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1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1872

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Critical Dynamics Of Nonconserved Ising-Like Systems, K. E. Bassler, Beate Schmittmann Dec 1994

Critical Dynamics Of Nonconserved Ising-Like Systems, K. E. Bassler, Beate Schmittmann

Beate Schmittmann

We show that the dynamical fixed point of Ising-like models, characterized by a single scalar, nonconserved ordering field, is stable near four dimensions with respect to all dynamic perturbations, including those of a nonequilibrium nature.


Collective Expansion In Central Au+Au Collisions, W. C. Hsi, G. J. Kunde, J. Pochodzalla, W. G. Lynch, M. B. Tsang, M. L. Begemann-Blaich, D. R. Bowman, R. J. Charity, F. Cosmo, A. Ferrero, C. K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, T. Hofmann, G. Imme, I. Iori, J. Hubele, J. Kempter, P. Kreutz, W. D. Kunze, V. Lindenstruth, M. A. Lisa, U. Lynen, M. Mang, A. Moroni, W. F.J. Müller, M. Neumann, B. Ocker, C. A. Ogilvie, Graham F. Peaslee, G. Raciti, F. Rosenberger, H. Sann, R. Scardaoni, A. Schüttauf, C. Schwarz, W. Seidei, V. Serfling, L. G. Sobotka Dec 1994

Collective Expansion In Central Au+Au Collisions, W. C. Hsi, G. J. Kunde, J. Pochodzalla, W. G. Lynch, M. B. Tsang, M. L. Begemann-Blaich, D. R. Bowman, R. J. Charity, F. Cosmo, A. Ferrero, C. K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, T. Hofmann, G. Imme, I. Iori, J. Hubele, J. Kempter, P. Kreutz, W. D. Kunze, V. Lindenstruth, M. A. Lisa, U. Lynen, M. Mang, A. Moroni, W. F.J. Müller, M. Neumann, B. Ocker, C. A. Ogilvie, Graham F. Peaslee, G. Raciti, F. Rosenberger, H. Sann, R. Scardaoni, A. Schüttauf, C. Schwarz, W. Seidei, V. Serfling, L. G. Sobotka

Faculty Publications

Energy spectra for intermediate mass fragments produced in central Au + Au collisions at EA=100 MeV indicate a collective expansion at breakup. For the first time, values for this collective expansion energy per nucleon are extracted independently for each charge. Typically, these values are one-third to one-half of the incident kinetic energy per nucleon in the c.m. system, but they decrease with Zf, suggesting that all fragments do not participate equally in the collective expansion.


Formation Of Shape-Preserving Pulses In A Nonlinear Adiabatically Integrable System, R. Grobe, Foek T. Hioe, J. H. Eberly Dec 1994

Formation Of Shape-Preserving Pulses In A Nonlinear Adiabatically Integrable System, R. Grobe, Foek T. Hioe, J. H. Eberly

Physics Faculty/Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Fragmentation Of Necklike Structures, C. P. Montoya, W. G. Lynch, D. R. Bowman, Graham F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R. T. De Souza, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, L. Phair, M. B. Tsang, J. B. Webster, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M. A. Mcmahan, G. J. Wozniak, L. G. Moretto Dec 1994

Fragmentation Of Necklike Structures, C. P. Montoya, W. G. Lynch, D. R. Bowman, Graham F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R. T. De Souza, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, L. Phair, M. B. Tsang, J. B. Webster, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M. A. Mcmahan, G. J. Wozniak, L. G. Moretto

Faculty Publications

Intermediate mass fragment (IMF: 3≤Z≤20 emission from necklike structures joining projectilelike and targetlike residues has been observed for peripheral Xe129 + Cunat collisions at EA=50 MeV. These fragments are emitted primarily at velocities between those of the projectilelike and targetlike residues. Relative to the charge distribution of fragments evaporated from projectilelike residues, the distribution for "neck" emission shows an enhanced emission for fragments with 4≤ZIMF≤12. This feature is consistent with expectations for the fragmentation of a noncompact cylindrical configuration.


Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi Dec 1994

Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Kinetics Of Clustering In Traffic Flows, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner Dec 1994

Kinetics Of Clustering In Traffic Flows, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner

Eli Ben-Naim

We study a simple aggregation model that mimics the clustering of traffic on a one-lane roadway. In this model, each ``car'' moves ballistically at its initial velocity until it overtakes the preceding car or cluster. After this encounter, the incident car assumes the velocity of the cluster which it has just joined. The properties of the initial distribution of velocities in the small velocity limit control the long-time properties of the aggregation process. For an initial velocity distribution with a power-law tail at small velocities, $\pvim$ as $v \to 0$, a simple scaling argument shows that the average cluster size …


The Probe, Issue # 150 -- December 1994 Dec 1994

The Probe, Issue # 150 -- December 1994

The Probe: Newsletter of the National Animal Damage Control Association

Raccoon Rabies Epizootic - United States 1993
NPCA Concerned About Competition From ADC for Bird Control Jobs
Translocation of Wild Canids Brings Disease Threats
California Assemblyman Says "Time to Repeal Mountain Lion Initiative"
NADCA Information/Techniques Committee Wants YOU
Call for Nominations for Beiryman Institute Awards
Well! At Least We Told 'Em How It Is (1980 article), by George S. Rost


Square Roots Of Finite Groups - Ii, Matthew Devos, David Mcadams, Rebecca Rapoport Dec 1994

Square Roots Of Finite Groups - Ii, Matthew Devos, David Mcadams, Rebecca Rapoport

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

A subset R of a finite group G is a square root of G if R2 = G. If R is a square root of G for which |R|2 = G, then R is referred to as a perfect square root of G. It can be shown using character theory that perfect square roots do not exist. The purpose of this paper is to work toward an elementary proof of this result.


Distinct Products Of Triples In Finite Groups, Curtis Z. Mitchell Dec 1994

Distinct Products Of Triples In Finite Groups, Curtis Z. Mitchell

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

Let G be a finite group and let Di(G) be the proportion of triples ( x , y , z ) of elements in G such that the cardinality of { xyz , xzy , yxz, yzx , zxy , zyx } is i. In this paper we show that:

i) The average value of Di is either 1 or at least 53/32.

ii) D2= 0 ==> D3 = D4 = D5 = D6 = 0;

iii) D3= 0 ==> D4 = D5 = 0


Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi Dec 1994

Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


Computer Simplification Of Engineering Systems Formulas, J. W. Helton, Mark Stankus, John Wavrik Dec 1994

Computer Simplification Of Engineering Systems Formulas, J. W. Helton, Mark Stankus, John Wavrik

Mathematics

Currently, the three most popular commercial computer algebra systems are Mathematica, Maple, and MACSYMA (the 3 M’s). These systems provide a wide variety of symbolic computation facilities for commutative algebra and contain implementations of powerful algorithms in that domain. The Gröbner Basis Algorithm, for example, is an important tool used in computation with commutative algebras and in solving systems of polynomial equations.

On the other hand, most of the computation involved in linear control theory is performed on matrices and these do not commute. A typical issue of IEEE TAC is full of A B C D type linear systems …


Energy Spread And Ion Current Measurements Of Several Ion Sources, A. D. Gaus, W. T. Htwe, J. A. Brand, Timothy J. Gay, M. Schulz Dec 1994

Energy Spread And Ion Current Measurements Of Several Ion Sources, A. D. Gaus, W. T. Htwe, J. A. Brand, Timothy J. Gay, M. Schulz

Timothy J. Gay Publications

Energy spread and extracted current measurements are presented for five different types of ion sources: hot cathode, cold cathode, magnetron, microwave, and electron cyclotron resonance (ECR). The measurements were performed with a 45° parallel-plate energy analyzer with a resolution of better than 0.5 eV at 500 eV incident energy. Energy spreads ranged from 0.5 to 4 eV, while total extracted beam currents ranged from 2 to 30 μA. Beam currents due specifically to protons, 3He++ ions, and H+2 ions are also presented. The ECR and magnetron sources gave the best overall performance. These, along with the …


Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


Magnetotaxis And Magnetic Particles In Bacteria, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski Dec 1994

Magnetotaxis And Magnetic Particles In Bacteria, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski

Physics

Magnetotactic bacteria contain magnetic particles that constitute a permanent magnetic dipole and cause each cell to orient and migrate along geomagnetic field lines. Recent results relevant to the biomineralization process and to the function of magnetotaxis are discussed.


