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2020

Environmental Monitoring

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Resource Partitioning And Density Drivers Of Two Endangered Large Felids: Amur Tiger (Panthera Tigris Altaica) And Amur Leopard (Panthera Pardus Orientalis) In The Russian Far East, Dina Matiukhina Dec 2020

Resource Partitioning And Density Drivers Of Two Endangered Large Felids: Amur Tiger (Panthera Tigris Altaica) And Amur Leopard (Panthera Pardus Orientalis) In The Russian Far East, Dina Matiukhina

Dissertations and Theses

In Russia, long-term conservation interventions have bolstered the critically endangered Amur leopard (Panthera pardus orientalis) as well as their dominant competitor, the endangered Amur tiger (Panthera tigris altaica). Within the Land of the Leopard National Park, I investigated the potential for tigers to displace or suppress leopards. I used data from winter track surveys to fit resource selection functions and camera trap surveys to both fit spatially-explicit capture-recapture models and document leopard productivity. I found no evidence of habitat displacement or numerical limitation of leopards by tigers in this region. Leopards resource selection was defined by landscape features and density ...


Influence Of Some Climatic Elements On Radon Concentration In Saeva Dupka Cave, Bulgaria, Peter Nojarov, Petar Stefanov, Karel Turek Dec 2020

Influence Of Some Climatic Elements On Radon Concentration In Saeva Dupka Cave, Bulgaria, Peter Nojarov, Petar Stefanov, Karel Turek

International Journal of Speleology

This study reveals the influence of some climatic elements on radon concentration in Saeva Dupka Cave, Bulgaria. The research is based mainly on statistical methods. Radon concentration in the cave is determined by two main mechanisms. The first one is through penetration of radon from soil and rocks around the cave (present all year round, but has leading role during the warm half of the year). The second one is through thermodynamic exchange of air between inside of the cave and outside atmosphere (cold half of the year). Climatic factors that affect radon concentration in the cave are temperatures (air ...


Tree Canopy Effects On Roof-Harvested Rainwater In East Texas, Kimberly Gamez Dec 2020

Tree Canopy Effects On Roof-Harvested Rainwater In East Texas, Kimberly Gamez

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Nine experimental metal roofs with rainwater harvesting systems were constructed and water quality parameters were measured in 2016-2017 in order to evaluate the effects of arboreal overhang on roof-harvested rainwater quality collected in East Texas. Three treatments were evaluated: Rainwater collected from roofs without any overhanging tree vegetation, rainwater collected from roofs under predominantly Southern yellow pine tree cover, and rainwater collected from roofs under predominantly hardwood tree cover. Rainwater was collected from these roofs for one year. The effects of canopy cover on water quality parameters, comparison to drinking water standards, first-flush efficiency, and seasonal effects were evaluated.

Significant ...


Ecological Separation Of Mallards (Anas Platyrhynchos) And American Black Ducks (Anas Rubripes) In The Adirondack Park Of New York State, Gary Macy Dec 2020

Ecological Separation Of Mallards (Anas Platyrhynchos) And American Black Ducks (Anas Rubripes) In The Adirondack Park Of New York State, Gary Macy

Dissertations and Theses

The American black duck is a large–bodied native dabbling duck in the northeast United States and Canada which has declined > 50% to ~ 500,000 breeding pairs since the 1950s. Concurrently mallards have replaced black ducks in Atlantic flyway breeding habitats. I used Bayesian statistical modeling to test for differences in mallard and black duck occupancy and productivity between and within beaver–modified wetlands and lakes in the Adirondack Park of New York. Mallard occupancy was ≥ 6.7% greater than black duck in all habitats surveyed. I further propose that mallards may outproduce black ducks in years where wetlands experience ...


