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1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 1867

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Critical Dynamics Of Nonconserved Ising-Like Systems, K. E. Bassler, Beate Schmittmann Dec 1994

Critical Dynamics Of Nonconserved Ising-Like Systems, K. E. Bassler, Beate Schmittmann

Beate Schmittmann

We show that the dynamical fixed point of Ising-like models, characterized by a single scalar, nonconserved ordering field, is stable near four dimensions with respect to all dynamic perturbations, including those of a nonequilibrium nature.


Collective Expansion In Central Au+Au Collisions, W. C. Hsi, G. J. Kunde, J. Pochodzalla, W. G. Lynch, M. B. Tsang, M. L. Begemann-Blaich, D. R. Bowman, R. J. Charity, F. Cosmo, A. Ferrero, C. K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, T. Hofmann, G. Imme, I. Iori, J. Hubele, J. Kempter, P. Kreutz, W. D. Kunze, V. Lindenstruth, M. A. Lisa, U. Lynen, M. Mang, A. Moroni, W. F.J. Müller, M. Neumann, B. Ocker, C. A. Ogilvie, Graham F. Peaslee, G. Raciti, F. Rosenberger, H. Sann, R. Scardaoni, A. Schüttauf, C. Schwarz, W. Seidei, V. Serfling, L. G. Sobotka Dec 1994

Collective Expansion In Central Au+Au Collisions, W. C. Hsi, G. J. Kunde, J. Pochodzalla, W. G. Lynch, M. B. Tsang, M. L. Begemann-Blaich, D. R. Bowman, R. J. Charity, F. Cosmo, A. Ferrero, C. K. Gelbke, T. Glasmacher, T. Hofmann, G. Imme, I. Iori, J. Hubele, J. Kempter, P. Kreutz, W. D. Kunze, V. Lindenstruth, M. A. Lisa, U. Lynen, M. Mang, A. Moroni, W. F.J. Müller, M. Neumann, B. Ocker, C. A. Ogilvie, Graham F. Peaslee, G. Raciti, F. Rosenberger, H. Sann, R. Scardaoni, A. Schüttauf, C. Schwarz, W. Seidei, V. Serfling, L. G. Sobotka

Faculty Publications

Energy spectra for intermediate mass fragments produced in central Au + Au collisions at EA=100 MeV indicate a collective expansion at breakup. For the first time, values for this collective expansion energy per nucleon are extracted independently for each charge. Typically, these values are one-third to one-half of the incident kinetic energy per nucleon in the c.m. system, but they decrease with Zf, suggesting that all fragments do not participate equally in the collective expansion.


Formation Of Shape-Preserving Pulses In A Nonlinear Adiabatically Integrable System, R. Grobe, Foek T. Hioe, J. H. Eberly Dec 1994

Formation Of Shape-Preserving Pulses In A Nonlinear Adiabatically Integrable System, R. Grobe, Foek T. Hioe, J. H. Eberly

Physics Faculty/Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Fragmentation Of Necklike Structures, C. P. Montoya, W. G. Lynch, D. R. Bowman, Graham F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R. T. De Souza, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, L. Phair, M. B. Tsang, J. B. Webster, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M. A. Mcmahan, G. J. Wozniak, L. G. Moretto Dec 1994

Fragmentation Of Necklike Structures, C. P. Montoya, W. G. Lynch, D. R. Bowman, Graham F. Peaslee, N. Carlin, R. T. De Souza, C. K. Gelbke, W. G. Gong, Y. D. Kim, M. A. Lisa, L. Phair, M. B. Tsang, J. B. Webster, C. Williams, N. Colonna, K. Hanold, M. A. Mcmahan, G. J. Wozniak, L. G. Moretto

Faculty Publications

Intermediate mass fragment (IMF: 3≤Z≤20 emission from necklike structures joining projectilelike and targetlike residues has been observed for peripheral Xe129 + Cunat collisions at EA=50 MeV. These fragments are emitted primarily at velocities between those of the projectilelike and targetlike residues. Relative to the charge distribution of fragments evaporated from projectilelike residues, the distribution for "neck" emission shows an enhanced emission for fragments with 4≤ZIMF≤12. This feature is consistent with expectations for the fragmentation of a noncompact cylindrical configuration.


Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi Dec 1994

Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl

Emeritus Faculty Author Gallery

No abstract provided.


