# Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons™

Articles 1 - 30 of 70

## Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Applying Topographic Classification, Based On The Hydrological Process, To Design Habitat Linkages For Climate Change, Yongwon Mo, Dong Kun Lee, Keunyea Song, Ho Gul Kim, Soo Jin Park Nov 2017

#### Applying Topographic Classification, Based On The Hydrological Process, To Design Habitat Linkages For Climate Change, Yongwon Mo, Dong Kun Lee, Keunyea Song, Ho Gul Kim, Soo Jin Park

##### Papers in Natural Resources

The use of biodiversity surrogates has been discussed in the context of designing habitat linkages to support the migration of species affected by climate change. Topography has been proposed as a useful surrogate in the coarse-filter approach, as the hydrological process caused by topography such as erosion and accumulation is the basis of ecological processes. However, some studies that have designed topographic linkages as habitat linkages, so far have focused much on the shape of the topography (morphometric topographic classification) with little emphasis on the hydrological processes (generic topographic classification) to find such topographic linkages. We aimed to understand whether …

Introductory Biology Students’ Use Of Enhanced Answer Keys And Reflection Questions To Engage In Metacognition And Enhance Understanding, Jaime L. Sabel, Joseph T. Dauer, Cory T. Forbes Sep 2017

#### Introductory Biology Students’ Use Of Enhanced Answer Keys And Reflection Questions To Engage In Metacognition And Enhance Understanding, Jaime L. Sabel, Joseph T. Dauer, Cory T. Forbes

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Providing feedback to students as they learn to integrate individual concepts into complex systems is an important way to help them to develop robust understanding, but it is challenging in large, undergraduate classes for instructors to provide feedback that is frequent and directed enough to help individual students. Various scaffolds can be used to help students engage in self-regulated learning and generate internal feedback to improve their learning. This study examined the use of enhanced answer keys with added reflection questions and instruction as scaffolds for engaging undergraduate students in self-regulated learning within an introductory biology course. Study findings show …

#### Geological Principles Illustrated In The Art Along The Antelope Valley Hiker/Biker Trail – The Big X (Salt Creek Roadway/Antelope Valley Parkway) South To Q Street, Robert Diffendal, Jr.

##### Papers in Natural Resources

When the weather is good (and even sometimes when it isn’t) I occasionally walk around the periphery of the UNL city campus, often over the lunch hour, now that the trails and the sidewalks allow one to walk a complete circuit. The walk along Antelope Creek from the Big X to Q Street is beautiful. The designers of the project made nice art works on the floor of the creek and on the retaining walls on the valley sides that add to the beauty of nature.

I am a geologist and wondered about some of the art and its meaning …

The Future Of Earth Observation In Hydrology, Matthew F. Mccabe, Matthew Rodell, Douglas E. Alsdorf, Remko Uijlenhoet, Wolfgang Wagner, Arko Lucieer, Rasmus Houborg, Niko E. C. Verhoest, Trenton E. Franz, Jiancheng Shi, Huilin Gao, Eric F. Wood Jul 2017

#### The Future Of Earth Observation In Hydrology, Matthew F. Mccabe, Matthew Rodell, Douglas E. Alsdorf, Remko Uijlenhoet, Wolfgang Wagner, Arko Lucieer, Rasmus Houborg, Niko E. C. Verhoest, Trenton E. Franz, Jiancheng Shi, Huilin Gao, Eric F. Wood

##### Papers in Natural Resources

In just the past 5 years, the field of Earth observation has progressed beyond the offerings of conventional space-agency-based platforms to include a plethora of sensing opportunities afforded by CubeSats, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and smartphone technologies that are being embraced by both for-profit companies and individual researchers. Over the previous decades, space agency efforts have brought forth well-known and immensely useful satellites such as the Landsat series and the Gravity Research and Climate Experiment (GRACE) system, with costs typically of the order of 1 billion dollars per satellite and with concept-to-launch timelines of the order of 2 decades (for …

