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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pretty Fly For A White Guy: Audio Repatriation To Arnhem Land, S. J. Angel Dec 2009

Pretty Fly For A White Guy: Audio Repatriation To Arnhem Land, S. J. Angel

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Return to Arnhem Land broadcast on ABC Radio National's Radio Eye in 2007 is a significant and culturally important radio documentary. It charts the return of ancient song cycles, recorded in 1948 by ABC broadcaster and sound recordist Colin Simpson and technician Ray Giles, to the Oenpelli community in West Arnhem Land in 2006. It tells, through the eyes and voice of historian, broadcaster and narrator Martin Thomas, how these recordings came to be as he returns them to the community; and what the community makes of them as cultural records: artefacts of cultural heritage. The documentary is stirring ...


Treating Malnutrition In Hospitals: Dietitians In The Driving Seat?, K. L. Walton Dec 2009

Treating Malnutrition In Hospitals: Dietitians In The Driving Seat?, K. L. Walton

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Although the problem of malnutrition in hospitals is not new,1,2 it is still a serious concern in Australian hospitals today. The population is ageing and patients are admitted with multiple medical problems placing them at increased risk of malnutrition. Malnutrition prevalence rates in Australian hospitals have ranged from 6-53%.3-13 The wide variation is due to different study settings; the time between admission and assessment, and the assessment tool used. Malnutrition is a considerable problem that increases with age. Patients over 80 years have a higher odds risk of being malnourished compared with those between 61-80 years.9 ...


The Carillon And Its Haptic Signature : Modeling The Changing Force-Feedback Constraints Of A Musical Instrument For Haptic Display, Mark Havryliv, F. Geiger, M. Gurtler, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer Sep 2009

The Carillon And Its Haptic Signature : Modeling The Changing Force-Feedback Constraints Of A Musical Instrument For Haptic Display, Mark Havryliv, F. Geiger, M. Gurtler, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The carillon is one of the few instruments that elicits sophisticated haptic interaction from amateur and professional players alike. Like the piano keyboard, the velocity of a player’s impact on each carillon key, or baton, affects the quality of the resultant tone; unlike the piano, each carillon baton returns a different force-feedback. Force-feedback varies widely from one baton to the next across the entire range of the instrument and with further idiosyncratic variation from one instrument to another. This makes the carillon an ideal candidate for haptic simulation. The application of synthesized forcefeedback based on an analysis of forces ...


The Role Of The 'Tojisha' In Current Debates About Sexual Minority Rights In Japan, Mark J. Mclelland Sep 2009

The Role Of The 'Tojisha' In Current Debates About Sexual Minority Rights In Japan, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

‘Speaking as a tojisha’ has become an important strategy in establishing ‘correct knowledge’ about sexual minority cultures in contemporary Japan. Originally developed in a legal context where it referred to the ‘parties’ in court proceedings, in the 1970s tojisha was taken up by citizens’ groups campaigning for the right of self determination for the ‘parties concerned’ facing discrimination and has become a central concept for all minority self-advocacy groups. In the 1990s the discourse of tojisha sei (tojisha-ness) was adopted by gay rights groups and by spokespersons for lesbian and transgender communities in a battle to change public perceptions of ...


A Market Model Of Education?, Anthony Ashbolt Sep 2009

A Market Model Of Education?, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Milton Friedman introduced the concept of vouchers in education over fifty years ago. Thankfully the world ignored him. Nonetheless, the various victories of neoliberal doctrine from the early 1970s on in the USA, England and Australia placed vouchers on the agenda but not as a central platform. It is one of those policy ideas that is embraced with enthusiasm periodically only to retreat into the recesses of think tanks whose priorities are tax relief for the wealthy and real or imagined wars. When the governments of choice for these tanks are replaced by ones with a thin veneer of progressive ...


Power For The People, S. A. Mchugh Aug 2009

Power For The People, S. A. Mchugh

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

As part of the Speakers Corner lecture series, award-winning author Siobhan McHugh spoke at the National Archives on 16 August 2009 about her research into the Snowy Mountains Hydro-Electric Scheme. Through the personal stories of the workers and their families, and drawing on her book, The Snowy: The People Behind the Power, Siobhan shared her insights into the lives of the multinational workforce that built the ‘Snowy’ in post-war Australia.