Kinetics Of Clustering In Traffic Flows, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner Dec 1994

Kinetics Of Clustering In Traffic Flows, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner

Eli Ben-Naim

We study a simple aggregation model that mimics the clustering of traffic on a one-lane roadway. In this model, each ``car'' moves ballistically at its initial velocity until it overtakes the preceding car or cluster. After this encounter, the incident car assumes the velocity of the cluster which it has just joined. The properties of the initial distribution of velocities in the small velocity limit control the long-time properties of the aggregation process. For an initial velocity distribution with a power-law tail at small velocities, $\pvim$ as $v \to 0$, a simple scaling argument shows that the average cluster size ...


The Probe, Issue # 150 -- December 1994 Dec 1994

The Probe, Issue # 150 -- December 1994

The Probe: Newsletter of the National Animal Damage Control Association

Raccoon Rabies Epizootic - United States 1993
NPCA Concerned About Competition From ADC for Bird Control Jobs
Translocation of Wild Canids Brings Disease Threats
California Assemblyman Says "Time to Repeal Mountain Lion Initiative"
NADCA Information/Techniques Committee Wants YOU
Call for Nominations for Beiryman Institute Awards
Well! At Least We Told 'Em How It Is (1980 article), by George S. Rost


Square Roots Of Finite Groups - Ii, Matthew Devos, David Mcadams, Rebecca Rapoport Dec 1994

Square Roots Of Finite Groups - Ii, Matthew Devos, David Mcadams, Rebecca Rapoport

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

A subset R of a finite group G is a square root of G if R2 = G. If R is a square root of G for which |R|2 = G, then R is referred to as a perfect square root of G. It can be shown using character theory that perfect square roots do not exist. The purpose of this paper is to work toward an elementary proof of this result.


Distinct Products Of Triples In Finite Groups, Curtis Z. Mitchell Dec 1994

Distinct Products Of Triples In Finite Groups, Curtis Z. Mitchell

Mathematical Sciences Technical Reports (MSTR)

Let G be a finite group and let Di(G) be the proportion of triples ( x , y , z ) of elements in G such that the cardinality of { xyz , xzy , yxz, yzx , zxy , zyx } is i. In this paper we show that:

i) The average value of Di is either 1 or at least 53/32.

ii) D2= 0 ==> D3 = D4 = D5 = D6 = 0;

iii) D3= 0 ==> D4 = D5 = 0


Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi Dec 1994

Sixth U.S.-Japan Seminar On Polymer Synthesis: Macromolecular Design For Advanced Materials, Otto Vogl, Shiro Kobayashi

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


Computer Simplification Of Engineering Systems Formulas, J. W. Helton, Mark Stankus, John Wavrik Dec 1994

Computer Simplification Of Engineering Systems Formulas, J. W. Helton, Mark Stankus, John Wavrik

Mathematics

Currently, the three most popular commercial computer algebra systems are Mathematica, Maple, and MACSYMA (the 3 M’s). These systems provide a wide variety of symbolic computation facilities for commutative algebra and contain implementations of powerful algorithms in that domain. The Gröbner Basis Algorithm, for example, is an important tool used in computation with commutative algebras and in solving systems of polynomial equations.

On the other hand, most of the computation involved in linear control theory is performed on matrices and these do not commute. A typical issue of IEEE TAC is full of A B C D type linear ...


Energy Spread And Ion Current Measurements Of Several Ion Sources, A. D. Gaus, W. T. Htwe, J. A. Brand, Timothy J. Gay, M. Schulz Dec 1994

Energy Spread And Ion Current Measurements Of Several Ion Sources, A. D. Gaus, W. T. Htwe, J. A. Brand, Timothy J. Gay, M. Schulz

Timothy J. Gay Publications

Energy spread and extracted current measurements are presented for five different types of ion sources: hot cathode, cold cathode, magnetron, microwave, and electron cyclotron resonance (ECR). The measurements were performed with a 45° parallel-plate energy analyzer with a resolution of better than 0.5 eV at 500 eV incident energy. Energy spreads ranged from 0.5 to 4 eV, while total extracted beam currents ranged from 2 to 30 μA. Beam currents due specifically to protons, 3He++ ions, and H+2 ions are also presented. The ECR and magnetron sources gave the best overall performance. These, along with the ...


Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

Polymer Institute Slovak Academy Of Sciences Bratislava, Slovakia, Otto Vogl

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl Dec 1994

64. Tibor Kelen, Otto Vogl

Otto Vogl

No abstract provided.


