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Life Sciences

1979

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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Predation Of Upland Game And Its Management, Roger Wells Dec 1979

Predation Of Upland Game And Its Management, Roger Wells

Great Plains Wildlife Damage Control Workshop Proceedings

There is probably no greater topic that elicits greater emotion in public wildlife discussions than that of predation. A variety of groups each with their own particular special interest surround the topic.

Some advocate complete protection of predators on the premise that their activities merely result in a "balance of nature." The opposite viewpoint argue just as strongly for the total elimination of Predators of valued wildlife in order to have greater number for man's enjoyment.


Metals In Apple Cider Produced And Marketed In Connecticut, Dennis W. Hill, Thomas R. Kelley, Gale R. Morrow, Sylvia W. Matiuck Dec 1979

Metals In Apple Cider Produced And Marketed In Connecticut, Dennis W. Hill, Thomas R. Kelley, Gale R. Morrow, Sylvia W. Matiuck

Storrs Agricultural Experiment Station

No abstract provided.


Potential Economic And Environmental Impacts Of Alternative Sediment Control Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Joseph C. Campbell Dec 1979

Potential Economic And Environmental Impacts Of Alternative Sediment Control Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Joseph C. Campbell

CARD Reports

This study focuses on the interaction of U.S. agricultural exports, regional patterns of farm production, and the problem of agricultural sediment. It also evaluates alternative policies in abating sedimentation of the nation's main river basins. One underlying hypothesis of the study is that changes in agricultural export demands cause shifts in the comparative advantage among producing regions within the United States and alter regional land use patterns, farm incomes, consumer food prices, and soil loss. Given this hypothesis, the study uses a mathematical model and two estimates of the U.S. 1985 agricultural exports to investigate if and ...


An Analysis Of American Agriculture Under Various Policy Alternatives For 1980, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Ashok Chowdhury, Earl O. Heady Oct 1979

An Analysis Of American Agriculture Under Various Policy Alternatives For 1980, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Ashok Chowdhury, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Historically, the U.S. farm sector has been a leader in meeting the challenges of the world's growing food demand. American farmers produced an impressive 24 percent of the total world food and feed grains in 1977. They also contributed 53.6 percent of total world exports of these farm commodities in the same year. This achievement was possible through a combination of past governmental policies and technological developments. In the beginning cheap land and other inexpensive inputs encouraged farmers to increase agricultural production by expanding the use of these inputs. Gradually, technological innovations and mechanization of agriculture accelerated ...


X-Rays Provide Researchers With Views Of Coral Growth Patterns, Richard E. Dodge Oct 1979

X-Rays Provide Researchers With Views Of Coral Growth Patterns, Richard E. Dodge

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

No abstract provided.


Effects Of No-Tillage Fallow As Compared To Conventional Tillage In A Wheat-Fallow System, C. R. Fenster, G. A. Peterson Oct 1979

Effects Of No-Tillage Fallow As Compared To Conventional Tillage In A Wheat-Fallow System, C. R. Fenster, G. A. Peterson

Historical Research Bulletins of the Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station

The benefits of reducing tillage by use of herbicides for weed control emphasizes why research was started to study a fallow system where all tillage was replaced by herbicides. Wheat planting was then the only soil disturbing operation. Objectives of the research were to compare the effects of no-tillage (chemical), stubble-mulch and plow (bare fallow) systems of fallow on: 1. Grain yield. 2. Grain protein. 3. Residue retention. 4. Soil nitrate-nitrogen accumulation. 5. Soil water accumulations during fallow. Data presented are in the form of a progress report. These experiments will continue.