Prison Foodservice In Australia - Systems, Menus And Inmate Attitudes, P. Williams, Karen L. Walton, M. Hannan-Jones Aug 2009

Prison Foodservice In Australia - Systems, Menus And Inmate Attitudes, P. Williams, Karen L. Walton, M. Hannan-Jones

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper presents results from three studies in 25 custodial facilities in three Australian states, including nutrient analyses of menus and focus groups exploring inmate attitudes. Both cook-fresh and cook-chill production systems are used. Non-selective cycle menus of 4-6 weeks are common but inmates can supplement meals by purchase of additional food items (‘buy-ups’). Menus included adequate variety and met most nutritional standards, with the possible exception of fruit. The sodium content of menus is above recommended levels. Protein, fibre, vitamins A, C, thiamin, riboflavin, calcium, iron and zinc were more than adequate, and the percentage energy from fat is ...


Regulatory Issues And Functional Health Claims For Bioactive Dairy Compounds, P. Roupas, P. G. Williams, C. Margetts Jul 2009

Regulatory Issues And Functional Health Claims For Bioactive Dairy Compounds, P. Roupas, P. G. Williams, C. Margetts

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Dairy foods and ingredients have a natural advantage over new/novel foods, from a regulatory viewpoint, because they are generally considered as “traditional” foods, that is, there is a long history of human consumption. However, the regulatory landscape on adding bioactive ingredients, whether from dairy streams or from non-dairy sources, into dairy foods is rapidly evolving, and the dairy industry will need to be aware of potential regulatory challenges, within the countries they wish to market their products.


Foodservice Perspective In Institutions, P. G. Williams Jun 2009

Foodservice Perspective In Institutions, P. G. Williams

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In Western countries around 10-15% of all foodservice meals are provided in institutional settings such as hospitals, nursing homes, prisons, schools, military settings and workplace canteens. This chapter describes the different types of meals and foodservice systems used in these institutional settings, including the menus used, nutritional standards, food waste, meals times, methods of counting meals and possible future trends.


Current Dietetic Practices Of Obesity Management In Saudi Arabia And Comparison With Australian Practices And Best Practice Criteria, A. Almajwal, P. Williams, Marijka Batterham Jun 2009

Current Dietetic Practices Of Obesity Management In Saudi Arabia And Comparison With Australian Practices And Best Practice Criteria, A. Almajwal, P. Williams, Marijka Batterham

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To describe the dietetic practices of the treatment of obesity in Saudi Arabia and compare this with best practice criteria and the practice in Australia. Methods: Anonymous questionnaires were completed by dietitians in Saudi Arabia. The topics included barriers to obesity management, demand and level of service and strategies and approaches used for weight management. Best practice scores were based on those used to assess Australian dietitians. Results: 253 dietitians participated in the survey. Of these, 175 (69 %) were involved in the management of obesity. The best practice score for Australian dietitians was slightly but significantly greater than the ...


An Evolutionary Approach To Strategic Planning For Elearning, Sandra Wills, Kate Bowles Mar 2009

An Evolutionary Approach To Strategic Planning For Elearning, Sandra Wills, Kate Bowles

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Although all Australian universities have University-level strategic plans as well as Learning and Teaching plans plus underpinning Information Technology plans, it is estimated that only 11% of universities have a separate plan for eLearning. Instead eLearning is often integrated into either an Information Technology Plan or a Learning and Teaching Plan. As a result, the specific needs of eLearning can be overlooked, underestimated or tokenized.

The University of Wollongong has undertaken a process of interviews and consultation with committees, deans, managers, academics, students and support staff to develop a coherent strategic and educational vision for the use of eLearning, that ...


Trends In The Affordability Of The Illawarra Healthy Food Basket 2000-2007, P. G. Williams, A. Hull, M. Kontos Feb 2009

Trends In The Affordability Of The Illawarra Healthy Food Basket 2000-2007, P. G. Williams, A. Hull, M. Kontos

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Aims
The Illawarra Healthy Food Basket (IHFB) was developed as one measure to monitor the affordability of healthy eating in Australia. It consists of 57 items selected to meet the nutritional requirements of a reference family of five. The basket was first costed in the Illawarra region of Australia in 2000 and again in 2001 and 2003. This study aimed to repeat the costing of the basket in 2005 and 2007 and to assess the trends in affordability since 2000.
Methods
Costing was carried out in the same five suburbs as previous surveys, utilising a large supermarket, greengrocer and butcher ...