New Research On A Case Of Linear Discontinuous Ground Deformation (Ldgd), Andrzej Kowalski, Bartosz Apanowicz, Piotr Polanin Dec 2020

New Research On A Case Of Linear Discontinuous Ground Deformation (Ldgd), Andrzej Kowalski, Bartosz Apanowicz, Piotr Polanin

Journal of Sustainable Mining

LSDS is defined as surface fissures, steps as well as structures formed by them in the form of stairs (several steps), thresholds, ditches, and flexure. The paper presents a case study of formed LSDS – the origin, and possible methods to assess its occurrence on the basis of the research carried out in the Central Mining Institute. The authors showed that the presence of LSDS leads not only to the horizontal deformation but also contributes to the formation of vertical curvatures of terrain that cause fissures in the near-surface layer of the rock mass in the areas with a thick layer ...


An Assessment Of The Hydrological Trends Using Synergistic Approaches Of Remote Sensing And Model Evaluations Over Global Arid And Semi-Arid Regions, Wenzhao Li, Hesham El-Askary, Rejoice Thomas, Surya Prakash Tiwari, Karuppasamy Manikandan, Thomas Piechota, Daniele Struppa Dec 2020

An Assessment Of The Hydrological Trends Using Synergistic Approaches Of Remote Sensing And Model Evaluations Over Global Arid And Semi-Arid Regions, Wenzhao Li, Hesham El-Askary, Rejoice Thomas, Surya Prakash Tiwari, Karuppasamy Manikandan, Thomas Piechota, Daniele Struppa

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Drylands cover about 40% of the world’s land area and support two billion people, most of them living in developing countries that are at risk due to land degradation. Over the last few decades, there has been warming, with an escalation of drought and rapid population growth. This will further intensify the risk of desertification, which will seriously affect the local ecological environment, food security and people’s lives. The goal of this research is to analyze the hydrological and land cover characteristics and variability over global arid and semi-arid regions over the last decade (2010–2019) using an ...


Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles For Sensing Of Pesticides: A Review, Wei-Bin Tseng, Ming-Mu Hsieh, Che-Hsie Chen, Tai-Chia Chiu, Wei-Lung Tseng Dec 2020

Functionalized Gold Nanoparticles For Sensing Of Pesticides: A Review, Wei-Bin Tseng, Ming-Mu Hsieh, Che-Hsie Chen, Tai-Chia Chiu, Wei-Lung Tseng

Journal of Food and Drug Analysis

Pesticides are a family of non-biodegradable chemical compounds which widely used in agriculture to control pests and increase yield production. However, overuse or abuse of pesticides and their metabolites may cause potential toxicity for the environment as well as human health and all other living organisms, even at deficient concentrations. Consequently, the development of sensors for monitoring these compounds is significant. Recently, nanoparticles-based sensors have been extensively employed as a potential alternative or complementary analytical tool to conventional detection methods for pesticides. Among them, gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) owing to their unique optical properties have been developed as smart sensors with ...


Eelgrass (Zostera Marina) Population Decline In Morro Bay, Ca: A Meta-Analysis Of Herbicide Application In San Luis Obispo County And Morro Bay Watershed, Tyler King Sinnott Dec 2020

Eelgrass (Zostera Marina) Population Decline In Morro Bay, Ca: A Meta-Analysis Of Herbicide Application In San Luis Obispo County And Morro Bay Watershed, Tyler King Sinnott

Master's Theses

The endemic eelgrass (Zostera marina) community of Morro Bay Estuary, located on the central coast of California, has experienced an estimated decline of 95% in occupied area (reduction of 344 acres to 20 acres) from 2008 to 2017 for reasons that are not yet definitively clear. One possible driver of degradation that has yet to be investigated is the role of herbicides from agricultural fields in the watershed that feeds into the estuary. Thus, the primary research goal of this project was to better understand temporal and spatial trends of herbicide use within the context of San Luis Obispo (SLO ...


