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2012

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Articles 1 - 30 of 591

Full-Text Articles in Physics

Correct Spectral Conversion Between Surface‐Enhanced Raman And Plasmon Resonance Scattering From Nanoparticle Dimers For Single‐Molecule Detection, Kyuwan Lee Dec 2012

Correct Spectral Conversion Between Surface‐Enhanced Raman And Plasmon Resonance Scattering From Nanoparticle Dimers For Single‐Molecule Detection, Kyuwan Lee

Kyuwan Lee

Simultaneous measurement of surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) in nanoparticle dimers presents outstanding opportunities in molecular identification and in the elucidation of physical properties, such as the size, distance, and deformation of target species. SERS–LSPR instrumentation exists and has been used under limited conditions, but the extraction of SERS and LSPR readouts from a single measurement is still a challenge. Herein, the extraction of LSPR spectra from SERS signals is reported and a tool for measuring the interparticle distance from Raman enhancement data by the standardization of the SERS signal is proposed. The SERS ...


Petawatt-Laser-Driven Wakefield Acceleration Of Electrons To 2 Gev In 10^{17} Cm^{-3} Plasma, Xiaoming Wang, Rafal B. Zgadzaj, Neil Fazel, Sunghwan A. Yi, X. Zhang, Watson Henderson, Yen-Yu Zhang, Rick Korzekwa, Hai-En Tsai, C.-H. Pai, Zhengyan Li, Hernan Quevedo, Gilliss Dyer, Erhard W. Gaul, Mikael Martinez, Aaron Bernstein, Ted Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Vladimir N. Khudik, Gennady Shvets, Todd Ditmire, Michael C. Downer Dec 2012

Petawatt-Laser-Driven Wakefield Acceleration Of Electrons To 2 Gev In 10^{17} Cm^{-3} Plasma, Xiaoming Wang, Rafal B. Zgadzaj, Neil Fazel, Sunghwan A. Yi, X. Zhang, Watson Henderson, Yen-Yu Zhang, Rick Korzekwa, Hai-En Tsai, C.-H. Pai, Zhengyan Li, Hernan Quevedo, Gilliss Dyer, Erhard W. Gaul, Mikael Martinez, Aaron Bernstein, Ted Borger, M. Spinks, M. Donovan, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Vladimir N. Khudik, Gennady Shvets, Todd Ditmire, Michael C. Downer

Serge Youri Kalmykov

Electron self-injection into a laser-plasma accelerator (LPA) driven by the Texas Petawatt (TPW) laser is reported at plasma densities 1.7 - 6.2 x 10^{17} cm^{-3}. Energy and charge of the electron beam, ranging from 0.5 GeV to 2 GeV and tens to hundreds of pC, respectively, depended strongly on laser beam quality and plasma density. Angular beam divergence was consistently around 0.5 mrad (FWHM), while shot-to-shot pointing fluctuations were limited to ±1.4 mrad rms. Betatron x-rays with tens of keV photon energy are also clearly observed.


Sub-Millimeter-Scale, 100-Mev-Class Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser Plasma Accelerator Based On All-Optical Control Of Dark Current In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Bradley A. Shadwick Dec 2012

Sub-Millimeter-Scale, 100-Mev-Class Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser Plasma Accelerator Based On All-Optical Control Of Dark Current In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, Xavier Davoine, Bradley A. Shadwick

Serge Youri Kalmykov

It is demonstrated that by negatively chirping the frequency of a 20-fs, 15-TW driving laser pulse with an ultrabroad bandwidth (corresponding to a sub-2-cycle transform-limited duration it is possible to prevent early compression of the pulse into an optical shock, thus reducing expansion of the accelerating plasma bucket (electron density "bubble") and delaying dephasing of self-injected and accelerated electrons. These features help suppress unwanted continuous self-injection (dark current) in the blowout regime, making possible to use the entire dephasing length to generate low-background, quasi-monoenergetic 200-MeV-scale electron beams from sub-mm-length, dense plasmas (n_{e0} = 1.3 x 10^{19} cm^{−3}).