Heating-Effect Minimization In Dye Lasers, Kenneth Lee Matheson, James M. Thorne Aug 1979

Heating-Effect Minimization In Dye Lasers, Kenneth Lee Matheson, James M. Thorne

Faculty Publications

Optical pumping of dye lasers deposits heat nonuniformly in the active medium. Because the refractive index of a liquid or gas is a function of temperature, gradients are created which refract the laser beam. This effect is sometimes serious enough to quench laser action. In this paper, we evaluate the effects caused by optical pumping with a coaxial flashlamp and suggest ultraviolet absorbers and wavelength shifters as materials for minimizing the problem


Long-Term Effects Of Land Application Of Domestic Wastwater: Tooele, Utah, Slow-Rate Site, Volume 1: Field Investigation, James H. Reynolds, L. R. Anderson, R. W. Miller, W. F. Campbell, M. O. Braun Aug 1979

Long-Term Effects Of Land Application Of Domestic Wastwater: Tooele, Utah, Slow-Rate Site, Volume 1: Field Investigation, James H. Reynolds, L. R. Anderson, R. W. Miller, W. F. Campbell, M. O. Braun

All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository)

Application of wastewater to the land has been designated a viable alternative for wastewater treatment by the Water Pollution Act Amendments of 1972 (PL 92-500). However, very little information is available concerning the long-term effects of applying wastewater to the land. The general objective of this study was to determine the long-term effects of employing secondary treated municipal wastewater as irrigation water. The study compared the quality of soils, crops, groundwater, and applied water to a site receiving normal irrigation water (control site) to a site (treated site) which had utilized seondary treated municipal effluent for irrigation water during a ...


Atmospheric Forcing Of The Bight Of Abaco, Peter M. Smith Aug 1979

Atmospheric Forcing Of The Bight Of Abaco, Peter M. Smith

HCNSO Student Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Influence Growth But Not Mineral Concentrations In Seedlings Of Eight Sweetgum Families, Richard C. Schultz, Paul P. Kormanik, W. Craig Bryan, G. H. Brister Jun 1979

Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Influence Growth But Not Mineral Concentrations In Seedlings Of Eight Sweetgum Families, Richard C. Schultz, Paul P. Kormanik, W. Craig Bryan, G. H. Brister

Richard C. Schultz

Seedlings of eight half-sib sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) families were grown for 6 months in a fumigated soil mixture, with or without inoculum from a mixture of Glomus mosseae and Glomus etunicatus fungi, at levels of 140, 280, 560, and 1120 kg/ha of 10-10-10 fertilizer. All seedlings received three additions of 187 kg/ha of N during the growing season. Inoculated seedlings had significantly greater biomass, height, and stem diameters at each fertilizer level than nonmycorrhizal control seedlings. Significant differences in growth occurred between families in mycorrhizal plants. However, fertilizer did not significantly affect growth or nutrient uptake of ...


Ua66/8/2 Growing Season In Kentucky 1948-1977, Wku Kentucky Climate Center, Glen Conner, Robert Sanderson May 1979

Ua66/8/2 Growing Season In Kentucky 1948-1977, Wku Kentucky Climate Center, Glen Conner, Robert Sanderson

WKU Archives Records

Kentucky Climate Center report number 21 Growing Season in Kentucky


Ecotypic Differentiation Of Andropogon Virginicus L. In Relation To Strip Mine Spoil Banks, Valina Kay Hurt May 1979

Ecotypic Differentiation Of Andropogon Virginicus L. In Relation To Strip Mine Spoil Banks, Valina Kay Hurt

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

Reciprocal plantings of populations of broomsedge, taken from an abandoned strip mine and from an abandoned farm plot in south central Kentucky, on strip mine spoil and abandoned field soil resulted in patterns of populations differentiation. Clonal plantings of populations from strip mine habitats and old field development appeared equal in height and biomass when grown on old field soils in both field trials and growth chamber studies. Populations when planted in strip mine soils in field trials and controlled growth experiments. Later flowering in strip mine populations may be a key to survival strategy in the harsh microclimates of ...


Biology, Reproductive Potential And The Impact Of Fishing Pressure On The Bluegill Fishery Of Pelican Lake, Uintah County, Utah, Bob D. Burdick May 1979

Biology, Reproductive Potential And The Impact Of Fishing Pressure On The Bluegill Fishery Of Pelican Lake, Uintah County, Utah, Bob D. Burdick

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Certain aspects of the biology of two species of fish, bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus) and largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides), and the assessment of fishing pressure upon the sport fishery of Pelican Lake, Uintah County, Utah, a 680 ha warmwater lake, were studied between April 1, 1976 and June 30, 1978. The growth rate of bluegills (sexes combined) was fairly rapid; the mean back-calculated total lengths from ages one through nine were 55, 112, 166, 194, 211, 229, 245, 256 and 259 mm. The growth of largemouth bass was 104, 194, 271, 316, 350, 405 and 416 mm total length for ages ...


