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Full-Text Articles in Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Small Business Cybersecurity: A Loophole To Consumer Data, Matthew R. Espinosa May 2022

Small Business Cybersecurity: A Loophole To Consumer Data, Matthew R. Espinosa

The Scholar: St. Mary's Law Review on Race and Social Justice

Small businesses and small minority owned businesses are vital to our nation’s economy; therefore legislation, regulation, and policy has been created in order to assist them in overcoming their economic stability issues and ensure they continue to serve the communities that rely on them. However, there is not a focus on regulating nor assisting small businesses to ensure their cybersecurity standards are up to par despite them increasingly becoming a victim of cyberattacks that yield high consequences. The external oversight and assistance is necessary for small businesses due to their lack of knowledge in implementing effective cybersecurity policies, the ...


Prospects For Legal Analytics: Some Approaches To Extracting More Meaning From Legal Texts, Kevin D. Ashley May 2022

Prospects For Legal Analytics: Some Approaches To Extracting More Meaning From Legal Texts, Kevin D. Ashley

University of Cincinnati Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Understanding Of Mycorrhizae Networks: A Historical Approach, Jake Sun May 2022

The Understanding Of Mycorrhizae Networks: A Historical Approach, Jake Sun

The Confluence

The growth of mycorrhizal fungi into plant roots used to be viewed as a parasitic relationship between plants and fungi, where the fungal symbiont benefits and the plant host is harmed. Current research elucidates a mutualistic relationship. The mycorrhizae network assists the plants by increasing the capabilities for nutrient absorption in the soil. In exchange, the fungi receive carbon supply from the photosynthetic plants for growth. Our scientific understanding of other topics like species specificity, seed germination, and co-evolutionary influence of mycorrhizae and plants has also progressed. Additionally, we now understand that the mycorrhizal mutualism is not limited to the ...


“Lasso The Moon? Is It Possible? What About Hack The Moon? Today’S International Framework For Activities On The Moon”, Diane M. Janosek, Armando Seay, Josa P. Natera May 2022

“Lasso The Moon? Is It Possible? What About Hack The Moon? Today’S International Framework For Activities On The Moon”, Diane M. Janosek, Armando Seay, Josa P. Natera

Military Cyber Affairs

The global interest in the moon and outer space continues to skyrocket. The current U.S. commercial investment in space is $350 billion annually, and it is expected to grow to $1 Trillion or more by 2040. The U.S. military investment in space defense and research likewise continues to grow, with the total investment amount remaining classified. With the frequent activity in space, as well as concerns about attacks to US space assets to and from space, the U.S, created the United States Space Command and its Space Force. With private space travel, nanosatellites, lunar exploration, and the ...


The Iwar Range + 21 Years: Cyber Defense Education In 2022, Joseph H. Schafer, Chris Morrell, Ray Blaine May 2022

The Iwar Range + 21 Years: Cyber Defense Education In 2022, Joseph H. Schafer, Chris Morrell, Ray Blaine

Military Cyber Affairs

Twenty-one years ago, The IWAR Range paper published by CCSC described nascent information assurance (now cybersecurity[1]) education programs and the inspiration and details for constructing cyber ranges and facilitating cyber exercises. This paper updates the previously published work by highlighting the dramatic evolution of the cyber curricula, exercise networks and ranges, influences, and environments over the past twenty years.

[1] In 2014, DoD adopted “cybersecurity” instead of “information assurance.” [34:1]


How Blockchain Solutions Enable Better Decision Making Through Blockchain Analytics, Sammy Ter Haar May 2022

How Blockchain Solutions Enable Better Decision Making Through Blockchain Analytics, Sammy Ter Haar

Information Systems Undergraduate Honors Theses

Since the founding of computers, data scientists have been able to engineer devices that increase individuals’ opportunities to communicate with each other. In the 1990s, the internet took over with many people not understanding its utility. Flash forward 30 years, and we cannot live without our connection to the internet. The internet of information is what we called early adopters with individuals posting blogs for others to read, this was known as Web 1.0. As we progress, platforms became social allowing individuals in different areas to communicate and engage with each other, this was known as Web 2.0 ...


