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Shoreline Situation Report Stafford County, Virginia, Carl H. Hobbs Iii, Gary F. Anderson, Dennis W. Owen, Peter Rosen Jan 1975

Shoreline Situation Report Stafford County, Virginia, Carl H. Hobbs Iii, Gary F. Anderson, Dennis W. Owen, Peter Rosen

Reports

No abstract provided.


Shoreline Situation Report York County Virginia, Gary F. Anderson, Gaynor B. Williams, Margaret H. Peoples, Peter Rosen, Carl H. Hobbs Iii, Robert J. Byrne, John M. Zeigler Jan 1975

Shoreline Situation Report York County Virginia, Gary F. Anderson, Gaynor B. Williams, Margaret H. Peoples, Peter Rosen, Carl H. Hobbs Iii, Robert J. Byrne, John M. Zeigler

Reports

No abstract provided.


Skylab Mss Vs. Photography For Estuarine Water Color Classification, Hayden H. Gordon, Maynard M. Nichols Jan 1975

Skylab Mss Vs. Photography For Estuarine Water Color Classification, Hayden H. Gordon, Maynard M. Nichols

Reports

On September 12, 1973 at 12:09 EST, the Skylab III satellite passed over the Chesapeake Bay and sensed energy containing information about a large section of the estuary. On the same day scientists from the Virginia Institute of Marine Science simultaneously gathered data in the Rappahannock River, a tributary of the Bay, to determine the physical characteristics of the surface water.


Report On Environmental Effects Of The Second Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel Construction : Sediment Distributions And Bottom Characteristic, John D. Boon Iii, George R. Thomas Jan 1975

Report On Environmental Effects Of The Second Hampton Roads Bridge-Tunnel Construction : Sediment Distributions And Bottom Characteristic, John D. Boon Iii, George R. Thomas

Reports

Geological observations over a two year period July-December 1973 and January-November 1974.


Legal Symposium On Wetlands: An Executive Summary, Roger D. Anderson, David Garten, Ted Smolen Nov 1974

Legal Symposium On Wetlands: An Executive Summary, Roger D. Anderson, David Garten, Ted Smolen

Reports

In 1969 the Virginia Institute of Marine Science published a report stating that although marshlands represented only one-half of one percent of the total area of the state, 95 percent of Virginia 's annual harvest of sport and commercial fisheries were dependent to some degree upon these valuable wetlands . The report went on to urge some form of public control over these vital areas in order to relieve some of the pressures created by dredging, filling, diking and bulkheading.

Recognizing the need to address this issue, the 1971 General Assembly passed House Joint Resolution Number 60, creating a Wetlands Study ...


Suspended Sediments Near Pier 12 Norfolk Navy Base On 26 June And 15 September, 1973, Evon P. Ruzecki, R. Ayres Oct 1974

Suspended Sediments Near Pier 12 Norfolk Navy Base On 26 June And 15 September, 1973, Evon P. Ruzecki, R. Ayres

Reports

Results of two suspended sediment studies near Norfolk Navy Base Pier 12 are given. The studies were conducted during one tidal cycle on both 26 June and 15 September 1973. The following parameters were measured at five stations in the vicinity of the pier: suspended sediment water temperature, salinity and density current speed and direction iv


A Socio-Economic Environmental Baseline Summary For The South Atlantic Region Between Cape Hatteras, North Carolina And Cape Canaveral, Florida Volume Ii : Climatology, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science Sep 1974

A Socio-Economic Environmental Baseline Summary For The South Atlantic Region Between Cape Hatteras, North Carolina And Cape Canaveral, Florida Volume Ii : Climatology, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Reports

The geographic area covered in this report extends from Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, on the north, to Cape Canaveral, Florida, to the·south. Included within this area are portions of the coastal areas of South Carolina and Georgia. All or portions of thirty coastal counties are included within the study area.

Estuaries in this area tend to be partially mixed due to relatively low runoff per mile of coast. The proximity of the Gulf Stream to the continental shelf and the low runoff combine to cause the salinity of the coastal water to be somewhat higher than that of the ...