Scaling, Similarity, And The Fourth Paradigm For Hydrology, Chirsta D. Peters-Lidard, Martyn Clark, Luis Samaniego, Niko E. C. Verhoest, Tim Van Emmerik, Remko Uijlenhoet, Kevin Achieng, Trenton E. Franz, Ross Woods Jul 2017

#### Scaling, Similarity, And The Fourth Paradigm For Hydrology, Chirsta D. Peters-Lidard, Martyn Clark, Luis Samaniego, Niko E. C. Verhoest, Tim Van Emmerik, Remko Uijlenhoet, Kevin Achieng, Trenton E. Franz, Ross Woods

##### Papers in Natural Resources

In this synthesis paper addressing hydrologic scaling and similarity, we posit that roadblocks in the search for universal laws of hydrology are hindered by our focus on computational simulation (the third paradigm) and assert that it is time for hydrology to embrace a fourth paradigm of data intensive science. Advances in information-based hydrologic science, coupled with an explosion of hydrologic data and advances in parameter estimation and modeling, have laid the foundation for a data-driven framework for scrutinizing hydrological scaling and similarity hypotheses. We summarize important scaling and similarity concepts (hypotheses) that require testing; describe a mutual information framework for …

An Evaluation Of Emergent Macrophytes And Use Among Groups Of Aquatic Taxa, Kristopher J. Stahr, Mark A. Kaemingk Jul 2017

#### An Evaluation Of Emergent Macrophytes And Use Among Groups Of Aquatic Taxa, Kristopher J. Stahr, Mark A. Kaemingk

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Aquatic vegetation serves an important ecological role. Previous research on the interactions of macrophytes and aquatic organisms has focused primarily on submersed macrophytes due to their structural complexity and associated ecological impacts. However, the role of emergent vegetation is far less understood and often overlooked because they lack structural complexity. We evaluated 3 common emergent macrophytes and an open water habitat, and determined use among multiple aquatic taxa. Pelican Lake, Nebraska, USA, served as our study system because it is dominated by 3 emergent macrophytes: common cattail (Typha latifolia), softstem bulrush (Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani), and common reed …

Transcriptomic Effects Of Dispersed Oil In A Non-Model Decapod Crustacean, Hernan Vázquez-Miranda, Brent P. Thoma, Juliet M. Wong, Darryl L. Felder, Keith A. Crandall, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom May 2017

#### Transcriptomic Effects Of Dispersed Oil In A Non-Model Decapod Crustacean, Hernan Vázquez-Miranda, Brent P. Thoma, Juliet M. Wong, Darryl L. Felder, Keith A. Crandall, Heather D. Bracken-Grissom

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Background. Oil spills are major environmental disasters. Dispersants help control spills, as they emulsify oil into droplets to speed bioremediation. Although dispersant toxicity is controversial, the genetic consequences and damages of dispersed oil exposure are poorly understood. We used RNA-seq to measure gene expression of flatback mudcrabs (Eurypanopeus depressus, Decapoda, Brachyura, Panopeidae) exposed to dispersed oil. Methods. Our experimental design included two control types, oil-only, and oil-dispersant treatments with three replicates each. We prepared 100 base pair-ended libraries from total RNA and sequenced them in one Illumina HiSeq2000 lane. We assembled a reference transcriptome with all replicates per treatment, …

Predation Risk: A Potential Mechanism For Effects Of A Wind Energy Facility On Greater Prairie-Chicken Survival, Jennifer A. Smith, Mary B. Brown, J.O. Harrison, Larkin A. Powell Apr 2017

#### Predation Risk: A Potential Mechanism For Effects Of A Wind Energy Facility On Greater Prairie-Chicken Survival, Jennifer A. Smith, Mary B. Brown, J.O. Harrison, Larkin A. Powell