Forecasting Razorback Baseball Game Outcomes, Austin Raabe May 2022

Forecasting Razorback Baseball Game Outcomes, Austin Raabe

Information Systems Undergraduate Honors Theses

Despite the disappointing end to the 2021 Arkansas Razorback baseball year, the team’s success provided hog fans something to look forward to next season. While they will be without the 2021 Golden Spikes Award winner, Kevin Kopps, and four All-SEC team selections, the 2022 roster has promising new and returning talent. With fifty percent of the players who played significant time last year coming back (minimum ten hits or ten innings pitched), the arrival of several impact transfers from major conferences, and a recruiting class ranked in the top five according to Perfect Game, there is reason to believe ...


Secure Wearable Authentication: Generalization Through Self-Sovereign Identity And Iot Parallels, Jordan Hazelip May 2022

Secure Wearable Authentication: Generalization Through Self-Sovereign Identity And Iot Parallels, Jordan Hazelip

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

This culminating experience project explored current and up-and-coming forms of authentication in association to secure wearable devices. The increase in scams and associated vulnerabilities cause additional stress on the ability to identify and authenticate devices and individuals. The research questions posed in this project are: “What are the limitations of a wearable device actively participating in a cryptographic exchange?” and “How can the relationship between Self-Sovereign Identity (SSI) and Internet of Things (IoT) influence the future of secure wearable authentication?” The limitations of a wearable device actively participating in a cryptographic exchange are the battery, computational mass, and overall wearable ...


Intraday Algorithmic Trading Using Momentum And Long Short-Term Memory Network Strategies, Andrew R. Whitinger Ii May 2022

Intraday Algorithmic Trading Using Momentum And Long Short-Term Memory Network Strategies, Andrew R. Whitinger Ii

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Intraday stock trading is an infamously difficult and risky strategy. Momentum and reversal strategies and long short-term memory (LSTM) neural networks have been shown to be effective for selecting stocks to buy and sell over time periods of multiple days. To explore whether these strategies can be effective for intraday trading, their implementations were simulated using intraday price data for stocks in the S&P 500 index, collected at 1-second intervals between February 11, 2021 and March 9, 2021 inclusive. The study tested 160 variations of momentum and reversal strategies for profitability in long, short, and market-neutral portfolios, totaling 480 ...


Big Business, Small Plastic, Hannah Johnson May 2022

Big Business, Small Plastic, Hannah Johnson

Senior Honors Projects

No abstract provided.


Beyond Hcahps: Analysis Of Patients’ Comments Provides An Expanded View Of Their Hospital Experiences, Andrew S. Gallan, Rakesh Niraj, Awanindra Singh Apr 2022

Beyond Hcahps: Analysis Of Patients’ Comments Provides An Expanded View Of Their Hospital Experiences, Andrew S. Gallan, Rakesh Niraj, Awanindra Singh

Patient Experience Journal

An important concern for health care professionals is that standardized patient surveys may not fully capture all the topics that are important to patients. As a result, health care professionals may not have a complete picture of what their patients experience. The purpose of this research is to utilize a state-of-the-art Natural Language Processing technique to make sense of patients’ solicited, unstructured comments to gain a deeper and broader understanding of their experiences in the hospital. We analyzed a large dataset of inpatient survey responses (48,592 patients generating 65,998 comments) by a patient experience survey vendor for an ...


To Adopt Blockchain Technology Or Not: Is The Decision-Making Process Immune To Covid-19?, Rebecca Jauch Apr 2022

To Adopt Blockchain Technology Or Not: Is The Decision-Making Process Immune To Covid-19?, Rebecca Jauch

Thinking Matters Symposium

Blockchain technology has been shown to have advantages in improving the effectiveness of supply chain management. We use the Technology-Organization-Environment (TOE) framework with Threat-Rigidity Theory (TRT) to determine the factors that lead U.S. businesses to adopt blockchain technology, the factors that act as barriers to adoption, and the disruptive effect of COVID-19 on the rate of blockchain adoption


2021-2022 Program And Abstracts: Celebration Of Student Scholarship, Morehead State University. Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program. Apr 2022

2021-2022 Program And Abstracts: Celebration Of Student Scholarship, Morehead State University. Undergraduate Research Fellowship Program.