Magnetotaxis And Magnetic Particles In Bacteria, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski Dec 1994

Magnetotaxis And Magnetic Particles In Bacteria, Richard B. Frankel, Dennis A. Bazylinski

Physics

Magnetotactic bacteria contain magnetic particles that constitute a permanent magnetic dipole and cause each cell to orient and migrate along geomagnetic field lines. Recent results relevant to the biomineralization process and to the function of magnetotaxis are discussed.


Determination Of The Seasonal Changes In Nitrate And Phosphate Concentration And Phytoplankton Composition Within Selected Fertilized Lakes, Richard L. Meyer Dec 1994

Determination Of The Seasonal Changes In Nitrate And Phosphate Concentration And Phytoplankton Composition Within Selected Fertilized Lakes, Richard L. Meyer

Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Low-Energy Differential Scattering Of Electrons And Positrons From Noble Gases, David D. Reid, J. M. Wadehra Dec 1994

Low-Energy Differential Scattering Of Electrons And Positrons From Noble Gases, David D. Reid, J. M. Wadehra

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Research Publications

Calculations of cross sections for electron (e) and positron (e+) scattering from ground-state He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe at projectile energies below the lowest inelastic thresholds are presented. The main focus in the present work is on the differential cross sections, since angular distributions depend sensitively on the choice of interaction potentials used in the calculations. A part of the interaction potential used in the calculations includes a parameter-free correlation-polarization potential which is (a) based on physical ideas of what a correlation-polarization potential should be, (b) different for various target gases, and (c) distinct for electron and positron scattering ...


Small Polarons And The Electronic Properties Of Mo2S3, Adilgiry A. Kusov, Roger D. Kirby Dec 1994

Small Polarons And The Electronic Properties Of Mo2S3, Adilgiry A. Kusov, Roger D. Kirby

Faculty Publications, Department of Physics and Astronomy

We investigate the small-polaron mechanism as a possible explanation of electrical-conduction and electrical-noise properties of the linear chain material Mo2S3. Experimental conductivity and noise data obtained in earlier papers [Phys. Rev. B 38, 3973 (1988); Phys. Rev. B 39, 5139 (1989)] are analyzed in terms of a small-polaron mechanism and double-well potential model. We interpret the observed electronic properties in terms of kinetic equations describing the interaction of free carriers with fluctuations of density of the lattice. Appropriate kinetics equations to describe this interaction, which leads to small-polaron formation, are derived. These equations are found to explain ...


Stream Of Consciousness (1994), Alliance For Aquatic Resource Monitoring (Allarm) Dec 1994

Stream Of Consciousness (1994), Alliance For Aquatic Resource Monitoring (Allarm)

Stream of Consciousness

Stream of Consciousness is a publication from the Alliance for Aquatic Resource Monitoring (ALLARM) at Dickinson College.

Table of Contents

ALLARM Awarded Matching Funds Grant by The National Environment Education and Training Foundation (NEETF) / by Stefanie Comastro

Keeping Up with SMART / by Jonathan Cox

Volunteer Spotlight: George Walthour / by Melissa Russo

The Campaign for Clean Air Continues in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania / by Stefanie Comastro

ALLARM's 1994 Fall Board Meeting and General Workshop / by Todd Schively

What Can You Do to Help the Environment in 1995?

ALLARM To Start Its New Watershed Initiative With A Spring Training Workshop

Meet ...


Review Of "Modern Physics From Α To Z°" By J. W. Rohlf, Peter J. Collings Dec 1994

Review Of "Modern Physics From Α To Z°" By J. W. Rohlf, Peter J. Collings

Physics & Astronomy Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


Comparison Of Continuous Records Of Near-Bottom Dissolved Oxygen From The Hypoxia Zone Along The Louisiana Coast, Nancy N. Rabalais, William J. Wiseman, R. Eugene Turner Dec 1994

Comparison Of Continuous Records Of Near-Bottom Dissolved Oxygen From The Hypoxia Zone Along The Louisiana Coast, Nancy N. Rabalais, William J. Wiseman, R. Eugene Turner

Faculty Publications

Oxygen depletion is a seasonally dominant feature of the lower water column on the highly-stratified, riverine-influenced continental shelf of Louisiana. The areal extent of hypoxia (bottom waters ≤2 mg l−1 dissolved oxygen) in mid-summer may encompass up to 9,500 km2, from the Mississippi River delta to the upper Texas coast, with the spatial configuration of the zone varying interannually. We placed two continuously recording oxygen meters (Endeco 1184) within 1 m of the seabed in 20-m water depth at two locations 77 km apart where we previously documented midsummer bottom water hypoxia. The oxygen meters recorded considerably different ...