Immigrant Tales, Rowan Cahill Jan 2009

Immigrant Tales, Rowan Cahill

Rowan Cahill

Review of two autobiographical accounts of migrant encounters with, and experiences in, Australia: Ken Buckley, 'Buckley's! Ken Buckley: historian, author and civil libertarian' (2008) and Mamdouh Habib, 'My Story: the tale of a terrorist who wasn't' (2009).


Older Patients' Attitudes To General Practice Registrars: A Qualitative Study, Andrew D. Bonney, Lyn Phillipson, Sandra C. Jones, Donald Iverson Jan 2009

Older Patients' Attitudes To General Practice Registrars: A Qualitative Study, Andrew D. Bonney, Lyn Phillipson, Sandra C. Jones, Donald Iverson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background Research suggests that older patients may be reluctant to engage general practice registrars (GPRs) in their care. The authors undertook a qualitative study of the attitudes of older patients to GPRs to investigate this issue. Method Thirty-eight patients aged 60 years and over from three training practices participated in semistructured telephone interviews, which explored patients responses to GPRs. The interviews were recorded, transcribed and analysed using a template analysis approach. Results Analysis of the interviews produced five major themes concerning patient attitudes to GPRs: desire for continuity, desire for access, openness, trust and a desire for meaningful communication. Discussion ...


Paediatrics, Anne Cusick, Natasha Lannin, Iona Novak Jan 2009

Paediatrics, Anne Cusick, Natasha Lannin, Iona Novak

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Encouraging Role Based Online Learning Environments - The Blue Report, Sandra Wills, E. Rosser, E. Devonshire, E. Leight, C. Russell, J. Shepherd Jan 2009

Encouraging Role Based Online Learning Environments - The Blue Report, Sandra Wills, E. Rosser, E. Devonshire, E. Leight, C. Russell, J. Shepherd

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Project EnROLE has been a two year $200,000 ALTC project to encourage uptake of online role based learning environments, with particular focus on what is commonly referred to by us as role play. Role play is widely acknowledged to be a powerful teaching technique in face to face, blended and online teaching contexts and has been previously singled out as an example of good practice by ALTC predecessors: CAUT, CUTSD and AUTC. The project goal was to encourage uptake of online role based learning environments using the strategy of building a community of practice at university, state and national ...


‘Natural’ Claims On Foods: A Review Of Regulations And A Pilot Study Of The Views Of Australian Consumers, P. G. Williams, J. Markoska, V. Chachay, Anne Mcmahon Jan 2009

‘Natural’ Claims On Foods: A Review Of Regulations And A Pilot Study Of The Views Of Australian Consumers, P. G. Williams, J. Markoska, V. Chachay, Anne Mcmahon

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The term ‘natural’ is often used on food labels, but is unregulated in Australia, except for prohibitions on misleading and deceptive conduct in the Trade Practices Act. This pilot study aimed to review definitions and regulations of ‘natural’ in Australia and internationally; record the ingredients used in a sample of foods marketed as natural; and examine consumer expectations about which ingredients could suitably be labeled natural. A survey of food labels at 12 food outlets recorded ingredients commonly used in foods marketed as natural. Consumer expectations were examined with a questionnaire about 25 ‘natural’ food ingredients. One hundred and nineteen ...


Gatekeeper Influence On Food Acquisition, Food Preparation And Family Diet, Mike Reid, Anthony Worsley, Felix Mavondo Jan 2009

Gatekeeper Influence On Food Acquisition, Food Preparation And Family Diet, Mike Reid, Anthony Worsley, Felix Mavondo

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The problems associated with overweight and obesity has focused attention on obesogenic, or obesity promoting environments. The home environment, in particular the role of the main food gatekeeper, has come under particular scrutiny for its impact on the family diet (Campbell et al, 2007; Coveney, 2004; Crawford et al, 2007). 326 US and 323 Australian gatekeepers are studied to understand relationships between healthy eating capability, food acquisition and food preparation behaviours, and satisfaction with the household diet. The results suggest that gatekeeper attitudes and perceived control over family diet play a significant role in shaping food-related behaviours and diet satisfaction ...