A Socio-Economic Environmental Baseline Summary For The South Atlantic Region Between Cape Hatteras, North Carolina And Cape Canaveral, Florida Volume 1 : Physical Oceanography, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science Sep 1974

A Socio-Economic Environmental Baseline Summary For The South Atlantic Region Between Cape Hatteras, North Carolina And Cape Canaveral, Florida Volume 1 : Physical Oceanography, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Reports

The paucity of oceanographic data on the continental shelf and in the estuaries south of Cape Hatteras, North carolina hinders attempts to document the oceanographic conditions. In general data are more available and conditions better understood in the estuaries than on the continental shelf.

The estuaries of the Southern Atlantic Bight have not been studied as extensively as the large embayments to the north. Generally the estuaries tend to be partially mixed since runoff and thus river flow is not great in these river systems. Both the distance the tidal effect is felt and the distance up the estuary that ...


A Socio-Economic Environmental Baseline Summary For The South Atlantic Region Between Cape Hatteras, North Carolina And Cape Canaveral, Florida Volume Iv: Geological Oceanography, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science Sep 1974

A Socio-Economic Environmental Baseline Summary For The South Atlantic Region Between Cape Hatteras, North Carolina And Cape Canaveral, Florida Volume Iv: Geological Oceanography, Virginia Institute Of Marine Science

Reports

The geographic area covered in this report extends from Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, on the north, to Cape Canaveral, Florida, to the south. Included within this area are portions of the coastal areas of South Carolina and Georgia. All or portions of thirty coastal counties are included within the study area.

  • Chapter 1 - Introduction
  • Chapter 2 - Coastal Plain-Subzone I-Cape Hatteras to Winyah Bay
  • Chapter 3 - Coastal Plain-Subzone II-Winyah Bay to St. Johns River
  • Chapter 4 - Coastal Plain-Subzone III-St. Johns River to Cape Canaveral
  • Chapter 5 - Continental Shelf-Subzone I-Cape Hatteras to Winyah Bay
  • Chapter 6 - Continental Shelf-Subzone II-Winyah Bay to St ...


Studies Of Certain Impacts Of Tropical Storm Agnes On The Chesapeake Bay And Its Tributaries - A Final Report On Activities, William J. Hargis Jr. Aug 1974

Studies Of Certain Impacts Of Tropical Storm Agnes On The Chesapeake Bay And Its Tributaries - A Final Report On Activities, William J. Hargis Jr.

Reports

In the summer of 1972 Hurricane Agnes, spawned over the Yucatan Peninsula, developed in full force in the Gulf of Mexico, bulled its way ashore in Western Florida (and Southeastern Alabama) and spent its fury in the interior. It arrived in the Middle-Atlantic States as an Extratropical Storm. At every stage it was disruptive and destructive.

In the Chesapeake Bay Drainage Basin, Agnes was particularly spectacular even though her wind velocities were markedly reduced. In particular, she poured vast amounts of rain on an already saturated land. In rapid succession the James, the Potomac and the Susquehanna were driven into ...


Shoreline Situation Report Northampton County, Virginia, William D. Athearn, Gary F. Anderson, Robert J. Byrne, Carl H. Hobbs Iii, John M. Zeigler Jan 1974

Shoreline Situation Report Northampton County, Virginia, William D. Athearn, Gary F. Anderson, Robert J. Byrne, Carl H. Hobbs Iii, John M. Zeigler

Reports

No abstract provided.


Shoreline Situation Report Newport News, Virginia, Carl H. Hobbs Iii, Gary F. Anderson, William D. Athearn, Robert J. Byrne, John M. Zeigler Jan 1974

Shoreline Situation Report Newport News, Virginia, Carl H. Hobbs Iii, Gary F. Anderson, William D. Athearn, Robert J. Byrne, John M. Zeigler

Reports

No abstract provided.


James River Sediment Study: Operation Agnes Final Report, John Lunz, Robert J. Huggett Jan 1974

James River Sediment Study: Operation Agnes Final Report, John Lunz, Robert J. Huggett

Reports

Bottom sediment samples were collected from the James River in Virginia and analyzed to evaluate the effects of tropical storm Agnes (summer, 1972) upon the sediment chemistry . The results of these analyses, frcm hereon called "post Agnes data," were compared with data from a similar study carried out during the summer of 1971 ( "pre-Agnes data"), reported under contract no. DACW-65-71-C-00~7 .