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Recent expansion of the wind energy industry has raised concerns about the potential effects of wind energy facilities on prairie grouse. For example, efforts have been made to evaluate indirect effects on prairie grouse survival, but it is also critical to investigate the underlying mechanisms to direct conservation strategies. The objective of this study was to investigate the indirect effects of a wind energy facility on the survival of female Greater Prairie-Chickens (Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus) and on the occupancy of avian and mammalian predators. Between March and July of 2013 and 2014, we investigated spatial variation in predation risk by …

Hydraulics Near Unscreened Diversion Pipes In Open Channels: Large Flume Experiments, Ali Ercan, M. Levent Kavvas, Kara Carr, Zachary Hockett, Houssein Bandeh, Timothy D. Mussen, Dennis E. Cocherell, Jamilynn B. Poletto, Joseph J. Cech Jr., Nann A. Fangue Apr 2017

#### Hydraulics Near Unscreened Diversion Pipes In Open Channels: Large Flume Experiments, Ali Ercan, M. Levent Kavvas, Kara Carr, Zachary Hockett, Houssein Bandeh, Timothy D. Mussen, Dennis E. Cocherell, Jamilynn B. Poletto, Joseph J. Cech Jr., Nann A. Fangue

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Most of the water diversions on the Sacramento and San Joaquin Rivers (California, United States) and their tributaries are currently unscreened. These unscreened diversions are commonly used for irrigation and are potentially harmful to migrating and resident fishes. A large flume (test section: 18.29 m long, 3.05 m wide and 3.20 m high) was used to investigate the hydraulic fields near an unscreened water diversion under ecologically and hydraulically relevant diversion rates and channel flow characteristics. We investigated all combinations of three diversion rates (0.28, 0.42, and 0.57 m3/s) and three sweeping velocities (0.15, 0.38, and 0.61 m/s), …

Nest Site Selection And Nest Survival Of Eastern Wild Turkeys In A Pyric Landscape, Nathan A. Yeldell, Bradley S. Cohen, Andrew R. Little, Bret A. Collier, Michael J. Chamberlain Apr 2017

#### Nest Site Selection And Nest Survival Of Eastern Wild Turkeys In A Pyric Landscape, Nathan A. Yeldell, Bradley S. Cohen, Andrew R. Little, Bret A. Collier, Michael J. Chamberlain

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Pine (Pinus spp.)-dominated forests are commonly managed with prescribed fire in the southeastern United States to reduce fuel loads, maintain diverse plant communities, and increase habitat quality for wildlife. Prescribed fire alters understory vegetation, which is a key component of nesting habitat for ground-nesting birds. We assessed the influences of vegetation, prescribed fire, and landscape features (e.g., roads, edge) on nest site selection and nest survival of eastern wild turkeys (Meleagris gallopavo silvestris) in a pine-dominated ecosystem in west-central Louisiana. We radio-marked 55 female wild turkeys and evaluated vegetation and landscape characteristics associated with 69 nests during the …

Feasibility Analysis Of Using Inverse Modeling For Estimating Field-Scale Evapotranspiration In Maize And Soybean Fields From Soil Water Content Monitoring Networks, Foad Foolad, Trenton E. Franz, Teijun Wang, Justin Gibson, Ayse Kilie, Richard Allen, Andrew E. Suyker Mar 2017

#### Feasibility Analysis Of Using Inverse Modeling For Estimating Field-Scale Evapotranspiration In Maize And Soybean Fields From Soil Water Content Monitoring Networks, Foad Foolad, Trenton E. Franz, Teijun Wang, Justin Gibson, Ayse Kilie, Richard Allen, Andrew E. Suyker

##### Papers in Natural Resources

In this study, the feasibility of using inverse vadose zone modeling for estimating field-scale actual evapotranspiration (ETa/ was explored at a long-term agricultural monitoring site in eastern Nebraska. Data from both point-scale soil water content (SWC) sensors and the areaaverage technique of cosmic-ray neutron probes were evaluated against independent ETa estimates from a co-located eddy covariance tower. While this methodology has been successfully used for estimates of groundwater recharge, it was essential to assess the performance of other components of the water balance such as ETa. In light of recent evaluations of land surface models (LSMs), independent estimates of hydrologic …

