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Full-Text Articles in Organisms

Harnessing Antagonistic Pleiotropy: Tolc-Dependent Coliphages Can Drive Reduced Antibiotic Resistance In E. Coli, Cooper Mckenna Jan 2024

Harnessing Antagonistic Pleiotropy: Tolc-Dependent Coliphages Can Drive Reduced Antibiotic Resistance In E. Coli, Cooper Mckenna

CMC Senior Theses

The rise of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacterial pathogens has been a growing concern in healthcare around the world, and bacteriophage (phage) therapy is a promising method to combat MDR infections. One defense mechanism of E. coli against antibiotics is the TolC-AcrAB efflux pump. At the same time, some phages use TolC as a surface receptor to infect the cell. This puts TolC at a crossroads in which it is beneficial to the bacteria to protect against antibiotics but harmful by allowing phage infection, creating the potential for evolutionary trade-offs. Previous research has identified only three TolC-dependent phages and shown phage-resistant E. …


Analyzing Pseudomonas Aeruginosa With Bacteriophage Tags Using Photoacoustic Flow Cytometry, Jennifer C. Schinke Aug 2023

Analyzing Pseudomonas Aeruginosa With Bacteriophage Tags Using Photoacoustic Flow Cytometry, Jennifer C. Schinke

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The number of daily bacterial infections is climbing and the CDC explains that this is due to the antibiotic-resistant threat in the United States. Finding a faster way of bacterial identification is necessary as it currently takes 1-4 days for a medical lab to culture and identify bacteria. Photoacoustic flow cytometry (PAFC) can be used as an alternative method resulting in swift identification within an hour (Edgar, 2019). Pseudomonas aeruginosa, cell line PA01, will be coated in up to a few hundred red dyed phages making it detectible by the photoacoustic flow cytometry system. Bacteriophages (phages) are viruses that …


Bacteriophages: Paving The Road For The Future Of Medicine, Luke Brinkerhoff May 2022

Bacteriophages: Paving The Road For The Future Of Medicine, Luke Brinkerhoff

Honors Theses

Bacteriophages are a possible solution to antibiotic resistance, which is predicted to be detrimental world-wide by the year 2050. Personal field research was also conducted for a project studying the characteristics of two bacteriophages on a single bacterial host.


Diversity Of Bacteriophage In Burkholderia Species, Abigail Price Apr 2022

Diversity Of Bacteriophage In Burkholderia Species, Abigail Price

Honors Projects

Bacteriophages are viruses that infect and replicate within bacteria and offer the potential of a therapeutic alternative to chronic infections that do not respond to antibiotic-based therapies. B. vietnamiensis is one of a number of Burkholderia species involved with chronic drug resistant infections in the lungs of individuals with compromised respiratory systems, as found in those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and, most especially, are of particular significance in patients with cystic fibrosis. The diversity of the Burkholderia species is explored by using online databases and looking at bacteriophage or phage-encoding viruses found in B. vietnamiensis. The open reading frames …


Genome Sequences Of Four Cluster P Mycobacteriophages, Erin L. Doyle, Christy L. Fillman, Nathan S. Reyna, Ruth C. Plymale, Deborah M. Tobiason, Daniel E. Westholm, Jonathan L. Askins, Brittany P. Backus, Ashlynn C. Baker, Harrison S. Ballard, Paul J. Bisesi, Logan Bond, Deanna Byrnes, Hannah Carlstedt, Kinnon S. Dodson, Megan J. Fallert, Kyla J. Foster, Daniel N. Games, Tristan R. Grams, Nancy A. Guild, Autumn Hurd, Nicholas Iwata, Cassidy R. Kepler, Lucinda R. Krenzke, Kelly Luekens, Jackie Lewis, Cali Mcentee, Justin C. Mcgee, Noah Nalley, Jade Prochaska, Reid G. Rogers, Jessica B. Schipper, Kelsey Snyder Jan 2018

Genome Sequences Of Four Cluster P Mycobacteriophages, Erin L. Doyle, Christy L. Fillman, Nathan S. Reyna, Ruth C. Plymale, Deborah M. Tobiason, Daniel E. Westholm, Jonathan L. Askins, Brittany P. Backus, Ashlynn C. Baker, Harrison S. Ballard, Paul J. Bisesi, Logan Bond, Deanna Byrnes, Hannah Carlstedt, Kinnon S. Dodson, Megan J. Fallert, Kyla J. Foster, Daniel N. Games, Tristan R. Grams, Nancy A. Guild, Autumn Hurd, Nicholas Iwata, Cassidy R. Kepler, Lucinda R. Krenzke, Kelly Luekens, Jackie Lewis, Cali Mcentee, Justin C. Mcgee, Noah Nalley, Jade Prochaska, Reid G. Rogers, Jessica B. Schipper, Kelsey Snyder

Articles

Four bacteriophages infecting Mycobacterium smegmatis mc2155 (three belonging to subcluster P1 and one belonging to subcluster P2) were isolated from soil and sequenced. All four phages are similar in the left arm of their genomes, but the P2 phage differs in the right arm. All four genomes contain features of temperate phages.


Identification Of The Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome Mec (Sccmec) Element In Viral Fractions From Environmental Samples, Emily M. Pelto May 2015

Identification Of The Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome Mec (Sccmec) Element In Viral Fractions From Environmental Samples, Emily M. Pelto

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-2019

Antibiotic resistance attributed to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has become a growing concern over the last decade in both the healthcare and agricultural environment. This resistance is encoded by the gene mecA that is located on a mosaic, mobile genetic element called the Staphylococcal Cassette Chromosome mec (SCCmec) element. It is proposed that the transfer of the SCCmec element and resulting spread of resistance occur by transduction, the transfer of genetic material from bacterium to bacterium by a bacteriophage. Specifically, it is hypothesized that the transduction of this resistance is occurring in the agricultural setting. To test …