2022 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Poster Presentations

The 2021-2022 Program and Abstracts for the Celebration of Student Scholarship at Morehead State University held on April 27, 2022. A Showcase of Student Research, Scholarship, Creative Work, and Performance Arts.


Sustainability In Web Development Through Energy Efficiency, Hannah Bebinger Apr 2022

Sustainability In Web Development Through Energy Efficiency, Hannah Bebinger

Honors Projects

As global internet usage expands, websites are growing in both size and complexity. Contrary to the common belief that the internet is immaterial and “environmentally friendly”, web pages have significant negative environmental impacts (Frick, 2015). Websites contribute to global greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and electricity consumption. Considering the current climate crisis, it is crucial that web developers be aware of the impact that their work has on the environment and actively work to improve site energy efficiency. With a lack of regulation and awareness, the environmental impact of websites has remained unchecked despite growing concerns for sustainability. Further research and ...


Correlation Between The Compatibility Of Anthropometric Design Of Educational Furniture And Neck Pain In The Faculty Of Physical Therapy At Delta University, Amira H. Mohammed Apr 2022

Correlation Between The Compatibility Of Anthropometric Design Of Educational Furniture And Neck Pain In The Faculty Of Physical Therapy At Delta University, Amira H. Mohammed

Delta University Scientific Journal

No abstract provided.


Molecular Characterization Of Blakpc, Blandm1, And Acra Genes In Klebsiella Pneumoniae, Rasha Medhat El-Morsi Apr 2022

Molecular Characterization Of Blakpc, Blandm1, And Acra Genes In Klebsiella Pneumoniae, Rasha Medhat El-Morsi

Delta University Scientific Journal

Abstract

Klebsiella pneumonia (K. pneumonia) harboring blaKPC, blaNDM1, and acrA genes are highly resistant and inactivate all β-lactam antibiotics including carbapenems. This study aimed to molecularly characterization of these enzymes in K. pneumonia isolates. A total of sixty-seven clinical isolates of multiple drug-resistant (MDR) K. pneumonia were collected from different sites of infection, characterized and subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing, double-disc diffusion Synergy test (DDST) and Modified-Hodge test (MHT). blaKPC, acrA , blaNDM1 genes amplified by PCR. K. pneumonia isolates carrying these resistance genes were fully identified by 16S rRNA sequencing and the relatedness of isolates was ...


Protective Effects Of Artemisinin On The Placenta Of L-Name Induced Preeclampsia In Rat, Hanan Eissa El Shafey Hanan Apr 2022

Protective Effects Of Artemisinin On The Placenta Of L-Name Induced Preeclampsia In Rat, Hanan Eissa El Shafey Hanan

Delta University Scientific Journal

Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy induced hypertensive disorder and an important cause of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality. It affects about 3 - 8% of all pregnancies worldwide. Placental factors that arise from placental hypoxia/ischemia set off molecular and cellular cascades, resulting in vascular endothelial dysfunction.

Objective: The aim of study was to clarify the possible protective effect of Artemisinin (ART) on the placenta of L-NAME induced PE in rats and to explore possible involved mechanisms.

Method: Thirty pregnant female Sparge Dawley rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (10 rats/each): The control group, PE-group, and ART ...