One-Phase Problems For Discontinuous Heat Transfer In Fractal Media, Yang Xiaojun Dec 2012

One-Phase Problems For Discontinuous Heat Transfer In Fractal Media, Yang Xiaojun

Xiao-Jun Yang

We first propose the fractal models for the one-phase problems of discontinuous transient heat transfer.The models are taken in sense of local fractional differential operator and used to describe the (dimensionless)melting of fractal solid semi-infinite materials initially at their melt temperatures.


Oscillator Strength Measurements Of The 5s6s 1s0→5snp 1p1 Rydberg Transitions Of Strontium, S. U. Haq, M. A. Kalyar, M. Rafiq, R. Ali, Naveed K. Piracha, M. A. Baig Dec 2012

Oscillator Strength Measurements Of The 5s6s 1s0→5snp 1p1 Rydberg Transitions Of Strontium, S. U. Haq, M. A. Kalyar, M. Rafiq, R. Ali, Naveed K. Piracha, M. A. Baig

Naveed K. Piracha

We report the experimentally determined oscillator strengths for the 5s6s 1S0→5snp 1P1 Rydberg transitions of strontium using two-step excitation in conjunction with a thermionic diode ion detector. The absolute photoionization cross section from the 5s6s 1S0 excited state has been determined by adjusting the polarization vector of the ionizing laser beam parallel, perpendicular, and at the magic angle with respect to that of the exciting dye laser. The measured absolute value of the photoionization cross section 0.9±0.2 Mb at the 5s threshold is used to extract the f values of the 5s6s 1S0→5snp 1P1 (26 ...


Toward High-Performance Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials: The Progress Of Bottom-Up Solution Chemistry Approaches, Yixin Zhao, Jeffrey S. Dyck, Clemens Burda Dec 2012

Toward High-Performance Nanostructured Thermoelectric Materials: The Progress Of Bottom-Up Solution Chemistry Approaches, Yixin Zhao, Jeffrey S. Dyck, Clemens Burda

Jeffrey Dyck

Significant research effort has recently gone into the synthesis of thermoelectric nanomaterials through different chemical approaches since nanomaterials chemistry became a promising strategy for improving thermoelectric performance. Different thermoelectric nanocrystals, especially PbTe, Bi2Te3 and CoSb3, with various compositions and morphologies have been successfully prepared by solvo/hydrothermal, electrochemical, and ligand-based synthesis methods. Such nanoscale materials show not only substantial reduction in thermal conductivity due to increased phonon scattering at nanoscale grain boundaries and lower densities of phonon states but possibly also an enhancement in thermopower due to electronic quantum size effects. More recently, the notoriously low power factors of thermoelectric ...


Structure Inhomogeneities, Shallow Defects, And Charge Transport In The Series Of Thermoelectric Materials K2bi8−Xsbxse13, Jeffrey S. Dyck, T. Kyratski, E. Hatzikraniotis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, C. D. Malliakas, C. Uher, M. G. Kanatzidis Dec 2012

Structure Inhomogeneities, Shallow Defects, And Charge Transport In The Series Of Thermoelectric Materials K2bi8−Xsbxse13, Jeffrey S. Dyck, T. Kyratski, E. Hatzikraniotis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, C. D. Malliakas, C. Uher, M. G. Kanatzidis

Jeffrey Dyck

The charge transport properties of the low-dimensional thermoelectric materials K2Bi8-xSbxSe13 (02Bi8-xSbxSe13 was analyzed on the basis of the classical semiconductor theory and discussed in the context of recent band calculations. The results suggest that the K2Bi8-xSbxSe13 materials possess coexisting domains with semimetallic and semiconducting characters whose ratio is influenced by the value of x and by local defects. The extent and relative distribution of these domains control the charge transport properties. Electron diffraction experiments performed on samples of K2Bi8-xSbxSe13 with x=1.6 show evidence for such domains by indicating regions with long range ordering of K+/Bi3+ atoms and ...