Development And Validation Test Of A Mule Deer Habitat Rule, Glenn Gephart May 1979

Development And Validation Test Of A Mule Deer Habitat Rule, Glenn Gephart

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A mathematical description of Rocky Mountain mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus) habitat was developed and subjected to validation testing using correlation and multiple regression statistical techniques. Data were collected on a central Utah study area, which was divided into mountain and desert regions.

Data on deer utilization and several habitat components from 86 study plots visited in 1976 were used to develop a habitat rule. Data from 46 study plots visited in 1977 were used to test the accuracy of the rule. Deer utilization was determined from pellet group counts on 20 0.001 ha pellet plots at each study ...


Information Transfer And Regulation In A Model Ecosystem With Environmental Stochasticity, M. Mckee May 1979

Information Transfer And Regulation In A Model Ecosystem With Environmental Stochasticity, M. Mckee

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The concept of regulation in ecosystems has been given considerable attention in the ecological literature, but no formal treatment has been offered. This study proposes a rigorous definition of regulation which is derived from the mathematics of information and communication theory. A theoretical, mathematical equivalent of the definition is also offered which implies serious limitations as to the value of most traditional laboratory population studies and deterministic population models in understanding regulation in ecosystems. The empirical validity of this theoretical equivalence is tested through use of a competition model of two diatoms. Other observations concerning the relationship between environmental variability ...


Some Effects Of A Grazer, Hyalella Azteca On Ecosystem Level Properties In Aquatic Microcosms, Martin D. Werner May 1979

Some Effects Of A Grazer, Hyalella Azteca On Ecosystem Level Properties In Aquatic Microcosms, Martin D. Werner

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A study to determine some ecosystem level effects of an aquatic invertebrate grazer, Hyalella azteca, was performed in aquatic ix microcosms. Impact of the grazer was assessed in three general areas: 1) inorganic nutrient levels of the microcosm water column, 2) productivity and respiration of the biotic community, and 3) plant community composition in the microcosms.

The grazing amphipod caused inorganic phosphorus and nitrogen (except ammonia) levels to be elevated in the microcosms. The increase was due, at least partially, to excretion of nutrients into the water by the amphipod. The presence of H. azteca did not significantly alter levels ...


Two Basic Methodological Choices In Wildland Vegetation Inventories: Their Consequences And Implications, Donald Alan Shute May 1979

Two Basic Methodological Choices In Wildland Vegetation Inventories: Their Consequences And Implications, Donald Alan Shute

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In designing inventories of wildland vegetation, two of the many basic methodological choices are: 1) whether data are collected, reduced, and stored in discrete classes or as continuous variables, and 2) whether data are gathered as general purpose variables to bear upon many questions, or as specific purpose variables optimized for only one type of prediction. The effects of these two choices on accuracy of vegetation inventories to predict plant community production were examined by comparing regression models built upon differing sets of independent variables "inventoried" from a common data base. Contrary to expectations, discrete variables of classified community types ...


Effects Of Forage Availability On Voluntary Intake And Feeding Behavior Of Grazing Heifers, Anastasios S. Nastis May 1979

Effects Of Forage Availability On Voluntary Intake And Feeding Behavior Of Grazing Heifers, Anastasios S. Nastis

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Forage intake by animals is an important factor in determining production of livestock products from rangelands. However, relatively little is known of effects of such forage variables as availability and distribution in space upon intake. Even less is known about how the grazing animal modifies its feeding tactics when confronted with diminishing or limited supplies of available forage and how such altered behavior may affect the animal's energetic cost for existence. Forage intake, body weight gain, grazing time and biting rate of Angus heifers was related to forage availability and plant height on semiarid crested wheatgrass rangeland during the ...


