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Life Sciences

1978

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Articles 1 - 30 of 85

Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Lichenometric Distribution Of Rhizocarpon Geographicum On Mt. Washington: A Relative Dating Tool., Paul Andrew Mayewski, Peter A. Jeschke Dec 1978

Lichenometric Distribution Of Rhizocarpon Geographicum On Mt. Washington: A Relative Dating Tool., Paul Andrew Mayewski, Peter A. Jeschke

Earth Science Faculty Scholarship

Excerpt from summary, p. 83: In addition to marking the distribution of snowpatches and the relative age of patterned ground features, local departures from the regional lichenometric trend may also be used to define and relatively date: changes in the distribution of soils and vegetation, avalanche deposits, and abrasion of hiking trails. Lichenometric studies will be undertaken in the following year to date more precisely features and events on Mount Washington.


An Emulsion Dye Laser, Kenneth Lee Matheson, James M. Thorne Nov 1978

An Emulsion Dye Laser, Kenneth Lee Matheson, James M. Thorne

Faculty Publications

A laser dye which is insoluble in water has been dissolved in hexane and emulsified in a water matrix. When pumped with a nitrogen laser, this mixture was observed to lase. The emulsion is superior to a simple hexane solution because the excellent thermo-optical properties of the water matrix help prevent refractive-index gradients from degrading laser performance. This is a useful characteristic for flash-pumped dye lasers, laser-pumped dye lasers, and liquid filters. Another type of solvent system, a critical solution, is also discussed. For certain dyes, a critical solution has even better thermo-optical properties because of its ability to absorb ...


Hydrography And Hydrodynamics Of Virginia Estuaries. Xvii, Mathematical Ecosystem Modeling Study Of The York River, P. V. Hyer, A. Y. Kuo, C. S. Fang, W. J. Hargis Jr. Nov 1978

Hydrography And Hydrodynamics Of Virginia Estuaries. Xvii, Mathematical Ecosystem Modeling Study Of The York River, P. V. Hyer, A. Y. Kuo, C. S. Fang, W. J. Hargis Jr.

Reports

The York River drainage basin is rural, with an economy based on farming, logging, fishing and recreation. Water quality conditions are generally good, with low chlorophyll and nutrients and low fecal coliform counts. Dissolved oxygen concentrations are high except for periodic deoxygenation of the water deeper than 8 m in the reach extending 10 km upstream of the mouth.

A quasi-three dimensional tidal average model was constructed and calibrated using intensive field data collected in June and July, 1976 and verified using slack water run data from September, 1976. The model components are: salinity, fecal coliform, chlorophyll, CBOD, dissolved oxygen ...


The Maine Coast : Issues Considered, Maine Coastal Program Oct 1978

The Maine Coast : Issues Considered, Maine Coastal Program

Maine Collection

The Maine Coast : Issues Considered - A Report to the Governor by his Advisory Committee on Coastal Development and Conservation

Maine Coastal Program, Maine State Planning Office

Augusta, Maine (31 October 1978)

Contents: Introduction / Summary of Committee Recommendations / Fisheries / Port Development / Heavy Industry Siting / Travel and Tourism / Cumulative Impact of Development / Natural Resource Information Transfer


Land Use Inventory And Projection Model With Application To Iowa And Its Subregions, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, James A. Gibson, John F. Timmons Oct 1978

Land Use Inventory And Projection Model With Application To Iowa And Its Subregions, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, James A. Gibson, John F. Timmons

CARD Reports

Any land use planning activity requires an information support system. Land use legislation enacted in Iowa in 1977 requires capability in inventorying, analyzing and projecting land uses (87). This legislation provides for the development of a state land use policy from recommendations generated by county and state land preservation commissions. These recommendations involve consideration of current land uses and projections of land needed for the various land uses in the future. Proposed federal land use legislation requires states to develop their future U.S. land use needs. Both H.R. 10294 and S. 984 introduced in the U.S. Congress ...