Data Curation Is For Everyone! The Case For Master's And Baccalaureate Institutional Engagement With Data Curation, Yasmeen Shorish Dec 2012

Data Curation Is For Everyone! The Case For Master's And Baccalaureate Institutional Engagement With Data Curation, Yasmeen Shorish

Yasmeen Shorish

This article describes the fundamental challenges to data curation, how these challenges may be compounded for smaller institutions, and how data management is an essential and manageable component of data curation. Data curation is often discussed within the confines of large, research universities. As a result, master’s and baccalaureate institutions may be left with the impression that they cannot engage with data curation. However, by proactively engaging with faculty, libraries of all sizes can build closer relationships and help educate faculty on data documentation and organization best practices. Experiences from one master’s comprehensive institution as it engages with ...


The Shape And Mechanics Of Curved Fold Origami Structures, Marcelo A. Dias, Christian Santangelo Dec 2012

The Shape And Mechanics Of Curved Fold Origami Structures, Marcelo A. Dias, Christian Santangelo

Christian Santangelo

We develop recursion equations to describe the three-dimensional shape of a sheet upon which a series of concentric curved folds have been inscribed. In the case of no stretching outside the fold, the three-dimensional shape of a single fold prescribes the shape of the entire origami structure. To better explore these structures, we derive continuum equations, valid in the limit of vanishing spacing between folds, to describe the smooth surface intersecting all the mountain folds. We find that this surface has negative Gaussian curvature with magnitude equal to the square of the fold's torsion. A series of open folds ...


A Comparison Of Short-Range Molecular Order In Bent-Core And Rod-Like Nematic Liquid Crystals, S. Chakraborty, J. T. Gleeson, Antal Jákli, Samuel Sprunt Dec 2012

A Comparison Of Short-Range Molecular Order In Bent-Core And Rod-Like Nematic Liquid Crystals, S. Chakraborty, J. T. Gleeson, Antal Jákli, Samuel Sprunt

Antal Jakli

Thermotropic liquid crystals exhibit strongly temperature-dependent positional correlations among molecules in the nematic phase above the transition to a smectic-A or C phase. However, even in the absence of a lower temperature smectic phase, nematics composed of reduced symmetry molecules (bent-core mesogens, for example) reveal small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) patterns with features similar to those associated with pretransitional smectic order. We report on a quantitative analysis and comparison of two-dimensional SAXS data on a bent-core nematic compound (lacking a smectic phase) and a rod-like nematic (exhibiting a nematic to smectic-C transition). This analysis demonstrates that a nanostructure based on ...


First Temperature Observations With The Usu Very Large Rayleigh Lidar: An Examination Of Mesopause Temperatures, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Joshua P. Herron, Marcus J. Bingham, Lance W. Petersen, Matthew T. Emerick Dec 2012

First Temperature Observations With The Usu Very Large Rayleigh Lidar: An Examination Of Mesopause Temperatures, Leda Sox, Vincent B. Wickwar, Joshua P. Herron, Marcus J. Bingham, Lance W. Petersen, Matthew T. Emerick

Leda Sox

No abstract provided.


Merrill-Cazier Library Gas Exhibition, Betty Rozum, Andrew Wesolek, Pamela N. Martin Dec 2012

Merrill-Cazier Library Gas Exhibition, Betty Rozum, Andrew Wesolek, Pamela N. Martin

Andrew Wesolek

This exhibition, presented in the Merrill-Cazier Library, captured the history and accomplishments of the GAS program. Click the download button to see a PowerPoint presentation featuring images and text from the exhibition.