Projecting Water Available For Irrigation Use And Identifying Water Supply Stress Under Climate Change Scenarios In Selected U.S. Fruit And Vegetable Production Regions, Andrew Shaw Dec 2020

Projecting Water Available For Irrigation Use And Identifying Water Supply Stress Under Climate Change Scenarios In Selected U.S. Fruit And Vegetable Production Regions, Andrew Shaw

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Climate change affects water resources differently across geospatial regions in the United States (U.S). There is a concern of how water availability will be affected by changes in long-term temperature and precipitation patterns, specifically in major production regions for eight fruit and vegetable crops. The effects on surface water available for irrigation use and supply stress in five regions containing 31 Agricultural Statistics Districts (ASDs) were assessed. The Water Supply Stress Index Model was used and modified to project water available for irrigation use across nine climate scenarios driven by historical data, five General Circulation Models, two population scenarios ...


The Persistence Of Acid Mine Drainage At An East Texas Coal Mine, Sarah Zagurski Dec 2020

The Persistence Of Acid Mine Drainage At An East Texas Coal Mine, Sarah Zagurski

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The objective of this study was to estimate the time it will take for acid forming materials (pyrite) to be weathered to a state of equilibrium and thus cease to produce acid in ground and surface waters within Oak Hill Mine. This was accomplished using an ex-situ kinetic leaching study incorporating a humidity cell in a controlled laboratory setting. Leaching was conducted on soil cores obtained from the vadose zone at Oak Hill Mine and the humidity cell was used to accelerate oxidation of the pyrite within the cores.

An in-situ field study was also conducted that monitored groundwater conditions ...


The Legacy Of Contamination By Lead Smelters In Missouri, Robert S. Armstrong Dec 2020

The Legacy Of Contamination By Lead Smelters In Missouri, Robert S. Armstrong

MSU Graduate Theses

Missouri has a rich history of lead mining. In the smelting process lead particles are emitted, which may be toxic to plants and animals. This study focuses on two primary lead smelters, Herculaneum and Glover, in Missouri. Smelting operations have ceased at these two sites, and unlike Herculaneum, Glover has no reported lead concentrations. Findings from air and sediments of these two sites were compared to background conditions and to each other. Thirty-three samples were collected from Herculaneum and Glover (thirty samples and three replicates) and eleven samples (ten samples and one replicate) for background. For Herculaneum sediment, lead levels ...


Environmental Controls On Didymosphenia Geminata Bloom Formation, Lindsay Capito Dec 2020

Environmental Controls On Didymosphenia Geminata Bloom Formation, Lindsay Capito

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Climate change is causing rapid glacial recession and earlier snowmelt, which alter the physical and chemical properties of rivers. As a result, organisms at the base of the food web are responding in unforeseen ways. We use the nuisance algae D. geminata (Didymo) as a case study for how climate induced shifts in the timing of glacial and snowmelt runoff are affecting river ecosystems. We evaluated how shifts in the timing of nutrient concentrations and light availability affect nuisance blooms of Didymo in three complementary ways. These are, field studies across streams in various stages of glacial recession, weekly measurements ...


Aerial Mineral And Organic Particulate Deposition In East Texas, Sarah Caton, Sarah Caton Dec 2020

Aerial Mineral And Organic Particulate Deposition In East Texas, Sarah Caton, Sarah Caton

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study determined the monthly amount, particle size distribution, and chemical composition of particulate deposition in East Texas over a one-year period. It also recognized the seasonal patterns of this deposition as well as its primary origins as either mineral or organic particulate deposition.

The study recorded the monthly mass of deposition, particle size distribution, and the chemical makeup of deposition throughout a period of twelve months at seven sampling locations. SEM-EDS technology was used in conjunction with PCI programming to measure the sizes of depositional particles throughout this time period and identify their chemical composition.

The total yearly deposition ...


توظيف تكنولوجيا المعلومات في إدارة المخاطر البيئية: دراسة تقويمية في الشركة العامة لصناعة الزيوت النباتية, Sahar Kaddouri Nov 2020

توظيف تكنولوجيا المعلومات في إدارة المخاطر البيئية: دراسة تقويمية في الشركة العامة لصناعة الزيوت النباتية, Sahar Kaddouri

Al Jinan الجنان

Risks Environmental Management engage an increasing number of persons from different fields .The management and safeguarding of our environment by business not only an important issue in today’s society ,but also a challenge for the different enterprises to turn environmental concerns into new business opportunities .In this respect ,Risks Environmental Management is key element in achieving developing countries .Better access to good quality information and Environmental data is prerequisite for improved Risks Environmental Management .
This research aims to describe how information technology can be used in Risks Environmental Management ? Through the answers based on the questions that research in ...