Temporal Migration Shifts In The Aransas-Wood Buffalo Population Of Whooping Cranes (Grus Americana) Across North America, Joel G. Jorgensen, Mary Bomberger Brown Jan 2017

#### Temporal Migration Shifts In The Aransas-Wood Buffalo Population Of Whooping Cranes (Grus Americana) Across North America, Joel G. Jorgensen, Mary Bomberger Brown

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Birds are altering the phenology of critical life history events, including migration, in response to the effects of global climate change. Whooping Cranes (Grus americana) are one of the most critically endangered birds in the world. Their remnant population, referred to as the Aransas-Wood Buffalo Population, numbers between 300-400 individuals and migrates between the U.S. Gulf of Mexico coast and north-central Canada twice each year. Previous analyses suggested Whooping Crane migration was temporally constant in spring and fall. New analyses of observations spanning 1942-2016 show Whooping Crane migration is now occurring earlier in spring by approximately 22 days …

Foliar Reflectance And Biochemistry, 5 Data Sets, A. Solovchenko, A. Gitelson, O. Chivkunova, M. Merzlyak Jan 2017

#### Foliar Reflectance And Biochemistry, 5 Data Sets, A. Solovchenko, A. Gitelson, O. Chivkunova, M. Merzlyak

##### Papers in Natural Resources

No abstract provided.

The Roles Of Ecology, Behavior And Effective Population Size In The Evolution Of A Community., C.M. Hung, S. Drovetski, R. M. Zink Jan 2017

#### The Roles Of Ecology, Behavior And Effective Population Size In The Evolution Of A Community., C.M. Hung, S. Drovetski, R. M. Zink

##### Papers in Natural Resources

No abstract provided.

Great Plains Geology -- A Personal Journey, Robert F. Diffendal Jr. Jan 2017

#### Great Plains Geology -- A Personal Journey, Robert F. Diffendal Jr.

##### Papers in Natural Resources

From graduate school in 1962 to now, I achieved my goals and became a geologist and professor, travelling and doing research in the Great Plains and western Central Lowland physiographic provinces, and looking at geology in exotic places like the UK, China, Australia and New Zealand. Fast forward to 2013. I had enough experience and expertise on Great Plains geology by then that I was asked to write a short book of about 35,000 words on the geology of the Great Plains by the director of the Center for Great Plains Studies at the University of Nebraska, Dr Richard Edwards. …

Parallel Seasonal Patterns Of Photosynthesis, Fluorescence, And Reflectance Indices In Boreal Trees, Kyle R. Springer, Ran Wang, John A. Gamon Jan 2017

#### Parallel Seasonal Patterns Of Photosynthesis, Fluorescence, And Reflectance Indices In Boreal Trees, Kyle R. Springer, Ran Wang, John A. Gamon

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Tree species in the boreal forest cycle between periods of active growth and dormancy alter their photosynthetic processes in response to changing environmental conditions. For deciduous species, these changes are readily visible, while evergreen species have subtler foliar changes during seasonal transitions. In this study, we used remotely sensed optical indices to observe seasonal changes in photosynthetic activity, or photosynthetic phenology, of six boreal tree species. We evaluated the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), the photochemical reflectance index (PRI), the chlorophyll/carotenoid index (CCI), and steady-state chlorophyll fluorescence (FS) as a measure of solar-induced fluorescence (SIF), and compared these …

Multi-Scale Habitat Selection By Cow Moose (Alces Alces) At Calving Sites In Central Ontario, A.A.D. Mclaren, J. F. Benson, B.R. Patterson Jan 2017

#### Multi-Scale Habitat Selection By Cow Moose (Alces Alces) At Calving Sites In Central Ontario, A.A.D. Mclaren, J. F. Benson, B.R. Patterson

##### Papers in Natural Resources

No abstract provided.