Modelling Three-Phase Flow In Metallurgical Processes, Christoph Goniva, Gijsbert Wierink, Kari Heiskanen, Stefan Pirker, Christoph Kloss Dec 2012

Modelling Three-Phase Flow In Metallurgical Processes, Christoph Goniva, Gijsbert Wierink, Kari Heiskanen, Stefan Pirker, Christoph Kloss

Gijsbert Wierink

The interaction between gasses, liquids, and solids plays a critical role in many processes, such as coating, granulation and the blast furnace process. In this paper we present a comprehensive numerical model for three phase flow including droplets, particles and gas. By means of a coupled Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) - Discrete Element Method (DEM) approach the physical core phenomena are pictured at a detailed level. Sub-models for droplet deformation, breakup and coalescence as well as droplet-particle and wet particle-particle interaction are applied. The feasibility of this model approach is demonstrated by its application to a rotating drum coater. The described ...


Ultrafast Laser-Induced Damage And The Influence Of Spectral Effects, Jeremy Gulley Nov 2012

Ultrafast Laser-Induced Damage And The Influence Of Spectral Effects, Jeremy Gulley

Jeremy R. Gulley

Numerous studies have investigated the prerequisite role of photoionization in ultrafast laser-induced damage (LID) of bulk dielectrics. This study examines the role of spectral width and instantaneous laser frequency in LID using a frequency dependent multiphoton ionization (MPI) model and numerical simulation of initially 800 nm laser pulses propagating through fused silica. Assuming a band gap of 9 eV, MPI by an 800 nm field is a six-photon process, but when the instantaneous wavelength is greater than 827 nm an additional photon is required for photoionization, reducing the probability of the event by many orders of magnitude. Simulation results suggest ...


Nanoroughened Surfaces For Efficient Capture Of Circulating Tumor Cells Without Using Capture Antibodies, Weiqiang Chen, Shinuo Weng, Feng Zhang, Steven Allen, Xiang Li, Liwei Bao, Raymond H. W. Lam, Jill A. Macoska, Sofia D. Merajver, Jianping Fu Nov 2012

Nanoroughened Surfaces For Efficient Capture Of Circulating Tumor Cells Without Using Capture Antibodies, Weiqiang Chen, Shinuo Weng, Feng Zhang, Steven Allen, Xiang Li, Liwei Bao, Raymond H. W. Lam, Jill A. Macoska, Sofia D. Merajver, Jianping Fu

Weiqiang Chen

Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detached from both primary and metastatic lesions represent a potential alternative to invasive biopsies as a source of tumor tissue for the detection, characterization and monitoring of cancers. Here we report a simple yet effective strategy for capturing CTCs without using capture antibodies. Our method uniquely utilized the differential adhesion preference of cancer cells to nanorough surfaces when compared to normal blood cells and thus did not depend on their physical size or surface protein expression, a significant advantage as compared to other existing CTC capture techniques.


Defect Structure Of Sb2−Xcrxte3 Single Crystals, Jeffrey Dyck, J. HoráK, P. C. Quayle, Č. DrašAr, P. LošT’ÁK, C. Uher Nov 2012

Defect Structure Of Sb2−Xcrxte3 Single Crystals, Jeffrey Dyck, J. HoráK, P. C. Quayle, Č. DrašAr, P. LošT’ÁK, C. Uher

Jeffrey Dyck

Single crystals of Sb2Te3 doped with Cr (cCr=0–6×1020 cm-3) were prepared by the Bridgman method. The measurements of the Hall coefficient reveal a nonmonotonous dependence of hole concentrations on the Cr content in the crystal. The hole concentration decreases at low content of Cr, while at higher content of Cr it increases again. However, according to magnetic measurements, Cr atoms enter the structure and form uncharged substitutional defects CrSb×, which cannot affect the free carrier concentration directly. The observed dependence can be elucidated by means of a point defect model. The model is based on an assumption ...