Characterizing El Niño-Southern Oscillation Effects On The Blue Nile Yield And The Nile River Basin Precipitation Using Empirical Mode Decomposition, Justin A. Le, Hesham El-Askary, Mohamed Allali, Eman Sayed, Hani Sweliem, Thomas C. Piechota, Daniele C. Struppa Nov 2020

Characterizing El Niño-Southern Oscillation Effects On The Blue Nile Yield And The Nile River Basin Precipitation Using Empirical Mode Decomposition, Justin A. Le, Hesham El-Askary, Mohamed Allali, Eman Sayed, Hani Sweliem, Thomas C. Piechota, Daniele C. Struppa

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Using new mathematical and data-driven techniques, we propose new indices to measure and predict the strength of different El Niño events and how they affect regions like the Nile River Basin (NRB). Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD), when applied to Southern Oscillation Index (SOI), yields three Intrinsic Mode Functions (IMF) tracking recognizable and physically significant non-stationary processes. The aim is to characterize underlying signals driving ENSO as reflected in SOI, and show that those signals also meaningfully affect other physical processes with scientific and predictive utility. In the end, signals are identified which have a strong statistical relationship with various physical ...


Effect Of Lockdown On Hcho And Trace Gases Over India During March 2020, Akshansha Chauhan, Ramesh P. Singh Nov 2020

Effect Of Lockdown On Hcho And Trace Gases Over India During March 2020, Akshansha Chauhan, Ramesh P. Singh

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

COVID-19 is one of the deadly Epidemics that has impacted people living in more than 200 countries. In order to mitigate the impact of COVID-19, India observed total lockdown in the first phase for a period of 21 days (24 March–13 May 2020), so that social distancing is maintained. However, this sudden decision severely affected the normal life of people. The air quality improved due to lockdown, some relaxation was given in different cities and within some areas in the city where the people were not affected by COVID-19. In this paper, we discuss results of detailed analysis of ...


Modeling Heat Exchange Of White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus Virginianus) In The Built And Natural Environments Of Fire Island, New York, Kaitlyn Fox Nov 2020

Modeling Heat Exchange Of White-Tailed Deer (Odocoileus Virginianus) In The Built And Natural Environments Of Fire Island, New York, Kaitlyn Fox

Dissertations and Theses

The potential consequences of climate warming on the behavior and distribution of endotherms pose management challenges. This is especially true for organisms that are able to exploit both natural and anthropogenic environments, such as the white-tailed deer. I developed a biophysical model of operative temperature based on various forms of heat transfer between deer and their environment on Fire Island National Seashore using measured variables collected from a small micrometeorological sensor network. I compared operative temperature to observed values of Vernon globe temperature in order to validate the use of the globe as a representation of heat exchange for deer ...


A Spatial And Multivariate Approach To Examining Effects Of Urbanization On Nitrogen Sources, Organic Matter Inputs, And Trophic Structure In Streams Of Cobb And Paulding Counties, Georgia., Katharine Horning Nov 2020

A Spatial And Multivariate Approach To Examining Effects Of Urbanization On Nitrogen Sources, Organic Matter Inputs, And Trophic Structure In Streams Of Cobb And Paulding Counties, Georgia., Katharine Horning

Master of Science in Integrative Biology Theses

Urbanization and land use changes have a negative effect on streams often causing numerous physical changes in stream morphology, a change in nutrient concentrations, and altered ecosystems contributing to a loss of habitat, decreased biodiversity, and loss of stability for ecosystem function (Walsh et al., 2005; Meyer et al., 2005; Cardinale and Palmer, 2012). The use of stable isotope analysis for monitoring could be valuable because it accounts for temporal integration from anthropogenic wastewater inputs, characterized by a shift in the abundance of 15N. This project had three main objectives: (1) to examine how nitrogen and carbon sources are ...