Acoustic Characteristics Of Lekking Male Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus Cupido Pinnatus) Vocalizations (Supplement), Cara E. Whalen, Mary Bomberger Brown, Joann Mcgee, Larkin A. Powell, Edward J. Walsh Jan 2017

#### Acoustic Characteristics Of Lekking Male Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus Cupido Pinnatus) Vocalizations (Supplement), Cara E. Whalen, Mary Bomberger Brown, Joann Mcgee, Larkin A. Powell, Edward J. Walsh

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Boom

Cackle

Whine

Whoop

Nest Site Selection And Nest Survival Of Greater Prairie-Chickens Near A Wind Energy Facility, Jocelyn Olney Harrison, Mary B. Brown, Larkin A. Powell, Walter H. Schacht, Jennifer A. Smith Jan 2017

#### Nest Site Selection And Nest Survival Of Greater Prairie-Chickens Near A Wind Energy Facility, Jocelyn Olney Harrison, Mary B. Brown, Larkin A. Powell, Walter H. Schacht, Jennifer A. Smith

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Rapid development of wind energy facilities in the Great Plains of North America has raised concerns regarding their potential negative impact on the nesting ecology of Greater Prairie-Chickens (Tympanuchus cupido pinnatus). We investigated the effects of a pre-existing, 36-turbine wind energy facility on nest site selection and nest survival of Greater Prairie-Chickens in the unfragmented grasslands of the Nebraska Sandhills, USA. In 2013 and 2014, we monitored 91 nests along a 24-km disturbance gradient leading away from the wind energy facility. We found little evidence of an effect of the wind energy facility on Greater Prairie-Chicken nest site …

Parallel Seasonal Patterns Of Photosynthesis, Fluorescence, And Reflectance Indices In Boreal Trees, Kyle R. Springer, Ran Wang, John A. Gamon Jan 2017

#### Parallel Seasonal Patterns Of Photosynthesis, Fluorescence, And Reflectance Indices In Boreal Trees, Kyle R. Springer, Ran Wang, John A. Gamon

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Tree species in the boreal forest cycle between periods of active growth and dormancy alter their photosynthetic processes in response to changing environmental conditions. For deciduous species, these changes are readily visible, while evergreen species have subtler foliar changes during seasonal transitions. In this study, we used remotely sensed optical indices to observe seasonal changes in photosynthetic activity, or photosynthetic phenology, of six boreal tree species. We evaluated the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), the photochemical reflectance index (PRI), the chlorophyll/carotenoid index (CCI), and steady-state chlorophyll fluorescence (FS) as a measure of solar-induced fluorescence (SIF), and compared these …

The Impact Of Water Quality In Narragansett Bay On Housing Prices, Tingting Liu, James J. Opaluch, Emi Uchida Jan 2017

#### The Impact Of Water Quality In Narragansett Bay On Housing Prices, Tingting Liu, James J. Opaluch, Emi Uchida

##### Papers in Natural Resources

No abstract provided.

Assessment Of Irrigation Physics In A Land Surface Modeling Framework Using Non-Traditional And Human-Practice Datasets, Paticia M. Lawston, Joseph A. Santanello Jr., Trenton E. Franz, Matthew Rodell Jan 2017

#### Assessment Of Irrigation Physics In A Land Surface Modeling Framework Using Non-Traditional And Human-Practice Datasets, Paticia M. Lawston, Joseph A. Santanello Jr., Trenton E. Franz, Matthew Rodell

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Irrigation increases soil moisture, which in turn controls water and energy fluxes from the land surface to the planetary boundary layer and determines plant stress and productivity. Therefore, developing a realistic representation of irrigation is critical to understanding land–atmosphere interactions in agricultural areas. Irrigation parameterizations are becoming more common in land surface models and are growing in sophistication, but there is difficulty in assessing the realism of these schemes, due to limited observations (e.g., soil moisture, evapotranspiration) and scant reporting of irrigation timing and quantity. This study uses the Noah land surface model run at high resolution within NASA’s Land …

