes of students for whom English is an additional language (EAL) in Australian universities has received significant attention in recent years. A combination of research findings, governmental pressure and media scrutiny has provided renewed impetus for universities to address issues of language proficiency and academic literacy amongst the growing population of onshore international students for whom English is an additional language (EAL). In this paper, I discuss the role of academic language and learning advising in the Australian university context, including how this practice is influenced by a range of political ...


Teaching Academic Writing At The University Of Wollongong, Emily Rose Purser Jan 2012

Teaching Academic Writing At The University Of Wollongong, Emily Rose Purser

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Initiatives for the development of literacy at the University of Wollongong are growing within an Australian national commitment to increase overall tertiary enrollment, provide access to students from less-advantaged groups, and enroll more international students. While this essay describes successful programs within the Academic Services Division at Wollongong built to support student literacy, especially academic writing, it primarily emphasizes the work of a problemsolving task force on English language proficiency aimed at building consensus for a collaborative, cross-disciplinary paradigm of literacy growth that moves away from the traditional idea of separable services. The essay profiles a new initiative in the ...


Changing The Narrative: Shoalhaven Year 12 Indigenous Graduation Ceremony 10 Years On, Robbie Collins Jan 2012

Changing The Narrative: Shoalhaven Year 12 Indigenous Graduation Ceremony 10 Years On, Robbie Collins

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Abstract presented at the 36th annual conference of the Australian and New Zealand regional science association international, University of Wollongong, 4-7 December 2012


A Partial Promise Of Voice: Digital Storytelling And The Limit Of Listening, Tanja Dreher Jan 2012

A Partial Promise Of Voice: Digital Storytelling And The Limit Of Listening, Tanja Dreher

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The continual rise of participatory, media offers increasing opportunities for nonprofessionals and marginalised communities to tell their stories. In the policy arena, Australia's Social Inclusion Agenda and international debates on indicators of well-being name 'voice' as a key capability for social inclusion and individual flourishing. In this article, I engage recent scholarship on 'listening' and 'voice that matters' to highlight the limits of the participatory media genre of digital storytelling and of the social inclusion category of 'voice'. The discussion is illustrated via examples from public launch events for 'mini-films' produced in digital storytelling projects facilitated by Information Cultural ...