The Birds Of The Nebraska Sandhills, Paul A. Johnsgard, Josef Kren Nov 2020

The Birds Of The Nebraska Sandhills, Paul A. Johnsgard, Josef Kren

Zea E-Books Collection

This book provides basic information on all the species of birds that have been reliably reported from the Nebraska Sandhills region as of 2020. They include 46 permanent residents, 125 summer breeders, 125 migrants, and 102 rare or accidental species, totaling 398 species. Information on status, migration, and habitats is provided for all but the very rare and accidental species. There are also descriptions of 46 refuges, preserves, and other public-access natural areas in the region and seven suggested birding routes. The text contains more than 90,000 words and over 250 literature references along with more than 20 drawings ...


Modeling Holocene Peatland Carbon Accumulation In North America, Qianlai Zhuang, Sirui Wang, Bailu Zhao, Filipe Aires, Catherine Prigent, Zicheng Yu, Jason K. Keller, Scott Bridgham Nov 2020

Modeling Holocene Peatland Carbon Accumulation In North America, Qianlai Zhuang, Sirui Wang, Bailu Zhao, Filipe Aires, Catherine Prigent, Zicheng Yu, Jason K. Keller, Scott Bridgham

Biology, Chemistry, and Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles and Research

Peatlands are a large carbon reservoir. Yet the quantification of their carbon stock still has a large uncertainty due to lacking observational data and well‐tested peatland biogeochemistry models. Here, a process‐based peatland model was calibrated using long‐term peat carbon accumulation data at multiple sites in North America. The model was then applied to quantify the peat carbon accumulation rates and stocks within North America over the last 12,000 years. We estimated that 85–174 Pg carbon was accumulated in North American peatlands over the study period including 0.37–0.76 Pg carbon in subtropical peatlands ...


Atmospheric Measurements With Unmanned Aerial Systems (Uas), Marcelo I. Guzman Nov 2020

Atmospheric Measurements With Unmanned Aerial Systems (Uas), Marcelo I. Guzman

Chemistry Faculty Publications

This Special Issue provides the first literature collection focused on the development and implementation of unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) and their integration with sensors for atmospheric measurements on Earth. The research covered in the Special Issue combines chemical, physical, and meteorological measurements performed in field campaigns as well as conceptual and laboratory work. Useful examples for the development of platforms and autonomous systems for environmental studies are provided, which demonstrate how careful the operation of sensors aboard UAS must be to gather information for remote sensing in the atmosphere. The work serves as a key collection of articles to introduce ...


Multidecadal Analysis Of Beach Loss At The Major Offshore Sea Turtle Nesting Islands In The Northern Arabian Gulf, Rommel H. Maneja, Jeffrey D. Miller, Wenzhao Li, Rejoice Thomas, Hesham El-Askary, Sachi Perera, Ace Vincent B. Flandez, Abdullajid U. Basali, Joselito Francis A. Alcaria, Jinoy Gopalan, Surya Prakash Tiwari, Mubarak Al-Jedani, Perdana K. Prihartato, Ronald A. Loughlan, Ali Qasem, Mohamed A. Qurban, Wail Falath, Daniele Struppa Nov 2020

Multidecadal Analysis Of Beach Loss At The Major Offshore Sea Turtle Nesting Islands In The Northern Arabian Gulf, Rommel H. Maneja, Jeffrey D. Miller, Wenzhao Li, Rejoice Thomas, Hesham El-Askary, Sachi Perera, Ace Vincent B. Flandez, Abdullajid U. Basali, Joselito Francis A. Alcaria, Jinoy Gopalan, Surya Prakash Tiwari, Mubarak Al-Jedani, Perdana K. Prihartato, Ronald A. Loughlan, Ali Qasem, Mohamed A. Qurban, Wail Falath, Daniele Struppa

Mathematics, Physics, and Computer Science Faculty Articles and Research

Undocumented historical losses of sea turtle nesting beaches worldwide could overestimate the successes of conservation measures and misrepresent the actual status of the sea turtle population. In addition, the suitability of many sea turtle nesting sites continues to decline even without in-depth scientific studies of the extent of losses and impacts to the population. In this study, multidecadal changes in the outlines and area of Jana and Karan islands, major sea turtle nesting sites in the Arabian Gulf, were compared using available Kodak aerographic images, USGS EROS Declassified satellite imagery, and ESRI satellite images. A decrease of 5.1% and ...