Influence Of Nitrogen Fertilization On The Quality And Quantity Of Streamflow From A Forested Watershed, George B. Coltharp, Michael T. Shearer, Everett P. Springer, Robert F. Wittwer Oct 1978

Influence Of Nitrogen Fertilization On The Quality And Quantity Of Streamflow From A Forested Watershed, George B. Coltharp, Michael T. Shearer, Everett P. Springer, Robert F. Wittwer

KWRRI Research Reports

This project was designed to determine the effects of nitrogen fertilization on the quality and quantity of streamflow eminating from an eastern hardwood forest watershed. A 40.67 ha watershed, located in mountainous eastern Kentucky, was aerially fertilized in late April 1975. The forest stand was principally oak, hickory, and yellow poplar, 50 - 55 years of age and in a relatively undisturbed condition. A helicopter applied anunonium nitrate at a rate of 504 kg/ha. Because a large part of applied nitrogen fertilizer ends up in the highly mobile nitrate nitrogen.form, this is the principal ion monitored in this ...


Serologic And Hematologic Values Of Bison In Colorado, Edward O. Keith, James Ellis, Robert W. Phillips, Maxine M. Benjamin Oct 1978

Serologic And Hematologic Values Of Bison In Colorado, Edward O. Keith, James Ellis, Robert W. Phillips, Maxine M. Benjamin

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Recent economic and aesthetic interest in North American bison (Bison bison) has lead to increased interstate transport of these animals. Serologic and hematologic standards for bison are needed to detect disease in transported animals as well as within herds. This paper describes variation in blood physiological parameters in bison caused by variations in diet and season. Blood was taken from six bison and analyzed for serologic and hematologic parameters. Significant variation was found in blood urea nitrogen, chloride, cholesterol, creatinine, eosinophil, glucose, hemoglobin, lactic dehydrogenase, leukocyte, packed cell volume, potassium, serum globulin, serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase, SGPT, and sodium levels ...


A 200 Year Record Of Carbon-13 And Carbon-14 Variations In A Bermuda Coral, Y. Nozaki, D. M. Rye, K. K. Turekian, Richard E. Dodge Oct 1978

A 200 Year Record Of Carbon-13 And Carbon-14 Variations In A Bermuda Coral, Y. Nozaki, D. M. Rye, K. K. Turekian, Richard E. Dodge

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

A 200 year old brain coral, captured in Bermuda in 1976 was slabbed and x-rayed. Using the annual growth bands sequential, dated samples were taken over the entire growth period of the coral and analyzed for Δ14C, δ13C and δ18O. During the past 80 years atmospheric variations in Δ14C and δ13C due to human effects, such as release of bomb C-14 and dilution of both C-14 and C-13 by fossil fuel burning, are closely tracked by the coral. Prior to 1900 divergences between the coral and tree Δ14C ...


Plant Geography And Water Quality Data For Chesapeake Bay Waters Of Virginia's Eastern Shore, John C. Munday Jr., Paul L. Zubkoff, J. Ernest Warinner Iii, Elvira Ferrez-Reyes, Hayden H. Gordon, Kenneth A. Moore Sep 1978

Plant Geography And Water Quality Data For Chesapeake Bay Waters Of Virginia's Eastern Shore, John C. Munday Jr., Paul L. Zubkoff, J. Ernest Warinner Iii, Elvira Ferrez-Reyes, Hayden H. Gordon, Kenneth A. Moore

Reports

Plant geography and water quality data were collected in shallow water near Cape Charles and Occohannock Creek, Virginia on two occasions. Data from April, 1978 included hydrography, distribution and abundance of -submerged aquatic vegetation, phytoplankton census, and water clarity data. Data from May, 1978 included hydrography, phytoplankton census, water clarity, and primary productivity data. The May data collection was coincident with an overflight of the NASA JSC C-130 aircraft (6600 m) acquiring color infrared photography and multispectral scanner data; cell concentrations reached 105/ml, chlorophyll~ 72 pg/1, and suspended sediment 94 mg/1. i


Zoogeography Of Tropical Western Atlantic Crinoidea (Echinodermata), David L. Meyer, Charles G. Messing, Donald B. Macurda Jr. Jul 1978

Zoogeography Of Tropical Western Atlantic Crinoidea (Echinodermata), David L. Meyer, Charles G. Messing, Donald B. Macurda Jr.

Marine & Environmental Sciences Faculty Articles

Recent collections of crinoids from the intertidal zone to 1,650 m in the tropical western Atlantic have provided significant range extensions for more than half of the 44 comatulid and stalked species known from the region. Of the 34 comatulid species, over 60% are endemic to the region; of the 10 stalked species, 90% are endemic. At the familial level, this fauna has its strongest affinities with the tropical Indo-Pacific region. Comatulids are most abundant above 300 m, while stalked species occur primarily between 100 and 700 m. Species that occur primarily above 600 m (the deepest penetration of ...