#### Book Review: Ecology And Conservation Of Lesser Prairie-Chickens, Edited By David A. Haukos And Clint W. Boal. 2016., Larkin Powell

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Scholars, conservationists, policymakers, and students will find critical information and a detailed case study on an avian species of conservation concern in this edited volume. Haukos and Boal have gathered work by 29 contributing authors in a well-designed set of 18 chapters that showcases current information about the Lesser Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus pallidicinctus). The book is timely in covering this species, which has found itself in the throes of the court system recently, having been designated with federal protection as a threatened species in 2014, only to have the courts vacate the listing rule in 2015, just as this volume went …

Modeling With A Conceptual Representation: Is It Necessary? Does It Work?, Rebecca C. Jordan, Steven Gray, Amanda E. Sorensen, Samantha Pasewark, Suparna Sinha, Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver Jan 2017

#### Modeling With A Conceptual Representation: Is It Necessary? Does It Work?, Rebecca C. Jordan, Steven Gray, Amanda E. Sorensen, Samantha Pasewark, Suparna Sinha, Cindy E. Hmelo-Silver

##### Papers in Natural Resources

In response to recent educational imperatives in the United States, modeling and systems thinking have been identified as being critical for science learning. In this paper, we investigate models in the classroom from two important perspectives: (1) from the teacher perspective to understand how teachers perceive models and use models in the classroom and (2) from the students perspective to understand how student use model-based reasoning to represent their understanding in a classroom setting. Qualitative data collected from 19 teachers who attended a professional development workshop in the northeastern United States indicate that while teachers see the value in teaching …

Location Matters: Evaluating Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus Cupido) Boom Chorus Propagation, Edward J. Raynor, Cara E. Whalen, Mary Bomberger Brown, Larkin A. Powell Jan 2017

#### Location Matters: Evaluating Greater Prairie-Chicken (Tympanuchus Cupido) Boom Chorus Propagation, Edward J. Raynor, Cara E. Whalen, Mary Bomberger Brown, Larkin A. Powell

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Anthropogenic disturbances can affect species of conservation concern by influencing their behavior. Of special concern is the possibility that noise from anthropogenic structures in grassland habitats, such as wind turbines and roads, may affect the propagation of the low-frequency boom chorus of lekking male Greater Prairie-Chickens (Tympanuchus cupido). We used sound pressure levels from acoustic recordings taken at 10 leks in the Nebraska Sandhills, USA during 2013 and 2014 in a SPreAD-GIS sound propagation model to make spatial projections of the boom chorus under a variety of conditions including landscape composition, conspecific attendance, and weather. We then used sets of …

Ungulate Predation And Ecological Roles Of Wolves And Coyotes In Eastern North America, John F. Benson, Karen M. Loveless, Linda Y. Rutledge, Brent R. Patterson Jan 2017

#### Ungulate Predation And Ecological Roles Of Wolves And Coyotes In Eastern North America, John F. Benson, Karen M. Loveless, Linda Y. Rutledge, Brent R. Patterson

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Understanding the ecological roles of species that influence ecosystem processes is a central goal of ecology and conservation biology. Eastern coyotes (Canis latrans) have ascended to the role of apex predator across much of eastern North America since the extirpation of wolves (Canis spp.) and there has been considerable confusion regarding their ability to prey on ungulates and their ecological niche relative to wolves. Eastern wolves (C. lycaon) are thought to have been the historical top predator in eastern deciduous forests and have previously been characterized as deer specialists that are inefficient predators of …

Potential Of Windbreak Trees To Reduce Carbon Emissions By Agricultural Operations In The Us, William Ballesteros Possu, James R. Brandle, Michele Schoeneberger Jan 2017