Indoor Radon-222 Concentration Levels Measurements And Exhalation Rates Calculations In Some Offices And Rooms Of Aauj During The Winter And The Spring Of 2014, Mohammad Abu-Samreh Nov 2020

Indoor Radon-222 Concentration Levels Measurements And Exhalation Rates Calculations In Some Offices And Rooms Of Aauj During The Winter And The Spring Of 2014, Mohammad Abu-Samreh

Journal of the Arab American University مجلة الجامعة العربية الامريكية للبحوث

In this study, we report on the radon concentration levels, the radon exhalation rate, and the annual effective dose equivalent in 10 buildings of AAUJ during the winter and the spring of 2014 using the CR-39 track detectors. The inspected facilities include 46 offices, 24 labs, seven storage rooms, nine coffee rooms, a cleaning room, eight bathrooms, four Xeroxing rooms, and three meeting rooms. The indoor radon concentration levels were found to vary from 26 to 258 Bq/m3, with an arithmetic mean and standard deviation of 76.6 and 16.2. In general, the bathrooms and stores were found ...


[Case Study Of Audit In Turkmenistan In Accordance With Iii Code For Strategy], Hojanepes Gulyyev Nov 2020

[Case Study Of Audit In Turkmenistan In Accordance With Iii Code For Strategy], Hojanepes Gulyyev

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Impact Of Fuel Price Volatility On Shipping Companies In View Of Imo Sulphur 2020 Regulation : A Case Study Of Mediterranean Shipping Company, Happiness Okokhue Nov 2020

Analysis Of Impact Of Fuel Price Volatility On Shipping Companies In View Of Imo Sulphur 2020 Regulation : A Case Study Of Mediterranean Shipping Company, Happiness Okokhue

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Challenges In Respect To Supply Of Imo 2020 0.5% Sulphur Regulation Compliant Bunker Fuel At The Port Of Colombo : Lessons Learnt And The Way Forward, Ranaweera Mudiyanselage Ariyamanjula Nov 2020

Challenges In Respect To Supply Of Imo 2020 0.5% Sulphur Regulation Compliant Bunker Fuel At The Port Of Colombo : Lessons Learnt And The Way Forward, Ranaweera Mudiyanselage Ariyamanjula

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Inspection Framework Relating To The Greenhouse Gas Emission From Ships, Yoshikatsu Yasuta Nov 2020

Evaluating The Inspection Framework Relating To The Greenhouse Gas Emission From Ships, Yoshikatsu Yasuta

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Examining The Implementation Of The International Ship And Port Facility Security Code (Isps) In The Port Of Dakar (Senegal), Diogal Guays Nov 2020

Examining The Implementation Of The International Ship And Port Facility Security Code (Isps) In The Port Of Dakar (Senegal), Diogal Guays

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Analysis Of Flag State Implementation Of Marpol By Saudi Arabia With Reference To Iii Code, Mohammed Meshal M Almutairi Nov 2020

Analysis Of Flag State Implementation Of Marpol By Saudi Arabia With Reference To Iii Code, Mohammed Meshal M Almutairi

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Legal Analysis Of The Implementation And Enforcement Of Marpol Annex Vi Sulphur Regulations In Georgia, Nino Pataraia Nov 2020

A Legal Analysis Of The Implementation And Enforcement Of Marpol Annex Vi Sulphur Regulations In Georgia, Nino Pataraia

World Maritime University Dissertations

No abstract provided.