Ariadne User Manual Version 2.0, Edward Mascarenhas, Vernon J. Rego, Vaidy Sunderam Dec 1994

Ariadne User Manual Version 2.0, Edward Mascarenhas, Vernon J. Rego, Vaidy Sunderam

Department of Computer Science Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Display User Manual Version 1.1, Edward Mascarenhas, Vernon J. Rego Dec 1994

Display User Manual Version 1.1, Edward Mascarenhas, Vernon J. Rego

Department of Computer Science Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Interactive Shape Control And Rapid Display Of A-Patches, Chandrajit L. Bajaj, Jindon Chen, Guoliang Xu Dec 1994

Interactive Shape Control And Rapid Display Of A-Patches, Chandrajit L. Bajaj, Jindon Chen, Guoliang Xu

Department of Computer Science Technical Reports

No abstract provided.


Sorption Of Chlorinated Organic Compounds By Sedimentary Rocks, Paul M. Mcginley, S. Kesaraju, Ronald D. Gruzesky Dec 1994

Sorption Of Chlorinated Organic Compounds By Sedimentary Rocks, Paul M. Mcginley, S. Kesaraju, Ronald D. Gruzesky

KWRRI Research Reports

The sorption of dichlorobenzene and trichlorobenzene on carbonate and shale rocks collected in Kentucky demonstrate that rock organic matter content is a good indicator of sorptive reactivity in rock systems. Although this is similar to soil systems, significant differences between sorption in rock and soil systems exist. Sorption isotherms on these rocks are nonlinear and sorption can be an order of magnitude higher than predicted using correlations from soils and their organic matter content. This sorption reaction could lead to significant concentration tailing during contaminant cleanup. Experimental elution of trichloroethylene from rock filled columns verified that cleanup times might be ...


A Survey Of Source And Finished Water Supplies For Giardia Cysts And Cryptosporidium Oocysts, Lisa Martin Sexton Dec 1994

A Survey Of Source And Finished Water Supplies For Giardia Cysts And Cryptosporidium Oocysts, Lisa Martin Sexton

KWRRI Research Reports

The occurrence of Giardia lamblia cysts and Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts was determined from source and treated drinking water supplies at selected water treatment facilities in Eastern Kentucky. Giardia and Cryptosporidium are two human protozoan parasites often found in water supplies due to fecal contamination. Characteristic cysts and oocysts were identified from large volume water samples, typically 100 gallons for raw samples and 1,000 gallons for finished water, using an indirect fluorescent antibody specific for Giardia and Cryptosporidium. Source water from four different water treatment facilities utilizing a reservoir, river, and two creeks were assayed. All sites exhibited Giardia lamblia ...


Electron-Beam-Induced Patterned Deposition Of Allylcyclopentadienyl Palladium Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, D.S. Saulys, A. Ermakov, E.L. Garfunkel, Peter A. Dowben Dec 1994

Electron-Beam-Induced Patterned Deposition Of Allylcyclopentadienyl Palladium Using Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, D.S. Saulys, A. Ermakov, E.L. Garfunkel, Peter A. Dowben

Peter Dowben Publications

Scanning tunneling microscopy has been used to study the electron-induced decomposition of allylcyclopentadienyl palladium [Pd(η3-C3H5)( η5-C5H5)] and subsequent deposition on a Si(111) surface. Deposition occurs via an electron impact mechanism on either the tip or surface, depending on the bias polarity, and is observed with voltages of 2.75 V. This is close to the predicted condensed phase dissociation energy of 2.3 eV for Pd(η3-C3H5)(η5-C5H5)→Pd+C3H5+C5H5. Metallic ...


Mössbauer Spectroscopic And Magnetic Studies Of Magnetoferritin, Q. A. Pankhurst, S. Betteridge, D. P. E. Dickson, T. Douglas, Stephen Mann, Richard B. Frankel Dec 1994

Mössbauer Spectroscopic And Magnetic Studies Of Magnetoferritin, Q. A. Pankhurst, S. Betteridge, D. P. E. Dickson, T. Douglas, Stephen Mann, Richard B. Frankel

Physics

Mössbauer spectroscopic and magnetic measurements have been made on a novel magnetic protein produced by the controlled reconstitution of ferritin. The data indicate that the predominant mineral form in the iron-containing cores is maghemite (γ-Fe2O3) rather than magnetite (Fe3O4).