A Valid Two-Item Food Security Questionnaire For Screening Hiv-1 Infected Patients In A Clinical Setting, Jessica Young, Sarangapany Jeganathan, Louise M. Houtzager, Aaron Di Guilmi, Julianita Purnomo Jan 2009

A Valid Two-Item Food Security Questionnaire For Screening Hiv-1 Infected Patients In A Clinical Setting, Jessica Young, Sarangapany Jeganathan, Louise M. Houtzager, Aaron Di Guilmi, Julianita Purnomo

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To validate a two-item food security questionnaire (FSQ) for use in a clinical setting to screen HIV-1 infected patients for food insecurity. Design: The present study was a questionnaire-based survey of forty-nine subjects attending an HIV clinic. Subjects completed a two-item questionnaire and a six-item validated FSQ contemporaneously. Results: A strong correlation was found between the two-item and six-item FSQ (r50?895; 95% CI 0?821, 0?940; P,0?0001). Cronbach’s a coefficient was found to be 0?94 and 0?90 for the two-item and six-item FSQ, respectively. The two-item FSQ yielded a sensitivity of 100 ...


Spatial Grains: Imbuing Granular Particles With Spatial-Domain Information, E. Deleflie, Greg Schiemer Jan 2009

Spatial Grains: Imbuing Granular Particles With Spatial-Domain Information, E. Deleflie, Greg Schiemer

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Granular synthesis techniques have been appropriated for 3D sound spatialisation in a number of ways, such as the spatial encoding of individual grains. This paper proposes a new technique that aims to use the spatial information already encoded in ambisonic signals, the principle hypothesis being that this encoding is actually retained at the granular level. This opens up exciting new possibilities for spatial sound. The paper outlines some of these possibilities but focuses primarily on the synthesis of non-point sources of sound which forms the basis for a second hypothesis, involving functions that relocate spatially encoded grains in time.


Enabling Musical Applications On A Linux Phone, Greg Schiemer, E. Chen Jan 2009

Enabling Musical Applications On A Linux Phone, Greg Schiemer, E. Chen

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Over the past decade the mobile phone has evolved to become a hardware platform for musical interaction and is increasingly being taken seriously by composers and instrument designers alike. Its gradual evolution has seen improvements in hardware architecture that require al-ternative methods of programming. Dedicated I/O in-struction sets for dealing with the idiosyncracies of vari-ous embedded peripheral devices are gradually being overtaken by I/O control using generic software that behaves more like operating systems developed for mainframe computers over three decades ago. This paper looks at the Neo FreeRunner, an open source mobile phone programmed using Linux. Its ...


Best Practices Of Journalism In Asia, Eric Loo Jan 2009

Best Practices Of Journalism In Asia, Eric Loo

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

While journalism adheres to an assumed universal ethical code and methodology, its goals and functions are essentially framed by local factors, and to an extent, existential imperatives. Discussions on what constitutes ‘best practices’ of journalism in the Asian context are ideologically polarized. For instance, governments in newly industrialized countries, such as Malaysia, and socialist bloc such as in Indochina and Myanmar, see the media more as a state apparatus and a prime mover of national development. Which conflicts with civil societies’ conception of professional journalism as a public trust, a representative of the ‘fourth estate’ – the common people – that keeps ...


Transforming The Rhetoric: Making Images As Practice Led Research, Friederike Krishnabhakdi-Vasilakis Jan 2009

Transforming The Rhetoric: Making Images As Practice Led Research, Friederike Krishnabhakdi-Vasilakis

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The role of photography as documentary practice plays an elementary role in visual culture and - through its story telling qualities - it is evocative of emotions. Photographic imagery helps the individual as well as the body politic to learn and to internalise global events. Over the past eight years, following the events of 9/11 in 2001, western society has undergone significant political, legal and social changes. Images of terror circulated the world almost instantaneously and circulating still. Artists and scholars have addressed the notion of fear as a result of the existing imagery as part of a rhetoric of terror ...


Media Art: Mediality And Art Generallly, Brogan S. Bunt Jan 2009

Media Art: Mediality And Art Generallly, Brogan S. Bunt

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The wide ranging, trans-disciplinary interest in technological media suggests the possibility of a new discipline concerned with the history, implications and practice of mediation. Within this context, the field of media art gains a new sense of coherence and identity. Given the lingering tension between media art and mainstream contemporary art, this may lead the latter to assert its disciplinary autonomy. This paper argues against such a move. Media art is better positioned as an integral strand within contemporary art and, more particularly, as a key space of creative enquiry and practice within a generally conceived contemporary art education.Keywords ...