#### Potential Of Windbreak Trees To Reduce Carbon Emissions By Agricultural Operations In The Us, William Ballesteros Possu, James R. Brandle, Michele Schoeneberger

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Along with sequestering C in forest, trees on farms are able to contribute to greenhouse mitigation through emission avoidance mechanisms. To evaluate the magnitude of these contributions, emission avoidance contributions for field and farmstead windbreak designs in regions across the United States were estimated, along with greenhouse gas (GHG) emission budgets for corn, soybean, winter wheat, and potato operations. We looked at farming scenarios with large (600 ha), mid (300 ha), and small-size (60 ha) farms containing farmsteads built before and after 2000, and growing different cropping systems. Windbreak scenarios were assumed to be up to 5% of the crop …

How Do Undergraduate Stem Mentors Reflect Upon Their Mentoring Experiences In An Outreach Program Engaging K-8 Youth?, Kari Nelson, Jaime Sabel, Cory Forbes, Neal Grandgenett, William Tapprich, Christine E. Cutucache Jan 2017

#### How Do Undergraduate Stem Mentors Reflect Upon Their Mentoring Experiences In An Outreach Program Engaging K-8 Youth?, Kari Nelson, Jaime Sabel, Cory Forbes, Neal Grandgenett, William Tapprich, Christine E. Cutucache

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Background: Many university students are becoming involved in mentoring programs, yet few studies describe the impact of mentoring on the mentor. Additionally, many studies report that students graduating from college are not prepared to enter the workforce in terms of key career skills and/or content knowledge. Herein, we examine the impact of our program, NE STEM 4U (Nebraska Science, Technology, Engineering and Math for You), in which undergraduate (UG) mentors engage K-8 youth in after-school STEM experiments. The UGs reflected upon their experiences using post-mentoring evaluations, 12- and 24-week interviews, and exit surveys. Many of the questions asked of the …

Complex Variation In Habitat Selection Strategies Among Individuals Driven By Extrinsic Factors, Edward J. Raynor, Hawthorne L. Beyer, John M. Briggs, Anthony Joern Jan 2017

#### Complex Variation In Habitat Selection Strategies Among Individuals Driven By Extrinsic Factors, Edward J. Raynor, Hawthorne L. Beyer, John M. Briggs, Anthony Joern

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Understanding behavioral strategies employed by animals to maximize fitness in the face of environmental heterogeneity, variability, and uncertainty is a central aim of animal ecology. Flexibility in behavior may be key to how animals respond to climate and environmental change. Using a mechanistic modeling framework for simultaneously quantifying the effects of habitat preference and intrinsic movement on space use at the landscape scale, we investigate how movement and habitat selection vary among individuals and years in response to forage quality–quantity tradeoffs, environmental conditions, and variable annual climate. We evaluated the association of dynamic, biotic forage resources and static, abiotic landscape …

Plant Uptake And Stream Chemistry Set Global Bounds On Nitrogen Gas Emissions From Humid Tropical Forests, E.N.J. Brookshire, S. Gerber, W. Greene, R.A. Jones, Steven A. Thomas Jan 2017

#### Plant Uptake And Stream Chemistry Set Global Bounds On Nitrogen Gas Emissions From Humid Tropical Forests, E.N.J. Brookshire, S. Gerber, W. Greene, R.A. Jones, Steven A. Thomas

##### Papers in Natural Resources

Denitrification and hydrologic leaching are the two major pathways by which nitrogen is lost from the terrestrial biosphere. Humid tropical forests are thought to dominate denitrification from unmanaged lands globally, but there is large uncertainty about the range and key drivers of total N gas emissions across the biome. We combined pantropical measures of small watershed stream chemistry with ecosystem modeling to determine total nitrogen gas losses and associated uncertainty across humid tropical forests. Our calculations reveal that denitrification in soils and along hydrologic flowpaths contributes on average >45% of total watershed N losses. However, when denitrification occurs exclusively in …