The post Agnes samples encompass three distinct shoaling areas involving a total of 34. 75 nautical miles of the James River . The first area extending from mile 24. 75 to 33. 50 can be considered os the · Oligohaline James ...


Virginia And The Outer Continental Shelf : Problems, Possibilities, And Posture, The Committee Jan 1974

Virginia And The Outer Continental Shelf : Problems, Possibilities, And Posture, The Committee

Reports

The Outer Continental Shelf Advisory Committee was \ established.by the Secretary of Commerce and Resources, Earl J. Shiflet, in July, 1974. This action was taken based upon the realization that the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) was a likely area for the development of offshore oil and gas resources, and that such development could have profound and far reaching impacts upon the Commonwealth. Such impacts could either be beneficial or detrimental or both, depending greatly upon the preparations made by the Commonwealth beforehand. Accordingly, Secretary Shiflet charged the OCS Advisory Committee to consider all facets of the situation, and to ...


Coastal Data Acquisition, Compilation And Analysis, Virginia Beach Coastal Compartment, Southeastern Virginia : Quarterly Technical Status Report June 10, 1974 - Sept. 10, 1974, Victor Goldsmith Jan 1974

Coastal Data Acquisition, Compilation And Analysis, Virginia Beach Coastal Compartment, Southeastern Virginia : Quarterly Technical Status Report June 10, 1974 - Sept. 10, 1974, Victor Goldsmith

Reports

No abstract provided.


Lower York River Dissolved Oxygen Study, Robert A. Jordan Jan 1974

Lower York River Dissolved Oxygen Study, Robert A. Jordan

Reports

Past studies of the lowerr York River have shown that dissolved oxygen (D .O.) concentrations decline in the summer months, occasionally falling one mg/ 1 near the bottom in deep water (Brehmer,1970; Jordan,1973) . Due to this apparently natural phenomenon the Virginia water quality standards for D.O. in estuaries (4.0 mg/1 allowable minimum, 5 .0 mg/1 minimum daily average, U.S.. E.P.A,1971), are not met during this period . Therefore additional waste-water discharges into the lower York River will not initiate violation of the standards, but may exacerbate the existing situation by extending ...


On The Use Of Drift Bottle And Seabed Drifter Data In Coastal Management, Christopher S. Welch, John J. Norcross Aug 1973

On The Use Of Drift Bottle And Seabed Drifter Data In Coastal Management, Christopher S. Welch, John J. Norcross

Reports

The use of drift bottle and seabed drifter information for use in coastal management is discussed. The drift bottle/seabed drifter portion of VIMS project MACONS (Mid Atlantic Continental Shelf) is described as an example of how a comprehensive survey using drift bottles and seabed drifters provides data useful for coastal management. The data from MACONS are analyzed to answer specific questions of interest to several different coastal managers: a manager siting a deep oil port, one siting a sewage outfall, a manager responsible for setting up emergency beach protection procedures before an accident occurs, and a manager responsible for ...


Development Of The Turbidity Maximum In A Coastal Plain Estuary : Final Report, Maynard M. Nichols, Galen Thompson Jul 1973

Development Of The Turbidity Maximum In A Coastal Plain Estuary : Final Report, Maynard M. Nichols, Galen Thompson

Reports

A study of the turbidity maximum in the Rappahannock Estuary; Virginia was conducted to determine how high concentrations of suspended sediment accumulate to form a maximum.

Time-series observations of current velocity, salinity and suspended sediment over 8 to 18 tidal cycles reveal that the maximum forms in a convergence of bottom residual currents near the transition between fresh and salty water. Sediment supplied mainly by the river is transported into the convergence by density currents and accumulates since velocity is nearly zero and settling exceeds upward mixing.

The maximum forms in the middle estuary after freshet or flooding and shifts ...