Determination Of The Seasonal Changes In Nitrate And Phosphate Concentration And Phytoplankton Composition Within Selected Fertilized Lakes, Richard L. Meyer Dec 1994

Determination Of The Seasonal Changes In Nitrate And Phosphate Concentration And Phytoplankton Composition Within Selected Fertilized Lakes, Richard L. Meyer

Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Low-Energy Differential Scattering Of Electrons And Positrons From Noble Gases, David D. Reid, J. M. Wadehra Dec 1994

Low-Energy Differential Scattering Of Electrons And Positrons From Noble Gases, David D. Reid, J. M. Wadehra

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

Calculations of cross sections for electron (e) and positron (e+) scattering from ground-state He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe at projectile energies below the lowest inelastic thresholds are presented. The main focus in the present work is on the differential cross sections, since angular distributions depend sensitively on the choice of interaction potentials used in the calculations. A part of the interaction potential used in the calculations includes a parameter-free correlation-polarization potential which is (a) based on physical ideas of what a correlation-polarization potential should be, (b) different for various target gases, and (c) distinct for …


Electron-Beam-Induced Patterned Deposition Of Allylcyclopentadienyl Palladium Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, D.S. Saulys, A. Ermakov, E.L. Garfunkel, Peter A. Dowben Dec 1994

Electron-Beam-Induced Patterned Deposition Of Allylcyclopentadienyl Palladium Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, D.S. Saulys, A. Ermakov, E.L. Garfunkel, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

Scanning tunneling microscopy has been used to study the electron-induced decomposition of allylcyclopentadienyl palladium [Pd(η3-C3H5)( η5-C5H5)] and subsequent deposition on a Si(111) surface. Deposition occurs via an electron impact mechanism on either the tip or surface, depending on the bias polarity, and is observed with voltages of 2.75 V. This is close to the predicted condensed phase dissociation energy of 2.3 eV for Pd(η3-C3H5)(η5-C5H5)→Pd+C3H5+C5H5. Metallic deposits of nanometer …


Mössbauer Spectroscopic And Magnetic Studies Of Magnetoferritin, Q. A. Pankhurst, S. Betteridge, D. P. E. Dickson, T. Douglas, Stephen Mann, Richard B. Frankel Dec 1994

Mössbauer Spectroscopic And Magnetic Studies Of Magnetoferritin, Q. A. Pankhurst, S. Betteridge, D. P. E. Dickson, T. Douglas, Stephen Mann, Richard B. Frankel

Physics

Mössbauer spectroscopic and magnetic measurements have been made on a novel magnetic protein produced by the controlled reconstitution of ferritin. The data indicate that the predominant mineral form in the iron-containing cores is maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) rather than magnetite (Fe3O4).


Converted Railroad Corridors As Avian Habitat In Southeast Nebraska, Kevin L. Poague Dec 1994

Converted Railroad Corridors As Avian Habitat In Southeast Nebraska, Kevin L. Poague

Dissertations & Theses in Natural Resources

No abstract provided.


Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume Ii Of Ii, National Park Service Dec 1994

Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume Ii Of Ii, National Park Service

Publications (WR)

This document presents the results of surface-water-quality data retrievals for Lake Mead National Recreation Area (LAME) from five of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) national databases: (1) Storage and Retrieval (STORET) database management system; (2) River Reach File (RF3); (3) Industrial Facilities Discharge (IFD); (4) Drinking Water Supplies (DRINKS); and (5) Flow Gages (GAGES). This document is one product resulting from a cooperative contractual endeavor between the National Park Service's Servicewide Inventory and Monitoring Program, the National Park Service's Water Resources Division (WRD), and Horizon Systems Corporation to retrieve, format, and analyze water quality data for all units …


Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume I Of Ii, National Park Service Dec 1994

Baseline Water Quality Data Inventory And Analysis: Lake Mead National Recreation Area, Volume I Of Ii, National Park Service

Publications (WR)

This document presents the results of surface-water-quality data retrievals for Lake Mead National Recreation Area (LAME) from five of the United States Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) national databases: (1) Storage and Retrieval (STORET) database management system; (2) River Reach File (RF3); (3) Industrial Facilities Discharge (IFD); (4) Drinking Water Supplies (DRINKS); and (5) Flow Gages (GAGES). This document is one product resulting from a cooperative contractual endeavor between the National Park Service's Servicewide Inventory and Monitoring Program, the National Park Service's Water Resources Division (WRD), and Horizon Systems Corporation to retrieve, format, and analyze water quality data for all units …


Geology Newsletter- 1994, Department Of Geology Dec 1994

Geology Newsletter- 1994, Department Of Geology

Geological and Environmental Sciences News

Vol. 1, No. 19

  • Faculty News
  • Awards and Scholarships
  • Alumni/ Friends/ Former Faculty Notes
  • Geology Development and Scholarship Donations