Viscoelasticity, Dielectric Anisotropy, And Birefringence In The Nematic Phase Of Three Four-Ring Bent-Core Liquid Crystals With An L-Shaped Molecular Frame, Nejmettin Acvi, Volodymyr Borshch, Dipika Debnath Sarkar, Rahul Deb, Gude Venkatesh, Taras Turiv, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Nandiraju V. S. Rao, Oleg Lavrentovich Nov 2012

Viscoelasticity, Dielectric Anisotropy, And Birefringence In The Nematic Phase Of Three Four-Ring Bent-Core Liquid Crystals With An L-Shaped Molecular Frame, Nejmettin Acvi, Volodymyr Borshch, Dipika Debnath Sarkar, Rahul Deb, Gude Venkatesh, Taras Turiv, Sergij V. Shiyanovskii, Nandiraju V. S. Rao, Oleg Lavrentovich

Oleg Lavrentovich

Molecular shape is an important factor in determining the material properties of thermotropic liquid crystals (LCs). We synthesized and investigated several LC compounds formed by asymmetrically bent molecules with a rigid four-ring core in the shape of the letter 'L'. We measured the temperature dependencies of dielectric permittivities, birefringence, splay K-1 and bend K-3 elastic constants, splay viscosity eta(splay) and flow viscosities eta(parallel to) and eta(perpendicular to). The bend-splay anisotropy delta K-31 - K-3 - K-1 is negative, similar to the case of nematic LCs formed by symmetrically bent molecules of V-shape. The dielectric anisotropy Delta epsilon and birefringence ...


Quantum Dots As Liquid Crystal Dopants, Javad Mirzaei, Mitya Reznikov, Torsten Hegmann Nov 2012

Quantum Dots As Liquid Crystal Dopants, Javad Mirzaei, Mitya Reznikov, Torsten Hegmann

Torsten Hegmann

Liquid crystal nanoscience, a field exploring the mutually beneficial combination of the unique properties of nanoscale materials and fluid, yet ordered liquid crystalline phases, is increasingly focusing on semiconductor quantum dots. In one major research thrust, the anisotropic properties of the liquid crystal host are sought to facilitate the assembly of quantum dots into arrays, in another, both size-and shape-dependent optical and electronic properties of quantum dots are used to manipulate optical, electro-optical and alignment properties of liquid crystalline materials. This feature article reviews recent accomplishments and new insights in this fascinating area of soft matter nanocomposites including work from ...


Local Fractional Fourier Series With Application To Wave Equation In Fractal Vibrating String, Yang Xiaojun Nov 2012

Local Fractional Fourier Series With Application To Wave Equation In Fractal Vibrating String, Yang Xiaojun

Xiao-Jun Yang

We introduce the wave equation in fractal vibrating string in the framework of the local fractional calculus. Our particular attention is devoted to the technique of the local fractional Fourier series for processing these local fractional differential operators in a way accessible to applied scientists. By applying this technique we derive the local fractional Fourier series solution of the local fractional wave equation in fractal vibrating string and show the fundamental role of the Mittag- Leffler function.


Electron Self-Injection Into An Evolving Plasma Bubble: Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser-Plasma Acceleration In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, A. Beck, S. A. Yi, V. N. Khudik, Michael C. Downer, E. Lefebvre, Bradley Allan Shadwick, Donald Umstadter Nov 2012

Electron Self-Injection Into An Evolving Plasma Bubble: Quasi-Monoenergetic Laser-Plasma Acceleration In The Blowout Regime, Serguei Y. Kalmykov, A. Beck, S. A. Yi, V. N. Khudik, Michael C. Downer, E. Lefebvre, Bradley Allan Shadwick, Donald Umstadter

Serge Youri Kalmykov

An electron density bubble driven in a rarefied uniform plasma by a slowly evolving laser pulse goes through periods of adiabatically slow expansions and contractions. Bubble expansion causes robust self-injection of initially quiescent plasma electrons, whereas stabilization and contraction terminate self-injection thus limiting injected charge; concomitant phase space rotation reduces the bunch energy spread. In regimes relevant to experiments with hundred terawatt- to petawatt-class lasers, bubble dynamics and, hence, the self-injection process are governed primarily by the driver evolution. Collective transverse fields of the trapped electron bunch reduce the accelerating gradient and slow down phase space rotation. Bubble expansion followed ...