Oceanographic Data Collected In The Chesapeake Bight Of The Virginian Sea From 1966 Though 1969, E. P. Ruzecki, J. J. Norcross, F. J. Wojcik Jun 1972

Oceanographic Data Collected In The Chesapeake Bight Of The Virginian Sea From 1966 Though 1969, E. P. Ruzecki, J. J. Norcross, F. J. Wojcik

Reports

This report is intended to make unsynthesized oceanographic data readily available to the scientific community. 3 Similar reports are envisioned which will include physical, chemical, biological and geological data collected by personnel of the Virginia Institute ·of Marine Science in areas of the continental shelf, and coastal zone to include beaches, wetlands, estuaries and tidal rivers - areas in which the Commonwealth of Virginia has a vested interest.


Data Report: Operation York River, 1969, P. V. Hyer, E. P. Ruzecki, C. S. Fang Mar 1972

Data Report: Operation York River, 1969, P. V. Hyer, E. P. Ruzecki, C. S. Fang

Reports

A field survey was carried out in October 1969 to gather field data from the Mattaponi, Pamunkey and York rivers in order to construct mathematical models for salinity and dissolved oxygen. The results of the field operation are presented, together with a description of the methods and instruments used in the data collection and analysis.


Bahamas Bibliography : A List Of Citations For Scientific, Engineering And Historical Articles Pertaining To The Bahama Islands, Carol Fang, W. Harrison Jan 1972

Bahamas Bibliography : A List Of Citations For Scientific, Engineering And Historical Articles Pertaining To The Bahama Islands, Carol Fang, W. Harrison

Reports

Specialized bibliographies are sometimes needed in connection with the research studies being pursued at the Virginia Institute of Marine Science. The Bahamas Bibliography arose out of the needs of marine geologists, biologists and physical oceanographers engaged in studies of beaches, fishes and inlet currents in the Bahama Islands. Although the present bibliography may suffer from completeness, it significantly surpasses in number of citations the only other known bibliography of like kind.


Inner Shelf Sediments Off Chesapeake Bay. I - General Lithology And Composition, Maynard M. Nichols Jan 1972

Inner Shelf Sediments Off Chesapeake Bay. I - General Lithology And Composition, Maynard M. Nichols

Reports

The sedimentary materials and bottom topography of more than 2400 square miles of the inner continental shelf floor north off the Chesapeake Bay entrance have been surveyed for potential mineral resources. Sediments consist of two principal types: (1) fine sand and (2) medium to coarse sand. The fine sand is grey-colored, subrounded, rich in quartz and relatively 11clean 11 and well sorted. The medium-coarse sand is typically iron-stained, rich in shell and poorly sorted. The fine sand covers inner parts of the shelf floor whereas medium to coarse sand covers seaward parts. Additionally, shell-rich medium to coarse sand occurs on ...


Storm-Wave And Storm-Surge Modification Of Virginia's Ocean Coast, Wyman Harrison Dec 1971

Storm-Wave And Storm-Surge Modification Of Virginia's Ocean Coast, Wyman Harrison

Reports

The purpose of this study was to begin work on a method for operational prediction of storm-induced beach changes. The thought was to use wind and storm-surge data that are predicted on a routine basis by the National Weather Service, NOAA, and it was felt that if such a procedure could be developed, it would be possible to provide estimates of beach erosion or deposition as part of routine weather forecasts whenever storms threatened. It was also hoped that it might be possible to make estimates of shoreline erosion during previous years by using historical storm data in the prediction ...


Special Purpose Areas In Virginia's Coastal Zone, J. B. Pleasants Dec 1971

Special Purpose Areas In Virginia's Coastal Zone, J. B. Pleasants

Reports

The Virginia Institute of Marine Science is charged with the responsibility of advising state management agencies on matters relating to the environments and resources of the coastal zone of Virginia. Under this broad requirement, we have been specifically assigned the task of recommending an ocean-dumping policy for the Commonwealth. This paper, a survey of specially designated areas in coastal waters of the state, is designed to provide some of the background material required in the development of such a policy.