"Toxic Chemicals In The Environment", William E. Cooper Jun 1978

"Toxic Chemicals In The Environment", William E. Cooper

Special Collections: Oregon Public Speakers

Presented and recorded with Arbib, M. A., "Environmental Simulation and Long-Term Planning."


The Kinetics Of Solvent Reorientation In Hydroxylated Solvents From The Exciting-Wavelength Dependence Of Chromophore Emission Spectra, John Milton, Robert M. Purkey, William C. Galley Jun 1978

The Kinetics Of Solvent Reorientation In Hydroxylated Solvents From The Exciting-Wavelength Dependence Of Chromophore Emission Spectra, John Milton, Robert M. Purkey, William C. Galley

WM Keck Science Faculty Papers

The disappearance of the exciting-wavelength dependence of the phosphorescence spectra of polar, aromatic chromophores in supercooled glycol–water mixtures is utilized to monitor the kinetics of solvent reorientation. Reorientation times in the nanosecond to second range are obtained for (3:2 v/v) glycerol–water and (1:1 v/v) ethylene glycol–water at 140–240 °K. The results suggest that the process is one involving a cluster of solvent molecules and in which the chromophore plays a relatively passive role. Steady-state data and direct measurements of phosphorescence shifts as a function of time indicate that the solvent reorientation process ...


Effects Of Beef Feeding Practices And Conservation Farming Systems On The Interregional Pattern Of Crop And Beef Production, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Gary F. Vocke, Earl O. Heady Jun 1978

Effects Of Beef Feeding Practices And Conservation Farming Systems On The Interregional Pattern Of Crop And Beef Production, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Gary F. Vocke, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Beef cattle convert grass from U.S. rangelands and aftermath from crops into usable protein that otherwise would be unavailable for human consumption. They also are fed large quantities of grain in the United States. Intensive use of grain in the beef feeding industry results from the nation's large supplies and low real prices of feed grains.


Adaptive Significance Of Lactate Dehydrogenase B2 Isozymes In Rainbow Trout, Salmo Gairdneri And A Biochemical Genetic Comparison Of Cutthroat Trout (Salmo Clarki) Populations, Gerald Thomas Klar May 1978

Adaptive Significance Of Lactate Dehydrogenase B2 Isozymes In Rainbow Trout, Salmo Gairdneri And A Biochemical Genetic Comparison Of Cutthroat Trout (Salmo Clarki) Populations, Gerald Thomas Klar

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Rainbow trout lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) B2' B2' , B2' B2" and B2" B2" phenotypes were tested under a variety of conditions for swimming endurance, oxygen consumption rates, and blood pH, p02, and lactate. The B2" B2" phenotype exhibited a lower swimming endurance, under a limited oxygen supply, than the B2' B2' and B2' B2" phenotypes. Blood pH at fatigue did not differ among the LOH phenotypes that swam under low oxygen conditions (2 mg/1). Blood p02 at fatigue was significantly higher for females than for males ...


Population Dynamics And Net Production Of Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta) In Two Areas Of A High Gradient Mountain Stream, Jeffrey C. Gosse May 1978

Population Dynamics And Net Production Of Brown Trout (Salmo Trutta) In Two Areas Of A High Gradient Mountain Stream, Jeffrey C. Gosse

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Estimates of the brown trout (Salmo trutta) population were made in two areas of the Blacksmith Fork River, Cache County, Utah, from June 1972 to June 1973. Additional data were obtained on movement, growth, mortality, biomass, production, and yield.

Population density was highly variable in the area where habitat alterations had occurred, but was relatively uniform where the habitat was undisturbed. The brown trout exhibited little movement except during spawning season. Instantaneous growth and mortality rates are provided for each age group.

Mean annual biomass in the two areas was 12.0 and 10.2 grams per square meter and ...