The Nature Of Starbursts. Iii. The Spatial Distribution Of Star Formation, Kristen Mcquinn, Evan Skillman, Julianne Dalcanton, John Cannon, Andrew Dolphin, J. Holtzman, D. Weisz, B. Williams Oct 2012

The Nature Of Starbursts. Iii. The Spatial Distribution Of Star Formation, Kristen Mcquinn, Evan Skillman, Julianne Dalcanton, John Cannon, Andrew Dolphin, J. Holtzman, D. Weisz, B. Williams

John Cannon

No abstract provided.


Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar Oct 2012

Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar

Srinivas Sridhar

Negative index metamaterials are demonstrated based on metal-dielectric nanocomposites prepared using a versatile bottom-up nanofabrication approach. The method involves the incorporation of vertically aligned metal nanowires such as Au and Ag inside dielectric aluminum oxide nanotemplates. Optical absorbance measurements show resonance peaks corresponding to the transverse and longitudinal surface plasmon modes. A quantitative model based on effective medium theory is in excellent agreement with experimental data, and points to specific composite configurations and wavelength regimes where such structures can have applications as negative refraction media for imaging.


Super-Resolution Imaging Using A Three-Dimensional Metamaterials Nanolens, B. Casse, W. Lu, Y. Huang, E. Gultepe, L. Menon, S. Sridhar Oct 2012

Super-Resolution Imaging Using A Three-Dimensional Metamaterials Nanolens, B. Casse, W. Lu, Y. Huang, E. Gultepe, L. Menon, S. Sridhar

Srinivas Sridhar

Super-resolution imaging beyond Abbe's diffraction limit can be achieved by utilizing an optical medium or "metamaterial" that can either amplify or transport the decaying near-field evanescent waves that carry subwavelength features of objects. Earlier approaches at optical frequencies mostly utilized the amplification of evanescent waves in thin metallic films or metal-dielectric multilayers, but were restricted to very small thicknesses (⪡λ, wavelength) and accordingly short object-image distances, due to losses in the material. Here, we present an experimental demonstration of super-resolution imaging by a low-loss three-dimensional metamaterial nanolens consisting of aligned gold nanowires embedded in a porous alumina matrix. This ...


Possible Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism In Hydrogenated Carbon Nanotubes, Adam L. Friedman, Hyunkyung Chun, Yung Joon Jung, Don Heiman, Evan R. Glaser, Latika Menon Oct 2012

Possible Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism In Hydrogenated Carbon Nanotubes, Adam L. Friedman, Hyunkyung Chun, Yung Joon Jung, Don Heiman, Evan R. Glaser, Latika Menon

Yung Joon Jung

We find that ferromagnetism can be induced in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by introducing hydrogen. Multiwalled CNTs grown inside porous alumina templates contain a large density of defects resulting in significant hydrogen uptake when annealed at high temperatures. This hydrogen incorporation produces H-complex and adatom magnetism which generates a sizable ferromagnetic moment and a Curie temperature near TC=1000  K. We studied the conditions for the incorporation of hydrogen, the temperature-dependent magnetic behavior, and the dependence of the ferromagnetism on the size of the nanotubes.


Possible Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism In Hydrogenated Carbon Nanotubes, Adam L. Friedman, Hyunkyung Chun, Yung Joon Jung, Don Heiman, Evan R. Glaser, Latika Menon Oct 2012

Possible Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism In Hydrogenated Carbon Nanotubes, Adam L. Friedman, Hyunkyung Chun, Yung Joon Jung, Don Heiman, Evan R. Glaser, Latika Menon

Donald Heiman

We find that ferromagnetism can be induced in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by introducing hydrogen. Multiwalled CNTs grown inside porous alumina templates contain a large density of defects resulting in significant hydrogen uptake when annealed at high temperatures. This hydrogen incorporation produces H-complex and adatom magnetism which generates a sizable ferromagnetic moment and a Curie temperature near TC=1000  K. We studied the conditions for the incorporation of hydrogen, the temperature-dependent magnetic behavior, and the dependence of the ferromagnetism on the size of the nanotubes.


Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar Oct 2012

Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar

Donald Heiman

Negative index metamaterials are demonstrated based on metal-dielectric nanocomposites prepared using a versatile bottom-up nanofabrication approach. The method involves the incorporation of vertically aligned metal nanowires such as Au and Ag inside dielectric aluminum oxide nanotemplates. Optical absorbance measurements show resonance peaks corresponding to the transverse and longitudinal surface plasmon modes. A quantitative model based on effective medium theory is in excellent agreement with experimental data, and points to specific composite configurations and wavelength regimes where such structures can have applications as negative refraction media for imaging.


Possible Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism In Hydrogenated Carbon Nanotubes, Adam Friedman, Hyunkyung Chun, Yung Joon Jung, Don Heiman, Evan Glaser, Latika Menon Oct 2012

Possible Room-Temperature Ferromagnetism In Hydrogenated Carbon Nanotubes, Adam Friedman, Hyunkyung Chun, Yung Joon Jung, Don Heiman, Evan Glaser, Latika Menon

Latika Menon

We find that ferromagnetism can be induced in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) by introducing hydrogen. Multiwalled CNTs grown inside porous alumina templates contain a large density of defects resulting in significant hydrogen uptake when annealed at high temperatures. This hydrogen incorporation produces H-complex and adatom magnetism which generates a sizable ferromagnetic moment and a Curie temperature near TC=1000  K. We studied the conditions for the incorporation of hydrogen, the temperature-dependent magnetic behavior, and the dependence of the ferromagnetism on the size of the nanotubes.


Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar Oct 2012

Negative Index Metamaterials Based On Metal-Dielectric Nanocomposites For Imaging Applications, L. Menon, W. T. Lu, A. L. Friedman, S. P. Bennett, D. Heiman, S. Sridhar

Latika Menon

Negative index metamaterials are demonstrated based on metal-dielectric nanocomposites prepared using a versatile bottom-up nanofabrication approach. The method involves the incorporation of vertically aligned metal nanowires such as Au and Ag inside dielectric aluminum oxide nanotemplates. Optical absorbance measurements show resonance peaks corresponding to the transverse and longitudinal surface plasmon modes. A quantitative model based on effective medium theory is in excellent agreement with experimental data, and points to specific composite configurations and wavelength regimes where such structures can have applications as negative refraction media for imaging.


Super-Resolution Imaging Using A Three-Dimensional Metamaterials Nanolens, B. D. F. Casse, W. T. Lu, Y. J. Huang, E. Gultepe, L. Menon, S. Sridhar Oct 2012

Super-Resolution Imaging Using A Three-Dimensional Metamaterials Nanolens, B. D. F. Casse, W. T. Lu, Y. J. Huang, E. Gultepe, L. Menon, S. Sridhar

Latika Menon

Super-resolution imaging beyond Abbe's diffraction limit can be achieved by utilizing an optical medium or "metamaterial" that can either amplify or transport the decaying near-field evanescent waves that carry subwavelength features of objects. Earlier approaches at optical frequencies mostly utilized the amplification of evanescent waves in thin metallic films or metal-dielectric multilayers, but were restricted to very small thicknesses (⪡λ, wavelength) and accordingly short object-image distances, due to losses in the material. Here, we present an experimental demonstration of super-resolution imaging by a low-loss three-dimensional metamaterial nanolens consisting of aligned gold nanowires embedded in a porous alumina matrix. This ...


Enhanced Optical Anderson Localization Effects In Modulated Bloch Lattices, Ramy El-Ganainy, Mohammad-Ali Miri, Demetrios N. Christodoulides Oct 2012

Enhanced Optical Anderson Localization Effects In Modulated Bloch Lattices, Ramy El-Ganainy, Mohammad-Ali Miri, Demetrios N. Christodoulides

Ramy El-Ganainy

We study Anderson localization dynamics in periodically modulated optical Bloch arrays. Using an effective model, we show that, in such arrangements, even a weak disorder may play an important role and can lead to enhanced Anderson localization effects.