Interrelationships Between Benthic Macroinvertebrates And Habitat In A Mountain Stream, John M. Payne May 1979

Interrelationships Between Benthic Macroinvertebrates And Habitat In A Mountain Stream, John M. Payne

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

A study to determine habitat differences of benthic macroinvertebrates was conducted on the upper Strawberry River, Utah. The investigation was part of a large scale project to determine minimum stream flow requirements for trout. The effects of time, habitat, depth and velocity on the distribution of benthic fauna were evaluated.

Samples of benthic invertebrates (146 total) were collected every 2 months at 8 stations on the river from November, 1975 through August, 1976. Representatives of 59 taxa were collected. Eight taxa comprised 90 percent of the mean annual community standing crop in numbers. Biomass was not dominated by any group ...


Spectral Signature Studies For Application In Deer Census Using Remote Sensing Techniques, Maran C. Pate May 1979

Spectral Signature Studies For Application In Deer Census Using Remote Sensing Techniques, Maran C. Pate

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This study was performed to determine the spectral signatures of deer and their natural background elements for censusing purposes. Consideration was given to atmospheric transmittance, acceptable flying weather, and terrain. Possible spectral bands between 0.3 and 14.0 μm were obtained (over a pathlength of 1500 feet at an altitude of 5000 feet) based upon atmospheric transmittance using the LOWTRAN 3B computer program. They are: 0.30 - 1.33, 1.49 - 1.79, 2.00 - 2.50, 3.00 - 3.16, 3.38 - 4.10, 4.59 - 5.05, and 8.00 - 13.33 μm, for transmittance greater than ...


Reproductive Modes Of The Least Chub (Iotichthys Phlegethontis - Cope), Marianne Crawford May 1979

Reproductive Modes Of The Least Chub (Iotichthys Phlegethontis - Cope), Marianne Crawford

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The reproductive biology of the least chub Iotichthys phlegethontis (Cope) was studied from June 1976 to March 1978. Fish from both field and laboratory populations of the Leland Harris Spring Complex, Juab Co., Utah were utilized in the study. Reproduction in 1977 occurred from April to July in the field population and from April through August in the laboratory population.

Reproduction was determined from gross examination and weight measurements of testes and ovaries, breeding coloration in males and diameter measurements of ova.

Males and females matured at about the same size, 28 to 30 mm TL. The number of mature ...


Hidrometalurjide Yeni, Fathi Habashi Jan 1979

Hidrometalurjide Yeni, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Turkish translation of F. Habashi, “Recent Advances in Hydrometallurgy,” Proceedings International Mineral Processing Congress, Warsaw, 1979, edited by J. Laskowski, published by Elsevier, pp. 902–935


Summary Of 1979 Field Experiments, M L. Poole Jan 1979

Summary Of 1979 Field Experiments, M L. Poole

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

79WH50: Effect of time of planting x cultural systems x herbicides on wheat yields - Wongan Hills Research Station. 79M34: Effect of time of planting x cultural systems x herbicides on wheat yields – Merredin Research Station. 79C31: Effect of time of planting x cultural systems x herbicides on wheat yields - Chapman Research Station. 79WH58: Rates of ryegrass x rates of nitrogen on wheat Yield. 79WH57: Rates of CCC and rates of nitrogen on yield of Wheat.


Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus In Barley And Oats (79mt20, 79pe13) Experimental Summary 1979, G D. Mclean, T N. Khan, M Grimm, J D. Sandow Jan 1979

Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus In Barley And Oats (79mt20, 79pe13) Experimental Summary 1979, G D. Mclean, T N. Khan, M Grimm, J D. Sandow

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

(1) Yield assessments have continued similar to those used in 1977 and 1978. Essentially, plants with symptoms typical of BYDV are marked in the early spring as well as a similar number without symptoms. Yield differences were obtained both for Clipper Barley and an oats variety. (2) Two pilot experiments using viruliferous aphids were carried out at Mount Barker (79MT20) and at South Perth · (79PE13). Both Rhopalosiphum padi and R. maidis were used. Infection at Mt Barker failed, and therefore no data is presented. The Perth experiment was planted on August 31, 1979. The original plan was to have two ...