Physiological Response To Hooking Stress In Largemouth Bass (Micropterus Salmoides), A. Wayne Gustaveson May 1978

Physiological Response To Hooking Stress In Largemouth Bass (Micropterus Salmoides), A. Wayne Gustaveson

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Recent concern about large initial and delayed mortalities resulting from tournament angling for largemouth bass has indicated that it would be desirable to further evaluate the fate of fish that are released after being captured by angling. This study was designed to evaluate sublethal physiological disruptions caused by hooking stress after largemouth bass were played under standardized conditions (0-5 minutes) and to estimate the time needed for recovery of the homeostatic mechanisms (to 72 hours). Blood lactate was used as a measure of metabolic fatigue; plasma osmolality and chloride measurements were used to evaluate osmoregulatory disturbances and gill ion-exchange; and ...


Plant Succession Studies On Subalpine Acid Mine Spoils In The Beartooth Mountains, Patricia Lea Howard May 1978

Plant Succession Studies On Subalpine Acid Mine Spoils In The Beartooth Mountains, Patricia Lea Howard

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Large areas within alpine and subalpine tundra have been x disturbed by mining during this century. The most promising method for retarding deterioration of these areas is revegetation with native species through both seeding and transplants. One natural process of revegetation which occurs on portions of many existing disturbances seems to be the establishment of a few species that expand with time to form matts of plants.

At the McLaren Mine, located at 3000 m elevation in the Beartooth Mountains, Montana, active succession is occurring and is dominated by Carex species. Seed viability and successional patterns studies were conducted on ...


A Discriminant Function Model Of Gray-Headed Junco Habitat, Andrew R. Grainger May 1978

A Discriminant Function Model Of Gray-Headed Junco Habitat, Andrew R. Grainger

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

This paper presents a description of gray-headed junco habitat in the form of a model based on discriminant function analysis. Junco nests were found by searching randomly located grids on a 7.8 km2 study area in central Utah. Vegetation data was gathered on 500 m2 circular plots surrounding nests and contrasted with similar data from searched grids where nests were not found. The model explains 28 percent of the between-groups variance and correctly classifies 68 percent of the plots.

Plant cover types are good predictors of areas where gray-headed juncos nest, while plant community type descriptions do ...


Conflict In Outdoor Recreation, Gerald R. Jacob May 1978

Conflict In Outdoor Recreation, Gerald R. Jacob

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The causes of conflict among users of outdoor recreation resources have received little attention from recreation researchers. Knowledge of factors responsible for conflict might assist recreation planners' attempts to reduce future instances of conflict and help management focus its conflict resolution efforts. A theory of conflict is offered as the first step in systematically procuring such knowledge. A definition and characteristics of outdoor recreation conflicts are presented; four comprehensive causes of user conflicts are proposed. Ten propositions are used to link these factors to conflict and suggest future research hypotheses. The social psychological dynamics of conflict, as described here, have ...


The Photosynthetic Action Spectra Of The Phytoplankton And Their Role In Governing Spatial And Temporal Distribution: A Numerical Modeling Approach, William Morrow Willis Apr 1978

The Photosynthetic Action Spectra Of The Phytoplankton And Their Role In Governing Spatial And Temporal Distribution: A Numerical Modeling Approach, William Morrow Willis

OES Theses and Dissertations

In the present study a numerical modeling approach is employed to examine the role of division spedific differences in photosynthetic action spectra in governing the relative size of diatom and dinoflagellate carbon synthesis along various marine light regime gradients. A radiative transfer model taking into account both Rayleigh and Mie atmospheric optical properties is employed to define the light regime incident on the sea surface. The hydrospheric light regime is defined by an exponential decay model with a correction for diffuse back scatter. Taken together, the atmospheric and hydrospheric models define the spectral composition and intensity of light in the ...


Geological And Botanical Features Of Sand Beach Systems In Maine And Their Relevance To The Critical Areas Program Of The State Planning Office, Bruce W. Nelson, L. Kenneth Fink Jr. Mar 1978

Geological And Botanical Features Of Sand Beach Systems In Maine And Their Relevance To The Critical Areas Program Of The State Planning Office, Bruce W. Nelson, L. Kenneth Fink Jr.

Maine Collection

Geological and Botanical Features of Sand Beach Systems in Maine and Their Relevance to the Critical Areas Program of the State Planning Office

by Bruce W. Nelson and L. Kenneth Fink, Jr.

"A Report Prepared for the Maine Critical Areas Program, State Planning Office, Augusta, Maine 04330 - Planning Report Number 54 (14 March 1978)."