Homology Modeling And Docking Studies Of Peroxisomal Carnitine O-Octanoyltransferase, Rania Khalil Apr 2022

Homology Modeling And Docking Studies Of Peroxisomal Carnitine O-Octanoyltransferase, Rania Khalil

Delta University Scientific Journal

Computational docking is used for optimizing known drugs and for defining new binders by simulating their binding mode and affinity. AutoDock tools have been widely cited as necessary tools in structure-based drug design. These methods are rapid enough to declare virtual screening of ligand libraries. We selected a target involved in transferases enzyme class and provided a fully reproducible docking protocol. This paper will show how docking techniques would be an important asset to identify new ligands interactions with transferases. We used Non-3D structures of chosen transferases and built models for the proteins in trying to find putative compounds against ...


Statistical Applications To The Management Of Intensive Care And Step-Down Units, Yawo Mamoua Kobara Apr 2022

Statistical Applications To The Management Of Intensive Care And Step-Down Units, Yawo Mamoua Kobara

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis proposes three contributing manuscripts related to patient flow management, server decision-making, and ventilation time in the intensive care and step-down units system.

First, a Markov decision process (MDP) model with a Monte Carlo simulation was performed to compare two patient flow policies: prioritizing premature step-down and prioritizing rejection of patients when the intensive care unit is congested. The optimal decisions were obtained under the two strategies. The simulation results based on these optimal decisions show that a premature step-down strategy contributes to higher congestion downstream. Counter-intuitively, premature step-down should be discouraged, and patient rejection or divergence actions should ...


Scholars Day Program Of Events 2022, Carl Goodson Honors Program Apr 2022

Scholars Day Program Of Events 2022, Carl Goodson Honors Program

Scholars Day

This is the program of events for the 2022 Scholars Day Conference, where undergraduates across disciplines present their scholarly and creative works.


Warehouse And Logistics: Smart Picking With Vuzix Smart Glasses, Elise Hemink Apr 2022

Warehouse And Logistics: Smart Picking With Vuzix Smart Glasses, Elise Hemink

Frameless

Vuzix is an industry leader in augmented reality (AR) technology. We provide innovative products to an array of industries, a few being defense, security, enterprise, and consumers. Our AR technology provides a perfect balance of engagement in the digital and real worlds thanks to their innovative optics, AI apps and 5G capability.


Representing And Analyzing The Dynamics Of An Agent-Based Adaptive Social Network Model With Partial Integro-Differential Equations, Hiroki Sayama Apr 2022

Representing And Analyzing The Dynamics Of An Agent-Based Adaptive Social Network Model With Partial Integro-Differential Equations, Hiroki Sayama

Northeast Journal of Complex Systems (NEJCS)

We formulated and analyzed a set of partial integro-differential equations that capture the dynamics of our adaptive network model of social fragmentation involving behavioral diversity of agents. Previous results showed that, if the agents’ cultural tolerance levels were diversified, the social network could remain connected while maintaining cultural diversity. Here we converted the original agent-based model into a continuous equation-based one so we can gain more theoretical insight into the model dynamics. We restricted the node states to 1-D continuous values and assumed the network size was very large. As a result, we represented the whole system as a set ...


Table Of Contents And Front Matter, Bjur Staff Apr 2022

Table Of Contents And Front Matter, Bjur Staff

Butler Journal of Undergraduate Research

No abstract provided.


Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 4 Apr 2022

Human-Machine Communication: Complete Volume. Volume 4

Human-Machine Communication

This is the complete volume of HMC Volume 4.


Funding Achievement In Kentucky, Brett Blair, James Masterson Apr 2022

Funding Achievement In Kentucky, Brett Blair, James Masterson

2022 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Poster Presentations

It is no surprise that the proper education of a population ranks high on the list of important accomplishments within a society. After all, a population’s education can affect its ability to perform at a high capacity. The education of Kentucky’s children is no different. Recent years have seen large disparities in the resources available to each school in Kentucky, which could have effects on the educational output of regions in the state. Though research has been conducted on concepts such as school funding, educational quality, and education reform, this research tends to be lacking in specificity and ...