Investigation Of The Water Table In A Tidal Beach : Final Report, W. Harrison, John D. Boon, L. E. Fausak, C. S. Fang, S. N. Wang Oct 1971

Investigation Of The Water Table In A Tidal Beach : Final Report, W. Harrison, John D. Boon, L. E. Fausak, C. S. Fang, S. N. Wang

Reports

  • I. Instrumentation for Measurement of Water Table Fluctuations by John D. Boon, III, and W. Harrison
  • II. The Beach Water Table as a Response Variable of the System by L. E. Fausak
  • III. Changes in Foreshore Sand Volume: Role of Fluctuations in Water Table and Ocean Still Water Level by W. Harrison
  • IV. One-dimensional Finite Element Analysis of the Groundwater Flow by W. Harrison, C. S. Fang, and S. N. Wang
  • V. Two-dimensional Finite Element Analysis of the Groundwater Flow by C. S. Fang, S. N. Wang, and W. Harrison


Surface Observations, Ground Truth And Data : Nasa-Usgs Mission 144 : Chesapeake Bay Region, Sept. 22-30, 1970, Maynard M. Nichols Jul 1971

Surface Observations, Ground Truth And Data : Nasa-Usgs Mission 144 : Chesapeake Bay Region, Sept. 22-30, 1970, Maynard M. Nichols

Reports

Surface observations of coastal waters and "ground. truth" data were obtained to aid interpretation and analyses of overflight photography and imagery. Among the broad objectives of the mission was to investigate the potential of high-altitude, multispectral photography as a tool for the improved planning necessary to cope with multidisciplinary problems within the coastal zone, specifically with regard to:

1. The inventory and evaluation of the central Atlantic coastal area natural resources;

2. The assessment of human and natural degradation of these resources;

3. The feasibility of monitoring resource allocation and management, including land use categories and the impact of urbanization ...


The Environmental, Resource-Use And Management Needs Of The Coast Zone, A Compendium, William J. Hargis Jr., Beverly L. Laird Jan 1971

The Environmental, Resource-Use And Management Needs Of The Coast Zone, A Compendium, William J. Hargis Jr., Beverly L. Laird

Reports

As part of art extensive effort to develop a better understanding and evaluation of the problems imposed upon the Chesapeake Bay System by the activities of man and the management and informational needs related to their solution, we decided to examine a number of documents of ranging authorship and origin. The reports, papers, and manuscripts, comprising the resource materials utilized, range from the massive study entitled National Estuary Study -- recently completed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service of the U. S. Department of the Interior, to internal study manuscripts of the Institute, itself. Included were studies. aimed at ...


Utilization Of Physical And Mathematical Models In Marine Water Resources Research, Planning And Management : A Final Report, Willliam J. Hargis Jr. Jan 1970

Utilization Of Physical And Mathematical Models In Marine Water Resources Research, Planning And Management : A Final Report, Willliam J. Hargis Jr.

Reports

During the period 1 September 1967 to 30 September 1969, Virginia Institute of Marine Science personnel were engaged in hydraulic model studies, mathematical and computer studies; and instrument and technique development. An investigation was made into the stability and reproducibility of an estuarine hydraulic model.

Studies were made of the dispension of point-source dye releases in an estuarine hydraulic model, and of the applicability of the results to the release of disease-resistant seed oysters.

Analytical studies were made of diffusion in estuaries and of the integro-differential equations for estuarine 'flow. Computer studies were made of two-dimensional estuarine circulation and of ...


Characteristics Of Sediments In The James River Estuary, Virginia, Richard Moncure, Maynard Nichols Apr 1968

Characteristics Of Sediments In The James River Estuary, Virginia, Richard Moncure, Maynard Nichols

Reports

This report presents data on the physical and chemical characteristics of bottom sediments in the James River estuary, Virginia. The data were generated as part of a comprehensive study of sedimentation in which the initial objective was to broadly define the distribution of sediment properties.


Report To The York River Oyster Research Corporation On The Physiological Response Of Oysters To Several Polymeric Materials And Their Derivatives, Dexter S. Haven Mar 1967

Report To The York River Oyster Research Corporation On The Physiological Response Of Oysters To Several Polymeric Materials And Their Derivatives, Dexter S. Haven

Reports

The physiological responses of several polymeric materials and their derivatives, associated with the manufacturing process of pulp, were tested on oysters. It was thought that, when fed in small quantities, these substances might increase shell or meat size or be of value as possible nutritive supplements . The substances tested were divided into two classes. The first, consisting of basic polymeric materials, may occur in natural water s as the result of chemical changes. Representatives of these were indulin C and dextrose. The second class is composed of chemically pure derivatives of the preceding substances. These may appear in trace amounts ...