Deferring The 'Main' Point: Teaching 'Narrative Desire' As An Alternative Creative Practice, Joshua M. Lobb Jan 2009

Deferring The 'Main' Point: Teaching 'Narrative Desire' As An Alternative Creative Practice, Joshua M. Lobb

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the place of twentieth-century literary theory in Creative Writing pedagogy. It suggests that literary theory has become embedded in Creative Writing programs, despite the fact that many theories seem opposed to the concept of the author or to writing practice. It proposes that if we are to use these theories productively, we need to adapt both the theories themselves and our teaching practices. The paper outlines the ways in which I—in my teaching in the School of Journalism and Creative Writing, University of Wollongong—have approached the teaching of two post-structuralist psychoanalytic concepts: Brooks’ notion of ...


Bourriaud And The Aesthetics Of Electronic Interaction, Brogan S. Bunt Jan 2009

Bourriaud And The Aesthetics Of Electronic Interaction, Brogan S. Bunt

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Nicolas Bourriaud’s Relational Aesthetics (2002) provides a sophisticated critique of interactive aesthetics. His focus, however, is not literally interactive electronic art, but rather Conceptual Art of the 90s that deliberately reduces technical means and prompts human dialogic interaction. Bourriaud celebrates work that shifts the status of the art object from self-contained aesthetic thing to socially relational model (or field). In his view, technological art, in its very obvious claims to interaction reveals its association and complicity with broader regimes of simulated conviviality and interaction that characterize modern democratic society. It seems that interaction becomes all important in the instant ...


Pre-Socratic Media Theory, Brogan S. Bunt Jan 2009

Pre-Socratic Media Theory, Brogan S. Bunt

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Drawing inspiration from Siegfried Zielinski's ground-breaking study of media archaeology, Deep Time of the Media, this paper explores the potential for pre-Socratic philosophy to provide a model for alternative conceptions of mediation within contemporary media art. It argues that pre-Socratic philosophy develops notions of mediation that extend beyond the contemporary focus on technical media. In their exploration of fundamental dynamic principles within nature and in their sensitivity to the uncertain relation between truth, appearance and finite human understanding, they suggest diverse conceptions of mediation that have continuing critical and creative relevance.


Circus Wow, Women Of Wollongong’S Community Circus: The Politics Of The Site-Specific, Janys Hayes Jan 2009

Circus Wow, Women Of Wollongong’S Community Circus: The Politics Of The Site-Specific, Janys Hayes

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Circus WOW’s advertising motif is the phrase, ‘Ordinary women doing extraordinary things’. Created by Penny Lowther in 2001, Circus WOW appeared nearly a decade after Australia’s more renowned women’s circuses, such as the Women’s Circus and the Performing Older Women’s Circus in Melbourne and Vulcana in Brisbane. The late formation of Circus WOW in Wollongong coincided with the re-evaluation of the city’s industrial role in Australia’s economy. This paper argues that the success of Circus WOW reflects a reappraisal of place by audiences in a rapidly developing city. The site-specific and festival work ...


Haptic Carillon – Analysis & Design Of The Carillon Mechanism, Mark Havryliv, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer, T. Hurd Jan 2009

Haptic Carillon – Analysis & Design Of The Carillon Mechanism, Mark Havryliv, Fazel Naghdy, Greg Schiemer, T. Hurd

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

The carillon is one of the few instruments that elicit sophisticated haptic interaction from amateur and professional players alike. Like the piano keyboard, the velocity of a player’s impact on each carillon key, or baton, affects the quality of the resultant tone; unlike the piano, each carillon baton returns a different forcefeedback. Force-feedback varies widely from one baton to the next across the entire range of the instrument and with further idiosyncratic variation from one instrument to another. This makes the carillon an ideal candidate for haptic simulation. The application of synthesized forcefeedback based on an analysis of forces ...


Leeching Bataille: Peer-To-Peer Potlatch And The Acephalic Response, Andrew Whelan Jan 2009

Leeching Bataille: Peer-To-Peer Potlatch And The Acephalic Response, Andrew Whelan

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

the states of excitation … the illogical and irresistible impulse to reject material or moral goods that it would have been possible to utilize rationally (in conformity with the balancing of accounts). Connected to the losses that are realized in this way … is the creation of unproductive values; the most absurd of these values, and the one that makes people the most rapacious, is glory. Made complete through degradation, glory, appearing in a sometimes sinister and sometimes brilliant form, has never ceased to dominate social existence; it is impossible to attempt to do anything without it (Bataille 1985: 128-129).