A Preliminary Survey On The Biodiversity Of Wasps In Eastern Kentucky, Lorien Molstad, Zoe Baker, Julia Fitzpatrick, Bethany Lucio, Sean O'Keefe Apr 2022

A Preliminary Survey On The Biodiversity Of Wasps In Eastern Kentucky, Lorien Molstad, Zoe Baker, Julia Fitzpatrick, Bethany Lucio, Sean O'Keefe

2022 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Poster Presentations

Biodiversity is the measure of variability of interactions between living organisms within an area. Biodiversity contributes significantly to the production of different life sustaining resources and supports a diversity of ecological life. A greater biodiverse area can help maintain environmental balance and maintain ecological diversity and health. There are multiple economic, cultural, and scientific reasons as to why biodiversity is important. When assessing biodiversity, mammals and birds are commonly used as surrogates. The problem with mammals and birds is that there are relatively few species and relatively few individuals in an area, so quantitative assessment can be difficult. However, insects ...


Creating The First Genetically Engineered Eukaryote With Circular Chromosomes, Duncan Mcginnis, Melissa Mefford Apr 2022

Creating The First Genetically Engineered Eukaryote With Circular Chromosomes, Duncan Mcginnis, Melissa Mefford

2022 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Poster Presentations

Prokaryotes and eukaryotes differ in their chromosome structure; prokaryotes have a single circular chromosome, while eukaryotes have multiple circular chromosomes. Linear chromosomes are more complex than circular ones and create problems for eukaryotes. Many of these issues are solved by telomeres—long, repetitive sequences of DNA found on the ends of most eukaryotic chromosomes. They protect the ends from harm and limit how many times a cell can divide. Two of our greatest medical challenges, cancer and aging, are closely related to telomeres; most cancers upregulate telomerase, and aging human cells display shorter telomeres. To investigate the evolution and function ...


Photography Practicum: Learning The Basics Of Managing A Fine Art Photography Darkroom, Brooklin Routt, Allison Jones, Frazier Pack, Robyn Moore Apr 2022

Photography Practicum: Learning The Basics Of Managing A Fine Art Photography Darkroom, Brooklin Routt, Allison Jones, Frazier Pack, Robyn Moore

2022 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Poster Presentations

The photography practicum provides Art and Design student researchers with the practical experience of managing a fine art photography studio. Students learn how to operate, manage, and maintain industry-standard fine art archival inkjet printers as well as a fourteen-station traditional black and white darkroom. This project provides essential expertise and knowledge that students, as lab monitors, both share with other students and incorporate into their own fine art practice and professional activities. Student researchers learn how to mix, store, and dispose of photographic chemistry, provide daily assistance to undergraduate and graduate photography students, and generate ideas for improvements to the ...


Quantifying Ant Populations To Measure Biodiversity In Morehead, Ky, Alyssa Turner, Jude Hall, Tayla Lee, Charles Lydeard, Sean O'Keefe Apr 2022

Quantifying Ant Populations To Measure Biodiversity In Morehead, Ky, Alyssa Turner, Jude Hall, Tayla Lee, Charles Lydeard, Sean O'Keefe

2022 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Poster Presentations

To effectively conduct conservation efforts, we can use biodiversity to assess the condition of our environment. Biodiversity has been commonly defined as the variety and variability among living organisms within an area. When our ecosystems are at their best, they clean water, purify air, maintain soil, regulate climate, recycle nutrients, and provide food. Everything within an ecosystem is interdependent, so biodiversity is an important factor and indicator of environmental health. Indicators help us to measure and monitor pressures or threats in land and water use, habitat loss or invasive species, the state of species and ecosystems, the conservation response, and ...


Technology In Workplace Communication By Generation, Hannah Meadows, Christy Trent Apr 2022

Technology In Workplace Communication By Generation, Hannah Meadows, Christy Trent

2022 Celebration of Student Scholarship - Poster Presentations

The purpose of this research study was to determine the generational differences in the use of communication technology in the workplace. Most employees feel a deeper sense of connection to those in their own generational group. This survey looks at ideologies across four generations, Baby Boomers, Generation X, Millennials, and Generation Z, to help give employers some insight into why employees feel this way and encourage better communication in the workforce.