Program Modeling And Control Synthesis For Robotic Manipulators, Ramiz N. Ballou, Arlan R. Dekock, David D. Ardayfio Dec 1994

Program Modeling And Control Synthesis For Robotic Manipulators, Ramiz N. Ballou, Arlan R. Dekock, David D. Ardayfio

Computer Science Technical Reports

The control and programming methodology of industrial robots is becoming increasingly important. The speed and accuracy of data generation, and the performance of the robot are considered the most important factors in robotics control. This paper presents and discusses algorithms that solve for the inverse solution for a given point in space at a very high speed based on the top down abstract method. The algorithms are independent of any specific type of manipulator configuration or programming language. The algorithms were implemented for the IBM-PC™ using the FORTRAN language to control the Armdroid™ robot. The program generates 500 sets of …


John Muir Newsletter, Winter 1994/1995, John Muir Center For Regional Studies Dec 1994

John Muir Newsletter, Winter 1994/1995, John Muir Center For Regional Studies

John Muir Newsletters

John Muir Newsletter winter 19i4-9a university of the pacific volume 5, number 1 FOLLOWING MUIR'S FIRST SUMMER ROUTE by John Fiske (Editor's note: John Fiske, retired engineer and Muir aficionado, lives near Coulterville and has thoroughly explored the region, tracking Muir's 1869 route as described in My First Summer in the Sierra. A year ago he accompanied a group of Muir enthusiasts from Japan on an excursion that began near Snelling and ended in Tuolumne Meadows. Fiske's trail notes are reprinted below. His meticulous research, and his careful delineation of the current topography and nomenclature, are valuable contributions to modern …


Portable, High-Bandwidth Frequency-Domain Photon Migration Instrument For Tissue Spectroscopy, Steen J. Madsen, Eric R. Anderson, Richard C. Haskell, Bruce J. Tromberg Dec 1994

Portable, High-Bandwidth Frequency-Domain Photon Migration Instrument For Tissue Spectroscopy, Steen J. Madsen, Eric R. Anderson, Richard C. Haskell, Bruce J. Tromberg

All HMC Faculty Publications and Research

We describe a novel frequency-domain photon migration instrument employing direct diode laser modulation and avalanche photodiode detection, which is capable of noninvasively determinating the optical properties of biological tissues in near real time. An infinite medium diffusion model was used to extract absorption and transport scattering coefficients from 300-kHz to 800-MHz photon-density wave phase data. Optical properties measured in tissue-simulating solutions at 670 nm agreed to within 10% of those expected.


Calculus-Based Physics Exploratory Study: Summary Report, Illinois Mathematics And Science Academy Dec 1994

Calculus-Based Physics Exploratory Study: Summary Report, Illinois Mathematics And Science Academy

Documents

During the 1992-1993 academic year a number of elements (national level surveys and research reports, IMSA’s professional development focus; a climate of reflective inquiry) focused attention on the participation and achievement of females in mathematics and science at a national level and, specifically, the participation and achievement of females in mathematics and science at the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy. These elements served as the catalyst for the calculus-based physics exploratory study.


A Preliminary Mass Balance Model Of Primary Productivity And Dissolved Oxygen In The Mississippi River Plume/Inner Gulf Shelf Region, Victor J. Bierman Jr., Scott C. Hinz, William J. Wiseman Jr., Nancy N. Rabalais, R. Eugene Turner Dec 1994

A Preliminary Mass Balance Model Of Primary Productivity And Dissolved Oxygen In The Mississippi River Plume/Inner Gulf Shelf Region, Victor J. Bierman Jr., Scott C. Hinz, William J. Wiseman Jr., Nancy N. Rabalais, R. Eugene Turner

Faculty Publications

A deterministic, mass balance model for phytoplankton, nutrients, and dissolved oxygen was applied to the Mississippi River Plume/Inner Gulf Shelf (MRP/IGS) region. The model was calibrated to a comprehensive set of field data collected during July 1990 at over 200 sampling stations in the northern Gulf of Mexico. The spatial domain of the model is represented by a three-dimensional, 21-segment water-column .grid extending from the Mississippi River Delta west to the Louisiana-Texas border, and from the shoreline seaward to the 30-60 m bathymetric contours. Diagnostic analyses and numerical experiments were conducted with the calibrated model to better understand the environmental …