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Physical Sciences and Mathematics Commons

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Natural Resources Management and Policy

2003

Iowa State University

Suspended solids

Articles 1 - 2 of 2

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Influence Of Suspended Solids On Acute Toxicity Of Carbofuran To Daphnia Magna: Ii. An Evaluation Of Potential Interactive Mechanisms, Steven P. Bradbury, Carl Herbrandson, Deborah L. Swackhamer Jan 2003

Influence Of Suspended Solids On Acute Toxicity Of Carbofuran To Daphnia Magna: Ii. An Evaluation Of Potential Interactive Mechanisms, Steven P. Bradbury, Carl Herbrandson, Deborah L. Swackhamer

Steven P. Bradbury

It has been demonstrated that simultaneous exposure of Daphnia magna to suspended solids and a carbamate pesticide potentiates the toxic response to the pesticide. The toxicodynamics between these stressors were investigated to determine possible mechanisms of interaction. Three experimental series were conducted with D. magna to determine: the effect of food availability on carbofuran toxicity; the effect of food availability on jointly administered carbofuran and suspended solids; and changes in the magnitude of effects which can occur with suspended solids of different composition. These experiments demonstrated that both carbofuran toxicity and the joint toxicity of carbofuran and suspended solids to …


Influence Of Suspended Solids On Acute Toxicity Of Carbofuran To Daphnia Magna: I. Interactive Effects, Steven P. Bradbury, Carl Herbrandson, Deborah L. Swackhamer Jan 2003

Influence Of Suspended Solids On Acute Toxicity Of Carbofuran To Daphnia Magna: I. Interactive Effects, Steven P. Bradbury, Carl Herbrandson, Deborah L. Swackhamer

Steven P. Bradbury

This study explored the effects on Daphnia magna from exposure to the pesticide carbofuran in combination with stress from suspended solids exposure. Our objective was to assess whether suspended solids affects the toxicodynamic response of D. magna to carbofuran. A series of laboratory experiments was performed where animals were exposed to carbofuran concentrations ranging from 0 to 160 mg/l in combination with suspended solids concentrations ranging from 0 to 10,000 mg/l. In the absence of suspended solids, effects of carbofuran were dose dependent and resulted in an EC(sub)50 of 92 mg/l. Exposure to suspended solids, up to extreme levels that …