Summary Research Results 1979, G A. Pearce Jan 1979

Summary Research Results 1979, G A. Pearce

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

DPX4189 for weed control in wheat 79N27. Location - Toodyay. Herbicide mixtures for broadleaved weeds in wheat. Location - Toodyay. Diuron mixtures for broad leaf weeds in cereals. Location - "Glencoe" C/- P.O. Bindoon. Herbicides for early planting 79MO42. Location – N. Tonkin – Coomberdale. Broad leaf weeds in cereals 79MO45. Location - Miling (J. Lewis, Plympton). Herbicides for early planting 79LG27. Location – Karlgarin.


Contour Cultivation : Cheap Erosion Control, T R. Negus, B. Barrett Jan 1979

Contour Cultivation : Cheap Erosion Control, T R. Negus, B. Barrett

Journal of the Department of Agriculture, Western Australia, Series 4

Although the benefits of contour cultivation are well recognised, it makes cultivation more difficult, particularly if the paddock is split by contour banks and grassed waterways. However, a comparison east of Pingelly indicates that contour cultivation is little more expensive or time-consuming than ordinary cultivation.


Long Term Rotation Trials, I Rowland Jan 1979

Long Term Rotation Trials, I Rowland

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

Locality: 66M29, 67Cl3, 67N4, 68E5, 68SG5, 73SG16. Soil type, history, rainfall and wheat/lupin yields.


1. Sub Clover Root Rot Resistance 2. Clover Cultivar Evaluation- High Rainfall Areas, D J. Gillespie Jan 1979

1. Sub Clover Root Rot Resistance 2. Clover Cultivar Evaluation- High Rainfall Areas, D J. Gillespie

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

77BU1 Seed and plant data 1979 high rainfall areas, Karridale 77D1 Seed and plant data 1979 high rainfall areas, Denmark (Dry site) 77D4 Seed and plant data 1979 high rainfall areas, Denmark (Wet site) 77ES31 Seed and plant data 1979 Esperance region, Dalyup 77ES33 Seed and plant data 1979 Esperance region, Mt Howick 79MA9 Dry matter production spring 1979, Northcliffe 79W4 Dry matter production spring 1979, Wokalup Research Station


A. Minimum Tillage Investigations. B. Evaluation Of Stubble Management Techniques, D Jasper Jan 1979

A. Minimum Tillage Investigations. B. Evaluation Of Stubble Management Techniques, D Jasper

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

77WH17 Continuous cropping site, Wongan Hills Research Station 77WH18 Rotational site, Wongan Hills Research Station 77M13 Heavy land continuous cropping site, Merredin Research Station 78M25 Light land continuous cropping site, Merredin Research Station 77M56 Rotational site, Merredin Research Station 77A16 Continuous cropping site, Avondale Research Station 77A43 Rotational site, Avondale Research Station 77E52 Rotational site, Esperance Downs Research Station 78BA42 Continuous Cropping Site, Badgingarra Research Station 77MT15 Continuous Cropping Site, Mt Barker Research Station 79WH6, Evaluation of stubble management practices, Wongan Hills Research Station 79M6 Heavy Land, Merredin Research Station 79M7 Light land, Merredin Research Station


Wheat Potential Yield Trials - 79ka17 D. Hall, Beaufort River - 79wh32 Wongan Hills Research Station, R N. Weir, D Tennant, A. G. P. Brown, M. W. Perry Jan 1979

Wheat Potential Yield Trials - 79ka17 D. Hall, Beaufort River - 79wh32 Wongan Hills Research Station, R N. Weir, D Tennant, A. G. P. Brown, M. W. Perry

Experimental Summaries - Plant Research

COMMENTS 1. No insect problems experienced and broadleaf weeds effectively controlled by spraying. Septoria· leaf spot incidence insufficient to affect yields. 2. Little effect of time of planting on either total dry matter or grain yield. Crop received about 70% of the average May-October rainfall with a very dry September-October. Perhaps the distribution of rainfall allowed a similar pattern of water use, and total water use by each planting time. 3. There is probably a significant effect of Nitrogen regime on grain yield. Osmocote (N3) consistently yielded more than either single (N1) or repeated (N2) dressings of Agran 34:0 ...