Contents: Abstract / Foreword / Acknowledgements / Geology, Distribution, and Geomorphology of Maine's Coastal Sandy Beaches and Dune Systems / Methods of Locating Sandy Beaches and Dunes / General Consideration in Developing Criteria for Inclusion in the List of Significant Coastal Sandy Beaches and Dunes / Geological Criteria for Significance / Botanical ...


Energy Use In U.S. Agriculture: An Evaluation Of National And Regional Impacts From Alternative Energy Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Dan Dvoskin, Earl O. Heady, Burton C. English Mar 1978

Energy Use In U.S. Agriculture: An Evaluation Of National And Regional Impacts From Alternative Energy Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Dan Dvoskin, Earl O. Heady, Burton C. English

CARD Reports

Modern agriculture depends heavily on fossil fuel energy to power its machinery, to pump irrigation water, to produce fertilizers, and for many other uses. Further increases in energy prices will have important impacts on U.S. agriculture. Energy intensive irrigated farming will suffer most severely. But as energy prices continue to increase, other types of farming will also be affected.


A Study Of The Interaction Of Weather With Alternative Environmental And Grain Reserve Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Woo Koo, William G. Boggess, Earl O. Heady Feb 1978

A Study Of The Interaction Of Weather With Alternative Environmental And Grain Reserve Policies, Center For Agricultural And Rural Development, Iowa State University, Woo Koo, William G. Boggess, Earl O. Heady

CARD Reports

Environmental concerns and technological changes are closely interrelated factors in agricultural production. Technical innovations in the form of improved farming practices and new and more intensive applications of chemical inputs have resulted in an upward trend in grain yields. However, the increased usage of chemical inputs such as fertilizers, insecticides, and herbicides may also be significant sources of pollution. Other environmental concerns such as soil loss and the disposal of livestock wastes affect agricultural production capabilities and may degrade soil and water quality. In addition, weather variability causes significant year-to-year fluctuations in_grain yields around trend levels and is one of ...


Guidelines For Zooplankton Sampling In Quantitative Baseline And Monitoring Programs, Fred Jacobs, George C. Grant Feb 1978

Guidelines For Zooplankton Sampling In Quantitative Baseline And Monitoring Programs, Fred Jacobs, George C. Grant

Reports

Methods applicable to zooplankton sampling and analysis in quantitative baseline and monitoring surveys are evaluated and summarized. Specific recommendations by managers must take into account characteristics of the water mass under investigation, the abundance of contained zooplankton and phytoplankton populations and the objectives of the study. Realistic planning and development must also consider available monetary and manpower resources.


Saturated Flow Models Applicable To Hillside Surface Mine Reclamation , Lyle Prunty Jan 1978

Saturated Flow Models Applicable To Hillside Surface Mine Reclamation , Lyle Prunty

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Optimum Yield And The Fcma: A Case For Economic Discrimination, Herrick J. Johnson Jan 1978

Optimum Yield And The Fcma: A Case For Economic Discrimination, Herrick J. Johnson

Theses and Major Papers

Marine Affairs thesis from the University of Rhode Island.


Fish Of Lake Mead And Lake Mohave, Robert C. Allan, Dennis L. Roden Jan 1978

Fish Of Lake Mead And Lake Mohave, Robert C. Allan, Dennis L. Roden

Publications (WR)

This publication offers an in-depth study of the fish and other organisms that live in Lakes Mead and Mohave. The history and background of the two lakes is offered, as well as information about diseases, parasites, and unusual fish occurrences. Food sources, predation and competition are also discussed.


Mathematical Models For Gully-Wall And Mineland-Soil Seep And Slip, Seyed Farhad Mousavi Jan 1978

Mathematical Models For Gully-Wall And Mineland-Soil Seep And Slip, Seyed Farhad Mousavi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Some Toxicological Effects Of Phosphate Esters On Rainbow Trout And Bluegill , Sutham Sitthichaikasem Jan 1978

Some Toxicological Effects Of Phosphate Esters On Rainbow Trout And Bluegill , Sutham Sitthichaikasem

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparison Of Alternative Recreation Impact Survey Designs For Northeast Iowa , Carl William Ramm Jan 1978

A Comparison Of Alternative Recreation Impact Survey Designs For Northeast Iowa , Carl William Ramm

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.